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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199168/my-scientific-journey-from-an-agrarian-start-to-an-academic-setting
#1
Janice M Bahr
This article is a combination of an autobiography and a review of outstanding research done by over 70 graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and visiting scientists along with excellent collaborators during my over-40-year career as a professor of reproductive physiology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. I have also shared thoughts on mentoring, how research has changed over the years, and the future of reproductive physiology. I provide the reader with a snapshot of the challenges faced by a woman eager to obtain a PhD under the guidance of renowned professors in the early 1970s and to be hired as the first woman, and the only permanent female faculty member, for more than 20 years on a faculty of 40 men...
February 8, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195606/use-of-articulating-spacer-technique-in-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-complicated-by-sepsis-a-systematic-meta-analysis
#2
John C Spivey, George N Guild, Giles R Scuderi
Periprosthetic infection after total knee arthroplasty is a devastating complication, and 2-stage exchange is the standard of care in North America. Articulating spacers are effective in treating periprosthetic joint infections, but the optimal articulating spacer construct has yet to be identified. The authors performed a systematic review using MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, EMBASE, BIOSIS, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. They identified 34 articles meeting inclusion criteria, producing 1016 spacers for comparison...
February 13, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183413/manuscript-development-and-publishing-a-5-step-approach
#3
Susan M Downey, Stephen A Geraci
Publications in peer-reviewed biomedical journals are essential for sharing knowledge and advancing healthcare. This article will articulate a 5-step approach for developing and publishing a manuscript, and provide academic clinicians with an instructional tool they can provide to their protégés and junior faculty. The authors attempt to distill existing advice for preparing manuscripts, which is found in myriad formats, combine these tutorials with their collective experience and present this approach for developing and publishing successfully a manuscript in a peer-reviewed journal...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155110/intentional-research-design-in-implementation-science-implications-for-the-use-of-nomothetic-and-idiographic-assessment
#4
Aaron R Lyon, Elizabeth Connors, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Sara J Landes, Cara C Lewis, Bryce D McLeod, Christopher Rutt, Cameo Stanick, Bryan J Weiner
The advancement of implementation science is dependent on identifying assessment strategies that can address implementation and clinical outcome variables in ways that are valid, relevant to stakeholders, and scalable. This paper presents a measurement agenda for implementation science that integrates the previously disparate assessment traditions of idiographic and nomothetic approaches. Although idiographic and nomothetic approaches are both used in implementation science, a review of the literature on this topic suggests that their selection can be indiscriminate, driven by convenience, and not explicitly tied to research study design...
February 2, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145220/the-clinical-effectiveness-of-individual-behaviour-change-interventions-to-reduce-risky-sexual-behaviour-after-a-negative-human-immunodeficiency-virus-test-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-systematic-and-realist-reviews-and-intervention-development
#5
Paul Flowers, Olivia Wu, Karen Lorimer, Bipasha Ahmed, Hannah Hesselgreaves, Jennifer MacDonald, Sandi Cayless, Sharon Hutchinson, Lawrie Elliott, Ann Sullivan, Dan Clutterbuck, Michael Rayment, Lisa McDaid
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) experience significant inequalities in health and well-being. They are the group in the UK at the highest risk of acquiring a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Guidance relating to both HIV infection prevention, in general, and individual-level behaviour change interventions, in particular, is very limited. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an evidence synthesis of the clinical effectiveness of behaviour change interventions to reduce risky sexual behaviour among MSM after a negative HIV infection test...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129954/-reactive-arthritis-due-to-clostridium-difficile-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#6
P Garrigues, T de Roux, E Georgilopoulos, E Wanono, A Mathieu
INTRODUCTION: Reactive arthritis due to Clostridium difficile infection is uncommon. CASE REPORTS: We report two cases of reactive arthritis associated with C. difficile infection that occurred in a 40-year-old woman and a 47-year-old man. The literature review between 1976 (date of first reported case) and 2016 retrieved 54 observations (including our two cases). Reactive arthritis occurs most frequently in young subjects after a variable time frame according to C...
January 24, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129795/does-knowledge-brokering-improve-the-quality-of-rapid-review-proposals-a-before-and-after-study
#7
Gabriel Moore, Sally Redman, Catherine D'Este, Steve Makkar, Tari Turner
BACKGROUND: Rapid reviews are increasingly being used to help policy makers access research in short time frames. A clear articulation of the review's purpose, questions, scope, methods and reporting format is thought to improve the quality and generalisability of review findings. The aim of the study is to explore the effectiveness of knowledge brokering in improving the perceived clarity of rapid review proposals from the perspective of potential reviewers. To conduct the study, we drew on the Evidence Check program, where policy makers draft a review proposal (a pre knowledge brokering proposal) and have a 1-hour session with a knowledge broker, who re-drafts the proposal based on the discussion (a post knowledge brokering proposal)...
January 28, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119278/mobile-health-physical-activity-intervention-preferences-in-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#8
Michael C Robertson, Edward Tsai, Elizabeth J Lyons, Sanjana Srinivasan, Maria C Swartz, Miranda L Baum, Karen M Basen-Engquist
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors are at an elevated risk for several negative health outcomes, but physical activity (PA) can decrease those risks. Unfortunately, adherence to PA recommendations among survivors is low. Fitness mobile apps have been shown to facilitate the adoption of PA in the general population, but there are limited apps specifically designed for cancer survivors. This population has unique needs and barriers to PA, and most existing PA apps do not address these issues...
January 24, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112100/exotic-magnetic-states-in-pauli-limited-superconductors
#9
M Kenzelmann
Magnetism and superconductivity compete or interact in complex and intricate ways. Here we review the special case where novel magnetic phenomena appear due to superconductivity, but do not exist without it. Such states have recently been identified in unconventional superconductors. They are different from the mere coexistence of magnetic order and superconductivity in conventional superconductors, or from competing magnetic and superconducting phases in many materials. We describe the recent progress in the study of such exotic magnetic phases, and articulate the many open questions in this field...
January 23, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106516/rural-end-of-life-care-from-the-experiences-and-perspectives-of-patients-and-family-caregivers-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Suzanne Rainsford, Roderick D MacLeod, Nicholas J Glasgow, Christine B Phillips, Robert B Wiles, Donna M Wilson
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care must be relevant to the dying person and their family caregiver regardless of where they live. Rural areas are distinct and need special consideration. Gaining end-of-life care experiences and perspectives of rural patients and their family caregivers is needed to ensure optimal rural care. AIMS: To describe end-of-life care experiences and perspectives of rural patients and their family caregivers, to identify facilitators and barriers to receiving end-of-life care in rural/remote settings and to describe the influence of rural place and culture on end-of-life care experiences...
January 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101650/speech-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-early-diagnostics-and-effects-of-medication-and-brain-stimulation
#11
REVIEW
L Brabenec, J Mekyska, Z Galaz, Irena Rektorova
Hypokinetic dysarthria (HD) occurs in 90% of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. It manifests specifically in the areas of articulation, phonation, prosody, speech fluency, and faciokinesis. We aimed to systematically review papers on HD in PD with a special focus on (1) early PD diagnosis and monitoring of the disease progression using acoustic voice and speech analysis, and (2) functional imaging studies exploring neural correlates of HD in PD, and (3) clinical studies using acoustic analysis to evaluate effects of dopaminergic medication and brain stimulation...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099106/costing-in-radiology-and-health-care-rationale-relativity-rudiments-and-realities
#12
Geoffrey D Rubin
Costs direct decisions that influence the effectiveness of radiology in the care of patients on a daily basis. Yet many radiologists struggle to harness the power of cost measurement and cost management as a critical path toward establishing their value in patient care. When radiologists cannot articulate their value, they risk losing control over how imaging is delivered and supported. In the United States, recent payment trends directing value-based payments for bundles of care advance the imperative for radiology providers to articulate their value...
February 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093883/consumers-in-mental-health-service-leadership-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Brett Scholz, Sarah Gordon, Brenda Happell
Contemporary mental health policies call for greater involvement of mental health service consumers in all aspects and at all levels of service planning, delivery, and evaluation. The extent to which consumers are part of the decision-making function of mental health organizations varies. This systematic review synthesizes empirical and review studies published in peer-reviewed academic journals relating to consumers in leadership roles within mental health organizations. The Cochrane Library, Medline, and PsycINFO were searched for articles specifically analysing and discussing consumers' mental health service leadership...
February 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080254/wellness-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-national-ms-society-establishes-a-wellness-research-working-group-and-research-priorities
#14
Robert W Motl, Ellen M Mowry, Dawn M Ehde, Nicholas G LaRocca, Kathy E Smith, Kathleen Costello, Lynne Shinto, Alexander V Ng, Amy B Sullivan, Barbara Giesser, Kevin K McCully, Bo Fernhall, Malachy Bishop, Matthew Plow, Patrizia Casaccia, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have identified "wellness" and associated behaviors as a high priority based on "social media listening" undertaken by the National MS Society (i.e. the Society). OBJECTIVE: The Society recently convened a group that consisted of researchers with experience in MS and wellness-related research, Society staff members, and an individual with MS for developing recommendations regarding a wellness research agenda. METHOD: The members of the group engaged in focal reviews and discussions involving the state of science within three approaches for promoting wellness in MS, namely diet, exercise, and emotional wellness...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059615/developing-an-online-health-literacy-curriculum-for-two-german-universities-a-key-stakeholder-approach
#15
Sandra Vamos, Paul Yeung, Steffen Schaal, Kirsten Schluter
Health literacy is a significant resource for daily life in society. Global evidence reveals that there are less than ideal levels of health literacy in populations. One potential straproviding them with the skills and tools that will improve their knowledge and practice as our future workforce. The purpose of this study was to articulate the need to develop an online health literacy introductory course for university students in Germany. A total of 16 students from two German universities participated in focus group interviews to collect data on the extent of student health literacy awareness and related health and education needs...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045192/public-policy-child-development-research-and-boys-at-risk-challenging-enduring-and-necessary-partnership
#16
Marvin Mckinney, Hiram E Fitzgerald, Donna-Marie Winn, Patrick Babcock
Research findings documenting the issues and challenges of boys prebirth through age 5 years have barely penetrated the arena of public policy making nor has it permeated the public agenda of politicians, government, or other funding stakeholders. The purpose of this article is to articulate pathways for researchers to enter into the policy-making process. We review critical issues related to implementing the process of public policy. We argue that the policy process needs to be informed by more dynamic theoretical models of human development, and that researchers and clinicians need to be exposed more deeply to the processes required to inform and subsequently change public policy...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040077/closing-the-gap-a-novel-technique-for-humeral-shaft-nonunions-using-cup-and-cone-reamers
#17
Brian T Nickel, Mitchell R Klement, Marc J Richard, Robert Zura, Grant E Garrigues
INTRODUCTION: Nonunion following closed treatment of humeral shaft fracture is estimated to be 5.5%. Many surgical techniques have been described to address humeral shaft nonunion including: open reduction, internal fixation (ORIF) with compression plating and bone graft, dual plating, cortical strut allograft and autograft, and adding biologic augmentation (BMP). The current standard of care includes ORIF with compression plating and bone grafting, but even this technique has an approximated 10% failure rate...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011880/roles-of-estrogen-receptor-alpha-in-mediating-life-span-the-hypothalamic-deregulation-hypothesis
#18
REVIEW
Arvin M Gouw, Gizem Efe, Rita Barakat, Andrew Preecha, Morvarid Mehdizadeh, Steven A Garan, George A Brooks
In several species caloric restriction (CR) extends life span. In this paper we integrate data from studies on CR and other sources to articulate the hypothalamic deregulation hypothesis by which estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α) signaling in the hypothalamus and limbic system affects life span under the stress of CR in mammals. ER-α is one of two principal estrogen-binding receptors differentially expressed in the amygdala, hippocampus, and several key hypothalamic nuclei: the arcuate nucleus (ARN), preoptic area (POA), ventromedial nucleus (VMN), antero ventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV), paraventricular nucleus (PVN), supraoptic nucleus (SON), and suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)...
February 1, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009708/trunnion-corrosion-in-metal-on-polyethylene-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#19
Sivashanmugam Raju, Karthikeyan Chinnakkannu, Mohan K Puttaswamy, Matthew J Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Modular total hip arthroplasty implants can help the operating surgeon reproduce the optimum limb length and offset; however, the modularity can lead to fretting and corrosion with associated metal-related problems. Although metal-on-metal bearings are often reported to have problems, recent case reports suggest that the problems can occur with any articulation, usually as a result of problems at the head/neck junction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed three cases of a specific implant combination with nontraumatic trunnion failure, with two cases presenting as acute complete dissociation of the femoral head from the neck...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009394/eighty-years-of-cirm-a-journey-of-commitment-and-dedication-in-providing-maritime-medical-assistance
#20
Syed Sarosh Mahdi, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: A review of activities of Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (International Radio Medical Centre, CIRM) from its foundation in 1935 until its 80th anniversary in 2015 was accomplished. CIRM was founded in 1935 to provide medical assistance via radio to ships with no doctor on board and other distant patients who cannot be reached by a doctor. In 1950 CIRM was established as a non-profit-making foundation and has benefited since 1957 from an annual contribution from the Italian government...
2016: International Maritime Health
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