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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522767/individual-hemoglobin-mass-response-to-normobaric-and-hypobaric-live-high-train-low-a-one-year-crossover-study
#1
Anna Hauser, Severin Troesch, Jonas J Saugy, Laurent Schmitt, Roberto Cejuela-Anta, Raphael Faiss, Thomas Steiner, Neil Robinson, Grégoire P Millet, Jon Peter Wehrlin
PURPOSE: To compare individual hemoglobin mass (Hbmass) changes following a live high-train low (LHTL) altitude training camp under either normobaric hypoxia (NH) or hypobaric hypoxia (HH) conditions in endurance athletes. METHODS: In a crossover design with a one-year washout, 15 male triathletes randomly performed two 18-d LHTL training camps in either HH or NH. All athletes slept at 2250 m and trained at altitudes < 1200 m. Hbmass was measured in duplicate with the optimized carbon monoxide rebreathing method before (pre-) and immediately after (post-) each 18 d training camp...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512276/osteoporosis-knowledge-and-related-health-behavior-among-women-in-jazan-region-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Ismail A Darout, Abdelwhab Alamir, Sameena Sultana
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease that can be prevented to some extent by awareness of its risk factors and related health behavior. The aim of this study was to collect information about knowledge and awareness of osteoporosis among women living in Jazan and to describe the type of food habits, sociodemographic characteristics, and other osteoporosis-related health behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502585/frontoparietal-neurostimulation-modulates-working-memory-training-benefits-and-oscillatory-synchronization
#3
Kevin T Jones, Dwight J Peterson, Kara J Blacker, Marian E Berryhill
There is considerable interest in maintaining working memory (WM) because it is essential to accomplish most cognitive tasks, and it is correlated with fluid intelligence and ecologically valid measures of daily living. Toward this end, WM training protocols aim to improve WM capacity and extend improvements to unpracticed domains, yet success is limited. One emerging approach is to couple WM training with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). This pairing of WM training with tDCS in longitudinal designs promotes behavioral improvement and evidence of transfer of performance gains to untrained WM tasks...
May 11, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492456/calmer-life-a-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-for-late-life-anxiety-conducted-in-low-income-mental-health-underserved-communities
#4
Srijana Shrestha, Nancy Wilson, Mark E Kunik, Paula Wagener, Amber B Amspoker, Terri Barrera, Jessica Freshour, Cynthia Kraus-Schuman, Jane Bavineau, Maria Turner, Melinda A Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety is common among older adults and is associated with multiple negative outcomes. Late-life anxiety is usually unrecognized by providers and undertreated, although evidence supports the effectiveness of psychosocial treatment. Access to mental health care is especially poor among African American seniors. New treatment models are needed to expand the reach of mental health care to minority elders. METHODS: Our article outlines a study designed to test the effectiveness and implementation potential of Calmer Life (CL), a community-based, person-centered, flexible and culturally tailored intervention for late-life anxiety and worry, offered in low-income, mental health-underserved and predominantly African American communities...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464097/live-animal-assessments-of-rump-fat-and-muscle-score-in-angus-cows-and-steers-using-3-dimensional-imaging
#5
M J McPhee, B J Walmsley, B Skinner, B Littler, J P Siddell, L M Cafe, J F Wilkins, V H Oddy, A Alempijevic
The objective of this study was to develop a proof of concept for using off-the-shelf Red Green Blue-Depth (RGB-D) Microsoft Kinect cameras to objectively assess P8 rump fat (P8 fat; mm) and muscle score (MS) traits in Angus cows and steers. Data from low and high muscled cattle (156 cows and 79 steers) were collected at multiple locations and time points. The following steps were required for the 3-dimensional (3D) image data and subsequent machine learning techniques to learn the traits: 1) reduce the high dimensionality of the point cloud data by extracting features from the input signals to produce a compact and representative feature vector, 2) perform global optimization of the signatures using machine learning algorithms and a parallel genetic algorithm, and 3) train a sensor model using regression-supervised learning techniques on the ultrasound P8 fat and the classified learning techniques for the assessed MS for each animal in the data set...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451905/effects-of-altitude-hypoxia-on-single-and-multiple-sprint-performance-a-comprehensive-review
#6
REVIEW
Olivier Girard, Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet
Many sport competitions, typically involving the completion of single- (e.g. track-and-field or track cycling events) and multiple-sprint exercises (e.g. team and racquet sports, cycling races), are staged at terrestrial altitudes ranging from 1000 to 2500 m. Our aim was to comprehensively review the current knowledge on the responses to either acute or chronic altitude exposure relevant to single and multiple sprints. Performance of a single sprint is generally not negatively affected by acute exposure to simulated altitude (i...
April 27, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451083/prevalence-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-iranian-adolescents-the-caspian-iii-study
#7
Roya Kelishadi, Ramin Heshmat, Farshad Farzadfar, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlag, Maryam Bahreynian, Saeid Safiri, Gelayol Ardalan, Ehsan Rezaei Darzi, Hamid Asayesh, Fatemeh Rezaei, Mostafa Qorbani
Introduction: The aim of the present study is to explore the prevalence and mean of cardiometabolic risk factors and liver enzymes of Iranian adolescents living in regions with different socioeconomic status (SES). To the best of our knowledge this is the first study reporting these data at sub-national level in Iran. Methods: This multi-centric study was performed in 2009-2010 on a stratified multi-stage probability sample of 5940 students aged 10-18 years, living in urban and rural areas of 27 provinces of Iran...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449588/disparities-in-hiv-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-biomedical-interventions-among-the-non-medical-hiv-workforce-in-the-united-states
#8
Raniyah M Copeland, Phill Wilson, Gabriela Betancourt, David Garcia, Murray Penner, Rebecca Abravanel, Eric Y Wong, Lori D Parisi
Non-medical, community-based workers play a critical role in supporting people living with (or at risk of acquiring) HIV along the care continuum. The biomedical nature of promising advances in HIV prevention, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment-as-prevention, requires frontline workers to be knowledgeable about HIV science and treatment. This study was developed to: measure knowledge of HIV science and treatment within the HIV non-medical workforce, evaluate workers' familiarity with and attitudes toward recent biomedical interventions, and identify factors that may affect HIV knowledge and attitudes...
April 27, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421298/dog-rivalry-impacts-following-behavior-in-a-decision-making-task-involving-food
#9
Christy L Hoffman, Malini Suchak
Dogs learn a great deal from humans and other dogs. Previous studies of socially influenced learning between dogs have typically used a highly trained demonstrator dog who is unfamiliar to the observer. Because of this, it is unknown how dynamics between familiar dogs may influence their likelihood of learning from each other. In this study, we tested dogs living together in two-dog households on whether individual dogs' rivalry scores were associated with performance on a local enhancement task. Specifically, we wanted to know whether dog rivalry impacted whether an observer dog would approach a plate from which a demonstrator dog had eaten all available food, or whether the observer dog would approach the adjacent plate that still contained food...
April 18, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419096/determinants-of-neonatal-mortality-in-rural-northern-ethiopia-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#10
Robel Yirgu, Mitike Molla, Lynn Sibley
INTRODUCTION: In low income and middle income countries, neonatal mortality remains high despite the gradual reduction in under five mortality. Newborn death contributes for about 38% of all under five deaths. This study has identified the magnitude and independent predictors of neonatal mortality in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: This population based nested case control study was conducted in rural West Gojam zone, Northern Ethiopia, among a cohort of pregnant women who gave birth between March 2011 and Feb 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418586/simulated-presence-therapy-for-dementia
#11
REVIEW
Iosief Abraha, Joseph M Rimland, Isabel Lozano-Montoya, Giuseppina Dell'Aquila, Manuel Vélez-Díaz-Pallarés, Fabiana M Trotta, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Antonio Cherubini
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a common and serious neuropsychiatric syndrome, characterised by progressive cognitive and functional decline. The majority of people with dementia develop behavioural disturbances, also known as behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Several non-pharmacological interventions have been evaluated to treat BPSD in people with dementia. Simulated presence therapy (SPT), an intervention that uses video or audiotape recordings of family members played to the person with dementia, is a possible approach to treat BPSD...
April 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397036/risk-factors-for-low-birth-weight-and-preterm-birth-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-wuhan-china
#12
Jing Wang, Yun Zeng, Ze-Min Ni, Gui Wang, Shu-Yun Liu, Can Li, Chao-Li Yu, Qi Wang, Shao-Fa Nie
Low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PB) are associated with newborn mortality and diseases in adulthood. We explored factors related to LBW and PB by conducting a population-based case-control study from January 2011 to December 2013 in Wuhan, China. A total of 337 LBW newborn babies, 472 PB babies, and 708 babies with normal birth weights and born from term pregnancies were included in this study. Information of newborns and their parents was collected by trained investigators using questionnaires and referring to medical records...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377137/hazards-and-incidents-detection-and-learning-in-radiation-medicine-a-comparison-of-2-educational-interventions
#13
Robert Thompson, Yilan Lu, Marc Potvin, Jordan Holmes, Lisa Di Prospero, Brian Keller, Ewa Szumacher, Brian Liszewski, Pamela Catton, Meredith Giuliani, Bethany Pitcher, Melania Pintilie, Jean-Pierre Bissonnette
PURPOSE: Interprofessional, educational live simulations were compared with group discussion-based exercises in terms of their ability to improve radiation medicine trainees' ability to detect hazards and incidents and understand behaviors that may prevent them. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Trainees and recent graduates of radiation therapy, medical physics, and radiation oncology programs were recruited and randomized to either a simulation-based or group discussion-based training intervention...
February 27, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360370/barriers-to-increasing-use-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-bangladesh-a-survey-of-patients-and-providers
#14
Dipal Savla, Sweety Ahmed, Karen Yeates, Anna Matthew, Shuchi Anand
Despite a lower requirement for technology and equipment than hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an underutilized modality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Bangladesh has the lowest use of PD in the world (fewer than 2% of prevalent patients). We evaluated nephrologists' attitudes toward PD and examined differences between patients on HD and PD in Dhaka. We asked nephrologists to fill out an English-language questionnaire. Using convenience sampling but targeting both public and private hospitals in Dhaka, we asked trained nurses to administer a Bangla-language questionnaire to patients on HD (n = 116) and PD (n = 41)...
March 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347291/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-training-and-cancer-phys-can-the-impact-of-exercise-intensity-on-cancer-related-fatigue-quality-of-life-and-disease-outcome
#15
Sveinung Berntsen, Neil K Aaronson, Laurien Buffart, Sussanne Börjeson, Ingrid Demmelmaier, Maria Hellbom, Pernille Hojman, Helena Igelström, Birgitta Johansson, Ronnie Pingel, Truls Raastad, Galina Velikova, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Karin Nordin
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is a common problem in persons with cancer, influencing health-related quality of life and causing a considerable challenge to society. Current evidence supports the beneficial effects of physical exercise in reducing fatigue, but the results across studies are not consistent, especially in terms of exercise intensity. It is also unclear whether use of behaviour change techniques can further increase exercise adherence and maintain physical activity behaviour...
March 27, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332025/endurance-aerobic-high-intensity-and-repeated-sprint-cycling-performance-is-unaffected-by-normobaric-live-high-train-low-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-study
#16
Jacob Bejder, Andreas Breenfeldt Andersen, Rie Buchardt, Tanja Hultengren Larsson, Niels Vidiendal Olsen, Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg
The aim was to investigate whether 6 weeks of normobaric "Live High-Train Low" (LHTL) using altitude tents affect highly trained athletes incremental peak power, 26-km time-trial cycling performance, 3-min all-out performance, and 30-s repeated sprint ability. In a double-blinded, placebo-controlled cross-over design, seven highly trained triathletes were exposed to 6 weeks of normobaric hypoxia (LHTL) and normoxia (placebo) for 8 h/day. LHTL exposure consisted of 2 weeks at 2500 m, 2 weeks at 3000 m, and 2 weeks at 3500 m...
May 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326905/assistive-technology-unmet-needs-of-independent-living-older-hispanics-with-functional-limitations
#17
Elsa M Orellano-Colón, Marta Rivero-Méndez, Mauricio Lizama, Jeffrey W Jutai
PURPOSE: To identify: (1) the most frequently used assistive technology (AT) by a sample of community-living older Hispanics; (2) their AT needs; (3) the AT that would not be used by the simple; and (4) the factors associated with the willingness to use AT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a cross-sectional descriptive study design with a purposive sample of 60 individuals 70 years and older living in Puerto Rico. Data collection tools included a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Assistive Technology Card Assessment...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#18
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#19
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286823/protocol-adherence-for-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-management-in-the-emergency-department-a-clinical-audit
#20
Mostafa Alavi-Moghaddam, Ali Anvari, Reaza Soltani Delgosha, Hamid Kariman
INTRODUCTION: Although significant development in the field of medicine is achieved, sepsis is still a major issue threatening humans' lives. This study was aimed to audit the management of severe sepsis and septic shock patients in emergency department (ED) according to the present standard guidelines. METHOD: This is a prospective audit on approaching adult septic patients who were admitted to ED. The audit checklist was created based on the protocols of Surviving Sepsis Campaign and British Royal College recommendations...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
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