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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218994/maternal-stress-and-psychological-distress-preconception-association-with-offspring-atopic-eczema-at-age-12-months
#1
S El-Heis, S R Crozier, E Healy, S M Robinson, N C Harvey, C Cooper, H M Inskip, J Baird, K M Godfrey
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal stress and low mood have been linked to offspring atopic eczema. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation of maternal stress/mood with atopic eczema in the offspring, focusing particularly on stress/psychological distress preconception. METHODS: At recruitment in the UK Southampton Women's Survey, preconception maternal reports of perceived stress in daily living and the effect of stress on health were recorded; in a sub-sample psychological distress was assessed (12-item General Health Questionnaire)...
February 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209492/reproductive-considerations-in-the-setting-of-chronic-viral-illness
#2
REVIEW
Brent M Hanson, Jessie A Dorais
Special considerations must be taken when patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C desire to achieve pregnancy. Patients with chronic viral illnesses desire children at rates similar to the general population, and options are available to decrease both vertical transmission and viral transmission between partners. Preconception counseling or consultation with fertility specialists is imperative in patients with HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C so that reproductive goals can be addressed and optimized...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194199/health-beliefs-and-stages-of-changes-to-improve-behaviors-among-obese-and-overweight-women-undergoing-preconception-care
#3
Zahra Malverdy, Ashraf Kazemi
BACKGROUND: Beginning and continuing pregnancy with obesity and being overweight has some known side effects for the mother and the fetus. Preventing these complications requires medical interventions before pregnancy. Because designing health improvement interventions requires understanding of the related factors of the behavior, the aim of this study was to determine the relation between health beliefs of women regarding the risks of obesity for pregnancy and stages of behavioral changes in women under preconception care...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#4
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173632/impact-of-the-choices-intervention-in-preventing-alcohol-exposed-pregnancies-in-american-indian-women
#5
Jessica D Hanson, Morgan E Nelson, Jamie L Jensen, Amy Willman, Jacque Jacobs-Knight, Karen Ingersoll
BACKGROUND: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) comprise a continuum of lifelong outcomes in those born prenatally exposed to alcohol. Although studies have shown no differences in rates by race, FASD is of particular concern for American Indian communities. One tribally-run prevention program is the Oglala Sioux Tribe (OST) CHOICES Program, which is modeled after the evidence-based CHOICES program that was focused on preconceptional prevention of alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP) by reducing risky drinking in women at-risk for pregnancy and/or preventing unintended pregnancy...
February 7, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148237/morbidity-and-mortality-among-very-preterm-singletons-following-fertility-treatment-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-population-cohort-study
#6
Alex Y Wang, Abrar A Chughtai, Kei Lui, Elizabeth A Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Due to high rates of multiple birth and preterm birth following fertility treatment, the rates of mortality and morbidity among births following fertility treatment were higher than those conceived spontaneously. However, it is unclear whether the rates of adverse neonatal outcomes remain higher for very preterm (<32 weeks gestational age) singletons born after fertility treatment. This study aims to compare adverse neonatal outcomes among very preterm singletons born after fertility treatment including assisted reproductive technology (ART) hyper-ovulution (HO) and artificial insemination (AI) to those following spontaneous conception...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130996/association-of-maternal-and-index-child-s-diet-with-subsequent-leukemia-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Nick Dessypris, Maria A Karalexi, Evangelos Ntouvelis, Andreas-Antonios Diamantaras, Vassilios Papadakis, Margarita Baka, Emmanuel Hatzipantelis, Maria Kourti, Maria Moschovi, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Vasiliki Sidi, Eftichia Stiakaki, Eleni Th Petridou
BACKGROUND: Exploring the effect of maternal and/or childhood diet on offspring leukemogenesis is challenging, given differences in food group categories, their potentially variable impact depending on time window of exposure and the multiple leukemia subtypes. We opted to quantitatively synthesize published data on the association of maternal/child diet with leukemia risk. METHODS: Medline was searched until June 30th, 2016 for eligible articles on the association of childhood leukemia with consumption of (i) food groups, excluding alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, and (ii) specific dietary supplements before/during index pregnancy and childhood...
January 25, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130504/early-life-nutritional-exposures-and-lifelong-health-immediate-and-long-lasting-impacts-of-probiotics-vitamin-d-and-breastfeeding
#8
Cristiana Berti, Carlo Agostoni, Riccardo Davanzo, Elina Hyppönen, Erika Isolauri, Helle M Meltzer, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Irene Cetin
Pregnancy and infancy comprise the most critical stages for conditioning an individual's health, with a number of implications for subsequent risks of morbidity, mortality, and reproductive health. Nutrition may influence both the overall pregnancy outcome and the growth trajectory and immune system of the fetus and infant, with short- and long-term effects on the health of the offspring. Within this context, leading experts at Expo Milano 2015 in Milan, Italy, discussed up-to-date knowledge while providing suggestions and challenges before, during, and after pregnancy...
January 27, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125970/the-use-of-the-mhealth-program-smarter-pregnancy-in-preconception-care-rationale-study-design-and-data-collection-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Matthijs R van Dijk, Elsje C Oostingh, Maria P H Koster, Sten P Willemsen, Joop S E Laven, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy nutrition and lifestyle contribute to the worldwide rising prevalence of non-communicable diseases. This also accounts for the reproductive population, in which unhealthy behavior affects fertility and pregnancy outcome. Maternal smoking, alcohol consumption and inadequate folic acid supplement use are strongly associated with fetal complications as small for gestational age, premature birth and congenital malformations. In the Netherlands 83% of the perinatal mortality rate is due to these complications and is relatively high compared to other European countries...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114813/reproductive-health-counseling-delivered-to-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#10
Runa H Gokhale, Heather Bradley, John Weiser
Advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART) and reproductive technologies have made transmission of HIV to partners and infants almost completely preventable. Comprehensive reproductive health counseling (CRHC) is an important component of care for women living with HIV, but few women report discussing reproductive health with an HIV care provider. We surveyed a probability sample of U.S. HIV care providers during 2013-2014. Of 2023 eligible providers, 1234 responded (64% adjusted provider response rate). We estimated the percentage delivering CRHC to their female patients...
January 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114316/timing-of-gestational-weight-gain-on-fetal-growth-and-infant-size-at-birth-in-vietnam
#11
Melissa F Young, Phuong Hong Nguyen, O Yaw Addo, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the importance of timing of gestational weight gain during three time periods: 1: ≤ 20 weeks gestation), 2: 21-29 weeks) and 3: ≥ 30 weeks) on fetal growth and infant birth size. METHODS: Study uses secondary data from the PRECONCEPT randomized controlled trial in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam (n = 1436). Prospective data were collected on women starting pre-pregnancy through delivery. Maternal conditional weight gain (CWG) was defined as window-specific weight gains, uncorrelated with pre-pregnancy body mass index and all prior body weights...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104242/preconception-stress-and-the-secondary-sex-ratio-in-a-population-based-preconception-cohort
#12
Jisuk Bae, Courtney D Lynch, Sungduk Kim, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Katherine J Sapra, Germaine M Buck Louis
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between preconception parental stress and the secondary sex ratio, defined as the ratio of males to females at birth. DESIGN: A population-based preconception cohort. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 235 couples who were enrolled before conception in Michigan and Texas between 2005 and 2009 and who had a singleton birth during the follow-up period. Couples were interviewed separately at baseline to obtain information on perceived stress (Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale) and lifetime history of physician-diagnosed anxiety and/or mood disorders...
January 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103463/-uterine-rupture-at-18-weeks-of-pregnancy-in-the-context-of-malformed-uterus
#13
Emídio Vale-Fernandes, Neusa Teixeira, Alexandra Cadilhe, Maria José Rocha
Birth defects of the female genital tract are relatively common and often asymptomatic. Despite the pregnancy outcome can be favorable, adverse obstetric outcomes are described in women with uterine malformations. The authors report the case of an obstetric emergency which enhances the possibility of a very adverse and rare outcome of uterine rupture in a left hemi-cavity of a bicornuate uterus away from the term, at 18 weeks of pregnancy, in a pregnant woman with history of caesarean in the right hemi-cavity and with placenta increta...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102992/environmental-factors-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review-for-the-years-2003-2013
#14
M Ng, J G de Montigny, M Ofner, M T Do
INTRODUCTION: The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been rapidly rising in the past decade. The etiology of this disorder, however, is largely unknown, although the environmental relative to the genetic contribution is substantial. We conducted a scoping review to comprehensively assess the current state of knowledge of the environmental factors present from preconception to early life associated with ASD, and to identify research gaps. METHODS: We searched electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and ERIC for articles on potential risk factors or protective factors from the physical and social environments associated with ASD and its subclassifications published between 1 January, 2003, and 12 July, 2013...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078529/rethinking-preconception-care-a-critical-women-s-health-perspective
#15
Erika L Thompson, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Cheryl A Vamos, Stephanie L Marhefka, Nolan S Kline, Ellen M Daley
Objectives Preconception care aims to provide care to reproductive aged individuals in order to improve pregnancy and birth outcomes. Given that preconception care is a public health priority, it is important to evaluate the evolution of this health paradigm and the promotion of preconception messages that are obtained by the public. We identified online preconception health messages, which were critically assessed through a women's health perspective. Methods We searched for "preconception care" on three major search engines...
January 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056865/why-women-do-not-ask-for-information-on-preconception-health-a-qualitative-study
#16
Renata Bortolus, Nadia C Oprandi, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Luca Marchetto, Francesca Filippini, Eleonora Agricola, Alberto E Tozzi, Carlo Castellani, Faustina Lalatta, Bruno Rusticali, Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo
BACKGROUND: Preconception care involves health promotion to reduce risk factors that might affect women and couples of childbearing age. The risk factors of adverse reproductive outcomes include recognized genetic diseases in the family or the individual, previous congenital diseases, miscarriage, prematurity, fetal growth restriction, infertility, chronic maternal diseases, lifestyle, and occupational or environmental factors. Effective preconception care involves a range of preventive, therapeutic and behavioural interventions...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048902/we-g-brc-00-experiences-with-tg100-in-clinical-use
#17
Grace Gwe-Ya Kim
: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) originated as an industrial engineering technique used for risk management and safety improvement of complex processes. In the context of radiotherapy, the AAPM Task Group 100 advocates FMEA as the framework of choice for establishing clinical quality management protocols. However, there is concern that widespread adoption of FMEA in radiation oncology will be hampered by the perception that implementation of the tool will have a steep learning curve, be extremely time consuming and labor intensive, and require additional resources...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048251/we-g-brc-01-risk-assessment-for-radiosurgery
#18
G Kim
: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) originated as an industrial engineering technique used for risk management and safety improvement of complex processes. In the context of radiotherapy, the AAPM Task Group 100 advocates FMEA as the framework of choice for establishing clinical quality management protocols. However, there is concern that widespread adoption of FMEA in radiation oncology will be hampered by the perception that implementation of the tool will have a steep learning curve, be extremely time consuming and labor intensive, and require additional resources...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047604/we-g-brc-02-risk-assessment-for-hdr-brachytherapy
#19
J Mayadev
: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) originated as an industrial engineering technique used for risk management and safety improvement of complex processes. In the context of radiotherapy, the AAPM Task Group 100 advocates FMEA as the framework of choice for establishing clinical quality management protocols. However, there is concern that widespread adoption of FMEA in radiation oncology will be hampered by the perception that implementation of the tool will have a steep learning curve, be extremely time consuming and labor intensive, and require additional resources...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046955/we-g-brc-03-risk-assessment-for-physics-plan-review
#20
S Parker
: Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) originated as an industrial engineering technique used for risk management and safety improvement of complex processes. In the context of radiotherapy, the AAPM Task Group 100 advocates FMEA as the framework of choice for establishing clinical quality management protocols. However, there is concern that widespread adoption of FMEA in radiation oncology will be hampered by the perception that implementation of the tool will have a steep learning curve, be extremely time consuming and labor intensive, and require additional resources...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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