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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922758/the-feasibility-of-implementing-a-communication-skills-training-course-in-pediatric-hematology-oncology-fellowship
#1
Lauren Weintraub, Lisa Figueiredo, Michael Roth, Adam Levy
Communication skills are a competency highlighted by the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education; yet, little is known about the frequency with which trainees receive formal training or what programs are willing to invest. We sought to answer this question and designed a program to address identified barriers. We surveyed pediatric fellowship program directors from all disciplines and, separately, pediatric hematology/oncology fellowship program directors to determine current use of formal communication skills training...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921213/pediatric-intracranial-primary-anaplastic-ganglioglioma
#2
Wolf Lüdemann, Rouzbeh Banan, Christian Hartmann, Helmut Bertalanffy, Concezio Di Rocco
BACKGROUND: Primary intracranial anaplastic gangliogliomas are rare tumors in the pediatric patient group. Most of them present with symptoms of elevated pressure or symptomatic epilepsy. Extraaxial location is far more common than axial location. On MRI examination, they mimic pilocytic astrocytomas. The outcome after surgery depends mainly on the possible amount of surgical resection, and oncological therapy is necessary to prevent recurrence of the disease. CASE REPORT: An 11-year-old boy presented with headache and double vision due to obstructive hydrocephalus...
December 5, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920234/patient-family-education-as-translational-science-in-pediatric-oncology
#3
EDITORIAL
Marilyn Hockenberry, Wendy Landier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919878/pharmacy-residency-training-measured-through-a-standardized-knowledge-test
#4
Amy N Thompson, Brian P McKinzie, Jason S Haney, Jean M Nappi, Nicole Pilch
PURPOSE: The use of a standardized knowledge test to assess postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency training was evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively administered exam. A bank of questions was developed by preceptors from each of the core rotation disciplines: general medicine (including ambulatory care and oncology), pediatrics, critical care (including transplantation), drug information, operations, practice management, and psychiatry...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919406/pediatric-surgical-readmissions-are-they-truly-preventable
#5
Erin G Brown, Jamie E Anderson, Debra Burgess, Richard J Bold, Diana L Farmer
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Reimbursement penalties for excess hospital readmissions have begun for the pediatric population. Therefore, research determining incidence and predictors is critical. METHODS: A retrospective review of University HealthSystem Consortium database (N=258 hospitals; 2,723,621 patients) for pediatric patients (age 0-17years) hospitalized from 9/2011 to 3/2015 was performed. Outcome measures were 7-, 14-, and 30-day readmission rates. Hospital and patient characteristics were evaluated to identify predictors of readmission...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918351/pediatric-oncology-discharges-with-febrile-neutropenia-variation-in-location-of-care
#6
Elysia Alvarez, Lisa J Chamberlain, Catherine Aftandilian, Olga Saynina, Paul Wise
We examined the use of Pediatric Cancer Specialty Centers (PCSCs) over time and the length of stay (LOS) in pediatric oncology patients with a diagnosis of febrile neutropenia. PCSCs were defined as Children's Oncology Group and California Children's Services designated centers. We performed a retrospective analysis on all discharges of pediatric (0 to 18) oncology patients with febrile neutropenia in California (1983 to 2011) using the private Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development database. We examined influence of age, sex, race/ethnicity, payer, income, distance, tumor type, and complications on utilization of PCSCs and LOS (SAS 9...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906588/fertility-preservation-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-oncology-patients-the-decision-making-process-of-parents
#7
Nancy Li, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Matthew A Kemertzis, Paddy Moore, Michelle Peate
PURPOSE: Decisions surrounding fertility preservation (FP) in children, adolescents, and adults can be difficult due to the distress of a cancer diagnosis, time constraints for decision-making, and lack of efficacy data. This review examines the decision-making process of oncology patients and their parents (if patients are in the pediatric or adolescent population) to better understand experiences of decisional conflict and regret. METHODS: Two electronic databases, Embase and Pubmed, were searched using the terms (Decision-making OR Conflict (Psychology) OR Decision regret) AND (Freezing OR Oocyte OR Ovarian tissue OR Semen preservation OR Fertility preservation OR Cryopreservation) AND (Neoplasms OR Cancer OR Chemotherapy OR Drug therapy OR Radiotherapy)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905682/a-survey-of-pediatric-hematology-oncology-specialists-regarding-management-of-central-line-associated-venous-thrombosis
#8
Char M Witmer, Emily Sauck, Leslie J Raffini
Central venous catheters (CVCs) account for the largest proportion of thrombotic events in pediatric patients. Questions remain regarding adequate treatment and prevention methods. We surveyed pediatric hematology/oncology specialists, using hypothetical cases to assess management strategies for acute CVC thrombosis and secondary prevention. Survey respondents varied in the use of the thrombophilia evaluation (33.3%, 41/123) and duration of treatment (6 weeks: 54.1%, 66/122). Secondary CVC prophylaxis was utilized by 36...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905680/the-burden-of-childhood-cancer-in-mexico-implications-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
REVIEW
Roberto Rivera-Luna, Marta Zapata-Tarres, Jaime Shalkow-Klincovstein, Liliana Velasco-Hidalgo, Alberto Olaya-Vargas, Nicole Finkelstein-Mizrahi, Rocío Cárdenas-Cardós, Marco R Aguilar-Ortiz
In Mexico, childhood cancer incidence and mortality have increased in the last decade. Through government actions since 2005, the Popular Medical Insurance (PMI) program for childhood cancer was created. The objective of PMI was to offer early cancer diagnosis, standardized treatment regimens, and numerous pediatric oncology residency programs. It has also accredited 55 national hospitals for the care of these children. Current problems still present under the PMI include shortage of pediatric oncologists and nurses and high rate of abandonment of treatment...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905679/care-management-for-foreign-children-adolescents-young-adults-with-cancer-and-their-families
#10
Jérémie Gaudichon, Sandra Toscani, Sarah Cohen-Gogo, Juliette Saulpic, Aurore Surun, Oya Sakiroglu, François Doz, Jean Michon, Daniel Orbach
BACKGROUND: Little is known about care management for foreign patients in pediatric oncology in European centers. We aimed to describe care given to children, adolescents, and young adults who came to France for cancer treatment, and to determine whether their geographical origin had an influence on decision making. PROCEDURE: We conducted a monocentric retrospective study on all foreign patients aged 0-25 years and hospitalized for at least one night in Institut Curie (Paris, France) from 2009 to 2013...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903291/erratum-to-high-expression-of-myocyte-enhancer-factor-2c-mef2c-is-associated-with-adverse-risk-features-and-poor-outcome-in-pediatric-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#11
George S Laszlo, Todd A Alonzo, Chelsea J Gudgeon, Kimberly H Harrington, Alex Kentsis, Robert B Gerbing, Yi-Cheng Wang, Rhonda E Ries, Susana C Raimondi, Betsy A Hirsch, Alan S Gamis, Soheil Meshinchi, Roland B Walter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900832/bromodomain-and-extraterminal-protein-inhibitors-in-pediatrics-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Irene Jiménez, André Baruchel, François Doz, Johannes Schulte
The last few years have seen the identification of pharmacologic approaches to target bromodomain and extraterminal (BET) proteins for cancer treatment. These proteins have an essential role in gene transcription regulation by binding acetylated lysine residues on histone tails, activating gene transcription. BET inhibitors have been tested in preclinical models including pediatric malignancies and several adult clinical trials are ongoing. Since the development of new drugs in pediatric cancer has long lagged behind programs for adults, the aim of this review is to show the importance of these therapies in pediatric malignancies to support their development in pediatric oncology/hematology...
November 30, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889712/serum-procalcitonin-for-predicting-significant-infections-and-mortality-in-pediatric-oncology
#13
Vinod Gunasekaran, Nita Radhakrishnan, Veronique Dinand, Anupam Sachdeva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of serum procalcitonin (PCT) level at admission in predicting significant infections and deaths among children on chemotherapy presenting with fever. METHODS: Children with clinically significant (CSI) and microbiologically documented (MDI) infections were identified using set definitions. Association of PCT with CSI, MDI and mortality was analyzed. RESULTS: We evaluated 821 febrile episodes in 316 children...
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889022/advanced-mr-imaging-in-pediatric-brain-tumors-clinical-applications
#14
REVIEW
Maarten Lequin, Jeroen Hendrikse
Advanced MR imaging techniques, such as spectroscopy, perfusion, diffusion, and functional imaging, have improved the diagnosis of brain tumors in children and also play an important role in defining surgical as well as therapeutic responses in these patients. In addition to the anatomic or structural information gained with conventional MR imaging sequences, advanced MR imaging techniques also provide physiologic information about tumor morphology, metabolism, and hemodynamics. This article reviews the physiology, techniques, and clinical applications of diffusion-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging, MR spectroscopy, perfusion MR imaging, susceptibility-weighted imaging, and functional MR imaging in the setting of neuro-oncology...
February 2017: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878779/total-estimated-effective-doses-from-radiologic-imaging-modalities-of-children-with-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#15
Derya Özyörük, Suna Emir, Hacı Ahmet Demir, Gülşah Bayram Kabaçam, Bahattin Tunç
BACKGROUND: Recently, awareness of the cumulative radiation exposure for pediatric oncology patients has been increasing, together with increased survival rates and longer life expectancy. The aim of our study was to quantify the amount of ionising radiation from imaging modalities of pediatric oncology patients. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients who were diagnosed with childhood cancer and followed up for 5 years between 2004-2014 in our center were included in the study...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875526/caphosol-for-prevention-of-oral-mucositis-in-pediatric-myeloablative-haematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#16
Nathaniel Treister, Michael Nieder, Christina Baggott, Ellen Olson, Lu Chen, Ha Dang, Mark Krailo, Amanda August, Lillian Sung
BACKGROUND: The primary objective was to determine whether topically administered Caphosol, rinsed orally four times daily at the initiation of conditioning, reduces the duration of severe oral mucositis (OM) compared with placebo among children and adolescents undergoing haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). METHODS: This was a Children's Oncology Group multicentre randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled clinical trial. Patients between the ages of 4 and 21 years who were scheduled to undergo myeloablative HCT for any indication were randomised to Caphosol or placebo saline rinses four times daily from initiation of conditioning through day +20...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870690/advances-in-pediatric-hematology-oncology
#17
Elizabeth Raetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869096/predictive-factor-analysis-of-response-adapted-radiation-therapy-for-chemotherapy-sensitive-pediatric-hodgkin-lymphoma-analysis-of-the-children-s-oncology-group-ahod-0031-trial
#18
Anne-Marie Charpentier, Debra L Friedman, Suzanne Wolden, Cindy Schwartz, Bethany Gill, Jenna Sykes, Alisha Albert-Green, Kara M Kelly, Louis S Constine, David C Hodgson
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether clinical risk factors could further distinguish children with intermediate-risk Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) with rapid early and complete anatomic response (RER/CR) who benefit significantly from involved-field RT (IFRT) from those who do not, and thereby aid refinement of treatment selection. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Children with intermediate-risk HL treated on the Children's Oncology Group AHOD 0031 trial who achieved RER/CR with 4 cycles of chemotherapy, and who were randomized to 21-Gy IFRT or no additional therapy (n=716) were the subject of this study...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868581/2016-updated-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-oncology-nursing-society-chemotherapy-administration-safety-standards-including-standards-for-pediatric-oncology
#19
Michael N Neuss, Terry R Gilmore, Kristin M Belderson, Amy L Billett, Tara Conti-Kalchik, Brittany E Harvey, Carolyn Hendricks, Kristine B LeFebvre, Pamela B Mangu, Kristen McNiff, MiKaela Olsen, Lisa Schulmeister, Ann Von Gehr, Martha Polovich
Purpose To update the ASCO/Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards and to highlight standards for pediatric oncology. Methods The ASCO/ONS Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards were first published in 2009 and updated in 2011 to include inpatient settings. A subsequent 2013 revision expanded the standards to include the safe administration and management of oral chemotherapy. A joint ASCO/ONS workshop with stakeholder participation, including that of the Association of Pediatric Hematology Oncology Nurses and American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, was held on May 12, 2015, to review the 2013 standards...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864789/informational-support-in-pediatric-oncology-review-of-the-challenges-among-arab-families
#20
REVIEW
Naïma Otmani, Mohammed Khattab
Childhood cancer and its invasive treatment is a distressing life experience for the child and his family. Providing informational support is an essential part of community care, and defining parent's burden is an important part of this goal. However, providing such information can be particularly challenging in Arab countries where beliefs, traditions, religion, and socioeconomic factors influence parents' needs and their priorities of needs. This article presents a review of these specificities among Arab families...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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