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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636764/socio-economic-status-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-among-chinese-women
#1
L Song, L Shen, H Li, B Liu, X Zheng, L Zhang, S Xu, Y Wang
AIMS: The relationship between socio-economic status and gestational diabetes mellitus has received little attention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between socio-economic status and risk of gestational diabetes. METHODS: Data were obtained from the ongoing Healthy Baby Cohort study in Hubei Province, China, in 2012-2014. Information on educational level and household income was collected using standard questionnaires during face-to-face interviews...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636758/fetal-overnutrition-and-offspring-insulin-resistance-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-the-exploring-perinatal-outcomes-among-children-epoch-study
#2
K A Sauder, C W Hockett, B M Ringham, D H Glueck, D Dabelea
AIMS: To examine the associations of intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes and obesity with offspring insulin resistance, β-cell function and oral disposition index in a longitudinal observational study of ethnically diverse offspring. METHODS: A total of 445 offspring who were exposed (n=81) or not exposed (n=364) to maternal diabetes in utero completed two fasting blood measurements at mean (sd) ages of 10.5 (1.5) and 16.5 (1.2) years, respectively, and an oral glucose tolerance test at the second visit...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635163/early-pregnancy-body-mass-index-modifies-the-association-of-pre-pregnancy-dietary-patterns-with-serum-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-throughout-pregnancy-in-brazilian-women
#4
Camila Benaim, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Thatiana de Jesus Pereira Pinto, Jaqueline Lepsch, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Juliana Dos Santos Vaz, Tatiana El-Bacha, Gilberto Kac
Dietary patterns (DPs) have been described as an important factor that may influence polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations and body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy. We aim to evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy DPs and serum PUFA percentages throughout pregnancy considering early pregnancy BMI as a possible effect modifier. A prospective cohort of 154 pregnant women was followed (5th-13th, 20th-26th, and 30th-36th gestational weeks). Serum PUFA concentrations (total n-3 and total n-6, eicosapentaenoic + docosahexaenoic acids) were measured in each trimester and expressed as percentages...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633300/pre-pregnancy-blood-pressure-and-offspring-sex-in-the-hunt-study-norway
#5
Eirin B Haug, Julie Horn, Abigail Fraser, Amanda R Markovitz, Janet W Rich-Edwards, George Davey Smith, Pål R Romundstad, Bjørn O Åsvold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633294/response-to-pre-pregnancy-blood-pressure-and-offspring-sex-in-the-hunt-study-norway
#6
Ravi Retnakaran, Shi Wu Wen, Hongzhuan Tan, Shujin Zhou, Chang Ye, Minxue Shen, Graeme N Smith, Mark C Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629204/paternal-risk-factors-for-oral-clefts-in-northern-africans-southeast-asians-and-central-americans
#7
Stephanie Ly, Madeleine L Burg, Ugonna Ihenacho, Frederick Brindopke, Allyn Auslander, Kathleen S Magee, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Thi-Hai-Duc Nguyen, Viet Nguyen, Maria Irene Tangco, Angela Rose Hernandez, Melissa Giron, Fouzia J Mahmoudi, Yves A DeClerck, William P Magee Iii, Jane C Figueiredo
While several studies have investigated maternal exposures as risk factors for oral clefts, few have examined paternal factors. We conducted an international multi-centered case-control study to better understand paternal risk exposures for oral clefts (cases = 392 and controls = 234). Participants were recruited from local hospitals and oral cleft repair surgical missions in Vietnam, the Philippines, Honduras, and Morocco. Questionnaires were administered to fathers and mothers separately to elicit risk factor and family history data...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625232/breast-feeding-duration-for-the-prevention-of-excess-body-weight-of-mother-child-pairs-concurrently-a-2-year-cohort-study
#8
Marco Fabio Mastroeni, Silmara Salete de Barros Silva Mastroeni, Sandra Ana Czarnobay, John Paul Ekwaru, Sarah A Loehr, Paul J Veugelers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between breast-feeding duration and the risk of excess body weight (children >85th percentile, mothers BMI≥25·0 kg/m2) concurrently in mother-child pairs two years after delivery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study in Joinville, Brazil. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the independent relationship between breast-feeding duration and risk of excess body weight. SETTING: Brazilian public maternity hospital...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625206/organic-food-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-health-related-characteristics-the-koala-birth-cohort-study
#9
Ana Paula Simões-Wüst, Carolina Moltó-Puigmartí, Eugene Hjm Jansen, Martien Cjm van Dongen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Carel Thijs
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of organic food consumption with maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy, and several blood biomarkers of pregnant women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited at midwives' practices and through channels related to consumption of food from organic origin. SUBJECTS: Pregnant women who filled in FFQ and donated a blood sample (n 1339)...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625035/programming-of-infant-neurodevelopment-by-maternal-obesity-potential-role-of-maternal-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance
#10
Mira Dewi, Susan E Carlson, Kathleen M Gustafson, Debra K Sullivan, Jo A Wick, Holly R Hull
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent studies show that maternal obesity is associated with impaired offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. The mechanism underlying the association is unclear. However, there is evidence to suggest a role for intra-uterine exposure to inflammation and insulin resistance (IR). We aimed to determine if maternal IR and inflammation were associated to fetal neurodevelopment as indicated by fetal heart rate variability (HRV), an index of fetal cardiac autonomic nervous system development...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#11
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614986/higher-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-prior-to-pregnancy-is-associated-with-decreased-risk-for-deviation-from-the-maternal-recommended-gestational-weight-gain
#12
Antonios E Koutelidakis, Olga Alexatou, Savvina Kousaiti, Elisavet Gkretsi, George Vasios, Anastasia Sampani, Maria Tolia, Dimitrios N Kiortsis, Constantinos Giaginis
The present retrospective study was conducted on 1482 women in order to evaluate whether their pre-pregnancy adherence to the Mediterranean diet may affect maternal gestational weight gain (GWG). For this purpose, the study population was classified according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations concerning GWG. Pre-pregnancy adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed with 11 food patterns groups based on their contribution in the Mediterranean diet pyramid. Women with high adherence to the Mediterranean diet were more frequently characterised by GWG inside the IOM recommendations...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612176/antenatal-and-postnatal-depression-in-women-with-obesity-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jana Steinig, Michaela Nagl, Katja Linde, Grit Zietlow, Anette Kersting
Obesity and depression are prevalent complications during pregnancy and associated with severe health risks for the mother and the child. The co-occurrence of both conditions may lead to a particular high-risk group. This review provides a systematic overview of the association between pre-pregnancy obesity and antenatal or postnatal depression. We conducted a systematic electronic literature search for English language articles published between January 1990 and March 2017. Inclusion criteria were (a) adult pregnant women, (b) women with pre-pregnancy obesity and normal weight controls, (c) definition of obesity according to the IOM 1990/2009 criteria, (d) established depression measure, and (e) report on the association between pre-pregnancy obesity and antenatal or postnatal depression...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606701/association-between-breastfeeding-duration-and-postpartum-weight-retention-of-lactating-mothers-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#14
Mingjun Jiang, Haer Gao, Gerard Vinyes-Pares, Kai Yu, Defu Ma, Xueying Qin, Peiyu Wang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To clarify the relationship between different breastfeeding duration and postpartum weight retention through meta-analysis. METHODS: In this study, all relevant studies that described the effect of breastfeeding duration on postpartum weight retention were identified from Pubmed, Cochrane, and WANGFANG databases and so on (1960-2016). This meta-analysis had been registered in International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42016038409)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599895/variations-in-resting-energy-expenditure-impact-on-gestational-weight%C3%A2-gain
#15
Ek Berggren, P O'Tierney-Ginn, S Lewis, L Presley, S Hauguel De-Mouzon, P M Catalano
BACKGROUND: There are significant variations in gestational weight gain, with many women gaining in excess of the Institute of Medicine guidelines. Unfortunately, efforts to improve appropriate gestational weight gain have had only limited success. To date, interventions have focused primarily on decreasing energy intake and/or increasing physical activity. Maternal resting energy expenditure, which comprises ∼60% of total energy expenditure compared with the ∼20% that comes from physical activity, may be an important consideration in understanding variations in gestational weight gain...
June 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599304/hdl-cholesterol-concentration-in-pregnant-chinese-han-women-of-late-second-trimester-associated-with-genetic-variants-in-cetp-abca1-apoc3-and-galnt2
#16
Mingxuan Cui, Wei Li, Liangkun Ma, Fan Ping, Juntao Liu, Xueyan Wu, Jiangfeng Mao, Xi Wang, Min Nie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether HDL-C level in pregnant Chinese Han women of late second trimester correlated with loci in high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)-related genes found in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). METHODS: Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3764261 in CETP, rs1532085 in LIPC, rs7241918 in LIPG, rs1883025 in ABCA1, rs4225 in APOC3, rs1059611 in LPL, and rs16851339 in GALNT2) were genotyped using the Sequenom MassArray system for 1,884 pregnant women...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598979/association-of-maternal-weight-with-fads-and-elovl-genetic-variants-and-fatty-acid-levels-the-preobe-follow-up
#17
Andrea de la Garza Puentes, Rosa Montes Goyanes, Aida Maribel Chisaguano Tonato, Francisco José Torres-Espínola, Miriam Arias García, Leonor de Almeida, María Bonilla Aguirre, Marcela Guerendiain, Ana Isabel Castellote Bargalló, Maite Segura Moreno, Luz García-Valdés, Cristina Campoy, M Carmen Lopez-Sabater
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes encoding the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) and elongase (ELOVL) enzymes affect long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) production. We aimed to determine if these SNPs are associated with body mass index (BMI) or affect fatty acids (FAs) in pregnant women. Participants (n = 180) from the PREOBE cohort were grouped according to pre-pregnancy BMI: normal-weight (BMI = 18.5-24.9, n = 88) and overweight/obese (BMI≥25, n = 92). Plasma samples were analyzed at 24 weeks of gestation to measure FA levels in the phospholipid fraction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598419/genome-wide-approach-identifies-a-novel-gene-maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi-interaction-on-preterm-birth
#18
Xiumei Hong, Ke Hao, Hongkai Ji, Shouneng Peng, Ben Sherwood, Antonio Di Narzo, Hui-Ju Tsai, Xin Liu, Irina Burd, Guoying Wang, Yuelong Ji, Deanna Caruso, Guangyun Mao, Tami R Bartell, Zhongyang Zhang, Colleen Pearson, Linda Heffner, Sandra Cerda, Terri H Beaty, M Daniele Fallin, Aviva Lee-Parritz, Barry Zuckerman, Daniel E Weeks, Xiaobin Wang
Preterm birth (PTB) contributes significantly to infant mortality and morbidity with lifelong impact. Few robust genetic factors of PTB have been identified. Such 'missing heritability' may be partly due to gene × environment interactions (G × E), which is largely unexplored. Here we conduct genome-wide G × E analyses of PTB in 1,733 African-American women (698 mothers of PTB; 1,035 of term birth) from the Boston Birth Cohort. We show that maternal COL24A1 variants have a significant genome-wide interaction with maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity on PTB risk, with rs11161721 (PG × E=1...
June 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588205/human-uterine-lymphocytes-acquire-a-more-experienced-and-tolerogenic-phenotype-during-pregnancy
#19
Dorien Feyaerts, Marilen Benner, Bram van Cranenbroek, Olivier W H van der Heijden, Irma Joosten, Renate G van der Molen
Pregnancy requires a delicate immune balance that nurtures the allogeneic fetus, while maintaining reactivity against pathogens. Despite increasing knowledge, data is lacking on the transition of pre-pregnancy endometrial lymphocytes to a pregnancy state. Here, we immunophenotyped lymphocytes from endometrium (MMC), term decidua parietalis (DPMC), and PBMC for direct comparison. We found that the immune cell composition of MMC and DPMC clearly differ from each other, with less NK-cells, and more NKT-cells and T-cells in DPMC...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588000/effect-of-maternal-obesity-on-fetal-growth-and-the-expression-of-placental-fatty-acid-transporters
#20
Kui Ye, Li Li, Dan Zhang, Yi Li, Hai Qing Wang, Han Lin Lai, Chuan Lai Hu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of maternal high-fat diet induced obesity on fetal growth and the expression of placental nutrient transporters. METHODS: Maternal obesity was established in rats by 8 weeks of pre-pregnancy high-fat (HF) diet feeding, while rats in the control group were fed with normal (CON) diet. Diet induced obesity (DIO) rats and diet induced obesity resistant (DIR) rats were selected according to body weight gain over this period. After copulation, the CON rats were divided into two groups: switched to HF diet (CON-HF group) or maintained on the CON diet (CON-CON group)...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
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