keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045686/the-need-for-speed-the-peer-review-process-and-what-are-we-doing-about-it
#1
Diana Epstein, Virginia Wiseman, Natasha Salaria, Sandra Mounier-Jack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045684/lean-management-to-support-choosing-wisely-in-healthcare-the-first-evidence-from-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Maria Crema, Chiara Verbano
Purpose: Choosing Wisely (CW) is an emergent approach to identify and reduce unnecessary care, such as tests and treatments that do not add value for patients and may even cause harm. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether and how Lean Healthcare Management (LHM) can support CW objectives, focusing on customer needs and on waste elimination. Data sources: A systematic literature review has been performed in Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science. Study selection: Peer reviewed articles published in English language have been selected...
October 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045537/toxicity-adjustment-in-the-esmo-mcbs-a-diligent-process-of-data-interpretation-with-peer-review-that-is-far-from-gestalt
#3
N I Cherny, U Dafni, J Bogaerts, N J Latino, G Pentheroudakis, J-Y Douillard, J Tabernero, C Zielinski, M J Piccart, E G E de Vries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045324/a-ball-skills-intervention-in-preschoolers-the-champ-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Leah E Robinson, Sanne L C Veldman, Kara K Palmer, Anthony D Okely
PURPOSE: Fundamental motor skills (FMS) contribute to positive health trajectories. A high level of competence in ball skills (a subset of FMS) is a predictor for time spent in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity during adolescence. This study examined the effects of a ball skills intervention on ball skill competence among preschool-aged boys and girls. METHODS: This is a two-armed randomized controlled trial. A total of 124 preschoolers (Mage ± SD = 48...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045011/consumer-health-information-seeking-in-social-media-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Yuehua Zhao, Jin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this literature review was to summarise current research regarding how consumers seek health-related information from social media. Primarily, we hope to reveal characteristics of existing studies investigating the health topics that consumers have discussed in social media, ascertaining the roles social media have played in consumers' information-seeking processes and discussing the potential benefits and concerns of accessing consumer health information in social media...
October 17, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044954/c3-symmetric-tricyclo-2-2-1-02-6-heptane-3-5-7-triol
#6
Volodymyr Kozel, Constantin-Gabriel Daniliuc, Peer Kirsch, Günter Haufe
A straightforward access to a hitherto unknown C3-symmetric tricyclic triol both in racemic and enantiopure forms has been elaborated. Treatment of 7-tert-butoxynorbornadiene with peroxycarboxylic acids provided mixtures of C1- and C3-symmetric 3,5,7-triacyloxy-nortricyclenes via transannular π-cyclization and substitution of the tert-butoxy group. Refluxing in formic acid, the C1-symmetric esters were converted to the C3-symmetric formate. Hydrolysis gave diastereoisomeric triols, which were separated by recrystallization...
October 18, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044733/shyness-preference-for-solitude-and-adolescent-internalizing-the-roles-of-maternal-paternal-and-best-friend-support
#7
Matthew G Barstead, Kelly A Smith, Brett Laursen, Cathryn Booth-LaForce, Shakeena King, Kenneth H Rubin
The researchers examined differential outcomes related to two distinct motivations for withdrawal (preference for solitude and shyness) as well as the possibility that support from important others (mothers, fathers, and best friends) attenuate any such links. Adolescents (159 males, 171 females) reported on their motivations to withdraw, internalizing symptoms, and relationship quality in eighth grade, as well as their anxiety and depression in ninth grade. Using structural equation modeling, the authors found that maternal support weakened the association between shyness and internalizing problems; friend support weakened the association between preference for solitude and depression; and friend support strengthened the association between shyness and depression...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043890/-yeah-i-ve-grown-i-can-t-go-out-anymore-differences-in-perceived-risks-between-girls-and-boys-entering-adolescence
#8
Kristin Mmari, Caroline Moreau, Susannah Emily Gibbs, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Caroline W Kabiru, Bamidele Bello, Adesegun Fatusi, Chaohua Lou, Xiayun Zuo, Chunyan Yu, Ghada S T Al-Attar, Omaima El-Gibaly
This analysis is based on data from the Global Early Adolescent Study, which aims to understand the factors that predispose young people aged 10-14 years to positive or negative health trajectories. Specifically, interview transcripts from 202 adolescents and 191 parents across six diverse urban sites (Baltimore, Ghent, Nairobi, Ile Ife, Assuit and Shanghai) were analysed to compare the perceived risks associated with entering adolescence and how these risks differed by gender. Findings reveal that in all sites except Ghent, both young people and their parents perceived that girls face greater risks related to their sexual and reproductive health, and because of their sexual development, were perceived to require more protection...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043855/predictors-of-receptive-and-expressive-vocabulary-development-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#9
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
PURPOSE: There is a lack of longitudinal data on predictors of vocabulary development in children with Down syndrome (DS). In typically developing children, many internal and external predictors of vocabulary development have been determined before. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of these variables in the receptive and expressive vocabulary development of children with DS. METHOD: The present study used a longitudinal design in young children with DS to study the vocabulary development over a period of 1...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043847/smoking-related-interstitial-fibrosis-evidence-of-radiologic-regression-with-advancing-age-and-smoking-cessation
#10
Aurélie Fabre, Ann Treacy, Lisa P Lavelle, Maciek Narski, Nazia Faheem, David Healy, Jonathan D Dodd, Michael P Keane, James J Egan, Gilles Jebrak, Hervé Mal, Marcus W Butler
More data are needed regarding the radiology, co-morbidities and natural history of smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF), a common pathological finding, mainly described heretofore in association with lung cancer, where respiratory bronchiolitis (RB) usually co-exists. We prospectively acquired high resolution CT scan data (edge-enhancing lung reconstructions) to detect any radiologic interstitial lung abnormality (ILA) in individuals who ultimately underwent surgical lobectomy for lung cancer (n = 20), for radiologic/pathologic correlation...
October 18, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043757/there-is-no-association-between-the-presence-of-anti-thyroid-antibodies-and-increased-reproductive-loss-in-pregnant-women-after-art-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Paz Leiva, Juan Enrique Schwarze, Pamela Vasquez, Carolina Ortega, Sonia Villa, Javier Crosby, José Balmaceda, Ricardo Pommer
Women submitted to ART treatments represent a select subgroup of individuals. Several studies have described the relationship between TAI and pregnancy outcomes as a result of ART, with contradictory results. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the association between TAI and the risk of miscarriage in pregnancies resulting from ART. MEDLINE via PubMed, LILACS and Embase were searched for studies published in peer-reviewed journals from 1999 to 2017. The studies were summarized using the fixed effects model and the Peto's method to calculate RR in order to flesh out the association between TAI and spontaneous abortion...
October 18, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043562/a-review-of-the-management-of-tibial-plateau-fractures
#12
REVIEW
J Mthethwa, A Chikate
Tibial plateau fractures form a wide spectrum of injuries presenting varying challenges to the trauma surgeon. The prognosis of this injury spectrum is largely dependent on the management of each particular configuration, and the literature is as a result littered with a number of management strategies with limited consensus. The aim of this review is to provide a concise guide to the trauma surgeon based on newer and classical peer-reviewed publications in international orthopaedic journals. A PubMed search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications within the last 10 years and expanded to identify classic papers pertaining to the Schatzker classification...
October 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043507/extraction-of-mandibular-premolars-and-molars-comparison-between-local-infiltration-via-pressure-syringe-and-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-anesthesia
#13
Daniel G E Thiem, Florian Schnaith, Caroline M E Van Aken, Anne Köntges, Vinay V Kumar, Bilal Al-Nawas, Peer W Kämmerer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficiency of local infiltration anesthesia administered with a pressure syringe (P-INF) via a special technique versus direct block anesthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve (IANB) for tooth extraction in the posterior mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective randomized study, 101 teeth in 101 patients were extracted in the posterior mandible under local anesthesia whereby two different administration techniques were used (P-INF n = 48; IANB n = 53)...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043493/community-based-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-cippa-ra-a-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-control-trial
#14
Louise Larkin, Stephen Gallagher, Alexander Fraser, Norelee Kennedy
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory condition which may cause pain, stiffness and fatigue. People who have RA have reduced levels of physical activity due to these symptoms. Interventions targeting physical activity behaviour in this population have had limited efficacy. This paper describes a protocol for a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a theory-based intervention delivered in a community setting designed to promote physical activity in people who have RA. The aim of the pilot study is to assess the impact of the intervention on moderate-intensity physical activity in people with RA...
October 17, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043482/assessing-the-role-of-gambling-on-problematic-alcohol-consumption-by-police-officers
#15
Egbert Zavala
While a number of studies have attributed critical incident stressors to alcohol abuse among police officers, no study has examined the role gambling, if any, plays on problematic alcohol consumption. Therefore, data from the Police Stress and Domestic Violence in Police Families in Baltimore, Maryland, 1997-1999 are analyzed to test the influence of gambling on problematic alcohol consumption engaged by police officers. Results indicated that gambling is significant in predicting problematic alcohol consumption...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043156/transition-to-school-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#16
Annabel Marsh, Vanessa Spagnol, Rachel Grove, Valsamma Eapen
AIM: To identify factors that promote a positive start to school for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, and PsychINFO searches were conducted to identify literature published after 1991 and relevant to school transition processes in children with ASD. Twenty studies were deemed eligible for inclusion. These studies evaluated a range of factors including school readiness, parent and teacher perspectives on transition practices, characteristics of children with ASD that are associated with successful transition to school and the impact of school based intervention programs...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043019/effects-of-livestock-grazing-on-rangeland-biodiversity-a-meta-analysis-of-grouse-populations
#17
REVIEW
Seth J Dettenmaier, Terry A Messmer, Torre J Hovick, David K Dahlgren
Livestock grazing affects over 60% of the world's agricultural lands and can influence rangeland ecosystem services and the quantity and quality of wildlife habitat, resulting in changes in biodiversity. Concomitantly, livestock grazing has the potential to be detrimental to some wildlife species while benefiting other rangeland organisms. Many imperiled grouse species require rangeland landscapes that exhibit diverse vegetation structure and composition to complete their life cycle. However, because of declining populations and reduced distributions, grouse are increasingly becoming a worldwide conservation concern...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042823/digital-health-technology-for-use-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Sonal Batra, Ross A Baker, Tao Wang, Felicia Forma, Faith DiBiasi, Timothy Peters-Strickland
BACKGROUND: As the capabilities and reach of technology have expanded, there is an accompanying proliferation of digital technologies developed for use in the care of patients with mental illness. The objective of this review was to systematically search published literature to identify currently available health technologies and their intended uses for patients with serious mental illness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Medline, Embase, and BIOSIS Previews electronic databases were searched to identify peer-reviewed English language articles that reported the use of digital, mobile, and other advanced technology in patients with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042782/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-the-article-the-use-of-psychiatric-electroencephalography-evaluations-registry-peer-to-personalize-pharmacotherapy
#19
COMMENT
Peter J Weina, Sanjur Brooks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042406/what-data-sources-do-ophthalmologists-trust
#20
William C Stewart, Jeanette A Stewart, Lindsay A Nelson
To survey ophthalmologists regarding sources they trust when incorporating new medical knowledge into their practice. The survey was distributed primarily to US-based ophthalmologists. Questions were derived based on the lead author's research experience from congresses and discussions and from mentions in the medical literature. In total, 77 physicians completed the survey of 1886 sent (4% response rate). Regarding study design, physicians preferred a well-controlled, randomised, double-masked trial (99%) with multicentred investigational site across a wide geographical area (80%)...
October 17, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
keyword
keyword
36526
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"