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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769766/fenugreek-diabetes-and-periodontal-disease-a-cross-link-of-sorts
#1
Gopalakrishnan Sundaram, Theyagarajan Ramakrishnan, Harinath Parthasarathy, Manoj Raja, Samuel Raj
Aims: The aim of this study was to observe the sequelae of fenugreek adjunctive to nonsurgical periodontal therapy and its comparison to a group treated with scaling and root planing (SRP) and metformin alone by assessing their respective effects on periodontal parameters, glycemic status, and serum lipid levels. Materials and Methods: The study comprised eighty patients who were further divided into two groups. Each group consisted of 40 patients. Group 1 consisted of uncontrolled noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with chronic generalized periodontitis, who received SRP and treatment with metformin...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744272/antidiabetic-activity-of-mefloquine-via-glp-1-receptor-modulation-against-stz-na-induced-diabetes-in-albino-wistar-rats
#2
Rajnish Kumar Yadav, Jitendra K Rawat, Swetlana Gautam, Manjari Singh, Manish Kumar, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Subhadeep Roy, Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Gaurav Kaithwas
Mefloquine was retrieved as a glucagon -like peptide-1 receptor agonist and, therefore, evaluated for its antidiabetic potential against non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in experimental animals. NIDDM was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and nicotinamide (60 + 110 mg/kg) in albino wistar rats. The experimental animals were scrutinised for electrocardiographic (ECG) and heart rate variability (HRV) factors to study the autonomic dysfunction along with blood glucose, serum insulin, and liver glycogen levels for glycemic control...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687699/merging-the-properties-of-a-sirolimus-coated-balloon-with-those-of-a-bioresorbable-polymer-sirolimus-eluting-stent-to-address-the-diabetes-issue-results-from-the-en-abl-multicenter-registry
#3
Luca Testa, Sameer Dani, Devang Desai, Rashmit Pandya, Pritesh Parekh, Nirav Bhalani, Arvind Sharma, Chirag Seth, Manish Doshi, Prakash Sojitra, Poonam Chodvadiya, Gopee Dutta, Francesco Bedogni
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have poorer outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention than patients without diabetes. The Abluminus DES+TM drug-eluting stent (DES) features a novel technology of fusion coating of PLLA bioresorbable polymer on both the abluminal surface of the stent and exposed parts of the balloon. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy/safety profile of the Abluminus DES+ in an all-comers population with minimal exclusion criteria and with a specific focus on diabetic patients...
April 20, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521454/permanent-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-and-neurological-abnormalities-due-to-a-novel-homozygous-missense-mutation-in-neurod1
#4
Huseyin Demirbilek, Nihal Hatipoglu, Ulku Gul, Zeynep U Tatli, Sian Ellard, Sarah E Flanagan, Elisa De Franco, Selim Kurtoglu
The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor, neuronal differentiation 1 (NEUROD1) (also known as BETA2) is involved in the development of neural elements and endocrine pancreas. Less than 10 reports of adult-onset non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) due to heterozygous NEUROD1 mutations and 2 cases with permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) and neurological abnormalities due to homozygous NEUROD1 mutations have been published. A 13 year-old female was referred to endocrine department due to hyperglycemia...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415658/late-onset-postoperative-mycobacterium-haemophilum-endophthalmitis-masquerading-as-inflammatory-uveitis-a-case-report
#5
Warinyupa Pinitpuwadol, Sucheera Sarunket, Sutasinee Boonsopon, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Pitipol Choopong
BACKGROUND: Although atypical mycobacteria had been increasingly found in various ocular infections in the past decades, a slow-growing Mycobacterium haemophilum (M. haemophilum) was scarcely reported. Similar to tuberculous infection, the presentation can masquerade as low-grade granulomatous intraocular inflammation with partial response to corticosteroids. Besides, the special requirements for culture make this pathogen difficult to diagnose. The study aims to report the clinical presentation and notify the awareness of NTM endophthalmitis among clinicians...
February 7, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237205/-how-does-diabetes-mellitus-influence-early-postoperative-results-and-survival-in-rectal-cancer
#6
Björn Gebauer, Frank Meyer, Henry Ptok, Ralf Steinert, Ronny Otto, Hans Lippert, Ingo Gastinger
INTRODUCTION:  Aim of this study was to investigate the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) onto the early postoperative and long-term oncosurgical outcome after surgery for rectal cancer using data prospectively obtained in a representative number of patients. METHODS:  Data (using a registration form of 68 items) from the ongoing multicenter observational study "rectal cancer (primary tumor) - elective surgery" on Quality Assurance was used including years 2008 to 2011...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233026/evaluation-of-4-methyl-2-2-methylbenzyl-amino-1-3-thiazole-5-carboxylic-acid-against-hyperglycemia-insulin-sensitivity-and-oxidative-stress-induced-inflammatory-responses-and-%C3%AE-cell-damage-in-the-pancreas-of-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#7
Y N Paudel, M R Ali, S Bawa, S Shah, M Adil, A Siddiqui, A S Basheer, M Q Hassan, M Sharma
4-Methyl-2-[(2-methylbenzyl) amino]-1,3-thiazole-5-carboxylic acid (bioactive compound (BAC)), a novel thiazole derivative, is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor and free radical scavenging agent. Effects of BAC on hyperglycemia, insulin sensitivity, oxidative stress, and inflammatory mediators were evaluated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced neonatal models of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) rats where NIDDM was induced in neonatal pups with single intraperitoneal injection of STZ (100 mg/kg). The effect of BAC (10 and 20 mg/kg, p...
February 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200716/antioxidant-and-inhibitory-effects-of-saponin-extracts-from-dianthus-basuticus-burtt-davy-on-key-enzymes-implicated-in-type-2-diabetes-in-vitro
#8
Mikhail Olugbemiro Nafiu, Anofi Omotayo Tom Ashafa
Context: Dianthus basuticus is a plant of South African origin with various acclaimed pharmaceutical potentials. Aims: This study explored the antioxidant and antidiabetic activities of saponin extract from D. basuticus in vitro . Materials and Methods: Antioxidant activity of saponin was evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and nitric oxide (*NO)-free radical scavenging activity while antidiabetic potentials were measured by the α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of the saponin extract...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196219/diet-induced-insulin-resistance-state-disturbs-brain-clock-processes-and-alters-tuning-of-clock-outputs-in-the-sand-rat-psammomys-obesus
#9
Hanane Touati, Saliha Ouali-Hassenaoui, Aicha Dekar-Madoui, Etienne Challet, Paul Pévet, Patrick Vuillez
Reciprocal interactions closely connect energy metabolism with circadian rhythmicity. Altered clockwork and circadian desynchronization are often linked with impaired energy regulation. Conversely, metabolic disturbances have been associated with altered autonomic and hormonal rhythms. The effects of high-energy (HE) diet on the master clock in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) remain unclear.This question was addressed in the Sand rat (Psammomys obesus), a non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) animal model...
January 15, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947228/outcomes-after-first-time-lower-extremity-revascularization-for-chronic-limb-threatening-ischemia-between-patients-with-and-without-diabetes
#10
Jeremy D Darling, Thomas C F Bodewes, Sarah E Deery, Raul J Guzman, Mark C Wyers, Allen D Hamdan, Hence J Verhagen, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: The effect of diabetes type and insulin dependence on short- and long-term outcomes after lower extremity revascularization for chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) warrants additional study and more targeted focus. We sought to address this paucity of information by evaluating outcomes in insulin-dependent and noninsulin-dependent patients after any first-time revascularization. METHODS: We reviewed all limbs undergoing first-time infrainguinal bypass grafting (BPG) or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with or without stenting (PTA/S) for CLTI at our institution from 2005 to 2014...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894673/defining-the-association-between-diabetes-and-plastic-surgery-outcomes-an-analysis-of-nearly-40-000-patients
#11
David Goltsman, Kerry A Morrison, Jeffrey A Ascherman
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is an increasingly prevalent comorbidity in patients presenting for surgery, impacting nearly 14% of adults in the United States. Although it is known that diabetic patients are at an increased risk for postoperative complications, there is a paucity of literature on the specific ramifications of diabetes on different surgical procedures. METHODS: Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program dataset, demographics, outcomes, and length of in-patient hospitalization were examined for patients who underwent plastic surgery between 2007 and 2012...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832737/corneal-backscatter-in-insulin-dependent-and-non-insulin-dependent-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-pilot-study
#12
Ana M Calvo-Maroto, Rafael J Pérez-Cambrodí, José J Esteve-Taboada, Santiago García-Lázaro, Aleja Ndro Cerviño
PURPOSE: To compare central corneal backscatter obtained from Scheimpflug images between patients with insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM and NIDDM, respectively) and healthy controls. METHODS: Seven patients with IDDM (7 eyes), eleven patients with NIDDM (11 eyes), and sixteen healthy subjects (16 eyes) were included in this pilot study. Scheimpflug imaging system (Pentacam, Oculus Inc., Germany) was used to obtain optical sections of the cornea...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808401/in-vitro-%C3%AE-amylase-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitory-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-extracts-from-cissus-cornifolia-planch-parts
#13
Talent Chipiti, Mohammed Auwal Ibrahim, Moganavelli Singh, Md Shahidul Islam
CONTEXT: Hyperglycemia is the hallmark of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and its prevention will go a long way in managing the disease and its associated complications. Reduction of postprandial hyperglycemia through retarding carbohydrates digesting enzymes is one of the major therapeutic approaches used in the management of diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the antidiabetic and cytotoxic effects of Cissus cornifolia extracts in vitro...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799756/caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-propolis-extract-ameliorates-insulin-resistance-by-inhibiting-jnk-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inflammatory-pathways-in-diabetic-mice-and-hepg2-cell-models
#14
Jiarui Nie, Yaning Chang, Yujia Li, Yingjun Zhou, Jiawen Qin, Zhen Sun, Haibin Li
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), extracted from propolis, was evaluated for the ameliorative effects on insulin resistance and the mechanisms were identified, using non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) model mice and insulin resistance (IR) model cells. After 5 weeks of CAPE supplementation, insulin sensitivity, hyperlipidemia, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) levels were improved in mice. Proinflammatory cytokines in serum and the expressions of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) mRNA in tissues were markedly downregulated from CAPE-treated mice...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739297/the-impact-of-insulin-dependence-on-short-term-postoperative-complications-in-diabetic-patients-undergoing-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#15
Michael C Fu, Venkat Boddapati, David M Dines, Russell F Warren, Joshua S Dines, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: The number of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) procedures performed is steadily increasing, and it is important to characterize predictors of postoperative complications for risk assessment models. Whereas diabetes has been associated with increased morbidity after TSA, the impact of insulin dependence on the risk profile of diabetic patients has not been described. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2011-2014 was used to identify 5918 TSA cases...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688543/liver-steatosis-the-new-epidemic-of-the-third-millennium-benign-liver-state-or-silent-killer
#16
REVIEW
Claudio Puoti, Maria Giuseppa Elmo, Daniela Ceccarelli, Michela Ditrinco
Until the end of the 90's of the last century, rather little attention was paid to the issue of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), perhaps due to the fact that the newly discovered hepatitis C virus did attract a paramount interest of hepatologists and researchers. On the other side, fatty liver was considered a relatively uncommon cause of liver damage, occurring almost exclusively in obese females, often associated with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and with a relatively benign prognosis...
December 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680726/predominantly-negative-impact-of-diabetes-on-spinal-surgery-a-review-and-recommendation-for-better-preoperative-screening
#17
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing spine surgery, the literature attributes significant increased perioperative risks/adverse events (AE) complications, longer length of stay (LOS), and higher 30-day readmission/reoperation rates to those with diabetes. Diabetics are often divided into those with insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM), and non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDD). However, other series also compare those with uncontrolled diabetes (UCDM) vs. those with controlled DM (CDM). METHODS: We found a marked variation in the size and quality of studies identified in PubMed regarding the impact of diabetes on spinal surgery (e...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615632/genome-wide-analysis-suggests-a-differential-microrna-signature-associated-with-normal-and-diabetic-human-corneal-limbus
#18
Mangesh Kulkarni, Aleksandra Leszczynska, Gabbie Wei, Michael A Winkler, Jie Tang, Vincent A Funari, Nan Deng, Zhenqiu Liu, Vasu Punj, Sophie X Deng, Alexander V Ljubimov, Mehrnoosh Saghizadeh
Small non-coding RNAs, in particular microRNAs (miRNAs), regulate fine-tuning of gene expression and can impact a wide range of biological processes. However, their roles in normal and diseased limbal epithelial stem cells (LESC) remain unknown. Using deep sequencing analysis, we investigated miRNA expression profiles in central and limbal regions of normal and diabetic human corneas. We identified differentially expressed miRNAs in limbus vs. central cornea in normal and diabetic (DM) corneas including both type 1 (T1DM/IDDM) and type 2 (T2DM/NIDDM) diabetes...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559194/comparison-of-perioperative-adverse-event-rates-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-diabetes-insulin-dependence-makes-a-difference
#19
Matthew L Webb, Nicholas S Golinvaux, Izuchukwu K Ibe, Patawut Bovonratwet, Matthew S Ellman, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment option for patients with advanced osteoarthritis and has become one of the most frequently performed orthopedic procedures. With the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), the burden of its sequela and associated surgical complications has also increased. For these reasons, it is important to understand the association between DM and the rates of perioperative adverse events after TKA. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282223/analytical-methods-for-metformin-estimation
#20
REVIEW
Durgawati Patel, Puspendra Kumar, Swapnil Sharma, Jaya Dwivedi
Metformin is a widely prescribed oral anti-hyperglycemic agent used in the management of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or type II diabetes. This article accentuates various analytical methods viz. HPLC, HPTLC, spectrophotometric, electrochemical, capillary electrophoresis and LC-MS for the estimation of metformin in pharmaceutical formulations and in biological matrices.
September 3, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
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