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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829869/bias-among-peer-reviewers
#1
Howard Bauchner, Phil Fontanarosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829866/bias-among-peer-reviewers
#2
Adam C Adler, Stephen A Stayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829840/tone-perception-in-mandarin-speaking-school-age-children-with-otitis-media-with-effusion
#3
Ting Cai, Bradley McPherson, Caiwei Li, Feng Yang
OBJECTIVES: The present study explored tone perception ability in school age Mandarin-speaking children with otitis media with effusion (OME) in noisy listening environments. The study investigated the interaction effects of noise, tone type, age, and hearing status on monaural tone perception, and assessed the application of a hierarchical clustering algorithm for profiling hearing impairment in children with OME. METHODS: Forty-one children with normal hearing and normal middle ear status and 84 children with OME with or without hearing loss participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829822/how-do-research-faculty-in-the-biosciences-evaluate-paper-authorship-criteria
#4
Timothy Kassis
Authorship of peer-reviewed journal articles and abstracts has become the primary currency and reward unit in academia. Such a reward is crucial for students and postdocs who are often under-compensated and thus highly value authorship as an incentive. While numerous scientific and publishing organizations have written guidelines for determining author qualifications and author order, there remains much ambiguity when it comes to how these criteria are weighed by research faculty. Here, we sought to provide some initial insight on how faculty view the relative importance of 11 criteria for scientific authorship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829532/an-oxymoron-of-long-term-care-sheltering-in-place-during-an-evacuation-a-literature-review-of-the-best-practices-of-evacuation-and-sheltering-in-place-for-long-term-care-facilities
#5
Megan Baxter
BACKGROUND: Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are defined as residential facilities that are home to elderly patrons who are no longer able to live independently. These facilities require comprehensive emergency planning to provide the best response to the threat of a disaster for their residents. However, LTCFs are often overlooked in disaster planning, leaving them to work independently to create suitable arrangements in the event of a disaster. This article examines the literature on evacuating and compares it to the literature on sheltering-in-place for LTCFs...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829276/a-call-for-critical-antiracist-medicine-response-to-open-peer-commentaries
#6
Javier Perez-Rodriguez, Alejandro de la Fuente
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829249/impact-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-physical-activity-among-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Ruopeng An, Sheng Zhang, Mengmeng Ji, Chenghua Guan
AIMS: This study systematically reviewed literature regarding the impact of ambient air pollution on physical activity among children and adults. METHODS: Keyword and reference search was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science to systematically identify articles meeting all of the following criteria - study designs: interventions or experiments, retrospective or prospective cohort studies, cross-sectional studies, and case-control studies; subjects: adults; exposures: specific air pollutants and overall air quality; outcomes: physical activity and sedentary behaviour; article types: peer-reviewed publications; and language: articles written in English...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829186/outsourcing-in-bioanalysis-a-cro-perspective
#8
Stephen Lowes
Steve Lowes from Q(2) Solutions speaks to Sankeetha Nadarajah, Managing Commissioning Editor: about outsourcing strategy implementation. Steve started his industrial career at VG Biotech in the UK that became the LC-MS instrument entity of Waters Corporation. Since joining the CRO group that became Advion and then Q(2) Solutions, his career has focused on regulated bioanalysis with particular emphasis on LC-MS. He is a founding member of the Global Bioanalysis Consortium and a past-chair of the AAPS Bioanalytical Focus Group...
August 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829152/lymphoproliferative-disorders-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#9
Brian F Skinnider
CONTEXT: - The diagnosis of gastrointestinal lymphoproliferative disorders can be challenging because of the small size of biopsies and the wide spectrum of lymphoproliferative disorders that may be encountered. OBJECTIVE: - To review the spectrum of lymphoproliferative disorders involving the gastrointestinal tract, highlighting potential pitfalls. DATA SOURCES: - Peer-reviewed articles and clinical experience. CONCLUSIONS: - Interpretation of lymphoid infiltrates in gastrointestinal biopsies requires synthesis of morphologic, immunophenotypic, molecular genetic, and clinical information...
August 22, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828389/barriers-of-adherence-and-possible-solutions-to-nonadherence-to-antidiabetic-therapy-in-women-with-diabetes-in-pregnancy-patients-perspective
#10
Doreen Mukona, Stephen Peter Munjanja, Mathilda Zvinavashe, Babil Stray-Pederson
Diabetes in pregnancy contributes to maternal mortality and morbidity though it receives little attention in developing countries. The purpose of the study was to explore the barriers to adherence and possible solutions to nonadherence to antidiabetic therapy in women with diabetes in pregnancy. Antidiabetic therapy referred to diet, physical activity, and medications. Four focus group discussions (FGDs), each with 7 participants, were held at a central hospital in Zimbabwe. Included were women with a diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy, aged 18 to 49 years, and able to speak Shona or English...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827277/an-investigation-of-the-predictors-of-photoprotection-and-uvr-dose-to-the-face-in-patients-with-xp-a-protocol-using-observational-mixed-methods
#11
Jessica Walburn, Robert Sarkany, Sam Norton, Lesley Foster, Myfanwy Morgan, Kirby Sainsbury, Vera Araújo-Soares, Rebecca Anderson, Isabel Garrood, Jakob Heydenreich, Falko F Sniehotta, Rute Vieira, Hans Christian Wulf, John Weinman
INTRODUCTION: Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare genetic condition caused by defective nucleotide excision repair and characterised by skin cancer, ocular and neurological involvement. Stringent ultraviolet protection is the only way to prevent skin cancer. Despite the risks, some patients' photoprotection is poor, with a potentially devastating impact on their prognosis. The aim of this research is to identify disease-specific and psychosocial predictors of photoprotection behaviour and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) dose to the face...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827276/radar-study-protocol-for-an-observational-cohort-study-to-identify-early-warning-signals-on-the-pathways-to-alcohol-use-disorder
#12
Tim Slade, Wendy Swift, Louise Mewton, Kypros Kypri, Michael T Lynskey, Peter Butterworth, Joel Tibbetts, Stacey McCraw, Emily Upton
INTRODUCTION: Harmful alcohol consumption, particularly alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a worldwide health priority, contributing substantially to global morbidity and mortality. The peak age of onset of AUD is 18-24, thus a deeper understanding of the young adult experience is vital if we are to identify modifiable risk factors and intervene early in the developmental course of this disabling disorder. Critical unanswered questions include: How soon after drinking initiation do AUD symptoms begin to emerge? Which symptoms come first? Do the symptoms unfold in a predictable pattern? In what ways do the emerging symptoms interact with individual, peer, family and environmental risk factors to impact on the transition to disorder? METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The proposed RADAR study will examine the prospective development of AUD symptoms over the young adulthood (18-24) years...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827273/comparison-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-treated-with-catheter-ablation-or-antiarrhythmic-drug-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#13
Katherine S Allan, Shaunattonie Henry, Theresa Aves, Laura Banfield, J Charles Victor, Paul Dorian, Jeff S Healey, Jason Andrade, Sandra Carroll, Michael McGillion
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia and causes patients considerable burden; symptoms such as palpitations and dyspnoea are common, leading to frequent emergency room visits. Patients with AF report reduced health-related quality of life (HQOL) compared with the general population; thus, treatments focus on the restoration of sinus rhythm to improve symptoms. Catheter ablation (CA) is a primary treatment strategy to treat AF-related burden in select patient populations; however, repeat procedures are often needed, there is a risk of major complications and the procedure is quite costly in comparison to medical therapy...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827270/study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-meniscal-surgery-compared-with-exercise-and-patient-education-for-treatment-of-meniscal-tears-in-young-adults
#14
Søren Thorgaard Skou, Martin Lind, Per Hölmich, Hans Peter Jensen, Carsten Jensen, Muhammad Afzal, Uffe Jørgensen, Jonas Bloch Thorlund
INTRODUCTION: Arthroscopic surgery is a very common orthopaedic procedure. While several trials have investigated the effect of knee arthroscopy for middle-aged and older patients with meniscal tears, there is a paucity of trials comparing meniscal surgery with non-surgical treatment for younger adults. The aim of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to investigate if early arthroscopic surgery is superior to exercise therapy and education, with the option of later surgery if needed, in improving pain, function and quality of life in younger adults with meniscal tears...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827269/redundant-systematic-reviews-on-the-same-topic-in-surgery-a-study-protocol-for-a-meta-epidemiological-investigation
#15
Morihiro Katsura, Akira Kuriyama, Masafumi Tada, Kazumichi Yamamoto, Toshi A Furukawa
INTRODUCTION: We are witnessing an explosive increase in redundant and overlapping publications of systematic reviews and meta-analyses (SRs/MAs) on the same topic, which often present conflicting results and interpretations, in the current medical literature. They represent wasted efforts on the part of investigators and peer reviewers and may confuse and possibly mislead clinicians and policymakers. Here, we present a protocol for a meta-epidemiological investigation to describe how often there are overlapping SRs/MAs on the same topic, to assess the quality of these multiple publications, and to investigate the causes of discrepant results between multiple SRs/MAs in the field of major surgery...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827268/shoe-cushioning-body-mass-and-running-biomechanics-as-risk-factors-for-running-injury-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Laurent Malisoux, Nicolas Delattre, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
INTRODUCTION: Repetitive loading of the musculoskeletal system is suggested to be involved in the underlying mechanism of the majority of running-related injuries (RRIs). Accordingly, heavier runners are assumed to be at a higher risk of RRI. The cushioning system of modern running shoes is expected to protect runners again high impact forces, and therefore, RRI. However, the role of shoe cushioning in injury prevention remains unclear. The main aim of this study is to investigate the influence of shoe cushioning and body mass on RRI risk, while exploring simultaneously the association between running technique and RRI risk...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827266/assessing-residents-knowledge-of-patient-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-large-academic-medical-centre
#17
Diana E Stewart, Bich N Dang, Barbara Trautner, Cecilia Cai, Sergio Torres, Teri Turner
OBJECTIVES: Patient satisfaction impacts healthcare quality and outcomes. Residents play an important role in patient satisfaction at academic institutions. This study aims to assess residents' patient satisfaction knowledge and determine which learning experiences contributed to their knowledge acquisition. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a health science university in a large, urban, tertiary-care academic medical centre in the USA. PARTICIPANTS: All residents from internal medicine (n=185) and paediatrics (n=156) were asked to participate...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827265/elearning-for-health-system-leadership-and-management-capacity-building-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#18
Lorainne Tudor Car, Rifat Atun
INTRODUCTION: Health leadership and management capacity are essential for health system strengthening and for attaining universal health coverage by optimising the existing human, technological and financial resources. However, in health systems, health leadership and management training is not widely available. The use of information technology for education (ie, eLearning) could help address this training gap by enabling flexible, efficient and scalable health leadership and management training...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827259/interventions-by-healthcare-professionals-to-improve-management-of-physical-long-term-conditions-in-adults-who-are-homeless-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Peter Hanlon, Lynsey Yeoman, Regina Esiovwa, Lauren Gibson, Andrea E Williamson, Frances S Mair, Richard Lowrie
INTRODUCTION: People experiencing homelessness are at increased risk of, and have poorer outcomes from, a range of physical long-term conditions (LTCs). It is increasingly recognised that interventions targeting people who are homeless should be tailored to the specific needs of this population. This systematic review aims to identify, describe and appraise trials of interventions that aim to manage physical LTCs in homeless adults and are delivered by healthcare professionals. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Seven electronic databases (Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Assia, Scopus, PsycINFO and CINAHL) will be searched from 1960 (or inception) to October 2016 and supplemented by forward citation searching, handsearching of reference lists and searching grey literature...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827258/protocol-for-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-pilot-study-for-assessing-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-a-paediatric-ulcerative-colitis-population-pedifetch-trial
#20
Nikhil Pai, Jelena Popov
INTRODUCTION: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic, relapsing condition characterised by colonic inflammation. Increasing prevalence in early-age diagnosis provides opportunities for additional complications in later life as a result of prolonged exposure to inflammatory and therapeutic insults, necessitating novel avenues for therapeutics which may result in fewer side effects. Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has previously demonstrated potential therapeutic benefit in an adult randomised-controlled trial and several recurrent Clostridium difficile infection studies...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
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