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Pulp regeneration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433914/accumulation-of-sugar-from-pulp-and-xylitol-from-xylose-by-pyruvate-decarboxylase-negative-white-rot-fungus-phlebia-sp-mg-60
#1
Taku Tsuyama, Megumi Yamaguchi, Ichiro Kamei
Phlebia sp. MG-60 is a white-rot fungus that produces ethanol with high efficiency from lignocellulosic biomass without additional enzymes. Through engineering of this powerful metabolic pathway for fermentation in Phlebia sp. MG-60, chemical compounds other than ethanol could be produced. Here, we demonstrate sugar accumulation from unbleached hardwood kraft pulp and conversion of xylose to xylitol by pyruvate decarboxylase (pdc)-negative Phlebia sp. MG-60. We isolated Phlebia sp. strain MG-60-P2 from protoplasts to unify the protoplast phenotypes of the regenerated strains...
April 7, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430345/healing-response-of-rat-pulp-treated-with-an-injectable-keratin-hydrogel
#2
Lavanya Ajay Sharma, Robert M Love, Mohammad A Ali, Ajay Sharma, Soraia Macari, Avadhoot Avadhani, George J Dias
BACKGROUND: Keratin has shown promising outcomes as a biomaterial due to its inherent bioactivity, biocompatibility and regenerative effects. The effect of keratin on repair and regeneration of dental tissues has never been studied before. Current therapies to treat pulp tissues involve its replacement with inert, synthetic materials that do not have a proper biological function, leading to failure and tooth loss. This study aimed to develop a biocompatible keratin hydrogel (KH) suitable for pulp therapies...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427322/dental-pulp-pluripotent-like-stem-cells-dppsc-a-new-stem-cell-population-with-chromosomal-stability-and-osteogenic-capacity-for-biomaterials-evaluation
#3
Raquel Núñez-Toldrà, Ester Martínez-Sarrà, Carlos Gil-Recio, Miguel Ángel Carrasco, Ashraf Al Madhoun, Sheyla Montori, Maher Atari
BACKGROUND: Biomaterials are widely used to regenerate or substitute bone tissue. In order to evaluate their potential use for clinical applications, these need to be tested and evaluated in vitro with cell culture models. Frequently, immortalized osteoblastic cell lines are used in these studies. However, their uncontrolled proliferation rate, phenotypic changes or aberrations in mitotic processes limits their use in long-term investigations. Recently, we described a new pluripotent-like subpopulation of dental pulp stem cells derived from the third molars (DPPSC) that shows genetic stability and shares some pluripotent characteristics with embryonic stem cells...
April 21, 2017: BMC Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416318/basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-regulates-gene-and-protein-expression-related-to-proliferation-differentiation-and-matrix-production-of-human-dental-pulp-cells
#4
Ya-Ching Chang, Mei-Chi Chang, Yi-Jane Chen, Ji-Uei Liou, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Wei-Ling Huang, Wan-Chuen Liao, Chiu-Po Chan, Po-Yuan Jeng, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
INTRODUCTION: Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) plays differential effects on the proliferation, differentiation, and extracellular matrix turnover in various tissues. However, limited information is known about the effect of bFGF on dental pulp cells. The purposes of this study were to investigate whether bFGF influences the cell differentiation and extracellular matrix turnover of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) and the related gene and protein expression as well as the role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK)/extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416308/implantation-of-endothelial-cells-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells-accelerates-dental-pulp-tissue-regeneration-healing-in-pulpotomized-rat-molars
#5
Yukiko Sueyama, Tomoatsu Kaneko, Takafumi Ito, Reika Kaneko, Takashi Okiji
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to examine whether the implantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with endothelial cells (ECs) accelerates pulp tissue regeneration/healing and induces dentin bridge formation in a rat model of molar coronal pulp regeneration. METHODS: The maxillary first molars of Wistar rats were subjected to pulpotomy. Then, pulp chambers were implanted with biodegradable hydrogel-made scaffolds carrying MSCs together or without dermal microvascular ECs, and the cavities were sealed with mineral trioxide aggregate...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416306/histologic-findings-of-a-human-immature-revascularized-regenerated-tooth-with-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis
#6
Chufang Peng, Yuming Zhao, Wenjun Wang, Yuan Yang, Man Qin, Lihong Ge
INTRODUCTION: Pulp revascularization/regeneration in immature permanent teeth with necrotic pulp and/or apical periodontitis is an effective approach for inducing root maturation. Previous histologic studies showed cementoid/osteoid tissue and/or periodontal ligament-like tissue formed within the root canals. This case report describes the histologic findings of a human symptomatic irreversible pulpitis immature permanent tooth with most of the pulp removed after a revascularization/regeneration procedure...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415948/use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-regeneration-in-non-vital-immature-permanent-teeth-clinical-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-evaluation
#7
Adel Alagl, Sumit Bedi, Khalid Hassan, Jehan AlHumaid
Objective This study was performed to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of a revascularization procedure in immature teeth with apical periodontitis using platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The PRP protocol and conventional revascularization protocol, which used a blood clot as the scaffold, were compared. Methods Thirty non-vital immature permanent teeth were randomly categorized into two groups. After disinfecting the root canal space with triple antibiotic paste (1:1:1 ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and cefaclor), a tissue scaffold was created using either PRP or a blood clot (control) and covered with white mineral trioxide aggregate...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394043/efficacy-of-stem-cells-on-periodontal-regeneration-systematic-review-of-pre-clinical-studies
#8
REVIEW
S A Tassi, N Z Sergio, M Y O Misawa, C C Villar
This systematic review aims to evaluate mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) periodontal regenerative potential in animal models. MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS databases were searched for quantitative pre-clinical controlled animal model studies that evaluated the effect of local administration of MSC on periodontal regeneration. The systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement guidelines. Twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria. Periodontal defects were surgically created in all studies...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389072/the-characteristics-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-polycaprolactone-3-dimensional-scaffold-with-osteogenesis-properties-for-tissue-regeneration
#9
Yung-Cheng Chiu, Hsin-Yuan Fang, Tuan-Ti Hsu, Cheng-Yao Lin, Ming-You Shie
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the mineral trioxide aggregate/polycaprolactone (MTA/PCL) hybrid 3-dimensional (3D) scaffold supplies a suitable microenvironment for the osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) and to further consider the effect of the MTA/PCL composite on the biological performance of hybrid scaffolds. METHODS: MTA was suspended in absolute alcohol and dropped slowly into PCL that was generated with the printable MTA-matrix...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386853/assessment-of-bone-regeneration-of-a-tissue-engineered-bone-complex-using-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-biphasic-calcium-phosphate-scaffold-constructs-in-rabbit-calvarial-defects
#10
Natkrita Wongsupa, Thongchai Nuntanaranont, Suttatip Kamolmattayakul, Nuttawut Thuaksuban
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of a fabricated combination of poly-ɛ-caprolactone (PCL)-biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) with the modified melt stretching and multilayer deposition (mMSMD) technique on human dental pulp stem cell (hDPSC) differentiation to be osteogenic like cells for bone regeneration of calvarial defects in rabbit models. hDPSCs extracted from human third molars were seeded onto mMSMD PCL-BCP scaffolds and the osteogenic gene expression was tested prior to implantation in vivo...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372291/current-challenges-in-human-tooth-revitalization
#11
Maxime Ducret, Hugo Fabre, Alexis Celle, Frédéric Mallein-Gerin, Emeline Perrier-Groult, Brigitte Alliot-Licht, Jean-Christophe Farges
Tooth vitality and health are related to the presence of a living connective tissue, the dental pulp (DP), in the center of the dental organ. The DP contains the tooth immune defence system that is activated against invading oral cariogenic bacteria during the caries process and the tissue repair/regeneration machinery involved following microorganisms' eradication. However, penetration of oral bacteria into the DP often leads to complete tissue destruction and colonization of the endodontic space by microorganisms...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368079/the-effect-of-extracellular-acidosis-on-the-behaviour-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro
#12
A Massa, F Perut, T Chano, A Woloszyk, T A Mitsiadis, S Avnet, N Baldini
The stem cell fraction of a cell population is finely tuned by stimuli from the external microenvironment. Among these stimuli, a decrease of extracellular pH (pHe) may occur in a variety of physiological and pathological conditions, including hypoxia and inflammation. In this study, by using bone marrow stem cells and dental pulp stem cells, we provided evidence that extracellular acidosis endows the maintenance of stemness in mesenchymal cells. Indeed, continuous exposure for 21 d to low pHe (6.5-6.8) conditions impaired the osteogenic differentiation of both cell types...
April 3, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366567/centrifugal-partition-chromatography-in-a-biorefinery-context-optimisation-and-scale-up-of-monosaccharide-fractionation-from-hydrolysed-sugar-beet-pulp
#13
David P Ward, Peter Hewitson, Max Cárdenas-Fernández, Charlotte Hamley-Bennett, Alba Díaz-Rodríguez, Nathalie Douillet, Joseph P Adams, David J Leak, Svetlana Ignatova, Gary J Lye
The isolation of component sugars from biomass represents an important step in the bioprocessing of sustainable feedstocks such as sugar beet pulp. Centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) is used here, as an alternative to multiple resin chromatography steps, to fractionate component monosaccharides from crude hydrolysed sugar beet pulp pectin. CPC separation of samples, prepared in the stationary phase, was carried out using an ethanol: ammonium sulphate (300gL(-1)) phase system (0.8:1.8v:v) in ascending mode...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365680/pro-inflammatory-cytokine-tnf-%C3%AE-attenuates-bmp9-induced-osteo-odontoblastic-differentiation-of-the-stem-cells-of-dental-apical-papilla-scaps
#14
Feilong Wang, Ying Jiang, Xia Huang, Qiao Liu, Yan Zhang, Wenping Luo, Fugui Zhang, Pengfei Zhou, Juhong Lin, Hongmei Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Periapical periodontitis is a common oral disease caused by bacterial invasion of the tooth pulp, which usually leads to local release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and osteolytic lesion. This study is intended to examine the effect of TNF-α on BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation of the stem cells of dental apical papilla (SCAPs). METHODS: Rat model of periapical periodontitis was established. TNF-α expression was assessed. Osteogenic markers and ectopic bone formation in iSCAPs were analyzed upon BMP9 and TNF-α treatment...
March 31, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365481/oligomeric-proanthocyanidins-released-from-dentin-induce-regenerative-dental-pulp-cell-response
#15
Daniel Kulakowski, Ariene A Leme-Kraus, Joo-Won Nam, James McAlpine, Shao-Nong Chen, Guido F Pauli, Sriram Ravindran, Ana K Bedran-Russo
Proanthocyanidins (PACs) are plant-derived, multifunctional compounds that possess high interactivity with extracellular matrix (ECM) components. The documented affinity of PACs for type-I collagen is directly correlated with their structural features and degree of polymerization. In this investigation, centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) was used to sequentially deplete less active monomeric and polymeric PACs from a crude Pinus massoniana bark extract to create refined mixtures enriched in oligomeric PACs...
March 29, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364342/in-vitro-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-endometrial-stem-cells-and-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#16
Fahimeh Sadat Tabatabaei, Maryam Torshabi
Stem-cell-based therapies were introduced aiming to overcome the limitations of the existing procedures for regeneration of mineralized tissues. Stem cells isolated from the endometrial tissue and dental pulp have the capacity to differentiate into various functional cells including osteoblasts. However, studies comparing their ability to regenerate mineralized tissue are lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation potential of endometrial stem cells (EnSCs) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) using in vitro cell culture technique...
March 31, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342218/histological-assessment-of-regenerative-endodontic-treatment-in-animal-studies-with-different-scaffolds-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Milad Altaii, Lindsay Richards, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele
BACKGROUND/AIM: The concept of regenerative endodontic procedures remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histology of the tissues formed in immature animal teeth with necrotic and infected pulps after attempted endodontic regeneration procedures using different scaffolds. DESIGN: A systematic electronic literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, DOSS, and Cochrane Library databases. The terms used were a combination of the following: "immature permanent necrotic tooth or teeth" or "open apex or apices" and "regeneration or revitalization or revascularization" and "histology...
March 24, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331230/dentin-sialoprotein-facilitates-dental-mesenchymal-cell-differentiation-and-dentin-formation
#18
Wentong Li, Lei Chen, Zhuo Chen, Lian Wu, Junsheng Feng, Feng Wang, Lisa Shoff, Xin Li, Kevin J Donly, Mary MacDougall, Shuo Chen
Dentin sialoprotein (DSP) is a dentin extracellular matrix protein. It is involved in dental mesenchymal cell lineages and dentin formation through regulation of its target gene expression. DSP mutations cause dentin genetic diseases. However, mechanisms of DSP in controlling dental mesenchymal cell differentiation are unknown. Using DSP as bait, we screened a protein library from mouse odontoblastic cells and found that DSP is a ligand and binds to cell surface receptor, occludin. Further study identified that the C-terminal DSP domain(aa 363-458) interacts with the occludin extracellular loop 2(aa 194-241)...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328017/dental-pulp-stem-cells-promote-regeneration-of-damaged-neuron-cells-on-the-cellular-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Feixiang Wang, Yali Jia, Jiajing Liu, Jinglei Zhai, Ning Cao, Wen Yue, Huixia He, Xuetao Pei
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an incurable neurodegenerative disease and many types of stem cells have been used in AD therapy with some favorable effects. In this study, we investigated the potential therapeutical effects of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) on AD cellular model which established by okadaic acid (OA)-induced damage to human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y, in vitro for 24h. After confirmed the AD cellular model, the cells were co-culture with hDPSCs by transwell co-culture system till 24 h for treatment...
March 22, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316916/human-ex-vivo-dentin-pulp-complex-preservation-in-a-full-crown-model
#20
João Botelho, Maria Alzira Cavacas, Gonçalo Borrecho, Mário Polido, Pedro Oliveira, José Martins Dos Santos
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there is lack of human in vitro full tooth models that hold the odontoblast layer with pulp tissue in their native environment. The appearance of new in vitro and in vivo models has provided new understanding of the potential of tissue engineering in dental pulp regeneration. However, the development of new in vitro full tooth models will allow us to get closer to in vivo conditions. Thus, the aim of this study is to preserve a living dentin-pulp complex, in a novel in vitro full crown model, after tooth extraction...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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