keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Distress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156871/relationship-of-spinal-curvature-mobility-and-low-back-pain-in-women-with-and-without-urinary-incontinence
#1
Şeyda Toprak Çelenay, Derya Özer Kaya
Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the relationship of sagittal spinal curvature, mobility, and low back pain (LBP) in women with and without urinary incontinence (UI). Materials and methods: Thirty-two women with UI (incontinence group) and 41 women without UI (control group) were included in this study. The sagittal spinal curvature and mobility were assessed with a Spinal Mouse device (IDIAG, Fehraltorf, Switzerland). Urogenital symptom distress, LBP, and disability caused by LBP were assessed using the Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 (UDI-6), a visual analog scale (VAS), and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), respectively...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156359/emotion-regulation-deficits-in-persons-with-body-focused-repetitive-behavior-disorders
#2
Jennifer R Alexander, David C Houghton, Christopher C Bauer, Heather C Lench, Douglas W Woods
BACKGROUND: Conceptualizations of emotion dysregulation (ED) and body-focused repetitive behavior disorders (BFRBDs) imply that ED may be a central component of BFRBDs as well as a factor that distinguishes BFRBDs from non-impairing, subclinical body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs). The current study empirically tested these observations. METHODS: One hundred thirty-eight undergraduates (of 1900 who completed a screening survey) completed self-report measures assessing four emotion regulation (ER) deficits hypothesized to underlie ED (alexithymia, maladaptive emotional reactivity, experiential avoidance, and response inhibition when distressed); 34 of these participants had BFRBDs, 64 had subclinical BFRBs, and 42 were unaffected by BFRBs...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155955/changes-in-sleep-difficulties-during-the-transition-to-statutory-retirement
#3
Saana Myllyntausta, Paula Salo, Erkki Kronholm, Jaana Pentti, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Sari Stenholm
Objectives: This study examined changes in sleep during the transition from full-time work to statutory retirement. Both the prevalence of any sleep difficulty and the prevalence of specific sleep difficulties, such as difficulties falling asleep, difficulties maintaining sleep, waking up too early in the morning and nonrestorative sleep, were examined. Methods: Data from the Finnish Public Sector study were used. The study population consisted of 5,807 Finnish public sector employees who retired on statutory basis between 2000-2011...
November 16, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155840/indications-and-determinants-of-caesarean-section-delivery-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-matlab-bangladesh
#4
Tahmina Begum, Aminur Rahman, Herfina Nababan, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Al Fazal Khan, Taslim Ali, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Caesarean section (C-section) is a major obstetric intervention for saving lives of women and their newborns from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. Un-necessary C-sections may have adverse impact upon maternal and neonatal outcomes. In Bangladesh there is paucity of data on clinical indication of C-section at population level. We conducted a retrospective study in icddr,b Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area of Matlab to look into the indications and determinants of C-sections...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155486/toxic-stress-and-child-refugees
#5
John S Murray
The purpose of this article was to describe the phenomenon of toxic stress and its impact on the physical and mental health of child refugees. Almost two decades ago, researchers found that recurring adverse childhood events (ACEs; e.g., physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction such as substance abuse, mental illness, and criminal behavior) were associated with a significant increase in serious illnesses during adulthood. Illnesses include heart, lung, and liver disease, cancer, and bone fractures...
November 20, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155166/do-correlates-of-pain-related-stoicism-and-cautiousness-differ-in-younger-and-older-people-with-advanced-cancer
#6
Kenneth Mah, Kim T Tran, Lynn R Gauthier, Gary Rodin, Camilla Zimmermann, David Warr, S Lawrence Librach, Malcolm Moore, Frances A Shepherd, Lucia Gagliese
Age differences are not evident in pain-related stoicism and cautiousness in people with cancer pain. Little is known about the factors associated with these pain-related attitudes or age-related patterns in these associations. The present cross-sectional study investigated the biopsychosocial correlates of the attitudes in younger and older patients with advanced cancer. Pain-related stoicism (fortitude, concealment, superiority) and cautiousness (self-doubt, reluctance) were assessed using the Pain Attitudes Questionnaire-Revised (PAQ-R)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154919/patient-reported-outcomes-and-opioid-use-by-outpatient-cancer-patients
#7
N Moryl, V Dave, P Glare, A Bokhari, V T Malhotra, A Gulati, J Hung, V Puttanniah, Y Griffo, R Tickoo, A Wiesenthal, S D Horn, C E Inturrisi
The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Pain Registry contains patient characteristics, treatments, and outcomes for a prospective cohort of 1534 chronic pain cancer patients who were seen at outpatient pain service clinics. Average pain intensity (Brief Pain Inventory) was reported as mild by 24.6% of patients, moderate by 41.5%, and severe by 33.9%. The patient's report of average percent pain relief and health state (EQ-5D) was inversely related to average pain intensity category, while measures of pain interference, number of worst pain locations, and physical and psychological distress were directly related to pain intensity category...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154798/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-reducing-mental-distress-in-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Sophia Burghardt, Susan Koranyi, Gabriel Magnucki, Bernhard Strauss, Jenny Rosendahl
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in adults undergoing dental procedures under regional or general anesthesia compared to standard care alone or an attention control group on the reduction of mental distress, pain, and analgesic use. DATA SOURCES: To identify relevant papers a comprehensive literature search was carried out in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (last search August, 2017). Additionally, lists of references of relevant articles and previous reviews were checked...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154610/identity-concealment-in-transgender-adults-a-qualitative-assessment-of-minority-stress-and-gender-affirmation
#9
Brian A Rood, Meredith R Maroney, Jae A Puckett, Ariel K Berman, Sari L Reisner, David W Pantalone
Minority individuals might conceal their identity in social contexts in an effort to avoid stigma and victimization. Unfortunately, identity concealment is thought to impact psychological distress in transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. Thus, through 30 in-depth interviews, we sought to understand if and how identity concealment was experienced by TGNC individuals. Findings indicated that (a) TGNC identity concealment is a source of stress, (b) individuals might conceal their TGNC identity based on social context, (c) concealment of assigned sex and gender history can function to affirm one's true gender identity, and (d) concealment of gender history is a rejection of one's assigned sex...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154605/psychological-symptoms-and-subsequent-healthy-lifestyle-after-a-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis
#10
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Shelley S Tworoger, Elizabeth M Poole, Xuehong Zhang, Edward L Giovannucci, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Laura D Kubzansky
OBJECTIVE: Although medical professionals recommend lifestyle changes following a colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis to improve outcomes, such changes are not consistently implemented. This study examines whether higher distress is associated with lower likelihood of engaging in favorable behaviors after CRC diagnosis. METHOD: Women from the Nurses' Health Study prospective cohort who completed anxiety (n = 145) and depression (n = 227) symptom scales within 4 years after receiving a CRC diagnosis were included...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154594/morally-injurious-events-and-psychological-distress-among-veterans-examining-the-mediating-role-of-religious-and-spiritual-struggles
#11
Wyatt R Evans, Melinda A Stanley, Terri L Barrera, Julie J Exline, Kenneth I Pargament, Ellen J Teng
OBJECTIVE: Potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs)-violations (perpetrated or witnessed) of one's deeply held beliefs or values-have been associated with several forms of psychological distress. The values violated by PMIEs are often influenced by one's religion/spirituality (r/s). Struggles with one's r/s beliefs and/or practices may also contribute to elevated psychological distress. To further develop a framework for understanding and treating the sequelae of PMIE exposure, we examined the role of r/s struggles in the relation between PMIE exposure and psychological distress...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154593/shame-and-alienation-related-to-child-maltreatment-links-to-symptoms-across-generations
#12
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated associations between appraisals of shame and alienation related to mothers' own experiences of child maltreatment and symptoms across generations-in mothers themselves as well as their toddler/preschool-aged children. METHOD: Mothers who survived maltreatment (N = 113) with a child between the ages of 2 and 5 were recruited to participate in an online study on Maternal Coping, Attachment and Health. Mother participants completed a series of questionnaires, including those that asked about posttrauma appraisals of their own maltreatment experiences as well as their child's and their own mental health symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154592/college-females-with-maltreatment-histories-have-atypical-autonomic-regulation-and-poor-psychological-wellbeing
#13
Lourdes P Dale, Samia K Shaikh, Laura C Fasciano, Vanessa D Watorek, Keri J Heilman, Stephen W Porges
OBJECTIVES: This study uniquely examined the impact of maltreatment (without a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) on physiological responses to a physical and an emotional stressor. The study sample was composed exclusively of women, because men may differ in maltreatment experience and neural regulation of physiological reactivity. METHOD: Participants were 60 female college students. A significant proportion of the participants reported experiencing childhood maltreatment without a history of PTSD...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154589/down-regulation-of-amygdala-response-to-infant-crying-a-role-for-distraction-in-maternal-emotion-regulation
#14
Christine Firk, Brigitte Dahmen, Christin Lehmann, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Kerstin Konrad
Infant crying elicits caregiving behaviors, which are indispensable for fulfilling the infant's needs. However, infant crying can also evoke negative and angry feelings in the caregiver. Therefore, parents need to regulate their own negative emotions to infant crying to sensitively respond to the distressed infant. Thus, the current study aims to examine the neural basis of emotional reactivity and emotional regulation in response to infant crying using functional MRI in primiparous mothers (N = 26). Amygdala activation in response to infant crying was negatively associated with maternal sensitivity and maternal nonhostility during mother-infant interaction...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154584/digital-altruists-resolving-key-questions-about-the-empathy-altruism-hypothesis-in-an-internet-sample
#15
William H B McAuliffe, Daniel E Forster, Joachner Philippe, Michael E McCullough
Researchers have identified the capacity to take the perspective of others as a precursor to empathy-induced altruistic motivation. Consequently, investigators frequently use so-called perspective-taking instructions to manipulate empathic concern. However, most experiments using perspective-taking instructions have had modest sample sizes, undermining confidence in the replicability of results. In addition, it is unknown whether perspective-taking instructions work because they increase empathic concern or because comparison conditions reduce empathic concern (or both)...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154578/sexual-victimization-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-distress-daily-coping-and-perceived-control-as-mediators
#16
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Majel R Baker, Addie N Merians, Patricia A Frazier
The primary aim of the present study was to assess 2 potential mediators (daily avoidant coping and perceived control) of the relations between past sexual victimization and childhood emotional abuse and current distress. Participants (N = 268) were undergraduate students in psychology courses at a large Midwestern university who completed measures of sexual victimization, childhood emotional abuse, neuroticism, and distress at baseline; daily measures of avoidant coping and perceived control over stressors for 14 days (Time 2); and measures of avoidant coping, perceived control, and distress at Time 3...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154558/pilot-evaluation-of-a-resilience-training-program-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Kenneth I Pakenham, Matthew Mawdsley, Felicity L Brown, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and psychosocial outcomes of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based group resilience training program for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Research Method/Design: The study used a pre-post group intervention design with 3-month follow-up. The intervention consisted of 8 group sessions of 2.5 hours each with 7 weekly sessions plus a booster Session 5 weeks later. Thirty-seven PwMS completed questionnaires. Primary psychosocial outcomes were resilience, quality of life (QoL), and distress...
November 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154519/current-treatments-for-anal-condylomata-acuminata
#18
Massimiliano Mistrangelo, Ivano Dal Conte, Silvio Volpatto, Giulio DI Benedetto, Valentina Testa, Francesca Currado, Mario Morino
INTRODUCTION: Condylomata acuminate are the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. They are usually a serious problem, but it causes emotional distress to patient and physician alike because of its marked tendency to recurrence. The presence of anogenital warts mandates treatment, also for potential degeneration of the lesions. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of the Literature has been performed to analyze proposed treatments for anogenital warts. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Many treatments have been employed...
November 20, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154171/early-maladaptive-schemas-as-mediators-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-later-psychological-distress-among-chinese-college-students
#19
Jingbo Gong, Raymond C K Chan
The aim of the current study was to examine whether early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) mediate the association between different kinds of childhood maltreatment and later psychopathology and the effect of different kinds of childhood maltreatment on psychological distress in later life. A total of 1102 college students from two local universities participated in the study; their average age was 20.46 ± 1.13 years. The participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Early Maladaptive Schemas Scale (EMSs), the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS)...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153935/a-qualitative-assessment-of-adolescent-girls-perception-of-living-with-congenital-heart-disease-focusing-on-future-pregnancies-and-childbirth
#20
Mayumi Nakamura, Sachiko Kita, Ryota Kikuchi, Yoichiro Hirata, Takahiro Shindo, Nobutaka Shimizu, Ryo Inuzuka, Akira Oka, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
PURPOSE: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth anomaly in Japan, occurring in approximately 10.6 of every 1,000 live births. Advancements in medical and surgical care have increased births by women diagnosed with CHD. The study's purpose was to examine the perceptions of pregnancy and childbirth among adolescent girls with CHD. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted, and the data were analyzed using a modified grounded-theory approach...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
keyword
keyword
3637
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"