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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919432/comparison-of-the-backjoy-sitsmart-relief-and-spine-buddy-lt1-h-c-ergonomic-chair-supports-on-short-term-neck-and-back-pain
#1
John Ward, Jesse Coats
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a needs assessment to determine whether short-term use of BackJoy SitSmart Relief and Spine Buddy LT1 H/C chair supports influences neck, upper back, and lower back pain. METHODS: Forty-eight college students (age, 27.5 ± 6.3 years; height, 1.72 ± 0.08 m; body mass, 78.7 ± 19.8 kg; time seated that day, 4.3 ± 2.8 hours; means ± SD) were recruited for this study. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to measure pain for the neck, upper back, and lower back regions...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862644/bilateral-experimental-neck-pain-reorganize-axioscapular-muscle-coordination-and-pain-sensitivity
#2
S W Christensen, R P Hirata, T Graven-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a large clinical problem where reorganized trunk and axioscapular muscle activities have been hypothesised contributing to pain persistence and pain hypersensitivity. This study investigated the effects of bilateral experimental neck pain on trunk and axioscapular muscle function and pain sensitivity. METHODS: In 25 healthy volunteers, bilateral experimental neck pain was induced in the splenius capitis muscles by hypertonic saline injections...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855716/kinematic-analysis-of-posterior-stabilized-total-knee-arthroplasty-during-standing-up-from-and-sitting-down-on-a-chair
#3
Takatomo Mine, Kenji Hoshi, Kazuyoshi Gamada, Koichiro Ihara, Hiroyuki Kawamura, Ryutaro Kuriyama, Ryo Date
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty is effective to regain quality of life. Standing up from and sitting down on a chair and stair stepping motion are important in daily living. We previously reported in vivo kinematics of this implant during a stepping exercise. The purpose of this analysis was to assess in vivo knee motion during standing up from and sitting down on a chair and determine the motion pattern in patients with the unique knee prosthesis. METHODS: A total of 15 patients implanted with Bi-Surface PS were assessed during standing up from and sitting down on a chair...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#4
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844315/the-influence-of-power-and-intimacy-sexual-motives-on-sexual-position-preference-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#5
Yin Xu, Yong Zheng
We examined the sexual motives underlying sexual self-labels among Chinese men who have sex with men. A total of 60 bottoms, 120 versatiles, and 48 tops participated in a Web-based survey. Our results showed that tops were more likely to desire exerting power over their partners during sex, while bottoms were more likely to desire being overpowered by their partners. There were no significant sexual self-label differences in the sexual motives of wanting intimacy and the desire for pleasure. The intimacy and power ratings differed across sexual activities and sex positions...
November 14, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833843/is-frequency-of-fast-food-and-sit-down-restaurant-eating-occasions-differentially-associated-with-less-healthful-eating-habits
#6
Michael A Close, Leslie A Lytle, Anthony J Viera
Studies have shown that frequency of fast food restaurant eating and sit-down restaurant eating is differentially associated with nutrient intakes and biometric outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine whether frequency of fast food and sit-down restaurant eating occasions was differentially associated with less healthful eating habits, independent of demographic characteristics. Data were collected from participants in 2015 enrolled in a worksite nutrition intervention trial (n = 388) in North Carolina who completed self-administered questionnaires at baseline...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833289/premenarchal-labia-minora-hypertrophy
#7
Karoon Agrawal, Pankaj Kumar Patel, Shamendra Anand Sahu
Labia minora hypertrophy is a relatively uncommon surgical entity being popularised in the realm of vulvovaginal plastic surgeries. Apart from the unaesthetic appearance of the hypertrophied minora, these cases are also associated with itching, hygiene problem, pain while sitting down, sports activities, difficulty in wearing tight clothing, bleeding and discomfort while or after sexual intercourse, social embarrassment, insecurity and psychological diminution of confidence and self-esteem. In a country like India, due to sociocultural reasons, patients hesitate to consult a doctor for such deformities...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803619/effect-of-different-seat-heights-during-an-incremental-sit-to-stand-exercise-test-on-peak-oxygen-uptake-in-young-healthy-women
#8
Keisuke Nakamura, Yuya Nagasawa, Shoji Sawaki, Yoshiharu Yokokawa, Masayoshi Ohira
'Sit-to-stand' exercise uses the repetitive motion of standing up and sitting down in a chair, a common activity of daily living. A new assessment using an incremental sit-to-stand exercise test employs an external sound to control the speed of standing-up and allows increases in work rate. The aims of the study were to examine the effect of different seat heights on peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) during an incremental sit-to-stand exercise and to assess any difference between peak VO2 values during incremental sit-to-stand exercise compared with a cycle ergometer test...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802263/seismic-evidence-for-a-cold-serpentinized-mantle-wedge-beneath-mount-st-helens
#9
S M Hansen, B Schmandt, A Levander, E Kiser, J E Vidale, G A Abers, K C Creager
Mount St Helens is the most active volcano within the Cascade arc; however, its location is unusual because it lies 50 km west of the main axis of arc volcanism. Subduction zone thermal models indicate that the down-going slab is decoupled from the overriding mantle wedge beneath the forearc, resulting in a cold mantle wedge that is unlikely to generate melt. Consequently, the forearc location of Mount St Helens raises questions regarding the extent of the cold mantle wedge and the source region of melts that are responsible for volcanism...
November 1, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773907/subacute-cerebellar-ataxia-with-amphiphysin-antibody-developing-in-a-patient-with-follicular-thyroid-adenoma-a-case-report
#10
Tomoki Hirunagi, Katsunori Sato, Masahiko Fujino, Keiko Tanaka, Yoji Goto, Kazuo Mano
The patient was a 61-year-old woman with thyroid enlargement since her 20s. She began to fall down repeatedly towards the end of June 2015. She was admitted to our hospital in the middle of August because of difficulty in walking. Upon admission, she presented with neck tremor and was unable to maintain a sitting position due to ataxia of the trunk and limbs. We studied serum anti-neuronal antibodies and obtained a positive result for anti-amphiphysin antibody (AMPH-Ab). Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed elevated protein levels and IgG index...
November 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751201/epidemiology-of-restaurant-associated-foodborne-disease-outbreaks-united-states-1998-2013
#11
K M Angelo, A L Nisler, A J Hall, L G Brown, L H Gould
Although contamination of food can occur at any point from farm to table, restaurant food workers are a common source of foodborne illness. We describe the characteristics of restaurant-associated foodborne disease outbreaks and explore the role of food workers by analysing outbreaks associated with restaurants from 1998 to 2013 reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System. We identified 9788 restaurant-associated outbreaks. The median annual number of outbreaks was 620 (interquartile range 618-629)...
October 18, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706121/reaction-to-the-sensory-integration-therapy-in-children-with-postural-stability-deficits
#12
Janusz Maciaszek, Natalia Kilan, Michal Bronikowski
BACKGROUND: The goal was to examine the influence of sensory integration therapy (SIT) on one leg standing in children with deficits of the postural stability. METHODS: 28 children 4 - 6 year old that could not stand on one leg for more than 20 seconds were randomly divided into control "C" and experimental "E" groups. Group "C" participated in standard classes in the kindergarten. Group "E" participated in sensory integration therapy (SIT) for 2 weeks, 5 times a week (additionally to the standard classes)...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677007/efficiency-of-physical-rehabilitation-on-postural-imbalance-after-stroke-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Aurelien Hugues, Julie Di Marco, Perrine Janiaud, Isabelle Bonan, Francois Gueyffier, Gilles Rode
OBJECTIVE: Balance disorders are frequently seen after stroke resulting in limited physical activities. The effects of current physical rehabilitations aiming at reducing postural imbalance are varied with low levels of evidence. OBJECTIVES: i) to determine the efficiency of physical rehabilitation methods on the recovery of postural imbalance in patients after stroke; ii) to assess which method is more effective when compared with one another. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Search strategy: we searched Medline, Embase, Pedro, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Pascal and Francis from inception to October 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668113/persistent-down-beating-torsional-positional-nystagmus-posterior-semicircular-canal-light-cupula
#14
Akihide Ichimura, Koji Otsuka
A 16-year-old boy with rotatory positional vertigo and nausea, particularly when lying down, visited our clinic. Initially, we observed vertical/torsional (downward/leftward) nystagmus in the supine position, and it did not diminish. In the sitting position, nystagmus was not provoked. Neurological examinations were normal. We speculated that persistent torsional down-beating nystagmus was caused by the light cupula of the posterior semicircular canal. This case provides novel insights into the light cupula pathophysiology...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667883/porcine-lie-detectors-automatic-quantification-of-posture-state-and-transitions-in-sows-using-inertial-sensors
#15
Robin Thompson, Stephanie M Matheson, Thomas Plötz, Sandra A Edwards, Ilias Kyriazakis
This paper presents a novel approach to automated classification and quantification of sow postures and posture transitions that may enable large scale and accurate continuous behaviour assessment on farm. Automatic classification and quantification of postures and posture transitions in domestic animals has substantial potential to enhance their welfare and productivity. Analysis of such behaviours in farrowing sows can highlight the need for human intervention or lead to the prediction of movement patterns that are potentially dangerous for their piglets, such as crushing when the sow lies down...
September 2016: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631655/what-could-posturography-tell-us-about-balance-problems-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Andrés Soto-Varela, Arne Ernst, Juan Pedro Rubio-Rodríguez, Sofía Santos-Pérez, Ángel Sesar, Miguel Alberte-Woodward, Mónica Guijarro-Del Amo, Elena San Román-Rodríguez, Ana Faraldo-García, Alfonso Zubizarreta-Gutiérrez, Dietmar Basta
OBJECTIVE: Impaired balance in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) leads to loss of balance and frequent falls. Computerized dynamic posturography allows the assessment of stance tasks whereas mobile posturography analyzes the balance in free-field conditions, where falls among PD patients commonly occur (e.g. sitting down or standing up). The aim of the present study is to assess postural stability in PD patients with both techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610382/device-training-for-individuals-with-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-cord-injury-using-a-powered-exoskeleton-for-technically-assisted-mobility-achievements-and-user-satisfaction
#17
Thomas Platz, Annett Gillner, Nicole Borgwaldt, Sylvia Kroll, Sybille Roschka
Objective. Results of a device-training for nonambulatory individuals with thoracic and lumbar spinal cord injury (SCI) using a powered exoskeleton for technically assisted mobility with regard to the achieved level of control of the system after training, user satisfaction, and effects on quality of life (QoL). Methods. Observational single centre study with a 4-week to 5-week intensive inpatient device-training using a powered exoskeleton (ReWalk™). Results. All 7 individuals with SCI who commenced the device-training completed the course of training and achieved basic competences to use the system, that is, the ability to stand up, sit down, keep balance while standing, and walk indoors, at least with a close contact guard...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575392/changes-in-heart-rate-during-third-molar-surgery
#18
M H J Hollander, J Schortinghuis, A Vissink
Anxiety is an undesirable psychological phenomenon. Patients are usually anxious when subjected to third molar surgery, but the pattern of anxiety is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the intensity and course of anxiety during third molar surgery. This study included 48 consecutive patients (mean age 25±6 years) who had a third molar removed surgically under local anaesthesia. The heart rate was monitored continuously during treatment as a measure of anxiety. Preoperative anxiety was scored with the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale...
August 26, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574335/frequency-of-eating-out-at-both-fast-food-and-sit-down-restaurants-was-associated-with-high-body-mass-index-in-non-large-metropolitan-communities-in-midwest
#19
Surabhi Bhutani, Dale A Schoeller, Matthew C Walsh, Christine McWilliams
PURPOSE: We investigated the associations between frequency of eating at fast-food, fast-casual, all-you-can-eat, and sit-down restaurants and the body mass index (BMI) in non-large metro Wisconsin communities. To inform prevention efforts, we also analyzed the socioeconomic/environmental and nutrition attitudes/behavior variables that may drive the frequent eating away from home. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of an ancillary data set from the Survey of Health of Wisconsin collected between October 2012 and February 2013...
August 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554648/prosociality
#20
Keith Jensen
Prosociality refers to behaviours that are intended to benefit others. This definition appears to be so straightforward that it hardly bears mentioning: like certain forms of adult entertainment, we know it when we see it. Yet, determining what counts as prosocial is not as simple as it first appears. There are numerous behaviours that appear prosocial but, on scrutiny, may not have been intended and motivated for the well-being of others. Consider a banal scenario: a seated passenger on a crowded bus stands up and someone takes his seat...
August 22, 2016: Current Biology: CB
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