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Phyllis simon

Rana Ahmed, Kirsten J McCaffery, Natalie Silove, Phyllis Butow, Simon Clarke, Michael Kohn, Parisa Aslani
BACKGROUND: Of the available treatment options for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the use of medications remains the most controversial and it is often difficult for parents to make decisions about treatment. Provision of relevant, reliable information about treatment during consultations may help address parents' concerns about treatment options. Question prompt lists are structured lists of disease and treatment-specific questions intended for use by patients during consultations to encourage communication with clinicians...
March 3, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Rory Fenton, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson, Laura Robertson, Phyllis Mushati, Ranjeeta Thomas, Jeffrey W Eaton
We investigated (1) how household wealth affected the relationship between conditional cash transfers (CCT) and unconditional cash transfers (UCT) and school attendance, (2) whether CCT and UCT affected educational outcomes (repeating a year of school), (3) if baseline school attendance and transfer conditions affected how much of the transfers participants spent on education and (4) if CCT or UCT reduced child labour in recipient households. Data were analysed from a cluster-randomized controlled trial of CCT and UCT in 4043 households from 2009 to 2010...
December 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Nadine Schur, Adrian Mylne, Phyllis Mushati, Albert Takaruza, Helen Ward, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
INTRODUCTION: Intensified poverty arising from economic decline and crisis may have contributed to reductions in HIV prevalence in Zimbabwe. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of the economic decline on household wealth and prevalent HIV infection using data from a population-based open cohort. METHODS: Household wealth was estimated using data from a prospective household census in Manicaland Province (1998 to 2011). Temporal trends in summed asset ownership indices for sellable, non-sellable and all assets combined were compared for households in four socio-economic strata (small towns, agricultural estates, roadside settlements and subsistence farming areas)...
2015: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Sharon A Gutman, Emily I Raphael-Greenfield, Phyllis M Simon
The purpose of this study was to determine if a housing transition program was feasible and acceptable to homeless clients with mental illness and substance use histories. Ten male residents of a homeless shelter participated in the 3-week housing intervention. The intervention used a DVD format with instructional videos, graphics, and opportunities for hands-on practice of functional skills in a simulated apartment environment. Outcome measures included goal attainment scale scores (GAS), satisfaction surveys, and case manager reports...
2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Teresa K Woodruff, Sharon Green, Amy Paller, Bethanee J Schlosser, Bonnie Spring, Megan Castle, M Christine Stock, Mercedes R Carnethon, Crystal T Clark, Elizabeth Gerard, Fred W Turek, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren S Wakschlag, Melina R Kibbe, Marla A Mendelson, Melissa A Simon, Nora M Hansen, Kimberly Kenton, Patricia M Garcia, Phyllis Zee, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Sarah H Sutton, Linda Van Horn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Women's Health
Thomas M Crea, Andrew D Reynolds, Aakanksha Sinha, Jeffrey W Eaton, Laura A Robertson, Phyllis Mushati, Lovemore Dumba, Gideon Mavise, J C Makoni, Christina M Schumacher, Constance A Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
BACKGROUND: Unconditional and conditional cash transfer programmes (UCT and CCT) show potential to improve the well-being of orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS (OVC). We address the gap in current understanding about the extent to which household-based cash transfers differentially impact individual children's outcomes, according to risk or protective factors such as orphan status and household assets. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cluster-randomised controlled trial in eastern Zimbabwe, with random assignment to three study arms - UCT, CCT or control...
2015: BMC Public Health
Nimzing G Ladep, Oche O Agbaji, Patricia A Agaba, Auwal Muazu, Placid Ugoagwu, Godwin Imade, Graham S Cooke, Livia Vivas, Sheena Mc Cormack, Simon D Taylor-Robinson, John Idoko, Phyllis Kanki
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B has been reported to be high in HIV-infected African populations. However, the impact of this co-infection on the survival of HIV-infected Africans on long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) remains poorly characterised. We investigated the impact of HBV/HIV co-infection on survival of HIV infected patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy in a West African population. METHODS: This was a clinic-based cohort study of HIV-infected adults enrolled in Nigeria, West Africa...
June 29, 2013: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
Joannie Hui, Nelson L S Tang, C K Li, L K Law, K F To, Phyllis Yau, Simon L M Fung, Josephine S C Chong, Lilian Tsung, Grace Chiang, Eva Fung, K L Cheung, W L Yeung, T F Fok
Inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs) are a large group of rare genetic diseases. The spectrum and incidences of IMDs differ among populations, which has been well characterised in Caucasians but much less so in Chinese. In a setting of a University Hospital Metabolic Clinic in Hong Kong, over 100 patients with IMDs have been seen during a period of 13 years (from 1997 to 2010). The data were used to define the spectrum of diseases in the Southern Chinese population. Comparison with other populations revealed a unique spectrum of common IMDs...
August 2014: Pathology
Brett D Thombs, Erin Arthurs, Stephanie Coronado-Montoya, Michelle Roseman, Vanessa C Delisle, Allison Leavens, Brooke Levis, Laurent Azoulay, Cheri Smith, Luisa Ciofani, James C Coyne, Nancy Feeley, Simon Gilbody, Joy Schinazi, Donna E Stewart, Phyllis Zelkowitz
OBJECTIVE: Clinical practice guidelines disagree on whether health care professionals should screen women for depression during pregnancy or postpartum. The objective of this systematic review was to determine whether depression screening improves depression outcomes among women during pregnancy or the postpartum period. METHODS: Searches included the CINAHL, EMBASE, ISI, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases through April 1, 2013; manual journal searches; reference list reviews; citation tracking of included articles; and trial registry reviews...
June 2014: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Laura Robertson, Phyllis Mushati, Morten Skovdal, Jeffrey W Eaton, Jeremiah C Makoni, Tom Crea, Gideon Mavise, Lovemore Dumba, Christina Schumacher, Lorraine Sherr, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
We used baseline data, collected in July-September 2009, from a randomized controlled trial of a cash transfer program for vulnerable children in eastern Zimbabwe to investigate the effectiveness, coverage, and efficiency of census- and community-based targeting methods for reaching vulnerable children. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with beneficiaries and other stakeholders were used to explore community perspectives on targeting. Community members reported that their participation improved ownership and reduced conflict and jealousy...
February 2014: World Development
Jennifer Smith, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson, James Lewis, Sitholubuhle Magutshwa, Christina Schumacher, Phyllis Mushati, Tim Hallett, Geoff Garnett
INTRODUCTION: In an HIV/AIDS epidemic driven primarily by heterosexual transmission, it is important to have an understanding of the human sexual behaviour patterns that influence transmission. We analysed the distribution and predictors of within-partnership sexual behaviour and condom use in rural Zimbabwe and generated parameters for use in future modelling analyses. METHODS: A population-based cohort was recruited from a household census in 12 communities. A baseline survey was carried out in 1998-2000 with follow-up surveys after 3 and 5 years...
2014: PloS One
Simon Wu, Desmond Chee, Anna Ugalde, Phyllis Butow, John Seymour, Penelope Schofield
OBJECTIVE: Consistent use of imatinib is critical for treatment success in chronic myeloid leukemia, yet perfect adherence to the prescribed clinical regimen is reported to be as low as 14%. This study aimed to understand patients' experiences of chronic myeloid leukemia with a qualitative approach, including identified facilitators and barriers to adherence, drawing on patients' and health professionals' perspectives, recording comments made by patients and health professionals involved with the same treatment team...
April 2015: Palliative & Supportive Care
Morten Skovdal, Laura Robertson, Phyllis Mushati, Lovemore Dumba, Lorraine Sherr, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
Evidence suggests that a regular and reliable transfer of cash to households with orphaned and vulnerable children has a strong and positive effect on child outcomes. However, conditional cash transfers are considered by some as particularly intrusive and the question on whether or not to apply conditions to cash transfers is an issue of controversy. Contributing to policy debates on the appropriateness of conditions, this article sets out to investigate the overall buy-in of conditions by different stakeholders and to identify pathways that contribute to an acceptability of conditions...
October 2014: Health Policy and Planning
Reiko Horai, Phyllis B Silver, Jun Chen, Rajeev K Agarwal, Wai Po Chong, Yingyos Jittayasothorn, Mary J Mattapallil, Sonia Nguyen, Kannan Natarajan, Rafael Villasmil, Peng Wang, Zaruhi Karabekian, Simon D Lytton, Chi-Chao Chan, Rachel R Caspi
Despite presence of circulating retina-specific T cells in healthy individuals, ocular immune privilege usually averts development of autoimmune uveitis. To study the breakdown of immune privilege and development of disease, we generated transgenic (Tg) mice that express a T cell receptor (TCR) specific for interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP), which serves as an autoimmune target in uveitis induced by immunization. Three lines of TCR Tg mice, with different levels of expression of the transgenic R161 TCR and different proportions of IRBP-specific CD4⁺ T cells in their peripheral repertoire, were successfully established...
August 2013: Journal of Autoimmunity
Morten Skovdal, Phyllis Mushati, Laura Robertson, Shungu Munyati, Lorraine Sherr, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
BACKGROUND: Cash transfer programmes are increasingly recognised as promising and scalable interventions that can promote the health and development of children. However, concerns have been raised about the potential for cash transfers to contribute to social division, jealousy and conflict at a community level. Against this background, and in our interest to promote community participation in cash transfer programmes, we examine local perceptions of a community-led cash transfer programme in Eastern Zimbabwe...
2013: BMC Public Health
Nimzing Gwamzhi Ladep, Patricia Aladi Agaba, Oche Agbaji, Auwal Muazu, Placid Ugoagwu, Godwin Imade, Graham Cooke, Sheena McCormack, Simon David Taylor-Robinson, John Idoko, Phyllis Kanki
AIM: To determine the rates and impact of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections on response to long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in a large human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) population in Nigeria. METHODS: HBV and HCV as well as HIV infections are endemic in sub Saharan Africa. This was a retrospective cohort study of 19,408 adults who were recruited between June 2004 and December 2010 in the AIDS Prevention Initiative in Nigeria in Nigeria programme at Jos University Teaching Hospital...
March 14, 2013: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Laura Robertson, Phyllis Mushati, Jeffrey W Eaton, Lovemore Dumba, Gideon Mavise, Jeremiah Makoni, Christina Schumacher, Tom Crea, Roeland Monasch, Lorraine Sherr, Geoffrey P Garnett, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
BACKGROUND: Cash-transfer programmes can improve the wellbeing of vulnerable children, but few studies have rigorously assessed their effectiveness in sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated the effects of unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) and conditional cash transfers (CCTs) on birth registration, vaccination uptake, and school attendance in children in Zimbabwe. METHODS: We did a matched, cluster-randomised controlled trial in ten sites in Manicaland, Zimbabwe...
April 13, 2013: Lancet
Laura Robertson, Phyllis Mushati, Jeffrey W Eaton, Lorraine Sherr, Jeremiah C Makoni, Morten Skovdal, Tom Crea, Gideon Mavise, Lovemore Dumba, Christina Schumacher, Shungu Munyati, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
Census data, collected in July 2009, from 27,672 children were used to compare the effectiveness, coverage and efficacy of three household-based methods for targeting cash transfers to vulnerable children in eastern Zimbabwe: targeting the poorest households using a wealth index; targeting HIV-affected households using socio-demographic information (households caring for orphans, chronically-ill or disabled members; child-headed households); and targeting labour-constrained households using dependency ratios...
December 2012: Social Science & Medicine
Tomoko Kitago, Johnny Liang, Vincent S Huang, Sheila Hayes, Phyllis Simon, Laura Tenteromano, Ronald M Lazar, Randolph S Marshall, Pietro Mazzoni, Laura Lennihan, John W Krakauer
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) has proven effective in increasing functional use of the affected arm in patients with chronic stroke. The mechanism of CIMT is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate, in a proof-of-concept study, the feasibility of using kinematic measures in conjunction with clinical outcome measures to better understand the mechanism of recovery in chronic stroke patients with mild to moderate motor impairments who undergo CIMT...
February 2013: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Thomas M Crea, Margaret Lombe, Laura A Robertson, Lovemore Dumba, Phyllis Mushati, J C Makoni, Gideon Mavise, Jeffrey W Eaton, Brighton Munatsi, Constance A Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
The high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in sub-Saharan Africa has resulted in a dramatic increase in orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) over the past decade. These children typically rely on extended family networks for support, but the magnitude of the crisis has resulted in traditional familial networks becoming overwhelmed and more economically and socially vulnerable. Previous research consistently demonstrates the positive influence of household asset ownership on children's well-being...
2013: AIDS Care
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