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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785914/fermented-camel-milk-prevents-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-injury-in-kidney-of-mice
#1
Houda Hamed, Manel Gargouri, Salha Boulila, Fatma Chaari, Ferdaws Ghrab, Rim Kallel, Zied Ghannoudi, Tahia Boudawara, Semia Chaabouni, Abdelfattah El Feki, Ahmed Gargouri
Fermented milk is known to possess potent antioxidant activity. The present study was undertaken to assess the preventive effect of fermented camel milk (FCM) prepared using lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris against CCl4 induced kidney damage in mice. Nephrotoxicity was induced in mice by a single dose of CCl4 (10 ml/kg 0·3% olive oil, ip). Female mice were pretreated daily with FCM for 15 d. Renal damage was associated with an increase in oxidative stress parameters (lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl and changes in antioxidant enzyme activities and non-enzymatic antioxidant) and nephropathology markers...
May 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785503/prolonged-forearm-ischemia-attenuates-endothelium-dependent-vasodilatation-and-plasma-nitric-oxide-metabolites-in-overweight-middle-aged-men
#2
Zainie Aboo Bakkar, Jonathan Fulford, Phillip E Gates, Sarah R Jackman, Andrew M Jones, Bert Bond, Joanna L Bowtell
PURPOSE: Repeated cycles of endothelial ischemia-reperfusion injury and the resulting respiratory burst contribute to the irreversible pathophysiology of vascular diseases, and yet, the effects of ischemia reperfusion on vascular function, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability have not been assessed simultaneously. Therefore, this study sought to examine the effects of prolonged forearm occlusion and subsequent reperfusion on NO-dependent brachial artery endothelial function...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783176/%C3%AF-3-and-folic-acid-act-against-depressive-like-behavior-and-oxidative-damage-in-the-brain-of-rats-subjected-to-early-or-late-life-stress
#3
Gislaine Z Réus, Amanda L Maciel, Helena M Abelaira, Airam B de Moura, Thays G de Souza, Thais R Dos Santos, Ana Caroline Darabas, Murilo Parzianello, Danyela Matos, Mariane Abatti, Ana Carolina Vieira, Vanessa Fucillini, Monique Michels, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, João Quevedo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antidepressant and antioxidant effects of omega-3, folic acid and n-acetylcysteine (NAC) in rats which were subjected to early or late life stress. METHODS: Early stress was induced through maternal deprivation (MD), while late life stress was induced using the chronic mild stress (CMS) protocol. Young rats which were subjected to MD and the adult rats which were subjected to CMS were treated with omega-3 fatty acids (0.72 g/kg), NAC (20 mg/kg) or folic acid (50 mg/kg) once/day, for a period of 20 days...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782990/a-certain-role-of-sod-cat-imbalance-in-pathogenesis-of-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Konstantin Yenkoyan, Hayk Harutyunyan, Aida Harutyunyan
The real impact of reactive oxygen species, antioxidant enzymes, mitochondrial dysfunction and chronic inflammation on the development of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) remains unclear, and even controversial. In this study we compared the plasma levels of antioxidant enzymes and their cofactors, markers of oxidative damage, and the respiratory burst in peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) as surrogate marker of chronic inflammation obtained from 10 children (4-10 year old) who met DSM-5 criteria and their siblings...
May 18, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782986/antiglycation-study-of-hmg-r-inhibitors-and-tocotrienol-against-glycated-bsa-and-ldl-a-comparative-study
#5
Rabia Nabi, Sahir Sultan Alvi, Rizwan Khan, Shafeeque Ahmad, Saheem Ahmad, M Salman Khan
Non-enzymatic glycation mediated advanced glycation end products (AGEs) generation results in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) which is greatly influenced by 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl Co-A reductase (HMG-R) activity. HMG-R inhibitors, statins, are well known for reducing mortality and morbidity of ASCVD in patients with diabetes due to their pleiotropic effects independent of cholesterol lowering. Due to distinct chemical structures, various statins may play important role in the inhibition of AGEs mediated pathologies...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782958/changes-in-behavioural-parameters-oxidative-stress-and-neurotrophins-in-the-brain-of-adult-offspring-induced-to-an-animal-model-of-schizophrenia-the-effects-of-fa-deficient-or-fa-supplemented-diet-during-the-neurodevelopmental-phase
#6
L Canever, T G Freire, G A Mastella, L Damázio, S Gomes, I Fachim, C Michels, G Carvalho, A K Godói, B R Peterle, F F Gava, S Valvassori Sda, J Budni, J Quevedo, A I Zugno
A deficiency of maternal folic acid (FA) can compromise the function and development of the brain, and may produce a susceptibility to diseases such as schizophrenia (SZ) in the later life of offspring. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of both FA deficient and FA supplemented diets during gestation and lactation on behavioural parameters, the markers of oxidative stress and neurotrophic factors in adult offspring which had been subjected to an animal model of SZ. Female mother rats (Dam's) were separated into experimental maternal groups, which began receiving a special diet (food) consisting of the AIN-93 diet, a control diet, or an FA deficient diet during the periods of pregnancy and lactation...
May 18, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779015/origin-and-pathophysiology-of-protein-carbonylation-nitration-and-chlorination-in-age-related-brain-diseases-and-aging
#7
Efstathios S Gonos, Marianna Kapetanou, Jolanta Sereikaite, Grzegorz Bartosz, Katarzyna Naparło, Michalina Grzesik, Izabela Sadowska-Bartosz
Non-enzymatic protein modifications occur inevitably in all living systems. Products of such modifications accumulate during aging of cells and organisms and may contribute to their age-related functional deterioration. This review presents the formation of irreversible protein modifications such as carbonylation, nitration and chlorination, modifications by 4-hydroxynonenal, removal of modified proteins and accumulation of these protein modifications during aging of humans and model organisms, and their enhanced accumulation in age-related brain diseases...
May 17, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775890/triterpenic-acids-enriched-fraction-from-cyclocarya-paliurus-attenuates-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-via-improving-oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#8
Meng-Ge Zhao, Xue-Ping Sheng, Ya-Ping Huang, Yi-Ting Wang, Cui-Hua Jiang, Jian Zhang, Zhi-Qi Yin
The effects of triterpenic acids-enriched fraction from Cyclocarya paliurus (CPT) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were investigated using in vivo and in vitro models. In high fat diet-induced Wister rats, CPT significantly increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio, reduced malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PCO) levels. Moreover, CPT restored mitochondrial membrane potential dysfunction, decreased cytochrome P450 enzyme 2E1 (CYP2E1) activity, improved nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and Nrf2-mediated antioxidant enzyme heme oxygenase1 (HO-1) expression...
May 15, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775722/inflammatory-and-oxidative-mechanisms-potentiate-bifenthrin-induced-neurological-alterations-and-anxiety-like-behavior-in-adult-rats
#9
Brahim Gargouri, Harsharan S Bhatia, Michèle Bouchard, Bernd L Fiebich, Hamadi Fetoui
Bifenthrin (BF) is a synthetic pyrethroid pesticide widely used in several countries to manage insect pests on diverse agricultural crops. Growing evidence indicates that BF exposure is associated with an increased risk of developing neurodegenerative disorders. However, the mechanisms by which BF induces neurological and anxiety alterations in the frontal cortex and striatum are not well known. The present in vivo study was carried out to determine whether reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative stress (OS) and neuroinflammation are involved in such alterations...
May 15, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773003/antioxidant-action-of-an-aqueous-extract-of-royal-sun-medicinal-mushroom-agaricus-brasiliensis-agaricomycetes-in-rats-with-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#10
Aline Cristine da Silva de Souza, Geferson de Almeida Gonсalves, Andréia Assunсão Soares, Anacharis B de Sá-Nakanishi, Ana Paula de Santi-Rampazzo, Maria Raquel Marсal Natali, Rosane Marina Peralta, Adelar Bracht
The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible effects of the administration of an aqueous Agaricus brasiliensis extract on the oxidative state of the liver, brain, and plasma in adjuvant-induced arthritic rats, a model for human rheumatoid arthritis. Daily doses of 400 mg · kg-1 were administered by gavage for 23 days. This treatment produced significant diminutions in protein carbonylation and lipid damage in the liver, brain, and plasma. It also diminished the tissue reactive oxygen species and increased the antioxidant capacity of the plasma...
2018: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772457/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-metabolic-investigation-of-the-palbociclib-by-uhplc-q-tof-ms-ms-and-in-silico-toxicity-studies-of-its-metabolites
#11
Balasaheb B Chavan, Shristy Tiwari, Shankar G, Rakesh D Nimbalkar, Prabha Garg, Srinivas R, M V N Kumar Talluri
Palbociclib (PAB) is a CDK4/6 inhibitor and U. S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval for the treatment of hormone receptor (HR) positive, metastatic breast cancer in combination with an aromatase inhibitor in postmenopausal women. Metabolite identification is a crucial aspect during drug discovery and development as the drug metabolites may be pharmacologically active or possess toxicological activity. As there are no reports on the metabolism studies of the PAB, the present study focused on investigation of the in vitro and in vivo metabolic fate of the drug...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772305/jatrophane-diterpenoids-from-euphorbia-helioscopia-and-their-lipid-lowering-activities
#12
Jun Li, Hui-Hui Li, Wen-Qiong Wang, Wei-Bin Song, Yi-Ping Wang, Li-Jiang Xuan
The phytochemical study of Euphorbia helioscopia led to the isolation of 33 jatrophane diterpenoids (1-33), of which six (1-6) were new. This small jatrophane library was established to screen for potential lipid modulators. LDL-Uptake screening assay demonstrated that most of them improved LDL-Uptake rate in HepG2 cells, with compounds 16, 21 and 26 exhibiting more outstanding effects. Further exploration found that these three compounds could increase LDLR protein level in HepG2 cells dose-dependently. SAR studies suggested that substituted patterns of C-9, steric hindrance between C-14 and C-15, and the long conjugated fragment from C-5 to the carbonyl (C-9) were essential for the activity...
May 14, 2018: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768055/age-related-effect-of-aerobic-exercise-training-on-antioxidant-and-oxidative-markers-in-the-liver-challenged-by-doxorubicin-in-rats
#13
Mehdi Ahmadian, Valiollah Dabidi Roshan, Anthony S Leicht
The aims of the current study were to investigate the oxidant and antioxidant status of liver tissue challenged by doxorubicin and to examine the possible protective effects of aerobic exercise on doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress. Seventy-two rats were divided into three age groups (Young, Adult, and Elderly) with three treatment subgroups consisting of eight rats per age group: doxorubicin, aerobic exercise + doxorubicin, and aerobic exercise + saline. The experimental groups performed regular treadmill running for 3 weeks...
May 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766801/naringenin-and-its-nano-formulations-for-fatty-liver-cellular-modes-of-action-and-clinical-perspective
#14
Mahdi Zobeiri, Tarun Belwal, Fatemeh Parvizi, Rozita Naseri, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Antoni Sureda, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease mainly caused by high fat diets and sudden feed changes, vitamin and energy deficiency, and inflammatory processes. Fatty liver leads to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma as well as liver failure. Lifestyle-modifying such as weight loss and healthy diet have an inverse correlation with the risk of fatty liver. The promising effect of a diet rich in vegetables and fruits against fatty liver has been evidenced by several empirical studies focused on flavonoids...
May 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765333/beneficial-effects-of-elderly-tailored-mediterranean-diet-on-the-proteasomal-proteolysis
#15
Sophia Athanasopoulou, Niki Chondrogianni, Aurelia Santoro, Konstantina Asimaki, Vasiliki Delitsikou, Konstantinos Voutetakis, Cristina Fabbri, Barbara Pietruszka, Joanna Kaluza, Claudio Franceschi, Efstathios S Gonos
Aging is a multifactorial process characterized by the accumulation of proteins undergoing oxidative modifications, either due to enhanced levels of oxidative stress or due to their decreased clearance; both facts are related to the establishment of chronic inflammatory processes. These processes are directly associated with functional and structural modifications of a key cellular component, namely the proteasome. In this study, levels of oxidized proteins, along with proteasome and immunoproteasome composition and activity on a selected group of 120 elderly volunteers were analyzed before and after the administration of a specific dietary protocol, based on an elderly tailored Mediterranean diet (the "NU-AGE diet")...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764335/comparative-bioaccumulation-and-effects-of-purified-and-cellular-extract-of-cylindrospermopsin-to-freshwater-fish-hoplias-malabaricus
#16
Rodrigo de Cássio da Silva, Sonia Regina Grötzner, Daniele Dietrich Moura Costa, Juan Ramón Esquivel Garcia, Juan Muelbert, Valéria Freitas de Magalhães, Francisco Filipak Neto, Ciro Alberto de Oliveira Ribeiro
Many tropical freshwater ecosystems are impacted by cyanobacteria blooms increasing the risk of cyanotoxins exposure to aquatic organisms while human populations may be exposed by eating fish, drinking water, or dermal swimming. However, few toxicological data are available on the influence of cyanobacteria blooms in particular, cylindrospermopsin (CYN) on Brazilian neotropical fish. A number of studies demonstrated the ability of CYN to bioaccumulate in freshwater organisms and consequently enter the human food chain...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763691/insights-on-the-age-dependent-neurodegeneration-induced-by-monocrotophos-an-organophosphorous-insecticide-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-fed-high-glucose-evidence-in-wild-and-transgenic-strains
#17
Chinnu Salim, Nidheesh Thadathil, M Muralidhara, P S Rajini
The higher susceptibility of high glucose fed C. elegans to Monocrotophos (MCP, an organophosphorus insecticide) - induced dopaminergic (DA) neuronal degeneration was recently demonstrated. Employing this acute exposure model, the impact of MCP on DA degeneration among worms of two age groups (8 and 13 d old) fed control (CO) and high glucose (GF) diet with specific focus on phenotypic alterations, oxidative impairments and associated molecular perturbations employing both wild (N2) and transgenic strains(BZ555 and NL5901) was investigated...
May 12, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756964/a%C3%A3-ai-improves-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-induced-by-fructose
#18
Mayara Medeiros de Freitas Carvalho, Larissa Lélis Teixeira Reis, Juliana Márcia Macedo Lopes, Nara Nunes Lage, Joyce Ferreira da Costa Guerra, Helena Porto Zago, Larissa De Freitas Bonomo, Renata Rebeca Pereira, Wanderson Geraldo de Lima, Marcelo Eustáquio Silva, Maria Lucia Pedrosa
INTRODUCTION: the excessive consumption of fructose can cause liver damage, characteristic of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associated with changes in lipid metabolism and antioxidant defenses. Açai, the fruit of Euterpe oleraceaMart., has demonstrated numerous biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and lipid metabolism modulating action. OBJECTIVE: we evaluated the benefits of açai supplementation on liver damage caused by replacing starch with fructose in rats...
February 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754332/differential-correlations-between-changes-to-glutathione-redox-state-protein-ubiquitination-and-stress-inducible-hspa-chaperone-expression-after-different-types-of-oxidative-stress
#19
Pierre-Marie Girard, Nathalie Peynot, Jean-Marc Lelièvre
In primary bovine fibroblasts with an hspa1b/luciferase transgene, we examined the intensity of heat-shock response (HSR) following four types of oxidative stress or heat stress (HS), and its putative relationship with changes to different cell parameters, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), the redox status of the key molecules glutathione (GSH), NADP(H) NAD(H), and the post-translational protein modifications carbonylation, S-glutathionylation, and ubiquitination. We determined the sub-lethal condition generating the maximal luciferase activity and inducible HSPA protein level for treatments with hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), UVA-induced oxygen photo-activation, the superoxide-generating agent menadione (MN), and diamide (DA), an electrophilic and sulfhydryl reagent...
May 12, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751329/determination-of-metals-and-pharmaceutical-compounds-released-in-hospital-wastewater-from-toluca-mexico-and-evaluation-of-their-toxic-impact
#20
Itzayana Pérez-Alvarez, Hariz Islas-Flores, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván, Damià Barceló, Miren López De Alda, Sandra Pérez Solsona, Livier Sánchez-Aceves, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Marcela Galar-Martínez
Due to the activities inherent to medical care units, the hospital effluent released contains diverse contaminants such as tensoactives, disinfectants, metals, pharmaceutical products and chemical reagents, which are potentially toxic to the environment since they receive no treatment or are not effectively removed by such treatment before entering the drain. They are incorporated into municipal wastewater, eventually entering water bodies where they can have harmful effects on organisms and can result in ecological damage...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
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