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sudden death in sports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330860/sudden-death-in-sport-and-riding-horses-during-and-immediately-after-exercise-a-case-series
#1
C Navas de Solis, F Althaus, N Basieux, D Burger
BACKGROUND: Sudden death affects the health of horses, the safety of riders and the public perception of animal welfare during equestrian events. OBJECTIVES: To describe the signalment, clinical history, sudden death episode, rider injuries and causes of sudden death during exercise or closely thereafter in sport and pleasure riding horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series based on an online questionnaire. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to the veterinary and equestrian community...
January 13, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284578/sudden-cardiac-death-in-athletes
#2
REVIEW
Michael S Emery, Richard J Kovacs
Sudden cardiac death is a tragedy at any age and under any circumstances but is perhaps most tragic when it claims the life of the athlete, the individual who epitomizes health and a healthy lifestyle. Sports cardiologists from around the world have worked to quantitate the incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the athlete, to identify risk factors, to develop pre-participation screening tools, and to formulate plans to deal with on-field SCD. Progress has been made, but much remains to be done in order to make both competitive and recreational sports safer for both patients with known cardiac disease and athletes without known or suspected cardiac abnormalities...
January 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237243/exercise-related-severe-cardiac-events
#3
Lourdes Vicent, Albert Ariza-Solé, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Aitor Uribarri, José Ortiz, Esteban López de Sá, Jordi Sans-Roselló, Carlos Tomás Querol, Pau Codina, Iago Sousa-Casasnovas, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has benefits on health. However, there is a small risk of effort-related adverse events. The aim of this study is to describe exercise-related severe cardiovascular events and to relate them with the type of sport performed. METHODS: Ten-year retrospective study in 8 Spanish cardiac intensive care units. Adverse cardiac events were defined as acute myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, or syncope related to physical activity. RESULTS: From 117 patients included, 109 were male (93...
December 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196876/early-recognition-of-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-athletes-during-sports-activity
#4
N M Panhuyzen-Goedkoop, H J Wellens, J J Piek
INTRODUCTION: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in athletes is an unexpected life-threatening event, which is often not recognised early and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not always initiated immediately. We describe key features to rapidly recognise non-traumatic SCA in athletes during sports activity. METHODS: We reviewed videos and images of athletes suffering from non-traumatic SCA during sports activity. We searched Google images, Google videos and YouTube...
December 1, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183415/the-pre-participation-screening-in-young-athletes-which-protocol-do-we-need-exactly
#5
İbrahim I Çetin, Filiz Ekici, Ayşe E Kibar, Murat Sürücü, Ali Orgun
The aim was to assess the utility and feasibility of a comprehensive cardiac screening protocol in young athletes before participation in sports. A total of 380 athletes referring before participation in sports, between April, 2014 and April, 2015, were included in this study. The mean age was 12.4 years. A screening protocol has been applied to all, including personal and family history, physical examination, 12-lead electrocardiography, transthoracic echocardiography, 24-hour rhythm Holter analysis, and treadmill exercise test...
November 29, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173402/sudden-cardiac-death-during-sports-activities-in-the-general-population
#6
REVIEW
Kumar Narayanan, Wulfran Bougouin, Ardalan Sharifzadehgan, Victor Waldmann, Nicole Karam, Eloi Marijon, Xavier Jouven
Regular exercise reduces cardiovascular and overall mortality. Participation in sports is an important determinant of cardiovascular health and fitness. Regular sports activity is associated with a smaller risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, there is a small risk of sports-related SCD. Sports-related SCD accounts for approximately 5% of total SCD. SCD among athletes comprises only a fraction of all sports-related SCD. Sport-related SCD has a male predominance and an average age of affliction of 45 to 50 years...
December 2017: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148628/clinical-significance-of-st-depression-at-exercise-stress-testing-in-competitive-athletes-usefulness-of-coronary-ct-during-screening
#7
Fabio Sperandii, Emanuele Guerra, Eliana Tranchita, Carlo Minganti, Chiara Lanzillo, Antonia Nigro, Federico Quaranta, Attilio Parisi, Mauro DI Roma, Luciano Maresca, Federica Fagnani, Leonardo Calò
BACKGROUND: Congenital coronary anomalies (CCAs) and coronary artery disease (CAD) arouse intense scientific and clinical interest in sports medicine and sports cardiology medical communities because of their potential to trigger sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes. Exercise stress testing represent the first instrumental assessment to evaluate electrocardiographic changes during effort. Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is an advanced accurate noninvasive imaging modality for excluding CAD and abnormalities of origin and course of coronary vessels...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146296/anomalous-origin-of-coronary-arteries-from-the-wrong-sinus-in-athletes-diagnosis-and-management-strategies
#8
Vincenzo Palmieri, Salvatore Gervasi, Massimiliano Bianco, Roberta Cogliani, Barbara Poscolieri, Francesco Cuccaro, Riccardo Marano, Mario Mazzari, Cristina Basso, Paolo Zeppilli
AIMS: Although anomalous origin of left (AOLCA) and right coronary artery (AORCA) from the wrong sinus may cause sudden death (SD) in athletes, early diagnosis and management of these anomalies are still challenging. We analysed clinical/instrumental profiles of athletes identified with AOLCA/AORCA focusing our attention on diagnosis, management and follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report 23 athletes (17 males, mean age 27±17yrs.), 6 with AOLCA and 17 with AORCA...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141175/sudden-cardiac-arrest-during-participation-in-competitive-sports
#9
Cameron H Landry, Katherine S Allan, Kim A Connelly, Kris Cunningham, Laurie J Morrison, Paul Dorian
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sudden cardiac arrest during participation in sports activities remains unknown. Preparticipation screening programs aimed at preventing sudden cardiac arrest during sports activities are thought to be able to identify at-risk athletes; however, the efficacy of these programs remains controversial. We sought to identify all sudden cardiac arrests that occurred during participation in sports activities within a specific region of Canada and to determine their causes...
November 16, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115866/four-experimental-stimulants-found-in-sports-and-weight-loss-supplements-2-amino-6-methylheptane-octodrine-1-4-dimethylamylamine-1-4-dmaa-1-3-dimethylamylamine-1-3-dmaa-and-1-3-dimethylbutylamine-1-3-dmba
#10
Pieter A Cohen, John C Travis, Peter H J Keizers, Patricia Deuster, Bastiaan J Venhuis
BACKGROUND: The United States Food and Drug Administration banned the stimulant 1,3-dimethylamylamine (1,3-DMAA) from dietary supplements and warned consumers that the stimulant can pose cardiovascular risks ranging from high blood pressure to heart attacks. OBJECTIVES: We designed our study to determine if a new stimulant similar in structure to 1,3-DMAA has been introduced as an ingredient in supplements sold in the United States (US). METHODS: We analyzed six brands of supplements that listed an ingredient on the label (e...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104677/frequency-of-electrocardiographic-changes-in-trained-athletes-in-the-republic-of-macedonia
#11
Ivanka Karagjozova, Suncica Petrovska, Slobodan Nikolic, Vesela Maleska-Ivanovska, Ljubica Georgievska-Ismail
BACKGROUND: The use of a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) in the screening of young athletes still has some controversies regarding the cost-benefit of the procedure. AIM: We wanted to identify types and frequency of ECG changes in athletes in the Republic of Macedonia as well as its relation to age, gender, duration, frequency and type of sports. METHODS: The study population included 256 trained amateur athletes who were prospectively examined...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035985/qt-corrections-for-long-qt-risk-assessment-implications-for-the-preparticipation-examination
#12
David Hadley, David Hsu, David Pickham, Jonathan A Drezner, Victor F Froelicher
BACKGROUND: Because sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the young mainly occur in individuals with structurally normal hearts, improved screening techniques for detecting inherited arrhythmic diseases are needed. The QT interval is an important screening measurement; however, the criteria for detecting an abnormal QT interval are based on Bazett formula and older populations. OBJECTIVE: To define the normal upper limits for QT interval from the electrocardiograms (ECGs) of healthy young individuals, compare the major correction formula and propose new QT interval thresholds for detecting those at risk of SCD...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967243/blunt-thoracic-trauma-and-cardiac-injury-in-the-athlete-contemporary-management
#13
Cesare DE Gregorio, Ludovico Magaudda
INTRODUCTION: Commotion cordis and cardiac injuries are rare events usually following a chest blunt trauma during sports activities. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION AND SYNTHESIS: Various aetiologies have been identified to cause electrical (commotion cordis) and/or structural (contusion and further injuries) damage, but high-velocity tools such as baseballs or hockey pucks (also called projectiles) have been chiefly identified. Clinical consequences are challenging, varying from uncomplicated supraventricular arrhythmias to cardiac wall rupture...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951881/state-level-implementation-of-health-and-safety-policies-to-prevent-sudden-death-and-catastrophic-injuries-within-secondary-school-athletics
#14
William M Adams, Samantha E Scarneo, Douglas J Casa
BACKGROUND: Sudden death and catastrophic injuries during sport can be attenuated with the implementation of evidence-based health and safety policies. However, the extent of the implementation of these policies within secondary school athletics is unknown. PURPOSE: To provide an assessment of the implementation of health and safety policies pertaining to the leading causes of sudden death and catastrophic injuries in sport within secondary school athletics in the United States...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928069/comments-on-the-new-international-criteria-for-electrocardiographic-interpretation-in-athletes
#15
Luis Serratosa-Fernández, Domingo Pascual-Figal, María Dolores Masiá-Mondéjar, María Sanz-de la Garza, Zigor Madaria-Marijuan, Juan Ramón Gimeno-Blanes, Carmen Adamuz
Sudden cardiac death is the most common medical cause of death during the practice of sports. Several structural and electrical cardiac conditions are associated with sudden cardiac death in athletes, most of them showing abnormal findings on resting electrocardiogram (ECG). However, because of the similarity between some ECG findings associated with physiological adaptations to exercise training and those of certain cardiac conditions, ECG interpretation in athletes is often challenging. Other factors related to ECG findings are race, age, sex, sports discipline, training intensity, and athletic background...
November 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805553/top-10-research-questions-related-to-preventing-sudden-death-in-sport-and-physical-activity
#16
Rachel K Katch, Samantha E Scarneo, William M Adams, Lawrence E Armstrong, Luke N Belval, Julie M Stamm, Douglas J Casa
Participation in organized sport and recreational activities presents an innate risk for serious morbidity and mortality. Although death during sport or physical activity has many causes, advancements in sports medicine and evidence-based standards of care have allowed clinicians to prevent, recognize, and treat potentially fatal injuries more effectively. With the continual progress of research and technology, current standards of care are evolving to enhance patient outcomes. In this article, we provided 10 key questions related to the leading causes and treatment of sudden death in sport and physical activity, where future research will support safer participation for athletes and recreational enthusiasts...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795011/cardiac-screening-to-prevent-sudden-death-in-young-athletes
#17
REVIEW
Christopher Schmehil, Devika Malhotra, Dilip R Patel
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a sudden and unexpected death caused by loss of heart of function. SCD may occur in any population, but when it occurs on the playing field in a young individual, communities worldwide are affected. Although these events are rare, media coverage of sudden cardiac arrests in young athletes have created the impression that these events are far more common than they appear. With a heightened awareness of SCD in young athletes, screening methods have been developed to try and prevent these events from occurring...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742603/strengths-limitations-and-geographical-discrepancies-in-the-eligibility-criteria-for-sport-participation-in-young-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Bruno Murzi, Manuel Melo, Eliana Franchi, Maura Crocetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of physical activity has been shown in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In several forms of CHD, the risk of sudden death remains a major concern both for parents and clinicians, who in turn will have to consider the risk-benefit ratio of sport participation versus restriction. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed within the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: Sport, CHD, and Eligibility. The search was further refined by adding the keywords: Children, Adult, and Criteria...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705431/-effect-of-intermittent-variable-intensity-exercise-on-qt-variation-and-risk-of-sudden-cardiac-death-among-cameroonian-school-adolescents
#19
E C Bika Lele, M N Pepouomi, A Temfemo, J Mekoulou, P Assomo Ndemba, S H Mandengue
INTRODUCTION: Several cases of sudden deaths are observed among students practicing sport and physical activity (SPA). Just few studies have been carried out on the variation of the QT (interval) and risk of sudden death during sporting exercises. AIM: To determine the effect of variable intermittent stress intensity on the variation of QT and the risk of sudden cardiac death. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Form 4, lower sixth and upper sixth students were recruited from a high school in Douala (Cameroon)...
July 10, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685702/a-focus-on-pharmacological-management-of-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia
#20
Claudio Barbanti, Alice Maltret, Daniel Sidi
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a channelopathy characterized by adrenergic mediated ventricular arrhythmia. Untreated CPVT is a malignant syndrome with more than 50% of arrhythmic event and up to 25% of fatal or near-fatal cardiac event at 8 years follow-up. Prevention of sudden cardiac death starts with exclusion of competitive sports. Beta blockers (BB) are the cornerstone pharmacological therapy for prevention of cardiac event in CPVT patients. Dose of BB should be the highest tolerable, preferably nadolol...
July 7, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
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