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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040949/phenomenological-characteristics-of-recovered-memory-in-nonclinical-individuals
#1
Chui-De Chiu
A central hypothesis of recovered memory is that the source of the memory may be misattributed, and the memory of an imagined event may be mistaken as the memory of the perceived event that was not remembered. The judgment of memory source depends upon phenomenological characteristics. Thus, the present study investigated characteristics of recovered memory. To exclude potential confounding effects of traumatic stress and acute mental illness, data on recovered memories of diverse valences in a nonclinical sample were collected...
October 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040946/neuropsychological-predictors-of-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#2
Kim T Mueser, Susan R McGurk, Haiyi Xie, Elisa E Bolton, M Kay Jankowski, Weili Lu, Stanley D Rosenberg, Rosemarie Wolfe
This study examined whether cognitive functioning was related to treatment outcomes in persons with severe mental illness who received a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program for co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The study sample was drawn from a larger controlled trial of 108 persons with severe mental illness and PTSD comparing the effects of CBT with treatment as usual on PTSD and related outcomes, with assessments conducted at baseline, post-treatment, and 3- and 6-month follow-ups...
October 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040798/assessment-of-cognition-and-personality-as-potential-endophenotypes-in-the-western-australian-family-study-of-schizophrenia
#3
Nina S McCarthy, Johanna C Badcock, Melanie L Clark, Emma E M Knowles, Gemma Cadby, Phillip E Melton, Vera A Morgan, John Blangero, Eric K Moses, David C Glahn, Assen Jablensky
Phenotypic heterogeneity is a major barrier to understanding the genetic architecture underlying schizophrenia. Incorporating endophenotypes is one way to reduce heterogeneity and facilitate more powerful genetic analysis. Candidate endophenotypes require systematic assessment against endophenotype criteria, and a ranking of their potential utility for genetic analysis. In this study we assess 20 cognitive and personality measures in a sample of 127 families with at least 2 cases of schizophrenia per family (n = 535) plus a set of 30 control families (n = 121) against 4 endophenotype criteria: (a) be associated with the illness but not be a part of its diagnosis, (b) be heritable, (c) co-segregate with the illness in families, and (d) be found in unaffected relatives at a higher rate than in the general population...
October 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040618/securing-systems-leadership-by-local-government-through-health-and-wellbeing-strategies
#4
Alyson M Learmonth, Emily J Henderson, David J Hunter
Background: The aim of this study was to strengthen Health and Wellbeing Strategies (HWSs) by identifying potential areas for system leadership across local authorities in relation to specific aspects of health/illness, wider determinants of health and transformational change management. Method: The work involved a document analysis of strengths of the first 12 HWSs produced in the North East of England applying principles of appreciative inquiry (AI), followed by a knowledge-to-action group approach with stakeholders...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040561/prospective-evaluation-of-a-continuous-infusion-vancomycin-dosing-nomogram-in-critically-ill-patients-undergoing-continuous-venovenous-haemofiltration
#5
Jonathan H Sin, Kelly Newman, Ramy H Elshaboury, D Dante Yeh, Marc A de Moya, Hsin Lin
Objectives: The most optimal method of attaining therapeutic vancomycin concentrations during continuous venovenous haemofiltration (CVVH) remains unclear. Studies have shown continuous infusion vancomycin (CIV) achieves target concentrations more rapidly and consistently when compared with intermittent infusion. Positive correlations between CVVH intensity and vancomycin clearance (CLvanc) have been noted. This study is the first to evaluate a CIV regimen in patients undergoing CVVH that incorporates weight-based CVVH intensity (mL/kg/h) into the dosing nomogram...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040516/integrated-mental-health-services-in-china-challenges-and-planning-for-the-future
#6
Di Liang, Vickie M Mays, Wei-Chin Hwang
Eager to build an integrated community-based mental health system, in 2004 China started the '686 Programme', whose purpose was to integrate hospital and community services for patients with serious mental illness. In 2015, the National Mental Health Working Plan (2015-2020) proposed an ambitious strategy for implementing this project. The goal of this review is to assess potential opportunities for and barriers to successful implementation of a community-based mental health system that integrates hospital and community mental health services into the general healthcare system...
October 13, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040511/development-of-the-testis-in-pre-pubertal-boys-with-cancer-after-biopsy-for-fertility-preservation
#7
M Uijldert, A Meißner, A A de Melker, A M M van Pelt, M D van de Wetering, R R van Rijn, M van Wely, F van der Veen, S Repping
STUDY QUESTION: Is testicular growth affected by a testicular biopsy intended for fertility preservation in pre-pubertal boys with cancer? SUMMARY ANSWER: Testicular growth of the biopsied testis is not impeded in comparison to the non-biopsied contralateral testis up until 1 year after surgery. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Fertility preservation in pre-pubertal boys by means of testicular biopsy has been conducted for more than 15 years. Although immediate adverse effects of testicular biopsy are rare (1%), no data exist on the effect of biopsy on testicular growth...
October 12, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040469/the-commercialization-of-traditional-medicine-in-modern-cambodia
#8
Bandeth Ros, Gillian Lê, Barbara McPake, Suzanne Fustukian
Globally, traditional medicine has long been used to address relatively common illness, mental ill health and during childbirth and post-natal care. However, traditional medicine is primarily provided by the private sector and it is unclear how far expenditures on traditional medicine contribute to household impoverishment. A life history method was used to understand the health seeking experience of 24 households over the last 60 years in Cambodia, a country with high out-of-pocket expenditures for health...
October 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040344/dilemmas-for-guardians-of-advanced-dementia-patients-regarding-tube-feeding
#9
Efrat Gil, Maayan Agmon, Ayal Hirsch, Miriam Ziv, Anna Zisberg
Background: advanced dementia is an incurable illness, its last stage marked by inability to eat. Tube feeding was deemed a helpful solution at this stage, but in recent years its inefficiency has been proved, and it is no longer practiced in many countries around the world. In Israel, however, the procedure is still accepted. In the gastroenterology department at the Bnai Zion Medical Center, a serious interaction is ongoing with patients' legal guardians, where detailed information is given about the inefficiency of the tube procedure...
October 13, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040262/serological-and-spatial-analysis-of-alphavirus-and-flavivirus-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-a-rural-community-in-western-kenya
#10
Elysse N Grossi-Soyster, Elizabeth A J Cook, William A de Glanville, Lian F Thomas, Amy R Krystosik, Justin Lee, C Njeri Wamae, Samuel Kariuki, Eric M Fèvre, A Desiree LaBeaud
Alphaviruses, such as chikungunya virus, and flaviviruses, such as dengue virus, are (re)-emerging arboviruses that are endemic in tropical environments. In Africa, arbovirus infections are often undiagnosed and unreported, with febrile illnesses often assumed to be malaria. This cross-sectional study aimed to characterize the seroprevalence of alphaviruses and flaviviruses among children (ages 5-14, n = 250) and adults (ages 15 ≥ 75, n = 250) in western Kenya. Risk factors for seropositivity were explored using Lasso regression...
October 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040241/barriers-to-implementation-of-recommendations-for-transport-of-children-in-ground-ambulances
#11
Rashida H Woods, Manish Shah, Cara Doughty, Anthony Gilchrest
OBJECTIVES: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released draft recommendations in 2010 on the safe transport of children in ground ambulances. The purpose of this study was to assess awareness of these guidelines among emergency medical service (EMS) agencies and to identify implementation barriers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, anonymous online survey of 911-responding, ground transport EMS agencies in Texas. Demographics, modes of transport based on case scenarios, and barriers to implementation were assessed...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040214/untreated-relative-hypotension-measured-as-perfusion-pressure-deficit-during-management-of-shock-and-new-onset-acute-kidney-injury-a-literature-review
#12
Rakshit Panwar
Maintaining an optimal blood pressure (BP) during shock is a fundamental tenet of critical care. Optimal BP targets maybe different for different patients. In current practice, too often, uniform BP targets are pursued which may result in inadvertently accepting a degree of untreated relative hypotension i.e., the deficit between patients' usual pre-morbid basal BP and the achieved BP, during vasopressor support. Relative hypotension is a common but an under-recognized and an under-treated sign among patients with potential shock state...
October 16, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040114/association-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-co-occurring-health-conditions-in-early-childhood
#13
Melissa A Bright, Lindsay A Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To understand how adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with co-occurring physical, mental and developmental problems during early childhood. METHOD: A subsample of 19,957 children aged 2-5 years were selected from the 2011-2012 National Survey for Child Health. Outcomes included 18 health conditions organized in singular condition domains (physical, mental, and developmental), and combinations of condition domains (e.g., physical plus mental, mental plus developmental, etc...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040086/compliance-of-brown-mussel-perna-perna-production-areas-in-the-south-of-brazil-with-the-bacteriological-criteria-of-the-shellfish-hygiene-systems-in-the-european-union-and-united-states-of-america-assessing-the-impacts-on-consumer-safety
#14
Robson Ventura de Souza, Carlos José Alexandre de Campos, Luis Hamilton Pospissil Garbossa, Walter Quadros Seiffert
Levels of faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) monitored in surface water and brown mussels collected at 28 production areas in Brazil from August 2012 to October 2013 were used to assess compliance with the bacteriological standards of the shellfish hygiene classification systems used in the European Union (EU) and USA. This classification determines the level of post-harvesting purification needed to reduce the risk of illness in consumers. The results indicate that 36% of production areas would be class A under the EU system and 75% would be 'Approved' under the US system...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040082/determinants-of-the-use-of-alternatives-to-arsenic-contaminated-shallow-groundwater-an-exploratory-study-in-rural-west-bengal-india
#15
Caroline Delaire, Abhijit Das, Susan Amrose, Ashok Gadgil, Joyashree Roy, Isha Ray
Shallow groundwater containing toxic concentrations of arsenic is the primary source of drinking water for millions of households in rural West Bengal, India. Often, this water also contains unpleasant levels of iron and non-negligible fecal contamination. Alternatives to shallow groundwater are increasingly available, including government-built deep tubewells, water purchased from independent providers, municipal piped water, and household filters. We conducted a survey of 501 households in Murshidabad district in 2014 to explore what influenced the use of available alternatives...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040075/development-of-recreational-water-spray-ground-design-regulations-in-new-york-state-an-engineering-approach
#16
John D Paccione, David M Dziewulski, Pamela L Young
The New York State Department of Health developed regulations for the design and operation of spray grounds to address the potential for recreational water illnesses associated with this type of venue. The water treatment component of the new regulation was based on a first-principles approach to address the unique challenges of spray grounds. The regulation departs from traditional recreational water treatment methods by requiring a novel filtration approach and the installation of UV disinfection. The water treatment system was also required to incorporate automatic control systems to ensure the water quality is maintained with a minimum of operator involvement...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036954/-relationship-between-highly-sensitive-cardiac-troponin-t-and-sepsis-and-outcome-in-critically-ill-patients
#17
T T Wang, L Jiang
Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of highly sensitive cardiac Troponin T (hs-cTn T) for sepsis in critically ill patients. Methods: Patients estimated to stay in the ICU of Fuxing Hospital for more than 24h were enrolled at from March 2014 to December 2014. Serum hs-cTn T was tested within two hours. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to determine the association of variables with the hs-cTn T. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors of 28-day mortality...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036855/diagnostic-criteria-for-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness-pppd-consensus-document-of-the-committee-for-the-classification-of-vestibular-disorders-of-the-b%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-ny-society
#18
Jeffrey P Staab, Annegret Eckhardt-Henn, Arata Horii, Rolf Jacob, Michael Strupp, Thomas Brandt, Adolfo Bronstein
This paper presents diagnostic criteria for persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) to be included in the International Classification of Vestibular Disorders (ICVD). The term PPPD is new, but the disorder is not. Its diagnostic criteria were derived by expert consensus from an exhaustive review of 30 years of research on phobic postural vertigo, space-motion discomfort, visual vertigo, and chronic subjective dizziness. PPPD manifests with one or more symptoms of dizziness, unsteadiness, or non-spinning vertigo that are present on most days for three months or more and are exacerbated by upright posture, active or passive movement, and exposure to moving or complex visual stimuli...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036843/aberrant-peak-lactate-response-in-ms
#19
Kathrin Schlüter, Josephina Maier, Stefan Patra, Stefan M Gold, Christoph Heesen, Karl-Heinz Schulz
BACKGROUND: The peak blood lactate response to an exhaustive exercise test in a number of chronic conditions has been shown to differ from that seen in healthy, untrained individuals. However, this has not been investigated for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to determine and compare the peak blood lactate response to exercise and the maximal workload between two groups of MS patients with different illness severity. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with a relapsing-remitting disease course (Group RR) and 41 patients with a secondary- or primary chronic progressive disease course (group CP) performed an exhaustive incremental bicycle ergometry...
October 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036731/rethinking-body-ownership-in-schizophrenia-experimental-and-meta-analytical-approaches-show-no-evidence-for-deficits
#20
Albulena Shaqiri, Maya Roinishvili, Mariia Kaliuzhna, Ophélie Favrod, Eka Chkonia, Michael H Herzog, Olaf Blanke, Roy Salomon
Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder, in which patients experience an abnormal sense of self. While deficits in sensorimotor self-representation (agency) are well documented in schizophrenia, less is known about other aspects of bodily self-representation (body ownership). Here, we tested a large cohort (N = 59) of chronic schizophrenia patients and matched controls (N = 30) on a well-established body illusion paradigm, the Full Body Illusion (FBI). In this paradigm, changes in body ownership are induced through prolonged multisensory stimulation, in which participants are stroked on their back while seeing the stroking on the back of a virtual body...
July 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
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