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GVHD cornea

Jingliang He, Yoko Ogawa, Shin Mukai, Yumiko Saijo-Ban, Mizuka Kamoi, Miki Uchino, Mio Yamane, Nobuhiro Ozawa, Masaki Fukui, Takehiko Mori, Shinichiro Okamoto, Kazuo Tsubota
Dry eye disease (DED) is often elicited by graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), an extensive complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). To unravel the mechanism of this type of DED, in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) was used to investigate alterations in the state of the sub-basal nerves, dendritic cells (DCs) and globular immune cells (GICs) in the central cornea and limbal epithelia. In this study, we examined 12 HSCT recipients with GVHD-caused DED and 10 HSCT recipients without GVHD-associated DED and evaluated the clinical parameters in the 2 groups...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Tudor C Tepelus, Gloria B Chiu, Jyotsna Maram, Jianyan Huang, Vikas Chopra, SriniVas R Sadda, Olivia L Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine the morphological features of the corneal epithelial layers, sub-basal nerve plexus and anterior stroma in patients with ocular graft-versus-host disease (oGVHD) compared to non-GVHD dry eyes and normal controls, using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). METHODS: IVCM was used to capture central cornea images from eight volunteers with normal healthy eyes, ten patients with non-GVHD dry eye syndrome (DES) and 15 patients with clinically diagnosed oGVHD, in a cross-sectional study...
December 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Ahmad Kheirkhah, Yureeda Qazi, Michael A Arnoldner, Kunal Suri, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To compare densities of corneal epithelial dendritic cells (DCs), corneal subbasal nerves, and conjunctival epithelial immune cells (EICs) between patients with dry eye disease (DED) with and without graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). METHODS: This study included 54 patients who had moderate to severe DED either associated with (n = 33) or without (n = 21) chronic GVHD. In addition to evaluating clinical parameters of DED, images obtained by laser-scanning IVCM of the central cornea and superior tarsal conjunctiva were analyzed to measure densities of corneal epithelial DCs, corneal subbasal nerves, and conjunctival EICs...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Christiane Blecha, Daniel Wolff, Barbara Holler, Ernst Holler, Daniela Weber, Regine Vogt, Horst Helbig, Tina Dietrich-Ntoukas
The purpose of the study was to validate a recently proposed new grading system for ocular manifestations of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). Diagnosis of cGVHD was based on the NIH consensus criteria. In addition, a grading scale was applied, which has been developed by the German-Austrian-Swiss Consensus Conference on Clinical Practice in cGVHD. Sixty-six patients (male n = 46, female n = 20, mean age 48 years) with ocular cGVHD were included. Application of the proposed Consensus Conference grading revealed inflammatory activity in all patients with mild (33 %), moderate (44 %), or severe inflammation (23 %)...
February 2016: Annals of Hematology
P Eberwein, T Dietrich-Ntoukas, H Westekemper, C Cursiefen, P Steven
BACKGROUND: Ocular GvHD is a severe complication following allogenic blood stem cell transplantation leading to massive reduction in quality of life and ocular pathologies including corneal perforation. Interdisciplinary patient-centred care needs to be performed in specialized ophthalmic centers that provide all diagnostic and therapeutic options, however, only few clinics have the necessary infrastructure. In addition there is a lack of transparency and easily accessible information for the patients regarding ophthalmic care and specialized centres...
May 2015: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Peng Li, Yichen Sun, Sepideh Hariri, Zhehai Zhou, Yoshihiro Inamoto, Stephanie J Lee, Tueng T Shen, Ruikang K Wang
To explore ocular graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) imaging of eyelids, tear meniscus, cornea and conjunctiva is performed in subsequent sessions on a patient who has ocular GVHD after allogeneic related donor stem cell transplant. The OCT results are presented together with those from a normal subject. OCT imaging is promising in visualizing several ocular GVHD manifestations, such as abnormal meibomian gland orifice (MGO), conjunctival keratinization, conjunctival hyperemia and chemosis, corneal epithelium opacification, thinning and sloughing...
February 2015: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Samantha Herretes, Duncan B Ross, Stephanie Duffort, Henry Barreras, Tan Yaohong, Ali M Saeed, Juan C Murillo, Krishna V Komanduri, Robert B Levy, Victor L Perez
PURPOSE: The primary objective of the present study was to identify the kinetics and origin of ocular infiltrating T cells in a preclinical model of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) that induces eye tissue damage. METHODS: Graft-versus-host disease was induced using an major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-matched, minor histocompatibility-mismatched hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) model. This approach, which utilized congenic and EGFP-labeled donor populations, mimics a matched, clinically unrelated donor (MUD) cell transplant...
April 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
B Steger, L Speicher, W Philipp, N E Bechrakis
AIMS: To first describe in vivo confocal microscopic (IVCM) corneal findings in severe dry eye syndrome due to ocular chronic graft versus host disease (cGvHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: IVCM of the central cornea was performed in 12 prospectively recruited patients with severe ocular cGvHD associated dry eye syndrome and in six control patients with haematological malignancies without cGvHD. Within each examined corneal layer, at least three non-overlapping areas were selected for representative analysis...
February 2015: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Ho Sik Hwang, Eun Chul Kim, Man Soo Kim
PURPOSE: To introduce a novel interferometer and provide clinical data based on its use. METHODS: Twenty-two normal subjects, 27 patients with dry eye syndrome, 1 patient with obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction, and 2 patients with ocular graft-versus-host disease were included in the study. We cut a piece of copy paper to create an interferometer comprising a handle, a window, and an illumination area. The patient sits in front of a biomicroscope with his or her head fixed on the headrest...
August 2014: Cornea
Amr Nassar, Khalid F Tabbara, Mahmoud Aljurf
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has evolved over the past two decades to become the standard of care for hematologic and lymphoid malignancies. Major ocular complications after allogeneic HSCT have been increasing in number and severity. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a major cause of ocular morbidity after allogeneic HSCT. The main objective of this review is to elucidate the ocular complications in patients developing GVHD following HSCT. Ocular complications secondary to GVHD are common and include dry eye syndrome, acquisition of ocular allergy from donors with allergic disorders...
July 2013: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
Hai-xia Guo, Ke Huang, Dun-hua Zhou, Lin Wang, Jian-hui Xiao, Wen-jun Weng, Jian-pei Fang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize clinical features of eye Kaposis' sarcoma ( KS ) in leukemia child after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). METHODS: One 13 years-old child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and negative HIV test who developed KS restricted in right conjunctiva, cornea and sclera after successful allogeneic PBSCT was reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: The child suffered from T cell type ALL. He received immunosuppressive treatment after PBSCT, and had once extensive herpes zoster restricted in skin...
May 2013: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Edgar M Espana, Sejal Shah, Marcony R Santhiago, Arun D Singh
Graft versus H\host disease (GVHD) can be a devastating complication following bone marrow transplantation. Acute or chronic systemic GVHD can be lethal, and severe damage of different organs and tissues can occur with both types of GVHD. Ocular involvement, either in an acute or chronic presentation, may range from mild to severe with accompanying vision loss present in 60-90 % of patients. Chronic ocular GVHD, the most common form of GVHD, affects mainly the lacrimal gland, meibomian glands, cornea and conjunctiva, mimicking other immunologically mediated inflammatory diseases of the ocular surface without specific symptoms or signs...
May 2013: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Yair Ivanir, Avichai Shimoni, Orit Ezra-Nimni, Irina S Barequet
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence, severity, and effect of dry eye in patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) and to correlate the findings to the duration after transplantation. METHODS: A total of 222 eyes of 111 patients after aHSCT at the Department of Bone Marrow Transplantation, Sheba Medical Center, Israel in a consecutive 3-year period. All patients underwent a full ophthalmic examination and filled the ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire to assess ocular involvement in the form of dry eye syndrome or any other ocular manifestation...
May 2013: Cornea
Anjo Riemens, Elena Stoyanova, Aniki Rothova, Jonas Kuiper
PURPOSE: To investigate the profile of cytokines in tear fluid of patients after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) and determine their relation to the presence and manifestations of ocular graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). METHODS: In this cross sectional study tear fluid was collected in 34 consecutive adult patients that previously underwent allo-SCT (16 with ocular GvHD and 18 without) and 16 age- and gender-matched healthy controls using the Schirmer test under local anesthesia...
2012: Molecular Vision
Tina Dietrich-Ntoukas, Claus Cursiefen, Henrike Westekemper, Philipp Eberwein, Thomas Reinhard, Hartmut Bertz, Johannes Nepp, Anita Lawitschka, Arnd Heiligenhaus, Berthold Seitz, Elisabeth M Messmer, Tobias Meyer-ter-Vehn, Nadezda Basara, Hildegard Greinix, Manuel B Datiles, Stephanie J Lee, Steven Z Pavletic, Daniel Wolff
PURPOSE: Ocular chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is one of the most frequent long-term complications after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and is often associated with significant morbidity and reduced quality of life. METHODS: The German/Austrian/Swiss Consensus Conference on Clinical Practice in cGVHD aimed to summarize the currently available evidence for diagnosis and (topical) treatment and to summarize different treatment modalities of ocular cGVHD...
March 2012: Cornea
Min Ho Kang, Mee Kum Kim, Hyun Joo Lee, Hyeon Il Lee, Won Ryang Wee, Jin Hak Lee
Recently, the association of Th-17 cells or IL-17 with ocular inflammatory diseases such as uveitis, scleritis and dry eye syndrome was discovered. We assessed whether interleukin (IL)-17 was present in the tears of various ocular surface inflammatory diseases and the tear IL-17 concentrations were clinically correlated with various ocular surface inflammatory diseases. We measured concentrations of IL-17 in tears of normal subjects (n = 28) and patients (n = 141) with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), dry eye syndrome (DES), Sjögren syndrome (SS), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), filamentary keratitis, and autoimmune keratitis associated with rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus...
July 2011: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Tasha Tanhehco, Deborah S Jacobs
The Boston Ocular Surface Prosthesis (BOS-P) (Boston Foundation for Sight, Needham, MA) is a fluid-ventilated rigid gas-permeable scleral lens that is utilized for the treatment of irregular corneal astigmatism and severe ocular surface disease. Recent reports have highlighted the utility of the BOS-P as a therapeutic device in cases of persistent epithelial defects, corneal neovascularization, ocular graft versus host disease, and exposure keratopathy. Patients with significant cornea disease might also have glaucoma, and those who have undergone glaucoma surgery, which typically disrupts the limbus, present a challenge when fitting the BOS-P...
September 2010: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Rebeca Lorenzo Pérez, Jose A Pérez-Simón, Teresa Caballero-Velazquez, Teresa Flores, Soraya Carrancio, Carmen Herrero, Belén Blanco, Silvia Gutierrez-Cosio, Cristina Cañete-Campos, Fernando Cruz González, Jesus F San-Miguel, Emiliano Hernández-Galilea, Ignacio Sánchez-Abarca
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Although animal models have been clearly established for the study of skin, liver, and gut, currently there is no equivalent experiemental model for analyzing ocular involvement, which is rather common, especially among patients diagnosed with chronic GVHD. In the current study we have developed a murine model of ocular GVHD and, for the first time, we describe the histopathologic features involving cornea and limbus, which could play a role in the physiopathology of the disease at the ocular level...
February 2011: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Mikk Pauklin, Thomas A Fuchsluger, Henrike Westekemper, Klaus-P Steuhl, Daniel Meller
BACKGROUND: Limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) leads to growth of abnormal fibro-vascular pannus tissue onto the corneal surface as well as chronic inflammation and impaired vision. Our aim was to investigate the clinical outcome of ocular surface reconstruction in LSCD using limbal epithelial cells expanded on amniotic membrane (AM). METHODS: Forty-four eyes of 38 patients (27 male, 11 female) with total (n = 32) or partial (n = 12) LSCD were treated by transplantation of autologous (n = 30) or allogeneic (n = 14) limbal epithelial cells expanded on intact AM...
2010: Developments in Ophthalmology
Rengin Aslihan Kurt, Nilüfer Yalçindag, Huban Atilla, Mutlu Arat
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of topical cyclosporine-A in dry eye associated with chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) in 8 patients. Visual acuity, fluorescein staining of cornea and conjunctiva, tear break-up time, Schirmer test results and subjective complaints were recorded. Topical cyclosporine-A might be an effective and safe treatment option in dry eye related to chronic GVHD.
October 2009: Annals of Ophthalmology
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