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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652916/tunable-delayed-controlled-release-profile-from-layered-polymeric-microparticles
#1
D Dutta, C Fauer, K Hickey, M Salifu, S E Stabenfeldt
Composite microparticles (MPs) with layered architecture, engineered from poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) and poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), are promising devices for achieving the delayed release of proteins. Here, we build on a water-in-oil-in-oil-in-water emulsion method of fabricating layered MPs with an emphasis on modulating the delay period of the protein release profile. Particle hardening parameters (i.e. polymer precipitation rate and total hardening time) following water-in-oil-in-oil-in-water emulsions are known to affect MP structure such as the core/shell material and cargo localization...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652734/luminescent-magnetic-plga-based-hybrid-nanocomposites-a-smart-nanocarrier-system-for-targeted-codelivery-and-dual-modality-imaging-in-cancer-theranostics
#2
Xue Shen, Tingting Li, Zhongyuan Chen, Yue Geng, Xiaoxue Xie, Shun Li, Hong Yang, Chunhui Wu, Yiyao Liu
Cancer diagnosis and treatment represent an urgent medical need given the rising cancer incidence over the past few decades. Cancer theranostics, namely, the combination of diagnostics and therapeutics within a single agent, are being developed using various anticancer drug-, siRNA-, or inorganic materials-loaded nanocarriers. Herein, we demonstrate a strategy of encapsulating quantum dots, superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanocrystals, and doxorubicin (DOX) into biodegradable poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymeric nanocomposites using the double emulsion solvent evaporation method, followed by coupling to the amine group of polyethyleneimine premodified with polyethylene glycol-folic acid (PEI-PEG-FA [PPF]) segments and adsorption of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted small hairpin RNA (shRNA)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652172/enhancement-and-inhibition-effects-on-the-corneal-permeability-of-timolol-maleate-polymers-cyclodextrins-and-chelating-agents
#3
Isabel Rodriguez, José Antonio Vázquez, Lorenzo Pastrana, Vitaliy V Khutoryanskiy
This study investigates how both bioadhesive polymers (chitosan, hyaluronic acid and alginate) and permeability enhancers (ethylene glycol- bis(2-aminoethylether)- N, N, N', N'- tetraacetic acid (EGTA) and hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin) influence the permeability of the anti-glaucoma drug timolol maleate through ex vivo bovine corneas. Our results showed that only the permeability enhancers alone were able to increase drug permeability, whereas the polymers significantly reduced drug permeation, and however, they increased the pre-corneal residence of timolol...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650045/targeted-delivery-of-geranylgeranylacetone-to-mitochondria-by-triphenylphosphonium-modified-nanoparticles-a-promising-strategy-to-prevent-aminoglycoside-induced-hearing-loss
#4
Zhenjie Wang, Xiao Kuang, Jia Shi, Weiling Guo, Hongzhuo Liu
Prevention of hair cell death is an important target for the prevention of hearing loss. Here, we report the engineering of biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs) decorated with triphenylphosphonium (TPP) cations as a robust mitochondrial delivery platform, with the aim of preserving mitochondrial integrity and shutting off the initiation of cell death. Geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), a 70 kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) inducer, was used as a therapeutic molecule to attenuate gentamicin (Gen) induced hearing loss...
June 26, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649842/lipo-oligomer-nanoformulations-for-targeted-intracellular-protein-delivery
#5
Peng Zhang, Benjamin Steinborn, Ulrich Lächelt, Stefan Zahler, Ernst Wagner
Here, we report novel lipo-oligoaminoamide nanoformulations for targeted intracellular protein delivery. Formulations are generated by first bioreversibly conjugating a sequence-defined amphiphilic lipo-oligomer 728 to the cargo protein via disulfide bonds, followed by formulation of the formed 728-SS-protein conjugate with different helper lipids in various compositions. The triblock oligoaminoamide 728 contains cysteines for reversible covalent protein conjugation and crosslink-stabilization of formed nanoparticles, polyethylene glycol (PEG) for shielding and providing a hydrophilic domain, eight cationizable succinoyl tetraethylene pentamine (Stp) repeats for endosomal buffering and escape into the cytosol, and a tetra-oleic acid block for hydrophobic stabilization...
June 26, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649247/an-antigen-presenting-and-apoptosis-inducing-polymer-microparticle-prolongs-alloskin-graft-survival-by-selectively-and-markedly-depleting-alloreactive-cd8-t-cells
#6
Wei Wang, Khawar Ali Shahzad, Miaochen Li, Aifeng Zhang, Lei Zhang, Tao Xu, Xin Wan, Chuanlai Shen
Selectively depleting the pathogenic T cells is a fundamental strategy for the treatment of allograft rejection and autoimmune disease since it retains the overall immune function of host. The concept of killer artificial antigen-presenting cells (KaAPCs) has been developed by co-coupling peptide-major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) multimer and anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (mAb) onto the polymeric microparticles (MPs) to induce the apoptosis of antigen-specific T cells. But little information is available about its in vivo therapeutic potential and mechanism...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645036/influence-of-surface-states-on-blinking-characteristics-of-single-colloidal-cdse-cds-zns-core-multishell-quantum-dot
#7
Hao Xu, Hjalmar Brismar, Ying Fu
We carefully characterized the fluorescence blinking of single colloidal CdSe-CdS/ZnS core-multishell quantum dots (QDs) with different surface modifications, including octadecylamine (ODA) coated QDs dispersed in chloroform, aqueous 3-mercaptopropionic acids (3MPA) coated QDs in HEPES solution treated by Ca(2+) ions and ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid (EGTA, Ca(2+) chelator), and aqueous 3MPA-QDs treated by glycerol. It was found that the on- and off-state probability density distributions displayed different rules...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643777/in-situ-targeted-mri-detection-of-helicobacter-pylori-with-stable-magnetic-graphitic-nanocapsules
#8
Yunjie Li, Xiaoxiao Hu, Ding Ding, Yuxiu Zou, Yiting Xu, Xuewei Wang, Yin Zhang, Long Chen, Zhuo Chen, Weihong Tan
Helicobacter pylori infection is implicated in the aetiology of many diseases. Despite numerous studies, a painless, fast and direct method for the in situ detection of H. pylori remains a challenge, mainly due to the strong acidic/enzymatic environment of the gastric mucosa. Herein, we report the use of stable magnetic graphitic nanocapsules (MGNs), for in situ targeted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detection of H. pylori. Several layers of graphene as the shell effectively protect the magnetic core from corrosion while retaining the superior contrast effect for MRI in the gastric environment...
June 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640834/overexpression-of-gmfdl19-enhances-tolerance-to-drought-and-salt-stresses-in-soybean
#9
Yuanyuan Li, Quanzhen Chen, Haiyang Nan, Xiaoming Li, Sijia Lu, Xiaohui Zhao, Baohui Liu, Changhong Guo, Fanjiang Kong, Dong Cao
The basic leucine zipper (bZIP) family of transcription factors plays an important role in the growth and developmental process as well as responds to various abiotic stresses, such as drought and high salinity. Our previous work identified GmFDL19, a bZIP transcription factor, as a flowering promoter in soybean, and the overexpression of GmFDL19 caused early flowering in transgenic soybean plants. Here, we report that GmFDL19 also enhances tolerance to drought and salt stress in soybean. GmFDL19 was determined to be a group A member, and its transcription expression was highly induced by abscisic acid (ABA), polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000) and high salt stresses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640588/calcitonin-loaded-thermosensitive-hydrogel-for-long-term-anti-osteopenia-therapy
#10
Yanpeng Liu, Xiaobin Chen, Sheyu Li, Qiang Guo, Jing Xie, Lin Yu, Xinyuan Xu, Chunmei Ding, Jianshu Li, Jiandong Ding
Effective anti-osteopenia therapy can be achieved by designing long-term protein/peptide drug delivery systems for bone trabecula restoration. Here we show that a complex of salmon calcitonin and oxidized calcium alginate (sCT-OCA) was prepared and loaded into a thermosensitive copolymer hydrogel for long-term anti-osteopenia treatment. The triblock copolymer, poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) exhibited sol-gel transition at body temperature...
June 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639128/comparison-of-4-l-polyethylene-glycol-and-2-l-polyethylene-glycol-plus-ascorbic-acid-in-patients-with-inactive-ulcerative-colitis
#11
Eun Soo Kim, Kyeong Ok Kim, Byung Ik Jang, Eun Young Kim, Yoo Jin Lee, Hyun Seok Lee, Seong Woo Jeon, Hyun Jin Kim, Sung Kook Kim
BACKGROUND: Although colonoscopy preparation may cause symptom flares in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), little is known about the standard preparation regimen in this population. AIM: We aimed to compare 4L polyethylene glycol (4L-PEG) with 2L polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid (2L-PEG-Asc) in quiescent UC patients. METHODS: Patients with inactive UC undergoing colonoscopy for surveillance or checkup of mucosal healing were prospectively enrolled at 5 tertiary hospitals...
June 21, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636308/redox-sensitive-nanoscale-coordination-polymers-for-drug-delivery-and-cancer-theranostics
#12
Jiayue Zhao, Yu Yang, Xiao Han, Chao Liang, Jingjing Liu, Xuejiao Song, Zili Ge, Zhuang Liu
Nanoscale coordination polymers (NCPs) with inherent biodegradability, chemical diversities, and porous structures, are a promising class of nanomaterials in the nanomedicine field. Herein, a unique type of redox sensitive NCPs is constructed with manganese ions (Mn2+) and dithiodiglycolic acid as the disulfide (SS) containing organic bridging ligand. The obtained Mn-SS NCPs with mesoporous structure could be efficiently loaded with doxorubicin (DOX), a chemotherapeutics. The yielded Mn-SS/DOX nanoparticles are coated with a layer of polydopamine (PDA) and then modified by polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635249/perfluorocarbon-gold-loading-for-non-invasive-in-vivo-assessment-of-bone-fillers-using-19f-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-computed-tomography
#13
Simone Mastrogiacomo, Weiqiang Dou, Olga Koshkina, Otto C Boerman, John A Jansen, Arend Heerschap, Mangala Srinivas, X Frank Walboomers
Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) is used in bone repair because of its biocompatibility. However, high similarity between CPC and the natural osseous phase results in poor image contrast in most of the available in vivo imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). For accurate identification and localization during and after implantation in vivo, a composition with enhanced image contrast is needed. In this study, we labeled CPC with perfluoro-15-crown-5-ether-loaded (PFCE) poly(latic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (hydrodynamic radius 100 nm) and gold nanoparticles (diameter 40 nm), as 19F MRI and CT contrast agents respectively...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634732/engineering-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-plga-micro-and-nano-carriers-for-controlled-delivery-of-17%C3%AE-estradiol
#14
Alesia V Prakapenka, Heather A Bimonte-Nelson, Rachael W Sirianni
With menopause, circulating levels of 17β-estradiol (E2) markedly decrease. E2-based hormone therapy is prescribed to alleviate symptoms associated with menopause. E2 is also recognized for its beneficial effects in the central nervous system (CNS), such as enhanced cognitive function following abrupt hormonal loss associated with ovariectomy. For women with an intact uterus, an opposing progestogen component is required to decrease the risk of developing endometrial hyperplasia. While adding an opposing progestogen attenuates these detrimental effects on the uterus, it can attenuate the beneficial effects of E2 in the CNS...
June 20, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633353/modulating-role-of-ros-in-re-establishing-desiccation-tolerance-in-germinating-seeds-of-caragana-korshinskii-kom
#15
Long Peng, Sirui Lang, Yu Wang, Hugh W Pritchard, Xiaofeng Wang
In close agreement with visible germination, orthodox seeds lose desiccation tolerance (DT). This trait can be regained under osmotic stress, but the mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, germinating seeds of Caragana korshinskii Kom. were investigated, focusing on the potential modulating roles of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the re-establishment of DT. Germinating seeds with 2 mm long radicles can be rendered tolerant to desiccation by incubation in a polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution (-1...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633119/polymer-grafted-magnetic-halloysite-nanotube-for-controlled-and-sustained-release-of-cationic-drug
#16
Meriem Fizir, Pierre Dramou, Kai Zhang, Cheng Sun, Chuong Pham-Huy, Hua He
In this research, novel polymer grafted-magnetic halloysite nanotubes with norfloxacin loaded (NOR-MHNTs) and controlled-release, was achieved by surface-initiated precipitation polymerization. The magnetic halloysite nanotubes exhibited better adsorption of NOR (72.10mgg(-1)) compared with the pristine HNTs (30.80mgg(-1)). Various parameters influencing the drug adsorption of the MHNTs for NOR were studied. Polymer grafted NOR-MHNTs has been designed using flexible docking in computer simulation to choose optimal monomers...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633107/effects-of-chemical-and-physical-enhancement-techniques-on-transdermal-delivery-of-3-fluoroamphetamine-hydrochloride
#17
Ashana Puri, Kevin S Murnane, Bruce E Blough, Ajay K Banga
The present study investigated the passive transdermal delivery of 3-fluoroamphetamine hydrochloride (PAL-353) and evaluated the effects of chemical and physical enhancement techniques on its permeation through human skin. In vitro drug permeation studies through dermatomed human skin were performed using Franz diffusion cells. Passive permeation of PAL-353 from propylene glycol and phosphate buffered saline as vehicles was studied. Effect of oleic acid, maltose microneedles, ablative laser, and anodal iontophoresis on its transdermal permeation was investigated...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630710/hdac-inhibitor-conjugated-polymeric-prodrug-micelles-for-doxorubicin-delivery
#18
Suchithra A Senevirathne, Katherine E Washington, Jason B Miller, Michael C Biewer, David Oupicky, Daniel J Siegwart, Mihaela C Stefan
Amphiphilic diblock copolymers bearing histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) (4-phenyl butyric acid and valproic acid) were synthesized by the ring-opening polymerization of γ-4-phenylbutyrate-ε-caprolactone (PBACL), γ-valproate-ε-caprolactone (VPACL), and ε-caprolactone (CL) from a poly(ethylene glycol) macroinitiator (PEG). These amphiphilic diblock copolymers self-assembled into stable pro-drug micelles and demonstrated excellent biocompatibility. High loading of doxorubicin (DOX) up to 5.1 wt% was achieved...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629998/aloe-emodin-ae-nanoparticles-suppresses-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-human-lung-squamous-carcinoma-via-ros-generation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#19
Yuan-Yuan Wu, Jing-Hua Zhang, Jing-Hua Gao, Yong-Sheng Li
Human lung squamous cell carcinoma is a deadly cancer for which present therapeutic strategies are inadequate. And traditional chemotherapy results in severe systemic toxicity. Compounds from living organisms often exert a biological activity, triggering several targets, which may be useful for the improvement of novel pharmaceuticals. Aloe-emodin (AE), a well-known natural compound, is a primary component of anthraquinones in Aloe vera and exhibits anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects on various tumor cells...
June 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629804/zero-order-controlled-release-delivery-of-cholecalciferol-from-injectable-biodegradable-microsphere-in-vitro-characterization-and-in-vivo-pharmacokinetic-studies
#20
Lalit Vora, Sita V G, Pradeep Vavia
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres loaded with cholecalciferol (CL), more bioactive form of vitamin D was developed as an injectable controlled drug release system and was evaluated for its feasibility of once a month delivery. The CL loaded microspheres (CL-MS) were prepared by simple oil in water (O/W) emulsion-solvent evaporation technique incorporated with a stabilizer, Tocopherol Succinate (TS). Different formulation as well as process parameters were investigated namely concentration of emulsifier, concentration of stabilizer and drug: polymer mass ratios...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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