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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161471/peer-to-peer-mentoring-for-african-american-women-with-lupus-a-feasibility-pilot
#1
Edith M Williams, J Madison Hyer, Ramakrishnan Viswanathan, Trevor D Faith, Delia Voronca, Mulugeta Gebregzaibher, Jim C Oates, Leonard Egede
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and potential benefits of peer mentoring to improve the disease self-management and quality of life of individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Peer mentors were trained and paired with up to three mentees to receive self-management education and support by telephone over 12 weeks. This study took place at an academic teaching hospital in Charleston, South Carolina. Seven quads consisting of one peer mentor and three mentees were matched based on factors such as age, area of residence, marital and work status...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161204/effect-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-esophageal-or-junctional-cancer-results-from-the-randomized-cross-trial
#2
Bo Jan Noordman, Mathilde G E Verdam, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Maarten C C M Hulshof, Pieter van Hagen, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Bas P L Wijnhoven, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Geke A P Hospers, Johannes J Bonenkamp, Miguel A Cuesta, Reinoud J B Blaisse, Olivier R Busch, Fiebo J W Ten Kate, Geert-Jan M Creemers, Cornelis J A Punt, John Th M Plukker, Henk M W Verheul, Ernst J Spillenaar Bilgen, Herman van Dekken, Maurice J C van der Sangen, Tom Rozema, Katharina Biermann, Jannet C Beukema, Anna H M Piet, Caroline M van Rij, Janny G Reinders, Hugo W Tilanus, Ewout W Steyerberg, Ate van der Gaast, Mirjam A G Sprangers, J Jan B van Lanschot
Purpose To compare pre-agreed health-related quality of life (HRQOL) domains in patients with esophageal or junctional cancer who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) followed by surgery or surgery alone. Secondary aims were to examine the effect of nCRT on HRQOL before surgery and the effect of surgery on HRQOL. Patients and Methods Patients were randomly assigned to nCRT (carboplatin plus paclitaxel with concurrent 41.4-Gy radiotherapy) followed by surgery or surgery alone. HRQOL was measured using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and -Oesophageal Cancer Module (QLQ-OES24) questionnaires pretreatment and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postoperatively...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161199/intranasal-budesonide-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Gunnhildur Gudnadottir, Eva Ellegård, Johan Hellgren
Objective To study the efficacy of budesonide nasal spray on the health-related quality of life and symptoms among children with sleep-disordered breathing. Study Design Randomized, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Sixty children (ages, 4-10 years) who were referred because of snoring and/or apneas for >3 months were included between January 2015 and June 2016 and randomized in a double-blind design to treatment with 64 μg/mL of budesonide nasal spray (n = 30) or placebo nasal spray (n = 30) twice daily for 6 weeks...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161184/comparison-of-mental-health-treatment-status-and-use-of-antidepressants-in-men-and-women-with-eating-disorders
#4
Priyanka Thapliyal, Deborah Mitchison, Caroline Miller, Jacqueline Bowden, David Alejandro González-Chica, Nigel Stocks, Stephen Touyz, Phillipa Hay
Mental health treatment status and antidepressant use were investigated among men and women with an eating disorder (ED) who were interviewed in a general population survey of 3005 adults (aged ≥15 years). Compared to women, men with an ED were significantly less likely to receive treatment for a mental health problem or to be currently using an antidepressant. On multivariate analyses, female gender, lower mental health-related quality of life, and lower weight/shape overvaluation were significant predictors of receiving treatment and antidepressant use...
November 21, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161073/evaluating-public-health-interventions-7-let-the-subject-matter-choose-the-effect-measure-ratio-difference-or-something-else-entirely
#5
Donna Spiegelman, Polyna Khudyakov, Molin Wang, Tyler J Vanderweele
We define measures of effect used in public health evaluations, which include the risk difference and the risk ratio, the population-attributable risk, years of life lost or gained, disability-adjusted life years, quality-adjusted life years, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. Except for the risk ratio, all of these are absolute effect measures. For constructing externally generalizable absolute measures of effect when there is superior fit of the multiplicative model, we suggest using the multiplicative model to estimate relative risks, which will often be obtained in simple linear form with no interactions, and then converting these to the desired absolute measure...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161007/polymer-based-technologies-for-sensing-applications
#6
Wildemar Stefanio Pereira Carvalho, Menglian Wei, Nduka Ikpo, Yongfeng Gao, Michael J Serpe
Reports in the literature on the development of new chemical sensing technologies have been growing steadily in number for years. For example, a Web of Science topic search using the term "Chemical Sensing" revealed that over 8,000 papers were published in 2015-2017, with over 40,000 citations to those papers. In this review, we focus on highlighting recent examples of chemical sensing related to human health (e.g., disease diagnosis, health monitoring, and water/food safety), and for environmental monitoring...
November 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160918/impact-of-weight-loss-and-eating-difficulties-on-health-related-quality-of-life-up-to-10%C3%A2-years-after-oesophagectomy-for-cancer
#7
P Anandavadivelan, A Wikman, A Johar, P Lagergren
BACKGROUND: Severe weight loss is experienced by patients with eating difficulties after surgery for oesophageal cancer. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to asssess the influence of eating difficulties and severe weight loss on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) up to 10 years after oesophagectomy. METHODS: Data on bodyweight and HRQoL were collected at 6 months, 3, 5 and 10 years in patients who underwent surgery for oesophageal cancer in Sweden between 2001 and 2005...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160596/chronic-pain-and-opioid-abuse-factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Jermaine D Jones, Jonathan S Vogelman, Rachel Luba, Mudassir Mumtaz, Sandra D Comer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While research on the separate relationships between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and chronic pain, and HRQOL and opioid abuse has been sparse, even less work has investigated the factors associated with HRQOL in individuals who have both chronic pain and meet criteria for opioid use disorder. The data presented in this analysis should allow a better understanding the factors important to quality of life among this dual-diagnosed population. METHODS: Individuals with dual diagnoses of chronic pain and opioid use disorder were recruited for clinical research studies at Columbia University Medical Center...
November 21, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160458/health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-of-brazilian-primary-health-care
#9
Bruna de Oliveira Ascef, João Paulo Amaral Haddad, Juliana Álvares, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Ediná Alves Costa, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite, Micheline Rosa Silveira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of patients of the primary health care of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) and its associated factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015). Data were collected with a questionnaire that included the EuroQol 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) instrument...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159776/non-pharmacological-interventions-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-compression-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
María Paniagua-Collado, Omar Cauli
Spinal cord compression is a complex and challenging condition that greatly affects the quality of life. Non-pharmacological techniques have only been studied to a very lesser extent; although they are evidence to be beneficial. We performed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) analysis of the scientific literature in several databases (Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, Cuiden, Pubmed, Lilacs and Embase); using the following keywords: spinal cord compression, spine compression, mobilization, positioning, brace and bracing...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159750/general-health-related-quality-of-life-scores-from-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-obtained-throughout-the-first-year-following-diagnosis-predicted-up-to-10-year-overall-survival
#11
Hans Jørgen Aarstad, Arild Andrè Østhus, Helene Hersvik Aarstad, Stein Lybak, Anne Kari Hersvik Aarstad
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the 5- and 10-year survival prediction of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores obtained at diagnosis and at 6, 9 and 12 months after diagnosis in a cohort of curable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HNSCC patients (n = 109) reported their HRQoL measured by the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) general (C30) questionnaire. At diagnosis, the included patients were below 78 years of age and at diagnosis planned treated with curative intent...
November 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159738/prospective-assessment-of-first-year-quality-of-life-after-pelvic-exenteration-for-gynecologic-malignancy-a-french-multicentric-study
#12
A Martinez, T Filleron, P Rouanet, P Méeus, E Lambaudie, J M Classe, F Foucher, F Narducci, S Gouy, F Guyon, F Marchal, E Jouve, P E Colombo, A Mourregot, M Rivoire, N Chopin, G Houvenaeghel, I Jaffre, J Leveque, V Lavoue, E Leblanc, P Morice, E Stoeckle, J L Verheaghe, D Querleu, G Ferron
BACKGROUND: Pelvic exenteration remains one of the most mutilating procedures, with important postoperative morbidity, an altered body image, and long-term physical and psychosocial concerns. This study aimed to assess quality of life (QOL) during the first year after pelvic exenteration for gynecologic malignancy performed with curative intent. METHODS: A French multicentric prospective study was performed by including patients who underwent pelvic exenteration...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159405/management-of-tiny-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-a-comparative-effectiveness-analysis
#13
Ajay Malhotra, Xiao Wu, Howard P Forman, Charles C Matouk, Dheeraj Gandhi, Pina Sanelli
Importance: Unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) are relatively common in the general population and are being increasingly diagnosed; a significant proportion are tiny (≤3 mm) aneurysms. There is significant heterogeneity in practice and lack of clear guidelines on the management of incidental, tiny UIAs. It is important to quantify the implications of different management strategies in terms of health benefits to patients. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of routine treatment (aneurysm coiling) vs 3 strategies for imaging surveillance compared with no preventive treatment or routine follow-up of tiny UIAs...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158910/association-between-working-time-quality-and-self-perceived-health-analysis-of-the-3rd-korean-working-conditions-survey-2011
#14
Jaeyoup Jung, Gyuree Kim, Kyusung Kim, Domyung Paek, Sung-Il Cho
Background: Self-perceived health, a subjective assessment of one's health condition, is an important health indicator at the level of quality of life. In this study, working time quality refer to job factors with qualitative aspects of working time. This study was conducted to investigate the association between working time quality and self-perceived health in paid workers in Korea. Methods: In this study, 35,902 paid workers were analyzed based on the 3rd Korean working conditions survey...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158063/frailty-and-the-quality-of-life-in-hemodialysis-patients-the-importance-of-waist-circumference
#15
Nazanin Noori, Arti Sharma Parpia, Rajiv Lakhani, Sabrina Janes, Marc B Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: Frailty among the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population is highly prevalent and has been associated with mortality. Little is known about the relation of different aspects of body composition, a modifiable risk factor, with the risk of frailty in ESRD population. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one patients including 85 men and 66 women, aged ≥18 years with ESRD who had been receiving conventional maintenance hemodialysis (HD) for at least 3 months were included...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157931/alternatives-to-hysterectomy-the-burden-of-fibroids-and-the-quality-of-life
#16
REVIEW
Chelsea Fortin, Rebecca Flyckt, Tommaso Falcone
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumor in reproductive-aged women. While the majority of women are asymptomatic, those with symptoms may suffer from abnormal uterine bleeding, infertility, pelvic pain or pressure, and urinary dysfunction. Fibroids represent a significant healthcare burden for women and society as a whole. Women with fibroids have compromised overall quality of life and impairment in many specific domains including work productivity, sexuality, self-image, relationships, and social emotional and physical well-being...
October 20, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157922/development-and-electronic-validation-of-the-revised-cystic-fibrosis-questionnaire-cfq-r-teen-adult-new-tool-for-monitoring-psychosocial-health-in-cf
#17
Amparo Solé, Casilda Olveira, Ines Pérez, David Hervás, Vincent Valentine, Anick N Baca Yepez, Gabriel Olveira, Alexandra L Quittner
BACKGROUND: The Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised (CFQ-R+14) is a disease-specific, health-related quality of life instrument for cystic fibrosis (CF) patients ≥14years. We have developed a Spanish electronic version of the CFQ-R (e-CFQ-R+14 Spain). Our aim was to compare the paper and electronic versions and to validate the electronic version. METHODS: Fifty CF patients completed the study. All answered the paper and electronic versions on day 1 and repeated the e-CFQR version 15days later...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157872/effects-of-health-education-intervention-on-negative-emotion-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-laryngeal-cancer-after-postoperative-radiotherapy
#18
J Han, H Nian, Z-Y Zheng, M-M Zhao, D Xu, C Wang
PURPOSE: The study aimed to explore and analyze the effects of health education intervention on patients with laryngeal cancer and evaluate negative emotions and quality of life after receiving postoperative radiotherapy. Furthermore the relationship between health education intervention methods and its correlation to complications and relapse rates require greater understanding. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with aryngeal cancer receiving surgery and postoperative radiotherapy were randomly divided into observation and control groups...
November 17, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157465/dietos-a-dietary-recommender-system-for-chronic-diseases-monitoring-and-management
#19
Giuseppe Agapito, Mariadelina Simeoni, Barbara Calabrese, Ilaria Caré, Theodora Lamprinoudi, Pietro H Guzzi, Arturo Pujia, Giorgio Fuiano, Mario Cannataro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Use of mobile and web-based applications for diet and weight management is currently increasing. However, the impact of known apps on clinical outcomes is not well-characterized so far. Moreover, availability of food recommender systems providing high quality nutritional advices to both healthy and diet-related chronic diseases users is very limited. In addition, the potentiality of nutraceutical properties of typical regional foods for improving app utility has not been exerted to this end...
January 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157276/impact-of-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-ohrqol-in-an-obese-population-a-randomised-control-trial
#20
Samara S Basher, R Saub, R D Vaithilingam, S H Safii, Aqil M Daher, F H Al-Bayaty, N A Baharuddin
BACKGROUND: Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) is an important measure of disease and intervention outcomes. Chronic periodontitis (CP) is an inflammatory condition that is associated with obesity and adversely affects OHRQoL. Obese patients with CP incur a double burden of disease. In this article we aimed to explore the effect of Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy (NSPT) on OHRQoL among obese participants with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomised control clinical trial at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya...
November 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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