keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diabetes prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926889/precision-medicine-diabetes-and-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration
#1
Robert J Meyer
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has long sought to achieve the broader use of personalized medicine, which is better targeting of FDA-approved therapies through incorporating precise knowledge of a patient's underlying condition to therapies optimally chosen to match those needs. While some strides have been made in precision medicine-particularly in oncology and rare genetic diseases-most of the standard general medicine indications have yet to realize the benefits of precision-guided therapies...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926887/the-application-of-genomics-in-diabetes-barriers-to-discovery-and-implementation
#2
James S Floyd, Bruce M Psaty
The emerging availability of genomic and electronic health data in large populations is a powerful tool for research that has drawn interest in bringing precision medicine to diabetes. In this article, we discuss the potential application of genomics to the prediction, prevention, and treatment of diabetes, and we use examples from other areas of medicine to illustrate some of the challenges involved in conducting genomics research in human populations and implementing findings in practice. At this time, a major barrier to the application of genomics in diabetes care is the lack of actionable genomic findings...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926465/freestyle-stentless-bioprosthesis-for-aortic-valve-therapy-17-year-clinical-results
#3
Juergen Ennker, Markus Meilwes, Joern Pons-Kuehnemann, Bernd Niemann, Philippe Grieshaber, Ina C Ennker, Andreas Boening
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve replacement with stentless bioprostheses has been shown to produce lower aortic gradients than stented bioprostheses, thus facilitating left ventricular mass regression and preventing heart failure. We sought to determine the long-term results of stentless biological aortic valve replacement over a 17-year follow-up. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2012, 2551 patients underwent isolated aortic valve replacement with a stentless prosthesis (Medtronic Freestyle) at a single center...
November 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925553/enhanced-gp-service-effective-in-preventing-diabetes-admissions
#4
(no author information available yet)
Enhanced services provided by GP surgeries are just as effective as specialist services at keeping people with type 2 diabetes out of hospital, say researchers in Leicester.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924978/astaxanthin-in-cardiovascular-health-and-disease-mechanisms-of-action-therapeutic-merits-and-knowledge-gaps
#5
REVIEW
Francesco Visioli, Christian Artaria
Cardiovascular disease is the main contributor to morbidity and mortality worldwide. Based on its unique chemical features, the xanthophyll carotenoid astaxanthin is being proposed as a suitable preventive and therapeutic agent in cardiovascular disease. This review focuses on recent advances in astaxanthin research relevant to cardiovascular health and disease, i.e. its direct antioxidant, indirect antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive, anti-diabetic, renoprotective, lipid-lowering and anti-atherosclerotic activities in vitro and in vivo...
December 7, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924974/mir-155-regulates-high-glucose-induced-cardiac-fibrosis-via-the-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-pathway
#6
Dong Zhang, Yongchun Cui, Bin Li, Xiaokang Luo, Bo Li, Yue Tang
Cardiac fibrosis, as a pathological process, plays an important role in various cardiac diseases. microRNA-155 (miR-155) is one of the most important miRNAs, and previous studies have shown that it is a regulatory factor in various fibrotic diseases. However, the mechanism by which miR-155 affects myocardial fibrosis remains unclear. In this study, we aim to establish the biological function of miR-155 in myocardial fibrosis induced by diabetes in mice. We used normal C57BL/6 wild type (WT) and miR-155 knockout (KO) mice to establish the diabetic model by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin, and we utilized echocardiography to evaluate the cardiac function at 30 and 60 days post-modeling...
December 7, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924966/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-pakistan-current-prevalence-and-future-forecast
#7
Sultan Ayoub Meo, Inam Zia, Ishfaq A Bukhari, Shoukat Ali Arain
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic health problem of all age groups, both gender, involves rural and urban areas and developing and developed countries globally. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Pakistan. Systematic bibliographic search of scientific databases including PubMed, ISI-web of science and Google Scholar was conducted with key words of "type 2 diabetes mellitus" "prevalence", "incidence", "occurrence". A total of 22 peer reviewed papers published in ISI and PubMed indexed journals were selected and examined...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924759/sudden-cardiac-death-in-south-india-incidence-risk-factors-and-pathology
#8
Uma N Srivatsa, K Swaminathan, K Sithy Athiya Munavarah, Ezra Amsterdam, K Shantaraman
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of mortality secondary to coronary artery disease (CAD) in the industrialized societies. Although South Asians have a high prevalence of CAD, the frequency and underlying pathology of SCD among this population are unknown. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients presenting with unexplained sudden death (USD) in a tertiary care center were reviewed. Patients with trauma, violent deaths, positive toxicology and non-cardiac pathology were excluded to determine sudden cardiac death (SCD)...
July 2016: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924723/clinical-management-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-older-adult-patient
#9
Nana Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
BACKGROUND: In 2009, approximately 40 million people were 65 years or older. Majority of persons over the age of 65 have at least one chronic medical condition. In 2002-2003, the most frequently occurring conditions among older adults were hypertension (51%), arthritis (48%), heart disease (31%), cancer of any type (21%), and diabetes (16%). The cost of diabetes care, both direct and indirect, was $245 billion in 2012. Fifty-nine percent of the direct medical cost was for the population aged 65 and over...
December 6, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924173/predictors-of-recurrent-hospital-admission-for-patients-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar-state
#10
Annabel L Bradford, Courtney Champagne Crider, Xizheng Xu, Syed Hasan Naqvi
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are two serious, preventable complications of diabetes mellitus. Analysis of variables associated with recurrent DKA and HHS admission has the potential to improve patient outcomes by identifying possible areas for intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of recurrent DKA or HHS admission. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of 367 patients presenting during a 5-year period with DKA or HHS at a US tertiary academic medical center...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924082/duodenal-endoluminal-barrier-sleeve-alters-gut-microbiota-of-zdf-rats
#11
T Kim, C L Holleman, T Ptacek, C D Morrow, K M Habegger
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The combination of energy dense diets and reduced energy expenditure in modern society has escalated the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related comorbidities. Among these disease-states, type-2 diabetics (T2D) are disproportionately associated with obesity, suggesting a shared etiology. In conjunction with defects in hormonal and inflammatory states, obesity and T2D are also characterized by dysbiosis. METHODS: We have recently described the beneficial effects of duodenal nutrient exclusion, as induced by the duodenal endoluminal sleeve (DES); including body weight loss, prevented fat mass accumulation, and improved glucose tolerance in the ZDF rat, a rodent model of obesity and type-2 diabetes (T2D)...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923980/humanin-skeletal-muscle-protein-levels-increase-after-resistance-training-in-men-with-impaired-glucose-metabolism
#12
Eva-Karin Gidlund, Ferdinand von Walden, Mika Venojärvi, Ulf Risérus, Olli J Heinonen, Jessica Norrbom, Carl Johan Sundberg
Humanin (HN) is a mitochondrially encoded and secreted peptide linked to glucose metabolism and tissue protecting mechanisms. Whether skeletal muscle HN gene or protein expression is influenced by exercise remains unknown. In this intervention study we show, for the first time, that HN protein levels increase in human skeletal muscle following 12 weeks of resistance training in persons with prediabetes. Male subjects (n = 55) with impaired glucose regulation (IGR) were recruited and randomly assigned to resistance training, Nordic walking or a control group...
December 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923809/role-of-autonomic-nervous-system-in-chronic-cns-mediated-antidiabetic-action-of-leptin
#13
Alexandre A da Silva, John E Hall, Sydney P Moak, Jackson Browning, Haley J Houghton, Giovana C Micheloni, Jussara M do Carmo
This study tested whether chronic ganglionic blockade or hepatic vagotomy attenuates the chronic CNS-mediated antidiabetic and cardiovascular effects of leptin. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were instrumented with telemetry probes and arterial and venous catheters for determination of blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), blood sampling and intravenous (IV) infusions. An intracerebroventricular (ICV) cannula was placed into the brain lateral ventricle for infusion of leptin or vehicle. After control measurements, streptozotocin (STZ) was injected IV (50 mg/kg) to induce diabetes and 5 days later leptin (n=6) or saline vehicle (n=5) was infused ICV for 12 days via osmotic pumps...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923444/effects-of-a-culturally-adapted-lifestyle-intervention-on-cardio-metabolic-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-at-high-risk-for-type-2-diabetes
#14
Faiza Siddiqui, Azra Kurbasic, Ulf Lindblad, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Middle-Eastern immigrants constitute a growing proportion of the Swedish population and are at high risk for Type 2 diabetes. This calls for a more proactive preventive approach for dealing with diabetes risk in this target group. The aim was to test the effect of a culturally adapted lifestyle intervention programme on changes in lifestyle habits and cardio-metabolic outcomes comparing an intervention group with a control group receiving usual care. METHODS: Citizens of Malmö, Sweden born in Iraq and at high risk for Type 2 diabetes (n=636) were invited...
January 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922928/primary-and-secondary-prevention-in-diabetic-patients-are-we-not-aggressive-enough
#15
Adriano Murrone, Andrea Santucci, Claudio Cavallini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922143/attitudes-and-concerns-of-diabetic-patients-towards-bariatric-surgery-as-treatment-of-diabetes
#16
Hui Wen Chua, Hui Jun Zhou, Chin Meng Khoo, Asim Shabbir, Davide Lomanto, Jimmy By So
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is increasingly recognised as an effective treatment for type 2 diabetes that significantly improves glycaemic control, even achieving remission. This study examined perceptions and concerns of diabetic patients towards bariatric surgery as a treatment option for diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 patients were recruited from a specialised diabetic outpatient clinic and completed a questionnaire (items were rated on a Likert scale from slightly important [lowest score of 1] to extremely important [maximum score of 5])...
November 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922115/perilipin-5-fine-tunes-lipid-oxidation-to-metabolic-demand-and-protects-against-lipotoxicity-in-skeletal-muscle
#17
Claire Laurens, Virginie Bourlier, Aline Mairal, Katie Louche, Pierre-Marie Badin, Etienne Mouisel, Alexandra Montagner, André Marette, Angelo Tremblay, John S Weisnagel, Hervé Guillou, Dominique Langin, Denis R Joanisse, Cedric Moro
Lipid droplets (LD) play a central role in lipid homeostasis by controlling transient fatty acid (FA) storage and release from triacylglycerols stores, while preventing high levels of cellular toxic lipids. This crucial function in oxidative tissues is altered in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Perilipin 5 (PLIN5) is a LD protein whose mechanistic and causal link with lipotoxicity and insulin resistance has raised controversies. We investigated here the physiological role of PLIN5 in skeletal muscle upon various metabolic challenges...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921432/-composition-of-macronutrients-in-the-diabetic-diet
#18
Zdeněk Rušavý, Michal Žourek
The diabetic diet is one of the pillars of diabetes treatment. The rapid development of knowledge relating to the treatment of diabetes also includes diet. The paper focuses on the importance of a diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and prevention of atherosclerosis. Its main goal is to assess the impact of a composition of macronutrients on individuals with type 2 diabetes. The paper is divided into several parts, each of which ends with a conclusion. The first part examines weight reduction. The diet aimed at a weight loss is effective, it can effectively prevent diabetes, it leads to improvements in glucose control and reduction of the risk factors for atherosclerosis, however it will not impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality until after more than 20 years...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921418/-diabetic-foot-syndrome-from-the-perspective-of-internist-educated-in-podiatry
#20
Alexandra Jirkovská
Podiatry is the science dealing with the diagnostics and treatment of the foot and ankle and associated tissues and structures by all appropriate methods and also with the local manifestation of the overall processes in this area. Diabetic foot disease is defined as infection, ulceration or destruction of tissues of the foot associated with neuropathy and/or peripheral artery disease in the lower extremity of people with diabetes according to the latest edition of the International Consensus. Successful treatment and prevention of diabetic foot syndrome depends on a holistic approach, in which it is seen as part of the multiple organ involvement...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
keyword
keyword
36353
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"