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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549263/prevalence-reasons-perceived-effects-and-correlates-of-medical-marijuana-use-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Ji-Yeun Park, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: The use of marijuana for medical purposes is now legal in some U.S. states and other jurisdictions, such as Canada, and Israel. Despite the widespread legalization of medical marijuana globally, there is limited information on patterns and correlates of medical marijuana use (MMU). We conducted a literature review to assess prevalence, reasons, perceived effects, and correlates of MMU among adolescents and adults. METHODS: We searched peer-reviewed articles in English between January 1996 and August 2016 from several databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) using different combinations of keywords...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544336/regulation-of-controlled-substance-prescribing-an-overview-for-certified-nurse-midwives-and-certified-midwives
#2
Kathryn Osborne
In addition to the regulation of prescriptive authority and prescribing practices conducted by individual states, the prescription of controlled substances is also regulated at the federal level by the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). While there are variations in state laws relative to controlled substance prescribing, federal law is uniform across states as established by the Controlled Substances Act (21 United States Code § 801-890) and the DEA Regulations (Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537159/uk-should-review-the-ban-on-raw-marijuana
#3
Matt Griffits
Some areas of the US have laws supporting the use of raw marijuana for medical needs, as do certain countries in Europe - medical use is legal under certain conditions in Romania, and medical use of the drug on prescription has been legal since 2013 in the Czech Republic.
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534260/pharmacogenetics-of-cannabinoids
#4
Szymon Hryhorowicz, Michal Walczak, Oliwia Zakerska-Banaszak, Ryszard Słomski, Marzena Skrzypczak-Zielińska
Although the application of medical marijuana and cannabinoid drugs is controversial, it is a part of modern-day medicine. The list of diseases in which cannabinoids are promoted as a treatment is constantly expanding. Cases of significant improvement in patients with a very poor prognosis of glioma or epilepsy have already been described. However, the occurrence of side effects is still difficult to estimate, and the current knowledge of the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids is still insufficient. In our opinion, the answers to many questions and concerns regarding the medical use of cannabis can be provided by pharmacogenetics...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531769/increases-in-prescription-opioid-injection-abuse-among-treatment-admissions-in-the-united-states-2004-2013
#5
Christopher M Jones, Aleta Christensen, R Matthew Gladden
BACKGROUND: The 2015 HIV outbreak in Indiana associated with prescription opioid injection coupled with rising rates of hepatitis C, especially in areas with long-standing opioid abuse, have raised concerns about prescription opioid injection. However, research on this topic is limited. We assessed trends in treatment admissions reporting injection, smoking, and inhalation abuse of prescription opioids and examined characteristics associated with non-oral routes of prescription opioid abuse in the U...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527026/erratum-to-evaluating-the-change-in-medical-marijuana-dispensary-locations-in-los-angeles-following-the-passage-of-local-legislation
#6
Crystal Thomas, Bridget Freisthler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501518/cannabidiol-in-medical-marijuana-research-vistas-and-potential-opportunities
#7
REVIEW
Carola Rong, Yena Lee, Nicole E Carmona, Danielle S Cha, Renee-Marie Ragguett, Joshua D Rosenblat, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger C Ho, Roger S McIntyre
The high and increasing prevalence of medical marijuana consumption in the general population invites the need for quality evidence regarding its safety and efficacy. Herein, we synthesize extant literature pertaining to the phytocannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) and its brain effects. The principle phytocannabinoid Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) and CBD are the major pharmacologically active cannabinoids. The effect of CBD on brain systems as well as on phenomenological measures (e.g. cognitive function) are distinct and in many cases opposite to that of Δ(9)-THC...
May 10, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498005/school-protective-factors-and-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adolescents-in-california-public-schools
#8
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Monica Christina Esqueda, Tamika D Gilreath
PURPOSE: The majority of studies examining substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth have focused on a wide array of risk factors (e.g., victimization). Few studies have explored the protective role of schools. This study aims to fill this gap in the literature and inform programs aimed at reducing substance use among LGB youth. More specifically, this study explores the extent to which school connectedness and support from teachers and other adults at school are associated with substance use among LGB youth in school and within the past 30 days...
June 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489809/cannabis-induced-bullous-lung-disease-leading-to-pneumothorax-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Rashmi Mishra, Ravi Patel, Misbahuddin Khaja
RATIONALE: Marijuana use has been increasing in the United States among college students and young adults. Marijuana use has been associated with bullous lung disease which can lead to pneumothorax. There are other recreational drugs like methylphenidate, cocaine and heroin which have been associated with pneumothorax. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 30-year-old man with spontaneous pneumothorax associated with marijuana use. The patient had no medical conditions and presented to the emergency room with chest pain...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484894/medical-marijuana-legalization-and-marijuana-use-among-youth-in-oregon
#10
Mallie J Paschall, Joel W Grube, Anthony Biglan
While the legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational use has raised concerns about potential influences on marijuana use and beliefs among youth, few empirical studies have addressed this issue. We examined the association between medical marijuana patients and licensed growers per 1000 population in 32 Oregon counties from 2006 to 2015, and marijuana use among youth over the same period. We obtained data on registered medical marijuana patients and licensed growers from the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program and we obtained data on youth marijuana use, perceived parental disapproval, and demographic characteristics from the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482686/medical-marijuana-and-marijuana-legalization
#11
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Rosanna Smart
State-level marijuana liberalization policies have been evolving for the past five decades, and yet the overall scientific evidence of the impact of these policies is widely believed to be inconclusive. In this review we summarize some of the key limitations of the studies evaluating the effects of decriminalization and medical marijuana laws on marijuana use, highlighting their inconsistencies in terms of the heterogeneity of policies, the timing of the evaluations, and the measures of use being considered...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471927/the-experiences-of-medical-marijuana-patients-a-scoping-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#12
Jennie Ryan, Nancy Sharts-Hopko
Medical marijuana is now legal in more than half of the United States but remains federally prohibited and classified as a schedule 1 drug. The chemical compounds in marijuana are known neuroprotectants; however, their clinical efficacy and safety have not been proven. Many healthcare providers remain unaware of the therapeutic potential of marijuana and its adverse effects. The conflicting laws and lack of guidance from healthcare professionals can lead to confusion and frustration for patients seeking this medication...
June 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458268/exploring-the-link-between-substance-use-and-mental-health-status-what-can-we-learn-from-the-self-medication-theory
#13
L Lerissa Smith, Fengxia Yan, Mikayla Charles, Kamal Mohiuddin, Dawn Tyus, Oluwatoyosi Adekeye, Kisha B Holden
The high rate of co-occurring mental health issues and substance-use disorders has been well documented. The primary objective of this research was to evaluate the association between use of alcohol, marijuana, and other illicit drugs, and unmet mental health need and service use. A secondary aim of this research was to determine if the observed patterns of alcohol, marijuana, and other illicit drugs use and unmet mental health need and mental health service use are consistent with a theory of self-medication theory...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457767/clinical-and-financial-implications-of-emergency-department-visits-for-synthetic-marijuana
#14
Eric Rowley, David Benson, Aaron Tiffee, Adam Hockensmith, Henry Zeng, Glenn N Jones, Mandi W Musso
BACKGROUND: Many users believe that synthetic cannabinoids offer a safe and legal means of getting high. However, spikes in emergency department visits have been associated with use of synthetic cannabinoids. The purpose of the current study was to document emergency department visits from three large hospitals in one metropolitan area over a two month period. METHOD: This was a retrospective chart review examining 218 patients presenting to three inner city emergency departments between March and April 2014...
April 23, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456861/early-impacts-of-marijuana-legalization-an-evaluation-of-prices-in-colorado-and-washington
#15
Priscillia Hunt, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Following the legalization and regulation of marijuana for recreational purposes in states with medical markets, policymakers and researchers seek empirical evidence on how, and how fast, supply and demand changed over time. Prices are an indication of how suppliers and consumers respond to policy changes, so this study uses a difference-in-difference approach to exploit the timing of policy implementation and identify the impacts on marijuana prices 4-5 months after markets opened. This study uses unique longitudinal survey data of prices paid by consumers and a web-scraped dataset of dispensary prices advertised online for three U...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455643/evaluating-the-change-in-medical-marijuana-dispensary-locations-in-los-angeles-following-the-passage-of-local-legislation
#16
Crystal Thomas, Bridget Freisthler
In May 2013, Los Angeles voters approved Proposition D, a regulatory measure that set zoning restrictions and capped the number of dispensaries at those that opened before 2007. Specifically, Proposition D stated that only 135 dispensaries were allowed to be in operation and set zoning restrictions prohibiting dispensaries from operating in certain areas. We first assessed whether the legislation changed the physical availability of medical marijuana via dispensaries in Los Angeles. We then used two data points 1 year prior to and 1 year following the implementation of Proposition D to determine if the locations of where the dispensaries are located changed after the enactment of Proposition D...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453948/depression-and-anxiety-among-chronic-pain-patients-receiving-prescription-opioids-and-medical-marijuana
#17
Daniel Feingold, Silviu Brill, Itay Goor-Aryeh, Yael Delayahu, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: High rates of depression and anxiety have been consistently reported among patients suffering from chronic pain. Prescription opioids are one of the most common modalities for pharmacological treatment of pain, however in recent years medical marijuana(MM) has been increasingly used for pain control in the US and in several countries worldwide. The aim of this study was to compare levels of depression and anxiety among pain patients receiving prescription opioids and MM. METHODS: Participants were patients suffering from chronic pain treated with prescription opioids (OP,N=474), MM (N=329) or both (OPMM,N=77)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451984/from-medical-to-recreational-marijuana-sales-marijuana-outlets-and-crime-in-an-era-of-changing-marijuana-legislation
#18
Bridget Freisthler, Andrew Gaidus, Christina Tam, William R Ponicki, Paul J Gruenewald
A movement from medical to recreational marijuana use allows for a larger base of potential users who have easier access to marijuana, because they do not have to visit a physician before using marijuana. This study examines whether changes in the density of marijuana outlets were related to violent, property, and marijuana-specific crimes in Denver, CO during a time in which marijuana outlets began selling marijuana for recreational, and not just medical, use. We collected data on locations of crimes, marijuana outlets and covariates for 481 Census block groups over 34 months (N = 16,354 space-time units)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449191/perceived-harms-and-benefits-of-tobacco-marijuana-and-electronic-vaporizers-among-young-adults-in-colorado-implications-for-health-education-and-research
#19
Lucy Popova, Emily Anne McDonald, Sohrab Sidhu, Rachel Barry, Tracey A Richers Maruyama, Nicolas M Sheon, Pamela M Ling
AIMS: To evaluate how young adults perceive and compare harms and benefits of marijuana and tobacco products in the context of a legal marijuana market in Colorado. DESIGN: Semi-structured qualitative interviews. SETTING: Denver, Colorado, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two young adults (18-26 years old) who used tobacco/marijuana/vaporizers. Semi-structured interviews addressed perceived harms and benefits of various tobacco and marijuana products and personal experiences with these products...
April 27, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445570/medical-marijuana-laws-and-cannabis-use-intersections-of-health-and-policy
#20
Wilson M Compton, Nora D Volkow, Marsha F Lopez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
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