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Post-viral fatigue syndrome

Eva Stormorken, Leonard A Jason, Marit Kirkevold
BACKGROUND: Post-infectious fatigue syndrome (PIFS), also known as post-viral fatigue syndrome, is a complex condition resulting in physical, cognitive, emotional, neurological, vocational and/or role performance disabilities in varying degrees that changes over time. The needs for health care resources are high, and costly, as is the economic burden on the affected individuals. Many factors may impact the trajectory, and frequently PIFS develops into a chronic condition. Health professionals lack understanding and knowledge, which results in delayed diagnosis, lack of recognition, appropriate treatment, support and practical help...
December 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
Cassandra Balinas, Thao Nguyen, Samantha Johnston, Peter Smith, Donald Staines, Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik
BACKGROUND: Viral infections and hypersensitivities are commonly reported by Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) patients. Mast Cells (MC) uniquely mediate type 1 hypersensitivities and resolve viral infections via toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3). OBJECTIVE: To characterise and compare mast cell progenitors (MCPs) in CFS/ME participants with a known MC disorder, Systemic mastocytosis (SM), and secondly, to investigate the role of MC TLR3 in CFS/ME participants following Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C) stimulation...
December 10, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Simon M Collin, Inger J Bakken, Irwin Nazareth, Esther Crawley, Peter D White
Objective Trends in recorded diagnoses of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS, also known as 'myalgic encephalomyelitis' (ME)) and fibromyalgia (FM) in the UK were last reported more than ten years ago, for the period 1990-2001. Our aim was to analyse trends in incident diagnoses of CFS/ME and FM for the period 2001-2013, and to investigate whether incidence might vary by index of multiple deprivation (IMD) score. Design Electronic health records cohort study. Setting NHS primary care practices in the UK. Participants Participants: Patients registered with general practices linked to the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) primary care database from January 2001 to December 2013...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Olga A Sukocheva, Jim Manavis, Tuck-Weng Kok, Mark Turra, Angelo Izzo, Peter Blumbergs, Barrie P Marmion
BACKGROUND: In a previous study of a Q fever outbreak in Birmingham, our group identified a non-infective complex of Coxiella burnetii (C.b.) antigens able to survive in the host and provoked aberrant humoral and cell-mediated immunity responses. The study led to recognition of a possible pathogenic link between C.b. infection and subsequent long-term post Q fever fatigue syndrome (QFS). This report presents an unusually severe case of C.b. antigen and DNA detection in post-mortem specimens from a patient with QFS...
April 18, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Andreina Baj, Martina Colombo, Joan L Headley, John R McFarlane, Mary-Ann Liethof, Antonio Toniolo
This review summarizes current concepts on post-polio syndrome (PPS), a condition that may arise in polio survivors after partial or complete functional recovery followed by a prolonged interval of stable neurological function. PPS affects 15-20 million people worldwide. Epidemiological data are reported, together with the pathogenic pathways that possibly lead to the progressive degeneration and loss of neuromuscular motor units. As a consequence of PPS, polio survivors experience new weakness, generalized fatigue, atrophy of previously unaffected muscles, and a physical decline that may culminate in the loss of independent life...
June 2015: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Ioana Cristina Amihăesei, Elena Cojocaru
Chronic fatigue syndrome is characterized by severe, persistent fatigue which is not relieved by rest and is not associated to other medical conditions. Other common symptoms are including concentration and memory impairment, muscle and multiple joints pain, extreme exhaustion after physical or mental exertions, irritable bowel syndrome-like symptoms and depression, anxiety, mood swings and panic attacks. Etiology of the syndrome is not yet clear, post-viral and stress hypotheses were not verified. Diagnosis is confirmed in case of new onset of severe fatigue, for six consecutive months or more; fatigue is leading to significant reduction of the activity levels and is accompanied by other four or more of the specific associated symptoms, which are also lasting for six months or longer...
July 2014: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Michael Gleeson
Athletes fail to perform to the best of their ability if they become infected, stale, sore or malnourished. Excessive training with insufficient recovery can lead to a debilitating syndrome in which performance and well being can be affected for months. Eliminating or minimizing these problems by providing advice and guidelines on training loads, recovery times, nutrition or pharmacological intervention and regular monitoring of athletes using an appropriate battery of markers can help prevent the development of an overtraining syndrome in athletes...
June 2002: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Wei Wang, Alyce Russell, Yuxiang Yan
BACKGROUND: The premise of disease-related phenotypes is the definition of the counterpart normality in medical sciences. Contrary to clinical practices that can be carefully planned according to clinical needs, heterogeneity and uncontrollability is the essence of humans in carrying out health studies. Full characterization of consistent phenotypes that define the general population is the basis to individual difference normalization in personalized medicine. Self-claimed normal status may not represent health because asymptomatic subjects may carry chronic diseases at their early stage, such as cancer, diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis...
February 13, 2014: EPMA Journal
Suzanne Broadbent, Rosanne Coutts
BACKGROUND: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a debilitating disorder with an unknown aetiology but suspected multifactorial origins. Common "triggers" include severe viral infections and emotional stress. Recent studies have also found evidence of immune dysfunction and elevated inflammatory cytokines in CFS patients, but there has been considerable variation in the outcome measures and magnitude of these studies. Currently, there is no cure for CFS but treatments include rest, specialist medical care, cognitive behavioural therapy, and graded (self-paced) exercise...
August 30, 2013: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Rona Moss-Morris, Vincent Deary, Bronwyn Castell
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an illness characterized by disabling fatigue of at least 6 months. The aetiology of the condition has been hotly debated. In this chapter the evidence for CFS as a post viral condition and/or a neurological condition is reviewed. Although there is evidence that CFS is triggered by certain viruses in some patients and that neurobiological changes such as hypocortisolism are associated with the syndrome, neither mechanism is sufficient to explain the extent of the symptoms or disability experienced by patients...
2013: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Ewa Matyja
The outcome of paralytic polio was believed to be a stable neurological state. Now, it is established that polio has an additional, slowly progressive phase, called post-polio syndrome (PPS) that develops 30-40 years after the acute poliomyelitis in 25-80% of paralytic and about 40% of nonparalytic polio survivors. The clinical symptoms are nonspecific and usually include muscle weakness, fatigue and muscle or joint pain. Some patients suffer from muscular atrophy, respiratory insufficiency, dysphagia, sleep disturbances or cold intolerance...
July 2012: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Ketha V K Mohan, Krishnakumar Devadas, Shilpakala Sainath Rao, Indira Hewlett, Chintamani Atreya
INTRODUCTION: XMRV is a gammaretrovirus that was thought to be associated with prostate cancer (PC) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in humans until recently. The virus is culturable in various cells of human origin like the lymphocytes, NK cells, neuronal cells, and prostate cell lines. MicroRNAs (miRNA), which regulate gene expression, were so far not identified in cells infected with XMRV in culture. METHODS: Two prostate cell lines (LNCaP and DU145) and two primary cells, Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes [PBL] and Monocyte-derived Macrophages [MDM] were infected with XMRV...
2012: PloS One
Toshie Sakuma, Jason M Tonne, Jessica A Malcolm, Tayaramma Thatava, Seiga Ohmine, Kah-Whye Peng, Yasuhiro Ikeda
Increasing evidence has indicated natural transspecies transmission of gammaretroviruses; however, viral-host interactions after initial xeno-exposure remain poorly understood. Potential association of xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) in patients with prostate cancer and chronic fatigue syndrome has attracted broad interests in this topic. Although recent studies have indicated that XMRV is unlikely a human pathogen, further understanding of XMRV xenoinfection would allow in vivo modeling of the initial steps of gammaretroviral interspecies transmission, evolution and dissemination in a new host population...
2012: PloS One
A Midgley
Light to moderate exercise has been associated with an increase in immune function and reduced risk of infectious diseases. Conversely, heavy exercise has been implicated in suppression of many immune parameters and a concomitant increased risk of infectious diseases. Infections can result in lost training time and negatively affect the performance of the elite athlete. Exercising during an infection can also increase the risk of secondary complications, such as viral myocarditis and post-viral fatigue syndrome...
December 1, 2003: Research in Sports Medicine
Harvey Moldofsky, John Patcai
BACKGROUND: The long term adverse effects of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), a viral disease, are poorly understood. METHODS: Sleep physiology, somatic and mood symptoms of 22 Toronto subjects, 21 of whom were healthcare workers, (19 females, 3 males, mean age 46.29 yrs.+/- 11.02) who remained unable to return to their former occupation (mean 19.8 months, range: 13 to 36 months following SARS) were compared to 7 healthy female subjects. Because of their clinical similarities to patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) these post-SARS subjects were similarly compared to 21 drug free female patients, (mean age 42...
2011: BMC Neurology
Carla Lintas, Francesco Guidi, Barbara Manzi, Antonio Mancini, Paolo Curatolo, Antonio M Persico
BACKGROUND: Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by impaired language, communication and social skills, as well as by repetitive and stereotypic patterns of behavior. Many autistic subjects display a dysregulation of the immune system which is compatible with an unresolved viral infection with prenatal onset, potentially due to vertical viral transmission. Recently, the xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) has been implicated in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and in prostate cancer by several, though not all studies...
2011: PloS One
Brent C Satterfield, Rebecca A Garcia, Hongwei Jia, Shaohua Tang, Haoqiang Zheng, William M Switzer
In 2009, a newly discovered human retrovirus, xenotropic murine leukemia virus (MuLV)-related virus (XMRV), was reported by Lombardi et al. in 67% of persons from the US with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) by PCR detection of gag sequences. Although six subsequent studies have been negative for XMRV, CFS was defined more broadly using only the CDC or Oxford criteria and samples from the US were limited in geographic diversity, both potentially reducing the chances of identifying XMRV positive CFS cases. A seventh study recently found polytropic MuLV sequences, but not XMRV, in a high proportion of persons with CFS...
2011: Retrovirology
E Capelli, R Zola, L Lorusso, L Venturini, F Sardi, G Ricevuti
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), also referred to as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), is a disease of unknown origin. It is classified as Post Viral Fatigue Syndrome (PVFS) in the WHO International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and listed as sub-category at G93.3 under chapter G93, other disorders of the brain. ME/CFS is primarily an endemic disorder but occurs in both epidemic and sporadic forms. It affects all racial-ethnic groups and is seen in all socioeconomic strata. A diagnosis of CFS is a diagnosis of exclusion, meaning other medical conditions, including psychiatric disorders, must be first ruled out...
October 2010: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Barbara Cameron, Louis Flamand, Hedy Juwana, Jaap Middeldorp, Zin Naing, William Rawlinson, Dharam Ablashi, Andrew Lloyd
Multiple previous studies have sought evidence for ongoing, active infection with, or reactivation of, Herpesviruses in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), with conflicting results. This study aimed to clarify this by studying 20 patients enrolled in a well-characterized model of the onset and evolution of CFS, the prospective cohort of the Dubbo Infection Outcomes Study (DIOS). The patients selected for examination included five CFS patients with primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection; five CFS patients with acute viral infection not caused by EBV; and 10 matched controls with prompt resolution of primary EBV infection...
October 2010: Journal of Medical Virology
Lorenzo Lorusso, Svetlana V Mikhaylova, Enrica Capelli, Daniela Ferrari, Gaelle K Ngonga, Giovanni Ricevuti
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a specific clinical condition that characterises unexplained disabling fatigue and a combination of non-specific accompanying symptoms for at least 6 months, in the absence of a medical diagnosis that would otherwise explain the clinical presentation. Other common symptoms include headaches, myalgia, arthralgia, and post-exertional malaise; cognitive difficulties, with impaired memory and concentration; unrefreshing sleep; and mood changes. Similar disorders have been described for at least two centuries and have been differently named neurasthenia, post-viral fatigue, myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic mononucleosis...
February 2009: Autoimmunity Reviews
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