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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742889/intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-a-review-of-techniques-used-for-brain-tumor-surgery-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Keewon Kim, Charles Cho, Moon-Suk Bang, Hyung-Ik Shin, Ji-Hoon Phi, Seung-Ki Kim
Intraoperative monitoring (IOM) utilizes electrophysiological techniques as a surrogate test and evaluation of nervous function while a patient is under general anesthesia. They are increasingly used for procedures, both surgical and endovascular, to avoid injury during an operation, examine neurological tissue to guide the surgery, or to test electrophysiological function to allow for more complete resection or corrections. The application of IOM during pediatric brain tumor resections encompasses a unique set of technical issues...
May 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739245/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-for-patients-undergoing-volatile-versus-intravenous-anesthesia-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-propensity-matching-analysis
#2
Tak Kyu Oh, Kwhanmien Kim, Sanghoon Jheon, Jaebong Lee, Sang-Hwan Do, Jung-Won Hwang, In-Ae Song
Propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) has been reported to improve long-term outcome following cancer surgery, when compared with inhalation agents. However, such investigational reports are still controversial, and no studies have been conducted in relation to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) surgery. The present study aimed to compare the favorable effects of TIVA versus inhalation agents on recurrence-free survival and overall survival after curative resection of NSCLC. This retrospective cohort study examined medical records of the patients who were diagnosed with NSCLC and underwent curative resection at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from August 2003 to July 2012...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733085/could-there-be-a-relationship-between-type-of-anesthesia-and-oncological-parameters-after-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-cancer
#3
EDITORIAL
Konstantinos Dimitropoulos, Vassilios Tzortzis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707376/is-laryngeal-mask-airway-general-anesthesia-feasible-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#4
Rui-Xiang Zhang, Yin Li, Xian-Ben Liu, Xi-Hua Lu, Hai-Bo Sun, Zong-Fei Wang, Shi-Lei Liu, Yan Zheng, Xiao-Fei Liu, Xiu-Xia Wu
Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been identified as an oncological method with lower mortality and morbidity. This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia using double endotracheal tube intubation and one-lung ventilation for a good visualization like other video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). However, it is difficult to differentiate weather the postoperative hoarseness is caused by intubation or by recurrent laryngeal nerve injury during operation, and some complications related to intubation also are the focus of thoracic surgeons...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696301/-radical-cystectomy-and-urinary-diversion-what-is-important
#5
REVIEW
J Noldus, G Niegisch, A Pycha, A Karl
BACKGROUND: In Germany, radical cystectomy with urinary diversion is the primary therapeutic option for localized muscle invasive urothelial bladder cancer. Modifications in the pre-, peri-, and postoperative phase have significantly improved outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Different factors and parameters are directly associated with patients' outcome. An overview on how to best approach this procedure is provided in this article. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data regarding preparation and the procedure for the radical cystectomy followed by urinary diversion are separately analyzed...
April 25, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684988/influence-of-electrocautery-induced-electromagnetic-interference-on-quantitative-electroencephalographic-monitoring-of-hypnosis-during-general-anesthesia-comparison-between-the-adms%C3%A2-and-the-bis-vistatm
#6
Dae-Hee Kim, Ji-Young Yoo, Jong-Yeop Kim, Soo-Hwan Ahn, Seongsu Kim, Sang-Kee Min
Background: Hypnosis monitors analyze small-amplitude electrical signals transmitted from the brain that could be exposed to the electromagnetic field that occurs around the body during electrocautery (ECT). We investigated the influence of ECT on hypnosis monitoring during anesthesia. Methods: We simultaneously monitored BIS and uCON during 50 gynecologic oncology surgeries. During the episodes of ECT, we compared the absolute difference (a-Diff) between the baseline index and the most deviated index after ECT over either 30-60 s (ECT30-60) or more than 60 s (ECT > 60) between the monitors...
April 24, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682064/awake-craniotomy-with-noninvasive-brain-mapping-by-3-tesla-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-excision-of-low-grade-glioma-a-case-of-a-young-patient-from-pakistan
#7
Atta Ul Aleem Bhatti, Nasir Khan Jakhrani, Maria Adnan Parekh
The past few years have seen increasing support for gross total resection in the management of low-grade gliomas (LGGs), with a greater extent of resection correlated with better overall survival, progression-free survival, and time to malignant transformation. There is consistent evidence in literature supporting extent of safe resection as a good prognostic indicator as well as positively affecting seizure control, symptomatic relief in pressure symptoms, and longer progression-free and total survival. The operative goal in most LGG cases is to maximize the extent of resection for these benefits while avoiding postoperative neurologic deficits...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681695/use-of-pretherapy-core-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-renal-tumors
#8
Jujju Jacob Kurian, Kenneth R L Nongpiur, Susan Jehangir
Background: Pretreatment core biopsy of pediatric renal tumors has been advocated by United Kingdom Children's Cancer Study Group to circumvent the disadvantage of International Society of Paediatric Oncology protocol, where neoadjuvant chemotherapy initiated without histopathological confirmation can result in over- or under-treatment. Aim: This study aims (a) to assess if pretherapy core biopsy correlates with the nephrectomy biopsy; (b) to assess if neoadjuvant chemotherapy changes Wilms tumor (WT) histology, and (c) to assess the incidence of biopsy site recurrence...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642984/the-effect-of-regional-anesthesia-on-oncologic-outcomes-after-resection-of-colorectal-hepatic-metastases
#9
Mary Garland, Dylan Addis, Greg Russell, Clancy Clark, Edward Levine, Russell Howerton, Konstantinos Votanopoulos, Sean Dobson, Perry Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526348/interventions-in-the-operating-room-for-children-near-end-of-life-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#10
Marianne Goudreault, Nago Humbert, France Gauvin, Monia Marzouki, Catherine K Beaumier, Dickens St-Vil, Nelson Piché
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons are often involved in the management of severely or terminally ill patients. However, articles addressing their specific roles in the context of palliative care are almost inexistent. We sought to characterize the involvement of pediatric surgeons caring for children near end of life. METHODS: Chart review of children who had a procedure under general anesthesia within 6months of their death over a five-year period at a tertiary children's hospital (excluding traumas and neonatology cases)...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502677/discussion-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-versus-thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-oncologic-resections-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428022/the-effect-of-regional-anesthesia-on-oncologic-outcomes-after-resection-of-colorectal-hepatic-metastases
#12
Mary Garland, Dylan Addis, Greg Russell, Clancy Clark, Edward Levine, Russell Howerton, Konstantinos Votanopoulos, Sean Dobson, Perry Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387894/-oncology-in-anesthesia-and-operative-intensive-care-medicine
#13
EDITORIAL
B Sinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347949/effects-of-surgery-and-anesthetic-choice-on-immunosuppression-and-cancer-recurrence
#14
REVIEW
Ryungsa Kim
BACKGROUND: The relationship between surgery and anesthetic-induced immunosuppression and cancer recurrence remains unresolved. Surgery and anesthesia stimulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) to cause immunosuppression through several tumor-derived soluble factors. The potential impact of surgery and anesthesia on cancer recurrence was reviewed to provide guidance for cancer surgical treatment. METHODS: PubMed was searched up to December 31, 2016 using search terms such as, "anesthetic technique and cancer recurrence," "regional anesthesia and cancer recurrence," "local anesthesia and cancer recurrence," "anesthetic technique and immunosuppression," and "anesthetic technique and oncologic surgery...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307097/robotic-inguinal-lymph-node-dissection-for-melanoma-a-novel-approach-to-a-complicated-problem
#15
G Alan Hyde, Nathan L Jung, Alvaro A Valle, Syamal D Bhattacharya, Christopher E Keel
BACKGROUND: Indications for superficial inguinal lymph node (ILN) dissection in melanoma include fine needle aspiration or clinically positive ILN and sentinel lymph nodes (SLN). Open inguinal lymphadenectomy may be complicated by poor wound healing, deep vein thrombosis, and lymphedema. Technical considerations and case series of a novel surgical approach, robotic inguinal lymphadenectomy, are presented. METHODS: This is a case series of four robotic ILN dissections for melanoma at a tertiary care facility...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260390/parent-perspectives-and-preferences-for-strategies-regarding-nonsedated-mri-scans-in-a-pediatric-oncology-population
#16
Breya Walker, Heather M Conklin, Doralina L Anghelescu, Lacey P Hall, Wilburn E Reddick, Robert Ogg, Lisa M Jacola
PURPOSE: Children with cancer frequently require MRI scans for clinical purposes. Sedation with general anesthesia (GA) is often used to promote compliance, reduce motion, and alleviate anxiety. The use of GA for MRI scans is costly in terms of time, personnel, and medications. In addition, prominent risks are associated with anesthesia exposure in patients with complex medical conditions. Successful behavioral interventions have been implemented in clinical research settings to promote scan success and compliance...
December 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239457/opioids-and-immunosupression-in-oncological-postoperative-patients
#17
José Luis Bonilla-García, Manuel Cortiñas-Sáenz, Esperanza Del Pozo-Gavilán
INTRODUCTION: Recent animal studies demonstrated immunosuppressive effects of opioid withdrawal resulting in a higher risk of infection. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of remifentanil discontinuation on Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU)-acquired infection after a schedule of sedoanalgesia of at least 6 days. METHOD: All patients over 18 years of age with a unit admission of more than 4 days were consecutively selected. The study population was the one affected by surgical pathology of any origin where sedation was based on any hypnotic and the opioid remifentanil was used as analgesic for at least 96 hours in continuous perfusion...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198854/efficacy-and-safety-of-transversus-abdominis-plane-blocks-versus-thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-oncologic-resections-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Tamer M Shaker, Joseph T Carroll, Mathew H Chung, Tracy J Koehler, Brian R Lane, Andrea M Wolf, G Paul Wright
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare patient outcomes for thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) with transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks. METHODS: A prospective, randomized trial was performed for patients undergoing abdominal oncologic surgeries. RESULTS: There were 32 TAP and 35 TEA subjects. The TEA group demonstrated increased episodes of hypotension in the first 24 h (3 v 0.6, p = 0.02). There was no difference in 24-48 h fluid balance between the groups...
March 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149477/pathfinders-in-oncology-from-the-beginning-of-the-19th-century-to-the-inauguration-of-the-first-cancer-hospital-in-the-united-states
#19
Steven I Hajdu
The fields of medicine and oncology made substantial progress between 1800 and 1885. The first half of this period was dominated by the spectacular progress in physiology, cytology, histology, histopathology, and diagnostic microscopy. In the second half of the period, advancements in surgical techniques, anesthesia, asepsis, and laboratory medicine, including bacteriology, chemistry, and biochemistry, led to the development of medical specialties, including surgical pathology and surgical oncology. Although wars, revolutions, and socioeconomic upheavals interrupted the daily life of the populace, distinguished artists, scientists, and physicians continued, against all odds, to advance their field of interest...
January 15, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136725/-the-china-expert-consensus-of-clinical-practice-for-magnetically-controlled-capsule-gastroscopy-2017-shanghai
#20
(no author information available yet)
Gastric diseases are very common in China, especially gastric cancer with a continuous high level of morbidity and mortality. As an important screening method of gastric diseases, magnetically-controlled-capsule-gastroscopy (MCCG) has already been widely used in medical institutions worldwide. Several clinical trials have already showed that MCCG has comparable accuracy in diagnosing gastric diseases compared with conventional gastroscopy. Furthermore, MCCG has the advantages of anesthesia free, no risks of cross infection, and excellent compliance...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
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