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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813449/influenza-virus-infections-among-patients-attending-emergency-department-according-to-main-reason-to-presenting-to-ed-a-3-year-prospective-observational-study-during-seasonal-epidemic-periods
#1
Enrique Casalino, Stephanie Antoniol, Nadhira Fidouh, Christophe Choquet, Jean-Christophe Lucet, Xavier Duval, Benoit Visseaux, Laurent Pereira
OBJECTIVE: The role of influenza virus in patients presenting at ED during seasonal-epidemic periods has not previously been specified. Our objective was to determine its frequency according to clinical presentation. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study conducted during three-consecutive seasonal Influenza epidemics (2013-2015), including patients presenting i) community-acquired pneumonia (CAP); ii) severe acute symptoms (SAS): respiratory failure (RF), hemodynamic failure (HF), cardiac failure (CF), and miscellaneous symptoms (M); iii) symptoms suggesting influenza (PSSI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813437/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-internet-use-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people-the-good-the-bad-and-the-unknown
#2
Amanda Marchant, Keith Hawton, Ann Stewart, Paul Montgomery, Vinod Singaravelu, Keith Lloyd, Nicola Purdy, Kate Daine, Ann John
BACKGROUND: Research exploring internet use and self-harm is rapidly expanding amidst concerns regarding influences of on-line activities on self-harm and suicide, especially in young people. We aimed to systematically review evidence regarding the potential influence of the internet on self-harm/suicidal behaviour in young people. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review based on an electronic search for articles published between 01/01/2011 and 26/01/2015 across databases including Medline, Cochrane and PsychInfo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813288/adult-attachment-stress-and-romantic-relationships
#3
REVIEW
Jeffry A Simpson, W Steven Rholes
In this article, we discuss theory and research on how individuals who have insecure adult romantic attachment orientations typically think, feel, and behave when they or their romantic partners encounter certain types of chronic or acute stress. We first review basic principles of attachment theory and then discuss how two forms of attachment insecurity-anxiety and avoidance-are associated with unique patterns of emotion regulation in response to certain types of threatening/distressing situations. We then discuss a Diathesis-Stress Process Model that has guided our research, highlighting studies that provide support for certain pathways of the model...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813287/marital-satisfaction-and-divorce-in-couples-in-stepfamilies
#4
REVIEW
Anita DeLongis, Amy Zwicker
We review research and theory examining stress and coping in stepfamilies as predictors of marital quality and divorce. Although the divorce rate in first-marriages has stabilized after years of increase in North America, the divorce rate of remarriages continues to increase. We argue that depression and marital distress are both mechanisms through which stepfamily stress impacts marital stability, with parenting stressors particularly potent determinants of divorce. We draw upon our own research predicting divorce across 20 years in 112 married couples in stepfamilies, as well as from the larger literature on stepfamilies...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813280/breakthroughs-in-understanding-addiction-and-close-relationships
#5
REVIEW
Lindsey M Rodriguez, Jaye Derrick
Substance use is one aspect of life that can serve to bring couples together or tear them apart. Evidence has accumulated for both substance use affecting relationship distress (e.g., partners of substance users report poorer individual and relational outcomes) as well as relationship conflict affecting subsequent substance use (e.g., individuals use substances as a way to cope with interpersonal conflict and distress). We discuss several determinants of each association, including individual difference and relationship-specific constructs...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812985/interventions-to-support-integrated-psychological-care-and-holistic-health-outcomes-in-paediatrics
#6
REVIEW
Roz Shafran, Sophie D Bennett, Mhairi McKenzie Smith
There are strong calls from many national and international bodies for there to be a 'holistic' and integrated approach to the understanding and management of psychological and physical health needs. Such holistic approaches are characterized by the treatment of the whole person, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the symptoms of a disease. Holistic approaches can impact on mental and physical health and are cost-effective. Several psychological interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving holistic health outcomes, for example Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Behavioural Therapies and Problem Solving Therapies...
August 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812313/current-and-potential-pharmacological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-anxiety-symptoms-and-disorders-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-structured-review
#7
REVIEW
Fleur M Howells, David G Kingdon, David S Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: Between 30% and 62% of patients with schizophrenia present with co-morbid anxiety disorders that are associated with increased overall burden. Our aim was to summarize current and potential interventions for anxiety in schizophrenia. DESIGN: Structured review, summarizing pharmacological and psychosocial interventions used to reduce anxiety in schizophrenia and psychosis. RESULTS: Antipsychotics have been shown to reduce anxiety, increase anxiety, or have no effect...
August 15, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812164/efficacy-of-fractional-lasers-in-treating-alopecia-a-literature-review
#8
Marina Perper, Adam S Aldahan, Rachel A Fayne, Christopher P Emerson, Keyvan Nouri
Hair loss stemming from different types of alopecia, such as androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata, negatively affects over half the population and, in many circumstances, causes serious psychosocial distress. Current treatment options for alopecia, such as minoxidil, anthralin, and intralesional corticosteroids, vary efficacy and side effect profiles. It is known that low-level laser/light therapies (LLLT), or photobiomodulations, such as the US FDA-cleared HairMax Lasercomb®, He-Ne laser, and excimer laser, are relatively affordable, user-friendly, safe, and effective forms of treatment for hair loss...
August 16, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811944/successful-resuscitation-of-a-patient-with-life-threatening-metabolic-acidosis-by-hemodialysis-a-case-of-ethylene-glycol-intoxication
#9
Ikuyo Narita, Michiko Shimada, Norio Nakamura, Reiichi Murakami, Takeshi Fujita, Wakako Fukuda, Hirofumi Tomita
BACKGROUND: Ethylene glycol intoxication causes severe metabolic acidosis and acute kidney injury. Fomepizole has become available as its antidote. Nevertheless, a prompt diagnosis is not easy because patients are often unconscious. Here we present a case of ethylene glycol intoxication who successfully recovered with prompt hemodialysis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old Japanese male was admitted to a local hospital due to suspected food poisoning. The patient presented with nausea and vomiting, but his condition rapidly deteriorated, with worsening conscious level, respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation, hypotension, and severe acute kidney injury...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811782/clinical-effects-of-pulmonary-surfactant-in-combination-with-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-neonatal-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#10
Congmin Zhang, Xiaojing Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the therapeutic effect of pulmonary surfactant (PS) in combination with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) therapy on neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). METHODOLOGY: Forty-nine neonates who were diagnosed as NRDS and admitted in our hospital from May 2014 to June 2015 were selected and divided into an observation group and a control group. The observation group was treated with PS and NCPAP. The control group was treated only with NCPAP...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811679/bisphenol-a-does-not-mimic-estrogen-in-the-promotion-of-the-in-vitro-response-of-murine-dendritic-cells-to-toll-like-receptor-ligands
#11
Marita Chakhtoura, Uma Sriram, Michelle Heayn, Joshua Wonsidler, Christopher Doyle, Joudy-Ann Dinnall, Stefania Gallucci, Rebecca A Roberts
Sex hormones affect immune responses and might promote autoimmunity. Endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) may mimic their immune effects. Conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) are pivotal initiators of immune responses upon activation by danger signals coming from pathogens or distressed tissues through triggering of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs). We generated in vitro murine cDCs in the absence of estrogens and measured the effects of exogenously added estrogen or BPA on their differentiation and activation by the TLR ligands LPS and CpG...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811488/deregulation-of-zpr1-causes-respiratory-failure-in-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#12
Naresh K Genabai, Annapoorna Kannan, Saif Ahmad, Xiaoting Jiang, Kanchan Bhatia, Laxman Gangwani
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is caused by the low levels of survival motor neuron (SMN) protein and is characterized by motor neuron degeneration and muscle atrophy. Respiratory failure causes death in SMA but the underlying molecular mechanism is unknown. The zinc finger protein ZPR1 interacts with SMN. ZPR1 is down regulated in SMA patients. We report that ZPR1 functions downstream of SMN to regulate HoxA5 levels in phrenic motor neurons that control respiration. Spatiotemporal inactivation of Zpr1 gene in motor neurons down-regulates HoxA5 and causes defects in the function of phrenic motor neurons that results in respiratory failure and perinatal lethality in mice...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810969/a-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-combat-and-operational-stress-control-restoration-center-in-afghanistan
#13
Jason L Judkins, Devvon L Bradley
BACKGROUND: The management of Combat and Operational Stress Reactions (COSR) within an operational environment is a multidimensional process. The aim is to help prevent behavioral health problems, preserve combat power, and increase return to duty rates for combat stress related casualties. In some COSR cases, enhanced services are required and the Combat and Operational Stress Control (COSC) Clinic refers Service Members (SMs) to the Freedom Restoration Clinic (FRC). The purpose was to describe a deployed restoration center in Afghanistan and examine the long-term effectiveness of those services...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810955/embedded-mental-health-promotion-of-psychological-hygiene-within-a-submarine-squadron
#14
James Rapley, John Chin, Brian McCue, Mathew Rariden
INTRODUCTION: Psychological fitness is an important component to operational unit readiness and success. Embedding behavioral health providers can reduce unplanned personnel losses (UPL) as a result of psychological stress. The U.S. Submarine Forces implemented the Submarine Squadron 6 (CSS-6) Embedded Mental Health Pilot (EMHP) Program to address this type of UPL, which is classified as a Code 2 loss. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the EMHP Program at reducing UPL by improving psychological readiness through expedited access to care...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810499/the-relationship-between-negative-responses-to-hiv-status-disclosure-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-people-living-with-hiv
#15
Elena Cama, Loren Brener, Sean Slavin, John de Wit
This report examines rates of HIV status disclosure and negative responses to disclosure among people living with HIV in Australia. Among 697 people living with HIV, most (>90%) had disclosed their status to friends, sexual partners and health providers. Almost a third had not disclosed to family, and half had not told any work colleagues. Negative responses to disclosure (e.g. blame, rejection) by all groups were associated with increased HIV-related stigma, psychological distress and diminished social support and health satisfaction...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810489/social-inhibition-and-emotional-distress-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-the-type-d-personality-construct
#16
Ivy Timmermans, Henneke Versteeg, Stefanie Duijndam, Corine Graafmans, Peter Polak, Johan Denollet
We examined the validity of the social inhibition component of Type D, its distinctiveness from negative affectivity, and value regarding emotional distress as measured with the DS14 in 173 coronary artery disease patients. In dimensional analysis, social inhibition and negative affectivity emerged as distinct traits. Analysis of continuous negative affectivity and social inhibition measures showed main effects for several emotional and inhibition markers and an interaction effect for social anxiety. Categorical analysis indicated that Type D patients reported more depression, negative mood, social anxiety, and less positive mood...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810477/feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-self-help-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-intervention-for-grief-and-psychological-distress-in-carers-of-palliative-care-patients
#17
Esther L Davis, Frank P Deane, Geoffrey Cb Lyons, Gregory D Barclay, Joan Bourne, Vivienne Connolly
We tested the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an acceptance and commitment therapy self-help intervention for grief and psychological distress in carers of patients in palliative care. Carers were randomised to the control group, which received treatment as usual, or the intervention group, which received treatment as usual plus an acceptance and commitment therapy-based self-help booklet and telephone support call. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, 1-month post-allocation and 6 months post-loss...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810430/exploring-changes-in-distress-among-individuals-with-bleeding-disorders-what-is-linked-to-improvements-in-distress
#18
Vaughn Barry, Mary Ellen Lynch, Duc Q Tran, Ana Antun, Anthony DeBalsi, Denise Hicks, Francie Lasseter, Shanna Mattis, Maria Ja Ribeiro, Sidney F Stein, Christine L Kempton
Adults with chronic bleeding disorders report high distress, but it is unclear how distress varies over time. Patients rated their distress on a 10-point scale at two clinic visits. Of 83 patients, roughly one-quarter reported consistent no/low distress (29%), one-quarter reported consistent distress (22%), and half (49%) reported a change in distress of at least two points. Overall activity levels, depressive symptoms, and non-White race were significantly associated with worsening and consistent distress in adjusted analyses while improvements in activity levels and depressive symptoms during the study period were associated with distress improvement...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810403/information-support-illness-perceptions-and-distress-in-survivors-of-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#19
Chelsea H Wiener, Jeffrey E Cassisi, Daniel Paulson, Olga Husson, Rema A Gupta
Survivors of differentiated thyroid cancer report significant distress. This study examines illness perceptions as mediating the relationship between information support and distress among survivors of differentiated thyroid cancer. Data were obtained from the Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial Treatment and Long-term Evaluation of Survivorship registry. Model results revealed that greater information support was associated with better illness perceptions, and that better illness perceptions were associated with less distress...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810386/-free-butterflies-will-come-out-of-these-deep-wounds-a-grounded-theory-of-how-endometriosis-affects-women-s-psychological-health
#20
Federica Facchin, Emanuela Saita, Giussy Barbara, Dhouha Dridi, Paolo Vercellini
This study aimed to develop a grounded theory of how endometriosis affects psychological health. Open interviews were conducted with 74 patients. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was administered to all women, who were divided into distressed versus non-distressed. At the core of our grounded theory was the notion of disruption due to the common features of living with endometriosis. Experiencing disruption (vs restoring continuity) involved higher distress and was associated with a long pathway to diagnosis, bad doctor-patient relationships, poor physical health, lack of support, negative sense of female identity, and identification of life with endometriosis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
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