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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784299/effect-of-food-additives-on-egg-yolk-gelation-induced-by-freezing
#1
Monica Primacella, Tao Fei, Nuria Acevedo, Tong Wang
This study demonstrates technological advances in preventing yolk gelation during freezing and thawing. Gelation negatively affects yolk functionality in food formulation. Preventing gelation using 10% salt or sugar limits the application of the yolk. Novel food additives were tested to prevent gelation induced by freezing. Significant reduction (p < 0.05) in gel hardness of frozen-thawed yolk (45 h freezing at -20 °C) indicates that hydrolyzed carboxymethyl cellulose (HCMC), proline, and hydrolyzed egg white and yolk (HEW and HEY) are effective gelation inhibitors...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777623/complement-factor-h-as-a-potential-atherogenic-marker-in-chronic-chagas-disease
#2
Kárita Cláudia Freitas Lidani, Thaisa Lucas Sandri, Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Lorena Bavia, Renato Nisihara, Iara J Messias Reason
AIMS: We aimed to investigate the association between plasma levels of complement Factor H (FH) with cardiac involvement, inflammatory and cardiometabolic parameters in patients with chronic Chagas disease (CD). METHODS: FH plasmatic levels were determined in 80 chronic CD patients. Glycemic index, lipidogram (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C, triglycerides and total cholesterol), and Ultrasensitive C-Reactive Protein (uCRP) values were obtained from medical records...
May 19, 2018: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777621/serum-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-is-a-protective-predictor-of-executive-function-in-older-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Yue Sun, Jenny Lee, Ronald C Ma, Timothy Kwok
INTRODUCTION: Older people with diabetes mellitus (DM) are at high risk for cognitive impairment or dementia. The clinical predictors for cognitive decline in older people with DM were elucidated. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a vitamin B12 intervention trial in older people with DM. 271 non-demented subjects were followed up at nine months interval for 27 months. We explored the association between baseline clinical features with changes in cognitive measures (clinical dementia rating scale, neuropsychological test battery including executive function z scores, psychomotor speed z scores and memory z scores)...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777236/does-cardiorespiratory-fitness-moderate-the-prospective-association-between-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-children
#4
Turid Skrede, Eivind Aadland, Lars Bo Andersen, Mette Stavnsbo, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen, Geir Kåre Resaland, Ulf Ekelund
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are independently associated with reduced cardiometabolic risk in children, and may affect risk through different pathways. This study aims to examine if CRF moderate the prospective association between PA, sedentary time, and cardiometabolic outcomes in 10-year-old children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In total, 718 children of 1129 (drop out n = 7) had valid measures of PA (accelerometry), CRF (the Andersen running test), and a cardiometabolic risk profile measured at baseline and follow-up 7 months later...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776682/the-impact-of-apolipoprotein-e-alleles-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Anna Pierzchlińska, Monika Białecka, Mateusz Kurzawski, Jarosław Sławek
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a vital component of several lipoproteins and plays a major role in lipid metabolism. APOE gene comprises of three alleles determined by two single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs429358 and rs7412) resulting in the protein isoforms, among which ApoE4 is a confirmed risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease. However, the impact of APOE genotypes on Parkinson's Disease Dementia (PDD) is still inconclusive. The PDD diagnostic criteria are very inconsistent, and could be complemented with genetic factors...
May 5, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775127/glycemic-control-and-its-associated-factors-among-diabetes-mellitus-patients-at-ayder-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-mekelle-ethiopia
#6
Seifu Mideksa, Sintayehu Ambachew, Belete Biadgo, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes
Diabetes is one of the largest health emergencies of the twenty-first century and it is increasing with alarming rate throughout the world. Glycemic Control in diabetes patients is an important issue in minimizing diabetes related complications and deaths. Institution based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2017. Glycated Hemoglobin A1c and biochemical profiles were determined using Huma Meter A1c and ABX PENTRA 400 clinical chemistry analyzer. Independent t-test to compare groups, bivariate and multi variable logistic regression analysis were used...
May 18, 2018: Adipocyte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772373/a-novel-c-type-lectin-from-the-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus-ajctl-2-with-preferential-binding-of-d-galactose
#7
Hui Wang, Zhuang Xue, Zhaoqun Liu, Weilin Wang, Feifei Wang, Ying Wang, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
C-type lectins (CTLs) are Ca2+ dependent carbohydrate-binding proteins that share structural homology in their carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs). In the present study, a novel CTL was identified from sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (named as AjCTL-2). The deduced amino acid sequence of AjCTL-2 was homologous to CTLs from other animals with the identities ranging from 33% to 40%. It contained a canonical signal peptide at the N-terminus, a low density lipoprotein receptor class A (LDLa), a C1r/C1s/Uegf/bone morphogenetic protein 1 (CUB), and a CRD with two motif Glu-Pro-Asn (EPN) and Trp-Asn-Asp (WND) in Ca2+ binding site 2...
May 14, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769764/association-of-pentraxin-and-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-as-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-and-peripheral-arterial-disease
#8
Ramanarayana Boyapati, Srikanth Chinthalapani, Arpita Ramisetti, Shyam Sunder Salavadhi, Radhika Ramachandran
Context: Inflammation is a common feature of both peripheral artery disease (PAD) and periodontal disease. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between PAD and periodontal disease by examining the levels of inflammatory cytokines, pentraxin-3 (PTX-3), and high-sensitive C-reactive protein from serum. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 patients were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients were divided into two groups: those with PAD (test group) and those with the non-PAD group (control group) based on ankle-brachial index values...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769483/association-between-serum-apolipoprotein-b-and-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#9
M S Islam, M J Uddin, M Bhattacharjee, M N Farzana, R K Talukder, M A Rahman, M Mohsin, M A Rouf, H Pandit, M R Karim, R Ara, S Akhter, G Saha, M Oliullah, M S Ali, R Parveen
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in developed as well as developing countries like Bangladesh. There is a crucial need to identify additional risk factors that are easily measurable and treatable in general population. Role of serum lipids, lipoproteins and lipoprotein related variables in the prediction of stroke is less clear. Abnormalities in plasma lipoproteins are the most firmly established and best understood risk factors for atherosclerosis and they are probable risk factors for ischaemic stroke, largely by their link to atherosclerosis...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765924/the-effect-of-short-term-treatment-with-fennel-on-lipid-profile-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Maliheh Afiat, Elham Amini, Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Bahareh Nouri, Mahsa Sadat Mousavi, Masoudeh Babakhanian, Hassan Rakhshandeh
Objectives: The present trial aimed to assess the effects of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) on lipid profiles. Methods: In this double blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial, sixty eligible postmenopausal women were randomly assigned into the fennel and placebo groups. Total blood cholesterol, cholesterol fractions, and triglycerides were tested at the baseline, and after three-month follow-up. Results: There was no significant difference in triglyceride ( P = 0...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760917/factors-associated-with-glycemic-status-and-ability-to-adapt-to-changing-demands-in-people-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Bertha Cecilia Salazar-González, Esther C Gallegos-Cabriales, Alicia Rivera-Castillo, Arnulfo González-Cantú, Marco Vinicio Gómez-Meza, Jesús Zacarías Villarreal-Pérez
Objectives: Type 2 diabetes mellitus studies focus on metabolic indicators and different self-reported lifestyle or care behaviors. Self-reported instruments involve conscious process therefore responses might not reflect reality. Meanwhile implicit responses involve automatic, unconscious processes underlying social judgments and behavior. No studies have explored the combined influence of both metabolic indicators and implicit responses on lifestyle practices in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760220/quantifying-atherogenic-lipoproteins-current-and-future-challenges-in-the-era-of-personalized-medicine-and-vldl-cholesterol-a-consensus-statement-from-eas-and-eflm
#12
Michel R Langlois, M John Chapman, Christa Cobbaert, Samia Mora, Alan T Remaley, Emilio Ros, Gerald F Watts, Jan Borén, Hannsjörg Baum, Eric Bruckert, Alberico Catapano, Olivier S Descamps, Arnold von Eckardstein, Pia R Kamstrup, Genovefa Kolovou, Florian Kronenberg, Anne Langsted, Kari Pulkki, Nader Rifai, Grazyna Sypniewska, Olov Wiklund, B Rge G Nordestgaard
BACKGROUND: The European Atherosclerosis Society-European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine Consensus Panel aims to provide recommendations to optimize atherogenic lipoprotein quantification for cardiovascular risk management. CONTENT: We critically examined LDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B (apoB), and LDL particle number assays based on key criteria for medical application of biomarkers. ( a ) Analytical performance: Discordant LDL cholesterol quantification occurs when LDL cholesterol is measured or calculated with different assays, especially in patients with hypertriglyceridemia >175 mg/dL (2 mmol/L) and low LDL cholesterol concentrations <70 mg/dL (1...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759909/the-predictive-value-of-arteriogenic-erectile-dysfunction-for-coronary-artery-disease-in-men
#13
Sherif Salah Azab, Hossam El Din Hosni, Taha A El Far, Nashaat Nabil Ismail, Yasser K El Bakdady, Ahmed F Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is assumed to be connected with vascular disease caused by endothelial dysfunction, and characterized by the incapability of the smooth muscle cells lining the arterioles to relax, therefore, inhibit vasodilatation. AIM: To assess the predictive value of arteriogenic ED for coronary artery disease in men above the age of 40 years. METHODS: 75 Patients reporting arteriogenic ED and 25 men with normal erectile function were enrolled in the study...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759851/the-role-of-adiposity-in-the-association-between-muscular-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease
#14
Alejandro Pérez-Bey, Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Jorge Del Rosario Fernández-Santos, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Oscar L Veiga, Ascensión Marcos, José Castro-Piñero
OBJECTIVES: To test the associations of muscular fitness and body mass index (BMI), individually and combined, with clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents and to analyze the mediator role of BMI in the association between muscular fitness and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 239 children (113 girls) and 270 adolescents (128 girls) participated in this cross-sectional study. Height and weight were assessed, and BMI was calculated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756523/the-effect-of-health-education-by-pharmacists-on-10-year-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-cluster-randomized-control-study-in-a-low-socioeconomic-status-javanese-population
#15
Rita Suhadi, Dita Maria Virginia, Christianus Heru Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Evidence from previous studies demonstrates that lifestyle modification reduces the incidence and complications of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The study aimed to investigate the effect of a lifestyle intervention provided by pharmacists on the 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk and quality of life (QoL) in a low socioeconomic status Javanese population. METHODS: This research was a cluster-randomized controlled study of 1-year duration, conducted in a lower social economic community in the Sleman District of Yogyakarta, Indonesia...
January 2018: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754909/serum-pcsk9-levels-predict-the-occurrence-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-patients-with-severe-carotid-artery-stenosis
#16
Luca Liberale, Federico Carbone, Maria Bertolotto, Aldo Bonaventura, Alessandra Vecchié, François Mach, Fabienne Burger, Aldo Pende, Giovanni Spinella, Bianca Pane, Giovanni G Camici, Domenico Palombo, Franco Dallegri, Fabrizio Montecucco
BACKGROUND: The pharmacological inhibition of Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has shown to dramatically impact on low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and associated cardiovascular (CV) diseases. However, the potential use of PCSK9 serum levels as a CV risk biomarker remains to be clarified. METHODS: 189 patients with severe carotid artery atherosclerosis undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and whose clinical records and serum sample aliquots for PCSK9 level measurement were available both directly before CEA and at 24-month follow-up were included in the present pilot study...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754570/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-child-population-the-health-oriented-pedagogical-project-hopp
#17
Wei Hai Deng, Morten Lindberg, Ole Petter Hjelle, Asgeir Mamen, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: The main aim of the present study was to investigate the clustering of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome in a large, healthy representative Norwegian child population. METHODS: From a population of 2817, parents of 2297 children agreed to participate. Values of waist circumference (WC), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), systolic blood pressure (sysBP), haemoglobin-A1c (HbA1c) and Andersen aerobic fitness test were used to test clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors in this sample...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747917/elective-coronary-revascularization-procedures-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-incidence-determinants-and-outcome-from-the-coronor-study
#18
Martial Hamon, Gilles Lemesle, Thibaud Meurice, Olivier Tricot, Nicolas Lamblin, Christophe Bauters
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to describe the incidence, determinants, and outcome of elective coronary revascularization (ECR) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Observational data are lacking regarding the practice of ECR in patients with stable CAD receiving modern secondary prevention. METHODS: The authors analyzed coronary revascularization procedures performed during a 5-year follow-up in 4,094 stable CAD outpatients included in the prospective multicenter CORONOR (Suivi d'une cohorte de patients COROnariens stables en région NORd-Pas-de-Calais) registry...
May 14, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747697/low-lpa-gene-kringle-iv-2-repeat-copy-number-association-with-elevated-lipoprotein-a-concentration-as-an-independent-risk-factor-of-coronary-atherosclerotic-heart-disease-in-the-chinese-han-population
#19
Lishan Sun, Ming Zong, Cuncun Chen, Lihong Xie, Fei Wu, Ming Yu, Lieying Fan
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], which is genetically determined by the LPA gene kringle IV type 2 (KIV-2) repeat copy number, has previously been reported in different populations. However, it is uncertain if the same occurs in the Chinese Han population. This study explored the correlation of Lp(a) mass or particle concentration with KIV-2 repeat copy number and application for coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CAHD) risk assessment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 884 subjects was conducted...
May 10, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747696/oxidative-modifications-of-foetal-ldl-c-and-hdl-c-lipoproteins-in-preeclampsia
#20
G León-Reyes, S Espino Y Sosa, R Medina-Navarro, A M Guzmán-Grenfell, A X Medina-Urrutia, S Fuentes-García, G J J Hicks, Y D Torres-Ramos
BACKGROUND: Oxidative modifications have been observed in lipids and proteins in lipoproteins isolated from women with preeclampsia. Thus, newborns could also be susceptible to this damage directly through their mothers. In this study, we evaluated the oxidative profile of LDL-c and HDL-c lipoproteins isolated from the umbilical cord from newborns born to women with preeclampsia. METHODS: Thirty newborns born to women with preeclampsia and thirty newborns born to women with healthy pregnancies were included...
May 10, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
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