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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727962/a-website-system-for-communicating-psychological-science
#1
Ed Diener
The peer review and journal system have shortcomings, and both computers and the Internet have made complementary or alternative systems attractive. In this article, I recommend that we implement a new platform for open communication of psychological science on a dedicated website to complement the current review and journal system, with reader reviews of the articles and with all behavioral scientists being eligible to publish and review articles. The judged merit of articles would be based on the citations and the ratings of the work by the whole scientific community...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727950/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-health-outcomes-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-u-s-adults-using-healthy-people-2020-leading-health-indicators
#2
Mitchell R Lunn, Wanjun Cui, Matthew M Zack, William W Thompson, Michael B Blank, Baligh R Yehia
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize the sociodemographic characteristics of sexual minority (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual) adults and compare sexual minority and heterosexual populations on nine Healthy People 2020 leading health indicators (LHIs). METHODS: Using a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey (National Health Interview Survey 2013-2015) of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population (228,893,944 adults), nine Healthy People 2020 LHIs addressing health behaviors and access to care, stratified using a composite variable of sex (female, male) and sexual orientation (gay or lesbian, bisexual, heterosexual), were analyzed individually and in aggregate...
July 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727793/effect-of-child-marriage-on-girls-school-dropout-in-nepal-analysis-of-data-from-the-multiple-indicator-cluster-survey-2014
#3
Kazutaka Sekine, Marian Ellen Hodgkin
School dropout and child marriage are interrelated outcomes that have an enormous impact on adolescent girls. However, the literature reveals gaps in the empirical evidence on the link between child marriage and the dropout of girls from school. This study identifies the 'tipping point' school grades in Nepal when the risk of dropout due to marriage is highest, measures the effect of child marriage on girls' school dropout rates, and assesses associated risk factors. Weighted percentages were calculated to examine the grades at highest risk and the distribution of reasons for discontinuing school...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727749/student-perception-of-group-dynamics-predicts-individual-performance-comfort-and-equity-matter
#4
Elli J Theobald, Sarah L Eddy, Daniel Z Grunspan, Benjamin L Wiggins, Alison J Crowe
Active learning in college classes and participation in the workforce frequently hinge on small group work. However, group dynamics vary, ranging from equitable collaboration to dysfunctional groups dominated by one individual. To explore how group dynamics impact student learning, we asked students in a large-enrollment university biology class to self-report their experience during in-class group work. Specifically, we asked students whether there was a friend in their group, whether they were comfortable in their group, and whether someone dominated their group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727745/evaluation-of-tissue-displacement-and-regional-strain-in-the-achilles-tendon-using-quantitative-high-frequency-ultrasound
#5
Stijn Bogaerts, Catarina De Brito Carvalho, Lennart Scheys, Kaat Desloovere, Jan D'hooge, Frederik Maes, Paul Suetens, Koen Peers
The Achilles tendon has a unique structure-function relationship thanks to its innate hierarchical architecture in combination with the rotational anatomy of the sub-tendons from the triceps surae muscles. Previous research has provided valuable insight in global Achilles tendon mechanics, but limitations with the technique used remain. Furthermore, given the global approach evaluating muscle-tendon junction to insertion, regional differences in tendon mechanical properties might be overlooked. However, recent advancements in the field of ultrasound imaging in combination with speckle tracking have made an intratendinous evaluation possible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727730/do-mz-twins-have-discordant-experiences-of-friendship-a-qualitative-hypothesis-generating-mz-twin-differences-study
#6
Kathryn Asbury, Nicola Moran, Robert Plomin
Using a qualitative monozygotic (MZ) twin differences design we explored whether adolescent MZ twins report discordant peer relationships and, if so, whether they perceive them as causes, consequences or correlates of discordant behaviour. We gathered free-response questionnaire data from 497 families and conducted in-depth telephone interviews with 97 of them. Within this dataset n = 112 families (23% of the sample) described discordant peer relationships. Six categories of discordance were identified (peer victimisation, peer rejection, fewer friends, different friends, different attitudes to friendship and dependence on co-twin)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#7
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727508/collective-stories-of-exercise-making-sense-of-gym-experiences-with-disabled-peers
#8
Emma V Richardson, Brett Smith, Anthony Papathomas
Using a dialogical narrative approach, we explored how disabled people made sense of their gym experiences as part of a peer group. Interviews were conducted with 18 disabled people (10 men and 8 women, aged 23-60) who had experience exercising in the gym as part of a group. Data were rigorously analyzed using a dialogical narrative analysis. Within their peer group, participants crafted a collective story that they used to resist disablism in the gym. The dialogical components of the collective story functioned to (a) validate participants' experiences of oppression in the gym, (b) forge an unspoken understanding with peers, (c) craft a more affirmative identity, and (d) instill a sense of empowerment in participants so that they can tell their own story...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727419/next-generation-lipids-in-rna-interference-therapeutics
#9
Stephanie Rietwyk, Dan Peer
RNA is emerging as a potential therapeutic modality for the treatment of incurable diseases. Despite intense research, the advent to clinical utility remains compromised by numerous biological barriers, hence there is a need for sophisticated delivery vehicles. In this aspect, lipid nanoparticles (LNP) are the most advanced platform among non-viral vectors for gene delivery. In this review, we critically review the literature and the reasons for ineffective delivery beyond the liver. We discuss the toxicity issues associated with permanently charged cationic lipids, and then turn our attention to next-generation ionizable cationic lipids...
July 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727240/development-and-dissemination-of-the-el-centro-health-disparities-measures-library
#10
Victoria Behar Mitrani, Joanne E O'Day, Timothy B Norris, Oluwamuyiwa Winifred Adebayo
PURPOSE: This report describes the development and dissemination of a library of English measures, with Spanish translations, on constructs relevant to social determinants of health and behavioral health outcomes. The El Centro Measures Library is a product of the Center of Excellence for Health Disparities Research: El Centro, a program funded by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The library is aimed at enhancing capacity for minority health and health disparities research, particularly for Hispanics living in the United States and abroad...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727164/the-innate-host-response-in-caries-and-periodontitis
#11
Joerg Meyle, Henrik Dommisch, Sabine Groeger, Rodrigo A Giacaman, Massimo Costalonga, Mark Herzberg
Innate immunity rapidly defends the host against infectious insults. These reactions are of limited specificity and exhaust without providing long-term protection. Functional fluids and effector molecules contribute to the defence against infectious agents, drive the immune response, and direct the cellular players. AIM: To review the literature and present a summary of current knowledge about the function of tissues, cellular players and soluble mediators of innate immunity relevant to caries and periodontitis...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726979/chronic-disease-registries-trends-and-challenges
#12
Joachim Schüz, Michael Fored
BACKGROUND: This accompanying editorial is an introduction to the focus theme of "chronic disease registries - trends and challenges". METHODS: A call for papers was announced on the website of Methods of Information in Medicine in April 2016 with submission deadline in September 2016. A peer review process was established to select the papers for the focus theme, managed by two guest editors. RESULTS: Three papers were selected to be included in the focus theme...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726591/adolescents-trajectory-through-peer-loss-after-a-road-traffic-accident
#13
Danai Papadatou, T Bellali, K Tselepi, I Giannopoulou
This mixed method study investigated the short and long term effects of peer loss on eight adolescents after a fatal school bus accident. Phenomenological analysis of their retrospective narratives revealed three patterns (living in despair, collecting my pieces, remembering and moving on). Quantitative findings indicate progressive decrease in post traumatic stress symptoms severity across time; increase in positive changes in perceptions of self, others, and life between 18 and 34 months; and stable continuing bond with the deceased peers...
July 20, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726520/rural-and-urban-substance-use-differences-effects-of-the-transition-to-college
#14
Karen J Derefinko, Zoran Bursac, Michael G Mejia, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
BACKGROUND: With approximately 20% of Americans residing in rural communities, substance use differences is an important topic for appropriate use of resources, policy decisions, and the development of prevention and intervention programs. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined differences in alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among students from rural and urban backgrounds across the transition to college. METHODS: Participants were 431 (48% male) undergraduate students from a large, public southeastern university who provided yearly alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use data during freshman, sophomore, and junior years...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726475/perceived-physical-activity-and-mortality-evidence-from-three-nationally-representative-u-s-samples
#15
Octavia H Zahrt, Alia J Crum
OBJECTIVE: This research sought to examine the relationship of individuals' perceptions about their level of physical activity with mortality outcomes at the population level. METHOD: This study used 3 nationally representative samples with a total sample size of 61,141 U.S. adults (weighted N = 476 million). Data from the 1990 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 1999-2002/2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were linked to prospective National Death Index mortality data through 2011, yielding follow-up periods of up to 21 years...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726344/barriers-to-using-electronic-evidence-based-literature-in-nursing-practice-a-systematised-review
#16
REVIEW
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Tania Azadi, Tannaz Azadi
BACKGROUND: Nurses' use of electronic literature has remained limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify barriers concerning application of electronic literature on evidence based practice in nursing. METHODS: Six bibliographic databases were searched using the following keywords: challenges, barriers, obstacles, evidence based practice, EBP, information seeking, online databases, electronic literature, bibliographic databases and nurs*...
July 20, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726243/the-effect-of-near-peer-tutoring-on-medical-students-performance-in-anatomical-and-physiological-sciences
#17
Katrina Morgan, Emily E Northey, Mohammed K Khalil
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare professional schools across the world are implementing near-peer tutoring (NPT) programs owing to numerous benefits to both tutors and tutees. This study determined whether higher attendance at NPT sessions led to improvements in course grades for high and low performing students. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students used the USMLE Step 1 question format to tutor first-year medical students during the second half of the Structure and Function (SF) module, i...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726038/subjective-cognitive-decline-and-fall-risk-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-or-without-objective-cognitive-decline
#18
Hidehiko Shirooka, Shu Nishiguchi, Naoto Fukutani, Yuto Tashiro, Yuma Nozaki, Tomoki Aoyama
BACKGROUND: The association between subjective cognitive decline and falls has not been clearly determined. AIMS: Our aim was to explore the effect of subjective cognitive decline on falls in community-dwelling older adults with or without objective cognitive decline. METHODS: We included 470 older adults (mean age 73.6 ± 5.2; 329 women) living in the community and obtained data on fall history directly from the participants. Subjective cognitive decline was assessed using a self-administered question...
July 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725992/social-profile-of-middle-school-aged-adolescents-who-use-electronic-cigarettes-implications-for-primary-prevention
#19
Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Megan L Smith, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
Electronic cigarette (EC) use continues to increase among adolescents. From a primary prevention point of view, an important gap in our knowledge includes determining whether young smokers that use EC maintain a distinct social profile from kids who use combustible cigarettes (CC). Survey data from middle school students in West Virginia, USA were collected between September and November of 2015 (N = 6547, response rate 84.7%) as part of a state wide school-based mental health intervention program. Data was analyzed using multinomial logistic regression for categorical data...
July 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725791/quality-improvement-intervention-for-reduction-of-redundant-testing
#20
Alan M Ducatman, Danyel H Tacker, Barbara S Ducatman, Dustin Long, Peter L Perrotta, Hannah Lawther, Kelly Pennington, Owen Lander, Mary Warden, Conard Failinger, Kevin Halbritter, Ronald Pellegrino, Marney Treese, Jeffrey A Stead, Eric Glass, Lauren Cianciaruso, Konrad C Nau
Laboratory data are critical to analyzing and improving clinical quality. In the setting of residual use of creatine kinase M and B isoenzyme testing for myocardial infarction, we assessed disease outcomes of discordant creatine kinase M and B isoenzyme +/troponin I (-) test pairs in order to address anticipated clinician concerns about potential loss of case-finding sensitivity following proposed discontinuation of routine creatine kinase and creatine kinase M and B isoenzyme testing. Time-sequenced interventions were introduced...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
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