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Fulminant hepatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786113/overexpression-of-c%C3%A2-sis-inhibits-h2o2%C3%A2-induced-buffalo-rat-liver-cell-apoptosis-in-vitro-and-alleviates-liver-injury-in-a-rat-model-of-fulminant-hepatic-failure
#1
Hao Ding, Zhili Wen
The present study aimed to investigate the role of the C‑sis gene in the apoptosis of hepatocytes in vitro and in the liver function of a rat model of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). Buffalo rat liver (BRL) cells were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to induce apoptosis and then transfected with a C‑sis overexpression vector. A rat model of FHF was established, and C‑sis was overexpressed. The mRNA and protein expression of C‑sis were examined using reverse transcription‑polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses, respectively...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778535/lysophosphatidic-acid-receptor-lpa-6-regulates-endothelial-blood-brain-barrier-function-implication-of-hepatic-encephalopathy
#2
Kayo Masago, Yasuyuki Kihara, Keisuke Yanagida, Fumie Hamano, Shinsuke Nakagawa, Masami Niwa, Takao Shimizu
Cerebral edema is a life-threatening neurological condition characterized by brain swelling due to accumulation of excess fluid both intracellularly and extracellularly. Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) develops cerebral edema by disrupting blood brain barrier (BBB). However, the mechanisms by which mediator induces brain edema in FHF remain to be elucidated. Here, we assessed a linkage between brain edema and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling by utilizing an animal model of FHF and in vitro BBB model. Azoxymethane-treated mice developed FHF and hepatic encephalopathy, associated with higher autotaxin (ATX) activities in serum than controls...
May 17, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770539/hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-analysis-of-the-national-database-of-japan
#3
Misuzu Fujita, Masaya Sugiyama, Yasunori Sato, Kengo Nagashima, Sho Takahashi, Masashi Mizokami, Akira Hata
This study aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors for hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) undergoing immunosuppressive therapy. The National Database of Japan, in which insurance claim data have been comprehensively accumulated, was utilized. The subjects were 76,641 RA patients who were plausibly initiated on immunosuppressive therapy from April 2013 to March 2014. Laboratory tests of the hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-hepatitis B virus surface antibody, and anti-hepatitis B virus core antibody were performed in 28...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749324/changes-in-acute-viral-hepatitis-epidemiology-in-the-turkish-adult-population-a-multicenter-study
#4
Zehra Karacaer, Selma Tosun, Ayşe Batırel, Suzan Şahin, İrem Altaş, Serhat Uysal, Serpil Erol, Nurgül Ceran, Ayşe Albayrak, İlknur Esen Yıldız, Uğur Kostakoğlu, Fatma Kaçar, Nuretdin Kuzhan, Ayten Kadanalı, Gül Karagöz, Ercan Yenilmez, Derya Bayırlı Turan, Arzu Altunçekiç Yıldırım, Funda Koçak, Rıza Aytaç Çetinkaya, Mehmet Parlak, Özlem Aydın, Pınar Ergen, Gül Durmuş, Türkkan Öztürk Kaygusuz, Özgur Dağlı, Canan Demir, Fatma Yılmaz Karadağ
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The present study aimed to determine the changes in the epidemiology of hepatitis in recent years in an adult Turkish population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 852 patients with acute viral hepatitis from 17 centers were included in this study. Their sociodemographic characteristics, clinical courses, treatments, and laboratory findings were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The most commonly found microorganisms were the hepatitis B virus (55...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731082/brief-episodes-of-newly-developed-intraoperative-atrial-fibrillation-predicts-worse-outcomes-in-adult-liver-transplantation
#5
Y-J Moon, H-M Kwon, Y-S Park, S-H Kim, G-S Hwang
BACKGROUND: Although patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) are frequently exposed to predisposing factors of atrial fibrillation (AF) such as autonomic imbalance, surgical stress, and elevated catecholamine levels, the occurrence of intraoperative AF (IOAF) has not been fully examined in LT candidates. METHODS: Data from 1059 patients who underwent adult LT from 2006 to 2010 were analyzed. Among patients with preoperative normal sinus rhythm, the incidence, prognosis, and detailed characteristics of newly developed IOAF were assessed...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725560/fatal-fulminant-hepatitis-from-rituximab-induced-hepatitis-b-reactivation-in-a-patient-with-follicular-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-a-brief-review-of-literature
#6
Zarak H Khan, Kamran Ilyas, Haider Ghazanfar, Hamza H Khan, Qulsoom Hussain, Sahla Hammad, Ahmed Munir, Rizwan Asim
The objective of our study was to recognize hepatitis B reactivation as a complication of rituximab chemotherapy and to realize the importance of screening for prior Hepatitis B virus (HBV) exposure in all patients with hematologic malignancies who will receive rituximab as part of their therapy. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody targeting CD 20 receptors on the membrane of B cells. In this case report, we described a 79-year-old man who presented to our department with nausea, fatigue, and jaundice. Two months ago, he had received the last dose of the chemotherapy regimen containing rituximab for follicular B cell lymphoma...
March 2, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725551/domino-liver-transplantation-from-a-child-with-propionic-acidemia-to-a-child-with-idiopathic-fulminant-hepatic-failure
#7
Marina Moguilevitch, Ellise Delphin
Domino liver transplant has emerged as a viable strategy to increase the number of grafts available for transplantation. In the domino transplant organs explanted from one patient are transplanted into another patient. The first successful domino liver transplant was performed in Portugal in 1995. Since then this innovative concept has been applied to several genetic or biochemical disorders that are treated by liver transplantation. An important consideration during this operation is that such livers can pose a risk of the de novo development of the disease in the recipient...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716597/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-turkey-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Hakan Leblebicioglu, Resat Ozaras
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), a non-enveloped single stranded RNA virus causes sporadic cases of hepatitis or outbreaks. The disease is generally self-limited although it may cause fulminant hepatitis in pregnant women, elderly, those with underlying chronic hepatitis, immunosuppressed, and transplant recipients. It is transmitted through fecal-oral route and zoonotic transmission. Hepatitis is a main health care problem in Turkey; HBV and HCV prevalences are 4 and 1% respectively. Hepatitis D represents another considerable hepatitis etiology with a prevalence of 5-27%...
May 2, 2018: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705917/management-of-hepatic-encephalopathy-not-responsive-to-first-line-treatments
#9
REVIEW
Silvia Nardelli, Lorenzo Ridola, Stefania Gioia, Oliviero Riggio
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome that occurs in up to 30% of patients with cirrhosis. HE may be a consequence of pure liver failure, as in patients with fulminant hepatitis, or of the combination of liver failure and portal-systemic shunting, as in patients with liver cirrhosis. Episodes of HE are usually related to precipitating events, such as infections or gastrointestinal bleeding; a minority of cirrhotic patients experienced a chronic HE, refractory to standard medical treatment...
April 28, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705227/anatomic-recanalization-of-hepatic-vein-and-inferior-vena-cava-versus-direct-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-creation-in-budd-chiari-syndrome-overall-outcome-and-midterm-transplant-free-survival
#10
Amar Mukund, Kartik Mittal, Aniket Mondal, Shiv Kumar Sarin
PURPOSE: To assess overall outcome and midterm transplant-free survival of patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) undergoing radiologic interventions including anatomic recanalization of the hepatic vein (HV) and inferior vena cava (IVC) and direct intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (DIPS) creation, both as combined and as independent groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2010 to October 2014, 136 patients with BCS were treated with HV/IVC recanalization (group 1) or DIPS creation (group 2)...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698488/hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-d-virus-infections-in-the-central-african-republic-twenty-five-years-after-a-fulminant-hepatitis-outbreak-indicate-continuing-spread-in-asymptomatic-young-adults
#11
Narcisse Patrice Komas, Sumantra Ghosh, Mariama Abdou-Chekaraou, Pierre Pradat, Nasser Al Hawajri, Alexandre Manirakiza, Gina Laure Laghoe, Claudine Bekondi, Ségolène Brichler, Jean-Omer Ouavéné, Abdoulaye Sépou, Brice Martial Yambiyo, Jean Chrysostome Gody, Valentin Fikouma, Athénais Gerber, Natali Abeywickrama Samarakoon, Dulce Alfaiate, Caroline Scholtès, Nora Martel, Frédéric Le Gal, Hugo Lo Pinto, Ikram Amri, Olivier Hantz, David Durantel, Jean-Louis Lesbordes, Emmanuel Gordien, Philippe Merle, Tudor Drugan, Christian Trépo, Fabien Zoulim, Jean-Claude Cortay, Alan Campbell Kay, Paul Dény
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) increases morbidity in Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients. In the mid-eighties, an outbreak of HDV fulminant hepatitis (FH) in the Central African Republic (CAR) killed 88% of patients hospitalized in Bangui. We evaluated infections with HBV and HDV among students and pregnant women, 25 years after the fulminant hepatitis (FH) outbreak to determine (i) the prevalence of HBV and HDV infection in this population, (ii) the clinical risk factors for HBV and/or HDV infections, and (iii) to characterize and compare the strains from the FH outbreak in the 1980s to the 2010 HBV-HDV strains...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697580/hepatitis-associated-aplastic-anemia-a-report-of-3-cases-associated-with-hav
#12
Mohammad Alsakkal, Mohammad Al-Khateeb, Mohammad Alhalaby, Lina Khouri
Aplastic anemia is a rare complication of viral hepatitis. We present 3 cases of hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia after hepatitis A virus infection. One of our cases is the first reported case of hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia after fulminant hepatitis A infection. Patient characteristics were consistent with older reports with regard to age and sex. All 3 patients were male individuals under the age of 20. In addition, all 3 patients had A+ blood group. Outcomes in our series were poor because of the unavailability of antithymocyte globulin and bone marrow transplantation...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685743/atypical-manifestations-of-hepatitis-a-virus-infection
#13
S G Muñoz-Martínez, H A Díaz-Hernández, D Suárez-Flores, J F Sánchez-Ávila, A Gamboa-Domínguez, I García-Juárez, A Torre
Acute hepatitis due to the hepatitis A virus usually has a short, benign and self-limited course, without causing chronic hepatitis. However, some cases have an atypical presentation, such as relapsing hepatitis, prolonged or persistent cholestasis, fulminant hepatic failure, or liver failure associated with autoimmune hepatitis. The typical clinical course of acute hepatitis A virus infection is spontaneous remission in 90% of the cases, but atypical cases have a prevalence that varies from less than 1 to 20%, depending on the manifestation (overall prevalence ∼7%)...
April 20, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684859/isorhamnetin-a-hepatoprotective-flavonoid-inhibits-apoptosis-and-autophagy-via-p38-ppar-%C3%AE-pathway-in-mice
#14
Xiya Lu, Tong Liu, Kan Chen, Yujing Xia, Weiqi Dai, Shizan Xu, Ling Xu, Fan Wang, Liwei Wu, Jingjing Li, Sainan Li, Wenwen Wang, Qiang Yu, Jiao Feng, Xiaoming Fan, Yingqun Zhou, Peiqin Niu, Chuanyong Guo
Isorhamnetin, a flavonoid compound extracted from plants' fruit or leaves, like sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.), has many biological functions, including anti-tumor, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. The present study is in order to explore the hepatoprotective effect of isorhamnetin on concanavalin A (ConA)-induced acute fulminant hepatitis and the underlying mechanism. Mice were injected with ConA (25 mg/kg) to induce acute fulminant hepatitis, three doses of isorhamnetin (10/30/90 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administrated about 1 h previously...
April 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673487/a-novel-akt-activator-sc79-prevents-acute-hepatic-failure-induced-by-fas-mediated-apoptosis-of-hepatocytes
#15
Wei Liu, Zhen-Tang Jing, Shu-Xiang Wu, Yun He, Yan-Ting Lin, Wan-Nan Chen, Xin-Jian Lin, Xu Lin
Acute liver failure is a serious clinical problem of which the underlying pathogenesis remains unclear and for which effective therapies are lacking. The Fas receptor/ligand system, which is negatively regulated by AKT, is known to play a prominent role in hepatocytic cell death. We hypothesized that AKT activation may represent a strategy to alleviate Fas-induced fulminant liver failure. We report here that a novel AKT activator, SC79, protects hepatocytes from apoptosis induced by agonistic anti-Fas antibody CH11 (for humans) or Jo2 (for mice) and significantly prolongs the survival of mice given a lethal dose of Jo2...
May 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663447/evolution-of-hbv-s-gene-in-the-backdrop-of-hdv-co-infection
#16
Samina Baig, Syed H Abidi, Zahid Azam, Shahid Majid, Saeed Khan, Muhammad R Khanani, Syed Ali
BACKGROUND: HBV-HDV co-infected people have a higher chance of developing cirrhosis, fulminant hepatitis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared to those infected only with HBV. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate HBV genotypes and phylogeny among HBV mono-infected and HBV-HDV co-infected patients, as well as analyze mutations in the surface gene of HBV in mono-infected and co-infected patients. METHODS: A total of 100 blood samples (50 co-infected with HBV and HDV, and 50 mono-infected with HBV only) were collected for this study...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661433/better-selection-criteria-with-prognostic-factors-for-liver-transplantation
#17
L S Nacif, R S Pinheiro, V Rocha-Santos, V M Barbosa, A P de Moura Dias, R B Martino, R A Macedo, L Ducatti, L Haddad, F Galvão, W Andraus, L Carneiro D' Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation has evolved significantly in recent years, with each advancement part of the effort toward increasing patient and graft survival as well as quality of life. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors and selection criteria for liver transplantation. METHODS: Our study was a statistical analysis, logistic regression, and survival evaluation of a total of 80 liver transplants that were performed between June 1, 2016 and September 24, 2016...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660249/shorter-hbig-administration-is-not-associated-to-hbv-recurrence-when-receiving-combined-prophylaxis-after-liver-transplantation
#18
Sabela Lens, María García-Eliz, Inmaculada Fernández, Lluis Castells, Martin Bonacci, Antoni Mas, Gonzalo Crespo, María Buti, Martín Prieto, Xavier Forns
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The combination of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and a nucleos(t)ide analogs (NA) has markedly reduced the rate of hepatitis B (HBV) recurrence after liver transplantation (LT); however, the optimal duration of HBIG has not been clarified. This lack of consensus perpetuates the use of different strategies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors associated to HBV recurrence after LT in a large cohort of patients under different HBIG regimens. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter analysis of HBV-related LT recipients receiving combined prophylaxis (HBIG+NA)...
April 16, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658384/complications-of-adult-onset-still-s-disease-and-their-management
#19
Stéphane Mitrovic, Bruno Fautrel
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic auto-inflammatory disorder in which management and treatment have considerably progressed over the past decade. Despite wide use of interleukin (IL)-1 or IL-6 inhibitors, serious complications remain possible. Areas covered: A comprehensive literature search in MEDLINE via Pubmed was performed to review AOSD's severe and sometimes life-threatening complications: reactive hemophagocytic lymphohystiocytosis, coagulation disorders, fulminant hepatitis, cardiac or pulmonary complications and amyloid A amyloidosis...
April 26, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653132/sofosbuvir-inhibits-hepatitis-a-virus-replication-in-vitro-assessed-by-a-cell-based-fluorescent-reporter-system
#20
Wang Jiang, Fawad Muhammad, Pengjuan Ma, Xiyu Liu, Gang Long
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection remains a major cause of acute hepatitis worldwide and even leads to fulminant hepatitis. For screening antivirals against HAV in vitro, we develop a cell-based fluorescent reporter system named Huh-7.5.1-GA, in which HAV infection is visualized by green fluorescence protein (GFP) translocation from the cytosol into the nucleus. The reliability of Huh-7.5.1-GA for antiviral studies is validated by IFN-α, a known inhibitor of HAV replication, which impedes GFP translocation...
April 10, 2018: Antiviral Research
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