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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106650/trends-in-ambulatory-management-of-urinary-incontinence-in-women-in-the-united-states
#1
James C Forde, Bilal Chughtai, Meagan Cea, Benjamin V Stone, Alexis Te, Tara F Bishop
OBJECTIVES: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition, but despite the availability of guidelines, variations exist in the care of patients. We sought to assess the changes in assessment and management of women with UI over time in the United States. METHODS: The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey are annual surveys from a nationally representative sample of visits to physicians. From 1999 through 2010, we identified visits by women to physicians where the chief complaint was UI using reason-for-visit and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098121/perspectives-on-hypertension-outcomes-after-single-stage-clearance-of-a-complete-staghorn-renal-calculus
#2
Ranjit Chaudhary, Kulwant Singh, Chirag S Dausage, Nidhi Jain
A 55-year-old male presented, in June 2013, with left flank pain. Investigations revealed a complete staghorn stone. He had undergone two sittings of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in 2008 for left renal stone. One year subsequent to this, he was diagnosed with hypertension and diabetes. The management of complete staghorn stones in a single sitting is a difficult proposition. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the gold standard to manage such stones. The patient was subjected to PCNL, and complete clearance was achieved in one sitting...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095709/worldwide-trends-of-urinary-stone-disease-treatment-over-the-last-two-decades-a-systematic-review
#3
Robert Geraghty, Patrick Jones, Bhaskar K Somani
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have reported on regional or national trends of stone disease treatment. However, no paper has yet examined the global trends of intervention for stone disease. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic review of papers from 2004 to September 2016 for all English language articles reporting on trends of surgical treatment of stone disease was performed. Authors were contacted in the case of data not being clear. If the authors did not reply, data was estimated from graphs or tables...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094332/bladder-cancer-genetic-urinary-biomarker-panel-is-promising
#4
Louise Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089887/ureteral-stone-diameter-on-computerized-tomography-coronal-reconstructions-is-clinically-important-and-underreported
#5
Mustafa Kadihasanoglu, Tracy Marien, Nicole L Miller
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the maximum stone diameter of ureteral stones in the coronal plane to the axial and determine the clinical significance of the coronal diameter. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients seen in clinic between September 2013 and November 2015.Patients were included if they had a history of ureteral stone noted on CT performed with coronal reconstructions. Patients were excluded if they had multiple ureteral stones, history of upper urinary tract abnormalities, need for urgent intervention, or no follow-up...
January 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088768/in-vitro-activity-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-against-urinary-isolates-from-patients-in-a-phase-3-clinical-trial-programme-for-the-treatment-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infections
#6
Gregory G Stone, Patricia A Bradford, Katrina Yates, Paul Newell
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the in vitro activity of ceftazidime/avibactam relative to comparator agents against Gram-negative isolates from a Phase 3 clinical trial programme for complicated urinary tract infections (RECAPTURE). METHODS: The in vitro activity of ceftazidime/avibactam was evaluated against 840 Gram-negative pathogens isolated at baseline from 1033 randomized patients in two pivotal Phase 3 clinical trials for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087010/breaking-the-ice-urine-proteomics-of-medullary-sponge-kidney-disease
#7
Somchai Chutipongtanate
Urinary proteomics is a promising tool for biomarker investigation, particularly in complex kidney diseases. Fabris and colleagues report that urinary laminin subunit alpha-2 is a potential diagnostic marker of medullary sponge kidney (MSK) disease by using a label-free quantitative proteomics platform and a clinically compatible enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The neglected issue of stone pathogenesis was also evidenced. This commentary discusses several considerations in biomarker validation, and how urinary proteomics breaks new ground in MSK research...
February 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073210/the-importance-of-citrates-in-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-calcium-oxalate-urinary-stones
#8
Michele Barbera, Andreas Tsirgiotis, Mauro Barbera, Quintino Paola
About 10% of the people is the subject of an episode of kidney stones during their lifetime, about 70% of these people undergoes relapses. About 80% of the urinary stones contains calcium, of wich 80% is formed of calcium oxalate, in pure form or associated with calcium phosphate. Therefore we can saythat in most cases (about 65%) the urinary stones are composedof calcium oxalate. Use of supplements of potassium citrate and magnesium citrate can help in the prevention of kidney stones of calcium oxalate, but mostly they can be used in the days before a shockwaves lithotripsy treatment to make the stones more fragile to the effect of the shock waves...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073204/who-apparently-more-spends-in-reality-spends-less-spending-a-little-more-for-the-rental-of-the-extracorporeal-lithotripter-can-save-a-lot-about-the-days-of-hospitalization-for-urinary-stones
#9
Giuseppe Albino, Francesco Albergo
OBJECTIVE: The right to health (according to the Article 32 of the Italian Republic Constitution) is financially conditioned; for this reason the National Health System (NHS) has the objective of rationalize health expenditure according to the criteria of efficiency, effectiveness and economy. This paper is an example of rationalization concerning the extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hospital admissions for urinary stones were taken into account...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073186/factors-affecting-the-course-of-body-and-kidney-growth-in-infants-with-urolithiasis-a-critical-long-term-evaluation
#10
Kemal Sarica, Fatma Narter, Kubilay Sabuncu, Ahmet Akca, Utku Can, Ayse Buz, H Nese Sarica, Bilal Eryildirim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effects of dietary, patient and stone related factors on the clinical course of the stone disease as well as the body and renal growth status of the infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 children with an history of stone disease during infancy period were studied. Patient (anatomical abnormalities, urinary tract infection - UTI, associated morbidities), stone (obstruction, UTI and required interventions) and lastly dietary (duration of sole breast feeding, formula feeding) related factors which may affect the clinical course of the disease were all evaluated for their effects on the body and renal growth during long-term follow-up...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070668/what-happens-to-asymptomatic-lower-pole-kidney-stones-smaller-than-10%C3%A2-mm-in-children-during-watchful-waiting
#11
Onur Telli, Nurullah Hamidi, Uygar Bagci, Arif Demirbas, Ahmet Metin Hascicek, Tarkan Soygur, Berk Burgu
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of lower pole kidney (LPK) stones in children is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of children with asymptomatic isolated LPK stones smaller than 10 mm during follow-up. METHODS: A total of 242 patients with 284 stones presenting at our institution between June 2004 and December 2014 with an asymptomatic, single LPK stone with a diameter of <10 mm were enrolled in the study. All children were assigned to receive first-line therapy and then categorized according to the need for medical intervention...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068364/meta-analysis-of-stenting-versus-non-stenting-for-the-treatment-of-ureteral-stones
#12
Hai Wang, Libo Man, Guizhong Li, Guanglin Huang, Ning Liu, Jianwei Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URL) and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) are two widely used methods for the treatment of ureteral stones. The need for ureteral stenting during these procedures is controversial. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the benefits and disadvantages of ureteral stents for the treatment of ureteral stones. METHODS: Databases including PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library were selected for systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing outcomes with or without stenting during URL and ESWL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063842/relationship-between-urinary-calcium-and-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-calcium-nephrolithiasis
#13
Khashayar Sakhaee, Naim M Maalouf, John Poindexter, Beverley Adams-Huet, Orson W Moe
BACKGROUND: Calcium nephrolithiasis is associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis and fracture. Hypercalciuria has been assumed to be pathogenic for bone loss in kidney stone formers (KSF), although this association was shown in small cross-sectional studies. We explored the association of urine calcium (UCaV) with bone mineral density (BMD) in KSF. METHODS: We retrospectively studied BMD in KSF. Excluded were subjects with hypercalcemia, chronic bowel disease, primary hyperparathyroidism, distal renal tubular acidosis or endogenous creatinine clearance <40 ml/min...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063841/external-physical-vibration-lithecbole-promote-the-stone-clearance-of-upper-urinary-stone-after-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-a-prospective-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Wenqi Wu, Zhou Yang, Changbao Xu, Xiaojian Gu, Sixing Yang, Songbai Liao, Rongjiang Wang, Wenxi Gao, Zhangqun Ye, Guohua Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of External Physical Vibration Lithecbole (EPVL) for the treatment of residual stone after retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 173 patients (128 male and 45 female) were selected for the study. All the patients had residual fragments after RIRS for the renal or upper ureteral stones. They were prospectively randomized into two groups, one received EPVL one week after RIRS (group ER), another only underwent RIRS as a control (group CR)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060690/-peritoneal-dialysis-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-experience-of-a-nephrology-and-renal-transplantation-pediatric-unit
#15
Sofia Deuchande, Tânia Mano, Cristina Novais, Rute Machado, Rosário Stone, Margarida Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Peritoneal dialysis is the dialytic method of choice in chronic end-stage renal disease in children. This study main purpose was to characterize the long-term survival of a pediatric population who began peritoneal dialysis within the first two years of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive and retrospective study was performed in a portuguese nephrology and renal transplantation pediatric unit, between January 1991 and August 2014. End-stage renal disease etiology, mortality, comorbidities and complications of peritoneal dialysis and end-stage renal disease, growth and psychomotor development were evaluated...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058006/paraurethral-cyst-with-multiple-stones-a-rare-case-report
#16
Gaurav Prakash, Shreya Karan, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Sangeeta Karan
Paraurethral cyst is a benign cystic disorder of anterior vaginal wall. Many secondary complications have been described in literature, but stone formation in the cyst is a rare phenomenon. We are reporting a case of a 35-year-old multiparous woman who presented with lower urinary tract symptoms, dysuria, and dyspareunia. She was diagnosed as a case of the paraurethral cyst with stones and was managed successfully. Various differential diagnoses have been suggested, most important being urethral diverticulum, ruled out by urethroscopy...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057997/male-urethral-diverticulum-uncommon-entity-our-experience
#17
Naveen Thakur, Vilas Pandurang Sabale, Deepak Mane, Abhirudra Mullay
Out pouching of the urethral wall could be congenital or acquired. Male urethral diverticulum (UD) is a rare entity. We present 2 cases of acquired and 1 case of congenital male UD. Case 1A: 40 year male presented with SPC and dribbling urine. Clinically he had hard perineal swelling. RGU revealed large diverticulum in proximal bulbar, irregular narrow distal urethra and stricture just beyond diverticulum. Managed with perineal exploration, stone removal, diverticulum repair and urethroplasty using excess diverticular wall...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057987/factors-predicting-infectious-complications-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#18
Kuldeep Sharma, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Apul Goel, Vishwajeet Singh, Pradeep Sharma, Yogesh Garg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of infectious complications following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in a prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 332 patients with renal or upper ureteric calculi who underwent PCNL between January 2013 and June 2014 were included in the study. Infectious complications included febrile urinary tract infection and septicemia. The patients were divided into Group A and B depending on whether they developed or did not develop infectious complications...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056318/-clinical-characteristics-of-adult-onset-primary-hypoparathyroidism-a-retrospective-analysis-of-200-cases
#19
T T Quan, Y P Li, O Wang, Y Jiang, W B Xia, M Li, X Q Cheng, X W Meng, X P Xing
Objective: To study the clinical characteristics of primary hypoparathyroidism in adults. Methods: The clinical data of 200 cases with adult-onset primary hypoparathyroidism in Peking Union Medical College Hospital during December 1987 to December 2015 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 128 cases were followed up for a median period of 3 years. Results: The major manifestations at their first visits were tetany and numbness in the distal extremities(81.5%, 163/200 and 62.0%, 124/200). Thirty-two percent of the cases (62 cases) had history of seizures, and 60...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052698/variation-coefficient-of-stone-density-a-novel-predictor-of-the-outcome-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy
#20
Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Takashi Iguchi, Satoshi Nishizawa, Akinori Iba, Kazuro Kikkawa, Isao Hara
OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies have indicated that stone heterogeneity can affect shock wave lithotripsy outcomes, there is no established measurement of stone heterogeneity on computed tomography imagery. We investigated whether variation coefficient of stone density can predict shock wave success. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 245 patients with urinary calculi who had undergone shock wave lithotripsy. We compared the predictive powers of treatment success between variation coefficient of stone density and other parameters associated with computed tomography attenuation...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Endourology
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