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Hydrosalpinx

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662968/adnexal-masses-or-perineural-tarlov-cysts-differentiation-by-imaging-techniques-a-case-report
#1
Firoozeh Ahmadi, Farnaz Akhbari
Background: Perineural cysts formed within the nerve-root sheath at the dorsal root ganglion. They are most commonly located in the arachnoid covering the junction of the dorsal ganglion and nerve root. They are usually asymptomatic, incidental findings, usually located in the lumbar and sacral region of the spinal canal. It is important to consolidate the imaging findings of this rare disease so clinicians can become more clinically relevant in the evaluation of these cysts. Case: Herein we report a case of perineural cyst misdiagnosed with hydrosalpinx by pelvic ultrasonography and finally diagnosed with magnetic resonance image...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624589/toll-like-receptor-3-tlr3-promotes-the-resolution-of-chlamydia-muridarum-genital-tract-infection-in-congenic-c57bl-6n-mice
#2
Sebastian E Carrasco, Sishun Hu, Denise M Imai, Ramesh Kumar, George E Sandusky, X Frank Yang, Wilbert A Derbigny
Chlamydia trachomatis urogenital serovars primarily replicate in epithelial cells lining the reproductive tract. Epithelial cells recognize Chlamydia through cell surface and cytosolic receptors, and/or endosomal innate receptors such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Activation of these receptors triggers both innate and adaptive immune mechanisms that are required for chlamydial clearance, but are also responsible for the immunopathology in the reproductive tract. We previously demonstrated that Chlamydia muridarum (Cm) induces IFN-β in oviduct epithelial cells (OE) in a TLR3-dependent manner, and that the synthesis of several cytokines and chemokines are diminished in Cm-challenged OE derived from TLR3-/- 129S1 mice...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522221/apoptosis-modulation-in-the-immune-system-reveals-a-role-of-neutrophils-in-tissue-damage-in-a-murine-model-of-chlamydial-genital-infection
#3
Tom Zortel, Annette Schmitt-Graeff, Susanne Kirschnek, Georg Häcker
Background: Chlamydial infection frequently causes damage to the female genital tract. The precise mechanisms of chlamydial clearance and tissue damage are unknown, but studies suggest immunopathology with a particular role of neutrophils. The goal of this study was to understand the contribution of the immune system, in particular neutrophils. Methods: Using Chlamydia muridarum, we infected mice with a prolonged immune response due to expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) in hematopoietic cells (Bcl-2 mice), and mice where mature neutrophils are lacking due to the deletion of Myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1) in myeloid cells (LysM-cre-mcl-1-flox mice; Mcl-1 mice)...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489973/the-impact-of-hsf-on-endometrium
#4
Hongchu Bao, Guichan Wang, Xin Huang, Meimei Wang, Xinrong Wang, Cuifang Hao
OBJECTIVE: We conducted the research in order to explore the impact of hydrosalpinx fluid (HSF) on endometrium. METHOD: HSF group: 261 patients with HSF scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery 3 to 7 days after menstruation in our center. Hysteroscopy would also be performed in order to observe the endometrial morphology during the surgery. Sixty (60) patients would be randomly selected for endometrial biopsy in order to detect the inflammatory cytokines TNF-a and IL-2 mRNA...
December 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481875/cornual-suture-at-the-time-of-laparoscopic-salpingectomy-reduces-the-incidence-of-interstitial-pregnancy-after-in-vitro-fertilization
#5
Jianmin Chen, Dong Huang, Libing Shi, Liuhang Zhang, Dongjing Sun, Xiaona Lin, Songying Zhang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cornual suture at the time of laparoscopic salpingectomy on the incidence of interstitial pregnancy (IP) after in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective review (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Patients with hydrosalpinx who were treated with salpingectomy before IVF-embryo transfer and managed in our center were included in this study...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467083/bilateral-hydrosalpinx-in-patients-with-hirschsprung-s-disease
#6
Pedro Palazón, Laura Saura, Irene de Haro, Oriol Martín-Solé, Asteria Albert, Xavier Tarrado, Victoria Julià
PURPOSE: Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is uncommon in females. There are very few reports on the patients' obstetric and gynecological outcome. Hydrosalpinx causes pain and infertility. It is rare in nonsexually active teenagers. It may be because of an intrinsic disease of the fallopian tubes or secondary to surgery. AIM: to describe the relationship between hydrosalpinx and HD or its surgical approach; to report the impact of bilateral hydrosalpinx on fertility in HD...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445925/tubal-restorative-surgery-for-hydrosalpinges-in-women-due-to-in-vitro-fertilization
#7
Xiaoming Yu, He Cai, Xingbang Zheng, Junyan Feng, Jing Guan
OBJECTIVE: The study was carried out to clarify the IVF outcome after laparoscopic neosalpingostomy for infertile patients affected by hydrosalpinx stage III. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to June 2015, 91 subjects of hydrosalpinx stage III were treated in out center by laparoscopic surgery before IVF cycle. 43 underwent neosalpingostomy (group 1) and the remaining 48 underwent salpingestomy (group 2). We compared these patients and their IVF outcomes after two different surgical techniques...
May 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422033/a-case-report-of-tubo-ovarian-abscess-caused-by-burkholderia-pseudomallei
#8
Pattaranit Nernsai, Areepan Sophonsritsuk, Srithean Lertvikool, Artit Jinawath, Maria Nina Chitasombat
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis, the disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei is endemic in the Northeastern part of Thailand, South-East Asia, and Northern Australia. The pelvic involvement of disease is rare even in an endemic area. Therefore, we describe in this report the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of the patient with primary tubo-ovarian abscess due to melioidosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old Thai cassava farmer woman presented with fever and abdominal pain at left lower quadrant for one month...
February 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248666/hydrosalpinx-sclerotherapy-before-in-vitro-fertilization-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Aviad Cohen, Benny Almog, Togas Tulandi
The presence of a hydrosalpinx has been shown to impair the outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. This outcome can be improved by removing the hydrosalpinx; however, there are some concerns regarding its feasibility and safety, especially in women with previous surgeries and dense adhesions. The purpose of our meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of hydrosalpinx aspiration with or without sclerotherapy on the risk of recurrence and the IVF outcome compared with salpingectomy or no intervention...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230555/non-visualization-of-the-ovary-on-ct-or-ultrasound-in-the-ed-setting-utility-of-immediate-follow-up-imaging
#10
Elena Motuzko, Maria Solis, Moazzem Kazi, Ron Gefen
PURPOSE: In the setting of female patients in the ED receiving both a CT scan and ultrasound of the pelvis, we compared the studies to assess the diagnostic value of non-visualization of the ovary in predicting the absence of ovarian disease. METHODS: A retrospective review of the electronic medical record identified adult female non-pregnant patients who received both a CT abdomen and pelvis and a transabdominal and transvaginal pelvic ultrasound within a 48-h period through the emergency department...
December 11, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221993/accuracy-of-tubal-patency-assessment-in-diagnostic-hysteroscopy-compared-with-laparoscopy-in-infertile-women-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Regina Promberger, Inga-Malin Simek, Kazem Nouri, Karin Obermaier, Christine Kurz, Johannes Ott
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the presence of a visualizable "flow" effect in the fallopian tube ostia in hysteroscopic routine evaluation is predictive of tube patency. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2). SETTING: Data from all patients who underwent surgery because of infertility at the study center between 2008 and 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The main outcome parameter was fallopian tube patency as assessed by laparoscopic chromopertubation...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208873/correlation-between-seropositivity-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-tubal-and-or-pelvic-pathology-detected-by-diagnostic-laparoscopy-in-subfertile-women
#12
N Begum, S A Anwary, M Alfazzaman, Z Mahzabin, F Deeba, M A Mostafa, M Akhter, M M Rahman
This prospective observational study was carried out in the Infertility Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, from February 2011 to December 2013. Sixty-nine (69) subfertile women who were seropositive for Chlamydia Trachomatis were included in this study. Inclusion criteria was patients with sub-fertility having age between 22 and 40 years, seeking infertility treatment, normal ovarian function, all normozoospermic male partner, duration of infertility ranged from 1...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178256/tuboperitoneal-anomalies-among-infertile-women-in-nigeria-as-seen-on-laparoscopy
#13
Joseph O Ugboaja, Charlotte B Oguejiofor, Onyecherelam M Ogelle
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and pattern of tuboperitoneal pathologies among infertile women in Nigeria, using laparoscopy. METHODS: A prospective study was undertaken of infertile women who underwent diagnostic laparoscopy in two fertility clinics in Nigeria between November 2015 and April 2017. The rates of identified tuboperitoneal diseases were examined. RESULTS: The age of the 230 women ranged from 21 to 46 years, and most women had a parity group of 0-1 (87...
April 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142446/hysterosalpingographic-hsg-pattern-of-infertility-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#14
Chinwe R Onwuchekwa, Vaduneme K Oriji
Background: Infertility is a complex disorder with significant medical, psychological and economic problems. Aims: The aim of the study is to evaluate the structural abnormalities of the uterus and fallopian tubes in infertile women as elucidated by hysterosalpingography. Setting and Design: A retrospective study, conducted at the Radiology and Obstetric and Gynaecologic Departments of a tertiary health care institution. Materials and Methods: Evaluation of all consecutive patients in whom hysterosalpingographic (HSG) was performed for infertility between July 2013 and June 2015 in the Department of Radiology...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038127/the-genital-tract-virulence-factor-pgp3-is-essential-for-chlamydia-muridarum-colonization-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#15
Lili Shao, Tianyuan Zhang, Jose Melero, Yumeng Huang, Yuanjun Liu, Quanzhong Liu, Cheng He, David E Nelson, Guangming Zhong
The cryptic plasmid is essential for Chlamydia muridarum dissemination from the genital tract to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Following intravaginal inoculation, a C. muridarum strain deficient in plasmid-encoded pGP3 or pGP4 but not pGP5, pGP7, or pGP8 failed to spread to the mouse gastrointestinal tract, although mice infected with these strains developed productive genital tract infections. pGP3- or pGP4-deficient strains also failed to colonize the gastrointestinal tract when delivered intragastrically...
January 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919691/molecular-etiopathology-of-naturally-occurring-reproductive-diseases-in-female-goats
#16
V Beena, R V S Pawaiya, K Gururaj, D D Singh, A K Mishra, N K Gangwar, V K Gupta, R Singh, A K Sharma, M Karikalan, Ashok Kumar
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the molecular etiopathology of occurrence of reproductive diseases in female goats. Reproductive diseases in goats account for major economic losses to goat farmers in terms of valuable loss of offspring and animal productivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 660 female genitalia were examined for pathological conditions (macroscopic and microscopic lesions). The etiopathological study was carried out for the presence of pathogenic organisms such as Brucella, Chlamydia, and Campylobacter in the uterus and ovary...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864426/il-6-mediated-signaling-pathways-limit-chlamydia-muridarum-infection-and-exacerbate-its-pathogenicity-in-the-mouse-genital-tract
#17
Xin Sun, Qi Tian, Luying Wang, Min Xue, Guangming Zhong
Chlamydia muridarum induction of mouse hydrosalpinx, depending on both tubal infection and inflammation, has been used for investigating Chlamydia trachomatis pathogenesis. We now report that IL-6 both inhibits C. muridarum infection and exacerbates pathogenicity in the mouse genital tract. When intravaginally inoculated with a high dose of C. muridarum, IL-6-deficient mice developed more extensive genital tract infection with severe hydrosalpinx, suggesting that IL-6 is required for controlling the high dose infection but not essential for C...
August 31, 2017: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845842/an-adolescent-with-an-asymptomatic-adnexal-cyst-to-worry-or-not-to-worry-medical-versus-surgical-management-options
#18
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Nada A Soliman, Rania Elalaily, Salvatore Di Maio, Alaa Y Ahmed, Giuseppe Millimaggi
Paraovarian cysts or paratubal cysts (PTCs) arise from either the mesothelium or from paramesonephric remnants. These present as either adnexal mass or as an incidental finding. Diagnosis is usually established on ultrasound and it is important to differentiate these from ovarian cysts. Typically PCTs appear as simple cysts by ultrasound and are indistinguishable from ovarian cysts if one does not recognize the extraovarian location. Occasionally, PTCs have internal echoes due to hemorrhage. PTCs are usually asymptomatic and benign...
August 23, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820423/-risk-factors-and-special-aspects-forgenital-tuberculosis-diagnostics
#19
G Lortkipanidze, N Kintraia, K Vacharadze, F Tsaava
Was examined 453 women, who applied to National Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases for genital tuberculosis diagnostics. GTB was detected in 289 cases, in 164 cases GTB results was negative (control group). In 10 cases GTB was combined with pulmonary tuberculosis (OR-1,13). Risk factors are previous diseases of female reproductive organs- intracellular infection (OR-1,08), sexually transmitted diseases (OR-1,25), nonspecific inflammatory diseases (OR-1,009), interruption of pregnancy (OR-1,26), artificial abortions (OR-1,11), the most specific signs of Genital Tuberculosis is a pain in the stomach area (P-0,023), dysmenorrhoea (P-0,00001), intestinal obstruction (P-0,0006), heat (P-0,00001), liquid presence in posterior vault (P-0,007), hydrosalpinx (P-0,00001), Fallopian tubes deformation (P-0,000003), oophoritic cyst (P-0,067), adhesive process in small pelvis (P-0,0006)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797102/uterotubal-junction-prevents-chlamydial-ascension-via-innate-immunity
#20
Yuyang Zhang, Lili Shao, Xiaodong Li, Guangming Zhong
Ascension to the oviduct is necessary for Chlamydia to induce tubal infertility. Using the Chlamydia muridarum induction of hydrosalpinx mouse model, we have demonstrated a significant role of the uterotubal junction in preventing chlamydial ascending infection. First, delivery of C. muridarum to either side of the uterotubal junction resulted in significant reduction in live organisms from the tissues on the opposite sides. However, the recovery yields remained similar among different sections of the uterine horn...
2017: PloS One
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