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Diabetes prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691953/circulating-mots-c-levels-are-decreased-in-obese-male-children-and-adolescents-and-associated-with-insulin-resistance
#1
Caiqi Du, Cai Zhang, Wei Wu, Yan Liang, Anru Wang, Shimin Wu, Yue Zhao, Ling Hou, Qin Ning, Xiaoping Luo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A novel bioactive peptide, mitochondrial-derived peptide (MOTS-c), has recently attracted attention as a potential prevention or therapeutic option for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). MOTS-c profiles have not yet been reported in human obesity and T2DM. We aimed to determine circulating MOTS-c levels in obesity and explore the association between MOTS-c levels and various metabolic parameters. METHODS: In this case-control study, 40 obese children and adolescents (27 males) and 57 controls (40 males) were recruited in the Hubei Province of China in 2017...
April 25, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691782/cost-effectiveness-of-aspirin-adherence-for-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-events
#2
Laurence M Djatche, Stefan Varga, Robert D Lieberthal
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal adherence to aspirin therapy for secondary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) events is an important public health problem. Prior studies have demonstrated non-adherent patients are at higher risk of experiencing CV events. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate the clinical and economic outcomes of aspirin non-adherence in patients with a prior primary CV event. METHODS: We developed a Markov model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of aspirin adherence from a generic US managed care payer perspective over a 5-year time horizon...
April 24, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691579/-angiotensin-ii-promotes-the-expression-of-txnip-through-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-in-islet-%C3%AE-cells
#3
Yan-Jin Feng, Jin Wang, Zhu-Jie Cao, Dan Li, Hai-Yan Huo, Xu-Mei Zhang, Xiang-Ying Jiao
This study investigated the effect of angiotensin II (Ang II) on apoptosis and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) expression in INS-1 islet cells and the underlying mechanism. INS-1 cells cultured in vitro were treated with different concentration of Ang II for different time, and the viability was measured using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). After treatment with 1 × 10-6 mol/L Ang II for 24 h, flow cytometry and Western blot were used to measure the cell apoptosis, and Western blot was used to analyze the protein expression of TXNIP, carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R)...
April 25, 2018: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691216/the-usability-and-effectiveness-of-mobile-health-technology-based-lifestyle-and-medical-intervention-apps-supporting-health-care-during-pregnancy-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Sanne B Overdijkink, Adeline V Velu, Ageeth N Rosman, Monique Dm van Beukering, Marjolein Kok, Regine Pm Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: A growing number of mobile health (mHealth) technology-based apps are being developed for personal lifestyle and medical health care support, of which several apps are related to pregnancy. Evidence on usability and effectiveness is limited but crucial for successful implementation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the usability, that is, feasibility and acceptability, as well as effectiveness of mHealth lifestyle and medical apps to support health care during pregnancy in high-income countries...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691065/clinical-assessment-and-treatment-of-diabetes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
J Carretero Gómez, J C Arévalo Lorido
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is the main cause of chronic kidney disease. Patients with this disease have higher morbidity and mortality and risk of hypoglycaemia than those without this disease. In 2010, type 2 diabetes was the reason for starting renal replacement therapy in 24.7% of patients. The prevalence of microalbuminuria, proteinuria and a reduced glomerular filtration rate is 36%, 8% and 22%, respectively. The presence of albuminuria is a predictor of chronic kidney disease. Diabetic kidney disease, previously known as diabetic nephropathy, refers to kidney disease caused by diabetes...
April 21, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690773/therapeutic-inertia-in-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-with-a-cardiovascular-event-attended-in-an-emergency-department
#6
José Antonio García-Macías, Antonio Palazón-Bru, María Ángeles Carbonell-Torregrosa, Miguel Navarro-Juan, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén
OBJECTIVE: As very few studies have assessed therapeutic inertia (TI) in antiplatelet therapy in patients in secondary cardiovascular prevention, we designed a study in our hospital emergency department to quantify its magnitude and its associated factors. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional observational study involved a sample of 223 patients with a history of cardiovascular disease and recommendation for antiplatelet therapy who attended the emergency department in a Spanish region in 2016...
April 25, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689145/how-technology-can-make-cms-diabetes-prevention-program-viable
#7
Dan Sheeran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689070/fti-277-inhibits-smooth-muscle-cell-calcification-by-up-regulating-pi3k-akt-signaling-and-inhibiting-apoptosis
#8
Arvind Ponnusamy, Smeeta Sinha, Gareth D Hyde, Samantha J Borland, Rebecca F Taylor, Emma Pond, Heather J Eyre, Colette A Inkson, Andrew Gilmore, Nick Ashton, Philip A Kalra, Ann E Canfield
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with atherosclerosis, diabetes and chronic kidney disease. However, no viable treatments for this condition have been identified. This study aimed to determine whether farnesyl transferase inhibitors (FTIs) can reduce vascular calcification and the mechanism by which this reduction occurs. RESULTS: We demonstrate that FTI-277 significantly inhibits phosphate-induced mineral deposition by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in vitro, prevents VSMC osteogenic differentiation, and increases mRNA expression of matrix Gla protein (MGP), an inhibitor of mineralization...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688833/diabetes-after-hormone-therapy-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-case-cohort-study
#9
Rola Hamood, Hatem Hamood, Ilya Merhasin, Lital Keinan-Boker
Purpose Breast cancer treatments have been associated with an increased risk of multiple health-related adverse outcomes, but the relationship with diabetes remains unclear. This study investigated the association between hormone therapy and diabetes risk in breast cancer survivors. Patients and Methods We performed a case-cohort study of 2,246 female survivors recruited from the Leumit health care fund who were diagnosed with primary nonmetastatic invasive breast cancer in 2002 through 2012. A 20% random subcohort was sampled at baseline, and all diabetes cases were identified...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688808/dna-methylation-and-the-potential-role-of-demethylating-agents-in-prevention-of-progressive-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Benjamin P Larkin, Sarah J Glastras, Hui Chen, Carol A Pollock, Sonia Saad
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global epidemic, and its major risk factors include obesity and type 2 diabetes. Obesity not only promotes metabolic dysregulation and the development of diabetic kidney disease but also may independently lead to CKD by a variety of mechanisms, including endocrine and metabolic dysfunction, inflammation, oxidative stress, altered renal hemodynamics, and lipotoxicity. Deleterious renal effects of obesity can also be transmitted from one generation to the next, and it is increasingly recognized that offspring of obese mothers are predisposed to CKD...
April 24, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688733/drug-use-for-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-golestan-iran-results-from-the-golestan-cohort-study
#11
Mahdi Nalini, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Akram Pourshams, Hossein Poustchi, Maryam Sharafkhah, Hossein Bahrami, Farin Kamangar, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, using cardio-protective drugs, in the community-level, especially in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to assess main drug use and its predictors in Northeast of Iran. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis on the Golestan Cohort Study data (2004-2008) with 50 045 participants. We assessed drug use in those with a history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) or stroke, recorded by face-to-face interviews...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688297/ten-year-association-of-coronary-artery-calcium-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-ascvd-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#12
Matthew J Budoff, Rebekah Young, Gregory Burke, J Jeffrey Carr, Robert C Detrano, Aaron R Folsom, Richard Kronmal, Joao A C Lima, Kiang J Liu, Robyn L McClelland, Erin Michos, Wendy S Post, Steven Shea, Karol E Watson, Nathan D Wong
Aims: While coronary artery calcium (CAC) has been extensively validated for predicting clinical events, most outcome studies of CAC have evaluated coronary heart disease (CHD) rather than atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events (including stroke). Also, virtually all CAC studies are of short- or intermediate-term follow-up, so studies across multi-ethnic cohorts with long-term follow-up are warranted prior to widespread clinical use. We sought to evaluate the contribution of CAC using the population-based MESA cohort with over 10 years of follow-up for ASCVD events, and whether the association of CAC with events varied by sex, race/ethnicity, or age category...
April 23, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687877/the-mechanism-of-exogenous-adiponectin-in-the-prevention-of-no-reflow-phenomenon-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-during-pci-treatment
#13
C-J Zhang, Y-Z Deng, Y-H Lei, J-B Zhao, W Wei, Y-H Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of exogenous adiponectin in the prevention of no-reflow phenomenon in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 66 patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 33 cases in each group. According to the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) emergency treatment principle, patients from the control group were treated with an intracoronary injection of adenosine combined with a micro-pump intravenous infusion of tirofiban...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687585/bone-another-potential-target-to-treat-prevent-and-predict-diabetes
#14
REVIEW
Dong-Mei Liu, Ioanna Mosialou, Jian-Min Liu
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is now a worldwide health problem with increasing prevalence. Mounting efforts have been made to treat, prevent and predict this chronic disease. In recent years, increasing evidence from mice and clinical studies suggest that bone-derived molecules modulate glucose metabolism. This review aims to summarize our current understanding of the interplay between bone and glucose metabolism and highlight potential new means for therapeutic intervention. The first molecule recognized as a link between bone and glucose metabolism in mice is osteocalcin, which functions in its active form, i...
April 23, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687501/unique-challenges-of-cystic-fibrosis-related-diabetes
#15
REVIEW
N Bridges, R Rowe, R I G Holt
Individuals with cystic fibrosis and pancreatic insufficiency have a gradual decline in insulin secretion over time, which results in an increase in the prevalence of diabetes with age; up to 50% of adults with cystic fibrosis aged over 35-40 years have diabetes. Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes differs from Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in several ways; there is a pattern of insulin deficiency with reduced and delayed insulin response to carbohydrates but a sparing of basal insulin that results in glucose abnormalities, which are frequently characterized by normal fasting glucose and postprandial hyperglycaemia...
April 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687110/challenges-and-perspectives-in-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#16
Benjamin Jasha van Enter, Elizabeth von Hauff
Diabetes is a global epidemic that threatens the health and well-being of hundreds of millions of people. The first step in patient treatment is to monitor glucose levels. Currently this is most commonly done using enzymatic strips. This approach suffers from several limitations, namely it requires a blood sample and is therefore invasive, the quality and the stability of the enzymatic strips vary widely, and the patient is burdened by performing the measurement themselves. This results in dangerous fluctuations in glucose levels often going undetected...
April 24, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687041/meta-inflammation-and-cardiometabolic-disease-in-obesity-can-heat-therapy-help
#17
REVIEW
Brett R Ely, Zachary S Clayton, Carrie E McCurdy, Joshua Pfeiffer, Christopher T Minson
Obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. The current theory linking metabolic disease and obesity involves ischemic adipose tissue initiating an inflammatory cascade that results in systemic insulin resistance and may eventually lead to type II diabetes mellitus. Diabetes and associated metabolic dysfunction increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and fatal cardiovascular events. By targeting key steps in this process, ischemia and inflammation, this cascade may be prevented or reversed and thus metabolic and cardiovascular health may be preserved in obesity...
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687018/diabetes-and-obesity-are-the-main-metabolic-drivers-of-peripheral-neuropathy
#18
Brian C Callaghan, LeiLi Gao, Yufeng Li, Xianghai Zhou, Evan Reynolds, Mousumi Banerjee, Rodica Pop-Busui, Eva L Feldman, Linong Ji
Objective: To determine the associations between individual metabolic syndrome (MetS) components and peripheral neuropathy in a large population-based cohort from Pinggu, China. Methods: A cross-sectional, randomly selected, population-based survey of participants from Pinggu, China was performed. Metabolic phenotyping and neuropathy outcomes were performed by trained personnel. Glycemic status was defined according to the American Diabetes Association criteria, and the MetS using modified consensus criteria (body mass index instead of waist circumference)...
April 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686513/potential-role-of-cyanidin-3-glucoside-c3g-in-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-in-diabetic-rats-an-in-vivo-approach
#19
Weizhen Li, Songwen Chen, Genqing Zhou, Hongli Li, Lan Zhong, Shaowen Liu
The present study aimed to evaluate the importance of cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G) of diabetic cardiomyopathy in diabetic rats. The rats were induced with diabetic using streptozotocin and total triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) were determined. The range of myocardial enzymes such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LD) were also estimated, further, the Immuno histochemical analysis and western blot investigation were determined for the actual activity of C3G...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686404/systems-biology-in-hepatology-approaches-and-applications
#20
REVIEW
Adil Mardinoglu, Jan Boren, Ulf Smith, Mathias Uhlen, Jens Nielsen
Detailed insights into the biological functions of the liver and an understanding of its crosstalk with other human tissues and the gut microbiota can be used to develop novel strategies for the prevention and treatment of liver-associated diseases, including fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Biological network models, including metabolic, transcriptional regulatory, protein-protein interaction, signalling and co-expression networks, can provide a scaffold for studying the biological pathways operating in the liver in connection with disease development in a systematic manner...
April 23, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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