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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325182/-cannabis-in-parkinson-s-disease-hype-or-help
#1
Tina Mainka, Jan Stork, Ute Hidding, Carsten Buhmann
Cannabis buds and extracts as well as synthetic cannabinoids have been available on prescription to patients with severe diseases since March 2017, with the costs covered by health insurance companies.The prescription of medical marihuana is not restricted to specific symptoms and is therefore also valid for patients with Parkinson's disease. From a legal perspective, patients who are seriously ill even have the right to be treated with cannabis if standard treatment methods are unsuccessful or result in unbearable side effects...
January 11, 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324465/medical-marijuana-facts-and-questions
#2
Sushilkumar S Gupta, Vinod Namana, Paurush Ambesh, Sanjana Kapoor, Anna A Abbasi, Stephan L Kamholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321937/marijuana-bong-pseudomonas-lung-infection-a-detrimental-recreational-experience
#3
Agni Nhirmal Kumar, Chun Ian Soo, Boon Hau Ng, Tidi Hassan, Andrea Yu-Lin Ban, Roslina Abdul Manap
The use of Cannabis sativa, also known as marijuana, is believed to have dated back to thousands of years B.C. More than 200 decades later, it remains a popular recreational psychoactive substance that can be smoked through a water pipe. We report a case of marijuana smoking via a "bong" device, which has resulted in severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa necrotizing pneumonia treated with conservative medical therapy. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that life-threatening pneumonia can potentially be linked to marijuana and "bong" usage...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312837/recreational-marijuana-use-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-nationwide-inpatient-sample-in-the-united-states
#4
Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Parth Amin, Rushikkumar Bhuva, Malav S Patel, Nitin Sharma, Manan Shah, Smit Patel, Sejal Savani, Neha Batra, Gautam Kumar
Background Marijuana is a widely used recreational substance. Few cases have been reported of acute myocardial infarction following marijuana use. To our knowledge, this is the first ever study analyzing the lifetime odds of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with marijuana use and the outcomes in AMI patients with versus without marijuana use. Methods We queried the 2010-2014 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for 11-70-year-old AMI patients. Pearson Chi-square test for categorical variables and Student T-test for continuous variables were used to compare the baseline demographic and hospital characteristics between two groups (without vs...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303392/examination-of-market-segmentation-among-medical-marijuana-dispensaries
#5
Alexis Cooke, Bridget Freisthler, Elycia Mulholland
BACKGROUND: As medical marijuana legislation becomes more common, concerns arise about the overconcentration of dispensaries, raising questions about the number of medicinal marijuana dispensaries (MMD) needed to serve medicinal users. OBJECTIVES: This paper applies niche-marketing theory-which suggests dispensaries market to specific types of people-to examine if MMDs might be targeting recreational users. Observed differences between dispensary populations and between dispensary clients and local residents may indicate that dispensaries are drawing in patients based on factors other than medical need...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302228/cannabis-cannabinoids-and-health
#6
Genevieve Lafaye, Laurent Karila, Lisa Blecha, Amine Benyamina
Cannabis (also known as marijuana) is the most frequently used illicit psychoactive substance in the world. Though it was long considered to be a "soft" drug, studies have proven the harmful psychiatric and addictive effects associated with its use. A number of elements are responsible for the increased complications of cannabis use, including the increase in the potency of cannabis and an evolution in the ratio between the two primary components, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) and cannabidiol (toward a higher proportion of Δ9-THC), Synthetic cannabinoid (SC) use has rapidly progressed over the last few years, primarily among frequent cannabis users, because SCs provide similar psychoactive effects to cannabis...
September 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282704/diet-medication-use-and-drug-intake-during-pregnancy-data-from-the-consecutive-swiss-health-surveys-of-2007-and-2012
#7
Cornelia Bornhauser, Katharina Quack Lötscher, Burkhardt Seifert, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to gain knowledge on the health status of pregnant women in Switzerland, especially their attitude to and decisions about diet, use of medication and consumption of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco. METHODS: Data collected by the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012 on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics (including nutrition), type and intake of medication, use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs of the female population were analysed...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277409/the-geography-of-crime-and-violence-surrounding-tobacco-shops-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-and-off-sale-alcohol-outlets-in-a-large-urban-low-income-community-of-color
#8
Andrew M Subica, Jason A Douglas, Nancy J Kepple, Sandra Villanueva, Cheryl T Grills
Tobacco shops, medical marijuana dispensaries (MMD), and off-sale alcohol outlets are legal and prevalent in South Los Angeles, California-a high-crime, low-income urban community of color. This research is the first to explore the geographic associations between these three legal drug outlets with surrounding crime and violence in a large low-income urban community of color. First, spatial buffer analyses were performed using point-location and publically accessible January-December 2014 crime data to examine the geography of all felony property and violent crimes occurring within 100, 200, 500, and 1000-foot buffers of these three legal drug outlet types across South Los Angeles...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273844/attitudes-perceptions-and-use-of-marijuana-in-youth-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
J Nicholas Brenton, Teri Schreiner, Krystle Karoscik, Meg Richter, Samantha Ferrante, Amy Waldman, Brenda Banwell
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a negative impact on cognition and brain volume in marijuana-using adult multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and healthy adolescents. Given that onset of MS during childhood and adolescence negatively impacts brain growth and the normal maturation of neuronal networks, the addition of marijuana exposure in these youth may be even more harmful. OBJECTIVE: Determine attitudes toward and prevalence of recreational marijuana use in MS youth...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247863/becoming-a-medical-marijuana-user
#10
Stephen E Lankenau, Avat Kioumarsi, Megan Reed, Miles McNeeley, Ellen Iverson, Carolyn F Wong
BACKGROUND: Since marijuana became legal for medical use in California in 1996, reasons for medical use among medical marijuana patients (MMP) have become increasingly well described in qualitative studies. However, few studies have detailed how the use of marijuana for medical purposes fits into the broader career trajectories of either becoming a marijuana user or becoming a MMP, including the social influences on medical use. METHODS: Young adult MMP (N=40) aged 18 to 26 years old were recruited in Los Angeles, CA in 2014-15 and administered a semi-structured interview that included questions focusing on marijuana use practices before and after becoming MMP...
December 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233937/provider-perspectives-on-use-of-medical-marijuana-in-children-with-cancer
#11
Prasanna Ananth, Clement Ma, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Leah Kroon, Victoria Klein, Claire Wharton, Elise Hallez, Ilana Braun, Kelly Michelson, Abby R Rosenberg, Wendy London, Joanne Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Although medical marijuana (MM) may have utility in the supportive care of children with serious illness, it remains controversial. We investigated interdisciplinary provider perspectives on legal MM use in children with cancer. METHODS: We sent a 32-item, cross-sectional survey to 654 pediatric oncology providers in Illinois, Massachusetts, and Washington characterizing MM practices, knowledge, attitudes, and barriers. Forty-eight percent responded; 44% (n = 288) were included in analyses...
December 12, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230888/the-status-of-support-for-cannabis-regulation-in-uruguay-4-years-after-reform-evidence-from-public-opinion-surveys
#12
José Miguel Cruz, Maria Fernanda Boidi, Rosario Queirolo
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The objective of this study was to measure the public support for marijuana legalisation in Uruguay, both overall and in its provisions, in nearly 4 years after its implementation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three separate cross-national surveys were conducted in early 2014, late 2015 and mid-2017 with national representative samples of adults. The first study was carried out during the initial months of implementation of the law and used face-to-face interviews (N = 1490); the second survey was conducted using a computer-assisted telephone interviewing system (N = 703); and the third study (N = 1515), using face-to-face interviews, was completed just before the implementation of pharmacy sales...
December 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227839/medical-marijuana-laws-and-adolescent-use-of-marijuana-and-other-substances-alcohol-cigarettes-prescription-drugs-and-other-illicit-drugs
#13
Magdalena Cerdá, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Tianshu Feng, Katherine M Keyes, Sandro Galea, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND: Historical shifts have taken place in the last twenty years in marijuana policy. The impact of medical marijuana laws (MML) on use of substances other than marijuana is not well understood. We examined the relationship between state MML and use of marijuana, cigarettes, illicit drugs, nonmedical use of prescription opioids, amphetamines, and tranquilizers, as well as binge drinking. METHODS: Pre-post MML difference-in-difference analyses were performed on a nationally representative sample of adolescents in 48 contiguous U...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223915/marijuana-buyers-in-the-united-states-2010-2014
#14
Alejandro Azofeifa, Laura J Sherman, Margaret E Mattson, Rosalie L Pacula
BACKGROUND: Obtaining or purchasing marijuana in the U.S. can be done only in certain states via a lawful market, for medical or non-medical (recreational) purposes, or via an unlawful market ("black market") by home cultivation and unlicensed vendors and individuals. Given the evolving U.S. state marijuana legislation landscape, the objective of this study is to describe individuals who report buying marijuana in the past year by selected characteristics and U.S. geographical location...
December 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223184/older-marijuana-users-marijuana-risk-perceptions-associations-with-marijuana-use-patterns-and-marijuana-and-other-substance-use-disorders
#15
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: Compared to their non-using age peers, older marijuana users are known to have lower marijuana risk perceptions. We examined associations of older marijuana users' risk perceptions with their marijuana use patterns and substance use disorders. METHODS: Data are from 2013 to 2015 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N = 24,057 respondents aged 50+ years). Bivariate logistic regression was used to compare risk perceptions among never users, former users, and past-year users aged 50+ years...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220608/factors-that-differentiate-prescription-stimulant-misusers-from-those-at-risk-for-misuse-expectancies-perceived-safety-and-diversion
#16
Laura J Holt, Alison Looby
BACKGROUND: The nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) is one of the most prevalent illicit behaviors on college campuses. While numerous risk factors for NMUPS have been identified, it is unknown how nonusing students who meet several risk factors for NMUPS differ from those who have used, which may inform intervention efforts. We expected that users would evidence greater cognitive enhancement and anxiety/arousal expectancies and intentions to use, and lower guilt/dependence expectancies, perceptions of NMUPS-related harm, and academic self-efficacy...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218644/cardiovascular-complications-of-marijuana-and-related-substances-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Amitoj Singh, Sajeev Saluja, Akshat Kumar, Sahil Agrawal, Munveer Thind, Sudip Nanda, Jamshid Shirani
The recreational use of cannabis has sharply increased in recent years in parallel with its legalization and decriminalization in several countries. Commonly, the traditional cannabis has been replaced by potent synthetic cannabinoids and cannabimimetics in various forms. Despite overwhelming public perception of the safety of these substances, an increasing number of serious cardiovascular adverse events have been reported in temporal relation to recreational cannabis use. These have included sudden cardiac death, vascular (coronary, cerebral and peripheral) events, arrhythmias and stress cardiomyopathy among others...
December 7, 2017: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202631/vaping-medical-marijuana
#18
Devina Singh, Steven Lippmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202158/therapeutic-value-of-medical-marijuana-in-new-jersey-patients-a-community-partnership-research-endeavor
#19
Tara L Crowell
OBJECTIVE: The Public Health Program at Stockton University partnered with the Compassionate Care Foundation to ascertain the impact of medical marijuana on patients in New Jersey. METHODS: Patients volunteered to complete a survey once a month for 8 months. The survey explored their use, form, and strain of medical marijuana and its influence on pain and 12 other physical and mental health variables. Also, an increase or decrease in other medication taken and any unexpected outcomes were recorded...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201592/understanding-rates-of-marijuana-use-and-consequences-among-adolescents-in-a-changing-legal-landscape
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth J D'Amico, Joan S Tucker, Eric R Pedersen, Regina A Shih
Purpose of Review: There is not one answer to address whether marijuana use has increased, decreased, or stayed the same given changes in state legalization of medical and non-medical marijuana in the USA. Recent Findings: Evidence suggests some health benefits for medical marijuana; however, initiation of marijuana use is a risk factor for developing problem cannabis use. Though use rates have remained stable over recent years, about one in three 10th graders report marijuana use, most adolescents do not view the drug as harmful, and over 650,000 youth aged 12 to 17 struggle with cannabis use disorder...
2017: Current Addiction Reports
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