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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136374/saffron-against-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-current-status-and-prospective
#1
Mojtaba Shafiee, Nazanin Sadat Aghili Moghaddam, Mohammad Nosrati, Mahsa Tousi, Amir Avan, Mikhail Ryzhikov, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Hamid Fiuji, Majid Rajabian, Amirhosein Bahreyni, Majid Khazaei, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian
Saffron, the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L., is mainly used as a food coloring and flavoring agent. This agricultural product is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of several diseases including asthma, liver disease, menstruation disorders, and, of special interest in this review, in metabolic syndrome. Saffron and its active components including crocin, crocetin and safranal are potential therapeutic candidates for attenuating MetS complications including hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134501/pharmacokinetic-properties-of-saffron-and-its-active-components
#2
Azar Hosseini, Bibi Marjan Razavi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Saffron as a medicinal plant has many therapeutic effects. Phytochemical studies have reported that saffron is composed of at least four active ingredients which include crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin and safranal. The carotenoids of saffron are sensitive to oxygen, light, heat and enzymatic oxidization. However, regulation of these factors is required for saffron quality. Some pharmacologic effects of saffron and its active compounds include cardioprotective, neuroprotective, memory enhancer, antidepressant and anxiolytic...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093644/synergistic-anticancer-effect-of-combined-crocetin-and-cisplatin-on-kyse-150-cells-via-p53-p21-pathway
#3
Sheng Li, Xiu-Yin Shen, Ting Ouyang, Yuhua Qu, Tao Luo, Hua-Qiao Wang
Background: More than 400,000 patients die from esophageal cancer annually. Considerable efforts have been made to develop new and effective treatments, one of which is directed toward herbal medication. Crocetin is a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid isolated from the Chinese herb saffron. We recently reported on the anticancer effects of saffron. This study aimed to determine whether crocetin combined cisplatin has synergistic effect in KYSE-150 cells and explore the underlying mechanism...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981773/evolutionarily-distinct-carotenoid-cleavage-dioxygenases-are-responsible-for-crocetin-production-in-buddleja-davidii
#4
Oussama Ahrazem, Gianfranco Diretto, Javier Argandoña, Ángela Rubio-Moraga, José Manuel Julve, Diego Orzáez, Antonio Granell, Lourdes Gómez-Gómez, Qiao Zhao
Crocetin, one of the few colored apocarotenoids known in nature, is present in flowers and fruits and has long been used medicinally and as a colorant. Saffron is the main source of crocetin, although a few other plants produce lower amounts of this apocarotenoid. Notably, Buddleja davidii accumulates crocetin in its flowers. Recently, a carotenoid dioxygenase cleavage enzyme, CCD2, has been characterized as responsible for crocetin production in Crocus species. We searched for CCD2 homologues in B. davidii and identified several CCD enzymes from the CCD1 and CCD4 subfamilies...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970011/crocetin-inhibits-the-proliferation-migration-and-tgf-%C3%AE-2-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells
#5
Hui-Fang Wang, Jing-Xue Ma, Qing-Li Shang, Jian-Bin An, Hai-Ting Chen
Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, the major cell type in the fibrotic membrane of proliferative vitreoretinopathy, display enhanced proliferative and migratory capacities and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In this study, we investigated the potential impact of crocetin on the proliferation, migration and EMT of cultured ARPE-19 cells. The cells were treated with crocetin alone or in combination with transforming growth factor-β2 (TGF-β2). Cell proliferation was examined using the CCK-8 assay...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852439/crocin-has-anti-inflammatory-and-protective-effects-in-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-renal-injuries
#6
Zeynab Mohamadi Yarijani, Ali Pourmotabbed, Tayebeh Pourmotabbed, Houshang Najafi
OBJECTIVES: Crocus sativus (saffron) has been widely used in traditional medicine. It has also been found to possess many beneficial properties in modern medicine. The most important ingredients of saffron are crocin, crocetin, safranal, and picrocrocin. This study evaluated the protective effects of crocin against the inflammation, oxidative stress, and functional disturbances of the kidney induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different doses of crocin (0, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg) were administered intraperitoneally 30 min before I/R...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770439/crocetin-potentiates-neurite-growth-in-hippocampal-neurons-and-facilitates-functional-recovery-in-rats-with-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Xiqian Wang, Xiejia Jiao, Zhonghao Liu, Yixin Li
Crocetin is an ingredient of traditional Chinese medicine and has therapeutic potential in various diseases due to its pharmacological properties, such as neuroprotection, anti-oxidative stress, and anti-inflammation. These properties might benefit the treatment of spinal cord injury. In the present study, we tested the effect of crocetin on neurite growth and sensorimotor dysfunction in a rat model of spinal cord injury. We evaluated the viability of cultured hippocampal neurons with tetrazolium dye and lactate dehydrogenase assays, visualized neurites and axons with antibody staining, and monitored motor and sensorimotor functions in rats with spinal cord injury using the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan assay and the contact plantar placement test, respectively, and measured cytokine expression using enzyme-linked immuno-absorbent assays...
August 2, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705037/saffron-and-its-derivatives-crocin-crocetin-and-safranal-a-patent-review
#8
Maryam Rameshrad, Bibi Marjan Razavi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Saffron and its main components have traditionally been used as pharmaceutical agents. Current experimental research projects have also exhibited their applications in a wide spectrum of disorder treatments. Area covered: This review covers the demonstrated findings and patents on therapeutic/pharmaceutical properties of saffron and related derivatives, since 2000 to bold their outstanding merit on human health. An extensive literature review was performed in USP Patent, Patentscope, Espacenet and Google Patent in the field of CNS, cardiovascular, urogenital, dermatological and inflammatory disorders...
July 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651239/cardiaprotective-effect-of-crocetin-by-attenuating-apoptosis-in-isoproterenol-induced-myocardial-infarction-rat-model
#9
Weili Zhang, Yuhui Li, Zhiming Ge
Given study evaluates the cardioprotective effect of crocetin in myocardial infracted (MI) rats. MI was produced by administering isoproterenol (90mg/kg/day, i.p.) in rats for two consecutive days. all the animals were divided in to four groups such as control group receives only saline; MI group which receives only isoproterenol and crocetin treated group which receives crocetin (50, 100 and 200mg/kg/day, p.o.) for the duration of 15 days. At the end of dosing left ventricular functions was assessed to estimate its effect on cardiac functions...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643510/characterization-of-the-saffron-derivative-crocetin-as-an-inhibitor-of-human-lactate-dehydrogenase-5-in-the-antiglycolytic-approach-against-cancer
#10
Carlotta Granchi, Serena Fortunato, Serena Meini, Flavio Rizzolio, Isabella Caligiuri, Tiziano Tuccinardi, Hyang Yeon Lee, Paul J Hergenrother, Filippo Minutolo
Inhibition of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) represents an innovative approach to tackle cancer because this peculiar glycolytic metabolism is characteristic of most invasive tumor cells. An investigation into the biological properties of saffron extracts led to the discover of their LDH-inhibition properties. In particular, the most important saffron components, crocetin, was found to inhibit LDH (IC50 = 54.9 ± 4.7 μM). This carotenoid was independently produced by chemical synthesis, and its LDH-inhibition properties manifested via its antiproliferative activity against two glycolytic cancer cell lines (A549 and HeLa, IC50 = 114...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625734/synthesis-and-cardiomyocyte-protection-activity-of-crocetin-diamide-derivatives
#11
Jin Gao, Ming Chen, Xue-Cong Ren, Xiao-Bo Zhou, Qiang Shang, Wen-Qi Lu, Pei Luo, Zhi-Hong Jiang
A series of novel diamide derivatives (2-8) of crocetin (1) were synthesized and evaluated for their cardioprotective activity in vitro. Using well-established model of hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells, we investigated the effects of 9 compounds and positive drug nicorandil on cellular cytotoxicity by MTT assay, mitochondrial viable staining, LDH activity and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Among the new derivatives, compounds 3 and 4 with good liposolubility showed significantly potent activity than crocetin (1) against hypoxia-induced cytotoxicity...
September 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602167/mechanism-behind-the-anti-tumour-potential-of-saffron-crocus-sativus-l-the-molecular-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Sweta Patel, Maryam Sarwat, Tajdar H Khan
Cancer is a disorder which has noted a significant rise in incidence worldwide and continues to be the largest cause of mortality. It has a dramatic impact on human life expectancy and quality of life in spite of the increase in technology and the treatments available for cancer patients. These new therapeutic options being chemotherapy, radiotherapy, photolytic therapy and catalytic therapy are known to have many adverse reactions and also no better positive outcomes than before. Hence, research is now focused more on utilizing the vast repertoire of traditional medicinal knowledge i...
July 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537197/saffron-carotenoids-crocin-and-crocetin-binding-to-human-serum-albumin-as-investigated-by-different-spectroscopic-methods-and-molecular-docking
#13
Moslem Jafarisani, S Zahra Bathaie, Mir F Mousavi
Therapeutic effects of saffron ingredients were studied in some diseases. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of these ingredients were also studied, but their transport mechanism is not clearly known. Serum albumin has been known as the most important transporter of many drugs in the body that affects their disposition, transportation, and bioavailability. Here, we investigated the interaction of crocin (Cro) with HSA, for the first time, and compared with the crocetin (Crt)-HSA interaction. UV and fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism (CD), and molecular docking was applied to investigate the possibility and mechanism of binding of HSA with these natural carotenoids...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528862/crocetin-restores-diabetic-endothelial-progenitor-cell-dysfunction-by-enhancing-no-bioavailability-via-regulation-of-pi3k-akt-enos-and-ros-pathways
#14
Wei Cao, Jinjin Cui, Shufeng Li, Donghui Zhang, Yibo Guo, Qiannan Li, Ying Luan, Xian Liu
AIMS: Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) dysfunction underlies a critical risk factor in diabetic vascular complications due to function defect in restoring endothelium injury. Crocetin has attracted increasing attention in several vascular-related diseases. In present study, we aimed to explore the role of crocetin in diabetic EPC dysfunction. MAIN METHODS: EPCs were isolated from bone marrow in diabetic mice and identified using the fluorescence staining and flow cytometry...
July 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407293/anti-tumor-effects-of-crocetin-and-related-molecular-targets
#15
REVIEW
Maliheh Moradzadeh, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Alijan Tabarraei, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Natural products have gained a wide popularity as chemopreventive and anti-cancer agents owing to their multi-mechanistic mode of action, availability and synergism with several conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Crocetin is a carotenoid compound isolated from the stigma of Crocus sativus L. (saffron). Crocetin has shown promising effects as an anti-tumor agent in animal models and cell culture systems. Crocetin retards the growth of cancer cells via inhibiting nucleic acid synthesis, enhancing anti-oxidative system, and inducing apoptosis and differentiation pathways...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392893/traditional-persian-topical-medications-for-gastrointestinal-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Laleh Dehghani Tafti, Seyyed Mahyar Shariatpanahi, Mahmoud Mahdavi Damghani, Behjat Javadi
Drug delivery across the skin is used for several millennia to ease gastrointestinal (GI) ailments in Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM). TPM topical remedies are generally being applied on the stomach, lower abdomen, lower back and liver to alleviate GI illnesses such as dyspepsia, gastritis, GI ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal worms and infections. The aim of the present study is to survey the topical GI remedies and plant species used as ingredients for these remedies in TPM. In addition, pharmacological activities of the mentioned plants have been discussed...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367420/comparative-study-on-the-preventive-effect-of-saffron-carotenoids-crocin-and-crocetin-in-nmu-induced-breast-cancer-in-rats
#17
Meysam Sajjadi, Zahra Bathaie
OBJECTIVE: Crocin (Cro) and crocetin (Crt) are two widely known saffron carotenoids, which exert anticancer effects by different mechanisms. Here, we investigated and compared the preventive effect of Cro and Crt at the initiation and promotion stages of breast cancer induction in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, female Wistar albino rats were injected with three doses of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (NMU). The preventive intervention was done at different times for the initiation and promotion stages...
April 2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356104/heterologous-biosynthesis-and-manipulation-of-crocetin-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#18
Fenghua Chai, Ying Wang, Xueang Mei, Mingdong Yao, Yan Chen, Hong Liu, Wenhai Xiao, Yingjin Yuan
BACKGROUND: Due to excellent performance in antitumor, antioxidation, antihypertension, antiatherosclerotic and antidepressant activities, crocetin, naturally exists in Crocus sativus L., has great potential applications in medical and food fields. Microbial production of crocetin has received increasing concern in recent years. However, only a patent from EVOVA Inc. and a report from Lou et al. have illustrated the feasibility of microbial biosynthesis of crocetin, but there was no specific titer data reported so far...
March 29, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351329/crocetin-shifts-autophagic-cell-survival-to-death-of-breast-cancer-cells-in-chemotherapy
#19
Ailian Zhang, Jincheng Li
The chemotherapy with fluorouracil is not always effective, in which some breast cancer cells may survive the fluorouracil treatment through enhanced autophagy. Crocetin is the major constituent of saffron, a Chinese traditional herb, which has recently found to have multiple pharmacological effects, including anticancer. However, the effects of Crocetin on the outcome of fluorouracil therapy for breast cancer have not been studied. Here, we showed that fluorouracil treatment inhibited the growth of breast cancer cells, in either a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay or an MTT assay...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330413/molecular-dynamic-simulation-and-dft-study-on-the-drug-dna-interaction-crocetin-as-an-anti-cancer-and-dna-nanostructure-model
#20
Ebrahim Azarhazin, Mohammad Izadyar, Mohammad Reza Housaindokht
In this research, the interaction of Crocetin as an anti-cancer drug and a Dickerson DNA has been investigated. 25 ns molecular dynamic simulations of Crocetin and DNA composed of 12 base pairs and a sequence of d(CGCGAATTCGCG)2 were done in water. Three definite parts of the B-DNA were considered in analyzing the best interactive site from the thermodynamic point of view. Binding energy analysis showed that van der Waals interaction is the most important part related to the reciprocal O and H atoms of the Crocetin and DNA...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
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