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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918353/removal-and-repositioning-of-intracorneal-ring-segments-improving-corneal-topography-and-clinical-outcomes-in-keratoconus-and-ectasia
#1
Kahei Chan, Peter S Hersh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of removal and relocation of intracorneal ring segments for improving outcomes in treatment of keratoconus and corneal ectasia. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series conducted at a cornea and refractive surgery subspecialty practice setting. Patients with previous insertion of 2 intracorneal ring segments underwent surgical removal and repositioning of segments because of unsatisfactory visual and topographic outcomes. The principal outcomes included uncorrected and corrected visual acuities, manifest refraction, topography-derived maximum keratometry (Kmax), inferior-superior topography power difference (I - S), and higher-order aberration profile derived from wavefront analysis...
December 1, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913626/ring-enhancing-spinal-cord-lesions-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders
#2
Nicholas L Zalewski, Padraig P Morris, Brian G Weinshenker, Claudia F Lucchinetti, Yong Guo, Sean J Pittock, Karl N Krecke, Timothy J Kaufmann, Dean M Wingerchuk, Neeraj Kumar, Eoin P Flanagan
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the frequency and characteristics of ring-enhancing spinal cord lesions in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) myelitis and myelitis of other cause. METHODS: We reviewed spinal cord MRIs for ring-enhancing lesions from 284 aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-IgG seropositive patients at Mayo Clinic from 1996 to 2014. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) AQP4-IgG seropositivity, (2) myelitis attack and (3) MRI spinal cord demonstrating ring-enhancement...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897128/defining-the-limits-of-endoscopic-access-to-internal-auditory-canal
#3
Adam Master, Mickie Hamiter, Maura Cosetti
OBJECTIVE: To quantify surgical access to the internal auditory canal (IAC) using an exclusively endoscopic transcanal approach (EETA) and investigate surgically relevant relationships with neurovascular and osseous landmarks of the temporal bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anatomical dissection of two paired temporal bones and 15 unpaired temporal bones was performed using an exclusively endoscopic approach to IAC. The dissection proceeded until the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) could be accessed...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871865/iterative-reconstruction-of-radially-sampled-31-p-bssfp-data-using-prior-information-from-1-h-mri
#4
Kristian Rink, Nadia Benkhedah, Moritz C Berger, Christine Gnahm, Nicolas G R Behl, Jonathan M Lommen, Vanessa Stahl, Peter Bachert, Mark E Ladd, Armin M Nagel
The purpose of this study is to improve direct phosphorus ((31)P) MR imaging. Therefore, 3D density-adapted radially-sampled balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) sequences were developed and an iterative approach exploiting additional anatomical information from hydrogen ((1)H) data was evaluated. Three healthy volunteers were examined at B0=7T in order to obtain the spatial distribution of the phosphocreatine (PCr) intensities in the human calf muscle with a nominal isotropic resolution of 10mm in an acquisition time of 10min...
November 19, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861601/the-development-of-drosophila-melanogaster-under-different-duration-space-flight-and-subsequent-adaptation-to-earth-gravity
#5
Irina V Ogneva, Stepan N Belyakin, Svetlana V Sarantseva
In prospective human exploration of outer space, the need to preserve a species over several generations under changed gravity conditions may arise. This paper demonstrates our results in the creation of the third generation of fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster (third-stage larvae) during the 44.5-day space flight (Foton-M4 satellite (2014, Russia)), then the fourth generation on Earth and the fifth generation again in conditions of the 12-day space flight (2014, in the Russian Segment of the ISS). The species preserves fertility despite a number of changes in the level of expression and content of cytoskeletal proteins, which are the key components of the cleavage spindle and the contractile ring of cells...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861426/mastering-mitral-leaflets-coaptation-after-valve-repair-with-adjustable-mitral-annuloplasty-ring-prove-of-concept-in-mock-loop-study
#6
Piergiorgio Tozzi, Daniel Hayoz, Carlo Antona, Gianfranco B Fiore, Giuseppe Siniscalchi, Enrico Ferrari, Gérard Baeriswyl, Riccardo Vismara
This investigation sought to determine the feasibility of a novel mitral ring designed to reshape mitral annulus on beating heart, after surgery. The mitral ring is intended to improve mitral leaflets coaptation to correct residual and recurrent mitral regurgitations. It could also provide progressive correction of mitral regurgitation. The device was tested in ex vivo beating heart model.The novel mitral ring is selectively deformable in P1, P2 and P3 segments using a dedicated angioplasty-type balloon. The deformation should increase leaflets' coaptation reducing distance between the two leaflets...
November 15, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853497/imaging-findings-in-patients-with-granulomatous-mastitis
#7
Pelin Seher Oztekin, Gamze Durhan, Pinar Nercis Kosar, Serap Erel, Sema Hucumenoglu
BACKGROUND: Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a rare inflammatory breast disease that may mimic the clinical characteristics and radiologic imaging findings of breast carcinoma. Considering the importance of making a correct diagnosis, careful radiologic evaluations and recognition of imaging features are necessary. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review the radiological findings and diagnostic value of the imaging in GM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study involved a total of 29 patients who were diagnosed with GM between 2009 and 2013 and who underwent mammography (MG) and/or ultrasound (US) examination in addition to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before diagnosis...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853125/canine-wound-myiasis-caused-by-lucilia-sericata-diptera-calliphoridae-in-korea
#8
Seongjun Choe, Dongmin Lee, Hansol Park, Hyeong-Kyu Jeon, Hakhyun Kim, Ji-Houn Kang, Cha-Ho Jee, Keeseon S Eom
Myiasis is a relatively common infection of animals kept as pets, although only 1 case of canine myiasis has been described so far in the Republic of Korea. In the present study, we report an additional case of canine wound myiasis with identification of its causative agent, Lucilia sericata. An 8-year-old male Siberian husky dog was referred with anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea to the Chungbuk National University Veterinary Medical Center, Cheongju-si (city), Chungcheongbuk-do (province), Korea in July 2013...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842540/the-impact-of-low-frequency-low-force-cyclic-stretching-of-human-bronchi-on-airway-responsiveness
#9
Morgan Le Guen, Stanislas Grassin-Delyle, Emmanuel Naline, Amparo Buenestado, Marion Brollo, Elisabeth Longchampt, Philippe Kleinmann, Philippe Devillier, Christophe Faisy
BACKGROUND: In vivo, the airways are constantly subjected to oscillatory strain (due to tidal breathing during spontaneous respiration) and (in the event of mechanical ventilation) positive pressure. This exposure is especially problematic for the cartilage-free bronchial tree. The effects of cyclic stretching (other than high-force stretching) have not been extensively characterized. Hence, the objective of the present study was to investigate the functional and transcriptional response of human bronchi to repetitive mechanical stress caused by low-frequency, low-force cyclic stretching...
November 14, 2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811562/outcomes-of-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-in-toxic-anterior-segment-syndrome-after-phacoemulsification
#10
Manpreet Kaur, Jeewan S Titiyal, Ruchita Falera, Tarun Arora, Namrata Sharma
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual and anatomical outcomes of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in patients with toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS). METHODS: Fourteen eyes of 14 patients who underwent clear corneal DSAEK for endothelial decompensation secondary to TASS after phacoemulsification were included in this prospective study. Intraoperative surgical difficulties were noted. Preoperative and postoperative evaluation of visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, and endothelial count was performed in all cases...
January 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804048/clinical-evaluation-of-two-types-of-intracorneal-ring-segments-icrs-for-keratoconus
#11
Waleed S Al-Tuwairqi, Uchechukwu L Osuagwu, Haya Razzouk, Ahmed AlHarbi, Kelechi C Ogbuehi
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome measures following implantation of two types of ICRS. METHODS: Forty-four eyes of keratoconic patients (aged 18-50 years) were randomly assigned to femtosecond laser-assisted Keraring ICRS (Group A) or MyoRing (Group B) implantation. Uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuities, refraction, keratometry (K), and aberrations were compared preoperatively, at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. A survey was conducted to assess patient's satisfaction, 6 months postoperatively...
November 1, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802612/computer-simulations-of-melts-of-randomly-branching-polymers
#12
Angelo Rosa, Ralf Everaers
Randomly branching polymers with annealed connectivity are model systems for ring polymers and chromosomes. In this context, the branched structure represents transient folding induced by topological constraints. Here we present computer simulations of melts of annealed randomly branching polymers of 3 ≤ N ≤ 1800 segments in d = 2 and d = 3 dimensions. In all cases, we perform a detailed analysis of the observed tree connectivities and spatial conformations. Our results are in excellent agreement with an asymptotic scaling of the average tree size of R ∼ N(1/d), suggesting that the trees behave as compact, territorial fractals...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795856/polar-value-analysis-of-corneal-astigmatism-in-intrastromal-corneal-ring-segment-implantation
#13
Chang Rae Rho, Min-Ji Kim, Choun-Ki Joo
Purpose. To evaluate surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) and the average corneal power change in symmetric intrastromal corneal ring segment (ICRS) implantation. Methods. The study included 34 eyes of 34 keratoconus patients who underwent symmetric Intacs SK ICRS implantation. The corneal pocket incision meridian was the preoperative steep meridian. Corneal power data were obtained before and 3 months after Intacs SK ICRS implantation using scanning-slit topography. Polar value analysis was used to evaluate the SIA...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788133/of-rings-and-rods-regulating-cohesin-entrapment-of-dna-to-generate-intra-and-intermolecular-tethers
#14
REVIEW
Robert V Skibbens
The clinical relevance of cohesin in DNA repair, tumorigenesis, and severe birth defects continues to fuel efforts in understanding cohesin structure, regulation, and enzymology. Early models depicting huge cohesin rings that entrap two DNA segments within a single lumen are fading into obscurity based on contradictory findings, but elucidating cohesin structure amid a myriad of functions remains challenging. Due in large part to integrated uses of a wide range of methodologies, recent advances are beginning to cast light into the depths that previously cloaked cohesin structure...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787251/analytical-formula-for-two-dimensional-ring-artefact-suppression
#15
Valeriy Titarenko
Ring artefacts are the most disturbing artefacts when reconstructed volumes are segmented. A lot of effort has already been put into better X-ray optics, scintillators and detectors in order to minimize the appearance of these artefacts. However, additional processing is often required after standard flat-field correction. Several methods exist to suppress artefacts. One group of methods is based on minimization of the Tikhonov functional. An analytical formula for processing of a single sinogram was developed...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781227/on-the-tree-like-structure-of-rings-in-dense-solutions
#16
D Michieletto
One of the most challenging problems in polymer physics is providing a theoretical description for the behaviour of rings in dense solutions and melts. Although it is nowadays well established that the overall size of a ring in these conditions scales like that of a collapsed globule, there is compelling evidence that rings may exhibit ramified and tree-like conformations. In this work I show how to characterise these local tree-like structures by measuring the local writhing of the rings' segments and by identifying the patterns of intra-chain contacts...
October 26, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775204/inherent-conformational-preferences-of-ac-gln-gln-nhbn-sidechain-hydrogen-bonding-supports-a-%C3%AE-turn-in-the-gas-phase
#17
Patrick S Walsh, Karl N Blodgett, Carl McBurney, Samuel H Gellman, Timothy S Zwier
Gas-phase single-conformation spectroscopy is used to study Ac-Gln-Gln-NHBn in order to probe the interplay between sidechain hydrogen bonding and backbone conformational preferences. This small, amide-rich peptide offers many possibilities for backbone-backbone, sidechain-backbone, and sidechain-sidechain interactions. The major conformer observed experimentally features a type-I β-turn with a canonical 10-membered ring C=O-H-N hydrogen bond between backbone amide groups. In addition, the C=O group of each Gln sidechain participates in a seven-membered ring hydrogen bond with the backbone NH of the same residue...
November 14, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774855/preparation-and-properties-of-biomedical-segmented-polyurethanes-based-on-poly-ether-ester-and-uniform-size-diurethane-diisocyanates
#18
Shengnan Yin, Yiran Xia, Qi Jia, Zhao-Sheng Hou, Na Zhang
This study describes the preparation and properties of a novel aliphatic cost-effective segmented polyurethanes (SPUs) based on poly(ether ester) (poly-(ε-caprolactone-co-L-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly-(ε-caprolactone-co-L- lactide), PECLA) and uniform-size diurethane diisocyanates (HDI-BDO-HDI). PECLA was synthesized via bulk ring-opening polymerization with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as an initiator and ε-caprolactone, L-lactide as monomers. By chain extension of PECLA diol with HDI-BDO-HDI, three SPUs with different hydrophilic segments content and hard segments content were obtained...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768305/self-assembly-of-catenanes-from-lasso-peptides
#19
Caitlin D Allen, A James Link
Lasso peptides exist naturally in a threaded state as [1]rotaxanes, and we reasoned that lasso peptides cleaved in their loop region could serve as building blocks for catenanes. Mutagenesis of the lasso peptide microcin J25 (MccJ25) with two cysteine residues followed by cleavage of the peptide with trypsin led to a [2]rotaxane structure that self-assembled into a [3]catenane and [4]catenanes at room temperature in aqueous solution. The [3]catenane represents the smallest ring size of a catenane composed solely of polypeptide segments...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758038/acid-cleavable-unimolecular-micelles-from-amphiphilic-star-copolymers-for-triggered-release-of-anticancer-drugs
#20
Shan Zhang, Jianbin Xu, Heng Chen, Zhangfa Song, Yalan Wu, Xingyi Dai, Jie Kong
In this contribution, amphiphilic star copolymers (H40-star-PCL-a-PEG) with an H40 hyperbranched polyester core and poly(ε-caprolactone)-a-poly(ethylene glycol) copolymer arms linked with acetal groups are synthesized using ring-opening polymerization and a copper (I)-catalyzed alkyne-azide cycloaddition click reaction. The acid-cleavable acetal groups between the hydrophilic and hydrophobic segments of the arms endow the amphiphilic star copolymers with pH responsiveness. In aqueous solution, unimolecular micelles can be formed with good stability and a unique acid degradability, as is desirable for anticancer drug carriers...
October 19, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
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