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Semen quality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822243/chrysin-induced-sperm-parameters-and-fatty-acid-profile-changes-improve-reproductive-performance-of-roosters
#1
Ali Sami Amin Altawash, Ahmad Zare Shahneh, Hossein Moravej, Mahdi Ansari
Having antioxidant and androgenic effects, Chrysin was orally administrated to roosters and reproductive performance including sperm quality and fatty acid composition, testis index, fertility and hatchability rates as well as blood testosterone concentration were assessed. Twenty eight 40-week-old Ross 308 roosters were individually housed, equally divided into four groups and received different levels of capsulated Chrysin including 0 (Ch0), 25 (Ch25), 50 (Ch50) or 75 (Ch75) mg/bird/day for 12 consecutive weeks...
August 5, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819220/nosema-ceranae-fipronil-and-their-combination-compromise-honey-bee-reproduction-via-changes-in-male-physiology
#2
Guillaume Kairo, David G Biron, Faten Ben Abdelkader, Marc Bonnet, Sylvie Tchamitchian, Marianne Cousin, Claudia Dussaubat, Boris Benoit, André Kretzschmar, Luc P Belzunces, Jean-Luc Brunet
The honey bee is threatened by biological agents and pesticides that can act in combination to induce synergistic effects on its physiology and lifespan. The synergistic effects of a parasite/pesticide combination have been demonstrated on workers and queens, but no studies have been performed on drones despite their essential contribution to colony sustainability by providing semen diversity and quality. The effects of the Nosema ceranae/fipronil combination on the life traits and physiology of mature drones were examined following exposure under semi-field conditions...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817889/re-semen-quality-impairment-is-associated-with-sexual-dysfunction-according-to-its-severity
#3
Craig Niederberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814533/dietary-selenium-deficiency-or-excess-reduces-sperm-quality-and-testicular-mrna-abundance-of-nuclear-glutathione-peroxidase-4-in-rats
#4
Ji-Chang Zhou, Shijie Zheng, Junluan Mo, Xiongshun Liang, Yuanfei Xu, Huimin Zhang, Chunmei Gong, Xiao-Li Liu, Xin Gen Lei
Background: Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) 4 and selenoprotein P (SELENOP) are abundant, and several variants are expressed in the testis.Objective: We determined the effects of dietary selenium deficiency or excess on sperm quality and expressions of GPX4 and SELENOP variants in rat testis and liver.Methods: After weaning, male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a Se-deficient basal diet (BD) for 5 wk until they were 9 wk old [mean ± SEM body weight (BW) = 256 ± 5 g]. They were then fed the BD diet alone (deficient) or with 0...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811063/sperm-quality-variables-as-indicators-of-bull-fertility-may-be-breed-dependent
#5
Jane M Morrell, Thanapol Nongbua, Sabina Valeanu, Isabel Lima Verde, Katrin Lundstedt-Enkel, Anders Edman, Anders Johannisson
A means of discriminating among bulls of high fertility based on sperm quality is needed by breeding centers. The objective of the study was to examine parameters of sperm quality in bulls of known fertility to identify useful indicators of fertility. Frozen semen was available from bulls of known fertility (Viking Genetics, Skara, Sweden): Swedish Red (n=31), Holstein (n=25) and Others (one each of Charolais, Limousin, Blonde, SKB). After thawing, the sperm samples were analyzed for motility (computer assisted sperm analysis), plasma membrane integrity, chromatin integrity, acrosome status, mitochondrial activity and reactive oxygen species...
August 7, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807164/effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-male-infertility
#6
Dan Jiang, Alberto Coscione, Lily Li, Bai-Yun Zeng
Male infertility normally refers a male's inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female partner after 1 year of unprotected intercourse. Male infertility in recent years has been attracting increasing interest from public due to the evidence in decline in semen quality. There are many factors contributing to the male infertility including abnormal spermatogenesis; reproductive tract anomalies or obstruction; inadequate sexual and ejaculatory functions; and impaired sperm motility, imbalance in hormone levels, and immune system dysfunction...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804963/effect-of-housing-system-on-reproductive-behaviour-and-on-some-endocrinological-and-seminal-parameters-of-donkey-stallions
#7
A Rota, M Sgorbini, D Panzani, F Bonelli, P Baragli, N Ille, D Gatta, C Sighieri, L Casini, M M Maggiorelli, C Aurich, F Camillo
Reproductive management of male donkeys employed for artificial breeding has been poorly studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of housing system, with the animals grouped together in a paddock or kept in individual boxes, on sexual behaviour, cortisol and testosterone concentration and seminal characteristics of adult male donkeys. The study included four Amiata donkey jacks (stallions) from which ejaculates, saliva and blood were collected during two distinct 3 weeks periods, one in the group and one in the box housing system...
August 14, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804928/the-comet-assay-for-detection-of-dna-damage-in-canine-sperm
#8
A F Pereira, P Borges, A Fontbonne, L Cardoso, I Gaivão, A Martins-Bessa
Sperm DNA integrity is a fundamental prerequisite in fertilization and embryo development. Among DNA integrity tests, the Comet assay is an accurate and sensitive test for the detection of sperm oxidative damage. The aim of this work was to evaluate sperm oxidative damage using the Comet assay and to study the correlation between Comet and routine assays for the evaluation of semen quality. Dogs were divided in two groups: group A (n = 6), comprising dogs with abnormal spermiogram, that is astheno-, terato- or oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT); and group B (n = 8), comprising normospermic dogs...
August 13, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802112/evaluation-of-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-for-freezability-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-fertility-of-nili-ravi-bubalus-bubalis-buffalo-semen
#9
R Ejaz, M S Ansari, B A Rakha, S Qadeer, A U Husna, S Akhter
Alpha linolenic acid (ALA) is integral component of cell membrane that protects the cell in stressful events and involves in many metabolic pathways. It was hypothesized that ALA have the ability to protect the structural and functional integrity of buffalo spermatozoa during freeze-thawing. Therefore, study was designed to evaluate ALA supplementation (0, 5, 10 and 20 ng/mL) in extender on freezability and in vivo fertility of buffalo bull spermatozoa. Semen from three adult Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls of similar age was collected with artificial vagina (42 °C) for five weeks (replicates; N = 30)...
July 27, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801955/single-layer-centrifugation-of-fresh-dromedary-camel-semen-improves-sperm-quality-and-in-vitro-fertilization-capacity-compared-with-simple-sperm-washing
#10
C Malo, E G Crichton, J M Morrell, B S Pukazhenthi, J A Skidmore
Single layer centrifugation (SLC) through a colloid is a tool for selecting viable mammalian spermatozoa but has not been used previously for fresh dromedary camel sperm. Semen from six camels (2 ejaculates/male) was diluted 1:5 (v:v) or 1:10 (v:v) in a Tris-citrate-fructose buffer for mechanical liquefaction by gentle pipetting. Following liquefaction, semen was processed either by SLC or by centrifugation without a colloid (control). Total and progressive motilities, CASA kinematics, vitality and acrosome integrity (eosin-nigrosin) and plasma membrane integrity (Hypo-osmotic swelling test; HOST), and fertilizing ability in a heterologous assay (zona-free goat oocytes) were evaluated...
August 12, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799828/molecular-characterization-and-comparison-of-phospholipase-c-zeta-plcz1-gene-between-swamp-bubalus-carabanensis-and-riverine-bubalus-bubalis-buffaloes-its-implications-and-future-perspectives
#11
Eufrocina P Atabay, Roseline D Tadeo, Edwin C Atabay, Emma V Venturina, Rafael A Fissore, Claro N Mingala
Phospholipase C zeta, a novel sperm-specific protein which is widely known to induce oocyte activation following fertilization, had already been characterized in various mammalian species, but not in water buffaloes thus far. The present study was conducted to initially characterize and compare the sequences of PLCZ1 gene of swamp and riverine buffaloes. Semen samples were collected; total RNA was extracted and reverse-transcribed. PLCZ1 cDNA was then amplified, and submitted for sequencing. Buffalo PLCZ1 gene yielded a sequence of 1905 base pair nucleotides translated into 634 bp amino acids...
August 11, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796631/endocrine-disruption-in-human-fetal-testis-explants-by-individual-and-combined-exposures-to-selected-pharmaceuticals-pesticides-and-environmental-pollutants
#12
Pierre Gaudriault, Séverine Mazaud-Guittot, Vincent Lavoué, Isabelle Coiffec, Laurianne Lesné, Nathalie Dejucq-Rainsford, Martin Scholze, Andreas Kortenkamp, Bernard Jégou
BACKGROUND: Numerous chemicals are capable of disrupting androgen production, but the possibility that they might act together to produce effects greater than those of the most effective component in the mixture has not been studied directly in human tissues. Suppression of androgen synthesis in fetal life has been associated with testis maldescent, malformations of the genitalia at birth, and poor semen quality later in life. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate whether chemicals can act together to disrupt androgen production in human fetal testis explants and to evaluate the importance of mixture effects when characterizing the hazard of individual chemicals...
August 4, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792084/genetic-control-of-complex-traits-with-a-focus-on-reproduction-in-pigs
#13
REVIEW
Louisa J Zak, Ann Helen Gaustad, Alfonso Bolarin, Marleen Broekhuijse, Grant A Walling, Egbert F Knol
Reproductive traits are complex, and desirable reproductive phenotypes, such as litter size or semen quality, are true polygenetic traits determined by multiple pathways. Each individual gene contributes to the overall variation in these traits, so genetic improvements can be achieved using conventional selection methodology. In the past, a pedigree-based-relationship matrix was used; this is now replaced by a combination of pedigree-based- and genomic-relationship matrices. The heritability of reproductive traits is low to moderate, so large-scale data recording is required to identify specific, selectable attributes...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782302/effect-of-in-vitro-selenium-supplementation-on-sperm-quality-in-asthenoteratozoospermic-men
#14
A A Ghafarizadeh, G Vaezi, M A Shariatzadeh, A A Malekirad
Sperm DNA damage, excessive oxidative stress and decrease in motility ‎may lead to low fertilisation or poor‎ assisted reproductive techniques outcomes in asthenoteratozoospermic ‎men. Selenium was considered as essential element for male reproductive functions. Selenium has important role in enzymatic process for elimination of excessive reactive oxygen species and helps to maintain membrane integrity. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of selenium supplementation on sperm quality, DNA fragmentation, mitochondrial membrane potential and membrane lipid peroxidation during sperm sampling in vitro at different times...
August 6, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781155/hyaluronic-acid-improves-frozen-thawed-sperm-quality-and-fertility-potential-in-rooster
#15
Saied Lotfi, Morteza Mehri, Mohsen Sharafi, Reza Masoudi
Beneficial effects of Hyaluronic acid (HA) has not been yet assessed for cryopreservation of rooster sperm. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of HA (0, 1, 2, 4 and 8mM) in Beltsville extender on the cryopreservation of rooster sperm. Semen samples were collected from six Ross broiler breeders (24-week) using abdominal massage, then divided into five equal aliquots and cryopreserved in Beltsville extender that contained different concentrations of HA. Motion characteristics, morphology, membrane functionality, viability, acrosome integrity, lipid peroxidation and fertility potential of sperm were assessed after thawing...
July 25, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777293/effects-of-highly-polluted-environment-on-sperm-telomere-length-a-pilot-study
#16
Cecilia Vecoli, Luigi Montano, Andrea Borghini, Tiziana Notari, Antonino Guglielmino, Antonella Mercuri, Stefano Turchi, Maria Grazia Andreassi
High environmental pressure may impair male fertility by affecting sperm quality, but the real effect remains controversial. Herein, we assessed the influence of environmental exposure on telomere length (TL) in both leukocytes (LTL) and sperm cells (STL). A pilot biomonitoring study was conducted in 112 clinically healthy, normospermic men living in various areas of Campania region (South of Italy) with high (n = 57, High Group) or low (n = 55, Low Group) environmental pressure. TL analysis was assessed by quantitative real time-PCR...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774687/the-environment-and-male-reproduction-the-effect-of-cadmium-exposure-on-reproductive-system-and-semen-quality-and-its-implication-in-fertility
#17
REVIEW
Cristina de Angelis, Mariano Galdiero, Claudia Pivonello, Ciro Salzano, Daniele Gianfrilli, Prisco Piscitelli, Andrea Lenzi, Annamaria Colao, Rosario Pivonello
Cadmium is an environmental pollutant known as endocrine disruptor. Testis is particularly susceptible to cadmium, and testis injury occurs at high but even low levels of exposure. Cadmium reproductive toxicity is mediated by multiple mechanisms, including structural damage to testis vasculature and blood-testis barrier, inflammation, cytotoxicity on Sertoli and Leydig cells, oxidative stress, apoptosis, epigenetic actions, and disturbance of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis. The current review outlines epidemiological observational findings from environmental and occupational exposure in humans, and reports experimental studies in humans and animals...
July 31, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771782/semen-quality-and-infertility-status-can-be-identified-through-measures-of-oxidation-reduction-potential
#18
M Arafa, A Agarwal, S Al Said, A Majzoub, R Sharma, K B Bjugstad, K AlRumaihi, H Elbardisi
Standard analyses for evaluating semen quality require technical expertise and are interpretive in nature. Oxidative stress (OS) alters many of the semen parameters; thus, a measure of OS could be an indicator of semen quality. Static oxidation-reduction potential (sORP) is a universal measure of OS traditionally used in environmental applications but is increasingly used in biomedical studies. sORP was measured to determine how well it associates with semen quality and if it differentiates semen from infertile patients and fertile donors...
August 3, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771041/obstructive-azoospermia-caused-by-low-ligation-of-varicocele-a-case-report
#19
Jun Hagiuda, Hiromichi Ishikawa, Masayuki Hagiwara, Hidaka Kono, Ken Nakagawa, Mototsugu Oya
Varicocele is commonly observed in male partners of infertile couples. The surgical ligation of varicoceles under microscopy can be safely performed by a skilled andrologist with most patients subsequently experiencing an improvement in semen quality. This is the first case in which obstructive azoospermia occurred after high inguinal varicocelectomy. The vas deferens was disrupted near the internal inguinal ring by fibrous tissue. A vasovasostomy was performed and semen parameters subsequently recovered.
August 3, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770098/boar-management-and-semen-handling-factors-affect-the-quality-of-boar-extended-semen
#20
REVIEW
Alfonso Lopez Rodriguez, Ann Van Soom, Ioannis Arsenakis, Dominiek Maes
Artificial insemination (AI) is the preferred method for reproduction in the majority of the intensive pig production systems Worldwide. To this end, fresh extended ready-to-use semen doses are either purchased from AI-centres or produced by boars kept on-farm. For profitable semen production, it is necessary to obtain a maximum amount of high quality semen from each boar. This paper reviews current knowledge on factors that may affect semen quality by influencing the boar or the semen during processing. Genetic markers could be used for early detection of boars with the highest fertility potential...
2017: Porcine Health Management
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