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health-related quality of life

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108877/a-moderated-mediation-model-of-hiv-related-stigma-depression-and-social-support-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-incarcerated-malaysian-men-with-hiv-and-opioid-dependence
#1
Roman Shrestha, Michael Copenhaver, Alexander R Bazazi, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Archana Krishnan, Frederick L Altice
Although it is well established that HIV-related stigma, depression, and lack of social support are negatively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV (PLH), no studies to date have examined how these psychosocial factors interact with each other and affect HRQoL among incarcerated PLH. We, therefore, incorporated a moderated mediation model (MMM) to explore whether depression mediates the effect of HIV-related stigma on HRQoL as a function of the underlying level of social support...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108621/are-physical-measures-related-to-patient-centred-outcomes-in-ards-survivors
#2
Kitty S Chan, Lisa Aronson Friedman, Victor D Dinglas, Catherine L Hough, Carl Shanholtz, E Wesley Ely, Peter E Morris, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, James C Jackson, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
OBJECTIVE: To inform selection of physical measures for studies of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors within 12 months of ARDS. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from 6-month survivors participating in a US multicentre prospective study (ARDSNet Long-Term Outcome Study, N=134) or a multisite prospective study in Baltimore, Maryland, USA (Improving Care of Acute Lung Injury Patients, N=99). Physical measures, assessed at 6-month follow-up, were categorised according to the WHO's International Classification of Disability and Health: body functions and structures, activity and participation...
January 20, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108464/lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-and-quality-of-life-among-older-individuals-in-the-community
#3
Aozhou Wu, Josef Coresh, Elizabeth Selvin, Hirofumi Tanaka, Gerardo Heiss, Alan T Hirsch, Bernard G Jaar, Kunihiro Matsushita
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the association of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease with quality of life (QOL) is mainly from selected clinical populations or relatively small clinical cohorts. Thus, we investigated this association in community-derived populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data of 5115 participants aged 66 to 90 years from visit 5 (2011-2013) of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, we quantified the associations of ankle-brachial index (ABI) with several QOL parameters, including 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), after accounting for potential confounders using linear and logistic regression models...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107900/quality-of-sleep-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-patients-on-hemodialysis
#4
Paraskevi G Liaveri, Dimitris Dikeos, Ioannis Ilias, Eirini P Lygkoni, Ioannis N Boletis, Chryssanthi Skalioti, Thomas Paparrigopoulos
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease and they may not always subside after kidney transplantation. AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-reported quality of sleep, insomnia problems in particular, and examine the factors that disturb sleep of kidney transplant recipients (KTx: n=152) in comparison to age- and sex-matched patients on dialysis (HD: n=67) and participants with normal renal function (NOR: n=49), through the administration of the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) at least six months after transplantation...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107575/spanish-version-of-actinic-keratosis-quality-of-life-questionnaire-akqol
#5
I Alarcon, G R Vinding, K B Christensen, S Esmann, J Malvehy, S Puig, G B E Jemec
BACKGROUND: Patient Reported Outcome Measures are very important outcomes. For specific diseases Health Related Quality of Life-instruments (HRQoL) are increasingly used to provide data on patients' overall perceptions of the course of a given disease. Actinic keratoses (AKs) are common keratotic lesions that occur on chronically sunlight-exposed skin. Only few studies regarding HRQoL in AKs have been made. OBJECTIVE: In order to be able to compare HRQoL among different countries and cultures we aimed to translate and validate the Actinic Keratosis Quality of Life (AKQoL) questionnaire into Spanish and quantify the impairment caused by AKs in Spanish patients...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107372/cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-the-reform-trial
#6
Sarah Cockayne, Joy Adamson, Arabella Clarke, Belen Corbacho, Caroline Fairhurst, Lorraine Green, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Anne-Maree Kenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony C Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of morbidity among older people. A multifaceted podiatry intervention may reduce the risk of falling. This study evaluated such an intervention. DESIGN: Pragmatic cohort randomised controlled trial in England and Ireland. 1010 participants were randomised (493 to the Intervention group and 517 to Usual Care) to either: a podiatry intervention, including foot and ankle exercises, foot orthoses and, if required, new footwear, and a falls prevention leaflet or usual podiatry treatment plus a falls prevention leaflet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105733/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#7
REVIEW
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Nan Nitra Than, Han Ni, Jaspal Singh, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic chronic haemolytic and pro-inflammatory disorder. The clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease result from the presence of mutations on the beta globin genes that generate an abnormal haemoglobin product (called haemoglobin S) within the red blood cell. Sickle cell disease can lead to many complications such as acute chest syndrome, stroke, acute and chronic bone complications (including painful vaso-occlusive crisis, osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis and osteoporosis)...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104988/health-related-quality-of-life-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-patients-with-noncardiac-chest-pain-emphasis-on-the-role-of-psychological-distress
#8
Lei Zhang, Lei Tu, Jie Chen, Jun Song, Tao Bai, Xue-Lian Xiang, Rui-Yun Wang, Xiao-Hua Hou
AIM: To investigate the effects of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life (QoL) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients and those suffering from cardiac (CCP) and noncardiac (NCCP) chest pain in Wuhan, China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 358 consecutive patients with GERD were enrolled in Wuhan, China, of which 176 subjects had complaints of chest pain. Those with chest pain underwent coronary angiography and were divided into a CCP group (52 cases) and NCCP group (124 cases)...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104987/estimation-of-quality-of-life-in-cypriot-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Maria Tsoukka, Eleni Jelastopulu, Giagkos Lavranos, George Charalambous
AIM: To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients suffering with idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: The Greek validated version of the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire was used for evaluating the quality of life of IBD patients. The questionnaire was distributed to 100 consecutive patients suffering from IBD and presenting for a clinic appointment at the endoscopy unit of Larnaca General Hospital during the period from October to November 2012...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104697/male-birthweight-semen-quality-and-birth-outcomes
#10
B W Whitcomb, M S Bloom, S Kim, Z Chen, G M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: What are the relations among birthweight (BW), semen parameters and birth outcomes in a population-based sample? SUMMARY ANSWER: BW is unrelated to semen parameters, which are in turn unrelated to birth outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In clinical settings, there has been suggestion that semen parameters are related to BW when comparing fertile and infertile men; however, findings have been less clear in more general populations...
January 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104548/six-month-outcomes-among-socially-marginalized-alcohol-and-drug-users-attending-a-drop-in-center-allowing-alcohol-consumption
#11
Véronique S Grazioli, Susan E Collins, Sophie Paroz, Caroline Graap, Jean-Bernard Daeppen
BACKGROUND: Despite their experience of substance-related harm, few socially marginalized alcohol and other drug (AOD) users access substance use treatment. Thus, identifying alternative approaches for this population is important. This program evaluation documented substance use and health-related quality of life (QoL) following exposure to such an alternative approach: a harm-reduction drop-in center allowing alcohol consumption onsite. METHODS: Participants (N=85) were socially marginalized AOD users (e...
January 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104244/increased-risk-of-disordered-eating-in%C3%A2-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#12
Iris Lee, Laura G Cooney, Shailly Saini, Maria E Smith, Mary D Sammel, Kelly C Allison, Anuja Dokras
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the effects of EDs on health-related quality of life. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University practice. PATIENT(S): Women with PCOS (Rotterdam criteria; n = 148) and controls seen for routine gynecologic care (n = 106) from 2015 to 2016. INTERVENTION(S): Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire (PCOSQ)...
January 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103898/the-burden-of-amyloid-light-chain-amyloidosis-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#13
Martha Bayliss, Kristen L McCausland, Spencer D Guthrie, Michelle K White
BACKGROUND: Light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a rare disease characterized by misfolded amyloid protein deposits in tissues and vital organs, and little is known about the burden of AL amyloidosis on health-related quality of life. This study aimed to quantify the burden of AL amyloidosis in terms of health-related quality of life in a diverse, community-based sample of AL amyloidosis patients. RESULTS: The SF-36v2® Health Survey (SF-36v2), a widely used generic measure of health-related quality of life (using physical and mental summary scales and subscales assessing eight aspects of functioning and well-being), was administered as an online survey of AL amyloidosis patients with AL amyloidosis (ClinicalTrials...
January 19, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103876/the-norwegian-version-of-the-qolibri-a-study-of-metric-properties-based-on-a-12%C3%A2-month-follow-up-of-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Helene Lundgaard Soberg, Cecilie Roe, Cathrine Brunborg, Nicole von Steinbüchel, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: Consequences after Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affect the injured person's self-image and quality of life. The purpose was to assess the health related quality of life (HRQoL) at 12 months after a TBI in patients admitted to regional trauma centres, and to evaluate the metric properties of the Norwegian version of the Quality of Life After Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) questionnaire. METHODS: Two hundred four patients with TBI of all severities were included...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103872/the-use-of-the-eq-5d-y-health-related-quality-of-life-outcome-measure-in-children-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-psychometric-properties-feasibility-and-usefulness-a-longitudinal-analytical-study
#15
Des Scott, Gillian D Ferguson, Jennifer Jelsma
BACKGROUND: The EQ-5D-Y, an outcome measure of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in children, was developed by an international task team in 2010. The multinational feasibility, reliability and validity study which followed was undertaken with mainly healthy children. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-Y when used to assess the HRQoL of children with different health states. METHOD: A sample of 224 children between eight and twelve years were grouped according to their health state...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103847/exploring-healthcare-assistants-role-and-experience-in-pain-assessment-and-management-for-people-with-advanced-dementia-towards-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-study
#16
Bannin De Witt Jansen, Kevin Brazil, Peter Passmore, Hilary Buchanan, Doreen Maxwell, Sonja J McIlfatrick, Sharon M Morgan, Max Watson, Carole Parsons
BACKGROUND: Pain assessment and management are key aspects in the care of people with dementia approaching the end of life but become challenging when patient self-report is impaired or unavailable. Best practice recommends the use of observational pain assessments for these patients; however, difficulties have been documented with health professionals' use of these tools in the absence of additional collateral patient knowledge. No studies have explored the role, perspectives and experiences of healthcare assistants in pain assessment and management in dementia; this study provides insight into this important area...
January 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103828/housing-materials-as-predictors-of-under-five-mortality-in-nigeria-evidence-from-2013-demographic-and-health-survey
#17
Stephen Ayo Adebowale, Oyewale Mayowa Morakinyo, Godson Rowland Ana
BACKGROUND: Nigeria is among countries with high Under-Five Mortality (U5M) rates worldwide. Both maternal and childhood factors have been linked to U5M in the country. However, despite the growing global recognition of the association between housing and quality of life, the role of housing materials as predictors of U5M remain largely unexplored in Nigeria. This study, therefore, investigated the relationship between housing materials and U5M in Nigeria. METHODS: The study utilised the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103811/study-protocol-effect-of-playful-training-on-functional-abilities-of-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jari Due Jessen, Henrik Hautop Lund
BACKGROUND: Loss of functional capabilities due to inactivity is one of the most common reasons for fall accidents, and it has been well established that loss of capabilities can be effectively reduced by physical activity. Pilot studies indicate a possible improvement in functional abilities of community dwelling elderly as a result of short-term playing with an exergame system in the form of interactive modular tiles. Such playful training may be motivational to perform and viewed by the subjects to offer life-fulfilling quality, while providing improvement in physical abilities, e...
January 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103760/the-use-of-a-direct-manufacturing-prosthetic-socket-system-in-a-rural-community-in-south-africa-a-pilot-study-and-lessons-for-future-research
#19
Liezel Ennion, Anton Johannesson, Anthea Rhoda
BACKGROUND: Challenges exist with the provision of appropriate mobility assistive devices in rural areas. The use of the direct manufacturing prosthetic socket system is a possible solution to these challenges. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to test and explore the clients' perspectives with the application of this device. STUDY DESIGN: Within a mixed-methods approach, a longitudinal sequential explanatory design was applied. METHODS: The Orthotic and Prosthetic User's Survey was administered to explore the use of the direct manufacturing prosthetic socket system in terms of function, health-related quality of life and client satisfaction...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103704/quality-of-life-after-quitting-smoking-and-initiating-aerobic-exercise
#20
Erika Litvin Bloom, Haruka Minami, Richard A Brown, David R Strong, Deborah Riebe, Ana M Abrantes
Quitting smoking and aerobic exercise each improve health. Although smokers may be concerned that quitting smoking will reduce their quality of life (QOL), recent research has shown that cessation is associated with QOL benefits. Elements of smoking cessation interventions, such as exercise, may contribute to changes in QOL. However, it is unknown whether initiating exercise in the context of smoking cessation is associated with greater or different effects on QOL than smoking cessation alone. The current study is a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial (n = 61) of an exercise intervention for smoking cessation...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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