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emphysematous pyelonephritis

Harrison Torres, Pranav Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Urology Case Reports
Taiki Hayashi, Hitoshi Yanaihara, Hirofumi Kaguyama, Fuminari Hanashima, Hirofumi Sakamoto, Yoko Nakahira, Hirotaka Asakura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Urology Case Reports
Samuel J Davies, Joanna Dargan, Paul Sved
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Urology Case Reports
Sanjay Mhalasakant Khaladkar, Kunaal Mahesh Jain, Rajesh Kuber, Sidappa Gandage
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a life-threatening severe form of pyelonephritis usually occurring in patients with diabetes mellitus with or without obstructive uropathies in whom there is necrotizing infection leading to the gas production of an unclear mechanism involving the renal parenchyma and the collecting system. Necrotizing fasciitis is characterized by progressive necrosis of fat and fascia due to deep-seated infection of subcutaneous tissue. It has a fulminant course with considerable mortality...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Abhilash Koratala, Freddy R Malpartida, Xu Zeng
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a gas-producing, necrotizing infection involving the renal parenchyma and surrounding tissue that is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Common causative organisms include Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae . While most patients are being managed conservatively these days, nephrectomy may be needed in severe cases.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Omar Àvila, Jeronimo Cassanello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
Shimshon Wiesel, Anna Gutman, Jonah E Abraham, Militza Kiroycheva
Emphysematous pyelitis (EP) is a subclass of a life-threatening necrotizing infection of the urinary system called emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN). We report a case of an 81-year-old man with emphysematous pyelitis, which occurred after urinary tract instrumentation and resolved with conservative medical management. This case highlights the potential complications of urinary tract manipulation and the importance of a prompt diagnosis.
August 26, 2017: Curēus
Chang Seong Kim, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Eve Boakes, Deepak Batura
PURPOSE: To analyse the incidence and management of emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) in North West London and examine factors that influence immediate and 6-month outcomes with the aim of guiding future management. METHODS: This work analyses EPN cases from the London North West Healthcare NHS Trust from October 2006 to July 2015 (population ≈ 850,000). Diagnosis and stage were confirmed by computed tomography (CT). Demographic, clinical, biochemical and microbiological characteristics were assessed...
December 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
M Piraprez, M Ben Chehida, M Fillet
The emphysematous cystitis is a rare condition characterized by the presence of air in the wall and/or the bladder lumen. The clinical expression of this cystitis is variable. Some patients complain of abdominal pain or urinary symptoms. Other may present only pneumaturia or be totally asymptomatic. This condition is considered as potentially severe since it can lead to an emphysematous pyelonephritis with septicemia and septic shock. Peritonitis may also occur in case of necrosis and perforation of the bladder wall...
September 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
Carlos A Gomez, Daniel Vela-Duarte, Peter J Veldkamp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
Nabil Zeineddine, Wissam Mansour, Sandy El Bitar, Marco Campitelli, Neville Mobarakai
A 52-year-old male, with diabetes mellitus and alcoholic liver disease, presented to the Emergency Room for right flank pain of 3 days' duration, associated with dysuria. Physical examination revealed right flank tenderness with fever and hypotension; laboratory findings showed acute kidney injury and large blood and leucocytes in the urine. A CT abdomen and pelvis showed hydronephrosis of the right collecting system of a horseshoe kidney with air and hyperdense debris in the renal pelvis. Patient was treated for multisensitive Proteus mirabilis emphysematous pyelonephritis, and a right nephrostomy tube was inserted...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Leelavathi Venkatesh, Ramalingiah Karadakere Hanumegowda
INTRODUCTION: Pyelonephritis (PN) is a suppurative infection of the kidney, most commonly due to bacterial infection and may be either acute or chronic. Acute PN (APN) subdivided into uncomplicated and complicated. Severity of PN cannot be assessed by clinical or laboratorial parameters alone, radiological imaging such as Ultrasound (USG) abdomen, Computed Tomography (CT) is required to know the nature, extent and severity of disease and for planning interventions. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare clinical and biochemical parameters with radiological findings (USG/CT) among patients diagnosed to have PN...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ahmed Saadi, Haroun Ayed, Omar Karray, Walid Kerkeni, Abderrazak Bouzouita, Mohamed Cherif, Riadh Ben Slama, Amine Derouiche, Mohamed Chebil
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a necrotizing infection of the renal parenchyma and peri-renal tissues, characterized by the presence of air within the parenchyma of the urinary tract and peri-renal space. This is a severe complication, which involves the functional prognosis of the kidney and the patient's prognosis. The emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare complication of renal transplantation. Its gravity is linked particularly to the fragility of immunosuppressed patients. The authors report the case of an emphysematous pyelonephritis having occurred 9 months after transplantation in a patient 58 years...
July 28, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Manoj Kumar, Bimalesh Purkait, Ankur Jhanwar, Kawaljit Singh, Ankur Bansal, Satyanarayan Sankhwar
OBJECTIVE: To highlight changing trend of clinical spectrum, comparing management options and predictors of outcome of emphysematous pyelonephritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included patients who were diagnosed as emphysematous pyelonephritis between August, 2001 to July, 2015. We excluded other possible causes of gas in renal system. Baseline patient characteristics, clinical spectrum, serum and urinary biochemical parameters, radiological findings, management and outcomes were recorded...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
Khaled M Nada, Ibrahim El Husseini, Mohammad E Abu Hishmeh, Neerav S Shah, Nadezhda Ibragimova, Riyad Basir
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of emphysematous hepatitis which is a rare clinical entity, characterized by a fatal, rapidly progressive infection of the liver with a radiological appearance simulating emphysematous pyelonephritis and to help provide more data about the causative organisms and precipitating factors of this pathology. DATA SOURCES AND SYNTHESIS: Relevant literature was reviewed and, to the best of our knowledge, there is limited data regarding the pathogenesis, causative organisms, and management of this condition...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
Tetsuya Yokoyama, Seiji Shinozaki, Hidenobu Arimura, Keita Nakatomi, Hiroshi Wataya
Various adverse events can occur during antineoplastic therapy. A 67-year-old diabetic woman developed an emphysematous urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with chemoradiotherapy for lung cancer. She had received weekly carboplatin plus paclitaxel with thoracic radiotherapy and developed a fever on day 19. Computed tomography showed a large quantity of gas within the urinary tract. She was therefore diagnosed with emphysematous UTI. Poor diabetes control due to the weekly administration of dexamethasone, an existing urinary tract obstruction, and bone marrow suppression were involved in her serious infection...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Arinobu Fukunaga, Taisaku Nishihara, Yuka Kono, Keiyu Matsumoto, Takashi Matsuoka, Yoshio Sugino, Takuya Okada, Mutsushi Kawakita
Urosepsis is not uncommon and sometimes causes a critical condition including death. We retrospectivelyanaly zed the risk factors for mortalityin urosepsis. We treated 80 patients as urosepsis from 2010 to 2014 in our hospital. Five patients (6%) died within 30 days of hospitalization. The median age of the patients who died of urosepsis was 92 years (range, 83-95 years). The main causes of urosepsis were complicated pyelonephritis in 4 patients and emphysematous pyelonephritis in one. In the subgroup analysis of elderly patients over 75 years old, bad performance status and lower serum albumin were significantlyrelated to mortality(p =0...
May 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Kamal V Kanodia, Aruna V Vanikar, Shruti P Gandhi, Pranjal R Modi, Hargovind L Trivedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Andreas Schicho, Christian Stroszczynski, Philipp Wiggermann
Although high mortality rates have been reported for emphysematous pyelonephritis (EP), information on emphysematous cystitis (EC), which is less common, is sparse. Here, we report one new case of severe EC and 136 cases of EC that occurred between 2007 and 2016, and review information about the characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and mortality of these patients, and the pathogens found in these patients. The mean age of the 136 patients was 67.9±14.2 years. Concurrent emphysematous infections of other organs were found in 21 patients (15...
April 6, 2017: Clinics and Practice
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