Read by QxMD icon Read


Patrick Orlando, Sonia Silvestri, Roberta Galeazzi, Roberto Antonicelli, Fabio Marcheggiani, Ilenia Cirilli, Tiziana Bacchetti, Luca Tiano
OBJECTIVES: Physical exercise significantly impacts the biochemistry of the organism. Ubiquinone is a key component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and ubiquinol, its reduced and active form, is an emerging molecule in sport nutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ubiquinol supplementation on biochemical and oxidative stress indexes after an intense bout of exercise. METHODS: 21 male young athletes (26 + 5 years of age) were randomized in two groups according to a double blind cross-over study, either supplemented with ubiquinol (200 mg/day) or placebo for 1 month...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
A V Kalatanova, V G Makarov, N M Faustova, Ya I Gushchin, M N Makarova
The cardioprotective effect of ubiquinol on the model of myocardium reperfusion injury in rats was investigated. The study was carried out using mature males of outbred rats. Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury was performed after 30-minute ligation of the left coronary artery followed by reperfusion. The main criteria for assessing the development of pathology included the results of electrocardiography, biochemical analysis of blood plasma, histological and histochemical study of the myocardium. Development of the reperfusion damage of the myocardium caused specific changes in non-treated animals...
March 2018: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
Adalbert Dreinert, Antje Wolf, Tobias Mentzel, Brigitte Meunier, Marcus Fehr
Ametoctradin is an agricultural fungicide that selectively inhibits the cytochrome bc1 complex of oomycetes. Previous spectrophotometric studies using the purified cytochrome bc1 complex from Pythium sp. showed that Ametoctradin binds to the Qo -site of the enzyme. However, as modeling studies suggested a binding mode like that of the substrate ubiquinol, the possibility for a dual Qo - and Qi-site binding mode was left open. In this work, binding studies and enzyme assays with mitochondrial membrane preparations from Pythium sp...
April 25, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Sergei A Dikanov, Alexander T Taguchi
Hydrogen bonding between SQ intermediates and sidechain or backbone nitrogens in protein quinone processing sites (Q-sites) is a common motif. Previous studies on SQs from multiple protein environments have reported specific features in the 15 N HYSCORE spectra not reproducible by a theory based on fixed hyperfine parameters, and the source of these lineshape distortions remained unknown. In this work, using the spectra of the SQ in the Q-sites of wild-type and mutant D75H cytochrome bo3 ubiquinol oxidase from E...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Charles A Wilson, Antony R Crofts
A key feature of the modified Q-cycle of the cytochrome bc1 and related complexes is a bifurcation of QH2 oxidation involving electron transfer to two different acceptor chains, each coupled to proton release. We have studied the kinetics of proton release in chromatophore vesicles from Rhodobacter sphaeroides, using the pH-sensitive dye neutral red to follow pH changes inside on activation of the photosynthetic chain, focusing on the bifurcated reaction, in which 4H+ are released on complete turnover of the Q-cycle (2H+ /ubiquinol (QH2 ) oxidized)...
April 3, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Guiming Wang, Wenbo Zhao, Yudong Yang, Gaochao Yang, Zhigang Wei, Jiansheng Guo
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common vascular disease and a major cause of mortality. This study intended to explore the biomarkers associated with VTE by bioinformatics analyses.Based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, the GSE19151 expression profile data were downloaded. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between single VTE (sVTE)/recurrent VTE (rVTE) and control were identified. Then, pathway enrichment analysis of DEGs were performed, followed by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Janet D Pierce, Diane E Mahoney, John B Hiebert, Amanda R Thimmesch, Francisco J Diaz, Carol Smith, Qiuhua Shen, Dinesh Pal Mudaranthakam, Richard L Clancy
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF), the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the US, affects 6.6 million adults with an estimated additional 3 million people by 2030. More than 50% of HF patients have heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF). These patients have impaired cardiac muscle relaxation and diastolic filling, which investigators have associated with cellular energetic impairment. Patients with HFpEF experience symptoms of: (1) fatigue; (2) shortness of breath; and (3) swelling (edema) of the lower extremities...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Wolfgang Buckel, Rudolf K Thauer
Flavin-based electron bifurcation is a newly discovered mechanism, by which a hydride electron pair from NAD(P)H, coenzyme F420 H2 , H2 , or formate is split by flavoproteins into one-electron with a more negative reduction potential and one with a more positive reduction potential than that of the electron pair. Via this mechanism microorganisms generate low- potential electrons for the reduction of ferredoxins (Fd) and flavodoxins (Fld). The first example was described in 2008 when it was found that the butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase-electron-transferring flavoprotein complex (Bcd-EtfAB) of Clostridium kluyveri couples the endergonic reduction of ferredoxin (E0 ' = -420 mV) with NADH (-320 mV) to the exergonic reduction of crotonyl-CoA to butyryl-CoA (-10 mV) with NADH...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
André Campaniço, Rui Moreira, Francisca Lopes
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem worldwide. The infectious agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has a unique ability to survive within the host, alternating between active and latent disease states, and escaping the immune system defences. The extended duration of anti-TB regimens and the increasing prevalence of multidrug- (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) M. tuberculosis strains have created an urgent need for new antibiotics active against drug-resistant organisms and that can shorten standard therapy...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Aurel Popa-Wagner, Raluca E Sandu, Coman Cristin, Adriana Uzoni, Kevin A Welle, Jennifer R Hryhorenko, Sina Ghaemmaghami
Brain structures differ in the magnitude of age-related neuron loss with the cerebellum being more affected. An underlying cause could be an age-related decline in mitochondrial bioenergetics. Successful aging of mitochondria reflects a balanced turnover of proteins involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and mitophagy. Thus, an imbalance in mitochondrial turnover can contribute to the diminution of cellular function seen during aging. Mitochondrial biogenesis and mitophagy are mediated by a set of proteins including MFN1, MFN2, OPA1, DRP1, FIS1 as well as DMN1l and DNM1, all of which are required for mitochondrial fission...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Aicha Melouane, Antoine Carbonell, Mayumi Yoshioka, Jack Puymirat, Jonny St-Amand
Secreted protein, acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is differentially associated with cell proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) assembly. We show here the effect of exogenous SPARC inhibition/induction on ECM and mitochondrial proteins expression and on the differentiation of C2C12 cells. The cells were cultured in growth medium (GM) supplemented with different experimental conditions. The differentiation of myoblasts was studied for 5 days, the expressions of ECM and mitochondrial proteins were measured and the formation of the myotubes was quantified after exogenous induction/inhibition of SPARC...
2018: PloS One
Rashmi Seneviratne, Sanobar Khan, Ellen Moscrop, Michael Rappolt, Stephen P Muench, Lars J C Jeuken, Paul A Beales
Hybrid vesicles composed of lipids and block copolymers hold promise for increasing liposome stability and providing a stable environment for membrane proteins. Recently we reported the successful functional reconstitution of the integral membrane protein cytochrome bo3 (ubiquinol oxidase) into hybrid vesicles composed of a blend of phospholipids and a block copolymer (PBd-PEO). We demonstrated that these novel membrane environments stabilise the enzymes' activity, prolonging their functional lifetime [Chem...
February 2, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Janet D Pierce, Raeesa Gupte, Amanda Thimmesch, Qiuhua Shen, John B Hiebert, William M Brooks, Richard L Clancy, Francisco J Diaz, Janna L Harris
Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), there is significant secondary damage to cerebral tissue from increased free radicals and impaired mitochondrial function. This imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the effectiveness of cellular antioxidant defenses is termed oxidative stress. Often there are insufficient antioxidants to scavenge ROS, leading to alterations in cerebral structure and function. Attenuating oxidative stress following a TBI by administering an antioxidant may decrease secondary brain injury, and currently many drugs and supplements are being investigated...
June 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Edina H Avdović, Dejan Milenković, Jasmina M Dimitrić Marković, Jelena Đorović, Nenad Vuković, Milena D Vukić, Verica V Jevtić, Srećko R Trifunović, Ivan Potočňák, Zoran Marković
The experimental and theoretical investigations of structure of the 3-(1-(phenylamino)ethylidene)-chroman-2,4-dione were performed. X-ray structure analysis and spectroscopic methods (FTIR and FT-Raman, 1 H and 13 C NMR), along with the density functional theory calculations (B3LYP functional with empirical dispersion corrections D3BJ in combination with the 6-311 + G(d,p) basis set), were used in order to characterize the molecular structure and spectroscopic behavior of the investigated coumarin derivative...
April 15, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Takayuki Takahashi, Yukitoshi Mine, Tadashi Okamoto
Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is an essential factor of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. CoQ homologues with different lengths of the isoprenoid side chain are widely distributed in nature, but little is known about the relationship between the isoprenoid side chain length and biological function; therefore, we examined the effects of CoQ homologues on HeLa cells. When CoQ homologues with a shorter isoprenoid side chain than CoQ4 were added to HeLa cells, they induced cell death, and the order of cytotoxic intensity was as follows: CoQ0 ≫ CoQ3 ≈ CoQ1 > CoQ2 ≫ CoQ4...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
Kay D Beharry, Charles L Cai, Michael M Henry, Sara Chowdhury, Gloria B Valencia, Jacob V Aranda
Neonatal intermittent hypoxia (IH) increases the risk for many morbidities in extremely low birth weight/gestational age (ELBW/ELGA) neonates with compromised antioxidant systems and poor growth. We hypothesized that supplementation with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10, ubiquinol) or n -3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) during neonatal IH improves antioxidant profiles and somatic growth in neonatal rats. Newborn rats were exposed to two IH paradigms at birth (P0): (1) 50% O₂ with brief hypoxic episodes (12% O₂); or (2) room air (RA) with brief hypoxia, until P14 during which they received daily oral CoQ10 in olive oil, n -3 PUFAs in fish oil, or olive oil only from P0 to P14...
December 16, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Martina Lardi, Yilei Liu, Gabriela Purtschert, Samanta Bolzan de Campos, Gabriella Pessi
Paraburkholderia phymatum belongs to the β-subclass of proteobacteria. It has recently been shown to be able to nodulate and fix nitrogen in symbiosis with several mimosoid and papilionoid legumes. In contrast to the symbiosis of legumes with α-proteobacteria, very little is known about the molecular determinants underlying the successful establishment of this mutualistic relationship with β-proteobacteria. In this study, we performed an RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis of free-living P. phymatum growing under nitrogen-replete and -limited conditions, the latter partially mimicking the situation in nitrogen-deprived soils...
December 15, 2017: Genes
Jennifer Selinski, Andreas Hartmann, Gabriele Deckers-Hebestreit, David A Day, James Whelan, Renate Scheibe
The cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase (AOX) is a non-proton-pumping ubiquinol oxidase that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water and is posttranslationally regulated by redox mechanisms and 2-oxo acids. Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) possesses five AOX isoforms (AOX1A-AOX1D and AOX2). AOX1D expression is increased in aox1a knockout mutants from Arabidopsis (especially after restriction of the cytochrome c pathway) but cannot compensate for the lack of AOX1A, suggesting a difference in the regulation of these isoforms...
February 2018: Plant Physiology
Dheeraj Kumar Singh, Jitendra Kumar, Vijay Kumar Sharma, Satish Kumar Verma, Arti Singh, Puja Kumari, Ravindra Nath Kharwar
AIM: Extracellular synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using aqueous cell-free filtrate (CFF) of endophytic Chaetomium globosum and characterization of its bioactive proteins. METHODS: Temperature and pH gradients were used to assess their effects on dimensions of NPs. NPs were tested in vivo for antibacterial activity. MALDI-TOF-MS/MS was used for characterization of CFF proteins. RESULTS: Fungal CFF fabricated nanoparticles of various shape under varied physicochemical conditions...
January 2018: Nanomedicine
Samuel F H Barnett, Andrew Hitchcock, Amit K Mandal, Cvetelin Vasilev, Jonathan M Yuen, James Morby, Amanda A Brindley, Dariusz M Niedzwiedzki, Donald A Bryant, Ashley J Cadby, Dewey Holten, C Neil Hunter
Techniques such as Stochastic Optical Reconstruction Microscopy (STORM) and Structured Illumination Microscopy (SIM) have increased the achievable resolution of optical imaging, but few fluorescent proteins are suitable for super-resolution microscopy, particularly in the far-red and near-infrared emission range. Here we demonstrate the applicability of CpcA, a subunit of the photosynthetic antenna complex in cyanobacteria, for STORM and SIM imaging. The periodicity and width of fabricated nanoarrays of CpcA, with a covalently attached phycoerythrobilin (PEB) or phycocyanobilin (PCB) chromophore, matched the lines in reconstructed STORM images...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"