keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Economic Model

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793213/end-stage-renal-disease-models-in-the-americas-optimizing-resources-to-achieve-better-health-outcomes
#1
Ramiro E Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata
End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region's health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational forum debated on value-based decision making in the treatment of end-stage renal disease in Latin America...
May 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793140/effectiveness-of-a-voluntary-family-befriending-service-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-using-the-donabedian-model
#2
S V Gentry, E F J Powers, N Azim, M Maidrag
OBJECTIVES: Voluntary befriending schemes operate in many countries, promoting public health by supporting vulnerable individuals and families. Use of third sector and voluntary services to complement health and social care provision is increasingly important globally in the context of economic and demographic challenges, but the evidence base around such collaborations is limited. This article reports the results of operational evaluation research seeking to use robust routine work to generate transferable findings for use by those commissioning and providing services...
May 21, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791441/the-impact-of-young-maternal-age-at-birth-on-neonatal-mortality-evidence-from-45-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Sarah Neal, Andrew Amos Channon, Jesman Chintsanya
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the impact of early motherhood on neonatal mortality, and how this differs between countries and regions. It assesses whether the risk of neonatal mortality is greater for younger adolescent mothers compared with mothers in later adolescence, and explores if differences reflect confounding socio-economic and health care utilisation factors. It also examines how the risks differ for first or subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: The analysis uses 64 Demographic and Health Surveys collected between 2005 and 2015 from 45 countries to explore the relationship between adolescent motherhood (disaggregated as <16 years, 16/17 years and 18/19 years) and neonatal mortality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791002/optimizing-stadium-evacuation-by-integrating-geocomputation-and-affordance-theory
#4
Joslyn Zale, Bandana Kar, David Cochran
Football is culturally and economically important in the United States, and football stadiums are part of the country's critical infrastructure, thus receiving government protection against hazard events. In this project, an agent-based evacuation model was implemented to optimize evacuation time from The University of Southern Mississippi's M.M. Roberts Stadium (football) by accounting for evacuees' age, gender, physical fitness, alcohol consumption, and prior experience with hazard events. The findings revealed that (i) the age and gender of an individual impact his/her locomotion speed and (ii) evacuation route choice is influenced by evacuees' perception of its safety and effectiveness...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790448/enhancing-outpatient-appointment-scheduling-system-performance-when-patient-no-show-percent-and-lateness-rates-are-high
#5
Mahmoud Barghash, Hanan Saleet
Purpose High lateness and no-show percentages pose great challenges on the patient scheduling process. Usually this is addressed by optimizing the time between patients in the scheduling process and the percent of extra patients scheduled to account for absent patients. However, since the patient no-show and lateness is highly stochastic we might end up with many patients showing up on time which leads to crowded clinics and high waiting times. The clinic might end up as well with low utilization of the doctor time...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790175/mechanisms-of-cell-regulation-proteolysis-the-big-surprise
#6
Dieter H Wolf, Ruth Menssen
Precise regulation of cellular processes is essential for life. Concerning proteins, many regulatory mechanisms were explored over the years, such as posttranslational modifications (e.g. phosphorylation), enzyme activation or inhibition by small molecules, and modulation of protein-protein interactions. Complete removal of a protein via proteolysis as a regulatory mechanism, however, was denied for a long time, mainly due to economical considerations. Scientists could not believe that a protein which is synthesized at the expense of a lot of energy could be destroyed again...
May 22, 2018: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789263/gross-motor-skills-in-toddlers-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-differences
#7
Sanne L C Veldman, Rachel A Jones, Rute Santos, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVES: Gross motor skills (GMS) are a vital component of a child's development. Monitoring levels and correlates of GMS is important to ensure appropriate strategies are put in place to promote these skills in young children. The aim of this study was to describe the current level of GMS development of children aged 11-29months and how these levels differ by age, sex, BMI and socio-economic status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study involved children from 30 childcare services in NSW, Australia...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789185/variation-in-post-thaw-sperm-quality-of-white-tailed-deer-bucks-odocoileus-virginianus-during-rut
#8
Jamie L Stewart, Clifford F Shipley, Robyn E Ellerbrock, Fabio S Lima, Igor F Canisso
White-tailed deer farming is a growing industry in the United States, with breeding operations contributing significantly to the industry's economic impact. Artificial insemination with frozen semen allows for selection and dissemination of valuable genetics, yet surprisingly little is known regarding the best time throughout rut to perform semen cryopreservation. The objective of this study was to compare semen quality following cryopreservation of white-tailed deer bucks collected early in the breeding season (September, n = 6), at peak rut (December, n = 8), and late season (March, n = 7)...
May 19, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789002/the-impact-of-economic-and-social-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-in-turkey
#9
Selma Tosun, Olgu Aygün, Hülya Özkan Özdemir, Elif Korkmaz, Durmuş Özdemir
BACKGROUND: Viral Hepatitis is one of the major global health problems, affecting millions of people every year. Limited information is available on the impact of social and economic factors on the prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Turkey. This study, contrary to other studies in the literature, was undertaken with the aim of examining the Majority of the excluded data come from the volunteers. METHODS: There are medical and the social-economic factors affecting the prevalence of HBV...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788921/signatures-of-host-specialization-and-a-recent-transposable-element-burst-in-the-dynamic-one-speed-genome-of-the-fungal-barley-powdery-mildew-pathogen
#10
Lamprinos Frantzeskakis, Barbara Kracher, Stefan Kusch, Makoto Yoshikawa-Maekawa, Saskia Bauer, Carsten Pedersen, Pietro D Spanu, Takaki Maekawa, Paul Schulze-Lefert, Ralph Panstruga
BACKGROUND: Powdery mildews are biotrophic pathogenic fungi infecting a number of economically important plants. The grass powdery mildew, Blumeria graminis, has become a model organism to study host specialization of obligate biotrophic fungal pathogens. We resolved the large-scale genomic architecture of B. graminis forma specialis hordei (Bgh) to explore the potential influence of its genome organization on the co-evolutionary process with its host plant, barley (Hordeum vulgare). RESULTS: The near-chromosome level assemblies of the Bgh reference isolate DH14 and one of the most diversified isolates, RACE1, enabled a comparative analysis of these haploid genomes, which are highly enriched with transposable elements (TEs)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788494/military-factors-associated-with-smoking-in-veterans
#11
Sara E Golden, Sujata Thakurta, Christopher G Slatore, Hyeyoung Woo, Donald R Sullivan
Introduction: Given the high prevalence of smoking among Veterans and the economic, social, and clinical implications, it is important to understand the factors that contribute to smoking in order to focus efforts to mitigate these factors and improve smoking cessation efforts among Veterans. The availability of research on smoking in Veterans compared with civilians is limited given the military-specific differences in their life course. We aimed to identify military-specific factors combined with sociodemographic factors for ever smoking and current smoking among Veterans to inform future interventions...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788493/how-the-central-american-seaway-and-an-ancient-northern-passage-affected-flatfish-diversification
#12
Lisa Byrne, François Chapleau, Stéphane Aris-Brosou
While the natural history of flatfish has been debated for decades, the mode of diversification of this biologically and economically important group has never been elucidated. To address this question, we assembled the largest molecular data set to date, covering > 300 species (out of ca. 800 extant), from 13 of the 14 known families over nine genes, and employed relaxed molecular clocks to uncover their patterns of diversification. As the fossil record of flatfish is contentious, we used sister species distributed on both sides of the American continent to calibrate clock models based on the closure of the Central American Seaway (CAS), and on their current species range...
May 21, 2018: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788477/the-relationship-between-sociodemographic-factors-and-reporting-having-terminated-a-pregnancy-among-ghanaian-women-a-population-based-study
#13
Emmanuel Dankwah, Megan Steeves, Dana Ramsay, Cindy Feng, Marwa Farag
Background: Pregnancy termination is an illegal medical procedure in Ghana and 88% of induced abortions are performed in unsafe conditions, thus recipients face an elevated risk of abortion-related complications. This study aims to explore the associations between sociodemographic factors and reporting having terminated a pregnancy among Ghanaian women. Methods: Logistic regression models were estimated using data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (n=9396)...
May 19, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788366/relative-household-wealth-and-non-fatal-road-crashes-analysis-of-population-representative-data-of-kenyan-adults
#14
John D Kraemer
Background: This study aims to examine potential road crash disparities across relative wealth and location of residence in Kenya by analyzing population-representative Demographic and Health Survey data. Methods: Relative wealth was measured by household assets, converted into an index by polychoric principal components analysis. Location and sex-stratified associations between wealth quantiles and crashes were flexibly estimated using fractional polynomial models...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787907/response-of-net-primary-production-to-land-use-and-land-cover-change-in-mainland-china-since-the-late-1980s
#15
Jun Li, Zhaoli Wang, Chengguang Lai, Xiaoqing Wu, Zhaoyang Zeng, Xiaohong Chen, Yanqing Lian
Land use and land cover patterns in mainland China have substantially changed in the recent decades under the economic reform policies of the government. The terrestrial carbon cycle, particularly the net primary productivity (NPP), has been substantially changed on both local and national scales. With the growing concern over the effects of the terrestrial carbon cycle on global climate changes, the impacts of land use and cover change (LUCC) on NPP need to be understood. In this study, variations in NPP caused by LUCC (e...
May 19, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787903/flood-risk-d-evolution-disentangling-key-drivers-of-flood-risk-change-with-a-retro-model-experiment
#16
Andreas Paul Zischg, Patrick Hofer, Markus Mosimann, Veronika Röthlisberger, Jorge A Ramirez, Margreth Keiler, Rolf Weingartner
Flood risks are dynamically changing over time. Over decades and centuries, the main drivers for flood risk change are influenced either by perturbations or slow alterations in the natural environment or, more importantly, by socio-economic development and human interventions. However, changes in the natural and human environment are intertwined. Thus, the analysis of the main drivers for flood risk changes requires a disentangling of the individual risk components. Here, we present a method for isolating the individual effects of selected drivers of change and selected flood risk management options based on a model experiment...
May 19, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787574/child-morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-alternative-policy-responses-to-the-economic-crisis-in-brazil-a-nationwide-microsimulation-study
#17
Davide Rasella, Sanjay Basu, Thomas Hone, Romulo Paes-Sousa, Carlos Octávio Ocké-Reis, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, a major economic crisis in Brazil has led to increasing poverty and the implementation of long-term fiscal austerity measures that will substantially reduce expenditure on social welfare programmes as a percentage of the country's GDP over the next 20 years. The Bolsa Família Programme (BFP)-one of the largest conditional cash transfer programmes in the world-and the nationwide primary healthcare strategy (Estratégia Saúde da Família [ESF]) are affected by fiscal austerity, despite being among the policy interventions with the strongest estimated impact on child mortality in the country...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786845/a-simple-and-portable-screening-method-for-adulterated-olive-oils-using-the-hand-held-ftir-spectrometer-and-chemometrics-tools
#18
Meng Pan, Suqin Sun, Qun Zhou, Jianbo Chen
Extra virgin olive oil has been one of the most common targets for economically motivated food adulteration. This research employed the hand-held FTIR spectrometer to develop the simple and portable screening methods for extra virgin olive oils adulterated with other cheaper vegetable oils. With the help of the ATR probe and chemometrics tools, oil samples can be measured directly without any pretreatment, then the spectra can be interpreted automatically to determine the possibility of adulteration and estimate the content of adulterant oil...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786651/clinical-efficacy-associated-with-enhanced-antioxidant-enzyme-activities-of-silver-nanoparticles-biosynthesized-using-moringa-oleifera-leaf-extract-against-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-murine-model-of-leishmania-major
#19
Manal El-Khadragy, Ebtesam M Alolayan, Dina M Metwally, Mohamed F Serag El-Din, Sara S Alobud, Nour I Alsultan, Sarah S Alsaif, Manal A Awad, Ahmed E Abdel Moneim
Leishmaniasis is one of the most significant vector-borne syndromes of individuals. This parasitic infection can be affected by many species of Leishmania, most of which are zoonotic. Natural products have made and are continuing to make important contributions to the search for new antileishmanial agents. The use of plants in the production assembly of silver nanoparticles has drawn attention because of its rapid, eco-friendly, non-pathogenic, economical protocol and provides a single step technique for the biosynthetic process...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786527/retrospective-analysis-of-bluetongue-farm-risk-profile-definition-based-on-biology-farm-management-practices-and-climatic-data
#20
Stefano Cappai, Federica Loi, Annamaria Coccollone, Marino Contu, Paolo Capece, Michele Fiori, Simona Canu, Cipriano Foxi, Sandro Rolesu
Bluetongue (BT) is a vector-borne disease transmitted by species of Culicoides midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Many studies have contributed to clarifying various aspects of its aetiology, epidemiology and vector dynamic; however, BT remains a disease of epidemiological and economic importance that affects ruminants worldwide. Since 2000, the Sardinia region has been the most affected area of the Mediterranean basin. The region is characterised by wide pastoral areas for sheep and represents the most likely candidate region for the study of Bluetongue virus (BTV) distribution and prevalence in Italy...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
keyword
keyword
36339
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"