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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212491/food-ingestion-in-an-upright-sitting-position-increases-post-prandial-amino-acid-availability-when-compared-to-food-ingestion-in-a-lying-down-position
#1
Andrew M Holwerda, Kaatje Lenaerts, Jörgen Bierau, Will K W H Wodzig, Luc J C van Loon
Dietary protein digestion and absorption kinetics determine the post-prandial increase in muscle protein synthesis. We recently demonstrated that body position during feeding can modulate the post-prandial rise in plasma amino acid availability. Here we investigated whether protein ingestion in an upright sitting body position accelerates gastric emptying and improves dietary protein digestion and subsequent amino acid absorption compared with feeding in a supine lying body position. In a crossover design, eight young males (26±1 y, 24...
February 17, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167476/research-on-the-influence-factors-of-the-fall-efficiency-of-the-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-cerebrovascular-diseases
#2
Weili Li, Ruilian Cheng
To investigate the fall efficiency and its influence factors of the hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES), Morse Fall Risk Assessment Scales (MFS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Tinetti Gait Analysis (TGA) were adopted and the combined ways of questionnaires and observation were utilized to investigate the 113 hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The fall efficiency of the geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases were 7...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140356/spin-glass-behavior-in-frustrated-quantum-spin-system-cual2o4-with-a-possible-orbital-liquid-state
#3
R Nirmala, K H Jang, Hasung Sim, Hwanbeom Cho, Junghwan Lee, Nam-Geun Yang, Seongsu Lee, Richard Ibberson, Kazuhisa Kakurai, Masaaki Matsuda, Sang-Wook Cheong, V Gapontsev, S Streltsov, J-G Park
CuAl2O4 is a normal spinel oxide having quantum spin, S=1/2 for Cu2+. It is a rather unique feature that the Cu2+ ions of CuAl2O4 sit at a tetrahedral position, not like the usual octahedral position for many oxides. At low temperatures, it exhibits all the thermodynamic evidence of a quantum spin glass. For example, the polycrystalline CuAl2O4 shows a cusp centered at ~2 K in the low-field dc magnetization data and a clear frequency dependence in the ac magnetic susceptibility while it displays logarithmic relaxation behavior in a time dependence of the magnetization...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137928/efficiency-of-physical-therapy-on-postural-imbalance-after-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
A Hugues, J Di Marco, P Janiaud, Y Xue, J Pires, H Khademi, M Cucherat, I Bonan, F Gueyffier, G Rode
INTRODUCTION: Stroke frequently results in balance disorders, leading to lower levels of activity and a diminution in autonomy. Current physical therapies (PT) aiming to reduce postural imbalance have shown a large variety of effects with low levels of evidence. The objectives are to determine the efficiency of PT in recovering from postural imbalance in patients after a stroke and to assess which PT is more effective. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search several databases from inception to October 2015...
January 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118698/wearable-robotic-exoskeleton-for-over-ground-gait-training-in-sub-acute-and-chronic-hemiparetic-stroke-patients-preliminary-results
#5
Franco Molteni, Giulio Gasperini, Marina Gaffuri, Maria Colombo, Chiara Giovanzana, Chiara Lorenzon, Nico Farina, Giovanni Cannaviello, Stefano Scarano, Davide Proserpio, Davide Liberali, Eleonora Guanziroli
BACKGROUND: Recovery of therapeutic or functional ambulatory capacity in post-stroke patients is a primary goal of rehabilitation. Wearable powered exoskeletons allow patients with gait dysfunctions to perform over-ground gait training, even immediately after the acute event. AIM: To investigate the feasibility and the clinical effects of an over-ground walking training with a wearable powered exoskeleton in sub-acute and chronic stroke patients. DESIGN: Prospective, pilot pre-post, open label, non-randomized experimental study...
24, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110519/examining-the-nutritional-quality-of-food-and-beverage-consumed-at-melbourne-aquatic-and-recreation-centres
#6
Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Alexandra Chung, Marianne Khalil, Evelyn Wong, Ariana Kurzeme, Anna Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Examine the nutritional quality of food and beverages consumed across a sample of community aquatic and recreation centres in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Interviewer-administered surveys of randomly selected patrons attending four aquatic and recreation centres were conducted to ascertain food and beverage items consumed over two data collection periods (May-June 2014, January-February 2015). We selected centres in and around metropolitan Melbourne with a sit-down cafeteria and children's swimming classes...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100099/a-user-centered-qualitative-study-on-experiences-with-ankle-foot-orthoses-and-suggestions-for-improved-design
#7
Dymphy van der Wilk, Juha Markus Hijmans, Klaas Postema, Gijsbertus Jacob Verkerke
BACKGROUND: Improving ankle-foot orthosis design can best be done by implementing a user-centered approach. OBJECTIVE: To provide insight into the ideas of ankle-foot orthosis users with flaccid ankle muscle paresis on the importance of activities and suggestions for an improved ankle-foot orthosis design. STUDY DESIGN: A focus-group discussion with eight ankle-foot orthosis users (57 ± 5 years, 50% female). METHODS: Main inclusion criteria were as follows: ⩾18 years, unable to stand on tip-toe and unable to lift toes...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087545/predictors-of-public-support-for-nutrition-focused-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-strategies-in-los-angeles-county-2013
#8
Brenda Robles, Tony Kuo
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, federal and local agencies have invested broadly in a variety of nutrition-focused policy, systems and environmental change (PSE) initiatives in Los Angeles County (LAC). To date, little is known about whether the public supports such efforts. We address this gap in the literature by examining predictors of support for a variety of PSEs. METHODS: Voters residing in LAC (n=1007) were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional telephone survey commissioned by the LAC Department of Public Health...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#9
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027484/alcohol-use-screening-and-intervention-by-american-primary-care-providers
#10
Ethan Sahker, Stephan Arndt
BACKGROUND: Regular/chronic drinking, defined by five or more drinks in one sitting on each of five or more occasions in the past 30 days, is a significant problem contributing to negative health outcomes, morbidity, and mortality. Regular/chronic and heavy episodic drinking largely goes undetected by primary care providers due to a lack of screening and intervention. The present study explores the extent to which healthcare practitioners screen for alcohol use, provide interventions, and refer to treatment across different types of drinkers...
December 24, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005434/a-feasibility-study-on-smartphone-accelerometer-based-recognition-of-household-activities-and-influence-of-smartphone-position
#11
Vincenzo Della Mea, Omar Quattrin, Maria Parpinel
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are the most important risk factors for chronic diseases. The present study aimed at (i) developing and testing a method for classifying household activities based on a smartphone accelerometer; (ii) evaluating the influence of smartphone position; and (iii) evaluating the acceptability of wearing a smartphone for activity recognition. METHODS: An Android application was developed to record accelerometer data and calculate descriptive features on 5-second time blocks, then classified with nine algorithms...
December 22, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991482/the-effects-of-unstable-surface-balance-training-on-postural-sway-stability-functional-ability-and-flexibility-in-women
#12
Svetlana Nepocatych, Caroline J Ketcham, Srikant Vallabhajosula, Gytis Balilionis
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of balance training routine, using both sides utilized balance trainer (BOSU) and aerobic step (STEP) on postural sway and functional ability in middle-aged women. METHODS: Twenty-seven females participated in the study, age 40.6 ± 12.0 years, body mass 72.0 ± 14.0 kg, height 164.0 ± 7.7 cm, BMI 26.5 ± 4.5 kg/m2, and relative body fat 33.1 ± 7.4%. Participants were divided into two groups and performed progressive exercise routine on either STEP or BOSU for three weeks...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984474/importance-of-initiating-a-tummy-time-intervention-early-in-infants-with-down-syndrome
#13
Erin E Wentz
PURPOSE: This study compared differences in motor development in infants with Down syndrome beginning a tummy time intervention before 11 weeks of age and after 11 weeks of age. METHODS: Nineteen infants with Down syndrome participated in tummy time until they could independently transition in and out of sitting. Motor development was assessed monthly using the Bayley III Motor Scales and compared between the groups. RESULTS: A difference in motor development between early and late groups is apparent 1, 2, and 3 months following intervention initiation...
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940025/priming-biological-motion-changes-extrapersonal-space-categorization
#14
Chiara Fini, Lara Bardi, Nikolaus F Troje, Giorgia Committeri, Marcel Brass
Recent results have shown that the way we categorize space varies as a function of the frame of reference. If the reference frame (RF) is another person vs. an object, the distance is judged as reduced. It has been suggested that such an effect is due to the spontaneous processing of the other's motor potentialities. To investigate the impact of movement representation on space perception, we used biological motion displays as a prime for a spatial categorization task. In Exp. 1, participants were presented with a point-light walker or a scrambled motion, and then judged the location ("Near" or "Far") of a target with a human body or an inanimate object as RF...
January 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919432/comparison-of-the-backjoy-sitsmart-relief-and-spine-buddy-lt1-h-c-ergonomic-chair-supports-on-short-term-neck-and-back-pain
#15
John Ward, Jesse Coats
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a needs assessment to determine whether short-term use of BackJoy SitSmart Relief and Spine Buddy LT1 H/C chair supports influences neck, upper back, and lower back pain. METHODS: Forty-eight college students (age, 27.5 ± 6.3 years; height, 1.72 ± 0.08 m; body mass, 78.7 ± 19.8 kg; time seated that day, 4.3 ± 2.8 hours; means ± SD) were recruited for this study. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to measure pain for the neck, upper back, and lower back regions...
January 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862644/bilateral-experimental-neck-pain-reorganize-axioscapular-muscle-coordination-and-pain-sensitivity
#16
S W Christensen, R P Hirata, T Graven-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a large clinical problem where reorganized trunk and axioscapular muscle activities have been hypothesised contributing to pain persistence and pain hypersensitivity. This study investigated the effects of bilateral experimental neck pain on trunk and axioscapular muscle function and pain sensitivity. METHODS: In 25 healthy volunteers, bilateral experimental neck pain was induced in the splenius capitis muscles by hypertonic saline injections...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855716/kinematic-analysis-of-posterior-stabilized-total-knee-arthroplasty-during-standing-up-from-and-sitting-down-on-a-chair
#17
Takatomo Mine, Kenji Hoshi, Kazuyoshi Gamada, Koichiro Ihara, Hiroyuki Kawamura, Ryutaro Kuriyama, Ryo Date
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty is effective to regain quality of life. Standing up from and sitting down on a chair and stair stepping motion are important in daily living. We previously reported in vivo kinematics of this implant during a stepping exercise. The purpose of this analysis was to assess in vivo knee motion during standing up from and sitting down on a chair and determine the motion pattern in patients with the unique knee prosthesis. METHODS: A total of 15 patients implanted with Bi-Surface PS were assessed during standing up from and sitting down on a chair...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#18
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844315/the-influence-of-power-and-intimacy-sexual-motives-on-sexual-position-preference-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#19
Yin Xu, Yong Zheng
We examined the sexual motives underlying sexual self-labels among Chinese men who have sex with men. A total of 60 bottoms, 120 versatiles, and 48 tops participated in a Web-based survey. Our results showed that tops were more likely to desire exerting power over their partners during sex, while bottoms were more likely to desire being overpowered by their partners. There were no significant sexual self-label differences in the sexual motives of wanting intimacy and the desire for pleasure. The intimacy and power ratings differed across sexual activities and sex positions...
November 14, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833843/is-frequency-of-fast-food-and-sit-down-restaurant-eating-occasions-differentially-associated-with-less-healthful-eating-habits
#20
Michael A Close, Leslie A Lytle, Anthony J Viera
Studies have shown that frequency of fast food restaurant eating and sit-down restaurant eating is differentially associated with nutrient intakes and biometric outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine whether frequency of fast food and sit-down restaurant eating occasions was differentially associated with less healthful eating habits, independent of demographic characteristics. Data were collected from participants in 2015 enrolled in a worksite nutrition intervention trial (n = 388) in North Carolina who completed self-administered questionnaires at baseline...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
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