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training paramedics

Joseph K Maddry, Alejandra G Mora, Shelia Savell, Lauren K Reeves, Crystal A Perez, Vikhyat S Bebarta
BACKGROUND: Medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) is the movement and en route care of injured and medically compromised patients by medical care providers via helicopter. Military MEDEVAC platforms provide lifesaving interventions that improve survival in combat. There is limited evidence to support decision making related to en route care and allocation of resources. The association between provider type and en route care is not well understood. Our objective was to describe MEDEVAC providers and identify associations between provider type, procedures performed, and outcomes...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Mark Xavier Cicero, Travis Whitfill, Frank Overly, Janette Baird, Barbara Walsh, Jorge Yarzebski, Antonio Riera, Kathleen Adelgais, Garth D Meckler, Carl Baum, David Christopher Cone, Marc Auerbach
OBJECTIVE: Paramedics and emergency medical technicians (EMTs) triage pediatric disaster victims infrequently. The objective of this study was to measure the effect of a multiple-patient, multiple-simulation curriculum on accuracy of pediatric disaster triage (PDT). METHODS: Paramedics, paramedic students, and EMTs from three sites were enrolled. Triage accuracy was measured three times (Time 0, Time 1 [two weeks later], and Time 2 [6 months later]) during a disaster simulation, in which high and low fidelity manikins and actors portrayed 10 victims...
October 17, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
C M Inness, K L Morgan
Polo, one of the world's oldest sports, is played in over 80 countries. It is unique in combining the skills of a person with the agility and performance of an animal in a contact sport. There is only one report of the frequency and type of injuries in this population. Here we report risk perception, mitigation and risk factors for injuries and falls in UK polo players. Data were collected retrospectively from a random sample of 112 UK polo players by telephone questionnaire. Injuries (commonly to a shoulder or wrist) requiring a hospital visit were sustained by 17...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Ben Beck, Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Tony Walker, Hugh Grantham, Cindy Hein, Melanie Thorrowgood, Anthony Smith, Madoka Inoue, Tony Smith, Bridget Dicker, Andy Swain, Emma Bosley, Katherine Pemberton, Michael Mckay, Malcolm Johnston-Leek, Peter Cameron, Gavin D Perkins, Judith Finn
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe and examine similarities and differences in the current service provision and resuscitation protocols of the ambulance services participating in the Aus-ROC Australian and New Zealand out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) Epistry. Understanding these similarities and differences is important in identifying ambulance service factors that might explain regional variation in survival of OHCA in the Aus-ROC Epistry. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was completed by each of the ambulance services participating in the Aus-ROC Epistry...
October 11, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Sube Banerjee, Nicolas Farina, Stephanie Daley, Wendy Grosvenor, Leila Hughes, Molly Hebditch, Sophie Mackrell, Ramin Nilforooshan, Chris Wyatt, Kay de Vries, Inam Haq, Juliet Wright
OBJECTIVES: Traditional healthcare education, delivered through a series of time-limited clinical placements, often fails to deliver an understanding of the experiences of those with long-term conditions, a growing issue for healthcare systems. Responses include longitudinal integrated clerkships and senior mentor programmes allowing students' longer placements, continuity of contact and opportunities to learn about chronic illness and patient experience. We review their development and delivery in dementia and present the Time for Dementia (TFD) Programme, a novel 2-year interdisciplinary educational programme...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Aimee Alphonso, Marc Auerbach, Kirsten Bechtel, Kyle Bilodeau, Marcie Gawel, Jeannette Koziel, Travis Whitfill, Gunjan Kamdar Tiyyagura
OBJECTIVES: To develop and provide validity evidence for a performance checklist to evaluate the child abuse screening behaviors of prehospital providers. METHODS: Checklist Development: We developed the first iteration of the checklist after review of the relevant literature and on the basis of the authors' clinical experience. Next, a panel of six content experts participated in three rounds of Delphi review to reach consensus on the final checklist items. Checklist Validation: Twenty-eight emergency medical services (EMS) providers (16 EMT-Basics, 12 EMT-Paramedics) participated in a standardized simulated case of physical child abuse to an infant followed by one-on-one semi-structured qualitative interviews...
October 4, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Bertrand Glize, Manon Mauclere, Pierre-Alain Joseph, Igor Sibon, Patrick Dehail
OBJECTIVE: Access to a specialized rehabilitation is limited for most of post stroke patients who are often transferred in non-specialized rehabilitation hospitals. We have set up a multidisciplinary mobile team working in these hospitals. The aim of this pilot study was to describe the contribution of our mobile team specialized in post acute care of stroke. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected the changes in the management of rehabilitation for 31 patients hospitalized in non-specialized rehabilitation hospital referred to our mobile team...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Anne Maree Kelly, Anna Holdgate, Gerben Keijzers, Sharon Klim, Colin A Graham, Simon Craig, Win Sen Kuan, Peter Jones, Charles Lawoko, Said Laribi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine epidemiology and outcome for patients presenting to emergency departments (ED) with shortness of breath who were transported by ambulance. METHODS: This was a planned sub-study of a prospective, interrupted time series cohort study conducted at three time points in 2014 and which included consecutive adult patients presenting to the ED with dyspnoea as a main symptom. For this sub-study, additional inclusion criteria were presentation to an ED in Australia or New Zealand and transport by ambulance...
September 22, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Eric Doromandji, Andre Richard Gouaye, Pascal Gastien Yamba, Elysee Ephraim Guessy, Bertrand Ba-Mpoutou, Dieubeni Rawago Mandjiza, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Grace Mella, Boniface Koffi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide. High breast cancer mortality has been attributed to lack of public awareness of the disease. Little is known about the level of knowledge of breast cancer in Central African Republic. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of health professionals on breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 158 health professionals (27 medical; 131 paramedical) in 17 hospitals in Bangui using a self-administered questionnaire...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Niels Tangherlini, Julian Villar, John Brown, Robert M Rodriguez, Clement Yeh, Benjamin T Friedman, Paul Wada
OBJECTIVES: The San Francisco Fire Department's (SFFD; San Francisco, California USA) Homeless Outreach and Medical Emergency (HOME) Team is the United States' first Emergency Medical Services (EMS)-based outreach effort using a specially trained paramedic to redirect frequent users of EMS to other types of services. The effectiveness of this program at reducing repeat use of emergency services during the first seven months of the team's existence was examined. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of EMS use frequency and demographic characteristics of frequent users was conducted...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Alex J Fraess-Phillips
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this search was to review the current literature regarding paramedic triage of primary care patients and the safety of paramedic-initiated non-transport of non-urgent patients. METHODS: A narrative literature review was conducted using the Medline (Medline Industries, Inc.; Mundelein, Illinois USA) database and a manual search of Google Scholar (Google; Mountain View, California USA). RESULTS: Only 11 studies were found investigating paramedic triage and safety of non-transport of non-urgent patients...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Matthew J Reed, Louise Gibson, Alistair Dewar, Steven Short, Polly Black, Gareth R Clegg
OBJECTIVES: Can pre-hospital paramedic responders perform satisfactory pre-hospital Echo in Life Support (ELS) during the 10-second pulse check window, and does pre-hospital ELS adversely affect the delivery of cardiac arrest care. METHODS: Prospective observational study of a cohort of ELS trained paramedics using saved ultrasound clips and wearable camera videos. RESULTS: Between 23rd June 2014 and 31st January 2016, seven Resuscitation Rapid Response Unit (3RU) paramedics attended 45 patients in Lothian suffering out-of-hospital CA where resuscitation was attempted and ELS was available and performed...
September 13, 2016: Resuscitation
Maria Isabel Körber, Thomas Köhler, Verena Weiss, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
INTRODUCTION: Poor survival rates after cardiac arrest can partly be explained by poor basic life support skills in medical professionals. AIM: This study aimed to assess quality of basic life support in medical students and paramedics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study with 100 early medical students (group A), 100 late medical students (group B) and 100 paramedics (group C), performing a 20-minute basic life support simulation in teams of two...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Lori L Boland, Jonathan S Hokanson, Karl M Fernstrom, Tyler G Kinzy, Charles J Lick, Paul A Satterlee, Brian K LaCroix
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to pilot test the delivery of sepsis education to emergency medical services (EMS) providers and the feasibility of equipping them with temporal artery thermometers (TATs) and handheld lactate meters to aid in the prehospital recognition of sepsis. METHODS: This study used a convenience sample of prehospital patients meeting established criteria for sepsis. Paramedics received education on systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria, were trained in the use of TATs and hand-held lactate meters, and enrolled patients who had a recent history of infection, met ≥ 2 SIRS criteria, and were being transported to a participating hospital...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Susan R Wilcox, Michael Ries, Ted A Bouthiller, E Dean Berry, Travis L Dowdy, Sharon DeGrace
Critical care transport (CCT) teams are specialized transport services, comprised of highly trained paramedics, nurses, and occasionally respiratory therapists, offering an expanded scope of practice beyond advanced life support (ALS) emergency medical service teams. We report 4 cases of patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome from influenza in need of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation evaluation at a tertiary care center, transported by ground. Our medical center did not previously have a ground CCT service, and therefore, in these cases, a physician and/or a respiratory therapist was sent with the paramedic team...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
K A Martin Ginis, J R Tomasone, M Welsford, K Ethans, A R Sinden, M Longeway, A Krassioukov
STUDY DESIGN: Single-group pre-/post-test with 3- and 6-month follow-ups. OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of the 'ABCs of AD' educational module on immediate and longer-term changes in paramedics' knowledge and beliefs about using the autonomic dysreflexia clinical practice guidelines (AD-CPGs). SETTING: Canada. METHODS: A total of 119 paramedics completed an AD knowledge test and measures of attitudes, perceived control, self-efficacy, social pressure from patients and health-care professionals, and intentions to use the AD-CPGs before and 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after viewing 'ABCs of AD'...
September 13, 2016: Spinal Cord
L Pasquesoone, N Aljudaibi, J Ellart, P Guerreschi, V Duquennoy-Martinot
The subcutaneous diffusion of intravenous drips, or extravasation, is a frequent iatrogenic complication in children, mainly in the neonatal period. This potentially severe pathology can lead to local ischemia that sometimes mimics compartment syndrome. It can also evolve towards vast soft-tissue necrosis. Nursing staff often underestimate the risk of functional, aesthetic, and psychological consequences. The speed and quality of the initial medical and surgical management can greatly decrease morbidity associated with extravasation...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
S Honarbakhsh, V Baker, C Kirkby, K Patel, G Robinson, S Antoniou, L Richmond, W Ullah, R J Hunter, M Finlay, M J Earley, M Whitbread, R J Schilling
INTRODUCTION: Supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) are a common cause of acute hospital presentations. Adenosine is an effective treatment. To date, no studies have directly compared paramedic-with hospital-delivered treatment of acute SVT with adenosine. METHOD: Randomised controlled trial comparing the treatment of SVT and discharge by paramedics with conventional emergency department (ED)-based care. Patients were excluded if they had structural heart disease or contraindication to adenosine...
September 9, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Karen A Abrashkin, Jonathan Washko, Jenny Zhang, Asantewaa Poku, Hyun Kim, Kristofer L Smith
Models addressing urgent clinical needs for older adults with multiple advanced chronic conditions are lacking. This observational study describes a Community Paramedicine (CP) model for treatment of acute medical conditions within an Advanced Illness Management (AIM) program, and compares its effect on emergency department (ED) use and subsequent hospitalization with that of traditional emergency medical services (EMS). Community paramedics were trained to evaluate and, with telemedicine-enhanced physician guidance, treat acute illnesses in individuals' homes...
August 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
A B Biswas, Sarmila Mallik, Dipta Kanti Mukhopadhyay, Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Susmita Nayak, Asit Kumar Biswas
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and effective treatment are the key areas in malaria control in India. OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to assess the knowledge and skill of health personnel at primary care level and the logistic support related to the program at subcenter (SC) level. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted among medical and paramedical personnel working at primary health-care institutions in two districts of West Bengal...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
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