keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Kulkarni

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346319/effect-of-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-on-hiv-1-specific-antibody-dependent-cellular-cytotoxicity-responses-in-subtype-b-and-subtype-c-infected-cohorts
#1
Vijaya Madhavi, Archana Kulkarni, Ashwini Shete, Wen Shi Lee, Milla R Mclean, Anne B Kristensen, Manisha Ghate, Bruce D Wines, P Mark Hogarth, Matthew S Parsons, Anthony Kelleher, David A Cooper, Janaki Amin, Sean Emery, Madhuri Thakar, Stephen J Kent
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in immune therapies to clear the latent HIV-1 after combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). There is limited information on the effect of cART on antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and no studies have directly compared ADCC in HIV-1 subtype B- and subtype C-infected subjects. The effect of improving immunocompetence on ADCC to influenza also remains unexplored. METHODS: The effect of cART on HIV-1- and influenza-specific ADCC was analyzed in two cohorts (39 subtype B- and 47 subtype C-infected subjects) before and after two years of cART...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344540/tubulointerstitial-nephritis-antigen-like-1-protein-is-downregulated-in-the-placenta-of-pre-eclamptic-women
#2
Sheon Mary, Mahesh J Kulkarni, Savita S Mehendale, Sadhana R Joshi, Ashok P Giri
BACKGROUND: Tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen-like 1 protein (TINAGL1), is a matricellular protein, known to play role in cell adhesion and cell receptor interaction. Research related to TINAGL1 is limited to cell culture and animal models. Demonstration of TINAGL1 as a positive regulator of angiogenesis and its expression in the decidua of postimplantation mouse uterus, prompted us to validate its expression in human placenta during impaired angiogenesis in pre-eclamptic condition...
2017: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329397/resveratrol-improves-vascular-function-and-mitochondrial-number-but-not-glucose-metabolism-in-older-adults
#3
Rena M Pollack, Nir Barzilai, Valentin Anghel, Ameya S Kulkarni, Aaron Golden, Pilib O'Broin, David A Sinclair, Michael S Bonkowski, Alexander J Coleville, Danielle Powell, Sharon Kim, Ruin Moaddel, Daniel Stein, Kehao Zhang, Meredith Hawkins, Jill P Crandall
Background: Resveratrol, a plant-derived polyphenol, has been reported to improve glucose metabolism and vascular function and to extend life span in animal models, but studies in humans have been inconclusive. Methods: In a randomized, double-blind crossover study, we treated older glucose-intolerant adults (n = 30) with resveratrol (2-3 g/daily) or placebo, each for 6 weeks. A standard mixed-meal test was used to assess insulin sensitivity (Matsuda index) and secretion (C-peptide deconvolution) and vascular function by reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry...
March 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329343/commonly-transmitted-hiv-1-drug-resistance-mutations-in-reverse-transcriptase-and-protease-in-antiretroviral-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-do-not-affect-response-to-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-or-tenofovir-alafenamide-containing-regimens
#4
Nicolas A Margot, Pamela Wong, Rima Kulkarni, Kirsten White, Danielle Porter, Michael E Abram, Christian Callebaut, Michael D Miller
Background.: The presence of transmitted drug-resistance mutations (TDRM) in antiretroviral (ARV) treatment-naïve patients can adversely affect the outcome of ARV therapy. Methods.: Resistance testing was conducted in 6704 ARV-naïve subjects predominantly from the U.S. and Europe in 9 Gilead clinical studies from 2000 to 2013. Results.: The presence of TDRM increased during this period (5.2% to 11.4%), primarily driven by non-nucleoside RT inhibitor resistance mutations (NNRTI; 0...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329303/high-burden-of-antimicrobial-resistance-and-mortality-among-adults-and-children-with-community-onset-bacterial-infections-in-india
#5
Vidya Mave, Ajay Chandanwale, Anju Kagal, Sandhya Khadse, Dileep Kadam, Renu Bharadwaj, Vaishali Dohe, Matthew Robinson, Aarti Kinikar, Samir Joshi, Priyanka Raichur, Katie McIntire, Savita Kanade, Jonathan Sachs, Chhaya Valvi, Usha Balasubramanian, Vandana Kulkarni, Aaron M Milstone, Ivan Marbaniang, Jonathan Zenilman, Amita Gupta
Background.: In India, antimicrobial consumption is high, yet systematically collected data on the epidemiology, risk factors and outcomes of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) infections are limited. Methods.: A prospective study of adults and children hospitalized for acute febrile illness (AFI) was conducted between August 2013 and December 2015. In-hospital outcomes were recorded, and logistic regression was performed to identify independent predictors of AMR community-onset infections...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328221/chemical-synthesis-of-biosurfactant-succinoyl-trehalose-lipids
#6
Santanu Jana, Sumana Mondal, Suvarn S Kulkarni
Herein, we report, for the first time, a strategy to differentiate O4/O4' positions of 1,1'-α,α-trehalose via regioselective protection or site-selective functionalization and its application in the first chemical synthesis of succinoyl trehalose lipids. The biosurfactant glycolipids were obtained in 11-12 steps starting from trehalose in time span of 8-10 days and 11-12% overall yields.
March 22, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327262/clinical-performance-of-pedo-jacket-crowns-in-maxillary-anterior-primary-teeth
#7
Aimee Castro, Sherine B Y Badr, Wafa El-Badrawy, Gajanan Kulkarni
PURPOSES: To assess the clinical performance of Pedo Jacket crowns for restoration of carious primary anterior teeth. METHODS: A total of 129 carious primary incisors and canines of 48 children younger than 71 months of age- were restored with Pedo Jacket crowns and resin-modified glass ionomer cementation. They were assessed for: ease of use; presence of recurrent decay; wear; partial or complete loss of the crown; color stability; gingival health; and overall clinical success over a 12-month follow-up...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326760/microscopic-evaluation-of-electrical-and-thermal-conduction-in-random-metal-wire-networks
#8
Ritu Gupta, Ankush Kumar, Sridhar Sadasivam, Sunil Walia, Giridhar U Kulkarni, Timothy S Fisher, Amy M Marconnet
Ideally, transparent heaters exhibit uniform temperature, fast response time, high achievable temperatures, low operating voltage, stability across a range of temperatures, and high optical transmittance. For metal network heaters, unlike for uniform thin film heaters, all of these parameters are directly or indirectly related to the network geometry.In the past, at equilibrium, the temperature distributions within metal networks have primarily been studied using either a physical temperature probe or direct infrared thermography, but there are limits to the spatial resolution of these cameras and probes and thus only average regional temperatures have typically been measured...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326071/temporal-variations-in-cigarette-tobacco-bacterial-community-composition-and-tobacco-specific-nitrosamine-content-are-influenced-by-brand-and-storage-conditions
#9
Jessica Chopyk, Suhana Chattopadhyay, Prachi Kulkarni, Eoghan M Smyth, Lauren E Hittle, Joseph N Paulson, Mihai Pop, Stephanie S Buehler, Pamela I Clark, Emmanuel F Mongodin, Amy R Sapkota
Tobacco products, specifically cigarettes, are home to microbial ecosystems that may play an important role in the generation of carcinogenic tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs), as well as the onset of multiple adverse human health effects associated with the use of these products. Therefore, we conducted time-series experiments with five commercially available brands of cigarettes that were either commercially mentholated, custom-mentholated, user-mentholated, or non-mentholated. To mimic user storage conditions, the cigarettes were incubated for 14 days under three different temperatures and relative humidities (i...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325936/in-situ-gisaxs-study-of-supramolecular-nanofibers-having-ultrafast-humidity-sensitivity
#10
Arpan Bhattacharyya, Milan K Sanyal, Umesha Mogera, Subi J George, Mrinmay K Mukhopadhyay, Santanu Maiti, Giridhar U Kulkarni
Self assembled nanofibers derived from donor-acceptor (D-A) pair of dodecyl methyl viologen (DMV) and potassium salt of coronene tetracarboxylate (CS) is an excellent material for the development of organic electronic devices particularly for ultrafast response to relative humidity (RH). Here we have presented the results of in-situ grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering (GISAXS) measurements to understand aridity dependent self reorganization of the nanofibers. The instantaneous changes in the organization of the nanofibers was monitored with different equilibrium RH conditions...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321981/evaluation-of-the-modified-findrisc-diabetes-score-to-identify-individuals-at-high-risk-for-diabetes-among-middle-aged-white-and-black-aric-study-participants
#11
Manjusha Kulkarni, Randi E Foraker, Ann Marie McNeill, Cynthia Girman, Sherita Hill Golden, Wayne D Rosamond, Bruce Duncan, Maria Ines Schmidt, Jaakko Tuomilehto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modified Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) score for predicting the risk of incident diabetes among white and black middle-aged Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study participants. Research Design and Methods We assessed 9,754 ARIC cohort participants who were free of diabetes at baseline. Logistic regression and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate a modified FINDRISC score for predicting incident diabetes after 9 years of follow-up, overall and by race/gender group...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321503/a-hybrid-libs-raman-system-combined-with-chemometrics-an-efficient-tool-for-plastic-identification-and-sorting
#12
K M Muhammed Shameem, Khoobaram S Choudhari, Aseefhali Bankapur, Suresh D Kulkarni, V K Unnikrishnan, Sajan D George, V B Kartha, C Santhosh
Classification of plastics is of great importance in the recycling industry as the littering of plastic wastes increases day by day as a result of its extensive use. In this paper, we demonstrate the efficacy of a combined laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)-Raman system for the rapid identification and classification of post-consumer plastics. The atomic information and molecular information of polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene, polypropylene, and polystyrene were studied using plasma emission spectra and scattered signal obtained in the LIBS and Raman technique, respectively...
March 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319680/first-genetic-evidence-of-coxiella-burnetii-in-cases-presenting-with-acute-febrile-illness-india
#13
Sanjay Kumar, Shefali Raj Gangoliya, Syed Imteyaz Alam, Satish Patil, Ganavalli Subramanya Ajantha, Raghavendra Dhirendra Kulkarni, Dev Vrat Kamboj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319029/highly-uniform-wafer-scale-synthesis-of-%C3%AE-moo-sub-3-sub-by-plasma-enhanced-chemical-vapor-deposition
#14
HyeongU Kim, Juhyun Son, Atul Kulkarni, Chisung Ahn, Ki Seok Kim, Dongjoo Shin, Geun Yeom, Taesung Kim
Molybdenum oxide (MoO<sub>3</sub>) has gained immense attention because of its high electron mobility, wide band gap, and excellent optical and catalytic properties. However, the synthesis of uniform and large-area MoO<sub>3</sub> is challenging. Here, we report the synthesis of wafer-scale α-MoO3 by plasma oxidation of Mo-deposited on Si/SiO<sub>2</sub>. Mo was oxidized by O<sub>2</sub> plasma in a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) system at 150 °C...
March 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318262/fluorescent-copper-probe-inhibiting-a%C3%AE-1-16-copper-ii-catalyzed-intracellular-reactive-oxygen-species-production
#15
Gulshan R Walke, Dnyanesh S Ranade, Shefali N Ramteke, Srikanth Rapole, Cristina Satriano, Enrico Rizzarelli, Gaetano A Tomaselli, Giuseppe Trusso Sfrazzetto, Prasad P Kulkarni
A variety of fluorescent probes are proposed to monitor the intracellular copper content. So far, none of the probes have been evaluated for their potential to inhibit copper-associated intracellular oxidative stress. Herein, we studied the ability of a fluorescent copper probe, OBEP-CS1, to inhibit intracellular oxidative stress associated with an amyloid β (Aβ) peptide-copper complex. The data showed that OBEP-CS1 completely inhibits the copper-catalyzed oxidation as well as decarboxylation/deamination of Aβ1-16...
March 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318205/antipsychotics-worsen-symptoms-in-patients-with-delirium-who-receive-palliative-care
#16
Nita Shrikant Kulkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317045/fibrolamellar-variant-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-presenting-during-pregnancy-management-dilemmas
#17
Nagalapuram Vishnu, Aditya V Kulkarni, Sreenivasan Vidhyalakshmi, Swaminathan Sambandam, Prerna Garg, Venkatakrishnan LeelaKrishnan, Krishnaveni Janarthan, Gursharan Singh, Maninder Kaur, T V Chitra, Biku Joseph John
The Fibrolamellar variant of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (FLHCC) is a rare form of liver cancer that presents in the 3(rd) decade of life, is rarely associated with cirrhosis or chronic Hepatitis B/C virus infection, and usually presents with normal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels. FLHCC presenting during pregnancy is extremely rare, with only 4 cases reported. We present a case of FLHCC in pregnancy and discuss the dilemmas in management. A 26 year-old primigravida, 26 weeks of gestation presented with a month's history of obstructive jaundice secondary...
February 2017: Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304218/comparative-effectiveness-of-flexible-versus-rigid-neuroendoscopy-for-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-and-choroid-plexus-cauterization-a-propensity-score-matched-cohort-and-survival-analysis
#18
Shelly Wang, Scellig Stone, Alexander G Weil, Aria Fallah, Benjamin C Warf, John Ragheb, Sanjiv Bhatia, Abhaya V Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV)/choroid plexus cauterization (CPC) has become an increasingly common technique for the treatment of infant hydrocephalus. Both flexible and rigid neuroendoscopy can be used, with little empirical evidence directly comparing the two. Therefore, the authors used a propensity score-matched cohort and survival analysis to assess the comparative efficacy of flexible and rigid neuroendoscopy. METHODS Individual data were collected through retrospective review of infants younger than 2 years of age, treated at 1 of 2 hospitals: 1) Boston Children's Hospital, exclusively utilizing flexible neuroendoscopy, and 2) Nicklaus Children's Hospital-Jackson Memorial Hospital, exclusively utilizing rigid neuroendoscopy...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303828/high-prevalence-of-cryptococcal-antigenaemia-amongst-asymptomatic-advanced-hiv-patients-in-pune-india
#19
Dileep Kadam, Ajay Chandanwale, Renu Bharadwaj, Neetal Nevrekar, Samir Joshi, Sandesh Patil, Nikhil Gupte, Shashi Sangle, Kavita Chopade, Vandana Kulkarni, Usha Balasubramanian, Nishi Suryavanshi, Divyashri Jain, Savita Kanade, Sujata Dharmashale, Anju Kagal, Amita Gupta, Vidya Mave
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends routine cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) screening in advanced AIDS patients initiating antiretroviral treatment (ART). India has yet to adopt this strategy as the burden of cryptococcal antigenaemia is unknown. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a large public sector ART centre and the inpatient wards of Sassoon Hospital, Pune, India. All consenting patients> 18 years of age with CD4 count <100 cells/mm3 were screened for CrAg by latex agglutination assay...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303812/global-eradication-of-measles-are-we-poised
#20
REVIEW
Raghavendra D Kulkarni, G S Ajantha, Aithal R Kiran, K R Pravinchandra
Measles, a highly infectious viral disease is the next target for eradication following poliovirus. Decades of experience with highly effective vaccination has invigorated us to take on this virus. The task is not only Titanic but is laced with intricate issues. Recently, an outbreak of fever with rash occurred on a tertiary care teaching hospital campus and was confirmed serologically as measles outbreak by IgMELISA. Therefore, we searched the literature related to outbreaks, transmission of the measles virus, age groups involved, vaccination strategies, vaccination failure and epidemiological features of the disease and reviewed the possible reasons for such outbreaks and problems in the global eradication of the virus...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
keyword
keyword
36608
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"