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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388492/the-impact-of-military-service-and-traumatic-brain-injury-on-the-substance-use-norms-of-army-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers-and-their-spouses
#1
J A Devonish, D L Homish, B M Vest, R C Daws, R A Hoopsick, G G Homish
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and substance use are highly prevalent conditions among military populations. There is a significant body of evidence that suggests greater approval of substance use (i.e., norms) is related to increased substance use. The objective of this work is to understand the impact of TBI and military service on substance use norms of soldiers and their partners. Data are from the baseline assessment of Operation: SAFETY, an ongoing, longitudinal study of US Army Reserve/National Guard (USAR/NG) soldiers and their partners...
September 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000473/estimaci%C3%A3-n-del-porcentaje-de-pacientes-con-epoc-adiestrados-en-consulta-para-el-manejo-de-inhaladores-estudio-adepocle
#2
Ana Beatriz De Abajo Larriba, Enrique Méndez Rodríguez, Javier González-Gallego, Jessica Capón Álvarez, Ángel Díaz Rodríguez, Beatriz Peleteiro Cobo, Omar Mahmoud Atoui, Serafín De Abajo Olea, Juan Martínez de Mandojana Hernández, Víctor Lumbreras González
Objetivos: estimar el porcentaje de pacientes con EPOC adiestrados en la consulta para el manejo de inhaladores en la provincia de León.Métodos: estudio epidemiológico, transversal, multicéntrico (30 centros de salud de la provincia de León). Incluyó pacientes mayores de 35 años diagnosticados y tratados de EPOC. Variables a estudio: edad, sexo, hábitat, datos antropométricos, estado nutricional, tabaquismo, espirometría postboroncodilatadora, disnea (mMRC), reagudizaciones, gravedad (Índice Bodex), hospitalizaciones, tratamiento, seguimiento y caracterización del fenotipo (GesEOPC 2014)...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982384/use-of-and-access-to-oral-and-injectable-contraceptives-in-brazil
#3
Mareni Rocha Farias, Silvana Nair Leite, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Vera Lucia Luiza, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Sotero Serrate Mengue
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of current use of oral and injectable contraceptives by Brazilian women, according to demographic and socioeconomic variables and issues related to access to those medicines. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based analytical study with probability sampling based on data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), carried out between September 2013 and February 2014 in 20,404 Brazilian urban households...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982382/access-to-medicines-for-chronic-diseases-in-brazil-a-multidimensional-approach
#4
Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Vera Lucia Luiza, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the access to medicines to treat non-communicable diseases in Brazil according to socioeconomic, demographic, and health-related factors, from a multidimensional perspective. METHODS: Analysis of data from the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM), household survey, sampling plan by conglomerates with representativeness of the Brazilian population and large areas of the country, according to sex and age domains...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982381/national-survey-on-access-use-and-promotion-of-rational-use-of-medicines-pnaum-household-survey-component-methods
#5
Sotero Serrate Mengue, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Alexandra Crispim Boing, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Vera Lucia Luiza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Aluísio Jardim Dornellas de Barros
OBJECTIVE: To describe methodological aspects of the household survey National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM) related to sampling design and implementation, the actual obtained sample, instruments and fieldwork. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study with probability sampling in three stages of the population living in households located in Brazilian urban areas. Fieldwork was carried out between September 2013 and February 2014...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982373/prevalence-of-self-medication-in-brazil-and-associated-factors
#6
Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Maria Eneida Porto Fernandes, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Vera Lucia Luiza, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and associated factors regarding the use of medicines by self-medication in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted using data from the PNAUM (National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), collected between September 2013 and February 2014 by interviews at the homes of the respondents. All people who reported using any medicines not prescribed by a doctor or dentist were classified as self-medication practitioners...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812636/gel-pillow-designed-specifically-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treatment-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#7
Adriana Salvaggio, Anna Lo Bue, Serena Iacono Isidoro, Salvatore Romano, Oreste Marrone, Giuseppe Insalaco
Objective: To determine whether the use of a gel pillow with side cutouts designed to accommodate a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask and reduce head temperature improves the efficacy of and adherence to auto-CPAP therapy. Methods: Twenty-three consecutive CPAP-naïve patients with obstructive sleep apnea were enrolled in the study. Patients were given an auto-CPAP machine with an appropriate CPAP mask and were instructed to use CPAP for 15 nights...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571647/-not-available
#8
Marta Germán Díaz, José Manuel Moreno Villares, Pilar Gomis Muñoz
Introducción: la nutrición parenteral domiciliaria se ha convertido en un punto clave en el tratamiento de pacientes con fracaso intestinal crónico. A pesar de los importantes avances que se han producido en las últimas décadas, tanto en los accesos vasculares, como en las soluciones empleadas, las infecciones asociadas a catéter venoso central siguen constituyendo una de las complicaciones más importantes. Dentro de las estrategias para la prevención o el tratamiento de estas infecciones se encuentra el empleo de sellados con antisépticos, como el etanol o la taurolidina, o de antibióticos...
July 19, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556874/solid-waste-management-in-primary-healthcare-centers-application-of-a-facilitation-tool
#9
Ana Maria Maniero Moreira, Wanda Maria Risso Günther
OBJECTIVES: to propose a tool to facilitate diagnosis, formulation and evaluation of the Waste Management Plan in Primary Healthcare Centers and to present the results of the application in four selected units. METHOD: descriptive research, covering the stages of formulation /application of the proposed instrument and the evaluation of waste management performance at the units. RESULTS: the tool consists in five forms; specific indicators of waste generation for outpatients healthcare units were proposed, and performance indicators that give scores for compliance with current legislation...
August 18, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441249/establishing-the-volatile-profile-of-pig-carcasses-as-analogues-for-human-decomposition-during-the-early-postmortem-period
#10
P Armstrong, K D Nizio, K A Perrault, S L Forbes
Following a mass disaster, it is important that victims are rapidly located as the chances of survival decrease greatly after approximately 48 h. Urban search and rescue (USAR) teams may use a range of tools to assist their efforts but detector dogs still remain one of the most effective search tools to locate victims of mass disasters. USAR teams can choose to deploy human scent dogs (trained to locate living victims) or human remains detection (HRD) dogs (trained to locate deceased victims). However, little is known about the variation between live human scent and postmortem human remains scent and the timeframe during which one type of scent transitions to the other...
February 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439457/fingerprick-versus-oral-swab-acceptability-of-blood-based-testing-increases-if-other-stis-can-be-detected
#11
Ivan Balán, Timothy Frasca, Mobolaji Ibitoye, Curtis Dolezal, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
Self-testing has untapped potential as a strategy to improve access to HIV testing and to increase testing frequency. User acceptability of self-administered oral swab HIV tests is consistently high in both hypothetical and actual-use studies. We explored preferences for oral versus fingerprick HIV self-tests among men who have sex with men with a high risk profile. Participants indicated greater likelihood of using an oral swab over a blood-based test, notwithstanding lower price or quicker results from the latter...
February 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419681/-managerial-nursing-competencies-in-the-expansion-of-the-family-health-strategy
#12
Ingrid Margareth Voth Lowen, Aida Maris Peres, Karla Crozeta, Elizabeth Bernardino, Carmem Lúcia Colomé Beck
OBJECTIVE: To relate the managerial competencies required of nurses with the process of change experienced in the expansion of the Family Health Strategy (FHS). METHOD: A qualitative research conducted in primary health care in a southern Brazilian city, through interviews with 32 managerial and clinical nurses. The interviews were processed by IRAMUTEQ software. The resulting classes were examined under five managerial competencies to promote change. RESULTS: The four classes obtained from data were: the Family Health Strategy expansion process; confrontations and potentialities; mobilization for the change; innovations in medical and nursing consultations...
December 2015: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366512/breakage-of-an-epidural-catheter-inserted-for-labor-analgesia
#13
Pınar Üşar, Aysun Afife Kar, Güven Çıtak, Jale Maral, Şeyda Canlı
The breakage of an epidural catheter, which is usually not noticed, is a rare but important complication encountered while inserting or removing the catheter during epidural blockade. While the epidural catheter was being inserted for labor analgesia, despite no problem being encountered in advancing the catheter, it was drawn back to verify the location; it was observed that 2 cm of the distal end of the catheter was missing. A neurosurgical consultation was requested; it was reported that the broken piece would not create any problems and reintervention could be performed for labor analgesia...
August 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275594/analysis-of-electrocautery-generated-smoke-by-chromatographic-mass-spectrometry
#14
Jefferson Kalil, Francisco B T Pessine, Carlos H V Fidelis, Fabio H Menezes, Paulo Cesar Rodrigues Palma
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the chemical components of the smoke from electrocautery from coagulating muscle and liver tissues of pigs. METHODS: we collected smoke produced by electrocautery applied to porcine tissue in previously evacuated bottles, with qualitative and quantitative analysis of the compounds present through the hyphenated technique gas chromatography / mass spectrometry. RESULTS: there was a majority of decanal aldehyde in the fumes from the subcutaneous, muscle and liver tissues...
March 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606179/response-of-two-rice-cultivars-differing-in-their-sensitivity-towards-arsenic-differs-in-their-expression-of-glutaredoxin-and-glutathione-s-transferase-genes-and-antioxidant-usage
#15
Arvind Kumar Dubey, Navin Kumar, Nayan Sahu, Pankaj Kumar Verma, Ruma Ranjan, Debasis Chakrabarty, Soumit K Behera, Shekhar Mallick
Embodied study investigates the role of GRX and associated antioxidant enzymes in the detoxification mechanism between arsenic (As) sensitive (Usar-3) and tolerant cultivar (Pant Dhan 11) of Oryza sativa against As(III) and As(V), under GSH enriched, and GSH deprived conditions. The overall growth and physiological parameters in sensitive cultivar were lower than the tolerant cultivar, against various treatments of As(III) and As(V). The As accumulation in sensitive cv. against both As(III) and As(V) was lower than the corresponding treatments in tolerant cv...
February 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26283578/cracking-the-humanitarian-logistic-coordination-challenge-lessons-from-the-urban-search-and-rescue-community
#16
Peter Tatham, Karen Spens
The challenges of achieving successful inter-agency logistic coordination in preparing for and responding to natural disasters and complex emergencies are both well understood and well documented. However, although many of these challenges remain unresolved, the literature reveals that the organisations that form the urban search and rescue (USAR) community have attained a high level of coherence and interoperability that results in a highly efficient and effective response. Therefore, this paper uses the idea of 'borrowing' from other fields as it explores how the processes and procedures used by the USAR community might be applied to improve humanitarian logistic operations...
April 2016: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26102049/-new-horizont-in-the-fight-against-bacterial-resistance
#17
EDITORIAL
Eduardo Sánchez de Badajoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26089266/-%C3%A3-ndice-de-saturaci%C3%A3-n-modificado-y-ambulancias-isma-ambulance-assignment-and-remote-emergency-room-bed-reservation
#18
Carlos Polanco-González, Jorge Alberto Castañón-González, Sebastián Villanueva-Martínez, José Lino Samaniego-Mendoza, Thomas Buhse
INTRODUCTION: In most places all over the world–including our country–services in emergency rooms are oversaturated. This situation frequently forces the continuously arriving ambulances to be redirected to other medical units, delaying the admission of patients moved and thus adversely affecting their physical condition. OBJECTIVE: To introduce an improvement to the Índicede Saturación Modificado computational system, which monitors the degree of saturation of a network of emergency medical services, to include a network of ambulances, enabling in the system: (i) the effective allocation of ambulances to the site of the accident, or severe clinical event, and (ii) the remote booking of beds in the nearest and least saturated emergency room available...
May 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25939113/risk-of-dental-disease-non-battle-injuries-and-severity-of-dental-disease-in-deployed-u-s-army-personnel
#19
Barbara E Wojcik, Wioletta Szeszel-Fedorowicz, Rebecca J Humphrey, Paul Colthirst, Alicia C Guerrero, John W Simecek, Adam Fedorowicz, Steven Eikenberg, Georgia G Rogers, Philip DeNicolo
Dental Disease and Non-Battle Injuries (D-DNBI) continue to be a problem among U.S. Army active duty (AD), U.S. Army National Guard (ARNG), and U.S. Army Reserve (USAR) deployed soldiers to Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn in Iraq and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. A previous study reported the annual rates to be 136 D-DNBI per 1,000 personnel for AD, 152 for ARNG, and 184 for USAR. The objectives of this study were to describe D-DNBI incidence and to determine risk factors for dental encounters and high severity diagnoses for deployed soldiers...
May 2015: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25741656/intimate-partner-violence-after-the-diagnosis-of-sexually-transmitted-diseases
#20
Roumayne Fernandes Vieira Andrade, Maria Alix Leite Araújo, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira, Cláudia Bastos Silveira Reis, Angélica Espinosa Miranda
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and factors associated with intimate partner violence after the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases. METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted in Fortaleza, CE, Northeastern Brazil, in 2012 and involved 221 individuals (40.3% male and 59.7% female) attended to at reference health care units for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Data were collected using a questionnaire applied during interviews with each participant. A multivariate analysis with a logistic regression model was conducted using the stepwise technique...
2015: Revista de Saúde Pública
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