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iron and magnetic resonance imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429228/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-tumors-with-the-use-of-iron-oxide-magnetic-nanoparticles-as-a-contrast-agent
#1
A S Semkina, M A Abakumov, N F Grinenko, A A Lipengolts, N V Nukolova, V P Chekhonin
We studied the possibility of using BSA-coated magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis of C6 glioblastoma, 4T1 mammary adenocarcinoma, and RS-1 hepatic mucous carcinoma. In all three cases, magnetic nanoparticles accumulated in the tumor and its large vessels. Magnetic resonance imaging with contrast agent allows visualization of the tumor tissue and its vascularization.
April 21, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426929/exerting-enhanced-permeability-and-retention-effect-driven-delivery-by-ultrafine-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-with-t1-t2-switchable-magnetic-resonance-imaging-contrast
#2
Liya Wang, Jing Huang, Hongbo Chen, Hui Wu, Yaolin Xu, Yuancheng Li, Hong Yi, Yongqiang Andrew Wang, Lily Yang, Hui Mao
The poor delivery efficiency remains a major challenge in nanomaterial based tumor targeted imaging and drug delivery. This work demonstrated a strategy to improve nanoparticle delivery and intratumoral distribution using a sub-5 nm (3.5 nm core size) ultrafine iron oxide nanoparticles (uIONPs) that can easily extravasate from the tumor vasculature and readily diffuse into the tumor tissue compared to iron oxide nanoparticles (IONP) with larger sizes, followed by self-assembling in the acidic tumor interstitial space to limit their re-entering the circulation...
April 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423951/preparation-characterization-and-dynamical-mechanical-properties-of-dextran-coated-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-dionps
#3
Hatice Kaplan Can, Serap Kavlak, Shahed ParviziKhosroshahi, Ali Güner
Dextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticles (DIONPs) with appropriate surface chemistry exhibit many interesting properties that can be exploited in a variety of biomedical applications such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast enhancement, tissue repair, hyperthermia, drug delivery and in cell separation. This paper reports the experimental detail for preparation, characterization and investigation of thermal and dynamical mechanical characteristics of the dextran-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles. In our work, DIONPs were prepared in a 1:2 ratio of Fe(II) and Fe(III) salt in the HCl solution with NaOH at given temperature...
April 20, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416757/theranostic-imaging-of-liver-cancer-using-targeted-optical-mri-dual-modal-probes
#4
Qingshan Chen, Wenting Shang, Chaoting Zeng, Kun Wang, Xiaoyuan Liang, Chongwei Chi, Xiao Liang, Jian Yang, Chihua Fang, Jie Tian
The accurate preoperative detection and intraoperative navigation afforded by imaging techniques have had significant impact on the success of liver cancer surgeries. However, it is difficult to achieve satisfactory performance in both diagnosis and surgical treatment processes using any single modality imaging method. Here, we report the synthesis and characteristics of a novel dual-modality magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) probe and verify its feasibility in nude mouse models with liver cancer...
February 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415402/fattigation-platform-theranostic-nanoparticles-for-cancer-therapy
#5
Thao Truong-Dinh Tran, Phuong Ha-Lien Tran, Tae-Jong Yoon, Beom-Jin Lee
A new conceptual nanoparticle consisting of a silica-coated iron oxide magnetic core and a fattigation-based biocompatible shell with oleic acid and hydrophilic protein (gelatin). The prepared particle can be a useful theranostics platform material for diagnostic imaging and as a drug delivery system. Oleic acid and gelatin were conjugated on the silica-coated magnetic nanoparticle surface to provide three primary functionalities: 1) enhancing biocompatibility and solubility in aqueous solution and providing the ability to incorporate hydrophobic chemical drugs into the shell for delivery, 2) improving treatment-response magnetic monitoring as a diagnostic agent with low nanotoxicity, and 3) increasing anticancer efficacy owing to the controlled release of the incorporated drug in cells and in an animal model...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411307/ferumoxytol-is-not-retained-in-kidney-allografts-in-patients-undergoing-acute-rejection
#6
Maryam Aghighi, Laura Pisani, Ashok J Theruvath, Anne M Muehe, Jessica Donig, Ramsha Khan, Samantha J Holdsworth, Neeraja Kambham, Waldo Concepcion, Paul C Grimm, Heike E Daldrup-Link
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (USPIO)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can detect allograft rejection in pediatric kidney transplant patients. PROCEDURES: The USPIO ferumoxytol has a long blood half-life and is phagocytosed by macrophages. In an IRB-approved single-center prospective clinical trial, 26 pediatric patients and adolescents (age 10-26 years) with acute allograft rejection (n = 5), non-rejecting allografts (n = 13), and normal native kidneys (n = 8) underwent multi-echo T2* fast spoiled gradient-echo (FSPGR) MRI after intravenous injection (p...
April 14, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406012/immunomodulatory-magnetic-microspheres-for-augmenting-tumor-specific-infiltration-of-natural-killer-nk-cells
#7
Wooram Park, Andrew C Gordon, Soojeong Cho, Xiaoke Huang, Kathleen R Harris, Andrew C Larson, Dong-Hyun Kim
The purpose of this research is to develop magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) visible immunomodulatory microspheres (IMM-MS) for efficient image guided cancer immunotherapy. IMM-MS composed of recombinant interferon gamma (IFN-γ), iron oxide nanocubes (IONC), and biodegradable poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) were successfully prepared via a double-emulsion method. The prepared IMM-MS exhibited a sustained IFN-γ release and highly sensitive MR T2 contrast effects. Finally, in an orthotopic liver tumor VX2 rabbit model, successful hepatic intra-arterial (IA) transcatheter delivery of IMM-MS to liver tumors was confirmed with MR images...
April 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403942/mr-signal-fat-fraction-analysis-and-t2-weighted-imaging-measure-bat-reliably-on-humans-without-cold-exposure
#8
Milja Holstila, Marko Pesola, Teemu Saari, Kalle Koskensalo, Juho Raiko, Ronald J H Borra, Pirjo Nuutila, Riitta Parkkola, Kirsi A Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is compositionally distinct from white adipose tissue (WAT) in terms of triglyceride and water content. In adult humans, the most significant BAT depot is localized in the supraclavicular area. Our aim is to differentiate brown adipose tissue from white adipose tissue using fat T2* relaxation time mapping and signal-fat-fraction (SFF) analysis based on a commercially available modified 2-point-Dixon (mDixon) water-fat separation method. We hypothesize that magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can reliably measure BAT regardless of the cold-induced metabolic activation, with BAT having a significantly higher water and iron content compared to WAT...
May 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399703/value-of-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-for-detection-of-clinically-silent-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-patients-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia
#9
Mozhgan Parsaee, Sedigheh Saedi, Pegah Joghataei, Azita Azarkeivan, Zahra Alizadeh Sani
OBJECTIVE: β-Thalassemia is an inherited hemoglobin disorder resulting in chronic hemolytic anemia requiring chronic transfusion therapy. Cardiac involvement is the main cause of death in patients with thalassemia major. The narrow border is between overt myocardial dysfunction and clinically silent left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with thalassemia. Therefore, we need novel parameters in different imaging techniques to discover cardiac involvement in an early and subtle stage...
April 12, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399459/multiple-hyperthermia-mediated-release-of-trail-spion-nanocomplex-from-thermosensitive-polymeric-hydrogels-for-combination-cancer-therapy
#10
Zhi-Qiang Zhang, Soo-Chang Song
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) possesses strong anti-cancer potential because of its ability to specifically kill cancer cells. However, clinical use of TRAIL is impeded by its short in vivo half-life and native TRIAL-resistant cancer cell populations. To overcome these limitations, we designed a multiple magnetic hyperthermia (MHT)-mediated TRAIL release system for combination therapy using an injectable, biodegradable and thermosensitive polymeric hydrogel. In this system, positively charged TRAIL and hydrophobic superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are complexed with negatively charged poly(organophosphazene) polymers via ionic and hydrophobic interactions, respectively...
July 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396958/the-function-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-immature-dendritic-cells-under-ultrasmall-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-uspio-labeling
#11
Wei Zhang, Shuihua Zhang, Wan Xu, Min Zhang, Quan Zhou, Wenli Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) labeling on the maturity or immune tolerance of immature dendritic cells (imDCs) as the success of immunotherapy with immature dendritic cells is highly dependent on immune tolerance. RESULTS: The feasibility of tracking implanted USPIO-labeled imDCs in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was explored. The effects of USPIO labeling on the immune tolerance of imDCs was examined...
April 10, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388503/synthesis-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-fluorescent-and-magnetic-nanoparticles-functionalized-with-a-cell-penetrating-peptide-for-cancer-theranosis
#12
Emiliana Perillo, Katel Hervé-Aubert, Emilie Allard-Vannier, Annarita Falanga, Stefania Galdiero, Igor Chourpa
We synthesized rationally designed multifunctional nanoparticles (NPs) composed of a superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION) core, cyanine fluorescent dye emitting in far red, polyethylene glycol (PEG5000) coating, and the membranotropic peptide gH625, from the cell-penetrating peptides (CPP) family. The peptide sequence was enriched with an additional cysteine so it can be involved as a reactive moiety in a certain orientation- and sequence-specific coupling of the CPP to the PEG shell of the NPs...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383201/polyphenol-inspired-facile-construction-of-smart-assemblies-for-atp-and-ph-responsive-tumor-mr-optical-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy
#13
Xiao-Rong Song, Shi-Hua Li, Jiayong Dai, Liang Song, Guoming Huang, Ruhui Lin, Juan Li, Gang Liu, Huang-Hao Yang
Smart assemblies have attracted increased interest in various areas, especially in developing novel stimuli-responsive theranostics. Herein, commercially available, natural tannic acid (TA) and iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3 O4 NPs) are utilized as models to construct smart magnetic assemblies based on polyphenol-inspired NPs-phenolic self-assembly between NPs and TA. Interestingly, the magnetic assemblies can be specially disassembled by adenosine triphosphate, which shows a stronger affinity to Fe3 O4 NPs than that of TA and partly replaces the surface coordinated TA...
April 6, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382713/ultra-small-superparamagnetic-iron-oxides-for-metastatic-lymph-node-detection-back-on-the-block
#14
REVIEW
Ansje S Fortuin, Roger Brüggemann, Janine van der Linden, Ilia Panfilov, Bas Israël, Tom W J Scheenen, Jelle O Barentsz
In the past 15 years, encouraging clinical results for the detection of small lymph node metastases was obtained by the use of Combidex-enhanced MRI (CEM, also known as magnetic resonance lymphography). Withdrawal of the European Medicines Agency approval application by the manufacturer made it impossible for patients to benefit from this agent; a loss, especially for men with prostate cancer. Current conventional imaging techniques are not as accurate as CEM is, thus a surgical diagnostic exploration (extended lymph node dissection) is still the preferred technique to evaluate the lymph nodes, resulting in peri- and postoperative complications...
April 6, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378708/first-in-vivo-traumatic-brain-injury-imaging-via-magnetic-particle-imaging
#15
Ryan Orendorff, Austin J Peck, Bo Zheng, Shawn N Shirazi, R Matthew Ferguson, Amit P Khandhar, Scott J Kemp, Patrick Goodwill, Kannan M Krishnan, George A Brooks, Daniela Kaufer, Steven Conolly
Emergency room visits due to traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common, but classifying the severity of the injury remains an open challenge. Some subjective methods such as the Glasgow Coma Scale attempt to classify traumatic brain injuries, as well as some imaging based modalities such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. However, to date it is still difficult to detect and monitor mild to moderate injuries. In this report, we demonstrate that the magnetic particle imaging (MPI) modality can be applied to imaging TBI events with excellent contrast...
April 5, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372549/the-ferumoxytol-for-anemia-of-ckd-trial-fact-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-repeated-doses-of-ferumoxytol-or-iron-sucrose-in-patients-on-hemodialysis-background-and-rationale
#16
Iain C Macdougall, Naomi V Dahl, Kristine Bernard, Zhu Li, Alka Batyky, William E Strauss
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common manifestation of chronic kidney disease (CKD), affecting most patients on hemodialysis and imposing a substantial clinical burden. Treatment with iron supplementation increases hemoglobin levels and can reduce the severity of anemia in patients with CKD. While correcting anemia in these patients is an important therapeutic goal, there is a lack of long-term trials directly comparing intravenous iron therapies in patients with CKD receiving hemodialysis...
April 3, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371584/ultrasmall-ferrite-nanoparticles-synthesized-via-dynamic-simultaneous-thermal-decomposition-for-high-performance-and-multifunctional-t1-magnetic-resonance-imaging-contrast-agent
#17
Huan Zhang, Li Li, Xiao Li Liu, Ju Jiao, Cheng-Teng Ng, Jia Bao Yi, Yan E Luo, Boon-Huat Bay, Ling Yun Zhao, Ming Li Peng, Ning Gu, Hai Ming Fan
Large-scale synthesis of monodisperse ultrasmall metal ferrite nanoparticles as well as understanding the correlations between chemical composition and MR signal enhancement is critical for developing next-generation, ultrasensitive T1 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) nanoprobes. Herein, taking ultrasmall MnFe2O4 nanoparticles (UMFNPs) as a model system, we report a general dynamic simultaneous thermal decomposition (DSTD) strategy for controllable synthesis of monodisperse ultrasmall metal ferrite nanoparticles with sizes smaller than 4 nm...
April 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370449/the-role-of-high-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-parkinsonian-disorders-pushing-the-boundaries-forward
#18
REVIEW
Stéphane Lehericy, David E Vaillancourt, Klaus Seppi, Oury Monchi, Irena Rektorova, Angelo Antonini, Martin J McKeown, Mario Masellis, Daniela Berg, James B Rowe, Simon J G Lewis, Caroline H Williams-Gray, Alessandro Tessitore, Hartwig R Siebner
Historically, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has contributed little to the study of Parkinson's disease (PD), but modern MRI approaches have unveiled several complementary markers that are useful for research and clinical applications. Iron- and neuromelanin-sensitive MRI detect qualitative changes in the substantia nigra. Quantitative MRI markers can be derived from diffusion weighted and iron-sensitive imaging or volumetry. Functional brain alterations at rest or during task performance have been captured with functional and arterial spin labeling perfusion MRI...
April 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367603/mr-elastography-high-rate-of-technical-success-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients
#19
Madalsa Joshi, Jonathan R Dillman, Alexander J Towbin, Suraj D Serai, Andrew T Trout
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance (MR) elastography allows the noninvasive assessment of liver stiffness, which is a surrogate for fibrosis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe our experience using liver MR elastography in a large pediatric population with attention to the frequency and causes of exam failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging records were searched for patients ≤18 years of age who underwent 2-D gradient recalled echo (GRE) MR elastography of the liver between September 2011 and August 2015 on one of two 1...
April 3, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363789/ph-responsive-phlip-ph-low-insertion-peptide-nanoclusters-of-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-as-a-tumor-selective-mri-contrast-agent
#20
Yushuang Wei, Rufang Liao, Abdulrahman Ahmed Mahmood, Haibo Xu, Qibing Zhou
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) are contrast agents used for noninvasive tumor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). SPION with active targeting by tumor-specific ligands can effectively enhance the MRI sensitivity and specificity of tumors. However, the challenge remains when the tumor specific markers are yet to be determined, especially in the case of early tumor detection. In this study, the effectiveness of pH-responsive SPION via a pH low insertion peptide (pHLIP) to target tumor acidic microenvironments was investigated...
March 28, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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