keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Review articule

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080254/wellness-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-national-ms-society-establishes-a-wellness-research-working-group-and-research-priorities
#1
Robert W Motl, Ellen M Mowry, Dawn M Ehde, Nicholas G LaRocca, Kathy E Smith, Kathleen Costello, Lynne Shinto, Alexander V Ng, Amy B Sullivan, Barbara Giesser, Kevin K McCully, Bo Fernhall, Malachy Bishop, Matthew Plow, Patrizia Casaccia, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have identified "wellness" and associated behaviors as a high priority based on "social media listening" undertaken by the National MS Society (i.e. the Society). OBJECTIVE: The Society recently convened a group that consisted of researchers with experience in MS and wellness-related research, Society staff members, and an individual with MS for developing recommendations regarding a wellness research agenda. METHOD: The members of the group engaged in focal reviews and discussions involving the state of science within three approaches for promoting wellness in MS, namely diet, exercise, and emotional wellness...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059615/developing-an-online-health-literacy-curriculum-for-two-german-universities-a-key-stakeholder-approach
#2
Sandra Vamos, Paul Yeung, Steffen Schaal, Kirsten Schluter
Health literacy is a significant resource for daily life in society. Global evidence reveals that there are less than ideal levels of health literacy in populations. One potential straproviding them with the skills and tools that will improve their knowledge and practice as our future workforce. The purpose of this study was to articulate the need to develop an online health literacy introductory course for university students in Germany. A total of 16 students from two German universities participated in focus group interviews to collect data on the extent of student health literacy awareness and related health and education needs...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045192/public-policy-child-development-research-and-boys-at-risk-challenging-enduring-and-necessary-partnership
#3
Marvin Mckinney, Hiram E Fitzgerald, Donna-Marie Winn, Patrick Babcock
Research findings documenting the issues and challenges of boys prebirth through age 5 years have barely penetrated the arena of public policy making nor has it permeated the public agenda of politicians, government, or other funding stakeholders. The purpose of this article is to articulate pathways for researchers to enter into the policy-making process. We review critical issues related to implementing the process of public policy. We argue that the policy process needs to be informed by more dynamic theoretical models of human development, and that researchers and clinicians need to be exposed more deeply to the processes required to inform and subsequently change public policy...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040077/closing-the-gap-a-novel-technique-for-humeral-shaft-nonunions-using-cup-and-cone-reamers
#4
Brian T Nickel, Mitchell R Klement, Marc J Richard, Robert Zura, Grant E Garrigues
INTRODUCTION: Nonunion following closed treatment of humeral shaft fracture is estimated to be 5.5%. Many surgical techniques have been described to address humeral shaft nonunion including: open reduction, internal fixation (ORIF) with compression plating and bone graft, dual plating, cortical strut allograft and autograft, and adding biologic augmentation (BMP). The current standard of care includes ORIF with compression plating and bone grafting, but even this technique has an approximated 10% failure rate...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011880/roles-of-estrogen-receptor-alpha-in-mediating-lifespan-the-hypothalamic-deregulation-hypothesis
#5
Arvin M Gouw, Gizem Efe, Rita Barakat, Andrew Preecha, Movarid Mehdizadeh, Steven A Garan, George A Brooks
In several species caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan. In this paper we integrate data from studies on CR and other sources to articulate the Hypothalamic Deregulation Hypothesis by which Estrogen Receptor-alpha (ER-α) signaling in the hypothalamus and limbic system affects lifespan under the stress of CR in mammals. ER-α is one of two principal estrogen-binding receptors differentially expressed in the amygdala, hippocampus, and several key hypothalamic nuclei: the Arcuate nucleus (ARN), Preoptic Area (POA), Ventromedial nucleus (VMN), Antero Ventral Periventricular Nucleus (AVPV), Paraventricular nucleus (PVN), Supraoptic nucleus (SON), and Suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)...
December 23, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009708/trunnion-corrosion-in-metal-on-polyethylene-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#6
Sivashanmugam Raju, Karthikeyan Chinnakkannu, Mohan K Puttaswamy, Matthew J Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Modular total hip arthroplasty implants can help the operating surgeon reproduce the optimum limb length and offset; however, the modularity can lead to fretting and corrosion with associated metal-related problems. Although metal-on-metal bearings are often reported to have problems, recent case reports suggest that the problems can occur with any articulation, usually as a result of problems at the head/neck junction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed three cases of a specific implant combination with nontraumatic trunnion failure, with two cases presenting as acute complete dissociation of the femoral head from the neck...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009394/eighty-years-of-cirm-a-journey-of-commitment-and-dedication-in-providing-maritime-medical-assistance
#7
Syed Sarosh Mahdi, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: A review of activities of Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (International Radio Medical Centre, CIRM) from its foundation in 1935 until its 80th anniversary in 2015 was accomplished. CIRM was founded in 1935 to provide medical assistance via radio to ships with no doctor on board and other distant patients who cannot be reached by a doctor. In 1950 CIRM was established as a non-profit-making foundation and has benefited since 1957 from an annual contribution from the Italian government...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004895/cooperation-collective-action-and-the-archeology-of-large-scale-societies
#8
David M Carballo, Gary M Feinman
Archeologists investigating the emergence of large-scale societies in the past have renewed interest in examining the dynamics of cooperation as a means of understanding societal change and organizational variability within human groups over time. Unlike earlier approaches to these issues, which used models designated voluntaristic or managerial, contemporary research articulates more explicitly with frameworks for cooperation and collective action used in other fields, thereby facilitating empirical testing through better definition of the costs, benefits, and social mechanisms associated with success or failure in coordinated group action...
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004142/the-evolution-of-outcomes-and-indications-for-the-dual-mobility-cup-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Cécile Batailler, Camdon Fary, Régis Verdier, Thierry Aslanian, Jacques Caton, Sebastien Lustig
PURPOSE: Instability following total hip arthroplasty remains a common and disabling complication. The dual mobility cup (DMC) allows a reduction in the dislocation rate. An increasing number of studies have been undertaken to better understand DMC long term outcomes and complications. The goal of this systematic review was to clarify its different uses and outcomes according to the indications. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed using the keywords 'dual mobility' and 'tripolar cup' with no limit regarding the year of publication...
December 21, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993006/classical-challenges-in-the-physical-chemistry-of-polymer-networks-and-the-design-of-new-materials
#10
Rui Wang, Michelle K Sing, Reginald K Avery, Bruno S Souza, Minkyu Kim, Bradley D Olsen
Polymer networks are widely used from commodity to biomedical materials. The space-spanning, net-like structure gives polymer networks their advantageous mechanical and dynamic properties, the most essential factor that governs their responses to external electrical, thermal, and chemical stimuli. Despite the ubiquity of applications and a century of active research on these materials, the way that chemistry and processing interact to yield the final structure and the material properties of polymer networks is not fully understood, which leads to a number of classical challenges in the physical chemistry of gels...
December 20, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982292/2-nd-brazilian-consensus-on-chagas-disease-2015
#11
João Carlos Pinto Dias, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Eliane Dias Gontijo, Alejandro Luquetti, Maria Aparecida Shikanai-Yasuda, José Rodrigues Coura, Rosália Morais Torres, José Renan da Cunha Melo, Eros Antonio de Almeida, Wilson de Oliveira, Antônio Carlos Silveira, Joffre Marcondes de Rezende, Fabiane Scalabrini Pinto, Antonio Walter Ferreira, Anis Rassi, Abílio Augusto Fragata, Andréa Silvestre de Sousa, Dalmo Correia, Ana Maria Jansen, Glaucia Manzan Queiroz Andrade, Constança Felícia De Paoli de Carvalho Britto, Ana Yecê das Neves Pinto, Anis Rassi, Dayse Elisabeth Campos, Fernando Abad-Franch, Silvana Eloi Santos, Egler Chiari, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Eliane Furtado Moreira, Divina Seila de Oliveira Marques, Eliane Lages Silva, José Antonio Marin-Neto, Lúcia Maria da Cunha Galvão, Sergio Salles Xavier, Sebastião Aldo da Silva Valente, Noêmia Barbosa Carvalho, Alessandra Viana Cardoso, Rafaella Albuquerque E Silva, Veruska Maia da Costa, Simone Monzani Vivaldini, Suelene Mamede Oliveira, Vera da Costa Valente, Mayara Maia Lima, Renato Vieira Alves
Chagas disease is a neglected chronic condition with a high burden of morbidity and mortality. It has considerable psychological, social, and economic impacts. The disease represents a significant public health issue in Brazil, with different regional patterns. This document presents the evidence that resulted in the Brazilian Consensus on Chagas Disease. The objective was to review and standardize strategies for diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of Chagas disease in the country, based on the available scientific evidence...
December 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966916/injectable-and-3d-bioprinted-polysaccharide-hydrogels-from-cartilage-to-osteochondral-tissue-engineering
#12
Janani Radhakrishnan, Anuradha Subramanian, Uma Maheswari Krishnan, Swaminathan Sethuraman
Biomechanical performance of functional cartilage is executed by the exclusive anisotropic composition and spatially varying intricate architecture in articulating ends of diarthrodial joint. Osteochondral tissue constituting the articulating ends comprise superfical soft cartilage over hard subchondral bone sandwiching interfacial soft-hard tissue. The shock-absorbent, lubricating property of cartilage and mechanical stability of subchondral bone regions are rendered by extended chemical structure of glycosaminoglycans and mineral deposition, respectively...
December 14, 2016: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957671/medical-student-resilience-strategies-a%C3%A2-content-analysis-of-medical-students-portfolios
#13
Richard A Prayson, S Beth Bierer, Elaine F Dannefer
INTRODUCTION: Stress and burnout among medical students is a well-recognized concern. A student's ability to employ resilience strategies to self-regulate behaviour is critical to the student's future career as a physician. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a sampling of year 1, 2 and 5 portfolio essays focused on the Personal Development competency and performance milestones, written by 49 students from three different classes in a 5-year programme devoted to training physician investigators...
December 12, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943483/rapid-realist-review-of-the-evidence-achieving-lasting-change-when-mental-health-rehabilitation-staff-undertake-recovery-oriented-training
#14
REVIEW
M Gee, S Bhanbrho, S Cook, H Killaspy
AIM: To identify the factors contributing to lasting change in practice following a recovery-based training intervention for inpatient mental health rehabilitation staff. BACKGROUND: Staff training may help nurses and other staff groups in inpatient mental health rehabilitative settings to increase their recovery-oriented practice. There are no published reviews on the effectiveness of such training and few long-term evaluations. This review informed a realist evaluation of a specific intervention ('GetREAL')...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942888/wear-of-dual-mobility-cups-a-review-article
#15
REVIEW
Anna Di Laura, Harry Hothi, Clement Battisti, Arianna Cerquiglini, Johann Henckel, John Skinner, Alister Hart
Dual-mobility (DM) cups have been clinically used in hip surgery in Europe for more than 35 years and continue to gain popularity worldwide due to promising results at reducing instability. Concerns related to polyethylene wear apply as in conventional standard bearings but are accentuated by the larger-diameter articulations with multiple surfaces. We critically reviewed the reported literature regarding the in vivo and in vitro wear occurring on all surfaces involved. We looked for patterns to create a rational classification of sites of wear and to identify areas for future research...
December 9, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929722/medical-attention-seeking-dance-injuries-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#16
Akilesh Anand Prakash
The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of case reports documenting the epidemiology of unique and rare musculoskeletal injuries in dancers. A systematic review was conducted online using PubMed and Google Scholar, as per PRISMA guidelines up to July 30, 2016. Predefined eligibility criteria were applied, and the data thus compiled was analysed. Study quality was assessed based on CARE guidelines. 72 studies reporting 92 dance injuries were included in the review. The average age of dancers was 23 years (SD = 10 years) with majority being females (65%)...
December 17, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911747/new-developments-in-understanding-the-complexity-of-human-speech-production
#17
Kristina Simonyan, Hermann Ackermann, Edward F Chang, Jeremy D Greenlee
Speech is one of the most unique features of human communication. Our ability to articulate our thoughts by means of speech production depends critically on the integrity of the motor cortex. Long thought to be a low-order brain region, exciting work in the past years is overturning this notion. Here, we highlight some of major experimental advances in speech motor control research and discuss the emerging findings about the complexity of speech motocortical organization and its large-scale networks. This review summarizes the talks presented at a symposium at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Neuroscience; it does not represent a comprehensive review of contemporary literature in the broader field of speech motor control...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911456/mid-term-results-of-recap-magnum-taperloc-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-mean-follow-up-of-7-1-years
#18
Antonios A Koutalos, Aristotelis Kourtis, Ian C Clarke, Evert J Smith
INTRODUCTION: Despite enthusiasm for metal-on-metal bearings, disappointing short- to mid-term outcomes has all but halted the use of this bearing articulation. This review presents mid-term results for the ReCap Magnum total hip replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study evaluated 79 ReCap/Magnum/Taperloc total hip replacements with mean follow-up of 7.1 (range 3.7-9.2) years. 43 were female and 36 male. Metal ions were measured and radiographic measurement included a 'margin of safety' angle to quantify risk of edge loading...
December 2, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900701/elbow-instability-are-we-able-to-classify-it-review-of-the-literature-and-proposal-of-an-all-inclusive-classification-system
#19
REVIEW
A Marinelli, E Guerra, R Rotini
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, considerable improvements have come in biomechanical knowledge about the role of elbow stabilizers. In particular, the complex interactions among the different stabilizers when injured at the same time have been better understood. Anyway, uncertainties about both nomenclature and classification still exist in the definition of the different patterns of instability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors examine the literature of the last 130 years about elbow instability classification, analyzing the intuitions and the value of each of them...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898132/community-models-of-care-a-scoping-review
#20
Lindsay Mullins, Lisa E Skemp, Meridean L Maas
Nurse preparation and role in community models of care for older adults is not well documented. The purpose of the current structured scoping literature review was to identify nurse-led or nurse-involved community models of care for older adults, articulate the nurse's role and preparation in the model, and identify Triple Aim policy implications. Literature from 2008 through 2014 yielded 34 models identified in 51 articles. Twenty-one of 34 models were evaluated and none clearly articulated the full impact of a nurse role...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
keyword
keyword
36488
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"