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ring segment

Karina Panczyk, Karolina Gaweda, Mateusz Drach, Wojciech Plazinski
An extension of the GROMOS 56a6CARBO/CARBO_R force field for hexopyranose-based carbohydrates is presented. The additional parameters describe the conformational properties of uronate residues. The three distinct chemical states of the carboxyl group are considered: deprotonated (negatively charged), protonated (neutral) and esterified (neutral). The parameterization procedure was based on quantum-chemical calculations and the resulting parameters were tested in the context of: (i) flexibility of the pyranose rings under different pH conditions; (ii) conformation of the glycosidic linkage of the (1→4)-type for uronates with different chemical states of carboxyl moieties; (iii) conformation of the exocyclic (i...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
David Dreizin, Uttam Bodanapally, Alexis Boscak, Nikki Tirada, Ghada Issa, Jason W Nascone, Louis Bivona, Daniel Mascarenhas, Robert V O'Toole, Erika Nixon, Rong Chen, Eliot Siegel
Purpose To develop and test a computed tomography (CT)-based predictive model for major arterial injury after blunt pelvic ring disruptions that incorporates semiautomated pelvic hematoma volume quantification. Materials and Methods A multivariable logistic regression model was developed in patients with blunt pelvic ring disruptions who underwent arterial phase abdominopelvic CT before angiography from 2008 to 2013. Arterial injury at angiography requiring transarterial embolization (TAE) served as the outcome...
March 20, 2018: Radiology
N P Pashtaev, N A Pozdeeva, V V Zotov, M V Sinitsyn, M A Shcheglova
AIM: to conduct a comparative experimental study of the effect of the use of intracorneal implants during femtosecond laser-assisted intrastromal pocket (IP) and intrastromal tunnel (IT) formation on the strength properties of the cornea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The experimental study was performed on 24 corneas of 12 rabbit eyes enucleated 1 month after slaughtering. All eyes were divided into 6 groups according to the method of operation. IP and IT were created with IntraLase FS 60 kHz femtolaser...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Christian Haselmair-Gosch, Silvija Miosic, Daria Nitarska, Barbara L Roth, Benjamin Walliser, Renate Paltram, Rares C Lucaciu, Lukas Eidenberger, Thomas Rattei, Klaus Olbricht, Karl Stich, Heidi Halbwirth
A recall campaign for commercial, orange flowering petunia varieties in spring 2017 caused economic losses worldwide. The orange varieties were identified as undeclared genetically engineered (GE)-plants, harboring a maize dihydroflavonol 4-reductase ( DFR, A 1 ), which was used in former scientific transgenic breeding attempts to enable formation of orange pelargonidin derivatives from the precursor dihydrokaempferol (DHK) in petunia. How and when the A 1 cDNA entered the commercial breeding process is unclear...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
David Dreizin, Uttam Bodanapally, Daniel Mascarenhas, Robert V O'Toole, Nikki Tirada, Ghada Issa, Jason Nascone
OBJECTIVE: To assess effects of pelvic binders for different instability grades using quantitative multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) parameters including segmented pelvic haematoma volumes and multiplanar caliper measurements. METHODS: CT examinations of 49 patients with binders and 49 controls performed from January 2008-June 2016, and matched 1:1 for Tile instability grade and Pennal/Young-Burgess force vector, were compared for differences in pubic symphysis and sacroiliac displacement using caliper measurements in three orthogonal planes...
March 13, 2018: European Radiology
Y C Yin, R P Zhang, S L Li, Z Y Hou, W Chen, Y Z Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the possibility of transverse sacroiliac screw placement in different segments of the sacrum. Methods: Data of 80 pelvic CT scans (slice thickness ≤1.0 mm) archived in CT department of the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from September 2016 to October 2017 were retrospectively collected. Mimics software was used to rebuild the pelvis three-dimensional model. According to whether the sacral 1(S(1)) segment could place the transverse sacroiliac screws or not, all the sacrums were divided into normal group ( n =55) and dysmorphic group ( n =25)...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Fabian Plank, Christoph Beyer, Guy Friedrich, Markus Stühlinger, Florian Hintringer, Wolfgang Dichtl, Matthias Wildauer, Gudrun Feuchtner
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are associated with increased vascular calcification which may lead to an elevated cardiovascular risk. If the direct anticoagulants (DOACs) have similar negative vascular effects is unknown. We evaluated the influence of different anticoagulation strategies on coronary artery disease (CAD) using coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). METHODS: Overall 702 consecutive patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent CTA for AF ablation planning were enrolled and stratified according to their anticoagulation into VKA, DOAC (all agents) and a control group without oral anticoagulation...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Zisis Gatzioufas, Georgios D Panos, Mohamed Elalfy, Aye Khine, Samer Hamada, Damian Lake, Nikos Kozeis, Miltos Balidis
PURPOSE: To investigate the potential impact of cone eccentricity on visual outcomes after Keraring (Mediphacos, Belo Horizonte, Brazil) implantation for keratoconus. METHODS: Nineteen eyes from 19 patients with keratoconus who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted Keraring implantation for keratoconus were included in this retrospective study. Uncorrected visual acuity (UDVA), corrected visual acuity (CDVA), keratometric readings, central corneal thickness, maximum keratometric distance from corneal apex (DKmax), corneal thinnest point from corneal apex (DTh), and coma were evaluated preoperatively and 6 months after the Keraring implantation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Tiago Monteiro, José F Alfonso, Nuno Franqueira, Fernando Faria-Correia, Renato Ambrósio, David Madrid-Costa
PURPOSE: To compare the predictability of intrastromal tunnel depth creation for intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) implantation between manual dissection and femtosecond laser using a high-resolution anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). METHODS: This multicenter study included patients with keratoconus who had Ferrara-type ICRS implantation at Hospital de Braga using manual dissection and at the Fernandez-Vega Ophthalmological Institute using the femtosecond laser technique...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Likun Duan, Yan Zhao
Folate receptors are overexpressed on cancer cells and frequently used for targeted delivery. Creation of synthetic receptors to bind folic acid and its analogues in water, however, is challenging because of its complex hydrogen-bonding patterns and competition for hydrogen bonds from the solvent. Micellar imprinting within cross-linkable surfactants circumvented these problems because the nonpolar micellar environment strengthened the hydrogen bonds between the amide group in the surfactant and the template molecule...
March 7, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Marc Valera-Melé, Anna Puigdellívol-Sánchez, Marija Mavar-Haramija, Juan A Juanes-Méndez, Luis San-Román, Matteo de Notaris, Alberto Prats-Galino
We describe a new and freely available 3D interactive model of the intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and the skull base that also allows to display and compare its main segment classifications. High-resolution 3D human angiography (isometric voxel's size 0.36 mm) and Computed Tomography angiography images were exported to Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) format for processing in a 3D software platform and embedding in a 3D Portable Document Format (PDF) document that can be freely downloaded at http://diposit...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Kathryn E Hendee, Elena A Sorokina, Sanaa S Muheisen, Linda M Reis, Rebecca C Tyler, Vujica Markovic, Goran Cuturilo, Brian A Link, Elena V Semina
The PITX2 (paired-like homeodomain 2) gene encodes a bicoid-like homeodomain transcription factor linked with several human disorders. The main associated congenital phenotype is Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, type 1 (ARS), an autosomal dominant condition characterized by variable defects in the anterior segment of the eye, an increased risk of glaucoma, craniofacial dysmorphism and dental and umbilical anomalies; in addition to this, one report implicated PITX2 in ring dermoid of the cornea and a few others described cardiac phenotypes...
March 1, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Raluca Pascalau, Roxana Popa Stănilă, Silviu Sfrângeu, Bianca Szabo
BACKGROUND: The limbic tracts are involved in crucial cerebral functions such as memory, emotion and behavior. The complex architecture of the limbic circuit makes it harder to approach compared to other white matter networks. Our study aims to describe the three-dimensional anatomy of the limbic white matter by use of two complementary study methods, namely ex vivo fiber dissection and in vivo MRI based tractography. METHODS: Three fiber dissection protocols were performed using blunt wooden instruments and a surgical microscope on formalin fixed brains prepared according to the Klingler method...
February 28, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Qiping Hu, Hongyan Chai, Wei Shu, Peining Li
Background: Constitutional ring chromosomes are rare orphan chromosomal disorders. Ring chromosome syndrome featuring growth retardation and mild to intermediate intellectual disability is likely caused by the dynamic behavior of ring chromosome through cell cycles. Chromosomal and regional specific phenotypes likely result from segmental losses and gains during the ring formation. Although recent applications of genomic copy number and sequencing analyses revealed various ring chromosome structures from an increasing number of case studies, there was no organized effort for compilating and curating cytogenomic and clinical finding for ring chromosomes...
2018: Molecular Cytogenetics
Margherita Conchedda, Aldo Caddori, Alessia Caredda, Salvatore Capra, Gianfranco Bortoletti
To evaluate the relationship between cyst activity and calcification degree in cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans, 99 hepatic cysts at successive stages of involution, surgically excised from 72 Sardinian patients, have been analyzed. Cysts were classified into 4 groups according to calcification extent: CALC 0 (no calcification); CALC 1 (scattered punctate calcifications); CALC 2 (large coarse segmental/partial calcifications); CALC 3 (complete or nearly complete circumferential ring of calcification up to thick wall of osseous consistency/calcified content of cyst)...
February 24, 2018: Acta Tropica
O K Uche, J O Ofeimun
The mechanism of kolaviron-induced vascular smooth muscles (VSMs) responses has not been fullycharacterised. The present study investigated the effect and mode of action of kolaviron a biflavanoid-complex and majorcomponent of Garcinia Kola-fraction on differential contractile responses to agonists-[phenylephrine (PHE) and histamine(HIST)] on VSMs of rabbit isolated aortic rings in K+-free physiological salt solution (KFPSS). Cumulative concentrationresponses to PHE and HIST were examined on 2 mm ring segments of the thoracic aortae which were suspended in 20 mlorgan baths containing physiological salt solution (PSS) for measurement of isometric contractions, at 370C and pH 7...
December 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
Guo-Qiang Yuan, Song Gao, Yong-Jian Geng, Yao-Ping Tang, Min-Juan Zheng, Harnath S Shelat, Scott Collins, Han-Jing Wu, Yi-Ling Wu
Background: Our previous studies have shown that Tongxinluo (TXL), a compound Chinese medicine, can decrease myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, protect capillary endothelium function, and lessen cardiac ventricle reconstitution in animal models. The aim of this study was to illuminate whether TXL can improve hypercholesterolemia-impaired heart function by protecting artery endothelial function and increasing microvascular density (MVD) in heart. Furthermore, we will explore the underlying molecular mechanism of TXL cardiovascular protection...
March 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Ditte Marie Jensen, Daniel Vest Christophersen, Majid Sheykhzade, Gry Freja Skovsted, Jens Lykkesfeldt, Rasmus Münter, Martin Roursgaard, Steffen Loft, Peter Møller
BACKGROUND: Humans are continuously exposed to particles in the gastrointestinal tract. Exposure may occur directly through ingestion of particles via food or indirectly by removal of inhaled material from the airways by the mucociliary clearance system. We examined the effects of food-grade particle exposure on vasomotor function and systemic oxidative stress in an ex vivo study and intragastrically exposed rats. METHODS: In an ex vivo study, aorta rings from naïve Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed for 30 min to food-grade TiO2 (E171), benchmark TiO2 (Aeroxide P25), food-grade vegetable carbon (E153) or benchmark carbon black (Printex 90)...
February 26, 2018: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
Alvenia Cairncross, Peter B Noble, Peter K McFawn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lung hyperinflation and reduced bronchodilation to deep inspiration (DI) are features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Hyperinflation might impair the ability of a DI to stretch airway smooth muscle (ASM), as the bronchi operate at a stiff region of the pressure-volume curve. METHODS: Bronchial segments from pig lungs were mounted in an organ bath and equilibrated at either 5 cm H2 O (control) or 20 cm H2 O (hyperinflated) transmural pressure (Ptm )...
February 20, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Abdelrahim Zoued, Jean-Pierre Duneau, Eric Durand, Alexandre P España, Laure Journet, Françoise Guerlesquin, Eric Cascales
The Type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a multiprotein complex used by bacteria to deliver effectors into target cells. The T6SS comprises a bacteriophage-like contractile tail structure anchored to the cell envelope by a membrane complex constituted of the TssJ outer membrane lipoprotein and the TssL and TssM inner membrane proteins. TssJ establishes contact with the periplasmic domain of TssM whereas the transmembrane segments of TssM and its cytoplasmic domain interact with TssL. TssL protrudes in the cytoplasm but is anchored by a C-terminal transmembrane helix (TMH)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
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