keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Subdural

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325464/contemporary-management-of-subdural-hematomas
#1
EDITORIAL
E Sander Connolly, Guy M McKhann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325463/perioperative-management-of-anticoagulation
#2
REVIEW
Daipayan Guha, R Loch Macdonald
Antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs (antithrombotics) predispose to acute and chronic subdural hematomas. Patients on these drugs are at higher likelihood of presenting with larger hematomas and more severe neurologic deficits. Standard neurosurgical and neurocritical care of subdural hematomas involves reversal of antithrombosis preoperatively, whereas reversing antiplatelet drugs is less clear. This article highlights the spectrum of antithrombotic agents in common use, their mechanisms of action, and strategies for reversal...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325462/management-of-recurrent-subdural-hematomas
#3
REVIEW
Virendra R Desai, Robert A Scranton, Gavin W Britz
Subdural hematomas commonly recur after surgical evacuation, at a rate of 2% to 37%. Risk factors for recurrence can be patient related, radiologic, or surgical. Patient-related risk factors include alcoholism, seizure disorders, coagulopathy, and history of ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Radiologic factors include poor brain reexpansion postoperatively, significant subdural air, greater midline shift, heterogeneous hematomas (layered or multi-loculated), and higher-density hematomas. Surgical factors include lack of or poor postoperative drainage...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325461/neurocritical-care-of-acute-subdural-hemorrhage
#4
REVIEW
Fawaz Al-Mufti, Stephan A Mayer
Although urgent surgical hematoma evacuation is necessary for most patients with subdural hematoma (SDH), well-orchestrated, evidenced-based, multidisciplinary, postoperative critical care is essential to achieve the best possible outcome. Acute SDH complicates approximately 11% of mild to moderate traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) that require hospitalization, and approximately 20% of severe TBIs. Acute SDH usually is related to a clear traumatic event, but in some cases can occur spontaneously. Management of SDH in the setting of TBI typically conforms to the Advanced Trauma Life Support protocol with airway taking priority, and management breathing and circulation occurring in parallel rather than sequence...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325459/natural-history-of-acute-subdural-hematoma
#5
REVIEW
Rafael A Vega, Alex B Valadka
Because published guidelines for surgical decision-making in patients with acute subdural hematomas (ASDHs) are based largely on case series and other weak evidence, management often must be individualized. Nonoperative management is a viable option in many cases. The literature is divided about the effects of anticoagulant and antiplatelet medications on rapid growth of ASDHs and on their likelihood of progression to large chronic subdural hematomas. Close clinical and radiologic follow-up is needed, both acutely to detect rapid expansion of an ASDH, and subacutely to detect formation of a large subacute or chronic subdural hematoma...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325458/chronic-subdural-hematoma-icu-management
#6
REVIEW
Jeremy T Ragland, Kiwon Lee
Patients with cSDH presenting with new or worsening neurological deficits, especially if they are debilitating and adversely affecting quality of life require urgent medical and surgical attention. Neurological and neurosurgical critical care team need to stabilize the patient by reversing any underlying coagulopathy states in order to prevent further hematoma expansion.In the event of brain herniation and presumed ICP elevation and CPP compromise, step-wise ICP management should be instituted promptly.Seizure prophylaxis treatment is reasonable...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325457/craniotomy-for-treatment-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma
#7
REVIEW
Isaac Josh Abecassis, Louis J Kim
Chronic subdural hematomas are commonly encountered pathologies in neurologic surgery. Primary management for a symptomatic lesion usually entails surgical intervention. There is controversy regarding ideal modality selection among twist drill craniostomy, bur hole craniostomy, and craniotomy. Variations of the craniotomy include a minicraniotomy (usually defined as 30-40 mm diameter), minicraniectomy, and with or without either a partial or full membranectomy. In addition to medical complications, potential surgical complications include recurrence, seizures, intraparenchymal hemorrhage, and infection...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325456/minimally-invasive-surgical-approaches-for-chronic-subdural-hematomas
#8
REVIEW
Ian A Buchanan, William J Mack
Chronic subdural hematomas are one of the most common clinical entities encountered in today's neurosurgical practices owing to an aging population and continued increases in life expectancy. Although there is a role for conservative management, surgical drainage remains the mainstay of current therapy. Regardless of the technique used for hematoma drainage, there is level I evidence to suggest that use of closed-system drainage during the perioperative period significantly decreases the likelihood for hematoma recurrence, length of hospital stay, and mortality...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325455/chronic-subdural-medical-management
#9
REVIEW
David Roh, Michael Reznik, Jan Claassen
Chronic subdural hematomas (cSDHs) that are asymptomatic or have minimal symptoms have become more prevalent, with an increased rate of detection with neuroimaging in the setting of an aging population and increasing use of anticoagulants. These cSDHs have been known to spontaneously resolve, and subsequent efforts have been made to study the role of nonoperative initial medical management strategies in these patients. Current and potential strategies for the medical management of cSDH are discussed.
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325454/chronic-subdural-hematoma-epidemiology-and-natural-history
#10
REVIEW
Wuyang Yang, Judy Huang
This article discusses the epidemiology and natural history of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), a common disease prevalent in the elderly population. The incidence of CSDH ranges from 1.72 to 20.6 per 100,000 persons per year. Risk factors include advancing age, male gender, and antiplatelet or anticoagulant use. Clinical progression is separated into 3 distinct periods, including the initial traumatic event, the latency period, and the clinical presentation period. The recurrence of CSDH and nonsurgical predictive factors are described in detail to provide a comprehensive understanding of the outcome of this disease...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325453/imaging-of-subdural-hematomas
#11
REVIEW
Jason J Carroll, Sean D Lavine, Philip M Meyers
The imaging of subdural hematoma has evolved significantly. Computed tomography and MRI have supplanted other procedures and rendered most obsolete for the evaluation of intracranial pathology because of ease of use, tremendous soft tissue resolution, safety, and availability. Noncontrast computed tomography has become the accepted standard of care for the initial evaluation of patients with suspected subdural hematoma because of widespread availability, rapid acquisition time, and noninvasive nature. MRI offers important features in determining potential secondary causes of subdural hematoma, such as dural-based neoplasms...
April 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324947/a-sparse-laguerre-volterra-autoregressive-model-for-seizure-prediction-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#12
Pen-Ning Yu, Shokofeh A Naiini, Christi N Heck, Charles Y Liu, Dong Song, Theodore W Berger
A sparse Laguerre-Volterra autoregressive model has been developed as feature extraction from subdural human EEG data for seizure prediction in temporal lobe epilepsy. The use of Laguerre-Volterra kernel can compactly yield an autoregressive model of longer system memory without increasing the number of the coefficients. In 6 sets of seizure, we used a sparse Laguerre-Volterra autoregressive model with 6 coefficients and the decay parameter of 0.2 and obtained the 10-fold cross-validation prediction results of high Matthews correlation coefficients (0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324680/somatic-complications-of-epilepsy-surgery-over-25-years-at-a-single-center
#13
Inuka K Gooneratne, Shahidul Mannan, Jane de Tisi, Juan C Gonzalez, Andrew W McEvoy, Anna Miserocchi, Beate Diehl, Tim Wehner, Gail S Bell, Josemir W Sander, John S Duncan
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy surgery is an effective treatment for refractory focal epilepsy. Risks of surgery need to be considered when advising individuals of treatment options. We describe the frequency and nature of physical adverse events associated with epilepsy surgery in a single center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the prospectively maintained records of adults who underwent epilepsy surgery at our center between 1990 and 2014 to identify peri/postsurgical adverse events...
March 1, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320118/prothrombin-complex-concentrate-administration-for-bleeding-associated-with-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-the-samurai-nvaf-study
#14
Sohei Yoshimura, Shoichiro Sato, Kenichi Todo, Yasushi Okada, Eisuke Furui, Takayuki Matsuki, Hiroshi Yamagami, Masatoshi Koga, Jun C Takahashi, Kazuyuki Nagatsuka, Shoji Arihiro, Kazunori Toyoda
BACKGROUND: Antidotes appropriate for non-vitamin K antagonist (VKA) oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are not yet in widespread clinical use. Efficacy of prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) in NOAC-associated bleeding remains unclarified. METHODS: Ten NOAC users (4 women, median 74years old) who developed major bleeding and received PCC were prospectively enrolled. Eight single-center NOAC users (0 women, median 74years old) with intracerebral hemorrhage, who over the same period did not receive PCC, were studied for comparison...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319470/symptomatic-acute-on-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-clinicopathological-study
#15
Rudy J Castellani, Gruschenka Mojica-Sanchez, Gary Schwartzbauer, David S Hersh
The pathophysiology of acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma (ACSDH) is complex and incompletely understood. Evidence to date indicates that the overall process is initiated by rotational force with movement of the brain inside the skull, which exerts tensile strain and rupture of bridging veins, leading in turn to acute hemorrhage in the subdural potential space. This is followed by the proliferation of mesenchymal elements with angiogenesis and inflammation, which in turn becomes a substrate for repeated hemorrhage and expansion of the lesion...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318055/menkes-disease-mimicking-child-abuse
#16
Rebecca J Droms, Jillian F Rork, Riley McLean, Madelena Martin, Leah Belazarian, Karen Wiss
Althouygh Menkes disease has well-recognized neurologic, developmental, and cutaneous features, the initial presentation may resemble child abuse. We describe a 5-month-old boy with multiple fractures indicative of nonaccidental trauma who was ultimately diagnosed with Menkes disease. Copper deficiency leads to connective tissue abnormalities and may result in subdural hematomas, wormian bones, cervical spine defects, rib fractures, and spurring of the long bone metaphyses. Several of these findings, including fractures and subdural hematomas, may be misinterpreted as child abuse...
March 20, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315797/craniotomy-versus-decompressive-craniectomy-for-acute-subdural-hematoma-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Kevin Phan, Justin M Moore, Christoph Griessenauer, Adam A Dmytriw, Daniel B Scherman, Sharaf Sheik-Ali, Nimer Adeeb, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith Thomas, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld
INTRODUCTION: Acute subdural hematoma (SDH) is a major cause of morbidity following severe traumatic brain injury. Surgical evacuation of the hematoma, either via craniotomy or craniectomy, is the mainstay of treatment in patients with progressive neurological deficits or significant mass effect. However, the decision between either procedure remains controversial. METHODS: A literature search using major online databases and a manual search of reference on the topic of craniotomy and craniectomy for evacuation of subdural hematoma until September 2016 was performed...
March 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306417/the-management-and-outcome-for-patients-with-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-prospective-multicenter-observational-cohort-study-in-the-united-kingdom
#18
Paul M Brennan, Angelos G Kolias, Alexis J Joannides, Jonathan Shapey, Hani J Marcus, Barbara A Gregson, Patrick J Grover, Peter J Hutchinson, Ian C Coulter
OBJECTIVE Symptomatic chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) will become an increasingly common presentation in neurosurgical practice as the population ages, but quality evidence is still lacking to guide the optimal management for these patients. The British Neurosurgical Trainee Research Collaborative (BNTRC) was established by neurosurgical trainees in 2012 to improve research by combining the efforts of trainees in each of the United Kingdom (UK) and Ireland's neurosurgical units (NSUs). The authors present the first study by the BNTRC that describes current management and outcomes for patients with CSDH throughout the UK and Ireland...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304222/letter-to-the-editor-subdural-collections-and-abusive-head-trauma
#19
Catherine Adamsbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304105/ultrasound-elastography-of-the-neonatal-brain-preliminary-study
#20
Hyun Gi Kim, Moon Sung Park, Jung-Dong Lee, Seon Young Park
OBJECTIVES: To determine the ultrasound elasticity of the brain in neonates METHODS: Strain elastography was performed in 21 healthy neonates (mean gestational age [GA], 34 weeks; range, 28-40 weeks). Elastographic scores were assigned to the following structures on a 5-point color scale (1-5): ventricle, periventricular white matter, caudate, subcortical, cortical gray matter, and subdural space. Three elastographic images were evaluated in each patient, and median elastographic scores were calculated...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
keyword
keyword
3634
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"