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K Turgutalp, S Bardak, M Horoz, I Helvacı, S Demir, A A Kiykim
PURPOSE: Although various studies have improved our knowledge about the clinical features and outcomes of acute kidney injury developing in the hospital (AKI-DI) in elderly subjects, data about acute kidney injury developing outside the hospital (AKI-DO) in elderly patients (age ≥ 65 years) are still extremely limited. This study was performed to investigate prevalence, clinical outcomes, hospital cost and related factors of AKI-DO in elderly and very elderly patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study in patients (aged ≥ 65 years) who were admitted to our center between May 01, 2012, and May 01, 2013...
October 4, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
Zbigniew Heleniak, Magdalena Cieplińska, Tomasz Szychliński, Dymitr Rychter, Kalina Jagodzińska, Alicja Kłos, Izabela Kuźmiuk, Marzena Jakimowicz Tylicka, Leszek Tylicki, Bolesław Rutkowski, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
AIMS: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the cornerstone of pain management. There are no detailed data on NSAIDs use in Poland, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency, circumstances, and causes of NSAIDs use as well as knowledge of their side-effects in patients with CKD. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 972 individuals with CKD, enrolled in a written survey originally developed by the authors...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Nephrology
Robert J Adams, Sarah L Appleton, Andrew Vakulin, Patrick J Hanly, Stephen P McDonald, Sean A Martin, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Doug McEvoy, Nick A Antic, Peter G Catcheside, Andrew D Vincent, Gary A Wittert
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Previous population studies of the association are sparse, conflicting and confined largely to studies of administrative data. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis in unselected participants of the Men Androgens Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress (MAILES) study, aged >40 y. Renal data were available on 812 men without a prior OSA diagnosis who underwent full in-home polysomnography (Embletta X100) in 2010-2011...
September 9, 2016: Sleep
Hee Youn Kim, Hyun-Sop Choe, Dong Sup Lee, Jae Mo Yoo, Seung-Ju Lee
This study aims to describe the rate and characteristics of transient renal impairment in unilateral ureteric stone patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to identify factors that may have influenced renal function of these patients. Unilateral ureteric stone patients who visited our hospital's emergency department from December, 2009 to December, 2015 were divided into two groups based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): group I (patients with eGFR ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) and group II (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1...
July 7, 2016: Urolithiasis
Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Sterling McPherson, Kenn Daratha, Radica Alicic, Robert Short, Brad Dieter, Naomi Chaytor, John Roll, Katherine R Tuttle
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prescription opioid use is increasing despite concerns about drug safety. We examined relationships between use of analgesics with biomarkers of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a representative sample of adults in the United States (US). METHODS: Participants (n=3980) were from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010. Use of any analgesic, prescription opioids, and NSAIDs were compared to referent groups with use of non-analgesic prescription medication or use of no prescription medication...
2016: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Willem P Meuwesen, Jesslee M du Plessis, Johanita R Burger, Martie S Lubbe, Marike Cockeran
Background Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly used pharmaceutical agents worldwide. NSAIDs are considered nephrotoxic and should therefore be used with caution or be avoided completely in high risk patients, such as chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Objective This study aimed to investigate the prescribing of NSAIDs in CKD patients in order to generate awareness and improve the outcome of these patients. Setting The study was conducted using medicine claims data in the private health sector of South Africa...
August 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Ko Sato, Satoshi Watanabe, Aya Ohtsubo, Satoshi Shoji, Daisuke Ishikawa, Tomohiro Tanaka, Koichiro Nozaki, Rie Kondo, Masaaki Okajima, Satoru Miura, Junta Tanaka, Takuro Sakagami, Toshiyuki Koya, Hiroshi Kagamu, Hirohisa Yoshizawa, Ichiei Narita
BACKGROUND: Nephrotoxicity is the major side effect that limits the dose of cisplatin that can be safely administered, and it is a clinical problem in cancer patients who received cisplatin combination chemotherapy. Recent evidence has demonstrated that patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI). The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of CKD risk factors in patients who received cisplatin and to assess the correlation between CKD risk factors and cisplatin-induced AKI...
2016: BMC Cancer
R Oluyombo, O E Ayodele, P O Akinwusi, O O Okunola, B A Gbadegesin, M O Soje, A Akinsola
BACKGROUND: Awareness and education on kidney disease impact on its effective management and will reduce the significant economic and public health burden. Knowledge of CKD and risk factors increases the perception of being at high risk and increasing health seeking behavior. We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study to assess the level of awareness, knowledge and conventional risk factors of CKD in the community to strategize on preventive modalities using the information gathered from this population...
March 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
D Battelli, R Riccardi, A C Piscaglia, M L Stefanelli, L Mussoni, A Zani, V Vitale, N Monachese
AIM: Oral medication is of paramount importance for pain treatment. Analgesics, antiulcer (AUDs) and antithrombotic drugs (ATDs) are often coprescribed in elderly people. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) require AUDs to lower the risk of peptic ulcer, and potentially interfere with ATDs. The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence of NSAID use in patients with gastrointestinal, cardiac or kidney damage in the year 2013, compared to the general population. METHODS: We performed a population-based case-control study in the Republic of San Marino to evaluate the Odds-Ratios for upper gastrointestinal damage (gastroduodenal ulcers and/or erosions, GUE), ischemic heart disease (IHD), heart failure (HF), and renal function impairment (assessed using the CKD-EPI formula), in people who had taken AUDs, ATDs, or NSAIDs in the previous 90 days, versus people who had not taken such drugs in the same period of time...
December 2015: Minerva Medica
Naoyoshi Nagata, Ryota Niikura, Tomonori Aoki, Shiori Moriyasu, Toshiyuki Sakurai, Takuro Shimbo, Katsunori Sekine, Hidetaka Okubo, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Chizu Yokoi, Junichi Akiyama, Mikio Yanase, Masashi Mizokami, Kazuma Fujimoto, Naomi Uemura
AIM: To investigate the factors associated with transfusion, further bleeding, and prolonged length of stay. METHODS: In total, 153 patients emergently hospitalized for diverticular bleeding who were examined by colonoscopy were prospectively enrolled. Patients in whom the bleeding source was identified received endoscopic treatment such as clipping or endoscopic ligation. After spontaneous cessation of bleeding with conservative treatment or hemostasis with endoscopic treatment, all patients were started on a liquid food diet and gradually progressed to a solid diet over 3 d, and were discharged...
October 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Koichiro Saisho, Norie Yoshikawa, Ko Sugata, Hiroaki Hamada, Shigeto Tohma
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the administration of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic-drugs (DMARDs), using data from the National Database of Rheumatic Disease by iR-net in Japan (NinJa) 2012 study. METHODS: From a total of 11,940 RA patients, 7135 who underwent an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) test were studied. Renal dysfunction staging was assessed using Japanese eGFR equations and classified according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes 2012 clinical practice guideline...
2016: Modern Rheumatology
A Navarro-Martínez, M Vidal-Martínez, I García-Rosa, M J Lázaro-Gómez, J Brotons-Román
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify and describe the prescription profile, as well as to assess the adequacy of treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the diabetic population of a health district. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study aimed at a target population of 2,795 diabetic patients. Data were collected from the computerised clinical records of a sample of 380 individuals. The adequacy of treatment was assessed using the recommendations proposed by the Spanish societies of Rheumatology, Cardiology and Gastroenterology...
September 2015: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
S Naidoo, A M Meyers
This article on drug nephrotoxicity is detailed, as it is important to be fully aware of renal side-effects of drugs with regard to prevention andearly diagnosis in order to manage the condition correctly. Many therapeutic agents are nephrotoxic, particularly when the serum half-life isprolonged and blood levels are raised because of decreased renal excretion. Distal nephrotoxicity is markedly enhanced when the glomerularfiltration rate (GFR) is reduced and is a particular threat in elderly patients with so-called 'normal' creatinine levels...
2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
John Feehally, Maryam Khosravi
The kidneys play a critical role in the homeostasis of body fluid tonicity and effective circulating volume. Renal homeostatic mechanisms are frequently challenged in acutely ill people. Fluid depletion causing hypovolemia may result in renal hypoperfusion that, if left untreated, may lead to acute kidney failure. Some populations, notably older people and neonates, are less tolerant of extremes in fluid loading and deprivation, similar to those with established chronic kidney disease. Risk of kidney injury during fluid depletion is increased by medications including diuretics, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, and renin-angiotensin system blockers...
September 2015: Nutrition Reviews
Chih-Cheng Hsu, Hongjian Wang, Yueh-Han Hsu, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Ya-Wen Huang, Yu-Kang Chang, Jia-Sin Liu, Chao A Hsiung, Hui-Ju Tsai
Limited studies have examined the effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use on the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially in subjects with hypertension. Using National Health Insurance claims data in Taiwan, we conducted a propensity score-matched cohort study to investigate the relationship between NSAID use and CKD in subjects with hypertension. A total of 31976 subjects were included in this study: subjects not taking any NSAIDs in 2007 (n=10782); subjects taking NSAIDs for 1 to 89 days in 2007 (n=10605); and subjects taking NSAIDs for ≥90 days in 2007 (n=10589)...
September 2015: Hypertension
Naoyoshi Nagata, Kayo Sakamoto, Tomohiro Arai, Ryota Niikura, Takuro Shimbo, Masafumi Shinozaki, Tomonori Aoki, Katsunori Sekine, Hidetaka Okubo, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Toshiyuki Sakurai, Chizu Yokoi, Mikio Yanase, Junichi Akiyama, Mitsuhiko Noda, Naomi Uemura
PURPOSES: Factors other than antithrombotic drugs associated with diverticular bleeding remain unknown. Visceral adiposity contributes to atherosclerosis and may affect arteriolar change at the diverticulum. We investigated whether visceral adipose tissue (VAT) measured by computed tomography (CT) is a risk factor for diverticular bleeding. METHODS: A cohort of 283 patients (184 with asymptomatic diverticulosis and 99 with diverticular bleeding) undergoing colonoscopy and CT was analyzed...
October 2015: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Jonathan N King, Stephen King, Steven C Budsberg, B Duncan X Lascelles, Stephen E Bienhoff, Linda M Roycroft, Elizabeth S Roberts
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical safety of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) robenacoxib in cats with osteoarthritis. Degenerative joint disease, including osteoarthritis, is highly prevalent in cats and many cases have associated pain and impaired mobility. Although NSAIDs are used routinely to control pain and inflammation in cats with osteoarthritis, there are safety concerns because of the high concurrent prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the paucity of data on the safety of these drugs in target clinical populations...
August 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Per-Jostein Samuelsen, Lars Slørdal, Ulla Dorte Mathisen, Anne Elise Eggen
BACKGROUND: Increased use of analgesics in the population is a cause for concern in terms of drug safety. There is a paucity of population-based studies monitoring the change in use over time of both non-prescription (OTC) analgesics and prescription (Rx) analgesics. Although much is known about the risks associated with analgesic use, we are lacking knowledge on high-risk use at a population level. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of non-prescription and prescription analgesic use, change over time and the prevalence in the presence of potential contraindications and drug interactions in a general population...
2015: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Amy L Lomas, Gregory F Grauer
The quality of life for dogs with osteoarthritis can often be improved with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); however, the number of adverse drug events associated with NSAID use reported to the Federal Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine is higher than that for any other companion animal drug. Of those events, adverse renal reactions are the second most reported. NSAIDs produce pharmacologic effects via inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX), which decreases production of prostanoids...
May 2015: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Ylenia Ingrasciotta, Janet Sultana, Francesco Giorgianni, Andrea Fontana, Antonio Santangelo, Daniele Ugo Tari, Domenico Santoro, Vincenzo Arcoraci, Margherita Perrotta, Luisa Ibanez, Gianluca Trifirò
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) are known to be associated with renal damage. No clear evidence exists regarding differential risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), specifically, across various NSAIDs. AIM: The aim of this population-based case-control study was to evaluate the association between use of individual NSAIDs and risk of CKD in a general population of Southern Italy. METHODS: A nested case-control study was carried out using the general practice Arianna database, identifying incident CKD patients as cases and matched controls from 2006 to 2011...
2015: PloS One
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