keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sit down

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539008/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-without-epidural-anaesthesia
#1
REVIEW
Janesh K Gupta, Akanksha Sood, G Justus Hofmeyr, Joshua P Vogel
BACKGROUND: For centuries, there has been controversy around whether being upright (sitting, birthing stools, chairs, squatting, kneeling) or lying down (lateral (Sim's) position, semi-recumbent, lithotomy position, Trendelenburg's position) have advantages for women giving birth to their babies. This is an update of a review previously published in 2012, 2004 and 1999. OBJECTIVES: To determine the possible benefits and risks of the use of different birth positions during the second stage of labour without epidural anaesthesia, on maternal, fetal, neonatal and caregiver outcomes...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535061/sitting-phase-monolayers-of-polymerizable-phospholipids-create-dimensional-molecular-scale-wetting-control-for-scalable-solution-based-patterning-of-layered-materials
#2
Shi Wah Choong, Shane R Russell, Jae Jin Bang, Justin K Patterson, Shelley A Claridge
The use of dimensionally ordered ligands on layered materials to direct local electronic structure and interactions with the environment promises to streamline integration into nanostructured electronic, optoelectronic, sensing, and nanofluidic interfaces. Substantial progress has been made in using ligands to control substrate electronic structure. Conversely, using the exposed face of the ligand layer to structure wetting and binding interactions, particularly with scalable solution- or spray-processed materials, remains a significant challenge...
May 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526329/a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-time-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lissa Spencer, Renae McNamara, Susan Sims, Zoe McKeough
INTRODUCTION: Replacing sedentary behaviour with light intensity physical activity (ie, activities classified as less than three metabolic equivalents, such as slow-paced walking) may be a more realistic strategy for reducing cardiometabolic risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than only aiming to increase levels of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity. Behaviour change interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have not yet been developed or tested...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495841/lower-body-negative-pressure-decreases-non-invasively-measured-intracranial-pressure-and-internal-jugular-vein-cross-sectional-area-during-head-down-tilt
#4
William Watkins, Alan R Hargens, Shannon Baird, Erika Marie Clary, Brandon R Macias
INTRODUCTION: Long-term space flight induces a near visual acuity change in approximately 50% of astronauts. In some crew members, postflight cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressures by lumbar puncture are as high as 20.9 mmHg who demonstrated optic disc edema. CSF communicates through the cochlear aqueduct to affect perilymphatic pressure and tympanic membrane motion. We hypothesized that 50 mmHg of lower-body negative pressure (LBNP) during 15° head-down tilt (HDT) would mitigate elevations in internal jugular vein cross-sectional area (IJV CSA) and intracranial pressure (ICP)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494261/relationship-between-physical-performance-and-self-reported-function-in-healthy-individuals-across-the-lifespan
#5
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Claire E Hiller, Niamh Moloney, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Functional outcome measures in clinical trials of musculoskeletal conditions need to be meaningful to individuals. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between physical performance and self/proxy-reported function in 1000 healthy children and adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study (1000 Norms Project). METHODS: One thousand males and females aged 3-101 years, healthy by self-report and without major physical disability, were recruited...
May 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473281/linear-and-nonlinear-analysis-of-postural-control-in-frailty-syndrome
#6
Verena de Vassimon-Barroso, Aparecida Maria Catai, Marcele Stephanie De Souza Buto, Alberto Porta, Anielle Cristhine De Medeiros Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Adaptive postural control can be impaired in the presence of frailty syndrome, given that this condition causes homeostatic dysregulation in physiological systems. OBJECTIVES: To compare the center of pressure (CoP) displacements of non-frail, pre-frail, and frail elderly subjects in the standing position before and after postural transition of sitting and rising from a chair, using linear and nonlinear methods. METHODS: Forty-two elderly subjects were divided into 3 groups: non-frail (n=15), pre-frail (n=15), and frail (n=12)...
April 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444348/how-physically-active-are-people-following-stroke-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#7
Natalie A Fini, Anne E Holland, Jenny Keating, Jacinta Simek, Julie Bernhardt
Background: : Mobility limitations are common following stroke and frequently lead to poor participation in physical activity (PA). Purpose: : To describe PA across the various stages following stroke (acute, subacute and chronic). Data Sources: : Searches were conducted in five databases. Study Selection: : Eligible studies included participants with stroke whose PA was quantitatively measured for at least four hours in a single session...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442073/implications-of-pain-in-functional-activities-in-immediate-postpartum-period-according-to-the-mode-of-delivery-and-parity-an-observational-study
#8
Thalita R C Pereira, Felipe G De Souza, Ana C S Beleza
OBJECTIVES: To identify women's complaints about pain in the immediate postpartum of vaginal delivery and cesarean section; to measure the intensity of pain in postpartum women at rest and with selected movements and to compare the activity limitations in relation to the mode of delivery and parity. METHOD: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. Eighty-six women, in the immediate postpartum period after vaginal delivery (n=43) and cesarean section (n=43), were evaluated for physical discomforts and their difficulty in performing functional activities...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388939/auto-detection-and-segmentation-of-daily-living-activities-during-a-timed-up-and-go-task-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-using-multiple-inertial-sensors
#9
Hung Nguyen, Karina Lebel, Patrick Boissy, Sarah Bogard, Etienne Goubault, Christian Duval
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors have the potential to provide clinicians with access to motor performance of people with movement disorder as they undergo intervention. However, sensor data often have to be manually classified and segmented before they can be processed into clinical metrics. This process can be time consuming. We recently proposed detection and segmentation algorithms based on peak detection using Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) to automatically identify and isolate common activities during daily living such as standing up, walking, turning, and sitting down...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388808/needle-gauge-and-tip-designs-for-preventing-post-dural-puncture-headache-pdph
#10
REVIEW
Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez, Luis Muñoz, Natalia Godoy-Casasbuenas, Agustín Ciapponi, Jimmy J Arevalo, Sabine Boogaard, Marta Roqué I Figuls
BACKGROUND: Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is one of the most common complications of diagnostic and therapeutic lumbar punctures. PDPH is defined as any headache occurring after a lumbar puncture that worsens within 15 minutes of sitting or standing and is relieved within 15 minutes of the patient lying down. Researchers have suggested many types of interventions to help prevent PDPH. It has been suggested that aspects such as needle tip and gauge can be modified to decrease the incidence of PDPH...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378398/a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-on-unusual-sleep-postures-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-related-symptoms-in-people-with-down-syndrome
#11
H Kuroda, H Sawatari, S Ando, T Ohkusa, A Rahmawati, J Ono, M Nishizaka, N Hashiguchi, F Matsuoka, A Chishaki
BACKGROUND: People with Down syndrome (DS) often have sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Unusual sleep postures, such as leaning forward and sitting, are observed in people with DS. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of unusual sleep postures and their relationships with SDB-related symptoms (SDB-RSs), such as snoring, witnessed apnoea, nocturnal awakening and excessive daytime sleepiness. METHODS: A questionnaire, including demographic characteristics and the presence of unusual sleep postures, as well as SDB-RSs, was completed by 1149 parents of people with DS from Japan...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376044/effect-of-body-position-on-intraocular-pressure-in-silicone-oil-tamponade-eyes
#12
Jiandong Pan, Dan Cheng, Xiaofen Feng, Liya Zheng, Yugui Dong, Qiang Hou, Feng Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of body position on intraocular pressure (IOP) in silicone oil tamponade eyes. METHODS: This prospective study included 18 eyes from 18 silicone oil tamponade patients and 24 eyes from 24 healthy subjects. Intraocular pressures were measured by Accupen Applanation Tonometer sitting with face forward, sitting with face down, supine, nondependent lateral decubitus, dependent lateral decubitus, and prone positions. The IOPs in each position and the magnitudes of IOP change were compared between the silicone oil and normal groups...
April 3, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375093/research-on-the-influence-factors-of-the-fall-efficiency-of-the-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-cerebrovascular-diseases
#13
Weili Li, Ruilian Cheng
To investigate the fall efficiency and its influence factors of the hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES), Morse Fall Risk Assessment Scales (MFS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Tinetti Gait Analysis (TGA) were adopted and the combined ways of questionnaires and observation were utilized to investigate the 113 hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The fall efficiency of the geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases were 7...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369706/diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis-dish-and-impaired-physical-function-the-rancho-bernardo-study
#14
Wendy B Katzman, Mei-Hua Huang, Donna Kritz-Silverstein, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Deborah M Kado
OBJECTIVES: Investigate associations of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) with self-reported and measured physical function in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of data collected in 1992-96 from a longitudinal cohort. SETTING: Research clinic within a community. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling men (n = 630) and women (n = 961), mean age 71.5 years (SD = 10.8), from the Rancho Bernardo Study...
March 29, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367283/postdural-puncture-headache
#15
REVIEW
Kyung-Hwa Kwak
Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is a common complication after inadvertent dural puncture. Risks factors include female sex, young age, pregnancy, vaginal delivery, low body mass index, and being a non-smoker. Needle size, design, and the technique used also affect the risk. Because PDPH can be incapacitating, prompt diagnosis and treatment are mandatory. A diagnostic hallmark of PDPH is a postural headache that worsens with sitting or standing, and improves with lying down. Conservative therapies such as bed rest, hydration, and caffeine are commonly used as prophylaxis and treatment for this condition; however, no substantial evidence supports routine bed rest and aggressive hydration...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351022/reference-values-and-factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-healthy-adolescents-and-adults
#16
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Niamh Moloney, Claire E Hiller, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Insufficient attention has been given to individuals who report musculoskeletal symptoms yet experience minimal disability. OBJECTIVES: To examine musculoskeletal symptoms among healthy individuals, and compare demographic, psychological and physical factors between individuals with and without symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHOD: Data were from the 1000 Norms Project which recruited 1000 individuals aged 3-101 years...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349037/inpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-exercise-therapy-for-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-national-korean-questionnaire-survey
#17
Yong Gon Seo, Mi Ja Jang, Won Hah Park, Kyung Pyo Hong, Jidong Sung
Inpatient cardiac rehabilitation (ICR) has been commonly conducted after cardiac surgery in many countries, and has been reported a lots of results. However, until now, there is inadequacy of data on the status of ICR in Korea. This study described the current status of exercise therapy in ICR that is performed after cardiac surgery in Korean hospitals. Questionnaires modified by previous studies were sent to the departments of thoracic surgery of 10 hospitals in Korea. Nine replies (response rate 90%) were received...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333069/environmental-enrichment-in-kennelled-pit-bull-terriers-canis-lupus-familiaris
#18
Jenna Kiddie, Anna Bodymore, Alex Dittrich
Although social enrichment can be considered beneficial in helping dogs cope with the kennel environment, when taking individual needs into account, it places a large demand on the carers and may not be appropriate in under-resourced kennels. Some kennels are also designed in such a way that there is too much social interaction, in that individuals cannot choose to distance themselves from conspecifics. This study therefore aimed to assess the effects of easily accessible enrichment on the behaviour of kennelled Pit Bull Terrier type dogs rescued from a dog-fighting ring in the Philippines...
March 23, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287428/an-experimental-study-of-the-effects-of-external-physiological-parameters-on-the-photoplethysmography-signals-in-the-context-of-local-blood-pressure-hydrostatic-pressure-changes
#19
Hongwei Yuan, Sven Poeggel, Thomas Newe, Elfed Lewis, Charusluk Viphavakit, Gabriel Leen
A comprehensive study of the effect of a wide range of controlled human subject motion on Photoplethysmographic signals is reported. The investigation includes testing of two separate groups of 5 and 18 subjects who were asked to undertake set exercises whilst simultaneously monitoring a wide range of physiological parameters including Breathing Rate, Heart Rate and Localised Blood Pressure using commercial clinical sensing systems. The unique finger mounted PPG probe equipped with miniature three axis accelerometers for undertaking this investigation was a purpose built in-house version which is designed to facilitate reproducible application to a wide range of human subjects and the study of motion...
March 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269706/a-stimulation-driven-exoskeleton-for-walking-after-paraplegia
#20
Sarah R Chang, Mark J Nandor, Lu Li, Kevin M Foglyano, John R Schnellenberger, Rudi Kobetic, Roger D Quinn, Ronald J Triolo
An untethered version of a stimulation-driven exoskeleton was evaluated for its ability to restore walking after paralysis from spinal cord injury. The hybrid neuroprosthesis (HNP) combined a passive variable-constraint exoskeleton for stability and support with functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) to contract the paralyzed muscles to drive limb movement. This self-contained HNP was operated by an onboard controller that sampled sensor signals, generated appropriate commands to both the exoskeletal constraints and integrated stimulator, and transmitted data wirelessly via Bluetooth to an off-board computer for real-time monitoring and recording for offline analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
keyword
keyword
36595
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"