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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913380/a-scoping-review-of-suicidality-and-alexithymia-the-need-to-consider-interoception
#1
REVIEW
Steven Davey, Jamin Halberstadt, Elliot Bell, Sunny Collings
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a problem of emotion regulation and for this reason alone may relate to suicidality. This article investigates the evidence for a direct relationship. It explores the possibility of an additional role for interoception in future research. METHODS: A scoping review of peer-reviewed journal articles examining alexithymia and suicidality was undertaken, followed by a critical assessment of the overall state of the evidence base in relation to interoception...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913097/age-and-maturity-related-differences-in-motor-coordination-among-male-elite-youth-soccer-players
#2
Nikki Rommers, Mireille Mostaert, Lennert Goossens, Roel Vaeyens, Erik Witvrouw, Matthieu Lenoir, Eva D'Hondt
This study investigated differences in generic and soccer specific motor coordination, as well as speed and agility depending on age and maturity in elite youth soccer players (U10-U15, N = 619). Measurements included body height, body weight and sitting height to estimate age at peak height velocity (APHV); three Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder subtests (i.e. jumping sideways (JS), moving sideways (MS), balancing backwards (BB)) to assess generic motor coordination; the UGent dribbling test for soccer specific motor coordination; a 5m/30m sprint and T-test for speed and agility, respectively...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913096/what-does-it-take-to-graduate-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-perceptions-of-successful-physiotherapy-graduates-from-one-university-in-the-uk
#3
Elizabeth Cassidy, Meriel Norris, Annabel Williams
Little is known about the complex factors that underpin persistence and success for preregistration physiotherapy students. This article presents findings from a qualitative study which explored the perceptions of eight recent graduates from one UK university about their experiences of their physiotherapy undergraduate degree program, and what they considered important in their success. Data were collected via one-to-one, semi-structured interviews. An in-depth thematic analysis was undertaken from which three overarching themes were inferred...
June 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912960/understanding-women-s-uptake-and-adherence-in-option-b-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-papua-indonesia-a-qualitative-study
#4
Christina Lumbantoruan, Michelle Kermode, Aloisius Giyai, Agnes Ang, Margaret Kelaher
BACKGROUND: Despite a more proactive approach to reducing new HIV infections in infants through lifelong treatment (Option B+ policy) for infected pregnant women, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) has not been fully effective in Papua, Indonesia. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the second greatest risk factor for HIV infection in the community, and an elimination target of <1% MTCT has not yet been achieved. The purpose of this study was to improve understanding of the implementation of Option B+ for PMTCT in Papua through investigation of facilitators and barriers to women's uptake and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the program...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912883/acceptability-of-hpv-vaccines-and-associations-with-perceptions-related-to-hpv-and-hpv-vaccines-among-male-baccalaureate-students-in-hong-kong
#5
Teris Cheung, Joseph T F Lau, Johnson Z Wang, P K H Mo, Y S Ho
OBJECTIVES: The highly infectious human papillomavirus (HPV) causes both genital warts and cervical cancer in women. In 2009, the prevalence of genital warts in Hong Kong was 203.7 per 100,000 person-years. Cervical cancer, more seriously, was the eight most common cancer among women and girls in Hong Kong, accounting for 2.3% of all new cancer cases in females in 2014. Cervical cancer is a significant global public health problem and HPV is a major risk factor leading to the development of cervical cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912870/differences-in-childhood-body-mass-index-between-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-and-heterosexual-female-adolescents-a-follow-back-study
#6
Kate Keenan, Kristen Wroblewski, Phoenix A Matthews, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors impact the association between sexual orientation and childhood BMI. METHODS: Participants included 2,070 late adolescents from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, of whom 233 (11.2%) identified as lesbian or bisexual and 1,837 (88.8%) as heterosexual at ages 17-20 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912824/the-natural-history-and-rehabilitative-outcomes-of-hearing-loss-in-congenital-cytomegalovirus-a-systematic-review
#7
Kyle T Fletcher, Erin M Wolf Horrell, John Ayugi, Catherine Irungu, Maria Muthoka, Liza M Creel, Cathy Lester, Matthew L Bush
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the literature regarding the natural history and rehabilitative outcomes of sensorineural hearing loss from congenital cytomegalovirus infections. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. Eligible studies were those containing original peer-reviewed research in English addressing either the natural history or rehabilitative outcomes of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV)...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912726/different-effects-of-social-support-on-adolescent-smoking-and-the-mediation-by-smartphone-dependence
#8
Pierre-François Dancoine, Elodie Gentina
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study examines the relationship between social support (from parents and peers) and cigarette use, through the mediating effect of smartphone dependence, among adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: A survey, conducted among 472 adolescents (average age = 16.2 years) attending classes in 3 schools in Lille, France, provides the data. The theoretical model features social support (parental and peer) and cigarette use, with smartphone dependence as a mediator, such that the authors simultaneously examine direct (support → cigarette use) and indirect (eg, peer support → smartphone dependence → cigarette use) paths...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912659/adolescents-perspectives-on-everyday-life-with-obesity-a-qualitative-study
#9
Gudbjørg Øen, Bente Kvilhaugsvik, Kari Eldal, Anne-Grethe Halding
PURPOSE: This study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of the perspectives and life experiences of adolescents living with obesity. METHODS: Five adolescents living with obesity were involved in repeated interviews, and qualitative content analysis was performed. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: obesity as a multi-faceted and difficult to solve condition; obesity as a shameful and vulnerable subject; and bullying and fragile social relationships...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912447/body-structure-function-activity-and-participation-in-3-to-6-year-old-children-born-very-preterm-an-icf-based-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Tara L FitzGerald, Amanda K L Kwong, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Jennifer L McGinley, Lex W Doyle, Alicia J Spittle
Background: The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework, Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY), provides a valuable method of conceptualizing the multidomain difficulties experienced by children born very preterm (VP). Reviews investigating motor outcomes at preschool age across ICF-CY domains are lacking. Purpose: The purpose of this review is to identify and compare motor outcomes of 3- to 6-year-old children born VP and children born full term (FT) within the ICF-CY framework...
April 18, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912401/challenges-to-reshape-the-future-of-type-1-diabetes-research
#11
David Bleich, David H Wagner
Context: Immunotherapy trials to prevent type 1 diabetes have been unsuccessful for more than fifteen years. Understanding pitfalls and knowledge gaps in the immunology of type 1 diabetes should lead us in new directions that will yield better trial outcomes. A proposal is made for precision medicine trial design in future type 1 diabetes studies. Evidence Acquisition: High quality peer-reviewed basic science and clinical research trials for type 1 diabetes were used in this Perspectives article...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911956/social-support-violence-exposure-and-mental-health-among-young-south-african-adolescents
#12
Annette Humm, Debra Kaminer, Anneli Hardy
OBJECTIVE: Cumulative violence exposure has been associated with both internalising and externalising difficulties in youth. Therefore, it is important to identify protective factors that may ameliorate both exposure to and the impact of cumulative violence. This study aimed to identify sources of perceived social support amongst early adolescents in a low-income, high-violence community in South Africa, and to examine the association of perceived support with exposure to violence and with the severity of depression, aggression and conduct disorder symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911901/patient-reported-experiences-of-using-community-rehabilitation-and-or-support-services-whilst-living-with-a-long-term-neurological-condition-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-aggregation
#13
Katherine Jackson, Sharon Hamilton, Susan Jones, Steven Barr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to identify patient reported experiences of using community rehabilitation and/or support services whilst living with a long-term neurological condition, and perceptions of their impact on quality of life. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed qualitative studies from 2005 to 2016, which met the inclusion criteria. Critical appraisal, data extraction, and quality assessment of 37 included papers were performed by three reviewers...
June 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911684/insurance-companies-fighting-the-peer-review-empire-without-any-validity-the-case-for-addiction-and-pain-modalities-in-the-face-of-an-american-drug-epidemic
#14
K Blum, W Jacobs, E J Modestino, N DiNubile, D Baron, T McLaughlin, D Siwicki, I Elman, M Moran, E R Braverman, P K Thanos, R D Badgaiyan
The United States are amid an opioid overdose epidemic; we are challenged to provide non-addicting/non-pharmacological alternatives to assist in pain attenuation. There are proven strategies available to manage chronic pain effectively without opioids. Utilization review providers for insurance companies often ignore medicine based scientific peer-reviewed studies that warn against the chronic use of opioid medications, as well as the lack of evidence to support long-term use of opioids for pain. This paradigm must change if we are to indeed change the drug-embracing culture in American chronic pain management...
October 4, 2018: SEJ Surg Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911667/cognition-and-connectomes-in-nondementia-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Luis M Colon-Perez, Jared J Tanner, Michelle Couret, Shelby Goicochea, Thomas H Mareci, Catherine C Price
In this study, we investigate the organization of the structural connectome in cognitively well participants with Parkinson's disease (PD-Well; n = 31) and a subgroup of participants with Parkinson's disease who have amnestic disturbances (PD-MI; n = 9). We explore correlations between connectome topology and vulnerable cognitive domains in Parkinson's disease relative to non-Parkinson's disease peers (control, n = 40). Diffusion-weighted MRI data and deterministic tractography were used to generate connectomes...
2018: Network neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911652/building-the-evidence-for-crps-research-from-a-lived-experience-perspective
#16
Colleen M Johnston, Florin I Oprescu, Marion Gray
Background and aims Pain is known to be a subjective experience yet the majority of pain related research does not address the lived experience of the condition. Difficult to diagnose, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is often poorly managed. The aim of this paper was to identify and synthesise the currently available literature on experiences of living with chronic pain in order to understand where and how CRPS research may be best situated in the future. Methods A narrative review was performed and ProQuest, EBSCO, Informit, Scopus/Science Direct and Web of Science, Medline, CINHAL and Google Scholar were searched in order to identify the literature from 1998 until 2015...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911515/historical-development-of-the-htasialink-network-and-its-key-determinants-of-success
#17
Yot Teerawattananon, Karlena Luz, Chalarntorn Yothasmutra, Raoh-Fang Pwu, Jeonghoon Ahn, Asrul Akmal Shafie, Kalipso Chalkidou, Sripen Tantivess, Benjarin Santatiwongchai, Waranya Rattanavipapong, Saudamini Dabak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the historical development of the HTAsiaLink network, draw lessons for other similar initiatives globally, and to analyze key determinants of its success and challenges for its future development. METHODS: This study is based on the collective and direct experiences of the founding members of the HTAsiaLink Network. Data were collected from presentations they made at various international forums and additional information was reviewed...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911506/a-systematic-review-of-dating-violence-risk-factors-among-undergraduate-college-students
#18
Alicia Duval, Beth A Lanning, Megan S Patterson
College students are a vulnerable population for dating violence (DV) because of the social environment in which they live and interact with other students. Campus climate surveys are considered best practice for gathering information about the severity and cause of college DV; however, there are still unanswered questions as to why DV remains an alarming public health concern among college students. The aim of this systematic literature review was to examine DV risk factors specific to college students with a special focus on methodological factors and gaps in the literature...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911483/characterization-and-prevalence-of-elder-abuse-in-brazil
#19
Flaviano da Silva Santos, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira, Edgar Gomes Marques Sampaio
We aimed to assess the prevalence and characterize the profile of elder abuse in Brazil in this quantitative descriptive and exploratory study using a document analysis of cases of elder abuse against people aged 60 and over reported to Brazil's Notifiable Disease Information System ( Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação-SINAN) from 2009 to 2013. Association between age groups (older adults and non-older adults) and (a) characteristics of the victims (gender, age, and race), (b) characteristics of the violence (type of violence, place of occurrence, and repeated violence) and, (c) characteristics of the perpetrator (gender, suspected alcohol consumption, and victim-perpetrator relationship) were assessed using the chi-square test and odds ratios (OR) with a 95% confidence interval...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911453/student-experiences-with-community-based-enforcement-of-a-smoke-free-university
#20
Christopher M Seitz, Thomas L Ragsdale
A common approach to enforcing a university smoke-free policy is through "community-based" enforcement, in which the entire campus community is responsible for asking smokers in violation to abide by the policy. The purpose of the study was to explore university students' experiences with this strategy of enforcing a smoke-free policy. A total of 43 undergraduate students were interviewed regarding their experiences and opinions of community enforcement. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using phenomenological methods, in which six major themes emerged from the data: Fear (alarm that smokers might respond with verbal insults or physical violence), Situational (enforcing the policy depended on violators' distance, group settings, strangers vs...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
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