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iron and magnetic resonance imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225576/3d-multiecho-dixon-for-the-evaluation-of-hepatic-iron-and-fat-in-a-clinical-setting
#1
Benjamin Henninger, Heinz Zoller, Stephan Kannengiesser, Xiaodong Zhong, Werner Jaschke, Christian Kremser
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate a new 3D-multiecho-Dixon (3D-ME-Dixon) sequence for the quantification of hepatic iron and fat in a clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 120 patients underwent 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging of the liver between December 2013 and June 2015 including the following three sequences: 3D-ME-Dixon with inline calculation of R2* and proton-density fat-fraction (PDFF) maps, single-voxel-spectroscopy (SVS), 2D multigradient-echo sequence (2D-ME-GRE)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218614/first-i-in-vivo-i-magnetic-particle-imaging-of-lung-perfusion-in-rats
#2
Xinyi Yedda Zhou, Kenneth Jeffris, Elaine Yu, Bo Zheng, Patrick Goodwill, Payam Nahid, Steven Conolly
Pulmonary embolism (PE), along with the closely related condition of deep vein thrombosis, affect an estimated 600,000 patients in the US per year. Untreated, PE carries a mortality rate of 30%. Because many patients experience mild or non-specific symptoms, imaging studies are necessary for definitive diagnosis of PE. Iodinated CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is recommended for most patients, while nuclear medicine-based ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scans are reserved for patients in whom the use of iodine is contraindicated...
February 20, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218005/evaluation-of-cardiac-and-hepatic-iron-overload-in-thalassemia-major-patients-with-t2-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Pustika Amalia Wahidiyat, Felix Liauw, Damayanti Sekarsari, Siti Ayu Putriasih, Vasili Berdoukas, Dudley J Pennell
OBJECTIVES: Recent advancements have promoted the use of T2* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the non-invasive detection of iron overload in various organs for thalassemia major patients. This study aims to determine the iron load in the heart and liver of patients with thalassemia major using T2* MRI and to evaluate its correlation with serum ferritin level and iron chelation therapy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 162 subjects diagnosed with thalassemia major, who were classified into acceptable, mild, moderate, or severe cardiac and hepatic iron overload following their T2* MRI results, respectively, and these were correlated to their serum ferritin levels and iron chelation therapy...
February 20, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214127/functionalized-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-provide-highly-efficient-iron-labeling-in-macrophages-for-magnetic-resonance-based-detection-in-vivo
#4
Jack Sharkey, Philip J Starkey Lewis, Michael Barrow, Salamah M Alwahsh, June Noble, Eilidh Livingstone, Ross J Lennen, Maurits A Jansen, Jaime Garcia Carrion, Neill Liptrott, Shareen Forbes, Dave J Adams, Amy E Chadwick, Stuart J Forbes, Patricia Murray, Matthew J Rosseinsky, Christopher E Goldring, B Kevin Park
BACKGROUND AIMS: Tracking cells during regenerative cytotherapy is crucial for monitoring their safety and efficacy. Macrophages are an emerging cell-based regenerative therapy for liver disease and can be readily labeled for medical imaging. A reliable, clinically applicable cell-tracking agent would be a powerful tool to study cell biodistribution. METHODS: Using a recently described chemical design, we set out to functionalize, optimize and characterize a new set of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) to efficiently label macrophages for magnetic resonance imaging-based cell tracking in vivo...
February 15, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198362/covalent-assembly-of-nanoparticles-as-a-peptidase-degradable-platform-for-molecular-mri
#5
Francisco Perez-Balderas, Sander I van Kasteren, Alaa A A Aljabali, Kim Wals, Sébastien Serres, Andrew Jefferson, Manuel Sarmiento Soto, Alexandre A Khrapitchev, James R Larkin, Claire Bristow, Seung Seo Lee, Guillaume Bort, Filippo De Simone, Sandra J Campbell, Robin P Choudhury, Daniel C Anthony, Nicola R Sibson, Benjamin G Davis
Ligand-conjugated microparticles of iron oxide (MPIO) have the potential to provide high sensitivity contrast for molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, the accumulation and persistence of non-biodegradable micron-sized particles in liver and spleen precludes their clinical use and limits the translational potential of MPIO-based contrast agents. Here we show that ligand-targeted MPIO derived from multiple iron oxide nanoparticles may be coupled covalently through peptide linkers that are designed to be cleaved by intracellular macrophage proteases...
February 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193901/exceedingly-small-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-as-positive-mri-contrast-agents
#6
He Wei, Oliver T Bruns, Michael G Kaul, Eric C Hansen, Mariya Barch, Agata Wiśniowska, Ou Chen, Yue Chen, Nan Li, Satoshi Okada, Jose M Cordero, Markus Heine, Christian T Farrar, Daniel M Montana, Gerhard Adam, Harald Ittrich, Alan Jasanoff, Peter Nielsen, Moungi G Bawendi
Medical imaging is routine in the diagnosis and staging of a wide range of medical conditions. In particular, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is critical for visualizing soft tissue and organs, with over 60 million MRI procedures performed each year worldwide. About one-third of these procedures are contrast-enhanced MRI, and gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) are the mainstream MRI contrast agents used in the clinic. GBCAs have shown efficacy and are safe to use with most patients; however, some GBCAs have a small risk of adverse effects, including nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), the untreatable condition recently linked to gadolinium (Gd) exposure during MRI with contrast...
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186215/in-vivo-aggregation-induced-transition-between-t1-and-t2-relaxations-of-magnetic-ultra-small-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-in-tumor-microenvironment
#7
Huige Zhou, Jinglong Tang, Jiayang Li, Wanqi Li, Ying Liu, Chunying Chen
Surface ligands and their densities may significantly influence the optic, electric, and stable properties of inorganic nanoparticles as well as their magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characters. In this study, ultra-small iron oxide nanoparticles with hyaluronic acid as surface ligand (Fe3O4@HA) were designed to target tumor cells and tune the T1- and T2-weighted MRI by aggregating in the tumor microenvironment via the degradation of HA upon exposure to hyaluronidase (HAase) with decreasing pH. To realize this purpose, four kinds of Fe3O4@HA nanoparticles with increasing HA density were synthesized and characterized...
February 10, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184160/tunable-and-noncytotoxic-pet-spect-mri-multimodality-imaging-probes-using-colloidally-stable-ligand-free-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#8
Th Nguyen Pham, Nigel A Lengkeek, Ivan Greguric, Byung J Kim, Paul A Pellegrini, Stephanie A Bickley, Marcel R Tanudji, Stephen K Jones, Brian S Hawkett, Binh Tt Pham
Physiologically stable multimodality imaging probes for positron emission tomography/single-photon emission computed tomography (PET/SPECT)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were synthesized using the superparamagnetic maghemite iron oxide (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles (SPIONs). The SPIONs were sterically stabilized with a finely tuned mixture of diblock copolymers with either methoxypolyethylene glycol (MPEG) or primary amine NH2 end groups. The radioisotope for PET or SPECT imaging was incorporated with the SPIONs at high temperature...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183642/magnetic-nanoparticle-loaded-electrospun-polymeric-nanofibers-for-tissue-engineering
#9
Heng Zhang, JiYi Xia, XianLun Pang, Ming Zhao, BiQiong Wang, LingLin Yang, HaiSu Wan, JingBo Wu, ShaoZhi Fu
Magnetic nanoparticles have been one of the most attractive nanomaterials for various biomedical applications including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diagnostic contrast enhancement, magnetic cell separation, and targeted drug delivery. Three-dimensional (3-D) fibrous scaffolds have broad application prospects in the biomedical field, such as drug delivery and tissue engineering. In this work, a novel three-dimensional composite membrane composed of the tri-block copolymer poly(ε-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL-PEG-PCL, PCEC) and magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) were fabricated using electrospinning technology...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183070/remotely-controlled-drug-release-based-on-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-for-specific-therapy-of-cancer
#10
Lin Wu, Ling Chen, Fei Liu, Xueyong Qi, Yanru Ge, Song Shen
Chemotherapy has been widely used in clinic and usually causes serious side effects. To improve therapeutic effect, it is really necessary to realize local drug release and specific therapy. In this work, we demonstrate Azo (4,4-azobis (4-cyanovaleric acid))-functionalized multifunctional nanoparticles to realize near-infrared (NIR) laser-responsive drug release and combined chemo-photothermal cancer therapy. Doxorubicin (DOX) was attached to magnetic nanoparticles via a thermal-cleavable Azo linker, which could decompose while the temperature reach ∼43°C...
January 13, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182122/tracking-stem-cells-with-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-perspectives-and-considerations
#11
REVIEW
Jasmin, Gustavo Torres de Souza, Ruy Andrade Louzada, Paulo Henrique Rosado-de-Castro, Rosalia Mendez-Otero, Antonio Carlos Campos de Carvalho
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have been used for diagnoses in biomedical applications, due to their unique properties and their apparent safety for humans. In general, SPIONs do not seem to produce cell damage, although their long-term in vivo effects continue to be investigated. The possibility of efficiently labeling cells with these magnetic nanoparticles has stimulated their use to noninvasively track cells by magnetic resonance imaging after transplantation. SPIONs are attracting increasing attention and are one of the preferred methods for cell labeling and tracking in preclinical and clinical studies...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176191/thin-chitosan-films-containing-super-paramagnetic-nanoparticles-with-contrasting-capability-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Fatemeh Farjadian, Sahar Moradi, Majid Hosseini
Magnetic nanoparticles have found application as MRI contrasting agents. Herein, chitosan thin films containing super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are evaluated in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To determine their contrasting capability, super-paramagnetic nanoparticles coated with citrate (SPIONs-cit) were synthesized. Then, chitosan thin films with different concentrations of SPIONs-cit were prepared and their MRI data (i.e., r 2 and r 2*) was evaluated in an aqueous medium. The synthesized SPIONs-cit and chitosan/SPIONs-cit films were characterized by FTIR, EDX, XRD as well as VSM with the morphology evaluated by SEM and AFM...
March 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170192/ferumoxytol-labeling-of-human-neural-progenitor-cells-for-diagnostic-cellular-tracking-in-the-porcine-spinal-cord-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#13
Jason J Lamanna, Juanmarco Gutierrez, Lindsey N Urquia, C Victor Hurtig, Elman Amador, Natalia Grin, Clive N Svendsen, Thais Federici, John N Oshinski, Nicholas M Boulis
We report on the diagnostic capability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based tracking of ferumoxytol-labeled human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs) transplanted into the porcine spinal cord. hNPCs prelabeled with two doses of ferumoxytol nanoparticles (hNPC-F(Low) and hNPC-F(High) ) were injected into the ventral horn of the spinal cord in healthy minipigs. Ferumoxytol-labeled grafts were tracked in vivo up to 105 days after transplantation with MRI. Injection accuracy was assessed in vivo at day 14 and was predictive of "on" or "off" target cell graft location assessed by histology...
January 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168364/effects-of-aging-on-formula-see-text-formula-see-text-and-qsm-mri-values-in-the-subcortex
#14
M C Keuken, P-L Bazin, K Backhouse, S Beekhuizen, L Himmer, A Kandola, J J Lafeber, L Prochazkova, A Trutti, A Schäfer, R Turner, B U Forstmann
The aging brain undergoes several anatomical changes that can be measured with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Early studies using lower field strengths have assessed changes in tissue properties mainly qualitatively, using [Formula: see text]- or [Formula: see text]- weighted images to provide image contrast. With the development of higher field strengths (7 T and above) and more advanced MRI contrasts, quantitative measures can be acquired even of small subcortical structures. This study investigates volumetric, spatial, and quantitative MRI parameter changes associated with healthy aging in a range of subcortical nuclei, including the basal ganglia, red nucleus, and the periaqueductal grey...
February 6, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160221/simultaneous-detection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-vessel-thrombus-by-using-spio-enhanced-b-tfe-with-the-t2-preparation-pulse-technique
#15
Masayuki Kanamoto, Tosiaki Miyati, Kazuki Terashima, Kei Katahira, Ryoji Ida, Daisaku Suga, Nobukazu Fuwa
The purpose of this study was to compare between superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced three-dimensional balanced turbo field-echo (B-TFE) sequence with T2 preparation pulse (T2 prep) and T2*-weighted imaging (T2*WI) for the simultaneous detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and vessel thrombus. For 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging, SPIO was administered to 23 patients with a portal or venous tumor thrombus, and B-TFE with T2 prep and T2*WI were acquired. Regions of interest in the B-TFE and T2*WI were selected for the tumor, liver, tumor thrombus, and vessels...
February 3, 2017: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151553/meta-analysis-of-dorsolateral-nigral-hyperintensity-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-as-a-marker-for-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Philipp Mahlknecht, Florian Krismer, Werner Poewe, Klaus Seppi
BACKGROUND: Dorsolateral nigral hyperintensity on iron-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences seems to be a typical finding in Parkinson's disease (PD), but most studies have involved small samples and have had heterogeneous control populations. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis on dorsolateral nigral hyperintensity as an imaging marker for PD. METHODS: The methods included a systematic literature search and a hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristics curve approach...
February 2, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150848/polymer-hybrid-magnetic-nanocapsules-encapsulating-ir820-and-ptx-for-external-magnetic-field-guided-tumor-targeting-and-multifunctional-theranostics
#17
JinFeng Liao, XiaWei Wei, Bei Ran, JinRong Peng, Ying Qu, ZhiYong Qian
Developing multifunctional nanoparticle-based theranostic systems for personalized cancer diagnosis and treatment is highly desirable. Herein, a magnetic targeting theranostic nanocapsule (NC-SPIOs-IR820-PTX) was fabricated by hierarchically assembling superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs), cyanine dye (IR820) and chemotherapeutic compound of paclitaxel (PTX) with poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide) (PCLA-PEG-PCLA). The nanocapsules exhibited high stability and biocompatibility both in vitro and in vivo...
February 2, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146360/large-scale-facile-transfer-of-oleic-acid-stabilized-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-to-the-aqueous-phase-for-biological-applications
#18
Jing Cai, Yu Qing Miao, Bao Zhi Yu, Pei Ma, Li Li, Hai Ming Fan
Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesized via thermal decomposition in the organic phase have attracted tremendous research interest because of their unique morphology, size dispersion, and crystallinity. However, their poor water dispersibility strongly limited their development in biomedical applications. Therefore, a phase-transfer strategy through which hydrophobic nanoparticles with good performance in the aqueous phase can be obtained is an extremely critical issue. Herein, we present a large-scale, facile, highly efficient strategy for the phase transfer of oleic acid-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles via a reverse-micelle-based oxidative reaction...
February 8, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144400/cutting-edge-clinical-applications-in-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#19
EDITORIAL
Carlo N De Cecco, Giuseppe Muscogiuri, Akos Varga-Szemes, U Joseph Schoepf
Today, the use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is widespread in clinical practice. The increased need to evaluate of subtle myocardial changes, coronary artery anatomy, and hemodynamic assessment has prompted the development of novel CMR techniques including T1 and T2 mapping, non-contrast angiography and four dimensional (4D) flow. T1 mapping is suitable for diagnosing pathologies affecting extracellular volume such as myocarditis, diffuse myocardial fibrosis and amyloidosis, and is a promising diagnostic tool for patients with iron overload and Fabry disease...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142329/preparation-of-gelatin-nanospheres-incorporating-quantum-dots-and-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-for-multimodal-cell-imaging
#20
Yuki Murata, Jun-Ichiro Jo, Yasuhiko Tabata
The objective of this study is to prepare a multimodal probe which can simultaneously visualize cells by optical and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging modalities. Gelatin nanospheres incorporating quantum dots (QD) and iron oxide nanoparticles (IONP) were prepared by the conventional emulsion method. The percentage of QD and IONP incorporated in gelatin nanospheres was changed by the concentrations of gelatin and glutaraldehyde used. However, the apparent size and surface zeta potential were hardly changed. Gelatin nanospheres incorporating QD and IONP were treated with octa-arginine (R8) of a cell-penetrating peptide...
April 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
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