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Ammar AlLugami, Kerstin von Pückler, Marlene Sickinger
In male small ruminants, voiding disturbances are not uncommon. A precise knowledge of the underlying disease is essential for prognostic evaluation as well as for a decision concerning the therapeutic approach. Common reasons for voiding disturbances in the male small ruminant are obstructive urolithiasis, traumata of the penis or inflammatory processes within the urethra or urinary bladder. The diagnostic method of choice - in addition to clinical examination - is diagnostic imaging. Because radiology is not always possible under field conditions, the aim of this article is a detailed presentation of ultrasonography of the distal urethra of the male lamb...
June 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Marek Switonski, Stanislaw Dzimira, Roman Aleksiewicz, Izabela Szczerbal, Joanna Nowacka-Woszuk, Paulina Krzeminska, Tomasz Deska, Wojciech Nizanski
Hypospadias, the abnormal position of the urethral orifice, is considered a rare congenital malformation of the reproductive organs in male dogs. We present 5 new cases of hypospadias - 2 of the penile type in German Shepherd Dogs and 3 perineal types in a Bavarian Mountain Hound, a French Bulldog, and an American Staffordshire Terrier. Other abnormalities (rudimentary or underdeveloped penis, incompletely formed preputial sheath, and bilateral cryptorchidism) were also observed. Molecular analysis of all cases revealed the presence of Y-linked genes (SRY and ZFY)...
June 13, 2018: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
D A Weiss, C J Long, J R Frazier, A R Shukla, A K Srinivasan, T F Kolon, H DiCarlo, J P Gearhart, D A Canning
INTRODUCTION: Re-operative penile reconstruction is challenging and requires tension-free skin closure. The repair popularized by Cecil and Culp in the 1940s, using the scrotum to provide a temporary vascularized bed for complex hypospadias repairs, fell out of favor due to temporal trends towards single-stage repairs and concern for utilizing hair-bearing skin on the penile shaft. OBJECTIVE: It was hypothesized that a modified Cecil-Culp (CC) concept of penile scrotalization, leaving the penis attached to the scrotum for 1 year rather than 6 weeks as originally described, improves outcomes with this reconstruction for ventral skin deficiency or poor vascular support...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Joseph J Pariser, Omar E Soto-Aviles, Brandi Miller, Maha Husainat, Richard A Santucci
OBJECTIVES: To propose a simple classification system for buried penis repairs and present an analysis of perioperative data based on category. METHODS: Patients undergoing buried penis repair at a single institution were examined. Classification was as follows: Category I - Penile Unburying with Local Flap; II - Skin Graft; III - Scrotal Surgery; IV - Escutcheonectomy; V - Abdominal Panniculectomy. Complex repairs were Category III or above. Success was defined as an unburied penis without additional unburying surgery...
June 10, 2018: Urology
Marcello H A Da Silva, Waldemar S Costa, Francisco J B Sampaio, Diogo B De Souza
Erectile dysfunction is a common side effect of finasteride and dutasteride treatments. The objective of this study was to investigate the structural changes in the penis using a benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) rodent model treated with dutasteride or finasteride. Sixty male rats were divided into the following groups: C, untreated control rats; C + D, control rats receiving dutasteride; C + F, control rats receiving finasteride; H, untreated spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs); H + D, SHRs treated with dutasteride; and H + F, SHRs treated with finasteride...
June 8, 2018: Asian Journal of Andrology
Abdalla M Etabbal, Fathi F Hussain, Mohamed O Benkhadoura, Abdalla M Banni
Objective: To report on our initial experience in the management of war-related penile injuries; proper diagnosis and immediate treatment of penile injuries is essential to gain satisfactory results. Besides treating primary wounds and restoring penile function, the cosmetic result is also an important issue for the surgeon. Patients and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Urology at Benghazi Medical Center and comprised all patients who presented with a shotgun, gunshot or explosive penile injury between February 2011 and August 2017...
June 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
Smail Acimi, Mohammed Ali Acimi, Lamia Debbous, Mimouna Bessahraoui, Ibtisseme Bouanani
Objectives: To evaluate the mid-term results of clitoroplasty through the reduction of the length and diameter of the corpus cavernosum, as well as the volume of the glans. Patients and methods: From October 2003 to July 2015, we performed 29 clitoroplasties using the described procedure. The median (range) age of the patients was 18 (3-47) months. After surgery we evaluated the volume of the clitoris, the appearance of glans, and its sensitivity to light touch, pressure, and pain...
June 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
Marta Mateus, Marcus M Ilg, William J Stebbeds, Nim Christopher, Asif Muneer, David J Ralph, Selim Cellek
BACKGROUND: Peyronie's disease (PD) is a chronic fibrotic disease of the penis affecting a significant number of men worldwide without effective medical treatments. Myofibroblasts are pivotal in the pathogenesis of PD. Adenosine and adenosine receptors have been suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of fibrosis. AIM: To understand the role of adenosine receptors in myofibroblast transformation in PD. METHODS: Fibroblasts were isolated from the non-PD tunica albuginea (TA) tissue and PD plaque tissue and were transformed into myofibroblasts using transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Shireen Parsai, Sheen Cherian, Ryan K Berglund, Byron Lee, Matthew Kolar, Nancy Nagle-Hernan, Allan Wilkinson, Jay Ciezki
OBJECTIVES: To allow for organ preservation, high dose rate brachytherapy may be used in the treatment of localized penile cancer. Penile cancer is a rare malignancy, accounting for less than one percent of cancers in men in the United States. The standard treatment for localized disease is partial amputation of the penis. However, patients with T1b or T2 disease, less than 4 cm in maximum dimension and confined to the glans penis may be treated with brachytherapy as an organ-sparing approach...
June 8, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
Serkan Karakus, Biljana Musicki, Arthur L Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the molecular basis of penile erection at the human level and distinguish mechanisms underlying vasculogenic and post-radical prostatectomy (post-RP) erectile dysfunction (ED) subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Erectile tissue was obtained from men without histories of ED who underwent penile surgery for Peyronie's disease (control, n=5) and with ED who underwent penile prosthesis implantation (n=17). ED was categorized into vasculogenic (n=8) and post-RP (n=9) subtypes...
June 11, 2018: BJU International
Edgar Linden-Castro, Marcela Pelayo-Nieto, Ivan Ramirez-Galindo, Daniel Espinosa-Perezgrovas, Victor Cornejo-Davila, Edy Rubio-Arellano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Urology Case Reports
Nannan Thirumavalavan, Billy H Cordon, Martin S Gross, Jeffrey Taylor, Jean-Francois Eid
BACKGROUND: Rear tip extenders (RTEs) are used commonly in penile prostheses, but their effect on erectile rigidity has not been extensively studied. AIM: To determine whether RTEs affect erectile rigidity in inflatable penile prostheses and determine what length of RTE should be used for a given corporal length-in this case, 22 cm. METHODS: To assess the effect of RTEs on erectile rigidity, we created a penile model simulating 2 corpora cavernosa that accommodated cylinders of varying lengths...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Olga Kostrzewa, Paweł Kołodziej, Maria Majdan, Robert Zwolak, Anna Górak, Krzysztof Bar
In this article we have presented a case of 31-year-old male with thickening of the skin and tender cord of superficial veins of the penis and laboratory findings of the high titer of PM/Scl-100 antibodies in the serum. The patient was referred to the Rheumatology Department due to suspected systemic sclerosis. The HRCT scan of his lungs revealed fibrous degeneration and ground-glass opacity in the lower lobes. Capillaroscopy showed abnormalities, which were not typical for systemic sclerosis. In Doppler ultrasound examination of penis, superficial dorsal and circumflex veins thrombosis and inflammatory infiltration were observed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Manuel António Campos, Ana Sousa, Gisela Lage, Paulo Varela, Nuno Menezes, David Tente, Iris Zalaudek, Armando Baptista, Natividade Rocha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: JAAD Case Reports
Nwokoro Chingbundu Collins, Emmanuel Ezekiel Ayodeji, Fatungase Oluwabunmi Motunrayo, Salami Babatunde Abayomi, Ogundele Ibukunolu Olufemi, Amosu Lukmon Olusesan
Background: Neurofibromatosis is a genetically inherited disorder of the nervous system (brain and spinal cord) which mainly affects the development of nerve (neural) cell tissues, causing tumors (neurofibromas) to develop on nerves. It is the most common single gene disorder of the nervous system and inheritance is through autosomal dominance. They are usually classified into types 1 and 2, the type 1 is the commoner type and also known as superficial neurofibroma. Plexiform neurofibromas are the next most common type of tumor in individuals with type 1 neurofibroma...
March 2018: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
Aurash Naser-Tavakolian, Cindy Tran, Marissa Timoteo, Raymond Chiu, Leslie Ballas
Urethral cancer (UC) is a rare malignancy with a poor prognosis. Since local recurrence is common and associated with morbidity, case series have reported on the use of adjuvant radiotherapy. Radiotherapy treatment setup for malignancies of the penis can be challenging because of variability in anatomic positioning. This variability can lead to lack of reproducibility. We propose a novel external beam radiotherapy technique for the treatment of UC: prone positioning. This technique has been used to treat breast cancers successfully and can be used to treat any variety of penile malignancies...
May 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Gustavo Henrique Lima de Siqueira, Felipe Ennes Silva, Marcelo Ismar Silva Santana
Morphological characterisation of the genital organs of primates may bring significant contributions to the understanding of different reproductive behaviours and support new conservation strategies. However, relevant or detailed descriptions of genital morphology of several primate species are still lacking. This study describes the gross and microscopic anatomy of the internal and external genitalia of Marca's marmoset (Mico marcai). The same organs described in other primate species were identified here, but some anatomical particularities were detected, such as absence of a dartos tunic, presence of a vas deferens ampulla, absence of spongious erectile tissue in the pelvic urethra, separation of prostate gland lobes by a longitudinal sulcus and lack of septation in the corpus cavernosus and spongiosus at the level of the shaft and free portion of the penis...
June 3, 2018: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Rahman Sheikhhoseini, Amir Massoud Arab
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case report is to describe the use of Dry Needling (DN) in myofascial tracks related to the pelvic floor (PF) in the management of a male with Non-Relaxing Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (NRPFD). CLINICAL FEATURES: A 42-year-old man, with a 20-year history of frequent urination, was referred to the physical therapy clinic by a urologist with diagnosis of NRPFD. The patient was suffering from a sense of incomplete evacuation and difficulty to start urination...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Pierre Pescheloche, Benoit Parmentier, Thevy Hor, Olivier Chamond, Maud Chabaud, Sabine Irtan, Georges Audry
INTRODUCTION: Fistulas are a common complication of hypospadias surgery; they are more frequent after mid-shaft and posterior hypospadias repair. Surgical treatment of fistula still remains challenging with a significant failure rate. The basic principle is to add layers between skin and neourethra in order to decrease the incidence of recurrent urethrocutaneous fistula (UCF). We report our experience of UCF repair using a vascularized tunica vaginalis flap (TVF) after posterior and mid-shaft hypospadias surgery...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Flávia Fernandes-Lima, Bianca M Gregório, Fernanda A M Nascimento, Waldemar S Costa, Carla B M Gallo, Francisco J B Sampaio
Vitamin D deficiency is common in pregnant women and infants. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin D restricted diet on the Wistar rats offspring penis morphology. Mother rats received either standard diet (SC) or vitamin D restricted (VitD) diet. At birth, offspring were divided into SC/SC (from SC mothers, fed with SC diet) and VitD/VitD (from VitD mothers, fed with VitD diet). After euthanasia the penises were processed for histomorphometric analysis. The VitD/VitD offspring displayed metabolic changes and reduction in the cross-sectional area of the penis, corpus cavernosum, tunica albuginea, and increased area of the corpus spongiosum...
2018: BioMed Research International
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