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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222159/the-role-of-spatial-mobility-in-malaria-transmission-in-the-brazilian-amazon-the-case-of-porto-velho-municipality-rond%C3%A3-nia-brazil-2010-2012
#1
Jussara Rafael Angelo, Tony Hiroshi Katsuragawa, Paulo Chagastelles Sabroza, Lino Augusto Sander de Carvalho, Luiz Hildebrando Pereira da Silva, Carlos Afonso Nobre
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the role of mobility in malaria transmission by discussing recent changes in population movements in the Brazilian Amazon and developing a flow map of disease transmission in this region. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This study presents a descriptive analysis using an ecological approach on regional and local scales. The study location was the municipality of Porto Velho, which is the capital of Rondônia state, Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220100/season-and-weather-effects-on-travel-related-mood-and-travel-satisfaction
#2
Dick Ettema, Margareta Friman, Lars E Olsson, Tommy Gärling
This study examines the effects of season and weather on mood (valence and activation) and travel satisfaction (measured by the Satisfaction with Travel Scale). Analyses are presented of 562 time-sampled morning commutes to work made by 363 randomly sampled people in three different Swedish cities asking them to use smartphones to report their mood in their home before and directly after the commutes. These reports as well as satisfaction with the commute obtained in summer and winter are linked to weather data and analyzed by means of fixed-effects regression analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215244/driving-home-from-the-night-shift-a-bright-light-intervention-study
#3
Denise M Weisgerber, Maria Nikol, Ralph E Mistlberger
: Sleep deprivation (SD) impairs vigilance and increases the risk of driving accidents during the commute home after night work. Bright light (BL) can enhance alertness and cognitive performance. We examined the effects of BL (5600 lux) versus dim light (DL, 35 lux) at the end of a night awake on driving performance. METHODS: Subjects (N = 19, 22.8 ± 4 ya) completed three conditions, counterbalanced for order at >1 week intervals. The two overnight SD conditions began in the lab at usual bedtime...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188054/exposure-to-air-pollutants-during-commuting-in-london-are-there-inequalities-among-different-socio-economic-groups
#4
Ioar Rivas, Prashant Kumar, Alex Hagen-Zanker
People with low income often experience higher exposures to air pollutants. We compared the exposure to particulate matter (PM1, PM2.5 and PM10), Black Carbon (BC) and ultrafine particles (PNCs; 0.02-1μm) for typical commutes by car, bus and underground from 4 London areas with different levels of income deprivation (G1 to G4, from most to least deprived). The highest BC and PM concentrations were found in G1 while the highest PNC in G3. Lowest concentrations for all pollutants were observed in G2. We found no systematic relationship between income deprivation and pollutant concentrations, suggesting that differences between transport modes are a stronger influence...
February 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174661/movement-patterns-of-a-keystone-waterbird-species-are-highly-predictable-from-landscape-configuration
#5
Erik Kleyheeg, Jacintha G B van Dijk, Despina Tsopoglou-Gkina, Tara Y Woud, Dieuwertje K Boonstra, Bart A Nolet, Merel B Soons
BACKGROUND: Movement behaviour is fundamental to the ecology of animals and their interactions with other organisms, and as such contributes to ecosystem dynamics. Waterfowl are key players in ecological processes in wetlands and surrounding habitats through predator-prey interactions and their transportation of nutrients and other organisms. Understanding the drivers of their movement behaviour is crucial to predict how environmental changes affect their role in ecosystem functioning...
2017: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135613/impacts-on-air-pollution-and-health-by-changing-commuting-from-car-to-bicycle
#6
Christer Johansson, Boel Lövenheim, Peter Schantz, Lina Wahlgren, Peter Almström, Anders Markstedt, Magnus Strömgren, Bertil Forsberg, Johan Nilsson Sommar
Our study is based on individual data on people's home and work addresses, as well as their age, sex and physical capacity, in order to establish realistic bicycle-travel distances. A transport model is used to single out data on commuting preferences in the County Stockholm. Our analysis shows there is a very large potential for reducing emissions and exposure if all car drivers living within a distance corresponding to a maximum of a 30min bicycle ride to work would change to commuting by bicycle. It would result in >111,000 new cyclists, corresponding to an increase of 209% compared to the current situation...
January 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119341/are-rural-places-less-safe-for-motorists-definitions-of-urban-and-rural-to-understand-road-safety-disparities
#7
Carolyn McAndrews, Kirsten Beyer, Clare E Guse, Peter Layde
The objectives of the study are to understand road safety within the context of regional development processes and to assess how urban-rural categories represent differences in motor vehicle occupant fatality risk. We analysed 2015 motor vehicle occupant deaths in Wisconsin from 2010 to 2014, using three definitions of urban-rural continua and negative binomial regression to adjust for population density, travel exposure and the proportion of teen residents. Rural-Urban Commuting Area codes, Beale codes and the Census definition of urban and rural places do not explain differences in urban and rural transportation fatality rates when controlling for population density...
January 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112714/-work-related-fatal-traffic-injuries-in-spain-according-to-travelling-reasons-and-sex-2010-2013
#8
María López-Ruiz, Núria Mancebo Fernández, Katherine Pérez, Laura Serra Saurina, Fernando G Benavides
OBJECTIVE: Most studies about work-related traffic injuries in Spain are based in labor administration information. The aim of this study was to carry out a description of fatal work-related traffic injuries in Spain according to travelling reason between 2010 and 2013, based on the Transport Authority database. METHODS: Descriptive study of fatal work-related traffic injuries that drivers between 16 and 70 years old suffered, whose reason for travelling was recorded as labour, occurred during working or commuting hours, between 2010 and 2013...
23, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088011/particulates-and-noise-exposure-during-bicycle-bus-and-car-commuting-a-study-in-three-european-cities
#9
Enembe O Okokon, Tarja Yli-Tuomi, Anu W Turunen, Pekka Taimisto, Arto Pennanen, Ilias Vouitsis, Zissis Samaras, Marita Voogt, Menno Keuken, Timo Lanki
BACKGROUND: In order to curb traffic-related air pollution and its impact on the physical environment, contemporary city commuters are encouraged to shift from private car use to active or public transport modes. However, personal exposures to particulate matter (PM), black carbon and noise during commuting may be substantial. Therefore, studies comparing exposures during recommended modes of transport versus car trips are needed. METHODS: We measured personal exposure to various-sized particulates, soot, and noise during commuting by bicycle, bus and car in three European cities: Helsinki in Finland, Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Thessaloniki in Greece using portable monitoring devices...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039182/national-10-year-trend-in-road-injuries-involving-school-children-on-the-way-to-and-from-school-in-japan-2003-2012
#10
Haruhiko Inada, Jun Tomio, Shinji Nakahara, Xin Xu, Ayako Taniguchi, Masao Ichikawa
OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively describe the recent longitudinal trend in road injuries involving school children while commuting to and from school in Japan and to identify groups or situations with particularly large or small decreasing trends. METHODS: Data on the number of children aged 6-15 years who sustained road injuries while commuting were obtained, stratified by year, demographic characteristics, mode of transport and other variables. The rates of killed or seriously injured (KSI) children were calculated from the number of KSI cases (the numerator) and the product of population and the proportion of each mode of transport estimated using the Person Trip Survey data (the denominator)...
December 30, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007633/the-go-actiwe-randomized-controlled-trial-an-interdisciplinary-study-designed-to-investigate-the-health-effects-of-active-commuting-and-leisure-time-physical-activity
#11
Mads Rosenkilde, Martin Bæk Petersen, Anne Sofie Gram, Jonas Salling Quist, Jonas Winther, Simon Due Kamronn, Desirée Hornbæk Milling, Jakob Eg Larsen, Astrid Pernille Jespersen, Bente Stallknecht
Regular physical activity is efficacious for improving metabolic health in overweight and obese individuals, yet, many adults lead sedentary lives. Most exercise interventions have targeted leisure time, but physical activity also takes place in other domains of everyday life. Active commuting represents a promising alternative to increase physical activity, but it has yet to be established whether active commuting conveys health benefits on par with leisure time physical activity (LTPA). A 6-month randomized controlled trial was designed to investigate the effects of increased physical activity in transport (bicycling) or leisure time domains (moderate or vigorous intensity endurance exercise)...
December 19, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992590/statistical-analysis-of-bus-networks-in-india
#12
Atanu Chatterjee, Manju Manohar, Gitakrishnan Ramadurai
In this paper, we model the bus networks of six major Indian cities as graphs in L-space, and evaluate their various statistical properties. While airline and railway networks have been extensively studied, a comprehensive study on the structure and growth of bus networks is lacking. In India, where bus transport plays an important role in day-to-day commutation, it is of significant interest to analyze its topological structure and answer basic questions on its evolution, growth, robustness and resiliency...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986862/demographic-factors-workplace-factors-and-active-transportation-use-in-the-usa-a-secondary-analysis-of-2009-nhts-data
#13
Tyler D Quinn, John M Jakicic, Carl I Fertman, Bethany Barone Gibbs
BACKGROUND: While active transportation has health, economic and environmental benefits, participation within the USA is low. The purpose of this study is to examine relationships of demographic and workplace factors with health-enhancing active transportation and commuting. METHODS: Participants in the 2009 National Household Travel Survey reported demographics, workplace factors (time/distance to work, flextime availability, option to work from home and work start time) and active transportation (for any purpose) or commuting (to and from work, workers only) as walking or biking (≥10 min bouts only)...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924739/active-commuting-to-school-in-finland-the-potential-for-physical-activity-increase-in-different-seasons
#14
Jouni Kallio, Salla Turpeinen, Harto Hakonen, Tuija Tammelin
BACKGROUND: Active commuting to school (ACS) can be a significant source of physical activity and provide many health benefits. OBJECTIVE: This study identified the potential to increase physical activity levels by promoting ACS in Finnish schools and evaluated the effects of season, distance and age on ACS. DESIGN: Data were collected with a questionnaire from 5,107 students, aged 10-16, in 45 comprehensive schools in Finland. The distance and the mode of transport to school in different seasons were self-reported...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894803/evaluating-the-impacts-of-the-clean-cities-program
#15
Shiyong Qiu, Nikhil Kaza
The Department of Energy's Clean Cities program was created in 1993 to reduce petroleum usage in the transportation sector. The program promotes alternative fuels such as biofuels and fuel-saving strategies such as idle reduction and fleet management through coalitions of local government, non-profit, and private actors. Few studies have evaluated the impact of the program because of its complexity that include interrelated strategies of grants, education and training and diversity of participants. This paper uses a Difference-in-Differences (DiD) approach to evaluate the effectiveness of the program between 1990 and 2010...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878483/fine-particulate-bound-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-vehicles-in-rome-italy
#16
Paola Romagnoli, Catia Balducci, Angelo Cecinato, Nunziata L'Episcopo, Claudio Gariazzo, Maria Pia Gatto, Andrea Gordiani, Monica Gherardi
Urban commuters are exposed to elevated levels of air pollutants, especially in heavily polluted areas and traffic congested roads. In order to assess the contribution of commuting to citizens' exposure, measurements of fine particulate (PM2.5) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were carried out in cars, busses, and metro trains, within the LIFE+ EXPAH Project. Monitoring campaigns were performed in Rome, Italy, from April 2011 to August 2012. Inside the busses, the concentration of total PAHs ranged from 2...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848721/results-from-malaysia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents
#17
Razinah Sharif, Kar Hau Chong, Nur Hadiyani Zakaria, Min Li Ong, John J Reilly, Jyh Eiin Wong, Hazizi Abu Saad, Bee Koon Poh
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Malaysia Active Healthy Kids Report Card aims to collect, assess, and grade current and comprehensive data on physical activity (PA) and associated factors in Malaysian children and adolescents aged 5 to 17 years. METHODS: This report card was developed following the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card protocol. The Research Working Group identified the core matrices, assessed the key data sources, and evaluated the evidence gathered for grade assignments...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799235/bicycling-to-work-and-primordial-prevention-of-cardiovascular-risk-a-cohort-study-among-swedish-men-and-women
#18
Anders Grøntved, Robert W Koivula, Ingegerd Johansson, Patrik Wennberg, Lars Østergaard, Göran Hallmans, Frida Renström, Paul W Franks
BACKGROUND: Bicycling to work may be a viable approach for achieving physical activity that provides cardiovascular health benefits. In this study we investigated the relationship of bicycling to work with incidence of obesity, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, and impaired glucose tolerance across a decade of follow-up in middle-aged men and women. METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed 23 732 Swedish men and women with a mean age of 43.5 years at baseline who attended a health examination twice during a 10-year period (1990-2011)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752309/socio-demographic-personal-environmental-and-behavioral-correlates-of-different-modes-of-transportation-to-work-among-norwegian-parents
#19
Oline Anita Bjørkelund, Hanna Degerud, Elling Bere
BACKGROUND: Cycling and brisk-walking to work represents an opportunity to incorporate sustainable transport related moderate- to- vigorous physical activity (MVPA) into daily routine among adults, and thus, may make an important contributing to health. Despite the fact that walking and cycling is an option for many commuters and also brings a number of benefits, a considerable proportion of commuters choose to use other means of transport when cycling and walking would be a highly appropriate transport mode...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748215/do-neighbourhoods-in-vancouver-and-surrounding-areas-demonstrate-different-rates-of-bystander-cpr-and-survival-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#20
David Barbic, Brian Klinkenberg, Brian Grunau, Jim Christenson
OBJECTIVE: No prior work exists examining the relation between the geographic distribution of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in the city of Vancouver and surrounding areas that may exhibit a clustering of cases. The primary objective of this study was to describe the distribution of OHCA within the Vancouver Coastal Health region using a geographic information system (GIS) analysis and appropriate statistical analyses. METHODS: This study was a post-hoc GIS-based analysis of OHCA patients in the city of Vancouver and surrounding areas, using data collected by the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium between September 2007 and December 2011...
October 17, 2016: CJEM
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