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Hypoalbuminemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729966/causal-relationship-between-hypoalbuminemia-and-acute-kidney-injury
#1
REVIEW
Christian J Wiedermann, Wolfgang Wiedermann, Michael Joannidis
Our meta-analysis published in 2010 provided evidence that low levels of serum albumin (hypoalbuminemia) are a significant independent predictor of acute kidney injury (AKI) and death following AKI. Since then, a large volume of additional data from observational clinical studies has been published further evaluating the relationship between serum albumin and AKI occurrence. This is an updated review of the literature to re-evaluate the hypothesis that hypoalbuminemia is independently associated with increased AKI risk...
July 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728683/nutritional-intervention-in-acute-heart-failure-patients-with-undernutrition-and-normalbuminemia-a-subgroup-analysis-of-picnic-study
#2
Esmeralda Ramiro-Ortega, Juan L Bonilla-Palomas, Antonio L Gámez-López, Mirian Moreno-Conde, María C López-Ibáñez, Rosa Alhambra-Expósito, Manuel Anguita Sánchez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hypoalbuminemia is common in acute heart failure (HF) patients and has been associated with increased hospital mortality and long-term mortality. Undernutrition is a factor causing hypoalbuminemia. The PICNIC study results show that a nutritional intervention in undernourished acute HF patients reduces the risks of all-cause death and of readmission for HF. We aimed to investigate whether the efficacy of a nutritional intervention is consistent among the subgroups of patients with and without hypoalbuminemia...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725309/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-chronic-diarrhea
#3
Umair Iqbal, Ahmad Chaudhary, Muhammad Arsalan Karim, Hafsa Anwar, Nancy Merrell
Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) is a rare non-hereditary disease characterized by chronic diarrhea, diffuse intestinal polyposis and onychodystrophy. We present here a case of a middle-aged female who presented with chronic intermittent bloody diarrhea associated alopecia and loss of finger and toe nails. Labs were remarkable for microcytic anemia and severe hypoalbuminemia. Endoscopy showed numerous polyps scattered throughout the colon. She was treated with nutritional support and corticosteroid with complete resolution of her symptoms and endoscopic findings...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723973/hypoalbuminemia-at-admission-predicts-the-development-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-hospitalized-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Mi-Yeon Yu, Sung Woo Lee, Seon Ha Baek, Ki Young Na, Dong-Wan Chae, Ho Jun Chin, Sejoong Kim
BACKGROUND: Development of acute kidney injury (AKI) is common and is associated with poor outcomes. We aimed to determine whether hypoalbuminemia (HA) at admission could be a risk factor for the development of AKI and mortality in hospitalized patients. METHODS: We enrolled patients who were admitted to Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from January 2013 to December 2013. HA at admission was defined as a serum albumin level < 3.4 mg/dL measured within two days after admission...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717067/barthel-index-and-outcome-of-open-bypass-for-critical-limb-ischemia
#5
Shinsuke Mii, Atsushi Guntani, Eisuke Kawakubo, Hirofumi Shimazoe
BACKGROUND: Daily activity should be an important factor to consider when deciding on a treatment strategy for critical limb ischemia (CLI), and we hypothesized that there was a close relationship between activities of daily living (ADL) and prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between ADL and outcomes of open bypass for CLI.Methods and Results:A total of 226 patients undergoing infrainguinal bypass for CLI between January 2005 and December 2015 were reviewed...
July 15, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716850/fluid-filled-striae-in-a-patient-with-hypoalbuminemia
#6
Maria Jogova, Stephen W Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715136/underweight-and-hypoalbuminemia-as-risk-indicators-for-mortality-among-psychiatric-patients-with-medical-comorbidities
#7
Takahiro Haga, Kae Ito, Masahiro Ono, Jiro Maruyama, Mari Iguchi, Hitoe Suzuki, Eiji Hayashi, Kentaro Sakashita, Tomoko Nagao, Shohei Ikemoto, Asuka Okaniwa, Makiko Kitami, Eriko Inuo, Koichiro Tatsumi
AIM: Medical comorbidities are a major cause of death among patients with mental illness. The purpose of this study was to clarify the risk factors for mortality among psychiatric patients with medical comorbidities. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical files of patients transferred to Tokyo Metropolitan Matsuzawa Hospital from a psychiatric hospital to treat medical comorbidities during the three-year period from January 2014 to December 2016. We analyzed the clinical differences between the expired and alive patients...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707081/evaluation-of-clinical-pathology-parameters-in-fecal-pcr-positive-or-pcr-negative-goats-for-johne-s-disease
#8
Francesca Bonelli, F Fratini, B Turchi, C Cantile, V V Ebani, G Colombani, A Galiero, M Sgorbini
Johne's disease (JD) is an economically important infectious disease of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). This study evaluated the differences in various hematological and biochemical parameters between healthy goats and goats with JD. Forty goats were chosen randomly from a herd endemic for JD. A complete physical examination was performed. Blood and fresh fecal samples were collected from each goat. A complete blood cell (CBC) count and a protein electrophoresis were performed...
July 14, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703447/chronic-diarrhea-in-dogs-retrospective-study-in-136-cases
#9
M Volkmann, J M Steiner, G T Fosgate, J Zentek, S Hartmann, B Kohn
BACKGROUND: Chronic diarrhea (CD) is common in dogs, and information on frequency and distribution of primary and secondary causes is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate underlying causes and predictors of outcome in dogs with CD. ANIMALS: One hundred and thirty-six client-owned dogs with CD (≥3 weeks duration). METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records (Small Animal Clinic, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany, 09/2009-07/2011)...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699132/effects-of-preoperative-malnutrition-on-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer-can-we-do-better
#10
REVIEW
Hua-Long Zheng, Jun Lu, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Ruhong Tu, Chang-Ming Huang, Chao-Hui Zheng
BACKGROUND: The effects of preoperative malnutrition and preoperative correction of hypoalbuminemia (PCH) on the short- and long-term outcomes in patients with gastric cancer are unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effect of preoperative nutritional status on short- and long-term outcomes in patients who underwent radical gastrectomy, and also explored the role of PCH in malnourished patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: We prospectively reviewed data from patients with gastric cancer who were treated in our department between January 2009 and December 2014...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698024/the-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-in-infants-and-young-children-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#11
Fu-Ping Lai, Yao-Jong Yang
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in children varies. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the prevalence and clinical manifestations of CMPA in young children who visited for evaluation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA). METHODS: Patients aged <4 years who were diagnosed as having IDA (serum ferritin <12 ng/mL) at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Taiwan in the period 2005-2015 were reviewed. Their clinical presentations, laboratory data, endoscopy findings, and prognosis were analyzed...
June 30, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693934/frailty-in-older-adults-undergoing-aortic%C3%A2-valve-replacement-the-frailty-avr-study
#12
Jonathan Afilalo, Sandra Lauck, Dae H Kim, Thierry Lefèvre, Nicolo Piazza, Kevin Lachapelle, Giuseppe Martucci, Andre Lamy, Marino Labinaz, Mark D Peterson, Rakesh C Arora, Nicolas Noiseux, Andrew Rassi, Igor F Palacios, Philippe Généreux, Brian R Lindman, Anita W Asgar, Caroline A Kim, Amanda Trnkus, José A Morais, Yves Langlois, Lawrence G Rudski, Jean-Francois Morin, Jeffrey J Popma, John G Webb, Louis P Perrault
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that diminishes the potential for functional recovery after a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) procedure; however, its integration in clinical practice has been limited by a lack of consensus on how to measure it. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the incremental predictive value of 7 different frailty scales to predict poor outcomes following TAVR or SAVR...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690311/predictors-of-long-term-mortality-and-frequent-re-hospitalization-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-and-kidney-dysfunction-treated-with-renin-angiotensin-system-blockers
#13
Canan Baydemir, Dilek Ural, Kurtuluş Karaüzüm, Sibel Balci, Onur Argan, Irem Karaüzüm, Güliz Kozdağ, Ayşen A Ağır
BACKGROUND Assessment of risk for all-cause mortality and re-hospitalization is an important task during discharge of acute heart failure (AHF) patients, as they warrant different management strategies. Treatment with optimal medical therapy may change predictors for these 2 end-points in AHF patients with renal dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors for long-term outcome in AHF patients with kidney dysfunction who were discharged on optimal medical therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was conducted retrospectively...
July 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688105/intussusception-in-celiac-disease-is-it-a-common-feature-in-children
#14
Vibhor V Borkar, Ujjal Poddar, Anuj Thakral, Jaya Agarwal, Anshu Srivastava, Surender Kumar Yachha, Sheo Kumar
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are sporadic reports of occurrence of intussusception in celiac disease (CD) but no systematic study yet. We prospectively studied the prevalence and natural history of intussusception in newly diagnosed CD. METHODS: From January 2010 to October 2013, 150 children, diagnosed to have CD on the basis of positive serology and duodenal biopsy, were recruited in this study. Abdominal ultrasonography was done before starting gluten-free diet (GFD) and repeated in those who had intussusception, on day three and then weekly till the resolution of intussusception...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684778/serum-d-dimer-is-a-potential-predictor-for-thromboembolism-complications-in-patients-with-renal-biopsy
#15
Xia Tan, Guochun Chen, Yu Liu, Letian Zhou, Liyu He, Di Liu, Yexin Liu, Fan Zhang, Huiqiong Li, Hong Liu
Renal biopsy has been widely recommended in clinic to determine the histological patterns of kidney disease. To prevent bleeding complications, patients should routinely stop anticoagulants prior to renal biopsy. However, patients with kidney disease are susceptible to thromboembolisms, particularly in those with severe hypoalbuminemia. This study was designed to investigate the application of serum D-dimer as a predictor for thrombotic events after renal biopsy. 400 consecutive native renal biopsies were prospectively included in this 2-month follow-up study...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679994/multicentric-castleman-s-disease-with-multiple-hepatic-mass-lesions-mimicking-malignant-liver-tumors
#16
Toshimitsu Ueki, Masaru Nasuno, Hiroko Kaiume, Yuki Hiroshima, Masahiko Sumi, Masahide Watanabe, Dai Inoue, Yasufumi Masaki, Yasuharu Sato, Masaru Kojima, Hikaru Kobayashi
Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is a rare, non-malignant lymphoproliferative disorder. We report a case of MCD with multiple liver masses. A 26-year-old woman presented with asymptomatic anemia and hypoalbuminemia. Laboratory tests detected high CRP levels and findings indicative of polyclonal gammopathy. Abdominal CT revealed multiple hepatic large masses (≤10 cm) and partial calcification in the right lobe. Multiple enlarged lymph nodes were also identified in the cardiophrenic angle and porta hepatis...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679974/hypoalbuminemia-and-inflammation-as-prognostic-markers-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#17
Koichi Kaikita, Kenichi Tsujita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679334/syncope-in-a-patient-with-minimal-change-disease-without-nephrotic-range-proteinuria
#18
Wen-Fang Chiang, Jenq-Shyong Chan, Pauling Chu, Chia-Chao Wu
Introduction Pulmonary embolism is a potentially life-threatening complication of nephrotic syndrome. Syncope is rarely reported as an initial presentation of pulmonary embolism in nephrotic patients. Case presentation We describe a 35-year-old man who was taking steroids and diuretics for relapse of minimal change disease who presented after a syncopal event. The patient was hypotensive and had distended neck veins. The major laboratory findings were hypoalbuminemia with mild proteinuria. The findings on electrocardiography, chest radiography, and echocardiography and the elevated plasma D-dimer level raised suspicion of pulmonary embolism...
May 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670844/low-serum-albumin-levels-prior-to-pediatric-allogeneic-hct-are-associated-with-increased-need-for-critical-care-interventions-and-increased-6-month-mortality
#19
Alicia M Teagarden, Jodi L Skiles, Andrew L Beardsley, Michael J Hobson, Elizabeth A S Moser, Jamie L Renbarger, Courtney M Rowan
Poor nutritional status in HCT patients is a negative prognostic factor. There are no pediatric studies evaluating albumin levels prior to HCT and need for critical care interventions. We hypothesized that pediatric patients with low albumin levels, routinely measured 30 days (±10 days) prior to allogeneic HCT, have a higher risk of critical care interventions in the post-transplant period. We performed a 5-year retrospective study of pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic HCT for any indication. Patients were categorized based on albumin level...
July 2, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669611/prevalence-of-hypoalbuminemia-and-elevated-bilirubin-albumin-ratios-in-a-large-cohort-of-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#20
Jon F Watchko, Alan R Spitzer, Reese H Clark
OBJECTIVE: To provide descriptive data on serum albumin levels and the bilirubin to albumin (B/A) ratio in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, assess the effect of gestational and chronological age on serum albumin and the B/A ratio, and evaluate the association between extreme values and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: Using a retrospective cohort design, we queried the Pediatrix clinical data warehouse for all infants born between 23 and 41 weeks of gestation from 1997 to 2014 who had a report of both a serum albumin and total serum bilirubin (TSB) level on the same day between birth and 14 days of life...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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