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tricuspid annulus

Patrick M McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Jamie S Penk, S Javed H Zaidi, Cheryl A Lefaiver, Supitcha Muangmingsuk, Vivian W Cui, David A Roberson
BACKGROUND: Quantifying right ventricular function in patients with a systemic right ventricle (RV) is difficult but important for prognosis. Tissue motion annular displacement tracks displacement of the tricuspid annulus toward the apex. We evaluated this measure alongside fractional area change (FAC) on patients with single, RV prior to the bidirectional Glenn procedure. We tested both measures for correlation with outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective measurement of tissue motion annular displacement and FAC was performed on echocardiographic clips obtained prior to the bidirectional Glenn...
March 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Johannes Petersen, Lisa Voigtländer, Niklas Schofer, Niklas Neumann, Yskert von Kodolitsch, Hermann Reichenspurner, Evaldas Girdauskas
OBJECTIVES: The growing experience in aortic valve (AV) repair showed that annular stabilization is a crucial component to achieve stable long-term results after AV repair. Dynamic changes in the AV annulus during the cardiac cycle may have an impact on annuloplasty design. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed full cardiac cycle multislice computed tomography data from 58 consecutive patients (mean age 75.9 ± 6.5 years, 36% men) with normally functioning tricuspid AVs (normal AV subgroup)...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Antonio Maria Calafiore, Carlo Maria De Filippo, Antonio Totaro, Piero Pelini, Michele Di Mauro
Surgical treatment of severe functional tricuspid regurgitation associated with dilated right ventricle and increased chordal tethering (>8 mm) is challenging. We designed a technique where the anterior and posterior leaflets are detached from 50% of the annulus and a patch as large as the tricuspid orifice is sewn to augment the leaflets' tissue to force the coaptation with the septal leaflet. Annuloplasty is not performed, as it can only increase the chordal tethering, reducing the benefit of tissue augmentation...
March 6, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Avik Basu, Carla Lacerda, Zhaoming He
The Tricuspid valve (TV) annulus is a transition structure from the leaflets to the myocardium, with 3 different annulus segments corresponding to the TV leaflets, which includes both basal leaflets and bordering myocardium. The objective of this study was to understand TV annulus mechanical properties and correlate it to the biological composition. The uniaxial testing of the annulus segments from ten porcine TVs was performed to measure Young's modulus (E) and extensibility (εT ). Western blotting and histology were executed...
February 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Tirone E David, Carolyn M David, Cedric Manlhiot
BACKGROUND: Heart valve surgery guidelines suggest that tricuspid valve annuloplasty may be beneficial in patients with a tricuspid annulus (TA) ≥40 mm even in the absence of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) at the time of surgery for left-sided valve lesions (class 2a). Given the broad spectrum of degenerative diseases that affect the atrioventricular valves, we hypothesize that this measurement might not be predictive of TR after mitral valve (MV) repair. METHODS: The diameter of the TA was measured preoperatively in a cohort of 312 consecutive patients who had isolated MV repair for degenerative diseases...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yuka Miyata, Tsutomu Wada, Tomohiko Hayasaka, Yukio Hayashi
Purpose: The placement of a pulmonary artery catheter sometimes needs long time by observing the pressure wave, and several factors have been reported to hinder the placement. In the present study, we examined whether enlargement of the aortic root is associated with longer time for the placement. Method: We examined the time required for the catheter placement. The catheter placement time was defined as the duration of time required for the catheter to float from the CVP position to the pulmonary artery...
2018: JA Clin Rep
O Hamzaoui, M Jozwiak, T Geffriaud, B Sztrymf, D Prat, F Jacobs, X Monnet, P Trouiller, C Richard, J L Teboul
BACKGROUND: We conducted this study to investigate whether norepinephrine increases cardiac contractility when administered during the early phase of septic shock. METHODS: We studied 38 patients with septic shock who had been resuscitated for <3 h and whose mean arterial pressure (MAP) remained <65 mm Hg. Echocardiographic variables were obtained before (T0 ) and after either initiation or an increase in the dose of a norepinephrine infusion to increase MAP to ≥ 65 mm Hg (T1 )...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Krishna Kumar Mohanan Nair, Narayanan Namboodiri, Arun Gopalakrishnan, Ajitkumar Valaparambil
Premature Ventricular Contraction (PVC)/ventricular tachycardia (VT) with left bundle branch block (LBBB) morphology and inferior axis has been described classically to originate from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). Some uncommon sites of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia (VA) origins have been revealed including tricuspid annulus (TA) and right ventricular (RV) inflow free wall region. We present a series of two cases who have undergone electrophysiological study and successful radiofrequency ablation of frequent monomorphic PVCs with LBBB pattern originating from relatively uncommon sites of RV - TA and RV inflow free wall region...
February 13, 2018: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Ippei Takazawa, Shin-Ichi Ohki, Yoshio Misawa
Dilatation of aortic root may distort the tricuspid annulus. We experienced a case of chronic aortic dissection presented with tricuspid regurgitation. Chest computed tomography revealed an enlarged ascending aorta displacing the right heart. The patient successfully underwent replacement of the aorta and tricuspid annuloplasty with a prosthetic annulus.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Toshihiko Shibata, Yosuke Takahashi, Yoshito Sakon, Akimasa Morisaki, Takashi Murakami
Approximately half of all tricuspid valves consist of four or more leaflets; however, no previous reports have discussed how to implant an annuloplasty ring in these multi-leaflet valves. We herein define the shoulder point of the tricuspid annulus and the annuloplasty ring and advocate a simple and universal fitting method to avoid deforming the tricuspid valve after ring implantation.
February 9, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Tarik Yildirim, Seda Elcim Yildirim, Meryem Aktoz, Armagan Altun
Background: Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between initial serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and right ventricular functions in inferior myocardial infarction (MI) with and without right ventricular involvement. Methods: The study included 61 patients, who presented with acute inferior MI. Twenty-seven patients had right ventricular involvement. Blood samples for BNP were obtained from each patient on admission. Echocardiographic assessments were performed and recorded during the first 12 h...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Mojdeh Dabirian, Mohsen Aarabi, Maryam Nabati, Babak Bagheri, Shideh Nikoohemat, Vahid Mokhberi, Aliasghar Farsavian, Hadi Darvishi-Khezri
Background: Right ventricular infarction (RVI) develops in 30-50% of patients with inferior wall infarction (IWI). The rates of mortality, morbidity, and complications in these patients are greater than in the patients without RVI. We compared the tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) indices between a group of patients with IWI and RVI, with a similar group of patients who had IWI alone to investigate the application of TDI indices in the evaluation and detection of right ventricular function...
February 2018: Medical Archives
Koki Eto, Yasuhiro Kotani, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Daichi Edaki, Shingo Kasahara, Zenichi Masuda
A 75-year-old woman presented with severe tricuspid regurgitation requiring surgical repair. She had extremely rare anomalies in systemic venous return in spite of situs solitus: persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava, infrahepatic inferior vena cava interruption, and hemiazygos continuation to a persistent left superior vena cava. These unusual systemic venous anomalies had significantly enlarged the coronary sinus, and the stretched coronary sinus orifice changed the geometry of the tricuspid annulus and triggered tricuspid regurgitation...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Jaffar M Khan, Toby Rogers, William H Schenke, Adam B Greenbaum, Vasilis C Babaliaros, Gaetano Paone, Rajiv Ramasawmy, Marcus Y Chen, Daniel A Herzka, Robert J Lederman
OBJECTIVES: Pledget-assisted suture tricuspid valve annuloplasty (PASTA) is a novel technique using marketed equipment to deliver percutaneous trans-annular sutures to create a double-orifice tricuspid valve. BACKGROUND: Tricuspid regurgitation is a malignant disease with high surgical mortality and no commercially available transcatheter solution in the US. METHODS: Two iterations of PASTA were tested using trans-apical or trans-jugular access in swine...
February 6, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Xianbao Liu, Yuxin He, Qifeng Zhu, Feng Gao, Wei He, Lei Yu, Qijing Zhou, Minjian Kong, Jian'an Wang
OBJECTIVES: To explore assessment of supra-annular structure for self-expanding transcatheter heart valve (THV) size selection in patients with bicuspid aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Annulus-based device selection from CT measurement is the standard sizing strategy for tricuspid aortic valve before transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Because of supra-annular deformity, device selection for bicuspid AS has not been systemically studied. METHODS: Twelve patients with bicuspid AS who underwent TAVR with self-expanding THVs were included in this study...
February 5, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Yuan Wang, Hasan Jilaihawi, Guanyuan Song, Moyang Wang, Bin Lv, Hao Wang, Guannan Niu, Zheng Zhou, Yongjian Wu
To characterize the anatomy of aorto-iliofemoral arterial tree according to aortic valve phenotype by CT in patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We retrospectively enrolled 215 patients screened for TAVR who underwent CT. Dimensions, calcification, vascular tortuosity index score and other putative risk features of 13 different regions were evaluated for bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) morphology. The study consisted of 44% BAVs with younger age than TAVs...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Jun-Sheng Li, Gang Chen, Jie Ma, Zi-Xing Yan, Dong-Ming Cheng, Liang Chang, Hai-Chun Zhang, Jiang-Yan Liu
RATIONALE: To investigate the early and mid-term clinical outcomes of the modified cone reconstruction in the treatment of Ebstein's anomaly (EA) which provide appropriate surgical treatment for clinical and reduce the incidence of re-operation and valve replacement. PATIENT CONCERNS: Clinical data of 18 consecutive patients with EA in our hospital between May 2008 and August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were diagnosed by echocardiography. Among these patients, according to New York Heart Association functional grade, there were 12 patients with grade II cardiac function and 6 patients with grade III...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
A Korshin, L Grønlykke, J C Nilsson, H Møller-Sørensen, N Ihlemann, M Kjøller, S Damgaard, P Lehnert, C Hassager, J Kjaergaard, H B Ravn
Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is a robust measure of RV function, but the performance of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) measured TAPSE during surgery is not well established. We aim to evaluate feasibility of various TEE views before, during and after surgery. Furthermore, we compare performance of individual TEE measurements depending on view and method (AMM- and M-mode as well as 2D) as well as TAPSE measured using TEE with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) TAPSE. The study was conducted from January 2015 through September 2016...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Sabina Frljak, Martina Jaklic, Gregor Zemljic, Andraz Cerar, Gregor Poglajen, Bojan Vrtovec
We investigated the effects of CD34+cell therapy on right ventricular (RV) function in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We enrolled 60 patients with DCM who were randomized to CD34+cell therapy (Stem Cells (SC) Group n = 30), or no cell therapy (Controls, n = 30). The SC Group received granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, and CD34+cells were collected by apheresis and injected transendocardially. Patients were followed for 6 months. At baseline, the groups did not differ in age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction, N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide, or parameters of RV function...
February 2018: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
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