Read by QxMD icon Read

Sperm quality

Valentina Longobardi, Angela Salzano, Giuseppe Campanile, Raffaele Marrone, Francesco Palumbo, Milena Vitiello, Gianluigi Zullo, Bianca Gasparrini
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of carnitine supplementation of semen extender on fertility parameters of frozen-thawed buffalo sperm. Buffalo semen was cryopreserved in BioXcell containing 0 (control group), 2.5 and 7.5-mM carnitine. After thawing, viability, motility, membrane integrity and capacitation status (assessed by localization of phosphotyrosine-containing proteins and chlortetracycline, chlortetracycline assay) were evaluated. Furthermore, total antioxidant capacity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation levels, as well as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content and phospholipids concentration were assessed...
September 20, 2016: Theriogenology
R Boni, A Gallo, S Cecchini
Owing to the progressive decline of sperm motility during storage there is a need to find substances capable of enhancing sperm energy metabolism and motility and/or preserving it from oxidative damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate in frozen/thawed bovine spermatozoa the effect of several compounds, such as myo-inositol, pentoxifylline, penicillamine + hypotaurine + epinephrine mixture (PHE), caffeine and coenzyme Q10+ zinc + d-aspartate mixture (CZA), on either kinetic or metabolic parameters. Sperm kinetics was evaluated by Sperm Class Analyser whereas specific fluorochromes were used to evaluated mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), intracellular pH, intracellular calcium concentration and lipid peroxidation...
October 21, 2016: Andrology
Miao Long, Shuhua Yang, Yi Zhang, Peng Li, Jianxin Han, Shuang Dong, Xinliang Chen, Jianbin He
Zearalenone (ZEN) exerts a major effect on human and animal health and has led to serious worldwide economic problems. In this study, we investigated whether proanthocyanidin (PC) can prevent ZEN-induced testicular oxidative damage in male mice and explored the underlying mechanism. Kunming mice were injected with ZEN (40 mg kg(-1)) on the 11th day after intragastric administration of PC (75 or 150 mg/kg) for 10 days; the sperm quality of mice was then analysed statistically. Additionally, testicular morphology parameters related to oxidative damage, apoptosis and the expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related genes (GRP78, CHOP and XBP-1) were all measured...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Syed Aftab Hussain Shah, Syed Murtaza Hassan Andrabi, Hussain Ahmed, Irfan Zia Qureshi
The objective of the study was to devise a cryoprotection synergism between glycerol and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) for water buffalo spermatozoa. Additionally, the effect of best evolved concentrations of glycerol and DMSO in extender was assessed on in vivo fertility of buffalo spermatozoa. Ejaculates (n = 30) were equally distributed into five aliquots; first aliquot was diluted at 37 °C in extender having 7 % glycerol (control); second aliquot was diluted at 37 °C as well as at 4 °C in extender having 3...
October 19, 2016: Cytotechnology
Undraga Schagdarsurengin, Lisa M Teuchert, Christina Hagenkötter, Nils Nesheim, Temuujin Dansranjavin, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Sabrina Gies, Adrian Pilatz, Wolfgang Weidner, Florian M E Wagenlehner
: Background/Aims/Objectives: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) has detrimental effects on the quality of life including the aspect of sexual dysfunction. The aim of the study was to identify if there was an adverse effect on the male genital compartment and if there are systemic or compartment-specific local signals for epigenetic dysregulation of inflammatory factors in CP/CPPS patients. METHODS: One hundred five NIH IIIb CP/CPPS patients and 41 healthy men were recruited and underwent investigations of urines, semen and blood...
October 20, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
D Gączarzewicz, J Udała, M Piasecka, B Błaszczyk, T Stankiewicz
This study was designed to determine the degree and type of bacterial contamination in boar semen (79 ejaculates from Large White and Landrace boars) and its consequences for sperm quality during storage (27 extended semen samples, 16°C for five days) under practical conditions of artificial insemination (AI). The results revealed the presence of aerobic bacteria in 99% of the ejaculates (from 80 to 370 ×106 colony-forming units/mL). Most of the ejaculates contained two or three bacterial contaminants, while the Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Pseudomonas bacterial genera were most frequently isolated...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
D M Hering, S Kamiński
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of C/T missense mutation (SOX5) gene on selected parameters of non-frozen semen in Polish Holstein - Friesian bulls. Three hundred and sixty eight bulls were genotyped by the PCR-Rsa I technique. Semen was collected and evaluated by standardized procedure used in an AI station. Significant associations were found between SOX5 genotypes and sperm concentrations (p=0.020) and sperm motility (p=0.014). Bulls with TT genotype had the lowest values of both traits...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Núria Vallverdú-Coll, Francois Mougeot, Manuel E Ortiz-Santaliestra, Cristina Castaño, Julián Santiago-Moreno, Rafael Mateo
Lead (Pb) poisoning via ingestion of shot pellets is a frequent cause of death in wild birds and also has a wide range of subclinical effects. Here we report on the sublethal effects Pb exposure has on the breeding performance of red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa). We studied the effects of Pb exposure on sperm quality, reproductive success, egg properties, laying performance, antioxidants levels and carotenoid-based colouration. Birds were exposed by oral gavage to one or three No. 6 Pb shot pellets (2...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Mario Montanino Oliva, Elisa Minutolo, Assunta Lippa, Paola Iaconianni, Alberto Vaiarelli
This prospective longitudinal study investigated the effects of a dietary supplement in patients affected by reduced sperm motility (asthenospermic males) with metabolic syndrome. The product tested was Andrositol®, which contains myoinositol (MI) as principal compound, in association with other molecules, and the parameters evaluated were semen characteristics as well as hormone and metabolic profiles. The inclusion criteria were subjects aged over 18 years, with asthenospermia and metabolic syndrome. The exclusion criteria were presence of cryptorchidism, varicocele, and prostatitis...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Carles Soler, Jesús Contell, Lorena Bori, MarIa Sancho, Almudena García-Molina, Anthony Valverde, Jan Segarvall
This work provides information on the blue fox ejaculated sperm quality needed for seminal dose calculations. Twenty semen samples, obtained by masturbation, were analyzed for kinematic and morphometric parameters by using CASA-Mot and CASA-Morph system and principal component (PC) analysis. For motility, eight kinematic parameters were evaluated, which were reduced to PC1, related to linear variables, and PC2, related to oscillatory movement. The whole population was divided into three independent subpopulations: SP1, fast cells with linear movement; SP2, slow cells and nonoscillatory motility; and SP3, medium speed cells and oscillatory movement...
September 30, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Rafeeque R Alyethodi, Rajib Deb, Rani Alex, Sushil Kumar, Umesh Singh, Shrikant Tyagi, D K Mandal, T V Raja, A K Das, Sheetal Sharma, Gyanendra S Sengar, Rani Singh, B Prakash
Cryopreservation is one of the most important aspects of frozen semen technology and livestock breeding. Uses of candidate molecular markers in selection strategies for male fertility are well recognized. The present investigation targeted two microsatellite markers (BM1500 and UMN 2008) for association with semen quality variables and freezing capacity in Frieswal (HF×Sahiwal) crossbred bulls of Indian origin. Of the different alleles at the polymorphic locus BM1500, the 136bp allele was associated with greater (P<0...
October 11, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Xiangrong Cui, Xuan Jing, Xueqing Wu, Meiqin Yan
Male infertility is a complex, multifactorial and polygenic disease that contributes to ~50% cases of infertility. Previous studies have demonstrated that excess weight and obesity factors serve an important role in the development of male infertility. An increasing number of studies have reported that resveratrol may regulate the response of cells to specific stimuli that induce cell injury, as well as decrease germ cell apoptosis in mice or rats. In the present study, the semen quality and serum sex hormone levels were evaluated in 324 men, which included 73 underweight, 82 normal weight, 95 overweight and 74 obese men...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Leigh A M Demain, Gerard S Conway, William G Newman
Increasingly, mitochondria are being recognised as having an important role in fertility. Indeed in assisted reproductive technologies mitochondrial function is a key indicator of sperm and oocyte quality. Here, we review the literature regarding mitochondrial genetics and infertility. In many multisystem disorders caused by mitochondrial dysfunction death occurs prior to sexual maturity, or the clinical features are so severe that infertility may be under-reported. Interestingly, many of the genes linked to mitochondrial dysfunction and infertility have roles in the maintenance of mitochondrial DNA or in mitochondrial translation...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Genetics
Gunilla Malm, Trine B Haugen, Lars Rylander, Aleksander Giwercman
A high sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) is associated with reduced fertility. DFI is influenced by the balance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidants. A circannual variation in melatonin, an antioxidant and free radical scavenger, could thus impact semen quality and fertility. The association between the major melatonin metabolite, urine 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s), and DFI was analyzed in 110 Oslo men (south of the Arctic Circle) and 86  Tromsoe men (north of the Arctic Circle). Two semen analyses, summer and winter, and four urine samples (early/late summer; early/late winter), were analyzed...
October 14, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Nicole A Huijgen, Maria A J de Ridder, Katia M Verhamme, Gert R Dohle, Ann M Vanrolleghem, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Joop S E Laven, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
OBJECTIVE: To determine associations between proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) use and semen parameters in young men of couples who are planning pregnancy. DESIGN: Case-control study of a population-based registry. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): General practitioner patients comprising 2,473 men from couples planning pregnancy with a recorded semen analysis: 241 with a low total motile sperm count (TMSC ≤1) and 714 with TMSC >1 as matched controls...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Jessica E Miller, Soo Hyun Ahn, Stephany P Monsanto, Kasra Khalaj, Madhuri Koti, Chandrakant Tayade
Endometriosis is a complex, inflammatory disease that affects 6-10% of reproductive-aged women. Almost half of the women with endometriosis experience infertility. Despite the excessive prevalence, the pathogenesis of endometriosis and its associated infertility is unknown and a cure is not available. While many theories have been suggested to link endometriosis and infertility, a consensus among investigators has not emerged. In this extensive review of the literature as well as research from our laboratory, we provide potential insights into the role of immune dysfunction in endometriosis associated infertility...
October 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Rachel Busuttil Leaver
It is estimated that 3.5 million people in the UK, that is one in every seven couples, have fertility problems. In the past, it was assumed that the cause always lay with the woman. However, developments in science brought a greater understanding of the process of sperm production and conception. It is now known that up to 30% of fertility problems may be because of the man alone and up to 90% of these are down to low sperm count or low sperm quality or both. This paper offers a review of the causes and potential factors that affect male fertility together with an overview of diagnosis, investigation and current treatment options for these men...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Batu Aydinuraz, Enver Kerem Dirican, Safak Olgan, Ozlem Aksunger, Onur Kadir Erturk
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of artificial oocyte activation (AOA) by calcium ionophore after intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) on fertilization, cleavage rate and embryo quality. A total of 194 oocytes from 21 cycles from women with a history of low fertilization rate accompanying teratozoospermia were enrolled over a 3-month period. Mature oocytes from each patient were randomly allocated into two groups after IMSI. In the study group, half of the patients' oocytes (n = 97) were exposed to AOA, and in the control group (n = 97), AOA was not applied...
October 13, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"