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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936453/biological-mechanisms-of-depression-following-treatment-with-interferon-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-critical-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Myrela O Machado, Giovanni Oriolo, Beatrice Bortolato, Cristiano A Köhler, Michael Maes, Marco Solmi, Iria Grande, Rocío Martín-Santos, Eduard Vieta, André F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: A significant subset of patients infected by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) develops a major depressive episode (MDE) during Interferon-alpha (IFN-α) based immunotherapy. We performed a systematic review of studies which examined biological mechanisms contributing to the onset of a MDE during IFN-α-based immunotherapy for HCV. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched from inception up until 15th February 2016 for peer-reviewed prospective studies that had enrolled HCV infected patients who received IFN-α treatment...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936423/optimising-the-community-based-approach-to-healthcare-improvement-comparative-case-studies-of-the-clinical-community-model-in-practice
#2
Emma-Louise Aveling, Graham Martin, Georgia Herbert, Natalie Armstrong
Community-based approaches to healthcare improvement are receiving increasing attention. Such approaches could offer an infrastructure for efficient knowledge-sharing and a potent means of influencing behaviours, but their potential is yet to be optimised. After briefly reviewing challenges to community-based approaches, we describe in detail the clinical community model. Through exploring clinical communities in practice, we seek to identify practical lessons for optimising this community-based approach to healthcare improvement...
November 22, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936376/peer-network-counseling-as-brief-treatment-for-urban-adolescent-heavy-cannabis-users
#3
Michael J Mason, Roy Sabo, Nikola M Zaharakis
OBJECTIVE: A small body of evidence supports targeting adolescents who are heavy users of cannabis with brief interventions, yet more research is needed to confirm the effectiveness of these studies. We conducted a secondary analysis of our Peer Network Counseling (PNC) study (Mason et al., 2015), focusing on 46 adolescents of the sample of 119 who reported heavy cannabis use at baseline. METHOD: Urban adolescents (91% African American) presenting for primary health care were randomized to intervention or control conditions and followed for 6 months...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936263/-highlighting-the-lived-experience-of-families-family-peer-support-services-initiative
#4
Catherine Briand, Rose-Anne St-Paul, Francine Dubé
To support personal recovery, any person with a mental illness should have access to a range of practices recommended by scientific evidence. The peer support are some of the services recommended by the Mental Health Commission of Canada for the reduction of the economic and social burden of mental illness. If peer support from families is poorly documented, peer support and mutual aid from users have been the subject of several studies. Based on two studies in which she participated, addressing the needs of families, and its experience as a non-profit support organization for families, the Quebec Society of Schizophrenia (QSS) has reflected on the family support problem upon entry in the health system as well as the involvement of families as peer support...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935999/evaluating-conservation-breeding-success-for-an-extinct-in-the-wild-antelope
#5
Holly A Little, Tania C Gilbert, Marie L Athorn, Andrew R Marshall
With the number of threatened species increasing globally, conservation breeding is vitally important now more than ever. However, no previous peer-reviewed study has attempted to determine how the varying conditions across zoos have influenced breeding by an extinct-in-the-wild species. We therefore use questionnaires and studbook data to evaluate the influence of husbandry practices and enclosure design on scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah) breeding success, at the herd level. Regression models were used to identify the variables that best predicted breeding success among 29 zoos across a five-year period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935902/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-young-adults-born-preterm-the-ester-study
#6
Marjaana Tikanmäki, Tuija Tammelin, Nina Kaseva, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Harto Hakonen, Ulf Ekelund, Johan G Eriksson, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Eero Kajantie
BackgroundYoung adults born preterm have higher levels of cardiometabolic risk factors and they report less physical activity than their peers born at term. Physical activity provides important cardiometabolic health benefits. We hypothesized that objectively measured physical activity levels are lower and time spent sedentary is higher among preterm-born individuals compared to controls.MethodsWe studied unimpaired participants of the ESTER birth cohort study at age 23.3 years (SD: 1.2): 60 born early preterm (<34 weeks), 108 late preterm (34-36 weeks), and 178 at term (controls)...
December 9, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935795/alcohol-use-hooking-up-condom-use-is-there-a-sexual-double-standard
#7
Tina M Penhollow, Michael Young, Tonychris Nnaka
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were to: (1) identify judgments college students make of peers based on descriptions of drinking, hooking-up, and condom use behaviors; and (2) determine whether participants' judgments differed based on the sex of the person described. METHODS: Participants (N = 574 college students) completed an online questionnaire that included one of 8 different vignettes (4 vignette types, female or male model). Participants evaluated statements, comprising 3 scales (likability, positive character, negative behavior) relative to the model depicted in the vignette...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935771/preparing-anesthetists-to-manage-cannot-intubate-cannot-ventilate-situations
#8
Kenneth A Wofford
Cannot intubate/cannot ventilate (CICV) situations during anesthesia are rare, potentially catastrophic to the patient, and difficult to predict. Widely adopted practice guidelines advocate an algorithmic approach to CICV situations in which the anesthetist: (a) recognizes the CICV situation, (b) calls for help, (c) steadily progresses through a variety of methods to ventilate the patient and secure the airway, (d) restores ventilation via an infraglottic airway if the patient cannot be safely awakened prior to becoming moribund...
January 2017: Annual Review of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935106/fate-of-abstracts-presented-at-the-annual-meetings-of-the-american-association-of-clinical-anatomists
#9
Hugh Furness, George W Miller, Oliver Putt, Thomas L Lewis
A recent study examined the rate of full-length research paper publication following abstract presentation at the British Association of Clinical Anatomists (BACA) annual meetings. The accepted standard for research dissemination is peer-reviewed publication following presentation at a national or international meeting. The study objectives were quantitative assessment of the abstracts presented at the American Association of Clinical Anatomists' (AACA) annual meetings with regards to the rate of subsequent full-length publication and comparison to BACA publication rates...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934977/real-time-observation-of-protein-aggregates-in-pharmaceutical-formulations-using-liquid-cell-electron-microscopy
#10
Lynn M DiMemmo, A Cameron Varano, Jonathan Haulenbeek, Yanping Liang, Kaya Patel, Madeline J Dukes, Songyan Zheng, Mario Hubert, Steven P Piccoli, Deborah F Kelly
Understanding the properties of protein-based therapeutics is a common goal of biologists and physicians. Technical barriers in the direct observation of small proteins or therapeutic agents can limit our knowledge of how they function in solution and in the body. Electron microscopy (EM) imaging performed in a liquid environment permits us to peer into the active world of cells and molecules at the nanoscale. Here, we employ liquid cell EM to directly visualize a protein-based therapeutic in its native conformation and aggregate state in a time-resolved manner...
December 9, 2016: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934573/conscientious-non-objection-in-intensive-care
#11
Dominic Wilkinson
Discussions of conscientious objection (CO) in healthcare often concentrate on objections to interventions that relate to reproduction, such as termination of pregnancy or contraception. Nevertheless, questions of conscience can arise in other areas of medicine. For example, the intensive care unit is a locus of ethically complex and contested decisions. Ethical debate about CO usually concentrates on the issue of whether physicians should be permitted to object to particular courses of treatment; whether CO should be accommodated...
January 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934556/room-for-improvement-palliating-the-ego-in-feedback-resistant-medical-students
#12
Andrew Perrella
Feedback in medical education provides the impetus for growth in a field pressured to demonstrate continuous progress. Unfortunately, as it always incorporates some level of judgment, certain students appear more resistant than receptive to receiving feedback. Coupled with the ubiquitous stressors of medicine-examinations, perpetual knowledge acquisition, competition for employment-there subtly emerges a learning environment in which the mindset of medical trainees morphs from collegiality to outperformance of one's peers...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933443/editorial-corr-%C3%A2-will-change-to-double-blind-peer-review-what-took-us-so-long-to-get-there
#13
EDITORIAL
Seth S Leopold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933428/in-6-to-8-year-old-children-cardiorespiratory-fitness-moderates-the-relationship-between-severity-of-life-events-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#14
Markus Gerber, Katharina Endes, Serge Brand, Christian Herrmann, Flora Colledge, Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Uwe Pühse, Lukas Zahner
PURPOSE: In children, the pathways by which physical activity and fitness are associated with physical and psychological wellbeing are still not fully understood. The present study examines for the first time in young children whether high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity moderate the relationship between severity of life events and health-related quality of life. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight children (188 girls, 190 boys, M age = 7...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933425/ethical-issues-in-using-social-media-to-deliver-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-results-from-the-hope-peru-study
#15
Renee Garett, Luis Menacho, Sean D Young
Social media technologies have become increasingly useful tools for research-based interventions. However, participants and social media users have expressed ethical concerns with these studies, such as risks and benefits of participation, as well as privacy, confidentiality, and informed consent issues. This study was designed to follow up with and assess experiences and perceptions of ethics-related issues among a sample of 211 men who have sex with men who participated in the Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE) Peru study, a randomized controlled HIV prevention intervention conducted in Peru...
December 9, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933148/role-of-peer-support-workers-in-improving-patient-experience-in-tower-hamlets-specialist-addiction-unit
#16
Wiktor Kulik, Amar Shah
The aim of the project was to improve patient experience for people in Tower Hamlets Specialist Addictions Unit in order to increase satisfaction by 25% in 12 months starting in August 2014. The team used the model for improvement as part of ELFT's quality improvement programme to support iterative cycles of testing and learning. This involved support from the Trust's quality improvement team. The theory of change was visualised through a driver diagram. A number of outcomes were measured and plotted over time - patient satisfaction, staff satisfaction, and attendance to peer support groups...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932901/reefmedmol-mollusca-from-the-infralittoral-rocky-shores-the-biocoenosis-of-photophilic-algae-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#17
Dimitris Poursanidis, Drosos Koutsoubas, Christos Arvanitidis, Giorgos Chatzigeorgiou
BACKGROUND: This paper describes two datasets on the molluscan fauna from the Mediterranean infralittoral reef ecosystem - the biocoenosis of photophilic algae. The first dataset is taken from the East Mediterranean node of the NAGISA project. The second one is a compilation based on the available published material in peer - reviewed journals as well as from the accessible grey literature. These datasets cover a time period of 43 years from 1969 to 2012 from several locations spanning the Mediterranean Sea...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932847/dental-publishing-peer-review-reviewed
#18
A M Bal, K K Mahawar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932581/thanking-all-peer-reviewers
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932547/practice-to-evidence-using-evaluability-assessment-to-generate-practice-based-evidence-in-rural-south-georgia
#20
Sally Honeycutt, April Hermstad, Michelle L Carvalho, Kimberly R Jacob Arriola, Denise Ballard, Cam Escoffery, Michelle C Kegler
Evidence from formal evaluation of real-world practice can address gaps in the public health knowledge base and provide information about feasible, relevant strategies for varied settings. Interest in evaluability assessment (EA) as an approach for generating practice-based evidence has grown. EA has been central to several structured assessment processes that identify and select promising programs and evaluate those most likely to produce useful findings. The Emory Prevention Research Center used EA as part of an initiative to generate practice-based evidence for cancer prevention in southwest Georgia...
December 7, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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