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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653306/the-gross-anatomy-of-the-male-reproductive-system-of-the-european-hedgehog-erinaceus-europaeus
#1
G Akbari, M Babaei, D Kianifard, D Mohebi
Hedgehogs are small spiny-coated insectivores. Due to their low body weight, calm character, and easy maintenance, they are kept as pets. It is therefore worthwhile to care about hedgehogs' health problems and to provide pet owners with information about their reproduction. Moreover, it is necessary to be familiar with their anatomy so as to satisfy the need to improve nutrition and medical care, even surgery. This study was carried out on five adult male European hedgehogs euthanized in a chloroform chamber...
June 27, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652548/spongian-diterpenes-from-the-sponge-hyattella-aff-intestinalis
#2
Peni Ahmadi, Takahiro Haruyama, Nobuyuki Kobayashi, Nicole J de Voogd, Junichi Tanaka
Extracts of the sponge Hyattella aff. intestinalis showed moderate inhibition against adenovirus. Chromatographic separation of the extracts followed by analysis of spectroscopic data allowed us to elucidate the structures of three new metabolites as 2α-hydroxyspongia-13(16),14-diene-3-one (4), 3β-hydroxyspongia-13(16),14-diene-2-one (7), and 2α,3α-diacetoxy-17,19-dihydroxyspongia-13(16),14-diene (8) and to identify six known ones 1-3, 5-6 and 9. Among the molecules, compounds 1 and 3 showed antiviral activity at IC50 17...
June 23, 2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648967/glans-necrosis-following-penile-prosthesis-implantation-prevention-and-treatment-suggestions
#3
Steven K Wilson, Cesar Mora-Estaves, Paulo Egydio, David Ralph, Mohamad Habous, Christopher Love, Ahmad Shamsodini, Robert Valenzuela, Faysal A Yafi
OBJECTIVE: To examine possible etiology and treatment outcomes in 21 patients with glans necrosis following penile prosthesis implantation. METHODS: Glans necrosis typically presented with a dusky glans on first post-operative day following prosthesis implantation. RESULTS: The blood supply to the glans penis consists of the dorsal arteries and the terminal branches of the spongiosal arteries. Using this cohort, we compiled pre-operative comorbidities and adjunctive surgical maneuvers that might compromise glans vascularity leading to glans necrosis...
June 22, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640436/two-step-irradiance-schedule-versus-single-dose-cold-compress-for-pain-control-during-5-aminolevulinic-acid-based-photodynamic-therapy-of-condyloma-acuminatum
#4
Xiaonan Shao, Fang Wang, Bin Xu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of two-step irradiance schedule in relieving pain during PDT of CA. METHODS: The study was a prospective, controlled trial of 141 CA patients who were randomly divided into Group A (two-step irradiance schedule) and Group B (single-dose cold compress). The numeric rating scales (NRS) of patients' pain were recorded at 5, 10, 15, and 20 minutes during each PDT. RESULTS: The efficacy of PDT and NRS scores of patients in the two groups were compared...
June 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638814/congenital-urogenital-abnormalities-in-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#5
Parsa Yousefi Chaijan, Fatemeh Dorreh, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Mohammad Amiri, Mohsen Ebrahimimonfared, Mohammad Rafeie, Fatemeh Safi
Background: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH), as one of the most common congenital endocrine disorders, may be significantly associated with congenital malformations. This study investigates urogenital abnormalities in children with primary CH (PCH). Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 200 children aged three months to 1 year, referred to Amir-Kabir Hospital, Arak, Iran. One hundred children with PCH, as the case group, and 100 healthy children, as the control group, were selected using convenient sampling...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637461/prenatal-exposure-to-antifungal-medication-may-change-anogenital-distance-in-male-offspring-a-preliminary-study
#6
Djamilla Madelung Mogensen, Maria Bergkvist Pihl, Niels E Skakkebæk, Helle Raun Andersen, Anders Juul, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Shanna Swan, David Møbjerg Kristensen, Marianne Skovager Andersen, Dorte Vesterholm Lind, Tina Kold Jensen
BACKGROUND: Vaginal candidiasis is frequent among pregnant women and it is treated with anti-fungal medication (conazoles). Conazoles have anti-androgenic properties and prenatal exposure in rodents is associated with a shorter (less masculine) anogenital distance (AGD) in male offspring. To our knowledge this has never been studied in humans. METHOD: In the Odense Child Cohort pregnant women residing in Odense municipality, Denmark, were recruited at gestational age 8-16 weeks between 2010 and 2012...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632472/recalcitrant-giant-condyloma-acuminatum-treated-successfully-with-a-novel-combination-of-mycobacterium-indicus-pranii-immunotherapy-and-acitretin
#7
Geeti Khullar, Tarun Narang, Dipankar De, Uma Nahar Saikia, Sunil Dogra, Sanjeev Handa
Giant condyloma acuminatum occurs infrequently in children and adolescents. It is a challenging condition which is difficult to treat with both surgical and medical modalities. We present a case of a 15-year-old boy with giant condyloma acuminatum of the glans penis refractory to several therapeutic modalities. The lesions were treated successfully with a novel combination of Mycobacterium indicus pranii immunotherapy and acitretin. There was no recurrence of lesions after two years of follow-up.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631912/-results-of-urethral-reconstruction-in-adults-after-multiple-hypospadias-repairs
#8
S I Gamidov, M G Shneiderman, D Yu Pushkar, A O Vasil'ev, A V Govorov, R I Ovchinnikov, A Yu Popova, R D Dusmukhamedov
AIM: To improve treatment results in patients after multiple hypospadias repairs by optimizing the postoperative management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two patients (mean age 48.1+/-15.3 years) with urethral strictures secondary to failed hypospadias repairs underwent staged graft urethroplasty using oral mucosa (cheek, lip, tongue) as a grafting material. In 62 patients, at the end of surgery the bladder was drained with a standard Foley catheter. In twenty patients the bladder was drained with a modified silicone urethral catheter, which had an additional channel for delivering drugs and removing the urethral wound effluent, and a second additional channel for inflating a balloon fixed to the catheter tube at different parts of the catheter...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615813/modified-cantwell-ransley-repair-for-isolated-continent-epispadias-in-adult-our-experience
#9
Venkat Arjunrao Gite, Hitesh Mahendra Jain, Sachin M Bote, Jayant Vijay Nikose
PURPOSE: We evaluate here our experience with modified Cantwell-Ransley technique described by Gearhart for correction of isolated continent epispadias in adults with respect to its long-term functional outcome and complications. INTRODUCTION: Isolated male epispadias is a rare anomaly with a reported incidence of 1 in 11,700 males. Many surgical techniques with various modifications described to correct epispadias as treatment are debatable and challenging. The majority of the cases are treated at childhood as clinical presentation is striking at birth; hence, presentation in adulthood is extremely rare...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614204/human-papillomavirus-hpv-genotypes-in-condylomas-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-invasive-carcinoma-of-the-penis-using-laser-capture-microdissection-lcm-pcr-a-study-of-191-lesions-in-43-patients
#10
María J Fernández-Nestosa, Nuria Guimerà, Diego F Sanchez, Sofía Cañete-Portillo, Elsa F Velazquez, David Jenkins, Wim Quint, Antonio L Cubilla
Laser capture microdissection-polymerase chain reaction (LCM-PCR) supported by p16 was used for the first time to demonstrate human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in histologically specific penile lesions, which were as follows: squamous hyperplasia (12 lesions, 10 patients), flat lesions (12 lesions, 5 patients), condylomas (26 lesions, 7 patients), penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) (115 lesions, 43 patients), and invasive squamous cell carcinomas (26 lesions, 26 patients). HPV was detected by whole-tissue section and LCM-PCR...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612588/analysis-of-knowledge-level-in-brasilian-students-about-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-development-of-penile-cancer
#11
George Kemil Abdalla, Emanuella Francisco Fajardo, Bruno Belmonte Martinelli Gomes, Thiago Mantello Bianco, Ana Karina Marques Salge, Eduardo Elias Vieira de Carvalho, Marlize Moura Dos Reis, Dayana Pousa Siqueira Abrahão, Douglas Reis Abdalla
Introduction: Human papillomavirus (HPV), belonging to the Papovavirida family, is the most prevalent sexually transmitted disease (STD) agent worldwide. In Brazil, it is estimated that there are 3-6 million people infected with HPV. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of young male students about penis cancer related to HPV infection. Methods: This exploratory and quantitative study was conducted to analyze answers of 242 male students attending a private college located in Uberaba city, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, during 2015...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610381/descriptions-of-three-new-species-of-the-harvestmen-genus-pseudogagrella%C3%A2-opiliones-sclerosomatidae-gagrellinae-from-taiwan-supported-by-morphological-and-molecular-evidence
#12
Ssu-Li Chen, Hsi-Te Shih
Three new species of Opiliones are delimited and described from central and northern Taiwan based on morphological and molecular evidence. Pseudogagrella dorsomaculata sp. nov., collected from the Dasyueshan Forest Recreation Area, Heping, Taichung, resembles P. andoi Suzuki 1977, but can be recognized by the different pattern of the first abdominal tergite and the morphology of the penile grans. Pseudogagrella nigridorsa sp. nov., collected from the Lalashan National Forest Sanctuary, Fusing, Taoyuan, resembles P...
May 15, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610218/two-new-brackish-water-species-of-i-macrostomum-i-platyhelminthes-%C3%A2-macrostomida-from-mangrove-wetland-in-southern-china
#13
Lei Wang, Fan Xin, Chu-Yu Fang, Y U Zhang, An-Tai Wang
In this paper, two new brackish-water species of Macrostomum (M. shenzhenensis n. sp. and M qiaochengensis n. sp.) collected from the artificial lake in Overseas Chinese Town mangrove wetland, are described based on the morphology of the penis stylet and on a molecular phylogenetic analysis. M. shenzhenensis n. sp. has an elongate, narrow stylet with torus-shaped distal wall thickening, while M. qiaochengensis n. sp. has a hook-like stylet with a pointed end. Both the 18S and 28S rDNA phylogenetic analyses of M shenzhenensis n...
June 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610203/new-species-of-i-ameletus-i-eaton-1885-from-the-russian-far-east-with-notes-on-i-ameletus-i-i-camtschaticus-i-ulmer-1927-ephemeroptera-ameletidae
#14
Tatiana M Tiunova, Aleksandr A Semenchenko, Oleg A Velyaev
The male imagoes, larvae, and eggs of Ameletus allengaensis sp. nov. and Ameletus sirotskii sp. nov. from the Russian Far East are described. Based on the structure of the male genitalia, the imago and larvae of A. allengaensis sp. nov. and A. sirotskii sp. nov. are similar to those of A. camtschaticus, but the discovery of these new species and separation from A. camtschaticus were confirmed by studies of the morphology of the larvae and male imago, as well as molecular analysis. Identity of various developmental stages of the new species were confirmed by analysis of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase 1 (COI) DNA barcode, which was also used to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships within the genus Ameletus...
June 11, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610162/revalidation-of-i-platystigma-i-kennedy-1920-with-a-synopsis-of-the-i-quadratum-i-species-group-and-the-description-of-three-new-species-odonata-pseudostigmatidae
#15
Angelo B M Machado, Déborah S Soldati Lacerda
The genus Platystigma Kennedy, 1920 is revalidated based mainly on the third segment of the penis that is plate-like, whereas in the other Pseudostigmatidae it is a flagellum. Dijkstra et al (2014) have merged this family into the Coenagrionidae. However, we prefer to maintain the long-used name Pseudostigmatidae until more detailed phylogenetic studies with more sampling are done. Eight species are here considered in the genus, three of which are described as new: P. humaita, P. minimum and P. quadratum. The genus is divided in two species group, jocaste and quadratum, the latter studied here...
March 13, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610127/a-new-species-of-i-campylocia-i-needham-amp-murphy-1924-ephemeroptera-%C3%A2-euthyplociidae-from-northern-brazil
#16
Jaime DE Liege Gama Neto, Mahedy Araujo Bastos Passos
A new species of Campylocia is described from Northern Brazil based on male and female imagoes. The main characteristics that distinguish the male imago of the new species from its congeners are: forewings with fork of Rs basal to fork of MA and one or two intercalary veins attached to CuA; general color of abdomen whitish; terga I-VIII with purplish brown dorsolateral area and light colored medial line; terga II-VII with two pairs of light colored drop-shaped spots (one medioapical and one medial); tergum VIII with a medioapical pair of light colored drop-shaped spots; terga IX-X orange; base of penis rectangular; penis lobes adjacent to medial line, laterally directed, without median lobes, fused on basal 1/2 and slender on distal 2/3; subgenital plate rectangular with medial emargination and dark brown margins...
March 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609960/revision-of-the-subgenus-i-niphetoscapha-i-heller-of-i-gymnopholus-i-heller%C3%A2-coleoptera-curculionoidea-entiminae-eupholini-and-a-new-species-with-epizoic-symbiosis-from-west-new-guinea
#17
Alexander Riedel, Agust Kilmaskossu
The subgenus Niphetoscapha Heller 1914 of Gymnopholus Heller 1901 is revised. It is characterized by the morphology of the elytral apex and the asymmetrical tip of the penis. Vestigial wings and a fused elytral suture indicate flightlessness. Gymnopholus (Niphetoscapha) inexspectatus sp. n. is described as new, exhibiting a distinct epizoic symbiosis with algae otherwise known from the subgenus Symbiopholus Gressitt 1966. The four species of Niphetoscapha inhabit the central mountain range of West New Guinea: Gymnopholus audax Gressitt 1966, G...
April 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609920/-i-prionotropis-i-i-ancosae-i-a-new-species-of-thrinchinae-orthoptera-pamphagidae-from-the-northeast-of-the-iberian-peninsula
#18
Josep Maria Olmo-Vidal
A new species of the genus Prionotropis Fieber, 1853 is described from Catalonia (Northeast of the Iberian Peninsula). Prionotropis ancosae n. sp. was collected in a calcicolous stepic scrub dominated mainly by thyme (Thymus vulgaris). P. ancosae n. sp. is characterized by the following characters: the pronotum in dorsal view narrow and in lateral view with the principal transverse sulcus between prozona and metazona clearly incised; mesosternal lobes equal width than long and width than mesosternal interspace; tegmina extend at most to the end of second abdominal segment in the females and the end of abdomen in the males; inside hind femora at the base to the middle part and inside hind tibiae blue; and phallic complex with the penis valves long...
April 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607875/congenital-scaphoid-megalourethra-a-case-report
#19
Kenji Obara, Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Kazutoshi Yamana, Hiroo Kuroki, Yoshihiko Tomita
A congenital megalourethra is an enlargement of the pendulous urethra without evidence of distal obstruction. A 1-month-old boy presented to us with complaint of weak stream, ballooning of the penis before and during voiding and post voiding dribbling, since birth. Physical examination and cystourethroscope confirmed the diagnosis of congenital scaphoid megalourethra. He underwent reduction urethroplasty. During postoperative follow up, he had normal looking penis with good urinary stream.
September 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599586/how-children-with-cerebral-palsy-master-bimanual-activities-from-a-parental-perspective
#20
Git Lidman, Kate Himmelmann, Gunilla Gosman-Hedström, Marie Peny-Dahlstrand
BACKGROUND: During childhood, children learn the daily life activities they want and need to do. Children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy often have difficulties performing activities requiring two hands. AIM: To describe parental reasoning on how children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy learn to master the performance of bimanual activities in everyday life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen parents participated in focus groups, a qualitative research approach with its own methodological criteria and research methods...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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