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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044040/epizootiology-of-the-ectoparasitic-protozoans-ichthyobodo-salmonis-and-trichodina-truttae-on-wild-chum-salmon-oncorhynchus-keta
#1
Shinya Mizuno, Shigehiko Urawa, Mahito Miyamoto, Hayato Saneyoshi, Makoto Hatakeyama, Nobuhisa Koide, Hiroshi Ueda
Infestations of the ectoparasitic flagellate Ichthyobodo salmonis and the ciliate Trichodina truttae have caused acute mortalities of hatchery-reared juvenile chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta in Hokkaido, northern Japan. This study examined the epizootiology of I. salmonis and T. truttae on wild chum salmon as a possible infection source of the 2 parasitic protozoans in hatcheries. Infestations by both ectoparasites were detected on freshwater-adapted adult and juvenile chum salmon in all 4 rivers examined. This is the first study of an anadromous Pacific salmonid to report infestation of I...
October 18, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043690/-prevention-of-the-wound-infection-little-changes-huge-results
#2
I Martínez Castaño, M J Aranda García, J M Sánchez Morote, R Ruiz Pruneda, M Fernández Ibieta, J Rojas Ticona, V Villamil, A Sánchez Sánchez, M C Giménez Aleixandre, J I Ruiz Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal surgical wound infection occurs in almost 50% of neonatal procedures. It increases the rates of morbimortality in neonatal units. There is no guidelines about prevention of wound infection in neonatal surgery. We present our results after changing our behaviour in neonatal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comparative study between 2 groups. In order to decrease wound infection at the end of the procedure gloves, covertures and surgical instruments were changed and saline and antiseptic solutions were used during laparotomy closing...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043485/nitrate-assimilation-pathway-nap-role-of-structural-nit-and-transporter-ntr1-genes-in-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-lycopersici-growth-and-pathogenicity
#3
Lucia Gomez-Gil, Jesus Camara Almiron, Patricia Lizett Rodriguez Carrillo, Cindy Nayely Olivares Medina, Gustavo Bravo Ruiz, Pamela Romo Rodriguez, Alma Rosa Corrales Escobosa, Felix Gutierrez Corona, M Isabel Roncero
The tomato pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici possesses the capability to use nitrate as the only nitrogen source under aerobic and anaerobic conditions and to activate virulence-related functions when cultivated in the presence of nitrate, but not in ammonium. The genome of F. oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici encodes three paralogs nitrate reductase (NR) genes (nit1, nit2 and nit3) and one predicted ortholog of the Aspergillus nidulans high-affinity nitrate/nitrite transporters NtrA and NtrB, named ntr1...
October 17, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042164/pediatrics-spanish-registry-of-percutaneous-melody-pulmonary-valve-implantation-in-patients-younger-than-18-years
#4
Ruth Solana-Gracia, Fernando Rueda, Pedro Betrián, Federico Gutiérrez-Larraya, María Jesús Del Cerro, Manuel Pan, Juan Alcíbar, José Félix Coserría, José Manuel Velasco, José Luis Zunzunegui
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: A decade has passed since the first Spanish percutaneous pulmonary Melody valve implant (PPVI) in March 2007. Our objective was to analyze its results in terms of valvular function and possible mid-term follow-up complications. METHODS: Spanish retrospective descriptive multicenter analysis of Melody PPVI in patients < 18 years from the first implant in March 2007 until January 1, 2016. RESULTS: Nine centers were recruited with a total of 81 PPVI in 77 pediatric patients, whose median age and weight were 13...
October 14, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041909/cost-utility-analysis-of-palivizumab-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-prophylaxis-in-preterm-infants-update-based-on-the-clinical-evidence-in-spain
#5
M Sanchez-Luna, R Burgos-Pol, I Oyagüez, J Figueras-Aloy, M Sánchez-Solís, F Martinón-Torres, X Carbonell-Estrany
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at estimating the efficiency of palivizumab in the prevention of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection and its sequelae in preterm infants (32(day 1)-35(day 0)weeks of gestational age -wGA-) in Spain. METHODS: A decision-tree model was developed to compare health benefits (Quality Adjusted Life Years-QALYs) and costs of palivizumab versus a non-prophylaxis strategy over 6 years. A hypothetical cohort of 1,000 preterm infants, 32(day 1)-35(day 0) wGA (4...
October 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041830/general-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-minor-and-major-amputations-in-brazil
#6
Jose O Leite, Leandro O Costa, Walter M Fonseca, Debora U Souza, Barbara C Goncalves, Gabriela B Gomes, Lucas A Cruz, Nilder Nister, Tulio P Navarro, Jonathan Bath, Alan Dardik
Objectives Major and minor amputations are associated with significant rates of mortality. However, little is known about the impact of unplanned redo-amputation during the same hospitalization on outcomes. The objectives of this study were to identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality after both major and minor amputations as well as the results of unplanned redo-amputation on outcome. Methods Retrospective study of 342 consecutive patients who were treated with lower extremity amputation in Brazil between January 2013 and October 2014...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040687/mortality-risk-in-patients-on-hemodiafiltration-versus-hemodialysis-a-real-world-comparison-from-the-dopps
#7
Francesco Locatelli, Angelo Karaboyas, Ronald L Pisoni, Bruce M Robinson, Joan Fort, Raymond Vanholder, Hugh C Rayner, Werner Kleophas, Stefan H Jacobson, Christian Combe, Friedrich K Port, Francesca Tentori
Background: With its convective component, hemodiafiltration (HDF) provides better middle molecule clearance compared with hemodialysis (HD) and is postulated to improve survival. A previous analysis of Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) data in 1998-2001 found lower mortality rates for high replacement fluid volume HDF versus HD. Randomized controlled trials have not shown uniform survival advantage for HDF; in secondary (non-randomized) analyses, better outcomes were observed in patients receiving the highest convection volumes...
October 11, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040527/in-and-out-of-hospital-mortality-associated-with-seasonal-and-pandemic-influenza-and-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-south-africa-2009-2013
#8
Cheryl Cohen, Sibongile Walaza, Florette K Treurnicht, Meredith McMorrow, Shabir A Madhi, Johanna M McAnerney, Stefano Tempia
Background: Estimates of influenza- and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated mortality burden are important to guide policy for control. Data are limited on the contribution of out-of-hospital deaths to this mortality. Methods: We modeled excess mortality attributable to influenza and RSV infection by applying regression models to weekly deaths from national vital statistics from 2009 through 2013, using influenza and RSV laboratory surveillance data as covariates...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039628/early-versus-late-initiation-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-clinical-trials
#9
Thomas A Mavrakanas, D Ezra Aurian-Blajeni, David M Charytan
AIMS OF THE STUDY: The optimal timing of renal replacement therapy (RRT) initiation in acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a matter of debate. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to better estimate the effects of early initiation of RRT compared with late initiation of RRT among patients with AKI and in patients at risk for AKI. METHODS: A Medline literature research was conducted in PubMed for RCTs in adult patients with AKI that compared different RRT initiation strategies (early vs late)...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038277/dilution-factor-of-quantitative-bacterial-cultures-obtained-by-bronchoalveolar-lavage-in-patients-with-ventilator-associated-bacterial-pneumonia-implications-for-optimal-antimicrobial-therapy-ventilator-associated-bacterial-pneumonia-study-group
#10
George L Drusano, Michael L Corrado, Gino Girardi, Evelyn J Ellis-Grosse, Richard G Wunderink, Helen Donnelly, Kenneth V Leeper, Mona Brown, Tasnova Malek, Robert Duncan Hite, Michelle Ferrari, Danijela Djureinovic, Marin H Kollef, Lisa Mayfield, Ann Doyle, Jean Chastre, Alain Combes, Thomas J Walsh, Krisztina Dorizas, Hassan Alnuaimat, Brooks Edward Morgan, Jordi Rello, Cristopher Alan Mazo Torre, Ronald N Jones, Robert K Flamm, Leah Woosley, Paul G Ambrose, Sujata Bhavnani, Christopher M Rubino, Catharine C Bulik, Arnold Louie, Michael Vicchiarelli, Colleen Berman
Ventilator-Associated Bacterial Pneumonia (VABP) is a difficult therapeutic problem. Considerable controversy exists regarding the optimal chemotherapy for this entity. The recent IDSA/ATS guidelines recommended a 7-day therapeutic course for VABP based on the balance of no negative impact on all-cause mortality, less resistance emergence and fewer antibiotic days counterbalanced with a higher relapse rate for patients whose pathogen is a non-fermenter. The bacterial burden causing an infection will have a substantial impact on treatment outcome and resistance selection...
October 16, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037831/a-complex-case-of-pacemaker-lead-endocarditis
#11
Henrique Guedes, Adriana Pereira, Rui Pontes Dos Santos, Leonor Marques, Nuno Moreno, Alexandra Castro, Rui Cunha E Sousa, Aurora Andrade, Paula Pinto
Pacemaker lead endocarditis is an uncommon complication after pacemaker implantation, but is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The authors describe the case of a 68-year-old woman with a double-chamber pacemaker since 2007, admitted to an internal medicine department for spondylodiscitis and Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. During hospitalization, she had an episode of syncope; the 12-lead electrocardiogram showed pacemaker malfunction with ventricular undersensing and loss of capture...
October 13, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037296/tuberculosis-in-recipients-of-solid-organ-transplants-during-1995-2015-in-cali-colombia
#12
J F García-Goez, G A Munera, V Rojas, R Pacheco, J A Caylá, J M Miro
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) in solid-organ transplants (SOTs) is an important opportunistic infection associated with mortality and graft loss. SOT recipients carry a higher risk of contracting active TB than the general population. Clinical and radiographic presentations are non-specific, and sputum smear and culture have low yields. TB patients with SOTs require standard anti-tuberculosis treatment. However, rifampicin (RMP) use is associated with a 30% rate of acute graft rejection (AGR) and a 20% rate of transplant loss...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037257/ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-for-hydrocephalus-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#13
James J M Loan, Ncedile Mankahla, Graeme Meintjes, A Graham Fieggen
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a recognised complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related opportunistic infections. Symptomatic raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure can be treated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion (VPS). In HIV-infected patients however, there is a concern that VPS might be associated with unacceptably high rates of mortality. We aim to systematically review and appraise published literature to determine reported outcomes and identify predictors of outcome following VPS in relevant subgroups of HIV-infected adults...
October 16, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036756/acupuncture-or-acupressure-for-induction-of-labour
#14
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Mike Armour, Hannah G Dahlen
BACKGROUND: This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction. The use of complementary therapies is increasing. Women may look to complementary therapies during pregnancy and childbirth to be used alongside conventional medical practice. Acupuncture involves the insertion of very fine needles into specific points of the body. Acupressure is using the thumbs or fingers to apply pressure to specific points. The limited observational studies to date suggest acupuncture for induction of labour has no known adverse effects to the fetus, and may be effective...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036170/quantifying-the-effects-of-temperature-on-mosquito-and-parasite-traits-that-determine-the-transmission-potential-of-human-malaria
#15
Lillian L M Shapiro, Shelley A Whitehead, Matthew B Thomas
Malaria transmission is known to be strongly impacted by temperature. The current understanding of how temperature affects mosquito and parasite life history traits derives from a limited number of empirical studies. These studies, some dating back to the early part of last century, are often poorly controlled, have limited replication, explore a narrow range of temperatures, and use a mixture of parasite and mosquito species. Here, we use a single pairing of the Asian mosquito vector, An. stephensi and the human malaria parasite, P...
October 16, 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035428/initial-report-of-the-korean-organ-transplant-registry-kotry-heart-transplantation
#16
Hae Young Lee, Eun Seok Jeon, Seok Min Kang, Jae Joong Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Korean Organ Transplant Registry (KOTRY), which was the first national transplant registry in Korea, was founded by the Korean Society for Transplantation and the Korean Center for Disease Control in 2014. Here, we present the initial report of the Korean Heart Transplant Registry. METHODS: A total of 183 heart transplantation (HTPL) patients performed at 4 nationally representative hospitals were collected from April 2014 to December 2015...
August 16, 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035130/patterns-of-serologic-markers-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-the-risk-of-transmission-among-pregnant-women-in-southwestern-nigeria
#17
I M Ifeorah, A S Bakarey, M O Adewumi, F O C Faleye, A Akere, C E Omoruyi, A O Ogunwale, C C Uttah, M A Oketade, J A Adeniji
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is a major health concern in developing countries that has a high morbidity and mortality rate. Vertical transmission of HBV from mother to child has been identified as a major factor leading to chronicity with attendant liver conditions, especially in poor socioeconomic settings. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of serological HBV markers among pregnant women in Ibadan southwestern Nigeria and to determine the implications for perinatal HBV transmission. This study revealed the presence of varied HBV serological patterns of infection or immunity among pregnant women in Ibadan, Nigeria, and thus the risk of mother to child transmission...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034782/the-comparative-epidemiology-of-pediatric-severe-sepsis
#18
Mary E Hartman, Mohammed J Saeed, Kimberly N Powell, Margaret A Olsen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the coding strategies used to identify severe sepsis in administrative data sets could identify cases with comparable case mix, hospitalization characteristics, and outcomes as a cohort of children diagnosed with severe sepsis using strict clinical criteria. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from 2005 to 2011 from the New York and Florida State Inpatient Databases, available from the US Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034016/improved-outcomes-for-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-using-integrated-management-involving-endovascular-clamping-endovascular-replacement-and-open-abdominal-decompression
#19
Chikashi Aoki, Norihiro Kondo, Yoshiaki Saito, Satoshi Taniguchi, Wakako Fukuda, Kazuyuki Daitoku, Ikuo Fukuda
Objective: Endovascular repair has become the treatment of choice for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs). To improve surgical outcomes, preoperative management is important. In 2011, we introduced integrated management, which involves endovascular aneurysm repair, stabilization of hemodynamics by endovascular clamping, and open abdominal decompression to address abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Methods: To evaluate the efficacy of this management strategy, 62 patients who had undergone emergency surgery for an RAAA were analyzed retrospectively: group A (n=39), where an old strategy was used, and group B (n=23), where integrated management was introduced...
March 24, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033682/usefulness-of-tc99m-mebrofenin-hepatobiliary-scintigraphy-and-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-bronchobiliary-fistula
#20
Rahul Vithalrao Parghane, Rohit Kumar Phulsunga, Rajesh Gupta, Rajender Kumar Basher, Anish Bhattacharya, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF), a rare complication of liver disease, is an abnormal communication between the biliary tract and bronchial tree. BBF may occur as a consequence of local liver infections such as hydatid or amebic disease, pyogenic liver abscess or trauma to the liver, obstruction of biliary tract, and tumor. As such management of liver disease with BBF is very difficult and often associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, timely diagnosis of BBF is imperative. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy along with hybrid single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography using Tc99m-mebrofenin is a very useful noninvasive imaging modality, in the diagnosis of BBF...
October 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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