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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640678/hurricane-sandy-new-jersey-mortality-rates-in-the-following-month-and-quarter
#1
Soyeon Kim, Prathit A Kulkarni, Mangala Rajan, Pauline Thomas, Stella Tsai, Christina Tan, Amy Davidow
OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in mortality after Hurricane Sandy made landfall in New Jersey on October 29, 2012. METHODS: We used electronic death records to describe changes in all-cause and cause-specific mortality overall, in persons aged 76 years or older, and by 3 Sandy impact levels for the month and quarter following Hurricane Sandy compared with the same periods in earlier years adjusted for trends. RESULTS: All-cause mortality increased 6% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2%, 11%) for the month, 5%, 8%, and 12% by increasing Sandy impact level; and 7% (95% CI = 5%, 10%) for the quarter, 5%, 8%, and 15% by increasing Sandy impact level...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635638/antibiotic-concentrations-decrease-during-wastewater-treatment-but-persist-at-low-levels-in-reclaimed-water
#2
Prachi Kulkarni, Nathan D Olson, Greg A Raspanti, Rachel E Rosenberg Goldstein, Shawn G Gibbs, Amir Sapkota, Amy R Sapkota
Reclaimed water has emerged as a potential irrigation solution to freshwater shortages. However, limited data exist on the persistence of antibiotics in reclaimed water used for irrigation. Therefore, we examined the fate of nine commonly-used antibiotics (ampicillin, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, linezolid, oxacillin, oxolinic acid, penicillin G, pipemidic acid, and tetracycline) in differentially treated wastewater and reclaimed water from two U.S. regions. We collected 72 samples from two Mid-Atlantic and two Midwest treatment plants, as well as one Mid-Atlantic spray irrigation site...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633705/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-low-interferon-gamma-levels-in-pregnant-indian-women
#3
A Vaidya, R Bhosale, P Sambarey, N Suryavanshi, S Young, V Mave, S Kanade, V Kulkarni, P Deshpande, U Balasubramanian, J Elf, N Gupte, A Gupta, J S Mathad
SETTING: Over 20% of tuberculosis (TB) cases during pregnancy occur in India. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between household food insecurity and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) levels in pregnancy. DESIGN: Pregnant women in India were administered the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) questionnaire and underwent an IFN-γ release assay. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with food insecurity. RESULTS: Of 538 women, 60 (11%) had household food insecurity, 47 (78%) of which were moderate or severe food insecure...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633133/optically-stimulated-luminescence-study-in-rare-earth-doped-srbpo5
#4
Sonali Gaikwad, R R Patil, M S Kulkarni, S V Moharil
Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) was studied in rare earth doped SrBPO5 for the possible applications in radiation dosimetry using optically stimulated luminescence. The study shows that the sensitivity of the Eu doped SrBPO5 shows good OSL and the sensitivity is comparable to that of Al2O3:C. It is observed that annealing has a profound effect on the OSL sensitivity. Slowly cooled Eu doped sample shows highest sensitivity and is 77% compared to that Al2O3:C whereas lowest sensitivity is observed in the quenched sample...
June 9, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628858/unravelling-the-structural-interactions-between-pkr-kinase-domain-and-its-small-molecule-inhibitors-using-computational-approaches
#5
Sagar Barage, Abhijeet Kulkarni, Jayanta K Pal, Manali Joshi
The RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR), an eIF2α kinase plays an important role in anti-viral response, apoptosis and cell survival. It is also implicated to play a role in several cancers, metabolic and neurodegenerative disorders. A few ATP competitive inhibitors of the PKR have been reported in the literature with promising results in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this study was to unravel the structural interactions between these inhibitors and the PKR kinase domain using molecular simulations and docking...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627955/herpes-simplex-encephalitis-with-thalamic-brainstem-and-cerebellar-involvement
#6
Meenal Garg, Shilpa Kulkarni, Anaita Udwadia Hegde
Herpes simplex virus encephalitis is a common and treatable cause of acute encephalitis in all age groups. Certain radiological features such as temporal parenchymal involvement facilitate the diagnosis. The use of herpes simplex virus polymerase chain reaction has expanded the clinical and imaging spectrum. We report the case of a young patient who presented with a movement disorder and predominant involvement of thalami, brainstem and cerebellum on magnetic resonance imaging, and was diagnosed with herpes simplex virus encephalitis...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627942/diffusion-imaging-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-impact-accelerated-rodent-model-a-pilot-study
#7
Zora Kikinis, Marc Muehlmann, Ofer Pasternak, Sharon Peled, Praveen Kulkarni, Craig Ferris, Sylvain Bouix, Yogesh Rathi, Inga K Koerte, Steve Pieper, Alexander Yarmarkovich, Caryn L Porter, Bruce S Kristal, Martha E Shenton
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: There is a need to understand pathologic processes of the brain following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Previous studies report axonal injury and oedema in the first week after injury in a rodent model. This study aims to investigate the processes occurring 1 week after injury at the time of regeneration and degeneration using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the impact acceleration rat mTBI model. RESEARCH DESIGN: Eighteen rats were subjected to impact acceleration injury, and three rats served as sham controls...
June 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626504/comparing-healthcare-utilization-and-costs-among-medicaid-insured-patients-with-chronic-noncancer-pain-with-and-without-opioid-induced-constipation-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
Tope Olufade, Amanda M Kong, Nicole Princic, Paul Juneau, Rucha Kulkarni, Kui Zhang, Catherine Datto
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a common adverse effect of opioid use and has been associated with increased healthcare utilization and costs among patients receiving opioids for pain management. OBJECTIVE: To compare the healthcare utilization and costs of Medicaid patients with chronic noncancer pain with and without constipation who were receiving opioids. METHODS: This retrospective, claims-based study was conducted using data from the Truven Health MarketScan Medicaid Multi-State database...
April 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626243/characterization-of-an-aerosol-microconcentrator-for-analysis-using-microscale-optical-spectroscopies
#9
Lina Zheng, Pramod Kulkarni, Konstantinos Zavvos, Huayan Liang, M Eileen Birch, Dionysios D Dionysiou
Efficient microconcentration of aerosols to a substrate is essential for effectively coupling the collected particles to microscale optical spectroscopies such as laser-induced or spark microplasma, or micro-Raman or infrared spectroscopies. In this study, we present detailed characterization of a corona-based aerosol microconcentration technique developed previously (Diwakar and Kulkarni, 2012). The method involves two coaxial electrodes separated by a few millimeters, one held at a high electrical potential and the other grounded...
February 2017: Journal of Aerosol Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625136/using-%C3%AE-amino-acids-and-%C3%AE-peptide-templates-to-create-bioactive-ligands-and-biomaterials
#10
Mark P Del Borgo, Ketav Kulkarni, Marie-Isabel Aguilar
β-Amino acids are being increasingly used in the design of bioactive ligands and more recently in the generation of novel biomaterials. Peptides containing either individual β-amino acid substitutions or peptides comprised entirely of β-amino acids, display unique properties in terms of their structural and/or chemical characteristics. β-Peptides form well-defined secondary structures that exhibit different geometries compared to the corresponding α-peptides. β-Peptides, including α-peptides containing only one or two β-amino acids, can be easily modified with different functional groups and are metabolically stable and, together with the predictable side chain topography, have led to the design of a growing number of bioactive β-peptides with a range of biological targets and therapeutic applications...
June 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621285/assessment-of-c-reactive-proteins-cytokines-and-plasma-protein-levels-in-hypertensive-patients-with-apical-periodontitis
#11
N Rashmi, Vineet Galhotra, Pallavi Goel, Jagadish P Rajguru, Satyendra K Jha, Kiran Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: Chronic apical periodontitis (CAP) manifests mostly as periapical radiolucency. Various inflammatory mediators play a significant role in the pathogenesis of apical periodontitis. In acute inflammatory conditions, C-reactive proteins (CRP) and fibrinogen show a rise in their concentrations. In chronic diseases with high inflammatory components, an increased prevalence of hypertension has been observed. Hence, we assessed the association of CAP and plasma levels of various inflammatory markers (CRP, interleukin 6 [IL-6], and fibrinogen) in severely hypertensive patients...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620756/preliminary-data-on-utility-of-subcutaneous-unfractionated-heparin-in-patients-with-deep-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#12
Girish Baburao Kulkarni, Abbas Masoom Mirza, Subasree Ramakrishnan, Veerendrakumar Mustare
Subcutaneous unfractionated heparin (SCUFH) has been proved effective in puerperal cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), but its efficacy in the more serious form of the disease such as deep CVT patients (DCVT) unreported. We describe the outcomes of 37 (isolated:combined: 11:26) patients of DCVT diagnosed by MRI, treated with SCUFH in a tertiary care stroke unit. It was a prospective observational cohort study using 5000 U of SCUFH every 6 hourly for 10 days with oral Acenocoumarol started on day 7, with monitoring...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618929/anti-tumorigenic-effects-of-a-novel-digitoxin-derivative-on-both-estrogen-receptor-positive-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#13
Yogesh M Kulkarni, Juan S Yakisich, Neelam Azad, Rajkumar Venkatadri, Vivek Kaushik, George O'Doherty, Anand Krishnan V Iyer
While there are targeted treatments for triple positive breast cancers, lack of specific biomarkers for triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) has hindered the development of therapies for this subset of cancers. In this study, we evaluated the anticancer properties of cardiac glycoside Digitoxin (Dtx) and its synthetic analog MonoD on breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 (estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer) and MDA-MB-468 (triple-negative breast cancer). Both cardiac glycosides, at concentrations within the therapeutic range, increased the fraction of cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle, decreased viability, and inhibited the migration of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cells...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615632/genome-wide-analysis-suggests-a-differential-microrna-signature-associated-with-normal-and-diabetic-human-corneal-limbus
#14
Mangesh Kulkarni, Aleksandra Leszczynska, Gabbie Wei, Michael A Winkler, Jie Tang, Vincent A Funari, Nan Deng, Zhenqiu Liu, Vasu Punj, Sophie X Deng, Alexander V Ljubimov, Mehrnoosh Saghizadeh
Small non-coding RNAs, in particular microRNAs (miRNAs), regulate fine-tuning of gene expression and can impact a wide range of biological processes. However, their roles in normal and diseased limbal epithelial stem cells (LESC) remain unknown. Using deep sequencing analysis, we investigated miRNA expression profiles in central and limbal regions of normal and diabetic human corneas. We identified differentially expressed miRNAs in limbus vs. central cornea in normal and diabetic (DM) corneas including both type 1 (T1DM/IDDM) and type 2 (T2DM/NIDDM) diabetes...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614721/h3k36-methylation-regulates-nutrient-stress-response-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-by-enforcing-transcriptional-fidelity
#15
Stephen L McDaniel, Austin J Hepperla, Jie Huang, Raghuvar Dronamraju, Alexander T Adams, Vidyadhar G Kulkarni, Ian J Davis, Brian D Strahl
Set2-mediated histone methylation at H3K36 regulates diverse activities, including DNA repair, mRNA splicing, and suppression of inappropriate (cryptic) transcription. Although failure of Set2 to suppress cryptic transcription has been linked to decreased lifespan, the extent to which cryptic transcription influences other cellular functions is poorly understood. Here, we uncover a role for H3K36 methylation in the regulation of the nutrient stress response pathway. We found that the transcriptional response to nutrient stress was dysregulated in SET2-deleted (set2Δ) cells and was correlated with genome-wide bi-directional cryptic transcription that originated from within gene bodies...
June 13, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611503/exploiting-phosphate-starved-cells-of-scenedesmus-sp-for-the-treatment-of-raw-sewage
#16
Swati Yewalkar-Kulkarni, Gayatri Gera, Sanjay Nene, Kiran Pandare, Bhaskar Kulkarni, Sanjay Kamble
Phosphate depletion is one of the favorable ways to enhance the sewage water treatment with the algae, however, detailed information is essential with respect to internal phosphate concentration and physiology of the algae. The growth rate of the phosphate-starved Scenedesmus cells was reduced drastically after 48 h. Indicating cells entered in the stationary phase of the growth cycle. Fourier Transform Infrared analysis of phosphate-starved Scenedesmus cells showed the reduction in internal phosphate concentration and an increase in carbohydrate/phosphate and carbohydrate/lipid ratio...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610443/valorization-of-potato-peel-a-biorefinery-approach
#17
Pranav D Pathak, Sachin A Mandavgane, Nikhil Manoj Puranik, Swapnil Jaygopal Jambhulkar, Bhaskar D Kulkarni
Potato is the fourth main crop consumed worldwide and is an important constituent in the human diet. Consequently, potato is widely used in food-processing industries. However, these industries generate massive amounts of potato peel (PP) as a by-product, which is usually considered a waste, and is discarded. Interestingly, recent research suggests that PP is a valuable source of bioactive compounds, which can be converted into value-added products. In this study, we review the physicochemical composition and valorization of PP...
June 14, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610389/a-new-indian-record-and-morphological-variation-for-eulimnadia-khoratensis-rogers-et-al-2016-crustacea-branchiopoda-spinicaudata
#18
Sameer M Padhye, Mihir R Kulkarni
Eulimnadia Packard, 1874 is the most species rich and widely distributed genus within the Limnadiidae (Reed et al. 2015). Species identification relies primarily on egg morphology as adult morphological characters show high variability, sometimes within the same populations and hence of little use (Rabet, 2010; Rogers et al. 2012). Seven species are currently known from the Indian subcontinent (sensu Rogers & Padhye 2015) and SE Asia (Rogers et al. 2016). Of these, four species, viz. E. compressa (Baird, 1860), E...
May 15, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608364/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-application-of-propensity-score-methods-in-the-urology-literature
#19
Madhur Nayan, Robert J Hamilton, David N Juurlink, Antonio Finelli, Girish S Kulkarni, Peter C Austin
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether studies that used propensity score (PS) methods in the urology literature provided sufficient detail to allow scientific reproducibility and whether appropriate statistical tests were used to obtain valid measures of effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched OVID Medline and the Science Citation Index from inception to November 2016 to identify studies that used PS methods from 5 general urology journals. From each included article, we extracted pertinent information related to the PS methodology such as estimation of the PS, whether balance diagnostics were performed, and the statistical analysis performed...
June 13, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606623/the-interaction-between-alpha-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-and-nuclear-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-represents-a-new-antinociceptive-signaling-pathway-in-mice
#20
Giulia Donvito, Deniz Bagdas, Wisam Toma, Elnaz Rahimpour, Asti Jackson, Julie A Meade, Shakir AlSharari, Abhijit R Kulkarni, F Ivy Carroll, Aron H Lichtman, Roger L Papke, Ganesh A Thakur, M Imad Damaj
Recently, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), primarily activated by binding of orthosteric agonists, represent a target for anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug development. These receptors may also be modulated by positive allosteric modulators (PAMs), ago-allosteric ligands (ago-PAMs), and α7-silent agonists. Activation of α7 nAChRs has been reported to increase the brain levels of endogenous ligands for nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors type-α (PPAR-α), palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) and oleoylethanolamide (OEA), in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner...
June 9, 2017: Experimental Neurology
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