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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769053/understanding-conversations-about-alcohol-between-parents-and-their-15-17-year-olds-a-qualitative-study
#1
Alexandra Sawyer, Lester Coleman, Richard Cooke, Lisa Hodgson, Nigel Sherriff
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing awareness that parents can play an important role in shaping their children's attitudes towards alcohol and use of alcohol. However, there has been little research exploring the conversations parents have with their children about alcohol. The present study aims to address this gap by exploring conversations between parents and their 15-17 year old children. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional qualitative design, recruitment took place over two phases to allow a purposive maximum variation sample of parents and young people...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769045/food-availability-and-food-access-in-rural-agricultural-communities-use-of-mixed-methods
#2
Linda K Ko, Cassandra Enzler, Cynthia K Perry, Edgar Rodriguez, Norma Mariscal, Sandra Linde, Catherine Duggan
BACKGROUND: Hispanics bear some of the highest burden of the obesity epidemic and the disparities gap is bigger among Hispanics in rural communities. This mixed methods study examined the objective and subjective assessment of food availability and food access in four rural, agricultural, and predominantly Hispanic communities. METHODS: In this convergent parallel mixed methods study, we used the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey (NEMS) of Food Stores and Restaurants to objectively assess 57 food stores and 69 restaurants in four rural agricultural communities in Washington State...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750315/mobilization-with-movement-and-kinesio-taping-in-knee-arthritis-evaluation-and-outcomes
#3
Hülya Altmış, Deran Oskay, Bülent Elbasan, İrem Düzgün, Zeynep Tuna
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of Mulligan mobilization with movement (MwM) and taping on function and pain intensity in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female patients aged between 40 and 70 years with knee OA participated in the study. The patients were divided into three groups and each group received different interventions. Group 1 received MwM and taping according to Mulligan's concept. Group 2 received MwM and placebo taping with no recovery effect and group 3 received placebo taping...
May 10, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750202/-geriactive-wearable-app-for-monitoring-and-encouraging-physical-activity-among-older-adults
#4
George Boateng, John A Batsis, Patrick Proctor, Ryan Halter, David Kotz
The ability to monitor a person's level of daily activity can inform self-management of physical activity and assist in augmenting behavioral interventions. For older adults, the importance of regular physical activity is critical to reduce the risk of long-term disability. In this work, we present GeriActive , an application on the Amulet wrist-worn device that monitors in real time older adults' daily activity levels (low, moderate and vigorous), which we categorized using metabolic equivalents (METs). The app implements an activity-level detection model we developed using a linear Support Vector Machine (SVM)...
March 2018: ... International Conference on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741492/energy-gap-opening-by-crossing-drop-cast-single-layer-graphene-nanoribbons
#5
Toyo Kazu Yamada, Hidetp Fukuda, Taizo Fujiwara, Polin Liu, Kohji Nakamura, Seiya Kasai, Amadeo Lopez Vazquez de Parga, Hirofumi Tanaka
Band gap opening of a single-layer graphene nanoribbon (sGNR) sitting on another sGNR, fabricated by drop casting GNR solution on Au(111) substrate in air, was studied by means of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) in ultra-high vacuum (UHV) at 78 K and 300 K. GNRs with a width of ~45 nm were prepared by unzipping double-walled carbon nanotubes (diameter ~15 nm) with ultrasonic method. In contrast to atomically-flat GNRs fabricated via the bottom-up process, the drop cast sGNRs were buckled on Au(111), i...
May 9, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735161/the-ipswich-microbreak-technique-to-alleviate-neck-and-shoulder-discomfort-during-microscopic-procedures
#6
Ananth Vijendren, Gavin Devereux, Aaron Tietjen, Kathy Duffield, Vincent Van Rompaey, Paul Van de Heyning, Matthew Yung
Neck and shoulder disorders are a considerable health problem amongst frequent microscope users. We aimed to investigate the neck and shoulder discomfort experienced during prolonged microscopic activity and to assess the benefits of minibreaks. A prospective crossover study was performed on 17 healthy volunteers sitting still while looking down a bench with and without the Ipswich Microbreak Technique (IMT). We used a subjective measure of time to fatigue and pain in the neck and shoulder regions as well as objective readings from a surface electromyogram (sEMG)...
May 4, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719847/characteristics-of-occupational-injuries-in-a-pharmaceutical-company-in-iran
#7
Abbas Rasouli, Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini, Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Ramin Ravangard
Objective: To prioritize occupational hazards in a Pharmaceutical Company in Iran using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a Pharmaceutical Company in Iran in 2017. All employees working in the administrative, production, installations and facilities, and laboratory units were studied using the consensus method (N=n=130 employees). A data collection form was designed for identifying the hazards using the Nominal Group Technique (NGT) method, as well as a pair-wise questionnaire was used for collecting required data in the quantitative phase...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662765/a-wearable-exoskeleton-suit-for-motion-assistance-to-paralysed-patients
#8
Bing Chen, Chun-Hao Zhong, Xuan Zhao, Hao Ma, Xiao Guan, Xi Li, Feng-Yan Liang, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Ling Qin, Sheung-Wai Law, Wei-Hsin Liao
Background/Objective: The number of patients paralysed due to stroke, spinal cord injury, or other related diseases is increasing. In order to improve the physical and mental health of these patients, robotic devices that can help them to regain the mobility to stand and walk are highly desirable. The aim of this study is to develop a wearable exoskeleton suit to help paralysed patients regain the ability to stand up/sit down (STS) and walk. Methods: A lower extremity exoskeleton named CUHK-EXO was developed with considerations of ergonomics, user-friendly interface, safety, and comfort...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621299/influence-of-seating-styles-on-head-and-pelvic-vertical-movement-symmetry-in-horses-ridden-at-trot
#9
Emma Persson-Sjodin, Elin Hernlund, Thilo Pfau, Pia Haubro Andersen, Marie Rhodin
Detailed knowledge of how a rider's seating style and riding on a circle influences the movement symmetry of the horse's head and pelvis may aid rider and trainer in an early recognition of low grade lameness. Such knowledge is also important during both subjective and objective lameness evaluations in the ridden horse in a clinical setting. In this study, inertial sensors were used to assess how different rider seating styles may influence head and pelvic movement symmetry in horses trotting in a straight line and on the circle in both directions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564923/behavioral-mapping-of-patient-activity-to-explore-the-built-environment-during-rehabilitation
#10
Jannette Maree Blennerhassett, Karen Nancy Borschmann, Ruby Adelaide Lipson-Smith, Julie Bernhardt
AIM: To explore the use of a rehabilitation-focused behavioral mapping method to identify changes in patient physical activity, location, and social interaction following the relocation of a rehabilitation ward. BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation wards are unique healthcare environments where patient activity is encouraged to improve recovery. Little is known about the impact of building design on patient behavior within a rehabilitation setting. We examined this issue when a rehabilitation ward was relocated without altering other aspects of the healthcare service...
January 1, 2018: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529966/ultrasound-guided-internal-jugular-vein-cannulation-in-the-obese-patient-in-a-forced-semi-sitting-position
#11
Anton A Kasatkin, Aleksandr L Urakov, Anna R Nigmatullina
INTRODUCTION: Central venous cannulation may be difficult in morbidly obese patients. We present a case of successful right internal jugular vein catheterization under real-time ultrasound guidance in an obese patient in a forced semi-sitting position. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old male patient with body mass of 182 kg (body mass index, 52.2 kg/m2 ) was admitted to the clinic 48 h after the trauma. The patient was in a forced semi-sitting position (37° head elevation)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507537/sedentary-behavior-and-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Elizabeth A Hubbard, Robert W Motl, Bo Fernhall
Background: Sedentary behavior is a pervasive public health concern in the general population. To date, little is known regarding the possible health risks associated with sedentary behavior in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), although this population has increased risks of comorbidities such as hypertension. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined the association between sedentary behavior and blood pressure (BP) in 31 patients with MS and 31 matched controls...
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503306/healing-skills-from-the-underserved-patient-perspective
#13
Kathleen M Nemer, Larry R Churchill
The purpose of this study was to identify physician actions that facilitate meaningful doctor-patient relationships, from the perspective of the medically underserved patient. Twenty-five patients were interviewed at the United Neighborhood Health Services Northeast Clinic in Nashville, Tennessee, which serves an underinsured patient population. Patients were asked to identify the qualities of engagement with their doctor that move beyond simple diagnosis and treatment. Interviews were audio-recorded, professionally transcribed, made anonymous, and analyzed by the grounded theory method of qualitative research...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482087/the-impact-of-hip-implant-alignment-on-muscle-and-joint-loading-during-dynamic-activities
#14
Casey A Myers, Peter J Laz, Kevin B Shelburne, Dana L Judd, Daniel N Huff, Joshua D Winters, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley, Paul J Rullkoetter
BACKGROUND: Component alignment is an important consideration in total hip arthroplasty. The impact of changes in alignment on muscle forces and joint contact forces during dynamic tasks are not well understood, and have the potential to influence surgical decision making. The objectives of this study were to assess the impact of femoral head/stem and cup component placement on hip muscle and joint contact forces during tasks of daily living and to identify which alignment parameters have the greatest impact on joint loading...
March 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474386/peak-oxygen-uptake-in-paralympic-sitting-sports-a-systematic-literature-review-meta-and-pooled-data-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Julia Kathrin Baumgart, Berit Brurok, Øyvind Sandbakk
BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in Paralympic sitting sports athletes represents their maximal ability to deliver energy aerobically in an upper-body mode, with values being influenced by sex, disability-related physiological limitations, sport-specific demands, training status and how they are tested. OBJECTIVES: To identify VO2peak values in Paralympic sitting sports, examine between-sports differences and within-sports variations in VO2peak and determine the influence of sex, age, body-mass, disability and test-mode on VO2peak...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447070/reading-your-mind-while-you-are-reading-evidence-for-spontaneous-visuospatial-perspective-taking-during-a-semantic-categorization-task
#16
Martin Freundlieb, Ágnes M Kovács, Natalie Sebanz
Recent studies have demonstrated people's propensity to adopt others' visuospatial perspectives (VSPs) in a shared physical context. The present study investigated whether spontaneous VSP taking occurs in mental space where another person's perspective matters for mental activities rather than physical actions. Participants sat at a 90° angle to a confederate and performed a semantic categorization task on written words. From the participants' point of view, words were always displayed vertically, while for the confederate, these words appeared either the right way up or upside down, depending on the confederate's sitting position...
April 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430745/liquid-crystalline-dynamic-networks-doped-with-gold-nanorods-showing-enhanced-photocontrol-of-actuation
#17
Xili Lu, Hu Zhang, Guoxia Fei, Bing Yu, Xia Tong, Hesheng Xia, Yue Zhao
A near-infrared-light (NIR)- and UV-light-responsive polymer nanocomposite is synthesized by doping polymer-grafted gold nanorods into azobenzene liquid-crystalline dynamic networks (AuNR-ALCNs). The effects of the two different photoresponsive mechanisms, i.e., the photochemical reaction of azobenzene and the photothermal effect from the surface plasmon resonance of the AuNRs, are investigated by monitoring both the NIR- and UV-light-induced contraction forces of the oriented AuNR-ALCNs. By taking advantage of the material's easy processability, bilayer-structured actuators can be fabricated to display photocontrollable bending/unbending directions, as well as localized actuations through programmed alignment of azobenzene mesogens in selected regions...
April 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426816/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-a-parent-focused-text-message-delivered-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-in-2-to-4-year-old-children-mini-movers-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Katherine L Downing, Jo Salmon, Trina Hinkley, Jill A Hnatiuk, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Despite public health guidelines to limit sedentary behavior, many young children spend large amounts of time sedentary (eg, screen and sitting time) during waking hours. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and efficacy of a parent-focused, predominantly text message-delivered intervention to support parents to reduce the amount of time their children spend in sedentary behavior. METHODS: Mini Movers was a pilot randomized controlled trial delivered to parents of 2- to 4-year-old children in Melbourne, Australia...
February 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413793/chronic-low-back-pain-and-back-muscle-activity-during-functional-tasks
#19
Maicom Lima, Arthur Sá Ferreira, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Vanessa Paes, Ney Meziat-Filho
There is evidence that patients with low back pain favor their trunk muscles when moving. However, it is unknown whether this maladaptive behavior is generalized across different functional tasks. This study analyzed the back muscle activity of patients with chronic low back pain compared to asymptomatic controls during five functional tasks. The secondary aim of this study was to test whether the electromyographic activity of patients' back muscles was correlated with either the TAMPA scale score or the Örebro Questionnaire...
March 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389508/nutrition-facts-panels-who-uses-them-what-do-they-use-and-how-does-use-relate-to-dietary-intake
#20
Mary J Christoph, Nicole Larson, Melissa N Laska, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Nutrition labels are a low-cost tool with the potential to encourage healthy eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To investigate correlates of frequent Nutrition Facts label use, describe the types of label information most often used, and measure how label use relates to dietary intake in young adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study of young adults participating in Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults-IV...
February 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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