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topical cyclosporin

Jee Hee Son, Sook Young Park, Yong Se Cho, Bo Young Chung, Hye One Kim, Chun Wook Park
Corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic agents used in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, including allergic disease. They are frequently considered the therapy-of-choice for many skin diseases. However, allergic reactions caused by corticosteroids have been reported. Among these, delayed reactions to topical steroids are more common, whereas immediate reactions to systemic steroids are rare. Herein, we report the case of a 32-year-old woman with triamcinolone-induced immediate hypersensitivity reaction, in which the patient had a positive prick test result with triamcinolone...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Mio Nakamura, Michael Abrouk, Benjamin Farahnik, Tian H Zhu, Tina Bhutani
The management of psoriatic disease in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive population is challenging. The clinical course often is progressive and refractory; therefore, first- and second-line therapies including topical agents, phototherapy, and oral retinoids often are inadequate. Most other currently available systemic therapies for psoriatic disease are immunosuppressive, which poses a distinct clinical challenge. A comprehensive systematic review of the literature via a PubMed search of articles indexed for MEDLINE using the terms psoriasis and HIV and psoriatic arthritis and HIV combined with several systemic immunosuppressive agents yielded a total of 25 reported cases of systemic immunosuppressive therapies used to treat psoriatic disease in HIV-positive patients including methotrexate, cyclosporine, etanercept, adalimumab, infliximab, and ustekinumab...
January 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Franck Fajnkuchen, Denis Barritault, Audrey Giocanti-Aurégan
RATIONALE: Sjögren syndrome (SS) is frequently associated with ulcerative keratitis, which is difficult to treat due to lacrimal tear deficiency and inflammation of the ocular surface. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the successful additive effect of a matrix regenerating agent (RGTA, Cacicol) in SS patients with severe superficial ulcerative keratitis resistant to conventional therapy. DIAGNOSES: Retrospective, noncomparative case series of patients with primary or secondary SS associated with chronic diffuse keratitis...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Danielle R McClanahan, Joseph C English
Nail psoriasis (NP) and nail lichen planus (NLP) can be limiting, stigmatizing and difficult to treat. Dermatologists commonly treat psoriasis and lichen planus but when associated onychodystrophy is present or is an isolated finding, some develop apprehension. The goal of this review is to develop therapeutic ladders to be used as a guide for the management of NP and NLP in everyday clinical practice. Evidence-based therapies for NP are robust and range from topical treatments to conventional systemic therapies (i...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Pierre-Jean Pisella, Marc Labetoulle, Serge Doan, Beatrice Cochener-Lamard, Mourad Amrane, Dahlia Ismail, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, Christophe Baudouin
Purpose: The objective of this study was to report the evaluation of efficacy and safety of cyclosporine A cationic emulsion (CsA CE) 0.1% for the treatment of severe keratitis in adults with dry eye disease (DED) in a French early-access program. Methods: Patients with DED and severe keratitis (corneal fluorescein staining [CFS] score of 3-5 on the Oxford scale and/or the presence of corneal lesions [filaments or ulcers]) were enrolled in a compassionate use program (Authorization for Temporary Use [ATU]) for once-daily CsA CE, which was approved by French health authorities prior to its registration...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Passara Jongkhajornpong, Wannada Laisuan
Purpose: We report a case of refractory atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) which was successfully treated with subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT). Case Report: A 22-year-old woman presented with severe allergic conjunctivitis for one and a half year. She failed to respond to conventional topical anti-allergic medications, topical corticosteroid, as well as topical cyclosporine A. Therefore, oral corticosteroids had to be prescribed to control the exacerbation for 1 year...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
F Rouimi, A Bouillot, C Baudouin, A Labbé
INTRODUCTION: Cyclosporine A (CsA) has well-known cutaneous carcinogenic effects when administered systemically. In ophthalmology, it is increasingly used in the form of eye drops since its indication for moderate to severe eye dry eye. The goal of this review of the literature is to evaluate a possible link between topical ocular CsA use and the occurrence of ocular surface neoplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed. Publications evaluating the safety and efficacy of topical CsA as well as studies on the epidemiology and risk factors for conjunctival neoplasia and cases of conjunctival neoplasia were analyzed...
February 2, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Solam Lee, Noo Ri Lee, Sung Jay Choe, Beom Jun Kim, Minseob Eom, Eung Ho Choi
Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) is lymphoplasmacytoid malignancy that affects B lymphocytes. Cutaneous involvement of WM is rare, but various cutaneous manifestations have been reported. These findings are due to various pathological processes including direct invasion of tumor cells into the skin, deposition of paraproteins, hyperviscosity syndrome, and cryoglobulinemia. A 64-year-old man presented with a 10-day history of pruritic erythematous papules and plaques on his trunk and elbows. The clinical features were suspicious for eczematous dermatitis...
February 2018: Annals of Dermatology
Sébastien Godat, Nicolas Fournier, Ekaterina Safroneeva, Pascal Juillerat, Andreas Nydegger, Alex Straumann, Stephan Vavricka, Luc Biedermann, Thomas Greuter, Montserrat Fraga, Karim Abdelrahman, Dieter Hahnloser, Bernhard Sauter, Gerhard Rogler, Pierre Michetti, Alain M Schoepfer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Systematic analyses of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) drug-related side effects necessitating treatment cessation in large cohorts of patients with IBD are scarce. We aimed to assess the frequency and type of drug-related side effects requiring drug cessation in patients included in the Swiss IBD Cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of data from the Swiss IBD Cohort physician questionnaires documenting a treatment cessation for the following drug categories: aminosalicylates, topical and systemic steroids, thiopurines, methotrexate, tumor necrosis factor-antagonists, and calcineurin inhibitors (tacrolimus, cyclosporine)...
January 30, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Priyanka Agarwal, Dieter Scherer, Bernhard Günther, Ilva D Rupenthal
Semifluorinated alkanes (SFAs) are amphiphilic liquids that can dissolve hydrophobic drugs to form clear solutions. This study evaluated the potential of two SFAs to act as vehicle for topical ocular drug delivery. After confirming ocular safety, an ex vivo corneal penetration model was developed to determine drug distribution and corneal bioavailability. Hydrophobic dye distribution in the different corneal layers was visualised under a confocal microscope. Corneal bioavailability of cyclosporine A (CsA) dissolved in perfluorobutylpentane (F4H5) or perfluorohexyloctane (F6H8) was compared to commercially available CsA ophthalmic emulsions, Restasis® and Ikervis®...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Rana Altan-Yaycioglu, Serkan Poyraz
Adenoviral conjunctivitis may lead to subepithelial corneal infiltrates as a late complication. Herein, we aim to present a 19-year-old healthy female, who developed bilateral disciform keratitis three weeks after suffering adenoviral conjunctivitis. She presented with widespread subepithelial corneal infiltrates in addition to central corneal edema with white distinct border resembling immune stromal ring, as well as Descemet's folds and keratic precipitates in the central area. Following topical corticosteroid and ganciclovir for 10 days, her condition improved...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Dimitrios Kalogeropoulos, Aliki Geka, Konstantinos Malamos, Maria Kanari, Chris Kalogeropoulos
BACKGROUND Keratitis caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) can have detrimental effects on the cornea leading to loss of vision. Modern therapies can contribute to the prevention of anatomical and functional damage. CASE REPORT An 80-year-old male with complicated HSV-1 keratitis of the left eye (confirmed diagnosis after microbiological investigation) presented three months after antiviral treatment with corneal blurring, severe epitheliopathy, thinning of the stroma, and neovascularization. At the time he was referred, the visual acuity of his left eye was very low, as he could only count fingers at a one-foot distance...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
Constance N White, Martin J Downes, Gareth Jones, Corinne Wigfall, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
There is little peer-reviewed research assessing therapeutic effectiveness in canine eye disease. Current treatments used in first opinion and ophthalmology referral practices are also somewhat poorly documented. The aim of this study was to investigate the current management of canine keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) and acute primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) by veterinary surgeons. Questionnaires using clinical vignettes were administered to a cross section of general practitioners ('GPs') and veterinarians engaged in or training for postgraduate ophthalmology practice ('PGs')...
December 23, 2017: Veterinary Record
S Schneider-Burrus, E Arpa, C Kors, T Stavermann, R Sabat, G Kokolakis
Acne inversa is a chronic inflammatory destructive skin disease that affects about 1% of the population. The therapy should be personalized and consists of surgical and conservative procedures. Antibiotics are administered either topically or systemically. Combination therapy with clindamycin and rifampicin for 10-12 weeks can be very effective. Furthermore, TNF-α inhibitors show adequate efficacy and can be recommended. Adalimumab is the only approved drug product for systemic treatment of acne inversa...
December 12, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Kendrick Co Shih, Christie Nicole Lun, Vishal Jhanji, Bernard Yu-Hor Thong, Louis Tong
Primary Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more effective than topical cyclosporine in the treatment of dry eye symptoms and signs; similarly, indomethacin eye drops over 1 month were more efficacious than diclofenac eye drops...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
C Cagini, B Iaccheri, G Torroni, T Fiore, A Cerquaglia, M Lupidi, S Cillino, H S Dua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Eye
L R Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Eye
Paolo Romita, Grazia Ettorre, Tamara Bufano, Andrea Marzullo, Andrea Ballini, Gianna Dipalma, Francesco Inchingolo, Caterina Foti
Lichen striatus is an acquired, benign, linear inflammatory dermatosis characterized by a sudden skin eruption along Blaschko's lines that usually is not associated with specific etiologic agents. In most cases, it is a self-limited dermatosis, but may relapse. Topical steroids are its first-line therapy, but this treatment is not always effective. We describe the case of a 45-year-old woman affected by a lichen striatus on her right limb resistant to topical corticosteroid therapy. The patient was successfully treated with cyclosporine (4 mg/kg/die) for 4 weeks with no recurrence of the dermatitis during the subsequent 1-year follow-up period...
December 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Rupin N Parikh, Harpal S Sandhu, Giacomina Massaro-Giordano, Scott M Goldstein, Joan M OʼBrien
PURPOSE: To describe a case of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH) of the conjunctiva responding to cyclosporine immunosuppressant monotherapy. METHODS: A 66-year-old man with a 2-year history of biopsy-proven bilateral RLH presented for dry eye evaluation with chief complaints of burning, stinging, and irritation in both eyes. After slit-lamp examination and positive findings of matrix metalloproteinase 9 in the patient's tear film, he was diagnosed with meibomian gland dysfunction and tear-insufficiency dry eye disease...
November 10, 2017: Cornea
Antonios G A Kolios, Alissa Gübeli, Barbara Meier, Julia-Tatjana Maul, Thomas Kündig, Jakob Nilsson, Jürg Hafner, Emmanuella Guenova, Katrin Kerl, Mark Anliker, Werner Kempf, Alexander A Navarini, Lars E French, Antonio Cozzio
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare, neutrophilic dermatosis often associated with an underlying disease, and clinical data or larger studies are rare. METHODS: In this retrospective study, disease characteristics, clinical manifestations, and treatment response were evaluated in a Swiss cohort of PG patients. RESULTS: In participating centers, 34 cases (21 females) of PG were analyzed based on clinical and histological presentation between 2002 and 2012...
November 7, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
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