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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907602/improvised-first-aid-techniques-for-terrorist-attacks
#1
EDITORIAL
Andrew Loftus, Harvey Pynn, Paul Parker
Terrorist acts occur every day around the world. Healthcare professionals are often present as bystander survivors in these situations, with none of the equipment or infrastructure they rely on in their day-to-day practice. Within several countries there has been a move to disseminate the actions to take in the event of such attacks: in the UK, Run, Hide, Tell , and in the USA, Fight Back This paper outlines how a very basic medical knowledge combined with everyday high-street items can render highly effective first aid and save lives...
June 15, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907204/a-simulation-model-of-nail-bed-suture-and-nail-fixation-description-and-preliminary-evaluation
#2
Ida Giurin, Jean Bréaud, Virginie Rampal, Olivier Rosello, Federico Solla
BACKGROUND: Wounds of the finger nail bed represent a frequent injury, especially in children. Residents often learn nail bed repair on patients without prior training. We aimed to develop and evaluate a "low-fidelity" simulation model of nail bed repair. METHODS: The model consists of a false nail on a plastic finger and a hydrocolloid dressing, which is pasted on the nail bed site and cut horizontally. This model allows nail bed suture and nail fixation...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906322/dressings-and-topical-agents-for-treating-venous-leg-ulcers
#3
REVIEW
Gill Norman, Maggie J Westby, Amber D Rithalia, Nikki Stubbs, Marta O Soares, Jo C Dumville
BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers are open skin wounds on the lower leg which can be slow to heal, and are both painful and costly. The point prevalence of open venous leg ulcers in the UK is about 3 cases per 10,000 people, and many people experience recurrent episodes of prolonged ulceration. First-line treatment for venous leg ulcers is compression therapy, but a wide range of dressings and topical treatments are also used. This diversity of treatments makes evidence-based decision-making challenging, and a clear and current overview of all the evidence is required...
June 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904416/experimental-study-of-epidermal-growth-factor-and-acidic-fibroblast-growth-factor-in-the-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-wounds
#4
Jiasheng Xu, Dinghong Min, Guanghua Guo, Xincheng Liao, Zhonghua Fu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) on the healing of diabetic foot wounds. A total of 199 patients with diabetic foot ulcers were recruited and randomly divided into four groups: A recombinant human EGF group (n=50), an aFGF group (n=50), a combined EGF and aFGF group (n=50) and a normal saline control group (n=49). Patients in all groups received a daily dressing change and growth factor reagents were applied topically when dressing...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903603/comparative-study-of-silver-sulfadiazine-with-other-materials-for-healing-and-infection-prevention-in-burns-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Heloisa Helena Nímia, Viviane Fernandes Carvalho, Cesar Isaac, Francisley Ávila Souza, Rolf Gemperli, André Oliveira Paggiaro
The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to compare the effect of Silver Sulfadiazine (SSD) with other new dressings, with or without silver, on healing and infection prevention in burns. The electronic search was carried out in the electronic databases of Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Lilacs and BVS. The articles included were randomized clinical trials about burn treatment with SSD, which evaluated the healing and infection of burn wounds in humans. The exclusion criteria included articles, editorials and letters published in the form of abstracts, unpublished reports and case series, cross-sectional, observational experimental studies, and the use of sulfadiazine for other types of wounds...
June 11, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902011/block-copolymer-nanoparticles-remove-biofilms-of-drug-resistant-gram-positive-bacteria-by-nanoscale-bacterial-debridement
#6
Jianghua Li, Kaixi Zhang, Lin Ruan, Seow Fong Chin, Nirmani Wickramasinghe, Hanbin Liu, Vikashini Ravikumar, Jinghua Ren, Hongwei Duan, Liang Yang, Mary B Chan-Park
Biofilms and rapid evolution of multi-drug resistance complicate the treatment of bacterial infections. Antibiofilm agents such as metallic/inorganic nanoparticles or peptides act by exerting anti-bacterial effects and hence do not combat biofilms of antibiotics-resistant strains. In this paper we show that the block copolymer DA95B5, dextran-block-poly((3-acrylamidopropyl) trimethylammonium chloride (AMPTMA)-co-butyl methacrylate (BMA)), effectively removes preformed biofilms of various clinically relevant multi-drug resistant Gram-positive bacteria including Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE V583) and Enteroccocus faecalis (OG1RF)...
June 14, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901799/the-use-of-a-silver-nylon-dressing-during-evacuation-of-military-burn-casualties
#7
Amit Aurora, Alexander Beasy, Julie A Rizzo, Kevin K Chung
The military has used silver-nylon dressings as a topical antimicrobial on combat-related burns for the past 15 years. However, their clinical efficacy and associated risks have not been evaluated. Herein, the authors document our experience with the use of a specific silver-nylon dressing (Silverlon®) during global evacuation of casualties from combat zones to the United States sArmy Institute of Surgical Research Burn Center. A 10-year retrospective analysis was performed. Variables included patient demographics, total body surface area, length of stay, Injury Severity Score, incidence of urinary tract and burn infections, pneumonia, patient status at the time of discharge, and a composite endpoint...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900214/data-regarding-clinical-evaluation-of-collagen-membrane-in-oral-mucosal-defects-due-to-oral-submucous-fibrosis-and-leukoplakia
#8
Veeraiah Chowdary Jasthi, Thorakkal Shamim
This data depicts the clinical evaluation of collagen membrane in oral mucosal defects due to oral submucous fibrosis and leukoplakia. This data comprised of 10 patients in the age group of 20-60 (3 male and 2 female patients with grade III and grade IV oral submucous fibrosis and 5 male patients with oral leukoplakia with a size of 3-5 cm in diameter). The parameters such as pain, swelling, allergy, biodegradability of collagen membrane, degree of re-epithelisation, degree of contracture, mouth opening and wound size were assessed after the placement of collagen membrane in oral mucosal defects...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896626/effect-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-vs-standard-wound-management-on-12-month-disability-among-adults-with-severe-open-fracture-of-the-lower-limb-the-wollf-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Matthew L Costa, Juul Achten, Julie Bruce, Elizabeth Tutton, Stavros Petrou, Sarah E Lamb, Nick R Parsons
Importance: Open fractures of the lower limb occur when a broken bone penetrates the skin. There can be major complications from these fractures, which can be life-changing. Objectives: To assess the disability, rate of deep infection, and quality of life in patients with severe open fracture of the lower limb treated with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) vs standard wound management after the first surgical debridement of the wound. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter randomized trial performed in the UK Major Trauma Network, recruiting 460 patients aged 16 years or older with a severe open fracture of the lower limb from July 2012 through December 2015...
June 12, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896321/in-vitro-characterization-of-variable-porosity-wound-dressing-with-anti-scar-properties
#10
Collynn F Woeller, Aubrey Woodroof, Patrick S Cottler, Stephen J Pollock, Constantine G Haidaris, Richard P Phipps
Introduction: New options are needed to improve wound healing while preventing excessive scar formation. Temporary primary dressings are important options in topical wound management that allow the natural healing process. Methods: We evaluated a novel primary dressing consisting of a biosynthetic, variable porosity, matrix-containing gelatin and Aloe Vera extract and a derivative dressing coated with the anti-scarring agent salinomycin for their ability to promote cell growth, reduce myofibroblast formation, and regulate cytokine production...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896320/evaluating-a-variable-porosity-wound-dressing-with-anti-scar-properties-in-a-porcine-model-of-wound-healing
#11
Collynn F Woeller, Aubrey Woodroof, Shannon H Lacy, Patrick S Cottler, Jane L Gui, Angela Piñeros-Fernandez, Stephen J Pollock, Richard P Phipps
Introduction: New treatments that promote wound healing while preventing scar formation are needed. One option in topical wound healing is the use of temporary dressings that allow the natural healing process with minimal scar formation. Methods: We evaluated the temporary wound dressings PermeaDerm C, and a PermeaDerm C derivative coated with the anti-scarring agent, salinomycin (PermeaDerm D) in a pig model of wound healing to show the efficacy of these wound dressings in vivo. Results: Porcine fibroblasts grow well in the presence of PermeaDerm C or PermeaDerm A, and salinomycin reduces excessive myofibroblast formation in porcine fibroblasts in vitro...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895497/%C3%AE-n-oxalyl-l-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-diaminopropionic-acid-induces-wound-healing-by-stabilizing-hif-1%C3%AE-and-modulating-associated-protein-expression
#12
Deepshikha Sharma, Preeti Singh, Surya S Singh
BACKGROUND: β-N-oxalyl-L-α,β-diaminopropionic acid (L-ODAP) is a non-protein amino acid with haemostatic property present in Lathyrus sativus. It is considered to be the causative agent of neurolathyrism that occurs upon prolonged overconsumption of Lathyrus sativus seeds. L-ODAP is used as a haemostatic drug in surgical dressings. We previously reported that it can stabilize hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α in normoxic conditions. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesised that L-ODAP might affect wound healing by modulating cellular proliferation, migration and angiogenesis via HIF-1α stabilization...
May 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893025/the-wound-healing-effects-of-a-next-generation-anti-biofilm-silver-hydrofiber-wound-dressing-on-deep-partial-thickness-wounds-using-a-porcine-model
#13
Stephen C Davis, Jie Li, Joel Gil, Jose Valdes, Michael Solis, Alex Higa, Philip Bowler
Topical antimicrobials are widely used to control wound bioburden and facilitate wound healing; however, the fine balance between antimicrobial efficacy and non-toxicity must be achieved. This study evaluated whether an anti-biofilm silver-containing wound dressing interfered with the normal healing process in non-contaminated deep partial thickness wounds. In an in-vivo porcine wound model using 2 pigs, 96 wounds were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 dressing groups: anti-biofilm silver Hydrofiber dressing (test), silver Hydrofiber dressing (control), or polyurethane film dressing (control)...
June 11, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891655/potent-laminin-inspired-antioxidant-regenerative-dressing-accelerates-wound-healing-in-diabetes
#14
Yunxiao Zhu, Zdravka Cankova, Marta Iwanaszko, Sheridan Lichtor, Milan Mrksich, Guillermo A Ameer
The successful treatment of chronic dermal wounds, such as diabetic foot ulcers (DFU), depends on the development of safe, effective, and affordable regenerative tools that the surgeon can rely on to promote wound closure. Although promising, strategies that involve cell-based therapies and the local release of exogenous growth factors are costly, require very long development times, and result in modest improvements in patient outcome. We describe the development of an antioxidant shape-conforming regenerative wound dressing that uses the laminin-derived dodecapeptide A5G81 as a potent tethered cell adhesion-, proliferation-, and haptokinesis-inducing ligand to locally promote wound closure...
June 11, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891298/achieving-high-antimicrobial-activity-composite-alginate-hydrogel-beads-releasing-activated-charcoal-with-an-immobilized-active-agent
#15
Andrea Osmokrovic, Ivan Jancic, Jovana Vunduk, Predrag Petrovic, Marina Milenkovic, Bojana Obradovic
New composites based on Ca-alginate hydrogels were produced that release activated charcoal (AC) particles with adsorbed povidone iodine (PVP-I) as a model antimicrobial substance in a physiological-like environment. Composite beads with different alginate (0.5-1.5%w/w) and AC (1-20%w/w) concentrations were analyzed by FE-SEM and characterized regarding textural parameters, swelling, and AC release kinetics. PVP-I was easily adsorbed onto AC particles within the optimized beads (0.5%w/w alginate, 20%w/w AC) as indicated by UV-vis spectroscopy, EDX and FT-IR analyses...
September 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890815/pyoderma-gangrenosum-of-the-preauricular-area-with-ulcerative-colitis-a-case-report-and-review
#16
Hee Sung Chae, Sung Min Han, Ha Neul Lee, Hyun Jong Jeon, Young Joon Seo
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is primarily, a sterile, inflammatory, neutrophilic dermatosis, characterized by recurrent cutaneous ulceration with mucopurulent or hemorrhagic exudate. The incidence of PG is uncertain, but it is estimated to be about 3-10 patients per million per year. It occurs most commonly on the lower legs, but has been reported at other sites of the body as well. The causes of PG are unknown, but about 50-70% of cases are associated with other diseases, mainly inflammatory bowel disease. We hereby report a case of PG in a 21-year-old male, with a history of ulcerative colitis (UC)...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890536/comparison-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-and-silver-coated-foam-dressings-in-open-wound-treatment-in-dogs-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Mirja C Nolff, Rebecca Albert, Sven Reese, Andrea Meyer-Lindenberg
OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) for treatment of complicated wounds in dogs. STUDY TYPE:  Prospective randomized clinical study MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Dogs ( n  = 26) undergoing open-wound treatment were randomly assigned to one of two groups: Group A ( n  = 13) NPWT; Group B ( n  = 13) silver-coated foam dressing. Pairs of patients were matched based on wound conformation, localization, and underlying cause and compared in terms of duration of previous treatment, development of wound size (wound planimetry), time to closure, bacterial bio-burden and complications...
June 11, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889104/treatment-of-nonhealing-ulcers-with-an-allograft-xenograft-substitute-a-case-series
#18
Tobias Sivlér, Petter Sivlér, Mårten Skog, Luca Conti, Daniel Aili
OBJECTIVE: Wound dressings that use biosynthetic cellulose may be a good alternative to dressings currently used to treat chronic and acute ulcers because their nanostructure is similar to collagen. The objective of this study was to evaluate a wound dressing created with a new material that is composed of a fibrillary network of biosynthetic cellulose. METHODS: A case series of 8 patients in primary healthcare centers in Östergötland county council, Sweden, with chronic and acute lower limb wounds were treated with a wound dressing based on eiratex (S2Medical AB, Linköping, Sweden)...
June 7, 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888412/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-acrylic-based-medical-dressings-and-adhesives
#19
Lien Mestach, Sara Huygens, An Goossens, Liesbeth Gilissen
BACKGROUND: Acrylates and methacrylates are acrylic resin monomers that are known to induce skin sensitization as a result of their presence in different materials, such as nail cosmetics, dental materials, printing inks, and adhesives. Allergic contact dermatitis resulting from the use of modern wound dressings containing them has only rarely been reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe 2 patients who developed allergic contact dermatitis caused by acrylic-based modern medical dressings and/or adhesives...
June 11, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883293/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-reconstructing-extensive-leg-and-foot-soft-tissue-loss-in-a-child-a-case-study
#20
Iulia Tevanov, Dan Mircea Enescu, Madalina Carp, Andrei Dusca, Alin Ladaru, Alexandru Ulici
Open fractures of the leg with large loss of tissue require extensive reconstructive methods that can injure the donor area. The use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) may minimise the impact of these reconstructive methods because of its capacity to create granulation tissue that will form a wound bed for the skin graft, thus reducing the volume of soft tissue defect and saving the donor region. This case study describes the effectiveness of NPWT in the treatment and reconstruction of an open fracture of the leg, with massive loss of soft tissue, associated with elastic intramedullary nailing in a 10-year-old female patient, who was a victim of a car accident...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
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