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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691170/outcomes-of-articulating-spacers-with-autoclaved-femoral-components-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-infection
#1
Daniel E Goltz, E Grant Sutter, Michael P Bolognesi, Samuel S Wellman
BACKGROUND: In 2-stage revision of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) infection, articulating antibiotic spacers show similar eradication rates and superior range of motion compared with static spacers. This study evaluated infection control and other outcomes in articulating spacers with an autoclaved index femoral component. METHODS: We reviewed 59 patients who underwent 2-stage treatment of TKA infection using articulating antibiotic spacers with an autoclaved femoral component with at least 2-year follow-up (mean: 5...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670057/towards-improved-linkage-of-disaster-risk-reduction-and-climate-change-adaptation-in-health-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Nicola Banwell, Shannon Rutherford, Brendan Mackey, Cordia Chu
Climate change and climate-sensitive disasters significantly impact health. Linking Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) is essential for addressing these ever present, complex and increasing risks. Recent calls have been made to build these links in health. However, there is a need to clearly articulate why linking DRR and CCA is important in health. Furthermore, little is known about how DRR and CCA should be linked in health. By extensively examining relevant literature, this review presents the current state of knowledge of linking DRR and CCA in health...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668210/care-coordination-for-children-with-special-needs-in-medicaid-lessons-from-medicare
#3
Kate A Stewart, Katharine W V Bradley, Joseph S Zickafoose, Rachel Hildrich, Henry T Ireys, Randall S Brown
OBJECTIVES: To provide actionable recommendations for improving care coordination programs for children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) in Medicaid managed care. STUDY DESIGN:  Literature review and interviews with stakeholders and policy experts to adapt lessons learned from Medicare care coordination programs for CSHCN in Medicaid managed care. METHODS: We reviewed syntheses of research on Medicare care coordination programs to identify lessons learned from successful programs...
April 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659552/improving-pharmacists-targeting-of-patients-for-medication-review-and-deprescription
#4
Vanessa Marvin, Emily Ward, Barry Jubraj, Mark Bower, Iñaki Bovill
Background: In an acute hospital setting, a multi-disciplinary approach to medication review can improve prescribing and medicine selection in patients with frailty. There is a need for a clear understanding of the roles and responsibilities of pharmacists to ensure that interventions have the greatest impact on patient care. Aim: To use a consensus building process to produce guidance for pharmacists to support the identification of patients at risk from their medicines, and to articulate expected actions and escalation processes...
April 16, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650020/understanding-community-based-participatory-research-through-a-social-movement-framework-a-case-study-of-the-kahnawake-schools-diabetes-prevention-project
#5
Marie-Claude Tremblay, Debbie H Martin, Alex M McComber, Amelia McGregor, Ann C Macaulay
BACKGROUND: A longstanding challenge of community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been to anchor evaluation and practice in a relevant theoretical framework of community change, which articulates specific and concrete evaluative benchmarks. Social movement theories provide a broad range of theoretical tools to understand and facilitate social change processes, such as those involved in CBPR. Social movement theories have the potential to provide a coherent representation of how mobilization and collective action is gradually developed and leads to systemic change in the context of CBPR...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623340/consonant-and-vowel-identification-in-cochlear-implant-users-measured-by-nonsense-words-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Arne Kirkhorn Rødvik, Janne von Koss Torkildsen, Ona Bø Wie, Marit Aarvaag Storaker, Juha Tapio Silvola
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to establish a baseline of the vowel and consonant identification scores in prelingually and postlingually deaf users of multichannel cochlear implants (CIs) tested with consonant-vowel-consonant and vowel-consonant-vowel nonsense syllables. Method: Six electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles reporting consonant and vowel identification scores in CI users measured by nonsense words...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621902/all-for-one-and-one-for-all-mental-disorders-in-one-dimension
#7
Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E Moffitt
In both child and adult psychiatry, empirical evidence has now accrued to suggest that a single dimension is able to measure a person's liability to mental disorder, comorbidity among disorders, persistence of disorders over time, and severity of symptoms. This single dimension of general psychopathology has been termed "p," because it conceptually parallels a dimension already familiar to behavioral scientists and clinicians: the "g" factor of general intelligence. As the g dimension reflects low to high mental ability, the p dimension represents low to high psychopathology severity, with thought disorder at the extreme...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614992/a-research-study-review-of-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-psychiatric-conditions-common-to-end-stage-cancer-patients-needs-assessment-for-future-research-and-an-impassioned-plea
#8
Ralph J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Rates of psychiatric conditions common to end-stage cancer patients (delirium, depression, anxiety disorders) remain unchanged. However, patient numbers have increased as the population has aged; indeed, cancer is a chief cause of mortality and morbidity in older populations. Effectiveness of psychiatric interventions and research to evaluate, inform, and improve interventions is critical to these patients' care. This article's intent is to report results from a recent review study on the effectiveness of interventions for psychiatric conditions common to end-stage cancer patients; the review study assessed the state of research regarding treatment effectiveness...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587246/effect-of-different-designs-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-gait-in-patients-with-stroke-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Aliyeh Daryabor, Mokhtar Arazpour, Gholamreza Aminian
BACKGROUND: Ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are used to improve the gait of patients with stroke. RESEARCH QUESTION: The current review aimed at evaluating the efficacy of different designs of AFOs and comparison between them on the gait parameters of individuals with hemiplegic stroke. METHODS: The search strategy was based on the population intervention comparison outcome (PICO) method. A search was performed in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Science Direct, and Google Scholar databases...
March 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574695/children-and-young-people-s-understanding-of-inherited-conditions-and-their-attitudes-towards-genetic-testing-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
B C McGill, C E Wakefield, J Vetsch, K Barlow-Stewart, N A Kasparian, A F Patenaude, M-A Young, R J Cohn, K M Tucker
Children and young people are increasingly likely to receive information regarding inherited health risks relevant to their genetic relatives and themselves. We reviewed the literature to determine what children and young people (21 years and younger) understand about inherited conditions and their attitudes towards genetic testing. We screened 1815 abstracts to identify 20 studies representing the perspectives of 1811 children and young people between the ages of 6 and 21 years (1498 children or young people at general population-level risk from 9 studies, 313 affected/at-risk from 15 studies)...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565626/the-multicultural-orientation-framework-a-narrative-review
#11
Don E Davis, Cirleen DeBlaere, Jesse Owen, Joshua N Hook, David P Rivera, Elise Choe, D R Van Tongeren, Everett L Worthington, Vanessa Placeres
After several decades of slow progress, researchers are beginning to make advances in linking constructs based on the multicultural competencies tradition-especially those focused on qualities of the therapist-to therapy outcomes. The multicultural orientation framework was developed in response to several trends within the multicultural competencies tradition, with a particular emphasis on integrating the multicultural competencies tradition into research on psychotherapy process. We provide a narrative review of studies that include one of the three constructs (i...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552972/what-makes-health-promotion-research-distinct
#12
James Woodall, Louise Warwick-Booth, Jane South, Ruth Cross
There have been concerns about the decline of health promotion as a practice and discipline and, alongside this, calls for a clearer articulation of health promotion research and what, if anything, makes it distinct. This discussion paper, based on a review of the literature, the authors' own experiences in the field, and a workshop delivered by two of the authors at the 8th Nordic Health Promotion Conference, seeks to state the reasons why health promotion research is distinctive. While by no means exhaustive, the paper suggests four distinctive features...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551879/the-neuroscience-of-goals-and-behavior-change
#13
Elliot T Berkman
The ways that people set, pursue, and eventually succeed or fail in accomplishing their goals are central issues for consulting psychology. Goals and behavior change have long been the subject of empirical investigation in psychology, and have been adopted with enthusiasm by the cognitive and social neurosciences in the last few decades. Though relatively new, neuroscientific discoveries have substantially furthered the scientific understanding of goals and behavior change. This article reviews the emerging brain science on goals and behavior change, with particular emphasis on its relevance to consulting psychology...
March 2018: Consulting Psychology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550975/the-voice-is-as-mighty-as-the-pen-integrating-conversations-into-advance-care-planning
#14
Kunal Bailoor, Leslie H Kamil, Ed Goldman, Laura M Napiewocki, Denise Winiarski, Christian J Vercler, Andrew G Shuman
Advance care planning allows patients to articulate preferences for their medical treatment, lifestyle, and surrogate decision-makers in order to anticipate and mitigate their potential loss of decision-making capacity. Written advance directives are often emphasized in this regard. While these directives contain important information, there are several barriers to consider: veracity and accuracy of surrogate decision-makers in making choices consistent with the substituted judgement standard, state-to-state variability in regulations, literacy issues, lack of access to legal resources, lack of understanding of medical options, and cultural disparities...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549407/-treatment-of-necrosis-of-the-lunate-bone
#15
REVIEW
K Kalb, J van Schoonhoven, J Windolf, T Pillukat
BACKGROUND: There still is no standard therapy that predictably results in healing of avascular necrosis of the lunate bone. Nevertheless, there exists a wide spectrum of operative treatment options for different stages. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the treatment options for necrosis of the lunate bone and proposes algorithms based on the age of the patient and condition of the lunate bone and the wrist. METHODS: Surgical treatment options for necrosis of the lunate bone can be divided into relieving or revascularization procedures and salvage procedures...
March 16, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547831/detailed-account-on-activation-mechanisms-of-ruthenium-coordination-complexes-and-their-role-as-antineoplastic-agents
#16
REVIEW
Mousumi Pal, Utpal Nandi, Debaraj Mukherjee
Ruthenium (Ru) complexes are known for their promising anticancer activity presumably due to octahedral coordination geometry, slow ligand exchange rate, the range of different oxidation states and target specificity. This review article summarizes the physicochemical processes which are responsible for the selectivity of Ru complexes toward cancer cells over the normal cells. Emphasis has been given on the activation mechanism of Ru(III) complex administered as a prodrug and then the release of active species in an acidic environment of cancer cell through normal or photo induced hydrolysis or ligand oxidation...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547810/entry-to-practice-public-health-nursing-competencies-a-delphi-method-and-knowledge-translation-strategy
#17
Ruth Schofield, Andrea Chircop, Cynthia Baker, Marie Dietrich Leurer, Susan Duncan, Donalda Wotton
BACKGROUND: Sustaining and strengthening nurses 'contributions to public and population health in the 21st century depends in part on nursing education. Clearly articulated entry-to-practice competencies will contribute to the capacity of undergraduate nursing education programs to prepare graduates to promote local, national and global population health. OBJECTIVES: The Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing created the Public Health Task Force to develop consensus on core, national entry-to-practice competencies in public health nursing for undergraduate nursing students and to support these competencies with corresponding online teaching strategies...
March 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529700/articulating-spacers-as-a-modified-one-stage-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-preliminary-analysis
#18
Ahmed Siddiqi, Nicole E George, Peter B White, Bartlomiej W Szczech, John V Thompson, Jennifer I Etcheson, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Alexander T Caughran, Ronald E Delanois, James Nace
INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a challenging complication for surgeons and patients alike. Although two-stage revision arthroplasty remains the gold standard PJI management in the United States, one-stage revision has had success in many parts of Europe. The aim of this study was to retrospectively review: 1) ultimate treatment success; 2) necessary antibiotic duration; 3) change in knee range of motion (ROM); and 4) final Knee Society Scores (KSS) in a case series of patients managed with retention of articulating antibiotic spacers following PJI...
March 12, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526300/defining-centric-relation
#19
Jonathan P Wiens, Gary R Goldstein, Mark Andrawis, Mijin Choi, Jennifer W Priebe
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Multiple definitions of centric relation (CR) have evolved over time that may have created confusion or impeded understanding. A recent attempt to achieve a singular definition by surveying the members of the Academy of Prosthodontics (AP) did not achieve majority consensus. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify those aspects or attributes within the existing definitions of CR in which there was agreement or disagreement among the members of the AP...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524940/an-evaluation-of-the-role-of-an-intermediate-care-facility-in-the-continuum-of-care-in-western-cape-south-africa
#20
Sikhumbuzo A Mabunda, Leslie London, David Pienaar
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive primary healthcare (PHC) approach requires clear referral and continuity of care pathways. South Africa is a lower-middle income country (LMIC) that lacks data on the role of intermediate care (IC) services in the health system. This study described the model of service provision at one facility in Cape Town, including reason for admission, the mix of services and skills provided and needed, patient satisfaction, patient outcome and articulation with other services across the spectrum of care...
May 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
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