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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228241/speech-intelligibility-and-personality-peer-ratings-of-young-adults-with-cochlear-implants
#1
Valerie Freeman
Speech intelligibility, or how well a speaker's words are understood by others, affects listeners' judgments of the speaker's competence and personality. Deaf cochlear implant (CI) users vary widely in speech intelligibility, and their speech may have a noticeable "deaf" quality, both of which could evoke negative stereotypes or judgments from peers. In this study, college students with typical hearing (TH) used semantic differential scales to rate speech samples of highly-intelligible TH young adults and age-matched CI users with high or low intelligibility (CI-Hi, CI-Lo) on personality traits related to competence (intelligence, achievement), friendship skills (friendliness, popularity), and attractiveness as a friend (extraversion, dependability)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227878/harm-reduction-based-and-peer-supported-hepatitis-c-treatment-for-people-who-inject-drugs-in-georgia
#2
Tamar Kikvidze, Niklas Luhmann, Elisabeth Avril, Maia Butsashvili, Konstantine Labartkava, Aurélie Etienne, Diane Le Pluart, Ina Inaridze, Ana Gamezardashvili, David Kharshiladze, Julie Bouscaillou
BACKGROUNDS: Georgia faces high HCV rates (5.4% of chronic cases in general population) with an epidemic concentrated among people who inject drugs (PWID). A National HCV Elimination Program (NHCEP), was launched in April 2015, aiming to eliminate HCV by 2020. To succeed, this program must develop tailored interventions to enroll PWID in treatment. INTERVENTION: We implemented a pilot intervention to facilitate access to and retention of PWID in the NHCEP, and to prevent reinfection after treatment...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227850/overrated-adults-4-year-olds-false-belief-understanding-is-influenced-by-the-believer-s-age
#3
Sabine Seehagen, Larissa Dreier, Norbert Zmyj
Children perceive adults as more knowledgeable than peers. We tested whether this general preconception influences preschoolers' performance in a false-belief task. Children (4- and 5-year-olds; N = 146) watched videos showing a peer protagonist or an adult protagonist experiencing events that should lead the protagonist to hold a false belief. Then children were asked to infer the protagonist's perception of the situation. Age of the protagonist influenced 4-year-olds' judgments but not 5-year-olds' judgments...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226979/it-is-time-to-re-evaluate-the-peer-review-process-for-preclinical-research
#4
Rajat Bhattacharya, Lee M Ellis
Problems in peer review, the backbone of maintaining high standards in scientific publishing, have led to wide spread discontent within the scientific community. Training in the peer review process and a simpler format to assist in decision making are possible courses to improve and expedite the process of peer review and scientific publishing.
December 11, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226776/a-journal-level-analysis-of-progress-in-transplantation
#5
Thomas Feeley, Seyoung Lee, Shin-Il Moon
CONTEXT: Citations to articles published in academic journals represent a proxy for influence in bibliometrics. OBJECTIVE: To measure the journal impact factor for Progress in Transplantation over time and to also identify related journals indexed in transplantation and surgery. DESIGN: Data from Journal Citation Reports (ISI web of science) were used to rank Progress in Transplantation compared to peer journals using journal impact and journal relatedness measures...
January 1, 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226514/hospital-admission-in-children-and-adolescents-with-or-without-type-1-diabetes-from-germany-an-analysis-of-statutory-health-insurance-data-on-12-million-subjects
#6
Barbara Bohn, Anke Schwandt, Peter Ihle, Andrea Icks, Joachim Rosenbauer, Beate Karges, Reinhard W Holl
OBJECTIVE: To compare the chance of hospital admissions in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) to that without T1D from Germany. METHODS: Data were provided by the German information system for health care data which contains information on all patients with a statutory health insurance. The years 2009 and 2011 were considered. Children and adolescents (0 to ≤19 years of age; n = 12 030 242) were included. Unadjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used to compare the hospitalization rate for patients with (n = 26 444) or without T1D (12 003 798)...
December 11, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226513/consolidation-of-vocabulary-is-associated-with-sleep-in-typically-developing-children-but-not-in-children-with-dyslexia
#7
Faye R H Smith, M Gareth Gaskell, Anna R Weighall, Meesha Warmington, Alexander M Reid, Lisa M Henderson
Sleep is known to play an active role in consolidating new vocabulary in adults; however, the mechanisms by which sleep promotes vocabulary consolidation in childhood are less well understood. Furthermore, there has been no investigation into whether previously reported differences in sleep architecture might account for variability in vocabulary consolidation in children with dyslexia. Twenty-three children with dyslexia and 29 age-matched typically developing peers were exposed to 16 novel spoken words. Typically developing children showed overnight improvements in novel word recall; the size of the improvement correlated positively with slow wave activity, similar to previous findings with adults...
December 11, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226448/better-measurement-for-performance-improvement-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-primary-health-care-performance-initiative-phcpi-experience-of-conceptual-framework-development-and-indicator-selection
#8
Jeremy Veillard, Krycia Cowling, Asaf Bitton, Hannah Ratcliffe, Meredith Kimball, Shannon Barkley, Laure Mercereau, Ethan Wong, Chelsea Taylor, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Hong Wang
Policy Points: Strengthening accountability through better measurement and reporting is vital to ensure progress in improving quality primary health care (PHC) systems and achieving universal health coverage (UHC). The Primary Health Care Performance Initiative (PHCPI) provides national decision makers and global stakeholders with opportunities to benchmark and accelerate performance improvement through better performance measurement. Results from the initial PHC performance assessments in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are helping guide PHC reforms and investments and improve the PHCPI's instruments and indicators...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226274/virtual-dissection-by-ultrasound-probe-handling-in-the-first-year-of-medical-education
#9
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio Giuseppe Mantero, Antonino Previtera, Michela Crisitna Turci, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Emanuela A M Bertolini
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the educational plan of first-year students of medicine by analyzing their scores in ultrasound body scanning. Methods: Since 2009, the San Paolo Medical School (Milan, Italy) has vertically integrated the study of anatomy with ultrasound-assisted virtual body dissection. Three modules were supplied: musculoskeletal system, heart and abdomen pelvis. 653 first-year students were trained. The students alternated as mutual model and operator...
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226254/empirical-treatment-of-bacterial-keratitis-an-international-survey-of-corneal-specialists
#10
Ariana Austin, Julie Schallhorn, Mike Geske, Mark Mannis, Tom Lietman, Jennifer Rose-Nussbaumer
Background/aims: New antibiotic agents and changing susceptibility patterns may have changed the empirical treatment of bacterial keratitis. Our objective in this study was to survey cornea specialists' practice patterns in the initial treatment of bacterial ulcers. Methods: This study consisted of a short online survey emailed to members of the Cornea Society listserv for an international sample of cornea specialists. Data collection began July 2014 and ended October 2014...
August 2017: BMJ Open Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226227/online-platform-as-a-tool-to-support-postgraduate-training-in-general-practice-a-case-report
#11
Lorena Dini, Claire Galanski, Susanne Döpfmer, Sabine Gehrke-Beck, Gudrun Bayer, Martin Boeckle, Isabel Micheel, Jasminko Novak, Christoph Heintze
Objective: Physicians in postgraduate training (PPT) in General Practice (GP) typically have very little interaction with their peers, as there is usually only one resident physician working in their respective department or GP office at a given time. Therefore, the online platform KOLEGEA, presented here, aims to support postgraduate training in general practice (PT in GP) in Germany through virtual interaction. Methodology: In 2012, the interdisciplinary research project KOLEGEA set up an online platform that any physicians in PT in GP can use for free after registration with their unitary continuous education number (Einheitliche Fortbildungsnummer, EFN)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226037/parental-acculturation-level-moderates-outcome-in-peer-involved-and-parent-involved-cbt-for-anxiety-disorders-in-latino-youth
#12
Daniella Vaclavik, Victor Buitron, Yasmin Rey, Carla E Marin, Wendy K Silverman, Jeremy W Pettit
Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) are efficacious treatments for anxiety disorders in Latino youth. However, there is a gap in knowledge about moderators of CBT outcomes in Latino youth. This study addresses this gap by examining parental acculturation as a moderator of youth anxiety outcomes in a randomized controlled trial of parent-involved CBT (CBT/P) and peer-involved group CBT (GCBT) in 139 Latino youth (ages 6 to 16 years; mean age = 9.68 years). Comparable youth anxiety reduction effects were found for CBT/P and GCBT...
September 2017: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226033/patterns-in-artisanal-coral-reef-fisheries-revealed-through-local-monitoring-efforts
#13
David G Delaney, Lida T Teneva, Kostantinos A Stamoulis, Jonatha L Giddens, Haruko Koike, Tom Ogawa, Alan M Friedlander, John N Kittinger
Sustainable fisheries management is key to restoring and maintaining ecological function and benefits to people, but it requires accurate information about patterns of resource use, particularly fishing pressure. In most coral reef fisheries and other data-poor contexts, obtaining such information is challenging and remains an impediment to effective management. We developed the most comprehensive regional view of shore-based fishing effort and catch published to date, to show detailed fishing patterns from across the main Hawaiian Islands (MHI)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225906/patient-engagement-in-kidney-research-opportunities-and-challenges-ahead
#14
REVIEW
Amber O Molnar, Moumita Barua, Ana Konvalinka, Kara Schick-Makaroff
Purpose of Review: Patient engagement in research is increasingly recognized as an important component of the research process and may facilitate translation of research findings. To heighten awareness on this important topic, this review presents opportunities and challenges of patient engagement in research, drawing on specific examples from 4 areas of Canadian kidney research conducted by New Investigators in the Kidney Research Scientist Core Education and National Training (KRESCENT) Program...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225890/can-peer-support-be-cost-saving-an-economic-evaluation-of-rapsid-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-peer-support-in-diabetes-compared-to-usual-care-alone-in-east-of-england-communities
#15
La'Marcus Wingate, Jonathan Graffy, Daniel Holman, David Simmons
Background: Diabetes peer support, where one person with diabetes helps others, may improve diabetes management. The objective of this study was to perform a cost analysis of peer support strategies used in RAndomized controlled trial of Peer Support in type 2 Diabetes. Methods: We performed a 2×2 factorial randomized cluster controlled trial in England. People with type 2 diabetes were invited to participate as either 'peer' or 'peer support facilitator' (PSF) through postal invitation predominantly from general practice...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225889/efficacy-of-sonographic-and-biological-pleurodesis-indicators-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-simple-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Ioannis Psallidas, Hania E G Piotrowska, Ahmed Yousuf, Nikolaos I Kanellakis, Gayathri Kagithala, Seid Mohammed, Lei Clifton, John P Corcoran, Nicky Russell, Melissa Dobson, Robert F Miller, Najib M Rahman
Introduction: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is common and currently in UK there are an estimated 50 000 new cases of MPE per year. Talc pleurodesis remains one of the most popular methods for fluid control. The value of thoracic ultrasound (TUS) imaging, before and after pleurodesis, in improving the quality and efficacy of care for patients with MPE remains unknown. Additionally, biomarkers of successful pleurodesis including measurement of pleural fluid proteins have not been validated in prospective studies...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225588/income-inequality-and-happiness-an-inverted-u-shaped-curve
#17
Zonghuo Yu, Fei Wang
Numerous studies agree that income inequality, rather than absolute income, is an important predictor of happiness. However, its specific role has been controversial. We argue that income inequality and happiness should exhibit an inverted U-shaped relationship due to the dynamic competing process between two effects: when income inequality is relatively low, the signal effect will be the dominating factor, in which individuals feel happy because they consider income inequality as a signal of social mobility and expect upward mobility; however, if income inequality level increases beyond a critical point, the jealousy effect will become the dominating factor, in which individuals tend to be unhappy because they are disillusioned about the prospect of upward mobility and jealous of their wealthier peers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225396/new-students-peer-integration-and-exposure-to-deviant-peers-spurious-effects-of-school-moves
#18
Sonja E Siennick, Alex O Widdowson, Daniel T Ragan
School moves during adolescence predict lower peer integration and higher exposure to delinquent peers. Yet mobility and peer problems have several common correlates, so differences in movers' and non-movers' social adjustment may be due to selection rather than to causal effects of school moves. Drawing on survey and social network data from a sample of 7th and 8th graders, this study compared the structure and behavioral content of new students' friendship networks to those of not only non-movers, but also of students about to move schools; the latter should resemble new students in both observed and unobserved ways...
November 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225383/assessment-of-risk-and-protection-in-native-american-youth-steps-toward-conducting-culturally-relevant-sustainable-prevention-in-indian-country
#19
Katarina Guttmannova, Melissa J Wheeler, Karl G Hill, Teresa A Evans-Campbell, Lacey A Hartigan, Tiffany M Jones, J David Hawkins, Richard F Catalano
Background: This study constitutes a building block in the cultural adaptation of Communities That Care (CTC), a community-based prevention system that has been found to be effective in reducing youth problem behaviors. Methods: Using the data from the CTC normative survey dataset that consists of more than quarter million youth nationwide, this study examines the reliability and validity of scores derived from the Communities That Care Youth Survey (CTC-YS), one of the primary assessment tools for gathering community data on risk and protective factors related to problem behaviors including substance use...
April 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225339/early-speech-development-in-koolen-de-vries-syndrome-limited-by-oral-praxis-and-hypotonia
#20
Angela T Morgan, Leenke van Haaften, Karen van Hulst, Carol Edley, Cristina Mei, Tiong Yang Tan, David Amor, Simon E Fisher, David A Koolen
Communication disorder is common in Koolen de Vries syndrome (KdVS), yet its specific symptomatology has not been examined, limiting prognostic counselling and application of targeted therapies. Here we examine the communication phenotype associated with KdVS. Twenty-nine participants (12 males, 4 with KANSL1 variants, 25 with 17q21.31 microdeletion), aged 1.0-27.0 years were assessed for oral-motor, speech, language, literacy, and social functioning. Early history included hypotonia and feeding difficulties...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
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