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Dental fatigue

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886950/influence-of-thermo-mechanical-cycling-on-porcelain-bonding-to-cobalt-chromium-and-titanium-dental-alloys-fabricated-by-casting-milling-and-selective-laser-melting
#1
Maja Antanasova, Andraž Kocjan, Janez Kovač, Borut Žužek, Peter Jevnikar
PURPOSE: The aim has been to determine the effect of thermo-mechanical cycling on shear-bond-strength (SBS) of dental porcelain to Co-Cr and Ti-based alloys fabricated by casting, computer-numerical-controlled milling, and selective-laser-melting (SLM). METHODS: Seven groups (n=22/group) of metal cylinders were fabricated by casting (Co-Cr and commercially pure-cpTi), milling (Co-Cr, cpTi, Ti-6Al-4V) or by SLM (Co-Cr and Ti-6Al-4V) and abraded with airborne-particles...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886762/the-tooth-its-structure-and-properties
#2
REVIEW
Dwayne D Arola, Shanshan Gao, Hai Zhang, Radi Masri
This article provides a brief review of recent investigations concerning the structure and properties of the tooth. The last decade has brought a greater emphasis on the durability of the tooth, an improved understanding of the fatigue and fracture behavior of the principal tissues, and their importance to tooth failures. The primary contributions to tooth durability are discussed, including the process of placing a restoration, the impact of aging, and challenges posed by the oral environment. The significance of these findings to the dental community and their importance to the pursuit of lifelong oral health are highlighted...
October 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885034/treatment-outcomes-of-class-ii-malocclusion-cases-treated-with-miniscrew-anchored-forsus-fatigue-resistant-device-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Osama Eissa, Mahmoud El-Shennawy, Safaa Gaballah, Ghada El-Meehy, Tarek El Bialy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the skeletal, dental, and soft tissue effects of the Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device (FRD) used with miniscrew anchorage and compare them with those of the conventional Forsus FRD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out on 38 patients. These patients were randomly allocated into three groups. The 14 patients in group 1 (aged 12.76 ± 1.0 years) were treated with the FRD appliance. In group 2, the 15 patients (aged 12.52 ± 1.12 years) received treatment with FRD using miniscrew anchorage, and the 9 patients in group 3 (aged 12...
September 8, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867661/influence-of-specimens-geometry-and-materials-on-the-thermal-stresses-in-dental-restorative-materials-during-thermal-cycling
#4
Douglas Fabris, Júlio C M Souza, Filipe S Silva, Márcio Fredel, Michael Gasik, Bruno Henriques
OBJECTIVES: Thermal cycling is widely used to simulate the aging of restorative materials corresponding to the changes of temperature in the oral cavity. However, test parameters present in literature vary considerably, which prevents comparison between different reports. The aim of this work is to assess the influence of the specimens' geometry and materials on the thermal stresses developed during thermal cycling tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Finite elements method was used to simulate the conditions of thermal cycling tests for three different sample geometries: a three-points bending test sample, a cylinder rod and more complex shape of a restoration crown...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846561/incidence-and-management-of-fractured-dental-implants-case-reports
#5
Soo-Young Jin, Su-Gwan Kim, Ji-Su Oh, Jae-Seek You, Mi-Ae Jeong
The fracture of dental implants is a rare occurrence in clinical settings. Possible causes of implant fracture include design or production flaws, overloaded occlusion force, implant location, metal fatigue, and bone resorption around the implant. This study reports on the successful removal and reimplantation of fractured implants.
August 25, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843960/interfacial-degradation-of-adhesive-composite-restorations-mediated-by-oral-biofilms-and-mechanical-challenge-in-an-extracted-tooth-model-of-secondary-caries
#6
Carola A Carrera, Yuping Li, Ruoquiong Chen, Conrado Aparicio, Alex Fok, Joel Rudney
Objective To study the combined effect of simulated occlusal loading and plaque-derived biofilm on the interfacial integrity of dental composite restorations, and to explore whether the effects are modulated by the incorporation of sucrose. Methods MOD-class-II restorations were prepared in third molars. Half of the specimens (n = 27) were subjected to 200,000 cycles of mechanical loading using an artificial oral environment (ART). Then, both groups of specimens (fatigued and non-fatigued) were divided into three subgroups for testing in CDC-reactors under the following conditions: no biofilm (Control), biofilm with no sucrose (BNS) and biofilm pulsed with sucrose (BWS)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771952/prevalence-and-determinants-of-frailty-and-associated-comorbidities-among-older-gurkha-welfare-pensioners-in-nepal
#7
Sirjana Devkota, Bruce Anderson, Roy L Soiza, Phyo K Myint
AIM: Population aging is increasing in low-income countries. Despite this, there is distinct lack of knowledge about the prevalence of comorbidities and determinants of frailty among older people in these countries. METHODS: We examined data from "Health and Social Care Needs Assessment Survey of the Gurkha Welfare Pensioners" carried out in 2014. Participants were aged ≥60 years from the Gorakha, Lamjung and Tanahu districts of Nepal. Face-to-face interviews were carried out using validated questionnaires...
August 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757795/a-new-model-to-study-fatigue-in-dental-implants-based-on-probabilistic-finite-elements-and-cumulative-damage-model
#8
María Prados-Privado, José Antonio Bea, Rosa Rojo, Sérgio A Gehrke, José Luis Calvo-Guirado, Juan Carlos Prados-Frutos
The aim of this study was to predict the fatigue life of two different connections of a dental implant as in load transfer to bone. Two three-dimensional models were created and assembled. All models were subjected to a natural masticatory force of 118 N in the angle of 75° to the occlusal plane. All degrees of freedom in the inferior border of the cortical bone were restrained, and the mesial and distal borders of the end of the bone section were constrained. Fatigue material data and loads were assumed as random variables...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720340/mechanical-strength-and-fracture-point-of-a-dental-implant-under-certification-conditions-a-numerical-approach-by-finite-element-analysis
#9
Guillermo de la Rosa Castolo, Sonia V Guevara Perez, Pierre-Jean Arnoux, Laurent Badih, Franck Bonnet, Michel Behr
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Implant prosthodontics provides high-quality outcomes thanks to recent technological developments and certification procedures such as International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard 14801. However, these certification tests are costly, and the result is highly uncertain as the influence of design variables (materials and structure) is still unknown. The design process could be significantly improved if the influence of design parameters were identified...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710653/mechanical-performance-of-cement-and-screw-retained-all-ceramic-single-crowns-on-dental-implants
#10
Matthias Obermeier, Oliver Ristow, Kurt Erdelt, Florian Beuer
OBJECTIVES: This in-vitro study was performed to compare the contact wear, fracture strength and failure mode of implant-supported all-ceramic single crowns manufactured with various fabrication and fixation concepts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty dental implants (Conelog Ø 4,3mm/L11mm, Camlog Biotechnologies AG) were embedded and treated with all-ceramic molar single-crowns. Three groups received hand-layered zirconia crowns (IPS e.max Ceram/ IPS e.max ZirCAD, Ivoclar Vivadent AG): CZL (cement-retained zirconia-based layered) group crowns were cemented conventionally, SZL (screw-retained zirconia-based layered) group crowns were screw-retained, MZL (modified zirconia-based layered) group crowns showed a different coping design with screw retention...
July 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680545/the-effect-of-different-cooling-rates-and-coping-thicknesses-on-the-failure-load-of-zirconia-ceramic-crowns-after-fatigue-loading
#11
Yu Lung Tang, Jee-Hwan Kim, June-Sung Shim, Sunjai Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of different coping thicknesses and veneer ceramic cooling rates on the failure load of zirconia-ceramic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Zirconia copings of two different thicknesses (0.5 mm or 1.5 mm; n=20 each) were fabricated from scanning 40 identical abutment models using a dental computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing system. Zirconia-ceramic crowns were completed by veneering feldspathic ceramics under different cooling rates (conventional or slow, n=20 each), resulting in 4 different groups (CONV05, SLOW05, CONV15, SLOW15; n=10 per group)...
June 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614532/patient-concerns-inventory-for-head-and-neck-cancer-brazilian-cultural-adaptation
#12
Ivy Jungerman, Julia Toyota, Neyller Patriota Montoni, Elma Heitmann Mares Azevedo, Renata Ligia Vieira Guedes, Aline Damascena, Derek Lowe, José Guilherme Vartanian, Simon N Rogers, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
Objective: The purpose of this study was to translate, culturally validate and evaluate the Patients Concerns Inventory - Head and Neck (PCI-H&N) in a consecutive series of Brazilian patients. Method: This study included adult patients treated for upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancer. The translation and cultural adaptation of the PCI-H&N followed internationally accepted guidelines and included a pretest sample of patients that completed the first Brazilian Portuguese version of the PCI...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612506/synergistic-interactions-between-corrosion-and-wear-at-titanium-based-dental-implant-connections-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
K Apaza-Bedoya, M Tarce, C A M Benfatti, B Henriques, M T Mathew, W Teughels, J C M Souza
Two-piece implant systems are mainly used in oral implantology involving an osseointegrated implant connected to an abutment, which supports prosthetic structures. It is well documented that the presence of microgaps, biofilms and oral fluids at the implant-abutment connection can cause mechanical and biological complications. The aim of this review paper was to report the degradation at the implant-abutment connection by wear and corrosion processes taking place in the oral cavity. Most of the retrieved studies evaluated the wear and corrosion (tribocorrosion) of titanium-based materials used for implants and abutments in artificial saliva...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577893/academy-of-dental-materials-guidance-resin-composites-part-i-mechanical-properties
#14
N Ilie, T J Hilton, S D Heintze, R Hickel, D C Watts, N Silikas, J W Stansbury, M Cadenaro, J L Ferracane
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project, which was initiated from the Academy of Dental Materials, was to review and critically appraise methods to determine fracture, deformation and wear resistance of dental resin composites, in an attempt to provide guidance for investigators endeavoring to study these properties for these materials. METHODS: Test methods have been ranked in the priority of the specific property being tested, as well as of the specific test methods for evaluating that property...
August 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571269/effect-of-pre-procedural-chair-side-finger-stretches-on-pinch-strength-amongst-dental-cohort-a-biomechanical-study
#15
Ninad Milind Padhye, Ashvini Mukul Padhye, Himani Swatantrakumar Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Ergonomics is the essential principle behind the health and successful practice for a dentist and dental hygienist. During the procedure of dental Scaling and Root Planing (SRP), a high level of pinch force is exerted by the finger muscles resulting in early muscle fatigue. AIM: This pilot study comparatively evaluated the Pinch Strength (PS) of the finger muscles, prior to and after SRP, amongst dental cohort performing chair-side hand and finger stretches to those not performing the same...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554262/fatigue-limits-of-titanium-bar-joints-made-with-the-laser-and-the-electric-resistance-welding-techniques-microstructural-characterization-and-hardness-properties
#16
Marco Degidi, Diego Nardi, Alessandro Morri, Gianluca Sighinolfi, Florian Tebbel, Claudio Marchetti
Fatigue behavior of the titanium bars is of utmost importance for the safe and reliable operation of dental implants and prosthetic constructions based on these implants. To date, however, only few data are available on the fatigue strength of dental prostheses made with electric resistance welding and laser welding techniques. This in-vitro study highlighted that although the joints made with the laser welding approach are credited of a superior tensile strength, joints made with electric resistance welding exhibited double the minimum fatigue strength with respect to the joints made with laser welding (120 vs 60 N)...
September 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508937/the-prevalence-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-adults-presenting-with-temporomandibular-disorders-associated-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Órla Gilheaney, Lina Zgaga, Isolde Harpur, Greg Sheaf, Liss Kiefer, Sibylle Béchet, Margaret Walshe
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most frequent non-dental orofacial pain disorders and may be associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). However, clinicians' understanding of involvement with OD caused by RA-related TMDs is limited and the methodological quality of research in this field has been criticised. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of oral preparatory and oral stage signs and symptoms of OD in adults presenting with TMDs associated with RA...
May 16, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494273/fatigue-limit-of-monolithic-y-tzp-three-unit-fixed-dental-prostheses-effect-of-grinding-at-the-gingival-zone-of-the-connector
#18
Marina Amaral, Regina F Villefort, Renata Marques Melo, Gabriel K R Pereira, Yu Zhang, Luiz Felipe Valandro, Marco Antonio Bottino
OBJECTIVES: To determine the fatigue limits of three-unit monolithic zirconia fixed dental prosthesis (FDPs) before and after grinding of the gingival areas of connectors with diamond burs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: FDPs were milled from pre-sintered blocks of zirconia simulating the absence of the first mandibular molar. Half of the specimens were subjected to grinding, simulating clinical adjustment, and all of them were subjected to glazing procedure. Additional specimens were manufactured for roughness analysis...
August 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494037/effect-of-abutment-preparation-and-fatigue-loading-in-a-moist-environment-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-the-one-piece-zirconia-dental-implant
#19
Mohamed Kamel, Tritala K Vaidyanathan, Robert Flinton
PURPOSE: One-piece zirconia dental implants have been widely used in Europe for many years. This in vitro study was done to evaluate the effect of abutment preparation and fatigue (cyclic) loading in a moist environment on the fracture resistance of the one-piece zirconia dental implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four Cera Root zirconium oxide dental implants, divided into three groups of eight, were used in this study: group 1 (control group): implants with no preparation, tested in a dry environment; group 2: implants with no preparation, tested in a moist environment (simulating clinical conditions); and group 3: implants after abutment preparation tested in a moist environment...
May 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476464/environmental-temperature-drastically-affects-flexural-fatigue-resistance-of-nickel-titanium-rotary-files
#20
Nicola Maria Grande, Gianluca Plotino, Enrico Silla, Eugenio Pedullà, Gustavo DeDeus, Gianluca Gambarini, Francesco Somma
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to analyze how a low environmental temperature can affect the fatigue life of instruments made by different types of heat-treated nickel-titanium alloys. METHODS: The flexural cyclic fatigue of 40 new specimens for each of the following systems was tested for cyclic fatigue resistance: ProTaper Universal F2 (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), ProTaper Gold F2 (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK), Twisted Files SM2 (SybronEndo, Orange, CA), Mtwo #25...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
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