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health-related quality of life

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445941/palliative-radiotherapy-for-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Jeremy Tey, Yu Yang Soon, Wee Yao Koh, Cheng Nang Leong, Bok Ai Choo, Francis Ho, Balamurugan Vellayappan, Keith Lim, Ivan Wk Tham
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To review the efficacy and toxicity of palliative radiotherapy (RT) for symptomatic locally advanced gastric cancer (GC) and to determine the optimal RT schedule for symptom palliation. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and CENTRAL for eligible studies published from 1995 to 2015. Outcomes of interest were relief of bleeding, pain and obstruction. RESULTS: Seven non-comparative observational studies were included. There were large variations in RT dose and fractionation...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445835/economic-consequences-of-legal-and-illegal-drugs-the-case-of-social-costs-in-belgium
#2
Delfine Lievens, Freya Vander Laenen, Nick Verhaeghe, Koen Putman, Lieven Pauwels, Wim Hardyns, Lieven Annemans
BACKGROUND: Legal and illegal drugs impose a considerable burden to the individual and to society. The misuse of addictive substances results in healthcare and law enforcement costs, loss of productivity and reduced quality of life. METHODS: A social cost study was conducted to estimate the substance-attributable costs of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs and psychoactive medication to Belgian society in 2012. The cost-of-illness framework with prevalence-based and human capital approach was applied...
April 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445580/the-influence-of-social-support-and-coping-on-quality-of-life-among-elderly-with-age-related-hearing-loss
#3
Sarah Moser, Wolfgang Luxenberger, Wolfgang Freidl
Purpose: The consequences of hearing loss hinder the everyday life of older adults and are associated with reduced well-being. The research aim was to explore the influence of hearing problems, various coping strategies, and perceived social support on quality of life. Method: Sixty-five older adults with age-related hearing loss (≥55 years) in Austria participated and completed a paper-pencil survey with standardized questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (Ventry and Weinstein, 1982), Assessment for Coping and Stress (Laireiter, 1997), short form of the Social Support Questionnaire (Fydrich, Sommer, Tydecks, & Brähler, 2009), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Brief Version (World Health Organization, 1996)...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445443/nutrimiraging-micromanaging-nutrient-sensing-pathways-through-nutrition-to-promote-healthy-aging
#4
REVIEW
Víctor Micó, Laura Berninches, Javier Tapia, Lidia Daimiel
Current sociodemographic predictions point to a demographic shift in developed and developing countries that will result in an unprecedented increase of the elderly population. This will be accompanied by an increase in age-related conditions that will strongly impair human health and quality of life. For this reason, aging is a major concern worldwide. Healthy aging depends on a combination of individual genetic factors and external environmental factors. Diet has been proved to be a powerful tool to modulate aging and caloric restriction has emerged as a valuable intervention in this regard...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445438/reliability-and-validity-of-the-medical-outcomes-study-short-form-12-version-2-sf-12v2-in-adults-with-non-cancer-pain
#5
Corey J Hayes, Naleen Raj Bhandari, Niranjan Kathe, Nalin Payakachat
Limited evidence exists on how non-cancer pain (NCP) affects an individual's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to validate the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-12 Version 2 (SF-12v2), a generic measure of HRQoL, in a NCP cohort using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Longitudinal Files. The SF Mental Component Summary (MCS12) and SF Physical Component Summary (PCS12) were tested for reliability (internal consistency and test-retest reliability) and validity (construct: convergent and discriminant; criterion: concurrent and predictive)...
April 26, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445405/significant-tic-reduction-in-an-otherwise-treatment-resistant-patient-with-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-following-treatment-with-nabiximols
#6
Ahmad Seif Kanaan, Ewgeni Jakubovski, Kirsten Müller-Vahl
Early anecdotal reports and preliminary studies suggested that cannabinoid-based medicines such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are effective in the treatment of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (TS). We report a single case study of a patient with otherwise treatment-resistant TS successfully treated with nabiximols. Our patient was a 22-year-old male suffering from severe and complex TS. Treatment with nabiximols was commenced at a dose of 1 puff/day (= 100 μL containing 2.7 mg THC and 2.5 mg cannabidiol (CBD)) and slowly increased up to a dosage of 3 × 3 puffs/day (= 24...
April 26, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444980/adolescent-girls-with-asthma-have-worse-asthma-control-and-health-related-quality-of-life-than-boys-a-population-based-study
#7
Caroline Stridsman, Helena Backman, Britt-Marie Eklund, Eva Rönmark, Linnea Hedman
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies investigating health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among asthmatic adolescents are rare. Further, among subjects with asthma, HRQoL may be affected by asthma control and severity. AIM: To investigate HRQoL in relation to asthma control and asthma severity among adolescents. METHOD: As a part of the population-based OLIN pediatric study, 266 adolescents with current asthma (14-15 yr) were identified...
April 26, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444736/selective-progesterone-receptor-modulators-sprms-for-uterine-fibroids
#8
REVIEW
Ally Murji, Lucy Whitaker, Tiffany L Chow, Mara L Sobel
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids are smooth muscle tumours arising from the uterus. These tumours, although benign, are commonly associated with abnormal uterine bleeding, bulk symptoms and reproductive dysfunction. The importance of progesterone in fibroid pathogenesis supports selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs) as effective treatment. Both biochemical and clinical evidence suggests that SPRMs may reduce fibroid growth and ameliorate symptoms. SPRMs can cause unique histological changes to the endometrium that are not related to cancer, are not precancerous and have been found to be benign and reversible...
April 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444715/can-a-patient-reported-outcome-be-adequate-without-assessing-quality-of-life-in-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#9
REVIEW
Nikki Cotterill, Andrea Tubaro
AIMS AND METHODS: A think tank was convened at the sixth ICI-RS meeting held in the United Kingdom on September 2015, to consider the adequacy of patient reported outcome (PRO) measurement if quality of life (QoL) evaluation were excluded. Rigorous methodology is proposed for the development of PROs and much is written about this process but the necessity for QoL inclusion is rarely discussed. The decision was therefore taken to consider what QoL evaluation provides and what these data provide...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444552/income-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-prostate-cancer-patients-over-a-one-year-period-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-linear-mixed-model-analysis
#10
Jens Klein, Daniel Lüdecke, Kerstin Hofreuter-Gätgens, Margit Fisch, Markus Graefen, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
PURPOSE: To examine income-related disparities in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over a one-year period after surgery (radical prostatectomy) and its contributory factors in a longitudinal perspective. Evidence of associations between income and HRQOL among patients with prostate cancer (PCa) is sparse and their explanations still remain unclear. METHODS: 246 males of two German hospitals filled out a questionnaire at the time of acute treatment, 6 and 12 months later...
April 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444253/fear-of-falling-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-which-clinical-characteristics-are-important
#11
Hanan Khalil, Alham Al-Shorman, Khalid El-Salem, Nour Abdo, Alia A Alghwiri, Aseel Aburub, Sarah Shalabi, Firas Al-Mustafa
Background.: Fear of falling (FOF) is an important risk indicator for health related outcomes and quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, factors associated with FOF in MS are not well investigated. Objectives.: This study was done to explore predictors of FOF in this population. Methods.: Seventy relapsing remitting patients with MS were evaluated. FOF was assessed using Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I)...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444241/cervical-spine-muscle-tendon-unit-length-differences-between-neutral-and-forward-head-postures-biomechanical-study-using-human-cadaveric-specimens
#12
Saeed Khayatzadeh, Olivia A Kalmanson, Dale Schuit, Robert M Havey, Leonard I Voronov, Alexander J Ghanayem, Avinash G Patwardhan
Background: Forward Head Posture (FHP) may be associated with neck pain and poor health-related quality of life. Literature describes only qualitative muscle length changes associated with FHP. Objective: To quantify how muscle-tendon unit lengths are altered when human cadaveric specimens are placed in alignments representing different severities of FHP. Design: Biomechanical study using 13 fresh-frozen cadaveric cervical spine specimens (Occiput-T1, 54±15yrs)...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444208/adverse-impacts-of-chronic-pain-on-health-related-quality-of-life-work-productivity-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-community-based-study
#13
Kosuke Kawai, Alison Tse Kawai, Peter Wollan, Barbara P Yawn
Background.: Chronic pain has major clinical and social consequences. Few studies have examined any variation in the extent of impairment on quality of life and work productivity by site and type of chronic pain. Objective.: The objective of our study is to examine adverse impacts of chronic pain on physical and psychological health and work productivity. Methods.: Our community-population study was based on a phone-interview of adults with chronic pain, residing in Olmsted County, MN...
April 22, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443993/work-accidents-and-self-esteem-of-nursing-professional-in-hospital-settings
#14
Sérgio Valverde Marques Dos Santos, Flávia Ribeiro Martins Macedo, Luiz Almeida da Silva, Zelia Marilda Rodrigues Resck, Denismar Alves Nogueira, Fábio de Souza Terra
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the occurrence of work accidents and the self-esteem of nurses in hospitals of a municipality of Minas Gerais. METHOD: descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study developed with 393 nursing professionals from three hospitals of a municipality in southern Minas Gerais. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and a questionnaire to characterize the population and work accidents were used for data collection. Data analysis was performed using Person's chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test, Cronbach's alpha, odds ratio and logistic regression...
April 20, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443790/do-pilates-based-exercises-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-improve-postural-control-and-quality-of-life
#15
Aysenur Karaman, Inci Yuksel, Gizem Irem Kinikli, Omur Caglar
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective, randomized, controlled study was to investigate the effects of the addition of Pilates-based exercises to standard exercise programs performed after total knee arthroplasty on quality of life and balance. METHOD: Forty-six volunteers were divided into two groups. The control group (n = 17) was assigned a standard exercise program after discharge; the study group (n = 17) was assigned Pilates-based exercises along with the standard exercise program...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443687/experiencing-menopause-in-the-context-of-cancer-women-s-constructions-of-gendered-subjectivities
#16
Chloe Parton, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
OBJECTIVE: Many women experience premature menopause following cancer treatment, accompanied by psychological distress, and poor health-related quality of life. In this qualitative study, we examined how women construct their gendered subjectivities - their sense of self as a woman - in the context of premature menopause after cancer. DESIGN: We analysed data from open-ended survey items and semi-structured interviews with women who had experienced cancer. Six hundred and ninety-five women completed the online survey and 61 took part in a semi-structured interview...
April 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443170/relationships-among-disability-quality-of-life-and-physical-fitness-in-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-an-investigation-of-elderly-korean-women
#17
Saejong Park, Ho Sung Han, Gang-Un Kim, Sung Shik Kang, Ho-Joong Kim, Mihyun Lee, Soo Hyun Park, Kyu Hwan Choi, Sung-Ho Kim, Jin S Yeom
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional, case-control study. PURPOSE: To investigate associations between physical fitness measures and disabilities related to back pain and quality of life (QOL) by the presence of symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) in elderly Korean women. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: LSS leads to decreased functioning and reduced QOL. However, correlations among physical fitness, disability, and QOL have not been investigated in elderly women with LSS...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443162/novel-measurement-technique-for-the-sagittal-vertical-axis-and-its-clinical-application-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#18
Go Yoshida, Kenta Kurosu, Yu Yamato, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Tatsuya Yasuda, Daisuke Togawa, Yukihiro Matsuyama
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective physical measurement of the sagittal vertical axis (SVA). PURPOSE: To evaluate a simple method for measuring SVA by analyzing its relationship with radiographic measurements and clinical appearance. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: No studies have examined physical measurements using the cranial center of gravity (CCG) in a relaxed standing position. METHODS: The physical measurement of the horizontal distance between CCG and spina iliaca posterior superior (CCG-SIPS) was measured using a straight ruler in 252 healthy volunteers and 56 patients with adult spinal deformity...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443157/hepatic-encephalopathy-before-and-neurological-complications-after-liver-transplantation-have-no-impact-on-the-employment-status-1-year-after-transplantation
#19
Henning Pflugrad, Anita B Tryc, Annemarie Goldbecker, Christian P Strassburg, Hannelore Barg-Hock, Jürgen Klempnauer, Karin Weissenborn
AIM: To investigate the impact of hepatic encephalopathy before orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and neurological complications after OLT on employment after OLT. METHODS: One hundred and fourteen patients with chronic liver disease aged 18-60 years underwent neurological examination to identify neurological complications, neuropsychological tests comprising the PSE-Syndrome-Test yielding the psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score, the critical flicker frequency and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), completed a questionnaire concerning their occupation and filled in the short form 36 (SF-36) to assess health-related quality of life before OLT and 12 mo after OLT, if possible...
April 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442936/factors-influencing-maternal-mortality-among-rural-communities-in-southwestern-nigeria
#20
Dominic Ezinwa Azuh, Akunna Ebere Azuh, Emeka Joshua Iweala, Davies Adeloye, Moses Akanbi, Raphael C Mordi
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and morbidity reflect the status of population health and quality of life across nations. Poor understanding of the interplay of many antecedent factors, including sociocultural, economic and logistic factors, combined with an overwhelming poor health services delivery, is a basic challenge in several countries, particularly in rural settings where functional health care services are relatively scarce. There are still uncertainties as to the extent of this burden, owing to current challenges with information and data collation...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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