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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667762/early-career-nurses-with-fewer-supportive-peers-for-safe-patient-handling-are-likely-to-quit
#1
D A Hurtado, G A Heinonen, L M Dumet, S A Greenspan
This prospective study observed turnover during 1 year at a community hospital in Oregon (n = 39). The study tested whether nurses who at baseline nominated fewer peers as sources of safe patient handling support were more likely to quit than nurses with more supportive peers. Six nurses with tenure under 2 years left their positions. Nurses who quit reported half as many co-workers as sources of support relative to nurses who remained employed, and each additional peer nomination reduced the risk of turnover by 15%...
April 18, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667718/trajectories-of-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#2
Ryan J Van Lieshout, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Katherine M Morrison, Karen J Mathewson
BACKGROUND: Individuals born extremely preterm are exposed to significant perinatal stresses that are associated with an increased risk of psychopathology. However, a paucity of longitudinal studies has prevented the empirical examination of long-term, dynamic effects of perinatal adversity on mental health. Here, internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence through adulthood were compared in individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; >2,500 g)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667499/breaking-the-silence-and-other-prevention-lessons-from-the-opioid-epidemic
#3
Paul E Terry
The goal of this editorial is to equip readers with opioid education resources that enable you to role model what it looks like to speak out about addiction. How are we doing as a profession speaking up about addiction? Stigma is commanded by a deep irony: where peer pressure is what likely keeps us quiet, peer support is what enables us to speak up. The "#MeToo" movement is an extraordinary example of the inertia needed to break open a taboo topic. From Hollywood celebrities to US women's gymnastics stars, it was clear that as more women spoke up about sexual harassment, well, the more women spoke out...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667272/different-brain-networks-underlying-intelligence-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Emmanuel Peng Kiat Pua, Charles B Malpas, Stephen C Bowden, Marc L Seal
There has been sustained clinical and cognitive neuroscience research interest in how network correlates of brain-behavior relationships might be altered in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other neurodevelopmental disorders. As previous work has mostly focused on adults, the nature of whole-brain connectivity networks underlying intelligence in pediatric cohorts with abnormal neurodevelopment requires further investigation. We used network-based statistics (NBS) to examine the association between resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) connectivity and fluid intelligence ability in male children (n = 50) with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD; M = 10...
April 17, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667166/disability-differentials-in-educational-attainment-in-england-primary-and-secondary-effects
#5
Stella Chatzitheochari, Lucinda Platt
Childhood disability has been largely overlooked in social stratification and life course research. As a result, we know remarkably little about mechanisms behind well-documented disability differentials in educational outcomes. This study investigates educational transitions of disabled youth using data from the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England. We draw on social stratification literature on primary and secondary effects as well as that on stigma and labelling in order to explain disabled young people's educational outcomes...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666683/effects-of-peer-facilitated-video-based-and-combined-peer-and-video-education-on-anxiety-among-patients-undergoing-coronary-angiography-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Hosein Habibzadeh, Zahra D Milan, Moloud Radfar, Leyla Alilu, Audrey Cund
Objectives: Coronary angiography can be stressful for patients and anxiety-caused physiological responses during the procedure increase the risk of dysrhythmia, coronary artery spasms and rupture. This study therefore aimed to investigate the effects of peer, video and combined peer-and-video training on anxiety among patients undergoing coronary angiography. Methods: This single-blinded randomised controlled clinical trial was conducted at two large educational hospitals in Iran between April and July 2016...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666674/peer-facilitated-patient-education-an-underutilised-resource
#7
EDITORIAL
Mohammed M Shaikh, Sunil K Nadar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666646/shisha-smoking-habit-among-dental-school-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates-enabling-factors-and-barriers
#8
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Ahmed S Alnuaimi, Asmaa T Uthman
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to assess shisha smoking among dental school students in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). In addition, the role of suggested barriers and enabling factors in shisha smoking was also evaluated. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, between February and May 2016. The questions were adapted from previously published water pipe smoking studies...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666141/examining-the-effectiveness-of-consuming-flour-made-from-agronomically-biofortified-wheat-zincol-2016-nr-421-for-improving-zn-status-in-women-in-a-low-resource-setting-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-cross-over-trial-bizifed
#9
Nicola M Lowe, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Martin R Broadley, Munir H Zia, Harry J McArdle, Edward J M Joy, Heather Ohly, Babar Shahzad, Ubaid Ullah, Gul Kabana, Rashid Medhi, Mukhtiar Zaman Afridi
INTRODUCTION: Dietary zinc (Zn) deficiency is a global problem, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries where access to rich, animal-source foods of Zn is limited due to poverty. In Pakistan, Zn deficiency affects over 40% of the adult female population, resulting in suboptimal immune status and increased likelihood of complications during pregnancy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We are conducting a double-blind, randomised controlled feeding study with cross-over design in a low-resource setting in Pakistan...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666139/last-year-of-life-study-cologne-lyol-c-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study-to-examine-care-trajectories-and-transitions-in-the-last-year-of-life-until-death
#10
Julia Strupp, Gloria Hanke, Nicolas Schippel, Holger Pfaff, Ute Karbach, Christian Rietz, Raymond Voltz
INTRODUCTION: The last year of life constitutes a particularly vulnerable phase for patients, involving nearly all health and social care structures. Yet, little scientific evidence is available that provides insight into the trajectories including the number and types of care setting transitions, transitions into palliative care and the dying phase. Only few studies have focused on difficulties associated with having to move between health and social care settings in the last year of life, although patients face a significant risk of adverse events...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666137/the-french-prospective-multisite-registry-on-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-omin-rationale-and-study-protocol
#11
Karine Levieux, Hugues Patural, Inge Harrewijn, Elisabeth Briand Huchet, Sophie de Visme, Géraldine Gallot, Martin Chalumeau, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Matthieu Hanf
INTRODUCTION: Even after 'back-to-sleep' campaigns, sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) continues to be the leading cause of death for infants 1 month to 1 year old in developed countries, with devastating social, psychological and legal implications for families. To sustainably tackle this problem and decrease the number of SUIDs, a French SUID registry was initiated in 2015 to (1) inform prevention with standardised data, (2) understand the mechanisms leading to SUID and the contribution of the already known or newly suggested risk factors and (3) gather a multidisciplinary group of experts to coordinate and develop innovative and urgent research in the SUID area...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666135/study-protocol-for-the-saron-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-trial-comparing-the-addition-of-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-and-radical-radiotherapy-with-standard-chemotherapy-alone-for-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
John Conibear, Brendan Chia, Yenting Ngai, Andrew Tom Bates, Nicholas Counsell, Rushil Patel, David Eaton, Corinne Faivre-Finn, John Fenwick, Martin Forster, Gerard G Hanna, Susan Harden, Philip Mayles, Syed Moinuddin, David Landau
INTRODUCTION: Following growing evidence to support the safety, local control (LC) and potential improvement in overall survival (OS) in patients with oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that have been treated with local ablative therapy such as stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), we initiate the SARON trial to investigate the impact and feasibility of adding SABR/SRS and radical radiotherapy (RRT) following standard chemotherapy on OS...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666134/adoption-of-a-novel-surgical-innovation-into-clinical-practice-protocol-for-a-qualitative-systematic-review-examining-surgeon-views
#13
Thomas L Lewis, Hugh N Furness, George W Miller, Nicholas Parsons, Kate Seers, Martin Underwood, Andrew J Metcalfe
INTRODUCTION: Efficient adoption of clinically effective novel surgical innovations has great potential benefits for patients. Factors affecting the adoption of surgical innovation are not well understood and proposed models of adoption do not accurately correlate with historical evidence. This protocol is for a systematic review that aims to identify the qualitative evidence relating to surgeon views regarding the adoption of novel surgical innovation into clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance will be performed...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665713/a-clockwork-wikipedia-from-a-broad-perspective-to-a-case-study
#14
Omer Benjakob, Rona Aviram
While research has shown that scientists use Wikipedia and that scientific content on Wikipedia ramifies back into scientific literature, many questions remain on how the two sides interact and through what paradigm this dynamic may be best understood. Using the circadian clock field as a case study, we discuss this scientific field's representation on Wikipedia. We traced the changes made to the articles for "Circadian clock" and "Circadian rhythm" and reviewed the debates that informed them over a span of a decade, using Wikipedia's native and third-party tools...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665700/organizational-response-to-known-medical-errors-does-peer-review-protection-impede-improvement
#15
William J Wenner, Sung W Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665053/the-determinants-of-the-technical-efficiency-of-acute-inpatient-care-in-canada
#16
Li Wang, Michel Grignon, Sheril Perry, Xi-Kuan Chen, Alison Ytsma, Sara Allin, Katerina Gapanenko
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical efficiency of acute inpatient care at the pan-Canadian level and to explore the factors associated with inefficiency-why hospitals are not on their production frontier. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Canadian Management Information System (MIS) database (CMDB) and Discharge Abstract Database (DAD) for the fiscal year of 2012-2013. STUDY DESIGN: We use a nonparametric approach (data envelopment analysis) applied to three peer groups (teaching, large, and medium hospitals, focusing on their acute inpatient care only)...
April 17, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664971/correction-evaluation-of-a-multi-faceted-diabetes-care-program-including-community-based-peer-educators-in-takeo-province-cambodia-2007-2013
#17
Dawn Taniguchi, James LoGerfo, Maurits van Pelt, Bessie Mielcarek, Karin Huster, Mahri Haider, Bernadette Thomas
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181582.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664727/open-fit-domes-and-children-with-bilateral-high-frequency-sensorineural-hearing-loss-benefits-and-outcomes
#18
Patti M Johnstone, Kelly R Yeager, Marnie L Pomeroy, Nicole Hawk
BACKGROUND: Open-fit domes (OFDs) coupled with behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aids were designed for adult listeners with moderate-to-severe bilateral high-frequency hearing loss (BHFL) with little to no concurrent loss in the lower frequencies. Adult research shows that BHFL degrades sound localization accuracy (SLA) and that BTE hearing aids with conventional earmolds (CEs) make matters worse. In contrast, research has shown that OFDs enhance spatial hearing percepts in adults with BHFL...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664356/2016-annual-report-from-the-italian-vats-group
#19
Piergiorgio Solli, Luca Bertolaccini, Andrea Droghetti, Alessandro Bertani, Alessandro Gonfiotti, Mario Nosotti, Marcello Migliore, Roberto Crisci, Italian Vats Group
This report highlights the results of the Italian video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) Group, launched in mid 2013, which now has a website and an established database with over 4000 VATS lobectomy cases recruited from 67 thoracic surgery units across Italy. The year 2016 has been crucial for the following steps: inclusion of a dedicated biostatistician and a 'Survey Analysis & Data Quality Check'; the First Consensus Meeting with statements consequently adopted as Recommendations for the Italian Thoracic Surgery Society and published in a peer-reviewed journal; two papers published under the logo Italian VATS Group and seven abstracts accepted at annual international meetings (European Society of Thoracic Surgeons, European Association of Cardio-Thoracic Surgeons, European Lung Cancer Conference and European Respiratory Society); the institution of a Master Course on VATS lobectomy; the partnership with AME Publishing Company...
March 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664324/the-work-programme-of-eurados-on-internal-and-external-dosimetry
#20
W Rühm, J F Bottollier-Depois, P Gilvin, R Harrison, Ž Knežević, M A Lopez, R Tanner, A Vargas, C Woda
Since the early 1980s, the European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS) has been maintaining a network of institutions interested in the dosimetry of ionising radiation. As of 2017, this network includes more than 70 institutions (research centres, dosimetry services, university institutes, etc.), and the EURADOS database lists more than 500 scientists who contribute to the EURADOS mission, which is to promote research and technical development in dosimetry and its implementation into practice, and to contribute to harmonisation of dosimetry in Europe and its conformance with international practices...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
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