Read by QxMD icon Read

Penis cancer

Salvatore Gitto, Marta Vaiani, Tommaso Cascella, Rodolfo Lanocita
The prostate and bladder are the most common primary cancer sites for penile metastases. Here, we describe an unusual case of metastases from renal cell carcinoma to the penis discovered 1 month after nephrectomy in a 60-year-old man. The diagnosis was achieved using B-mode and contrast-enhanced ultrasound.
March 5, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Shreyas S Joshi, Elizabeth Handorf, David Strauss, Andres F Correa, Alexander Kutikov, David Y T Chen, Rosalia Viterbo, Richard E Greenberg, Robert G Uzzo, Marc C Smaldone, Daniel M Geynisman
Importance: Penile cancer is an uncommon disease with minimal level I evidence to guide therapy. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines advocate a lymph node dissection (LND) or radiotherapy with consideration of perioperative chemotherapy for all patients with lymph node-positive (LN+) penile cancer without metastasis. Objectives: To determine temporal trends in use of chemotherapy for patients with LN+ penile cancer without metastasis and to evaluate outcomes between those who did or did not receive LND, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy...
March 1, 2018: JAMA Oncology
Kerry Thomas, Philippe Spiess, Jamie T Caracciolo
Penile cancer is an uncommon primary genitourinary malignancy, the vast majority representing superficial squamous cell carcinomas. However, less common skin cancers, secondary malignancies, mesenchymal neoplasms, and hematopoietic tumors do affect the penis. Medical history, atypical presentation, and deep epicenter of a penile mass may raise question of a nonepithelial neoplasm. We describe and discuss 2 examples of rare deep-seated penile malignancies, leiomyosarcoma and B-cell lymphoma.
December 2017: Radiology Case Reports
Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Tchernev
Condyloma acuminata represents an epidermal manifestation, associated with the epidermotropic human papillomavirus (HPV). They have been reported as the most common sexually transmitted disease, with prevalence exceeding 50%, increased up to 4 times, within the last two decades, as the most common side of affection are the penis, vulva, vagina, cervix, perineum, and perianal area, with increased prevalence in young, sexually active individuals. Increased attention should be focused on lesions, caused by types, with moderate (33, 35, 39, 40, 43, 45, 51-56, 58) or high risk potential (types 16, 18) for malignant transformation, leading to further development of cancers of anus, vagina, vulva and penis, as well as cancers of the head and neck...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Uwe Wollina, Jacqueline Schönlebe, Alberto Goldman, Georgi Tchernev, Torello Lotti
BACKGROUND: Zoon's balanitis is a benign disease characterized by an asymptomatic, chronic, solitary, shiny, red-orange plaque of the glans and/ or prepuce. In rare cases of Zoon's disease, penile squamous cell carcinoma developed in the chronic inflammatory lesions. CASE REPORT: We report on a 68-year-old male patient presenting with phimosis and coexistent Zoon's disease and penile carcinoma in situ treated successfully by circumcision. CONCLUSION: Coexistence of both lesions in contrast to the development of cancerous lesions within pre-existent Zoon's disease is a very rare observation...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Bo T Hansen, Suzanne Campbell, Mari Nygård
OBJECTIVES: Examine long-term incidence trends of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancer in Norway, and estimate the number of cancer cases preventable by vaccines against HPV 16/18 or HPV 16/18/31/33/45/52/58. DESIGN: Observational registry-based study. We extracted incident cases of HPV-related cancer during 1953-2015 from the Cancer Registry of Norway. Tumour HPV prevalence estimates from large international meta-analyses or from Norway were used to estimate the protective potential of HPV vaccines...
February 23, 2018: BMJ Open
M May, S D Brookman-May, T H Ecke, M Burger
Squamous cell carcinoma of the penis (SCCP) is a rare cancer type in Western industrialized nations; nevertheless, it shows an aggressive course of disease in advanced tumor stages with accordantly high recurrence and progression rates. While molecular biomarkers are not established in clinical routine for the management of SCCP patients yet, the accordant unmet need is enormous, as adequate biomarkers would be meaningful for prognostic determination, planning of modality and extent of primary therapy, indication for inguinal lymph node resection, adjuvant treatment, and as potential targets for specific systemic treatment...
February 22, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
A Erbersdobler
BACKGROUND: Penile cancer is rare in Germany and in western European countries. Our understanding of the pathogenesis and pathology of this malignancy has increased considerably in recent years. OBJECTIVES: Clinical management has become more complex, with organ-preserving strategies being increasingly favored. Associated with these developments, the demands on the pathology reports of biopsies and surgical specimens from the penis have also increased. MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to guidelines and the relevant literature, this review outlines the most important aspects that must be considered in the classification and pathological reporting of penile cancer...
February 21, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
C Colberg, C van der Horst, K-P Jünemann, C M Naumann
BACKGROUND: Penile cancer represents a rarity in daily clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: The aim is to identify global differences concerning the incidence, social and risk factors. METHODS: The past and current epidemiologic literature is analyzed concerning incidence rates and risk factors. The latter are discussed concerning their potential with regard to disease prevention. RESULTS: Globally, incidence rates of penile cancer range from low to nonexistent...
February 21, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Shelvin Kumar Vadi, Rajender Kumar, Bhagwant Rai Mittal, Ashwin Singh Parihar, Shrawan Kumar Singh
An 85-year-old man with prostate cancer for metastatic workup underwent Gallium Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (Ga-PSMA) PET/CT (Ga-PSMA PET/CT), which revealed unusual tracer uptake in the shaft and glans of penis as well as multiple systemic metastases in liver, skeletal, and lymph nodes. The penile lesion was proved to be metastatic adenocarcinoma from prostate on fine needle aspiration cytology. The patient underwent Lutetium (Lu)-labeled PSMA radioligand therapy, which also revealed diffuse tracer uptake in the penile shaft as well as other metastatic sites...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Andrea Cocci, Oliver W Hakenberg, Tommaso Cai, Gabriella Nesi, Lorenzo Livi, Beatrice Detti, Andrea Minervini, Girolamo Morelli, Marco Carini, Sergio Serni, Mauro Gacci
Metastases to the penis are rare, but can have severe consequences. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature in order to gain more information on the presentation and prognosis of this metastatic disease. We reviewed the literature relating to all case reports, series and reviews about penile metastasis, from 2003 to 2013, through a Medline search. We identified 63 articles and 69 patients. Metastases were located on the root (38.8%), the shaft (38.8%) or the glans (22.2%) of the penis...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Hee-Su Kim, Yong-Bin Kim, Donchan Choi, Yong-Pil Cheon, Sung-Ho Lee
Bisphenol-A(BPA) is a member of alkylphenol family, and shows adverse effects including reduced fertility, reproductive tract abnormalities, metabolic disorder, cancer induction, neurotoxicity and immunotoxicity. In the present study, we conducted Hershberger assay to evaluate whether the two candidates to replace BPA have androgenic or antiandrogenic activity. The assay was carried out using immature castrated Sprague-Dawley male rats. After 7 days of the surgery, testosterone propionate (TP, 0.4 mg/kg/day) and test materials (low dose, 40 mg/kg/day; high dose, 400 mg/kg/day) were administered for 10 consecutive days by subcutaneous (s...
December 2017: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
X Melody Qu, D Robert Siemens, Alexander V Louie, Darwin Yip, Aamer Mahmud
INTRODUCTION: The ability to predict lymph node (LN) status is essential in the management of men with localized squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the penis. There has been limited external validation of available risk stratification tools, particularly in routine clinical care. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive variables of LN metastases within a large population-based cohort of patients. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, surgical pathology reports were linked to the population-based Ontario Cancer Registry to identify all patients who were diagnosed with penile cancer in Ontario, Canada...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Ethan P Davoudzadeh, Natan P Davoudzadeh, Ezra Margolin, Peter J Stahl, Doron S Stember
INTRODUCTION: Penile size has long been an important fixation in men's lives. On the one hand, a smaller penis has been associated with anxiety and apprehension; on the other hand, a larger penis has generally been related to virility and strength. These perceptions predominate during an erection, when penile size is representative of a man's masculinity. AIM: To assess adult penile length and summarize average penile length assessments from the literature; analyze how various urologic diseases and therapies affect penile length and volume; and review how surgical treatments for Peyronie's disease, penile prosthesis implantation, and radical prostatectomy can affect penile size to appropriately counsel patients seeking such therapies and set realistic goals for patients...
December 27, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
Andres F Correa, Elizabeth Handorf, Shreyas S Joshi, Daniel M Geynisman, Alexander Kutikov, David Y Chen, Robert G Uzzo, Rosalia Viterbo, Richard E Greenberg, Marc C Smaldone
BACKGROUND: Inguinal lymphadenectomy (I-LND) remains underutilized in patients with invasive penile cancer. Using a large national cancer registry, we assessed temporal trends in I-LND utilization and evaluated the impact of I-LND on the survival in patients in whom I-LND is an absolute indication per NCCN guidelines (T1b-4 N0/x-1). METHODS: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) was queried for all non-metastatic penile patients with T1b-4 N0/X-N1 squamous cell carcinoma of the penis from 2004-2014...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Urology
Carlos Eduardo Salazar-Mejía, David Hernández-Barajas, Edio Llerena-Hernández, José Luis González-Vela, María Inés Contreras-Salcido, Adriana González-Gutiérrez, Omar David Borjas-Almaguer, Luis Alberto Pérez-Arredondo, Blanca Otilia Wimer-Castillo
Testicular cancer is the most common solid malignancy affecting males between the ages of 15 and 35. The symptomatology caused by this tumor varies according to the site of metastasis. We present the case of a 26-year-old male who arrived to the emergency department with hematemesis. He had no previous medical history. On arrival, we noted enlargement of the left scrotal sac. There was also a mass in the left scrotum which provoked displacement of the penis and right testis. The serum alpha-fetoprotein level was 17,090 ng/mL, lactate dehydrogenase was 1480 U/L, and human chorionic gonadotropin was 287...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Sammy E Elsamra, Michael A Poch
Squamous cell carcinoma of the penis (SCC-P) demonstrates a reliable pattern of spread to the lymph nodes of the groin. High grade and higher stage (pT1b or greater) SCC-P demonstrate a higher propensity for metastasis to the inguinal lymph nodes. Further, lymphadenopathy progresses in a predictable fashion, from superficial inguinal lymph nodes to deep inguinal lymph nodes to pelvic lymph nodes, with limited survival noted for those patients with progression to pelvic lymph nodes. Fortunately, inguinal lymphadenectomy can provide cure and improvement in RFS for SCC-P...
October 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
William G Simpson, Zachary Klaassen, Rita P Jen, William M Hughes, Durwood E Neal, Martha K Terris
The treatment for penile cancer has been shown to cause harmful psychiatric symptoms as well as have detrimental effects on well-being. In the past several years, alternatives to total or partial penectomy have emerged, such as chemotherapy, radiation, penile sparing, and laser ablation therapies. A more specific breakdown for penile cancer is in order as the therapy has the potential for life changing surgery. We examined the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2013), comprising 28% of the United States population...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Roshni Bhudia, Amar Ahmad, Onyinye Akpenyi, Angela Whiley, Mark Wilks, Tim Oliver
The microaerophylic organism Propionibacterium acnes has shown consistent association with prostate cancer (PC). Studies linking circumcision with reduced PC further support anaerobes involvement as circumcision reduces anaerobe colonisation on the glans penis. A 1988 study linked anaerobes with PC but considered them as opportunists in necrotic tumour. A hypothesis that a "Helicobacter-like" process causes PC justified this pilot study. Active surveillance patients were enrolled. Post-prostate massage urine samples were screened using the Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight (MALDI-TOF) technique for bacterial identification after culture in anaerobic and aerobic conditions...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
Michael Romanelli, Tariq Issa, Whitney Zahnd, Danuta Dynda, Shaheen Alanee
BACKGROUND: Inguinal lymphadenectomy (LND) is influential in reducing the mortality of squamous cell carcinoma of the penis (SCCP). We investigated the impact of urologic workforce density (UD) and rural residence (RR) on the practice of LND and mortality of SCCP (SCCP-RM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: UD was determined from the 2014 to 2015 Area Health Resource File data, while RR was determined using the 2003 rural-urban continuum codes. All cases of SCCP within the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results 18 registry with known county codes were used for analysis (n = 2863)...
November 6, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"