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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632075/-is-marijuana-even-a-drug-a-qualitative-study-of-how-teens-view-marijuana-use-and-why-they-use-it
#1
Bettina Friese
This qualitative study examines how youth in the San Francisco Bay Area perceive marijuana and their motives for using or not using marijuana. Current regular users were more likely to perceive marijuana smoking as an enjoyable activity, comparable to a hobby or sport. Current occasional users commonly reported smoking marijuana when it was offered to them, on special occasions, and sometimes as a result of not wanting to be left out. Most former regular users reported quitting marijuana use due to getting into trouble, being ordered into drug treatment and/or being drug tested...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627395/the-opioid-epidemic-is-an-historic-opportunity-to-improve-both-prevention-and-treatment
#2
Robert L DuPont
The current narrative describing the national opioid epidemic as the result of overprescribing opioid pain medicines fails to capture the full dimensions of problem and leads to inadequate and even confounding solutions. Overlooked is the fact that polysubstance use is nearly ubiquitous among overdose deaths, demonstrating that the opioid overdose death problem is bigger than opioids. The foundation of the nation's opioid overdose crisis - and the totality of the nation's drug epidemic - is widespread recreational pharmacology, the use of drugs for fun or "self-medication...
June 13, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622813/evaluation-of-drug-use-and-medication-compliance-in-adolescents-admitted-to-a-psychiatric-facility-from-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#3
George Sam Wang, Genie Roosevelt, Amy Becker, Lina Brou, Jeffrey L Galinkin
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge of drug use and medication compliance during mental health evaluation can help guide evaluation and treatment. The objective was to evaluate drug use and medication compliance in a pediatric emergency department (PED) psychiatric population by comparing medical history, standard urine drug screen (EIA), and expanded urine drug screen (HPLC-MS/MS). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of admitted psychiatric patients ≥13years and ≤18years in a tertiary-care children's hospital psychiatric ED from January 31, 2013 through April 16, 2014...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622159/weeding-out-the-justification-for-marijuana-treatment-in-patients-with-developmental-and-behavioral-conditions
#4
Theodora Nelson, Yi Hui Liu, Kara S Bagot, Martin T Stein
Alex is a 13-year-old adolescent with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-combined type, anxiety, and depression. He has been resistant to engaging in therapy and treatment with various medications has been unsuccessful. Alex's parents are concerned about his anxiety, isolation, oppositional behaviors, academic underachievement, truancy, and substance use. A recent altercation with his stepfather led to a police intervention and a brief removal of Alex from the home...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619859/criminal-charges-for-child-harm-from-substance-use-in-pregnancy
#5
Cara Angelotta, Paul S Appelbaum
Despite the opposition of medical and public health professionals, several state legislatures are considering laws that permit child abuse charges for substance use during pregnancy. We reviewed legal decisions regarding women charged with a crime against a fetus or child as a result of substance use during pregnancy. We identified 24 judicial opinions published between 1977 and 2015 in cases involving 29 women prosecuted in 19 states. Charges included child endangerment, child abuse, drug delivery, attempted aggravated child abuse, chemical endangerment of a child, child neglect, child mistreatment, homicide, manslaughter, and reckless injury to a child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605305/attitudes-toward-medical-cannabis-legalization-among-serbian-medical-students
#6
Isidora Vujcic, Aleksandar Pavlovic, Eleonora Dubljanin, Jadranka Maksimovic, Aleksandra Nikolic, Sandra Sipetic-Grujicic
BACKGROUND: Currently, medical cannabis polices are experiencing rapid changes, and an increasing number of nations around the world legalize medical cannabis for certain groups of patients, including those in Serbia. OBJECTIVES: To determine medical students' attitudes toward medical cannabis legalization and to examine the factors influencing their attitudes. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, had participated in a cross-sectional study...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600874/loose-regulation-of-medical-marijuana-programs-associated-with-higher-rates-of-adult-marijuana-use-but-not-cannabis-use-disorder
#7
Arthur Robin Williams, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Christine M Mauro, Frances R Levin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most U.S. states have passed medical marijuana laws (MMLs), with great variation in program regulation impacting enrollment rates. We aimed to compare changes in rates of marijuana use, heavy use, and Cannabis Use Disorder across age groups while accounting for whether states enacted medicalized (highly regulated) or non-medical MML programs. DESIGN: Difference-in-differences estimates with time-varying state-level MML coded by program type (medicalized v...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599743/pharmacologic-implications-of-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy
#8
Heidi Collins Fantasia
Marijuana is the most commonly used recreational drug in the United States, including among women of childbearing age and women who are pregnant. Changing legal statutes that allow for the use of medical marijuana and the decriminalization of marijuana for personal use reflect more permissive societal views on the use of this drug. Active compounds in marijuana cross the placenta rapidly and are excreted in breast milk. Results of studies of the effects of marijuana on a developing fetus and neonate are conflicting, but researchers have identified chronic marijuana exposure as a risk factor for preterm birth and small-for-gestational-age infants...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595684/marijuana-use-in-the-elderly-implications-and-considerations
#9
Tracy D Mahvan, Michelle L Hilaire, Allison Mann, Antoinette Brown, Becky Linn, Taylor Gardner, Beryen Lai
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the literature on the use of marijuana in the elderly. Pharmacists play an important role in the management of medications including drug use of potentially illegal drugs, including marijuana. The use of both recreational and medical marijuana has grown exponentially in the general population, including in older adults. As of 2017, marijuana for medical use is legal in 26 states and the District of Columbia. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and Internet search using the following terms: marijuana, cannabis, delta-9-tetrhydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol, cannabinoid, elderly, geriatric, and pharmacology...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549263/prevalence-reasons-perceived-effects-and-correlates-of-medical-marijuana-use-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Ji-Yeun Park, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: The use of marijuana for medical purposes is now legal in some U.S. states and other jurisdictions, such as Canada, and Israel. Despite the widespread legalization of medical marijuana globally, there is limited information on patterns and correlates of medical marijuana use (MMU). We conducted a literature review to assess prevalence, reasons, perceived effects, and correlates of MMU among adolescents and adults. METHODS: We searched peer-reviewed articles in English between January 1996 and August 2016 from several databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) using different combinations of keywords...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544336/regulation-of-controlled-substance-prescribing-an-overview-for-certified-nurse-midwives-and-certified-midwives
#11
Kathryn Osborne
In addition to the regulation of prescriptive authority and prescribing practices conducted by individual states, the prescription of controlled substances is also regulated at the federal level by the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). While there are variations in state laws relative to controlled substance prescribing, federal law is uniform across states as established by the Controlled Substances Act (21 United States Code § 801-890) and the DEA Regulations (Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations)...
May 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537159/uk-should-review-the-ban-on-raw-marijuana
#12
Matt Griffits
Some areas of the US have laws supporting the use of raw marijuana for medical needs, as do certain countries in Europe - medical use is legal under certain conditions in Romania, and medical use of the drug on prescription has been legal since 2013 in the Czech Republic.
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534260/pharmacogenetics-of-cannabinoids
#13
Szymon Hryhorowicz, Michal Walczak, Oliwia Zakerska-Banaszak, Ryszard Słomski, Marzena Skrzypczak-Zielińska
Although the application of medical marijuana and cannabinoid drugs is controversial, it is a part of modern-day medicine. The list of diseases in which cannabinoids are promoted as a treatment is constantly expanding. Cases of significant improvement in patients with a very poor prognosis of glioma or epilepsy have already been described. However, the occurrence of side effects is still difficult to estimate, and the current knowledge of the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids is still insufficient. In our opinion, the answers to many questions and concerns regarding the medical use of cannabis can be provided by pharmacogenetics...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531769/increases-in-prescription-opioid-injection-abuse-among-treatment-admissions-in-the-united-states-2004-2013
#14
Christopher M Jones, Aleta Christensen, R Matthew Gladden
BACKGROUND: The 2015 HIV outbreak in Indiana associated with prescription opioid injection coupled with rising rates of hepatitis C, especially in areas with long-standing opioid abuse, have raised concerns about prescription opioid injection. However, research on this topic is limited. We assessed trends in treatment admissions reporting injection, smoking, and inhalation abuse of prescription opioids and examined characteristics associated with non-oral routes of prescription opioid abuse in the U...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527026/erratum-to-evaluating-the-change-in-medical-marijuana-dispensary-locations-in-los-angeles-following-the-passage-of-local-legislation
#15
Crystal Thomas, Bridget Freisthler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501518/cannabidiol-in-medical-marijuana-research-vistas-and-potential-opportunities
#16
REVIEW
Carola Rong, Yena Lee, Nicole E Carmona, Danielle S Cha, Renee-Marie Ragguett, Joshua D Rosenblat, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger C Ho, Roger S McIntyre
The high and increasing prevalence of medical marijuana consumption in the general population invites the need for quality evidence regarding its safety and efficacy. Herein, we synthesize extant literature pertaining to the phytocannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) and its brain effects. The principle phytocannabinoid Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) and CBD are the major pharmacologically active cannabinoids. The effect of CBD on brain systems as well as on phenomenological measures (e.g. cognitive function) are distinct and in many cases opposite to that of Δ(9)-THC...
July 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498005/school-protective-factors-and-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adolescents-in-california-public-schools
#17
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Monica Christina Esqueda, Tamika D Gilreath
PURPOSE: The majority of studies examining substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth have focused on a wide array of risk factors (e.g., victimization). Few studies have explored the protective role of schools. This study aims to fill this gap in the literature and inform programs aimed at reducing substance use among LGB youth. More specifically, this study explores the extent to which school connectedness and support from teachers and other adults at school are associated with substance use among LGB youth in school and within the past 30 days...
June 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489809/cannabis-induced-bullous-lung-disease-leading-to-pneumothorax-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Rashmi Mishra, Ravi Patel, Misbahuddin Khaja
RATIONALE: Marijuana use has been increasing in the United States among college students and young adults. Marijuana use has been associated with bullous lung disease which can lead to pneumothorax. There are other recreational drugs like methylphenidate, cocaine and heroin which have been associated with pneumothorax. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 30-year-old man with spontaneous pneumothorax associated with marijuana use. The patient had no medical conditions and presented to the emergency room with chest pain...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484894/medical-marijuana-legalization-and-marijuana-use-among-youth-in-oregon
#19
Mallie J Paschall, Joel W Grube, Anthony Biglan
While the legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational use has raised concerns about potential influences on marijuana use and beliefs among youth, few empirical studies have addressed this issue. We examined the association between medical marijuana patients and licensed growers per 1000 population in 32 Oregon counties from 2006 to 2015, and marijuana use among youth over the same period. We obtained data on registered medical marijuana patients and licensed growers from the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program and we obtained data on youth marijuana use, perceived parental disapproval, and demographic characteristics from the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey...
June 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482686/medical-marijuana-and-marijuana-legalization
#20
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Rosanna Smart
State-level marijuana liberalization policies have been evolving for the past five decades, and yet the overall scientific evidence of the impact of these policies is widely believed to be inconclusive. In this review we summarize some of the key limitations of the studies evaluating the effects of decriminalization and medical marijuana laws on marijuana use, highlighting their inconsistencies in terms of the heterogeneity of policies, the timing of the evaluations, and the measures of use being considered...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
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