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Penis cancer

Arie S Parnham, Maarten Albersen, Varun Sahdev, Michelle Christodoulidou, Raj Nigam, Peter Malone, Alex Freeman, Asif Muneer
BACKGROUND: Penile cancer is a rare malignancy that is confined to the glans in up to four out of five cases. Although descriptions of glansectomy exist, there are no contemporary video explanations or large published single centre series. OBJECTIVE: To show the efficacy and safety of glansectomy and split-thickness skin graft (STSG) reconstruction. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected retrospectively for patients identified from surgical theatre diaries between February 2005 and January 2016...
October 13, 2016: European Urology
Varun Sahdev, Maarten Albersen, Michelle Christodoulidou, Arie Parnham, Peter Malone, Raj Nigam, Jamshed Bomanji, Asif Muneer
OBJECTIVES: To review the management and clinical outcomes of uni- or bilateral non-visualization of inguinal lymph nodes following dynamic sentinel lymph node biopsy (DSNB) in patients diagnosed with penile cancer and clinically impalpable inguinal lymph nodes (cN0). An additional objective was to develop an algorithm for the management of patients in which non-visualisation occurs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study over a period of 4 years comprising 166 patients with penile squamous cell carcinoma undergoing DSNB and followed up for a minimum of 6 months...
October 15, 2016: BJU International
Juanita Crook
Squamous cell cancer of the penis is a radiocurable malignancy all too often managed solely by partial or total penectomy. Effective management of the primary tumor while preserving penile morphology and function is a priority. External radiotherapy and brachytherapy have a role to play in the definitive management of the primary tumor. Surgical nodal staging remains a cornerstone of management because it is the strongest predictor of survival, and inguinal status determines pelvic management. Postoperative radiotherapy of the regional nodes for high-risk pathology is indicated...
November 2016: Urologic Clinics of North America
Dania Bucchi, Fabrizio Stracci, Nicola Buonora, Giuseppe Masanotti
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. Exposure to HPV is very common, and an estimated 65%-100% of sexually active adults are exposed to HPV in their lifetime. The majority of HPV infections are asymptomatic, but there is a 10% chance that individuals will develop a persistent infection and have an increased risk of developing a carcinoma. The International Agency for Research on Cancer has found that the following cancer sites have a strong causal relationship with HPV: cervix uteri, penis, vulva, vagina, anus and oropharynx, including the base of the tongue and the tonsils...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Sheela V Godbole, Karabi Nandy, Mansi Gauniyal, Pallavi Nalawade, Suvarna Sane, Shravani Koyande, Joy Toyama, Asha Hegde, Phil Virgo, Kishor Bhatia, Ramesh S Paranjape, Arun R Risbud, Sam M Mbulaiteye, Ronald T Mitsuyasu
We utilized computerized record-linkage methods to link HIV and cancer databases with limited unique identifiers in Pune, India, to determine feasibility of linkage and obtain preliminary estimates of cancer risk in persons living with HIV (PLHIV) as compared with the general population.Records of 32,575 PLHIV were linked to 31,754 Pune Cancer Registry records (1996-2008) using a probabilistic-matching algorithm. Cancer risk was estimated by calculating standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) in the early (4-27 months after HIV registration), late (28-60 months), and overall (4-60 months) incidence periods...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shiv Rajan, Vijay Kumar, Arun Chaturvedi, Jeevan Ram Vishnoi, Prashant Dontula
Penile cancer is an uncommon malignancy. Squamous cell carcinoma constitutes approximately 95% of all histology. Non-squamous malignancies are rare in penis. Sarcomas of penis are rarer among them. Spindle cell sarcoma is one of the extremely rare sarcoma of penis. To best of our knowledge, only two cases have been reported so far, one in English literature and other in Japanese. We are presenting this uncommon case of spindle cell sarcoma of penis, which was diagnosed with microscopy with its characteristic immunohistochemistry...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Vivekanandan Kumar, K Krishna Sethia
OBJECTIVE: To compare the complications and oncological outcomes between video-endoscopic inguinal lymph node dissection (VEILND) and open ILND (OILND) in men with carcinoma of the penis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospectively collected institutional database was used to determine the outcomes in 42 consecutive patients undergoing ILND between 2008 and 2015 in a centre for treating penile cancer. Before 2013 all procedures were OILNDs. Since 2013 we have performed VEILND on all patients in need of ILND...
September 15, 2016: BJU International
Marta Félez-Sánchez, Marleny Vergara, Silvia de Sanjosé, Xavier Castellsagué, Laia Alemany, Ignacio G Bravo
Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) are involved in the etiology of anogenital and head and neck cancers. The HPV DNA prevalence greatly differs by anatomical site. Indeed, the high rates of viral DNA prevalence in anal and cervical carcinomas contrast with the lower fraction of cancer cases attributable to HPVs in other anatomical sites, chiefly the vulva, the penis and head and neck. Here we analyzed 2635 Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded surgical samples that had previously tested negative for the presence of HPVs DNA using the SPF10/DEIA procedure, in order to identify the presence of other PVs not explicitly targeted by standard molecular epidemiologic approaches...
September 4, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Andreas Erbersdobler
Carcinoma of the penis is a rare tumor in the United States and in western European countries. Clinical management has become more complex in recent years, because organ-preserving strategies are being favored. Furthermore, our understanding of the pathogenesis of this malignancy has grown considerably. As a result of these developments, the demands on the pathology reports of surgical specimens from the penis have increased. There are also some peculiarities with the current World Health Organization and TNM classification systems of penile cancer as compared with other tumor entities...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Nicola Nicolai, Mario Catanzaro, Michele Zazzara
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Prognosis of penile squamous cell cancer (PeSCC) depends on the involvement of the groin(s) as first step. We introduce the current available evidences that should rule the use of surgery in the management of PeSCC. RECENT FINDINGS: Prophylactic inguinal node dissection in patients with no palpable nodes associates with immediate and long-term side-effects in up to 70% of patients. Recent findings support selective intervention based on early identification of dynamic sentinel node biopsy (DSNB) with false negative rate of 4-12%...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
Roman Sosnowski, Marta Kulpa, Mariola Kosowicz, Jan Karol Wolski, Olga Kuczkiewicz, Katarzyna Moskal, Michał Szymański, Tomasz Kalinowski, Tomasz Demkow
INTRODUCTION: Total amputation, as a treatment for advanced penile cancer, significantly debilitates the patient's quality of life and sexual function. The aim of the study was to assess the quality of life in patients who had undergone total penectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaires EORTC QLQ C-30, SES, CMNI, and a modified IIEF-15 questionnaire, were sent to 11 patients. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients returned the questionnaires completed...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
Gaurav Gupta, Viviana Giannino, Narayan Rishi, Reinhard Glueck
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. HPVs are oncogenic small double-stranded DNA viruses that are the primary causal agent of cervical cancer and other types of cancers, including in the anus, oropharynx, vagina, vulva, and penis. Prophylactic vaccination against HPV is an attractive strategy for preventing cervical cancer and some other types of cancers. However, there are few safe and effective vaccines against HPV infections. Current first-generation commercial HPV vaccines are expensive to produce and deliver...
September 7, 2016: Vaccine
G M Volgareva, I N Mikhaylova, D A Golovina
Melanoma is one of the most aggressive human malignant tumors. Its incidence and mortality are growing steadily. Ultraviolet irradiation is the main risk factor for melanoma involved in melanomagenesis. The probability of viral etiology of melanoma has been discussed. Human papillomaviruses (HPV) have been mentioned among candidates for its etiologic agents because some HPV types are the powerful carcinogens causing cervical cancer and other cancers. The review analyses the literature data on the association of melanoma with HPV Several groupsfound HPVin skin melanomas as well as in mucosa; viruses of high oncogenic risk were detected in some cases...
2016: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
B Imko-Walczuk, M Kielbowicz, J Malyszko, J Malyszko, M Barczyk, A Debska-Slizien, M Mysliwiec, B Rutkowski
BACKGROUND: Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a cancer with an incidence in patients after transplantation (Tx) that is 500 times greater than that in the healthy population. The risk of KS increases significantly during therapy, especially when immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine A (CsA) is used. Most cases of KS develop during the first 2 years after transplantation. After a KS diagnosis, it is recommended to reduce the doses of immunosuppressive medications. Conversion of immunosuppressive treatment into mammalian target of rapamycin (m-TOR) inhibitors is strongly suggested...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Borek Sehnal, Roman Chlíbek, Jiří Sláma
The important goal of immunization programs in many countries is the reduction of the incidence of cervical cancer using either the quadrivalent (Silgard/Gardasil) or the bivalent (Cervarix) HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine. Nevertheless, HPV infection is associated with the development of cancers of anus, vagina, vulva and penis, and cancers of the head and neck and genital warts, too. Large trials for both vaccines find efficacy against HPV-related infection and different HPV associated diseases.Infection with HPV and diseases caused by HPV are common in boys and men, too...
2016: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Jia-yi Zhang, Le-bin Song, Ya-min Wang, Chen Chen, Yi-chun Wang, Ning-hong Song, Min Gu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors influencing the prognosis of penis-sparing surgery (PSS) for early-stage penile cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the clinical data about 45 cases of early-stage penile cancer treated by PSS from January 2007 to December 2014. We calculated the rate of local recurrence-free survival by the Kaplan-Meier method, and conducted univariate and multivariate COX regression analyses on the relevant factors including the patient's age, marital status, tumor location, tumor size, postoperative sexual life, histological grade, and TNM stage...
May 2016: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Isabela Werneck da Cunha, Maria José L Souza, Walter Henriques da Costa, Alice M Amâncio, Francisco Paulo Fonseca, Stenio de Cassio Zequi, Ademar Lopes, Gustavo Cardoso Guimarães, Fernando Soares
OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to evaluate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) as a useful prognostic marker in penile carcinoma (PC), and establish an objective criterion to define EMT in PC specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 149 consecutive cases surgically treated for PC were retrospectively selected. E-cadherin (E-CAD) and vimentin immunohistochemical expressions were evaluated. A combined analysis was performed using both markers to determine EMT status...
October 2016: Urologic Oncology
Francesco De Luca, Evangelos Zacharakis, Majed Shabbir, Angela Maurizi, Emy Manzi, Antonio Zanghì, Carlo De Dominicis, David Ralph
Malignant priapism secondary to penile metastases is a rare condition. This term was originally used by Peacock in 1938 to describe a condition of painful induration and erection of the penis due to metastatic infiltration by a neoplasm. In the current literature there are 512 case reports. The primary tumor sites are bladder, prostate and rectum. The treatment has only palliative intent and consists of local tumor excision, penectomy, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We present one case of malignant priapism originated from prostate cancer, and two from urothelial carcinoma of the bladder...
2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Amanda H Seipel, Brett Delahunt, Hemamali Samaratunga, Lars Egevad
Ductal adenocarcinoma of the prostate (DAC) is recognised as a subtype of prostatic adenocarcinoma, but its diagnostic criteria and biology remain controversial. DAC was first thought to stem from Müllerian duct remnants, but further studies suggest a prostatic origin. DAC is composed of tall, columnar, pseudostratified epithelium with a papillary, cribriform, glandular or solid architecture. The diagnosis is based on morphology alone with papillary architecture being the most helpful diagnostic feature...
August 2016: Pathology
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