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Lipid Recommendations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673826/lifestyle-interventions-for-improving-health-and-health-behaviours-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-2011-2017
#1
REVIEW
Charrlotte Seib, Joy Parkinson, Nicole McDonald, Haruka Fujihira, Stephanie Zietek, Debra Anderson
The development and maintenance of healthy lifestyle behaviours are among the most promising strategies for reducing complications and premature death among women living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, despite the potential benefits of these interventions, they have had varying success and the sustained uptake of the recommended lifestyle modifications is limited. This paper reviews research on the impact of lifestyle interventions aimed at improving health and health behaviours in women with T2DM...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672133/meat-eggs-full-fat-dairy-and-nutritional-boogeymen-does-the-way-in-which-animals-are-raised-affect-health-differently-in-humans
#2
Christopher P Haskins, George Henderson, Colin E Champ
BACKGROUND:  Food recommendations to improve cancer prevention are generally based on epidemiologic data and remain inconsistent. These epidemiologic studies, while controversial, have generally produced results that caution against the consumption of high-fat foods, including eggs, red meat, and full-fat dairy, such as butter and cheese. Yet, limited data exist assessing the quality of individual sources of these foods and the effect each has after its consumption. This study set out to assess the impact sources of food within the same groups from animals raised differently on variables associated with health in human studies...
April 19, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670048/dietary-fiber-intake-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-among-young-south-african-adults
#3
Machoene D Sekgala, Zandile J Mchiza, Whadi-Ah Parker, Kotsedi D Monyeki
This study attempts to bridge the research gap regarding the importance of dietary fiber in reducing metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors in young rural South Africans. A total of 627 individuals (309 males and 318 females) aged 18–30 years participated in the study. Dietary intake was measured using a validated 24-h recall method. The consumption of different types of dietary fiber (total, soluble, and insoluble) was calculated and presented as grams. Anthropometrics, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and lipid profiles were measured according to standard protocols...
April 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664424/lipid-profile-and-atherogenic-indices-and-their-association-with-platelet-indices-in-familial-mediterranean-fever
#4
Gökhan Çakırca, Muhammet Murat Çelik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate lipid profiles and atherogenic indices and their association with platelet indices in Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) patients. METHODS: A total of 63 FMF patients and 51 healthy individuals were included in this retrospective study. Inflammatory marker values (erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], C-reactive protein [CRP] and fibrinogen), platelet indices (mean platelet volume, plateletcrit value, platelet large cell ratio, and platelet distribution width), lipid profiles (levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein [HDL] cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) were recorded...
April 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661561/clinically-actionable-hypercholesterolemia-and-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#5
Kathryn E Harlow, Jonathan A Africa, Alan Wells, Patricia H Belt, Cynthia A Behling, Ajay K Jain, Jean P Molleston, Kimberly P Newton, Philip Rosenthal, Miriam B Vos, Stavra A Xanthakos, Joel E Lavine, Jeffrey B Schwimmer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in whom intervention for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglycerides was indicated based on National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter, longitudinal cohort study included children with NAFLD enrolled in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical Research Network...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660800/physicochemical-quality-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-analysis-of-nellore-steers-meat-fed-with-inclusion-of-condensed-tannin-in-the-diet
#6
Susana M Gesteira, Ronaldo L Oliveira, Thadeu M Silva, Rebeca D X Ribeiro, Cláudio V D M Ribeiro, Elzania S Pereira, Dante P D Lanna, Luis F B Pinto, Tiago C Rocha, Jusaline F Vieira, Leilson R Bezerra
This study was conducted to test the effect of dietary tannin on the fatty acid profile and sensory attributes of meat from Nellore steers. Thirty-two Nellore bull male were distributed in a completely randomized design and fed diets with condensed tannin extract as follows: 0, 10, 30, and 50 g/kg total DM basis. The physicochemical composition of the meat, lipid oxidation, fatty acid profile, flavor, tenderness, and overall acceptance were evaluated. There was a linear decrease (P ≤ 0.05) on lipid content, tenderness, cooking weight loss, myristic, palmitic, and oleic acids in meat as tannin increased in the diets...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659865/effects-of-a-multi-element-trace-mineral-injection-and-vitamin-e-supplementation-on-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-color-stability-of-strip-steaks-from-feedlot-heifers
#7
B N Harsh, A C Dilger, D D Boler, D W Shike
The objective was to evaluate the interaction of a trace mineral (TM) injection (Multimin 90) and a supranutritional concentration of dietary vitamin E (VITE) on performance, carcass characteristics and color stability of strip steaks from feedlot heifers. Prior to trial initiation, Angus × Simmental cross heifers (N = 48) were managed on a common diet supplemented to meet NRC recommendations (NRC, 2000). Heifers were stratified by BW and allotted to a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement: 1) no supplemental vitamin E and saline injection (CONT+SAL), 2) 1000 IU vitamin E/heifer·d-1 and saline injection (VITE+SAL), 3) no supplemental vitamin E and TM injection (CONT+MM), or 4) vitamin E and TM injection (VITE+MM)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657077/reprint-of-marine-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Trevor A Mori
Omega-6 (ω6) and omega-3 (ω3) fatty acids are two classes of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from linoleic acid (18:2ω6) and α-linolenic acid (18:3ω3), respectively. Enzymatic metabolism of linoleic and α-linolenic acids generates arachidonic acid (20:4ω6) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5ω3; EPA), respectively, both of which are substrates for enzymes that yield eicosanoids with multiple and varying physiological functions. Further elongation and desaturation of EPA yields the 22-carbon fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (22:6ω3; DHA)...
April 12, 2018: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656165/effect-of-elevated-ozone-and-varying-levels-of-soil-nitrogen-in-two-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-cultivars-growth-gas-exchange-antioxidant-status-grain-yield-and-quality
#9
Ashutosh K Pandey, Annesha Ghosh, Madhoolika Agrawal, S B Agrawal
Tropospheric ozone (O3 ) is a phytotoxic air pollutant causing a substantial damage to plants and agriculture worldwide. Plant productivity is affected by several environmental factors, which interact with each other. Studies related to interactions involving O3 and different levels of nitrogen (N) are still rare and elusive. In the present study we grew two wheat cultivars (HD2967 and Sonalika) in open top chambers (OTC) under ambient (AO) and elevated O3 (EO) (ambient + 20 ppb O3 ) and provided two levels of N fertilization; (a) recommended nitrogen (RN), (b) 1...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625769/correlation-between-body-mass-index-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-indexes-a-retrospective-study
#10
Domenico Ciavarella, Michele Tepedino, Claudio Chimenti, Giuseppe Troiano, Manuela Mazzotta, Maria Pia Foschino Barbaro, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Michele Cassano
PURPOSE: To evaluate if Body Mass Index (BMI) is correlated to Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI), mean arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2 ) and Nadir SaO2 , which are all indexes defining the severity of the respiratory stress associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five adult patients (mean age 51.4) referred for polysomnography were retrospectively recruited. BMI was calculated for each patient, as well as AHI, SaO2 , and Nadir SaO2 recorded during polysomnography...
March 27, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625568/consensus-clinical-management-guidelines-for-niemann-pick-disease-type-c
#11
REVIEW
Tarekegn Geberhiwot, Alessandro Moro, Andrea Dardis, Uma Ramaswami, Sandra Sirrs, Mercedes Pineda Marfa, Marie T Vanier, Mark Walterfang, Shaun Bolton, Charlotte Dawson, Bénédicte Héron, Miriam Stampfer, Jackie Imrie, Christian Hendriksz, Paul Gissen, Ellen Crushell, Maria J Coll, Yann Nadjar, Hans Klünemann, Eugen Mengel, Martin Hrebicek, Simon A Jones, Daniel Ory, Bruno Bembi, Marc Patterson
Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) is a progressive and life limiting autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in either the NPC1 or NPC2 gene. Mutations in these genes are associated with abnormal endosomal-lysosomal trafficking, resulting in the accumulation of multiple tissue specific lipids in the lysosomes. The clinical spectrum of NPC disease ranges from a neonatal rapidly progressive fatal disorder to an adult-onset chronic neurodegenerative disease. The age of onset of the first (beyond 3 months of life) neurological symptom may predict the severity of the disease and determines life expectancy...
April 6, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623830/the-effects-of-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-on-lipid-profiles-among-patients-with-metabolic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Nasrin Sharifi, Reza Tabrizi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Kamran B Lankarani, Maryam Akbari, Maryam Chamani, Fariba Kolahdooz, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress and inflammation are key parameters in developing metabolic disorders. Hence, antioxidant intake might be an appropriate approach. Several studies have evaluated the effect of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on lipid profile among patients with metabolic diseases, though findings are controversial. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on lipid profile in patients with metabolic disorders...
April 5, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622823/fasting-plasma-glucose-and-lipid-profiles-of-diabetic-patients-improve-with-aerobic-exercise-training
#13
Benjamin Asuako, Monday O Moses, Benjamin A Eghan, Peter A Sarpong
Objective: This study presents the effects of aerobic exercise training on fasting plasma glucose and lipid profiles (FPG/LP) of diabetic patients in Kumasi. Design: A randomised experimental with control design. Setting: The study was conducted at the diabetic unit of KATH in Kumasi, Ghana. Participants: Twelve diabetic patients [grouped into intervention (IG) and control (CG)] attending the diabetic unit of KATH with diabetes diagnosis durations less than fifty years, ambulant status/age of 20-68years, sedentary and free from complications...
September 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622521/availability-and-characteristics-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-in-one-brazilian-state-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Thaianne Cavalcante Sérvio, Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Lilian Pinto da Silva, Luciana Duarte Novais Silva, Marcia Maria Oliveira Lima, Danielle Aparecida Gomes Pereira, Sherry L Grace, Raquel Rodrigues Britto
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a recommended model of care for cardiovascular diseases; however, is not widely available and is underutilized, especially in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To identify the CR programs available in one Brazilian state (Minas Gerais; MG) and describe their characteristics by funding type. METHODS: In this multi-center descriptive study, CR programs were identified in four MG regions and 41 CR coordinators were sent a survey to report the characteristics of their programs, including CR components described in guidelines and barriers to patients' participation...
March 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618598/routine-assessment-and-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-healthcare-settings-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#15
REVIEW
Felipe Lobelo, Deborah Rohm Young, Robert Sallis, Michael D Garber, Sandra A Billinger, John Duperly, Adrian Hutber, Russell R Pate, Randal J Thomas, Michael E Widlansky, Michael V McConnell, Elizabeth A Joy
Physical inactivity is one of the most prevalent major health risk factors, with 8 in 10 US adults not meeting aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines, and is associated with a high burden of cardiovascular disease. Improving and maintaining recommended levels of physical activity leads to reductions in metabolic, hemodynamic, functional, body composition, and epigenetic risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Physical activity also has a significant role, in many cases comparable or superior to drug interventions, in the prevention and management of >40 conditions such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, depression, Alzheimer disease, and arthritis...
April 4, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609754/proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-9-inhibitors
#16
REVIEW
Angela Pirillo, Alberico Luigi Catapano
High levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) are directly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Reducing LDL-C levels reduces the incidence of cardiovascular events. Several lipid-lowering approaches are available to achieve the LDL-C levels recommended by current guidelines, statins being the first-line therapy. However, many patients cannot achieve the recommended LDL-C levels with current therapies. The discovery of the role of proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) in the regulation of plasma LDL-C levels suggested it as a potential pharmacologic target and led to the development of PCSK9 inhibitors for the management of LDL-C levels...
May 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606363/number-of-patients-eligible-for-pcsk9-inhibitors-based-on-real-world-data-from-2-5-million-patients
#17
Alberto Zamora, Luís Masana, Marc Comas-Cufi, Núria Plana, Àlex Vila, Maria García-Gil, Lia Alves-Cabratosa, Roberto Elosua, Jaume Marrugat, Rafel Ramos
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: PCSK9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) are safe and effective lipid-lowering drugs. Their main limitation is their high cost. The aim of this study was to estimate the number of patients eligible for treatment with PCSK9i according to distinct published criteria. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Information System for the Development of Research in Primary Care. Included patients were equal to or older than 18 years and had at least 1 low-density lipoprotein cholesterol measurement recorded between 2006 and 2014 (n = 2 500 907)...
March 29, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605080/statin-eligibility-in-primary-prevention-from-a-risk-based-strategy-to-a-personalized-approach-based-on-the-predicted-benefit
#18
Fernando H Y Cesena, Antonio G Laurinavicius, Viviane A Valente, Raquel D Conceição, Khurram Nasir, Raul D Santos, Marcio S Bittencourt
Guidelines have recommended statin initiation based on the absolute cardiovascular risk. We tested the hypothesis that a strategy based on the predicted cardiovascular benefit, compared with the risk-based approach, modifies statin eligibility and the estimated benefit in a population in primary cardiovascular prevention. The study included 16,008 subjects (48 ± 6 years, 73% men) with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of 70 to <190 mg/dl, not on lipid-lowering drugs, who underwent a routine health screening in a single center...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594107/effects-of-enteral-immunonutrition-in-esophageal-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Kenji Mimatsu, Nobutada Fukino, Yasuo Ogasawara, Yoko Saino, Takatsugu Oida
Background: Immunonutrition (IN) significantly reduces the incidence of postoperative infectious complications and the length of hospitalization in patients undergoing major elective surgery for gastrointestinal malignances. However, the clinical benefit of IN in patients who have undergone esophagectomy for esophageal cancer is unclear. Moreover, the effect of enteral IN in patients during preoperative adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and in patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy for advanced esophageal cancer is unknown...
February 2018: Gastrointestinal Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582416/body-fat-reduction-without-cardiovascular-alteration-in-mice-under-oral-treatment-by-the-mao-inhibitor-phenelzine
#20
Christian Carpéné, Josep Mercader, Sophie Le Gonidec, Stéphane Schaak, Jeanne Mialet-Perez, Alexia Zakaroff-Girard, Jean Galitzky
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Phenelzine is an antidepressant drug increasing the risk of hypertensive crisis when dietary tyramine is not restricted. However, this monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor is known to inhibit other enzymes not limited to the nervous system. We studied whether its antiadipogenic and antilipogenic effects in cultured adipocytes could contribute to a mitigation of fattening without unwanted hypertensive or cardiovascular effects. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Mice were fed a standard chow and subjected to a 0...
March 26, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
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