keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardio anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754129/os-25-04-the-changes-of-arterial-stiffness-monitored-with-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-cavi-during-raised-intracranial-pressure-in-the-rabbit
#1
Chikao Miyazaki, Mao Takahashi, Kazuhiro Shimizu, Tatsuo Chiba, Takenori Morisita, Tomoyuki Yamamoto, Nobuo Sugo, Akira Takahara, Kohji Shirai
OBJECTIVE: Cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI) is reflecting stiffness of the arterial tree from the origin of aorta to the ankles. We observed elevated CAVI in patients who suffered from apoplexy attack. To clarify the role and the mechanism by which arterial stiffness elevated just after apoplexy attack, the effect of enhanced intracranial pressure (ICP) by injecting saline into the cisterna magna of the rabbit on blood pressure, CAVI and cervical blood flow, were studied. Furthermore the role of sympathetic nerve was studied...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725150/anesthesia-specific-differences-in-a-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-rat-model-halothane-versus-sevoflurane
#2
Torben Esser, Gerburg Keilhoff, Uwe Ebmeyer
OBJECTIVE: Our asphyxia cardiac arrest (ACA) rat model is well established. The original model was designed in the 1990(th) using halothane and nitrous oxide for pre-insult anesthesia. Because of its hepato-toxicity and its potential to induce severe liver failures, halothane is no longer used in clinical anesthesia for several years. In order to minimize the health risk for our laboratory staff as well as to keep the experimental settings of our model on a clinically oriented basis we decided to replace halothane by sevoflurane...
October 7, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668205/aortic-dissection-accompanied-by-preeclampsia-in-a-postpartum-young-woman
#3
Jin-Wan Park, Su-Mi Kim, Gyu-Bong Yu, Yun-Dan Kang
Aortic dissection is very rare in obstetrics, but it is a fatal disease. A 37-weeks primigravida woman with dyspnea and pitting edema presented to our emergency room. The patient was diagnosed with preeclampsia and underwent an emergency cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. The patient complained of severe dyspnea after the cesarean section, and the chest computed tomography scan was done. With the finding of aortic dissection, cardiopulmonary arrest occurred 5 hours after the cesarean section, and the patient died without reaction to cardio-pulmonary resuscitation...
September 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643056/os-25-04-the-changes-of-arterial-stiffness-monitored-with-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-cavi-during-raised-intracranial-pressure-in-the-rabbit
#4
Chikao Miyazaki, Mao Takahashi, Kazuhiro Shimizu, Tatsuo Chiba, Takenori Morisita, Tomoyuki Yamamoto, Nobuo Sugo, Akira Takahara, Kohji Shirai
OBJECTIVE: Cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI) is reflecting stiffness of the arterial tree from the origin of aorta to the ankles. We observed elevated CAVI in patients who suffered from apoplexy attack. To clarify the role and the mechanism by which arterial stiffness elevated just after apoplexy attack, the effect of enhanced intracranial pressure (ICP) by injecting saline into the cisterna magna of the rabbit on blood pressure, CAVI and cervical blood flow, were studied. Furthermore the role of sympathetic nerve was studied...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607186/influence-of-supraglottic-airway-device-placement-on-cerebral-hemodynamics
#5
Frank Rasulo, Nicola Zugni, Simone Piva, Nazzareno Fagoni, Federico Pe, Arturo Toninelli, Stefano Calza, Nicola Latronico
BACKGROUND: Supraglottic airway devices (SGDs) are of current use in anesthesia practice and in emergency conditions. It has been suggested that cerebral blood flow (CBF) can decrease after SGD insertion or cuff inflation; however, it is uncertain if this reduction is caused by the SGD or the anesthetic drugs utilized for the anesthetic procedure. During minor surgery we separated CBF measurements by an adequate time interval in order to measure the distinctive changes in cerebral hemodynamics associated with anesthesia induction, SGD insertion and cuff inflation...
August 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275058/intravenous-dexmedetomidine-versus-propofol-for-intraoperative-moderate-sedation-during-spinal-anesthesia-a-comparative-study
#6
Pratibha Jain Shah, Kamta Prasad Dubey, Kamal Kishore Sahare, Amit Agrawal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There has been a paradigm shift of focus toward quality of spinal anesthesia with sedation being an integral aspect of this regional anesthesia technique. Thus, this study was designed to compare efficacy of intravenous dexmedetomidine and propofol for moderate sedation during spinal anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients of age group 18-60 years of American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I & II, posted for surgeries under spinal anesthesia were randomly divided in to three groups (n = 40 each); Group D received infusion of dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg over 10 min followed by maintenance infusion of 0...
April 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275050/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-epidural-dexmedetomidine-and-clonidine-with-bupivacaine-in-patients-undergoing-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgeries
#7
Safiya I Shaikh, Sarala B Mahesh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alpha (α-2) adrenergic agonists have both analgesic and sedative properties when used as an adjuvant in regional anesthesia. A prospective randomized double-blind study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of epidural route and to compare the efficacy and clinical profile of dexmedetomidine and clonidine as an adjuvant to bupivacaine with special emphasis on their quality of analgesia, sedation and the ability to provide the smooth intra-operative and postoperative course...
April 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195693/hands-off-time-for-endotracheal-intubation-during-cpr-is-not-altered-by-the-use-of-the-c-mac-video-laryngoscope-compared-to-conventional-direct-laryngoscopy-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-study
#8
Philipp Schuerner, Bastian Grande, Tobias Piegeler, Martin Schlaepfer, Leif Saager, Matthew T Hutcherson, Donat R Spahn, Kurt Ruetzler
INTRODUCTION: Sufficient ventilation and oxygenation through proper airway management is essential in patients undergoing cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Although widely discussed, securing the airway using an endotracheal tube is considered the standard of care. Endotracheal intubation may be challenging and causes prolonged interruption of chest compressions. Videolaryngoscopes have been introduced to better visualize the vocal cords and accelerate intubation, which makes endotracheal intubation much safer and may contribute to intubation success...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125849/comparing-anesthesia-with-isoflurane-and-fentanyl-fluanisone-midazolam-in-a-rat-model-of-cardiac-arrest
#9
Niels Secher, Christian Lind Malte, Else Tønnesen, Leif Østergaard, Asger Granfeldt
BACKGROUND: Only one in ten patients survives cardiac arrest (CA), underscoring the need to improve CA management. Isoflurane has shown cardio- and neuroprotective effects in animal models of ischemia/reperfusion injury. Therefore, beneficial effect of isoflurane should be tested in an experimental CA model. We hypothesize that isoflurane anesthesia improves short-term outcome following resuscitation from CA compared with a subcutaneous fentanyl/fluanisone/midazolam anesthesia. METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomized to anesthesia with isoflurane (n=11) or fentanyl/fluanisone/midazolam (n=11)...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052063/tricks-tips-and-literature-review-on-the-adapted-vaporize-system-to-deliver-volatile-agents-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#10
Caetano Nigro Neto, Francesco De Simone, Luigi Cassara, Carlos Gustavo Dos Santos Silva, Thiago Augusto Azevedo Marãnhao Cardoso, Francesco Carco, Alberto Zangrillo, Giovanni Landoni
BACKGROUND: Recently, evidence of cardio-protection and reduction in mortality due to the use of volatile agents during cardiac surgery led to an increase in their use during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). These findings seem to be enhanced when the volatile agents are used during all the surgical procedure, including the CPB period. AIMS: Since the administration of volatile agents through CPB can be beneficial to the patients, we decided to review the use of volatile agents vaporized in the CPB circuit and to summarize some tricks and tips of this technique using our 10-year experience of Brazilian and Italian centers with a large volume of cardiac surgeries...
April 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957692/intraoperative-hemodynamics-with-vecuronium-bromide-and-rocuronium-for-maintenance-under-general-anesthesia
#11
Alen Mathew, Anish N G Sharma, P Ganapathi, P Shankaranarayana, M Nazim, D S Aiyappa
AIMS: The present study is undertaken to compare the hemodynamic effects using vecuronium versus rocuronium for maintenance in patients undergoing general surgical procedures. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It is a prospective, randomized, and cohort study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 100 patients were randomly divided into two groups. All patients were induced with 5 mg/kg of thiopentone sodium, and intubation conditions were achieved with 1.5 mg/kg of suxamethonium, using a well-lubricated cuffed endotracheal tube of appropriate size...
January 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26859154/influence-of-supraglottic-airway-device-placement-on-cerebral-hemodynamics
#12
Frank Rasulo, Nicola Zugni, Simone Piva, Nazzareno Fagoni, Federico Pe, Arturo Toninelli, Stefano Calza, Nicola Latronico
BACKGROUND: Supraglottic airway devices (SGDs) are of current use in anesthesia practice and in emergency conditions. It has been suggested that cerebral blood flow (CBF) can decrease after SGD insertion or cuff inflation; however, it is uncertain if this reduction is caused by the SGD or the anesthetic drugs utilized for the anesthetic procedure. During minor surgery we separated CBF measurements by an adequate time interval in order to measure the distinctive changes in cerebral hemodynamics associated with anesthesia induction, SGD insertion and cuff inflation...
February 9, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26737178/general-anesthesia-reduces-the-information-exchange-between-heart-and-circulation
#13
Alberto Porta, Vlasta Bari, Andrea Marchi, Beatrice De Maria, Valeria Pistuddi, Marco Ranucci
The study demonstrates the ability of an information-theoretic measure, such as the transfer entropy (TE), in detecting the depression of the cardiac baroreflex control and circulatory-cardio mechanical feedforward link during propofol-induced general anesthesia. TE was computed from spontaneous variability of heart period (HP) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). TE from SAP to HP and from HP to SAP were evaluated by accounting for the confounding effect of respiration (R) affecting both HP and SAP (i...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26003767/specially-trained-registered-nurses-can-safely-manage-epidural-analgesia-infusion-in-laboring-patients
#14
Lenore A Charles, Elise Korejwa, Donna Curtis Kent, Debbie Raniero
PURPOSE: To discover evidence for defining the registered nurse's (RN's) role in the management of epidural analgesia in the labor and delivery setting. DESIGN: The Labor Epidural Nurse Safety (LENS) study consisted of two parts. The first part was a 10-year retrospective review of the outcomes of 2,568 laboring women for whom epidural catheters had been placed and verified by an anesthesiologist or certified registered nurse anesthetist, then continuous epidural infusion initiated, and basal rate or patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) dose increased, if needed, within specified parameters by specially trained labor and delivery RNs...
June 2015: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25991721/maternal-high-fat-and-or-salt-consumption-induces-sex-specific-inflammatory-and-nutrient-transport-in-the-rat-placenta
#15
Clare M Reynolds, Mark H Vickers, Claudia J Harrison, Stephanie A Segovia, Clint Gray
Maternal high fat and salt consumption are associated with developmental programming of disease in adult offspring. Inadequacies in placental nutrient transport may explain these 'programmed effects'. Diet-induced inflammation may have detrimental effects on placental function leading to alteration of key nutrient transporters. We examined the effects of maternal high fat and/or salt diets on markers of placental nutrient transport and inflammation. Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to (1) control (CD; 1% Salt 10% kcal from fat); (2) high salt (SD; 4% salt, 10% kcal from fat); (3) high fat (HF; 1% Salt 45% kcal from fat) or (4) high fat high salt (HFSD; 4% salt, 45% kcal from fat) 21 days prior to and throughout gestation...
May 2015: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25886334/effects-of-intrathecal-hyperbaric-ropivacaine-versus-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-for-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgery
#16
Somjit Chatterjee, Bikash Bisui, Anamitra Mandal, Jagabandhu Sheet, Swapnadeep Sengupta, Shakya Majumdar, Sarbari Swaika
BACKGROUND: Regional anesthesia, increasingly used for infraumbilical surgery, has advantages of decreased stress response to surgery, nausea, vomiting, and cardio-respiratory depression with improved postoperative analgesia, in comparison to general anesthesia. Intrathecal isobaric ropivacaine (RP) had been found, in various clinical studies, to be shorter acting in comparison to bupivacaine (BP). Our present study was, hence, aimed to compare the anesthetic and analgesic efficacy of intrathecal hyperbaric RP relative to hyperbaric BP in lower limb orthopedic surgery...
September 2014: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25535604/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-under-epidural-anesthesia-a-feasibility-study
#17
Ranendra Hajong, Peter Daniel S Khariong, Arup J Baruah, Madhur Anand, Donkupar Khongwar
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is normally performed under general anesthesia. But of late this operation has been tried under regional anesthesia successfully without any added complications like epidural anesthesia. AIMS: The aim of the study was to study the feasibility of performing LC under epidural anesthesia in normal patients so that the benefits could be extended to those high-risk patients having symptomatic gallstone disease and compromised cardio-pulmonary status where general anesthesia is contraindicated...
November 2014: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25515980/a-pilot-study-assessing-tolerance-safety-and-feasibility-of-diagnostic-transnasal-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-using-an-improved-larger-caliber-endoscope-and-an-adapted-topical-anesthesia
#18
Valerio Balassone, Mario Dauri, Roberto Cappuccio, Mauro Di Camillo, Domenico Benavoli, Oreste Buonomo, Giuseppe Petrella, Italo Stroppa
BACKGROUND: Transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy (TN-EGDS) is well tolerated by patients and the examination is perceived comfortable without the need of a sedative drug. Conversely, mainly in Western literature, some authors report limitations in illumination, image quality, and working channel as affecting TN-EGDS diffusion. To overcome these disadvantages, a new transnasal endoscope (TNE) was tested but, due to its larger diameter, we have no evidence of its clinical safety and tolerability...
October 2015: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25375956/anesthesia-management-in-aortic-dissection-in-patients-undergoing-kidney-transplant
#19
Muharrem Ucar, Feray Erdil, Mukadder Sanlı, Mustafa Said Aydogan, Mahmut Durmus
Kidney transplant is a last resort to increase the life expectancy and quality of life in patients with renal failure. Aortic dissection is a disease that requires emergency intervention; it is characterized by sudden life-threatening back or abdominal pain. In the case described, constant chest pain that increased with respiration was present on examination of a 28-year-old man (85 kg, 173 cm) who presented at our emergency department complaining of severe back pain. He had undergone a kidney transplant in 2004 from his mother (live donor)...
April 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25301713/chronic-spinal-cord-stimulation-modifies-intrinsic-cardiac-synaptic-efficacy-in-the-suppression-of-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Jeffrey L Ardell, René Cardinal, Eric Beaumont, Michel Vermeulen, Frank M Smith, J Andrew Armour
We sought to determine whether spinal cord stimulation (SCS) therapy, when applied chronically to canines, imparts long-lasting cardio-protective effects on neurogenic atrial tachyarrhythmia induction and, if so, whether its effects can be attributable to i) changes in intrinsic cardiac (IC) neuronal transmembrane properties vs ii) modification of their interneuronal stochastic interactivity that initiates such pathology. Data derived from canines subjected to long-term SCS [(group 1: studied after 3-4 weeks SCS; n = 5) (group 2: studied after 5 weeks SCS; n = 11)] were compared to data derived from 10 control animals (including 4 sham SCS electrode implantations)...
December 2014: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
keyword
keyword
36406
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"