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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628669/variation-in-the-practice-of-central-venous-catheter-and-chest-tube-insertions-among-surgery-residents
#1
Edward Eun Cho, Elizabeth Bevilacqua, Jeffrey Brewer, James Hassett, Weidun Alan Guo
Objectives: Central venous catheter (CVC) and chest tube (CT) insertions are common bedside procedures frequently performed by surgery residents. Despite published guidelines, variability in the practice exists. We sought to characterize the surgery residents' practice patterns surrounding these two bedside procedures. Materials and Methods: Over the last 1½ months of the academic year in 2012 and 2013, surgery residents across the US were surveyed online. Participants reported levels of agreement for 15 questions in a 5-point Likert scale format...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628414/catheter-related-venous-thrombosis-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-incidence-characteristics-and-role-of-anticoagulant-thromboprophylaxis-with-enoxaparin
#2
Carrie E Diamond, Carole Hennessey, Jennifer Meldau, Christine J Guelcher, Michael F Guerrera, Laurie S Conklin, Karun V Sharma, Yaser A Diab
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and characteristics of central venous catheter (CVC)-related thrombosis in hospitalized pediatric patients with active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and report the potential usefulness of anticoagulant thromboprophylaxis (AT). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who were admitted to our children's hospital in the last 2 years with active IBD and required a CVC and identified all patients with an objectively confirmed symptomatic CVC-related thrombosis...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611180/antimicrobial-lock-solutions-for-preventing-catheter-related-infections-in-haemodialysis
#3
REVIEW
Maria C Arechabala, Maria I Catoni, Juan Carlos Claro, Noelia P Rojas, Miriam E Rubio, Mario A Calvo, Luz M Letelier
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD) through a central venous catheter (CVC) are exposed to several risks, being a catheter-related infection (CRI) and a CVC lumen thrombosis among the most serious. Standard of care regarding CVCs includes their sealing with heparin lock solutions to prevent catheter lumen thrombosis. Other lock solutions to prevent CRI, such as antimicrobial lock solutions, have proven useful with antibiotics solutions, but not as yet for non-antibiotic antimicrobial solutions...
April 3, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607221/a-rare-central-venous-catheter-malposition-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#4
Ali Movafegh, Alireza Saliminia, Reza Atef-Yekta, Omid Azimaraghi
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are placed in operating rooms worldwide via different approaches. Like any other medical procedure, CVC placement can cause a variety of complications. We report the case of an unexpected malposition of a catheter in the right internal jugular vein, where it looped back on itself during placement and went upward into the right internal jugular vein. CVC line placement should always be viewed as a procedure that could become complicated, even in the hands of the most experienced operators...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605397/venous-thromboembolism-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Gary M Woods, Ruchika Sharma, Susan Creary, Sarah O'Brien, Joseph Stanek, Kan Hor, Jennifer Young, Amy L Dunn, Riten Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To describe the cumulative incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) followed at a single institution and report on the risk factors associated with VTE development. STUDY DESIGN: Charts for all patients with SCD, aged 0-21 years, followed at Nationwide Children's Hospital over a 6-year period (January 1, 2009, to January 31, 2015) were reviewed. Data on VTE diagnosis, sex, body mass index/weight-for-length, SCD genotype, SCD clinical complications, central venous catheter (CVC) placement, and thrombophilia testing were collected...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602488/femoral-arterial-and-central-venous-catheters-in-the-trauma-resuscitation-room
#6
S R Hamada, M Fromentin, M Ronot, T Gauss, A Harrois, J Duranteau, C Paugam-Burtz
BACKGROUND: Arterial and central venous femoral catheters (fAC-CVC) use during the initial management of severe trauma patients is not a standard technique in most trauma centers. Arguments in favor of their use are: continuous monitoring of blood pressure, safe drug administration, easy blood sampling and potentially large bore venous access. The lack of evidence makes the practice heterogeneous. The aim of the present study was to describe the use and complications of fAC-CVC in the trauma bay in two centers where they are routinely used...
March 23, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549061/impact-of-quickfish-in-addition-to-antimicrobial-stewardship-on-vancomycin-use-and-resource-utilization-in-cancer-patients-with-coagulase-negative-staphylococcal-blood-cultures
#7
Susan K Seo, Zivile Gedrimaite, Alla Paskovaty, Kenneth Seier, Sejal Morjaria, Nina Cohen, Elyn Riedel, Yi-Wei Tang, N Esther Babady
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of rapidly identifying coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) from positive blood cultures (BC) combined with an established antimicrobial stewardship (AS) program at a tertiary cancer center. METHODS: Cancer patients >=18 years with >=1 positive CoNS BC identified by Staphylococcus QuickFISH®, a peptide nucleic acid fluorescence in situ hybridization assay, between 01/1/13 and 12/31/13 (QuickFISH) were compared to cancer patients >=18 years with CoNS identified via standard microbiologic techniques between 01/01/11 and 12/31/11 (baseline)...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534732/bedside-ultrasound-to-detect-central-venous-catheter-misplacement-and-associated-iatrogenic-complications-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Jasper M Smit, Reinder Raadsen, Michiel J Blans, Manfred Petjak, Peter M Van de Ven, Pieter R Tuinman
BACKGROUND: Insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC) is common practice in critical care medicine. Complications arising from CVC placement are mostly due to a pneumothorax or malposition. Correct position is currently confirmed by chest x-ray, while ultrasonography might be a more suitable option. We performed a meta-analysis of the available studies with the primary aim of synthesizing information regarding detection of CVC-related complications and misplacement using ultrasound (US)...
March 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512818/antibiotics-at-the-time-of-removal-of-central-venous-catheter-to-reduce-morbidity-and-mortality-in-newborn-infants
#9
REVIEW
Rowena L McMullan, Adrienne Gordon
BACKGROUND: Late-onset sepsis is associated with increased rates of mortality and morbidity in newborn infants, in addition to poorer long-term developmental outcomes and increased length of stay and hospital costs. Central line-associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) is the most common cause of late-onset sepsis in hospitalised infants, and prevention of CLABSI is a key objective in neonatal care. Increased frequency of CLABSI around the time of removal of central venous catheters (CVCs) has been reported, and use of antibiotics at the time of removal may reduce the incidence and impact of late-onset sepsis in vulnerable newborn infants...
March 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507532/thromboembolic-events-in-cancer-patients-on-active-treatment-with-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-another-look
#10
Hikmat Abdel-Razeq, Asem Mansour, Hazem Abdulelah, Anas Al-Shwayat, Mohammad Makoseh, Mohammad Ibrahim, Mahmoud Abunasser, Dalia Rimawi, Abeer Al-Rabaiah, Rozan Alfar, Alaa' Abufara, Alaa Ibrahim, Anas Bawaliz, Yousef Ismael
Background: The risk of thromboembolic events is higher among cancer patients, especially in patients undergoing chemotherapy. Cisplatin-based regimens claim to be associated with a very high thromboembolic rate. In this study, we report on our own experience with thrombosis among patients on active cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Methods: Medical records and hospital databases were searched for all the patients treated with any cisplatin-based regimen for any kind of cancer...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497856/variation-in-frequency-of-intraoperative-arterial-central-venous-and-pulmonary-artery-catheter-placement-during-kidney-transplantation-an-analysis-of-invasive-monitoring-trends
#11
Alexander Nagrebetsky, Richard P Dutton, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Richard D Urman
The rapidly increasing number of kidney transplantations warrants assessment of anesthesia care in this patient population. We explored the frequency of arterial catheter (AC), central venous catheter (CVC) and pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) placement during kidney transplantation in the USA using data from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry (NACOR) and assessed the between-facility variation in the frequency of catheter placement. We defined cases of kidney transplantation using Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Clinical Classification Software...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472415/cluster-randomized-trial-of-devices-to-prevent-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection
#12
Steven M Brunelli, David B Van Wyck, Levi Njord, Robert J Ziebol, Laurie E Lynch, Douglas P Killion
Central venous catheters (CVCs) contribute disproportionately to bloodstream infection (BSI) and, by extension, to infection-related hospitalization, mortality, and health care costs in patients undergoing dialysis. Recent product advancements may reduce BSIs, but a sufficiently powered comparative-effectiveness study is needed to facilitate evidence-based patient care decisions. In a 13-month, prospective, cluster-randomized, open-label trial, we compared BSI rates in facilities using ClearGuard HD antimicrobial barrier caps (ClearGuard group) with those in facilities using Tego hemodialysis connectors plus Curos disinfecting caps (Tego+Curos group)...
April 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435452/superior-vena-cava-svc-endovascular-reconstruction-with-implanted-central-venous-catheter-repositioning-for-treatment-of-malignant-svc-obstruction
#13
Stephanie Volpi, Francesco Doenz, Salah D Qanadli
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a group of clinical signs caused by the obstruction or compression of SVC and characterized by edema of the head, neck, and upper extremities, shortness of breath, and headaches. The syndrome may be caused by benign causes but most of the cases are caused by lung or mediastinal malignant tumors. Stenting of SVC has become widely accepted as the palliative treatment for this condition in malignant diseases, as it offers rapid relief of symptoms and improves the quality of life...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404186/a-rare-vascular-anomaly-during-central-venous-catheterization-a-persistent-left-sided-superior-vena-cava
#14
Kutlay Aydın, Murat Emre Tokur, Begüm Ergan
A persistent left-sided superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most frequent abnormality of the venous system; however, it is not a very well-known variation among physicians. Herein we report the case of a patient with a PLSVC who was diagnosed after central venous catheterization (CVC). An 80-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room with cardiopulmonary arrest. After the return of spontaneous circulation, CVC was blindly performed from the left jugular vein without any complications. However, routine chest X-ray after catheterization revealed that the catheter was moving down directly to the left heart...
January 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335023/early-neonatal-glutaric-aciduria-type-i-hidden-by-perinatal-asphyxia-a-case-report
#15
Giacomo Biasucci, Nicola Morelli, Federica Natacci, Massimo Mastrangelo
BACKGROUND: Perinatal asphyxia (PA) occurs in about 2 to 10 per 1000 live full-term births. Although neonatal epileptic seizures are observed in up to 60% of cases, PA may mimic or subtend other conditions. Hypoxia related brain injury is particularly relevant, as it may have permanent effects on neuropsychomotor development. Antepartum obstetric conditions, may, in turn, lead to hypoxic-ischemic damage to the fetus and the newborn, often underlying PA. Herein, a case of PA that hid and triggered signs and symptoms of Glutaric Aciduria type I (GA-I), is reported...
January 15, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325218/equal-candida-score-an-ecmm-score-derived-from-current-guidelines-to-measure-quality-of-clinical-candidaemia-management
#16
Sibylle C Mellinghoff, Martin Hoenigl, Philipp Koehler, Anil Kumar, Katrien Lagrou, Cornelia Lass-Flörl, Jacques F Meis, Vidya Menon, Riina Rautemaa-Richardson, Oliver A Cornely
Candida species frequently cause blood stream infections and are reported to be the third to tenth most commonly isolated pathogens. Guidelines and standardised treatment algorithms provided by professional organisations aim to facilitate decision-making regarding diagnosis, management and treatment of candidaemia. In routine clinical practise, however, it may be challenging to comply with these guidelines. The reasons include lack of familiarity or feasibility to adherence, but also their length and complexity...
January 11, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300282/meta-analysis-of-surgeon-performed-central-line-placement-real-time-ultrasound-versus-landmark-technique
#17
Lori A Gurien, Martin L Blakely, Marie C Crandall, Cameron Schlegel, Mallikarjuna R Rettiganti, Marie E Saylors, Daniel J France, Shilo Anders, Sheila L Thomas, Melvin S Dassinger
BACKGROUND: Major health care agencies recommend real-time ultrasound (RTUS) guidance during insertion of percutaneous central venous catheters (CVC) based on studies in which CVCs were placed by nonsurgeons. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare outcomes for surgeon-performed RTUS-guided CVC insertion versus traditional landmark technique. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed, identifying randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective "safety studies" of surgeon-performed CVC insertions comparing landmark to RTUS techniques...
April 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279646/malpositioning-of-central-venous-catheter-from-right-to-left-subclavian-vein-a-rare-complication
#18
P Rajendra Takhar, Bunkar Motilal, Arya Savita
Invasive monitoring with central venous catheter (CVC) is a valuable tool now a day in Intensive Care Units and in postoperative hemodynamically unstable patients. It is often employed for administering medications and parenteral nutrition. In most of the instances, these catheters are inserted using proper topographical landmarks and ultrasonography-guided methods. Central venous cannulation is associated now and then with unexpected complications despite the use of all precautions and help of imaging techniques...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222036/central-and-peripheral-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-australian-neonatal-and-paediatric-intensive-care-units-findings-from-a-comprehensive-victorian-surveillance-network-2008-2016
#19
L J Worth, A J Daley, T Spelman, A L Bull, J A Brett, M J Richards
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections in neonatal and paediatric populations are associated with poorer outcomes and healthcare costs, and surveillance is a necessary component of prevention programmes. AIM: To evaluate burden of illness, aetiology, and time-trends for central and peripheral line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI and PLABSI) in Australian neonatal and paediatric intensive care units (ICUs) between July 1st , 2008 and December 31st , 2016...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221340/sudden-hypotension-occurring-after-4-days-of-left-sided-central-catheter-placement
#20
Youn-Jung Kim, Won Young Kim
Central venous catheters (CVCs) have an important role in the management of critically ill patients. In contrast to the immediate complications after CVC insertion, the late complications were difficult to be noticed without high suspicion despite their life-threatening outcome. We report a rare but fatal delayed vascular perforation occurring after 4 days of left-sided hemodialysis catheter insertion. A 74-year-old male with septic shock was treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and recovered smoothly during hospitalization...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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